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Ethnic militias and the threat to democracy in post-transition Nigeria
The Nordic Africa Institute.
2004 (English)Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [en]

The democratic opening presented by Nigeria’s successful transition to civil rule (June 1998 to May 1999) unleashed a host of hitherto repressed or dormant political forces. Unfortunately, it has become increasingly difficult to differentiate between genuine demands by these forces on the state and outright criminality and mayhem. Post-transition Nigeria is experiencing the proliferation of ethnic militia movements purportedly representing, and seeking to protect, their ethnic interests in a country, which appears incapable of providing the basic welfare needs of its citizens.

It is against the background of collective disenchantment with the Nigerian state, and the resurgence of ethnic identity politics that this research interrogates the growing challenge posed by ethnic militias to the Nigerian democracy project. The central thesis is that the over-centralization of power in Nigeria’s federal practice and the failure of post-transitional politics in genuinely addressing the “National Question, has resulted in the emergence of ethnic militias as a specific response to state incapacity. The short- and long-term threats posed by this development to Nigeria’s fragile democracy are real, and justify the call for a National Conference that will comprehensively address the demands of the ethnic nationalities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet , 2004. , 53 p.
Series
Research report, ISSN 1104-8425 ; 127
Keyword [en]
Armed forces, ethnic conflicts, democratization interethnic relations, militarism, violence, Nigeria
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:nai:diva-95ISBN: 91-7106-525-3 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:nai-95DiVA: diva2:240625
Note
CONTENTS -- Introduction -- Colonial Rule, Indigenous Societies and the State -- Democratisation, Ethno-Nationalism and Conflicts - A Review -- Democratisation and Violence -- Nigeria's Ethnic Militias - Origin and Objectives -- O'odua Peoples Congress (OPC) Movement for the Actualisation of the Sovereign State of Biafra (MASSOB) -- The Bakassi Boys -- Militant Ethnicity in the Middle-Belt -- Arewa Peoples Congress (APC) -- The Niger Delta Militias -- State Response to Militant Ethnicity -- Conflicts, Democracy and the Survival of the State -- Federal Practice and the National Question -- Concluding Remarks References Appendix 1. The Aba Declaration Appendix 2. APC Mission Statement Appendix 3. The Kaima Declaration Available from: 2009-09-29 Created: 2009-09-22 Last updated: 2009-09-29Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
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More styles
Language
  • de-DE
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  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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