Biofuels, Land Grabbing and Food Security in Africa
2011 (English)Collection (editor) (Other academic)
Energy crisis and climate change have generated global demands for alternative non-fossil fuel sources. This has led to a rapid increase of investments in production of liquid biofuels based on agricultural feed stocks such as sugar cane. Most African governments see biofuels as a potential for increasing agricultural productivity and export incomes and thus strengthening their national economies, improving energy balances and rural employment. At the same time climate change may be addressed through reduction of green house gas emissions.
There are, however, a number of uncertainties mounting that challenge this scenario. Using in-depth African case studies this book addresses this knowledge gap by examining the impacts of large-scale biofuel production on African agriculture in regard to vital land outsourcing and food security issues. The surge for African biofuels has also opened space for private investors both domestic and external to multiply and network 'independently' of the state. The biofuel expansion thus generates new economic alliances and production relations, resulting in new forms of inclusions and exclusions within the rural population.
An essential book for anyone wishing to understand the startling impact of biofuels and land outsourcing on Africa.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Zed Books/Nordiska Afrikainstitutet , 2011.
Biomass energy, Fuels, Energy resources, Food supply, Food security, Land tenure, Property rights. Africa, Tanzania
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:nai:diva-1331ISBN: 9781848138797 (print)ISBN: 9781848138780 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:nai-1331DiVA: diva2:387049
Contents: -- 1. Introduction: Biofuels, Food Security and Land Outsourcing -- 2. Land Rights, Livelihoods Justice and the Internationalization of the Search for Food Security and Energy -- 3. Peak Oil, and the Push for Bio-fuel by Industrialized Nations -- 4. Suspending People’s Resource Rights: The Demand for Foreign Direct Investment in Africa in the Context of Innovations on Bio-fuels -- 5. Smallholder-Led Transformation Towards Bio-fuel Production in Ethiopia -- 6. Bio-fuel, Land Outsourcing and the Process of Environmental and Social Impact Assessment in Tanzania -- 7. The Push for Bio-fuels in the Context of the Political Economy Crisis in Zimbabwe -- 8. The Effect of the Spread of Jatropha Production on Food Security in Northern Ghana -- 9. Who Governs Bio-fuels?: Lessons and Reflections on Social Inclusion and Bio-diesel Policy in Brazil. What Can Africa Learn? 10. Lessons and Reflections on Brazilian Ethanol Development. What Can Africa Learn? -- 11. Setting A New Agenda for Smallholder Farmers in the Context of Bio-fuels: A Synthesis2011-01-132011-01-132015-05-26Bibliographically approved