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Eritrea: a dream deferred
The Nordic Africa Institute.
2009 (English)Book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Eritrean independence under the Eritrean People's Liberation Front (now the People's Front for Democracy and Justice) became an international cause celebre during the 1980s. Eritrea was the first African nation to gain independence in the post-colonial period and appeared to be opening a new and progressive path in African politics. But the promise of the revolution was soon betrayed by the outbreak of war with Ethiopia, the PFDJ's increasingly repressive domestic policies, its mismanagement of the country's economy, and its hostile relations with its neighbours.The PFDJ government dismantled existing formal and informal institutions, crippled the private sector, banned private newspapers, civil and political society organisations, expelled international NGOs and aid agencies when over two-thirds of the population were dependent on food aid, detained without trial journalists, thousands of dissidents, and former leaders of the liberation struggle, and turned national service from an instrument of nation building and national integration into an instrument of open-ended forced labour.In this well-researched first account of post-independence Eritrea, Gaim Kibreab gives a detailed and critical analysis of how things went woefully wrong and how the former 'liberators' turned into oppressors with no respect for the rule of law, human rights and religious freedom.

CONTENT

1  Introduction

2  The Broken Promises, Demand for Change & Violation of Human Rights

3  Associational Life in Independent Eritrea

4  Towards an Explanation

5  The Demise of the Private Sector

6  PFDJ's Dominance of the Economy & the Consequences

7  Freedom of Association, Political Stability & Institutions

8  Shattered Promises: In Lieu of a Conclusion

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: James Currey; Nordiska Afrikainstitutet , 2009. , 420 p.
Keyword [en]
Eritrea, Post-independence, National liberation movements, Nation-building, Economic conditions, Political development, Civil war, Human rights violations, Social change
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalization Studies)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:nai:diva-52ISBN: 9781847010087 (print)ISBN: 1847010083 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:nai-52DiVA: diva2:236432
Available from: 2009-09-23 Created: 2009-09-17 Last updated: 2009-09-28Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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