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Political and economic liberalisation in Zambia 1991-2001
The Nordic Africa Institute.
2003 (English)Book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

As one of the first countries in sub-Saharan Africa, in 1991 Zambia experienced  a peaceful transition to multi-party rule. The new government, Movement for Multiparty Democracy (MMD), also committed itself to implementing an economic reform programme. The international donor community in turn generously rewarded the new government’s commitment to both political and economic change.

Despite the optimistic forecasts in 1991, both the political and economic liberalisation processes in Zambia are today characterised by their partial implementation. Zambia has joined the vast majority of African reforming governments and entered into a 'transitional grey zone' in terms of democratic reforms, and remains stuck in a 'partial reform syndrome' characterised by a permanent economic crisis.

What can explain the Zambian development trajectory? Why were some elements of the economic reforms implemented soon after the 1991 elections while other vital reform processes were postponed? To what extent did the processes of political and economic reform reinforce or hinder one another? This book analyses the implementation of political and economic liberalisation in Zambia during the first two election periods (1991-2001). Focussing on the negotiations between government and the key domestic interest groups, as well as the dialogues between the MMD government and the international donor community, the book argues that despite a disastrous socio-economic record, the processes of political and economic liberalisation proceeded concomitantly without seriously affecting or undermining each other. Contrary to expectations linked both to the political and economic reform processes, executive dominance increased in Zambia in the 1990s. Stressing continuity rather than change, the analysis of Zambia's reform processes suggests that the practices of patronage politics associated with authoritarian regimes are compatible with processes of political and economic liberalisation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet , 2003. , 235 p.
Keyword [en]
Economic development, Economic reform, Donors, Political development, Zambia
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:nai:diva-188OAI: oai:DiVA.org:nai-188DiVA: diva2:241356
Note
CONTENTS -- REFORM FOR POLITICAL SURVIVAL: POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC LIBERALISATION IN ZAMBIA 1991–2001 -- POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC LIBERALISATION IN THEORY AND IN AFRICA -- POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENTS IN ZAMBIA 1964–1991 -- ECONOMIC REFORMS 1991–2001: THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE GOVERNMENT AND DOMESTIC INTEREST GROUPS -- POLITICAL LIBERALISATION 1991–2001: THE DECLINE OF INTEREST GROUP INFLUENCE -- AID FOR REFORM: THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE ZAMBIAN GOVERNMENT AND THE INTERNATIONAL DONOR COMMUNITY -- POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC LIBERALISATION IN ZAMBIA 1991–2001Available from: 2009-10-02 Created: 2009-10-02 Last updated: 2009-10-02Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
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  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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  • asciidoc
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