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Transforming matters: sustaining gold lifeways in artisanal and small-scale gold mining
The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit. University of Reading, United Kingdom.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6042-6706
Leiden University, The Netherlands.
University of Reading, United Kingdom.
NAP Mineração, University of São Paulo, Brazil.
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2021 (English)In: Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, ISSN 1877-3435, E-ISSN 1877-3443, Vol. 49, p. 190-200Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Growth strategies in mining regions promote gold extraction based on industrial mining, associating Artisanal and Small-scale Gold Mining (ASGM) with persistent informality. Against this background, we consider how to approach transformations to sustainability in ASGM. Acknowledging how problematic this topic is for sustainability debates, given how ASGM is associated with a host of environmental and social problems, we argue that a justice lens demands we confront such challenges within the global politics of sustainability. This leads us to review advances in the study of ASGM, linked to debates on extractivism, resource materialities, and informality. We use the notion of gold lifeways to capture how the matter of mining shapes different worlds of extraction. We argue that consideration of the potential for transformations to sustainability needs to be grounded within the realities of ASGM. This necessitates giving value to miners’ knowledge(s), perspectives and interests, while recognising the plurality of mining futures. Nevertheless, we conclude that between the immediacy of precarious work and the structural barriers to change in ASGM, the challenges for transformation cannot be underestimated.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Switzerland: Elsevier, 2021. Vol. 49, p. 190-200
Keywords [en]
Artisanal and Small-scale Gold Mining, gold, lifeways, transformations to sustainability
National Category
Other Social Sciences Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:nai:diva-2542DOI: 10.1016/j.cosust.2021.06.010OAI: oai:DiVA.org:nai-2542DiVA, id: diva2:1581967
Projects
Sustainability Transformations in Artisanal and Small-scale Gold Mining
Funder
EU, Horizon 2020, 462.17.201Available from: 2021-07-27 Created: 2021-07-27 Last updated: 2021-09-08Bibliographically approved

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  • apa
  • ieee
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