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  • 1.
    Abu Hatab, Assem
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Climate Change and Migration in North Africa: Projections, Impacts, and Implications for Adaptation2022Rapport (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    This policy brief takes a regional perspective based on a rapid review of the extant literature to cascading climate risks and their links with migration in North Africa. Understanding the climate-migration nexus in the context of North Africa is a cornerstone for taking informed decisions and developing strategies to mitigate the adverse impact of climate change, including potential human mobility.

  • 2.
    Bwalya Umar, Bridget
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit. Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, University of Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia.
    Adapting to Climate Change Through Conservation Agriculture: A Gendered Analysis of Eastern Zambia2021Ingår i: Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems, E-ISSN 2571-581X, Vol. 5, artikel-id 748300Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explored the use of conservation agriculture (CA) as a climate adaptationstrategy among smallholder farmers in Eastern Zambia. Using 761 household interviewsand 33 focus group discussions (FGDs) with smallholder farmers from six districts, datawas collected on how smallholder farmers in the region experience climate change,what CA practices they had adopted, and benefits and challenges associated withCA practice. Results show that men and women farmers had similar experiences ofclimate change, namely late onset of a shortened rainy season, intra-seasonal droughtand higher temperatures. Farmers’ perceptions of gender-mediated effects of climatechange had important nuances. The three most cited effects of climate change onwomen mentioned by women were lower crop yields, outbreaks of armyworms andreduced livestock fodder. The men thought women were most affected by increasedhunger, lower crop yields and reduced domestic water sources. According to the womenFGDs, men were most affected through reduced crop yields, increases in livestockdiseases and increased hunger. The men self-reported reduced crop yields, reducedwater for livestock and outbreaks of armyworms. Both men and women saw CA ashaving climate change adaptation benefits. For the women, men most benefitted fromCA through the high moisture holding capacity of basins, higher crop yields and reducedlabor requirements through use of oxen ripping. The men most appreciated the highcrop yields, improved soil fertility and reduced costs as less fertilizer is used. The womencited the high moisture holding capacity of basins, high crop yields and improved soilfertility as benefits they most commonly derived from CA, while the men thought thewomen most benefitted from CA through the higher crop yields, improved soil fertilityand crop tolerance to droughts. The study concludes that there is room for CA to serveas a climate smart agricultural system for both men and women smallholder farmers inEastern Zambia. However, this will require addressing important challenges of high weedpressure, high labor demands, and low access to manure, and CA farming implements.The CA package for Zambia should include access to timely climate information andclimate informed crop choices

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  • 3. Châtel, Francesca
    et al.
    Oestigaard, Terje
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Agrarian Change, Property and Resources.
    The Nile: Shifting Balance of Powers2012Ingår i: Revolve, ISSN 2033-2912, Vol. 3, s. 32-39Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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  • 4.
    Fisher, Eleanor
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit. University of Reading, United Kingdom.
    Luning, Sabine
    Leiden University, The Netherlands.
    D'Angelo, Lorenzo
    University of Reading, United Kingdom.
    Araujo, Carlos HX
    NAP Mineração, University of São Paulo, Brazil.
    Arnaldi di Balme, Luigi
    Institute for Social Research in Africa, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.
    Calvimontes, Jorge
    NEPAM, Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), Brazil.
    van de Camp, Esther
    Leiden University, The Netherlands.
    da Costa Ferreira, Lúcia
    NEPAM, Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), Brazil.
    Lanzano, Cristiano
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Massaro, Luciana
    NEPAM, Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), Brazil; Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
    Ouédraogo, Alizèta
    Institute for Social Research in Africa, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.
    Mello, Januária Pereira
    NEPAM, Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), Brazil.
    Pijpers, Robert J.
    University of Hamburg, Germany.
    Obodai Provencal, Nii
    Nuku Studios, Accra, Ghana.
    Resende de Moraes, Raíssa
    NAP Mineração, University of São Paulo, Brazil; Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
    Sawadogo, Christophe
    Institute for Social Research in Africa, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.
    de Theije, Marjo
    Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
    de Tomi, Giorgio
    NAP Mineração, University of São Paulo, Brazil.
    Tuhumwire, Margaret
    Environmental Women in Action for Development, Entebbe, Uganda.
    Twongyirwe, Ronald
    Mbarara University of Science and Technology, Uganda.
    Transforming matters: sustaining gold lifeways in artisanal and small-scale gold mining2021Ingår i: Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, ISSN 1877-3435, E-ISSN 1877-3443, Vol. 49, s. 190-200Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Growth strategies in mining regions promote gold extraction based on industrial mining, associating Artisanal and Small-scale Gold Mining (ASGM) with persistent informality. Against this background, we consider how to approach transformations to sustainability in ASGM. Acknowledging how problematic this topic is for sustainability debates, given how ASGM is associated with a host of environmental and social problems, we argue that a justice lens demands we confront such challenges within the global politics of sustainability. This leads us to review advances in the study of ASGM, linked to debates on extractivism, resource materialities, and informality. We use the notion of gold lifeways to capture how the matter of mining shapes different worlds of extraction. We argue that consideration of the potential for transformations to sustainability needs to be grounded within the realities of ASGM. This necessitates giving value to miners’ knowledge(s), perspectives and interests, while recognising the plurality of mining futures. Nevertheless, we conclude that between the immediacy of precarious work and the structural barriers to change in ASGM, the challenges for transformation cannot be underestimated.

  • 5.
    Martin, Maria A.
    et al.
    Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK), Member of the Leibniz Association, Potsdam, Germany.
    Sendra, Olga Alcaraz
    Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain.
    Bastos, Ana
    Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Jena, Germany.
    Bauer, Nico
    Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK), Member of the Leibniz Association, Potsdam, Germany.
    Bertram, Christoph
    Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK), Member of the Leibniz Association, Potsdam, Germany.
    Blenckner, Thorsten
    Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Bowen, Kathryn
    Melbourne Climate Futures, Melbourne Law School, Parkville, Victoria, Australia; Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.
    Brando, Paulo M.
    University of California, Irvine, CA, USA.
    Rudolph, Tanya Brodie
    South Africa Centre for Sustainability Transitions (CST), University of Stellenbosch, Stellenbosch, South Africa.
    Büchs, Milena
    University of Leeds, School of Earth and Environment, Leeds, UK.
    Bustamante, Mercedes
    University of Brasilia, Brasilia, Brazil.
    Chen, Deliang
    Department of Earth Sciences, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Cleugh, Helen
    WCRP Joint Scientific Committee (JSC), Canberra, Australia.
    Dasgupta, Purnamita
    International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development, Lalitpur, Nepal.
    Denton, Fatima
    United Nations University, Institute for Natural Resources in Africa, Accra, Ghana.
    Donges, Jonathan F.
    Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK), Member of the Leibniz Association, Potsdam, Germany; Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Donkor, Felix Kwabena
    Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography, University of Education-Winneba, Winneba, Ghana.
    Duan, Hongbo
    School of Economics and Management, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.
    Duarte, Carlos M.
    Red Sea Research Center (RSRC), and Computational Biosciences Research Center (CBRC), King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Thuwal, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia; Arctic Research Centre, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark.
    Ebi, Kristie L.
    Center for Health and the Global Environment (CHanGE), University of Washington, Washington, USA.
    Edwards, Clea M.
    Global Futures Laboratory, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, USA.
    Engel, Anja
    GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel, Kiel, Germany.
    Fisher, Eleanor
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Fuss, Sabine
    Mercator Research Institute on Global Commons and Climate Change (MCC), Berlin, Germany; Humboldt University of Berlin, Berlin, Germany.
    Gaertner, Juliana
    Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK), Member of the Leibniz Association, Potsdam, Germany.
    Gettelman, Andrew
    National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), Boulder, CO, USA.
    Girardin, Cécile A.J.
    University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.
    Golledge, Nicholas R.
    Antarctic Research Centre, Victoria University of Wellington, Wellington, New Zealand.
    Green, Jessica F.
    University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.
    Grose, Michael R.
    CSIRO, Canberra, Australia.
    Hashizume, Masahiro
    University of Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, Japan.
    Hebden, Sophie
    Future Earth Global Secretariat, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Hepach, Helmke
    Climate Service Center Germany (GERICS), Helmholtz-Zentrum Hereon, Hamburg, Germany.
    Hirota, Marina
    Federal University of Santa Catarina, Florianopolis, Brazil.
    Hsu, Huang-Hsiung
    Anthropogenic Climate Change Center, Research Center for Environmental Changes, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan.
    Kojima, Satoshi
    Institute for Global Environmental Strategies, Miuragun, Hayama, Japan.
    Lele, Sharachchandra
    Centre for Environment & Development, ATREE, Bengaluru, India.
    Lorek, Sylvia
    Sustainable Europe Research Institute, Cologne, Germany; ZOE Institute for Future-Fit economies, Cologne, Germany.
    Lotze, Heike K.
    Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.
    Matthews, H. Damon
    Concordia University, Montreal, Canada.
    McCauley, Darren
    Erasmus University of Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
    Mebratu, Desta
    South Africa Centre for Sustainability Transitions (CST), University of Stellenbosch, Stellenbosch, South Africa; Addis Ababa University Institute of Technology, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
    Mengis, Nadine
    GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel, Kiel, Germany.
    Nolan, Rachael H.
    Hawkesbury Institute for the Environment, Western Sydney University, Sydney, Australia; NSW Bushfire Risk Management Research Hub, Wollongong, NSW 2522, Australia.
    Pihl, Erik
    Future Earth Global Secretariat, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Rahmstorf, Stefan
    Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK), Member of the Leibniz Association, Potsdam, Germany.
    Redman, Aaron
    Global Futures Laboratory, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, USA.
    Reid, Colleen E.
    University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, CO, USA.
    Rockström, Johan
    Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK), Member of the Leibniz Association, Potsdam, Germany; University of Potsdam, Potsdam, Germany.
    Rogelj, Joeri
    Imperial College London, London, UK; International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Laxenburg, Austria.
    Saunois, Marielle
    Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement, LSCEIPSL (CEA-CNRS-UVSQ), Université Paris-Saclay, Gif sur Yvette, France.
    Sayer, Lizzie
    International Science Council, Paris, France.
    Schlosser, Peter
    Global Futures Laboratory, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, USA.
    Sioen, Giles B.
    Future Earth Global Secretariat, Tokyo, Japan; National Institute for Environmental Studies, Tsukuba, Japan.
    Spangenberg, Joachim H.
    Sustainable Europe Research Institute, Cologne, Germany.
    Stammer, Detlef
    University of Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany.
    Sterner, Thomas N.S.
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Stevens, Nicola
    University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.
    Thonicke, Kirsten
    Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK), Member of the Leibniz Association, Potsdam, Germany.
    Tian, Hanqin
    International Center for Climate and Global Change Research, School of Forestry and Wildlife Sciences, Auburn University, Auburn, AL, USA.
    Winkelmann, Ricarda
    Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK), Member of the Leibniz Association, Potsdam, Germany; University of Potsdam, Potsdam, Germany.
    Woodcock, James
    MRC Epidemiology Unit, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.
    Ten new insights in climate science 2021: a horizon scan2021Ingår i: Global Sustainability, E-ISSN 2059-4798, Vol. 4, artikel-id e25Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Non-technical summary

    We summarize some of the past year's most important findings within climate change-related research. New research has improved our understanding about the remaining options to achieve the Paris Agreement goals, through overcoming political barriers to carbon pricing, taking into account non-CO2 factors, a well-designed implementation of demand-side and nature-based solutions, resilience building of ecosystems and the recognition that climate change mitigation costs can be justified by benefits to the health of humans and nature alone. We consider new insights about what to expect if we fail to include a new dimension of fire extremes and the prospect of cascading climate tipping elements.

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  • 6. Nabuurs, G-J
    et al.
    Mrabet, R.
    Abu Hatab, Assem
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit. Department of Economics, The Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden.
    Bustamante, M.
    Clark, H.
    Havlik, P.
    House, J.
    Mbow, C.
    Ninan, K. N.
    Popp, A.
    Roe, S.
    Sohngen, B.
    Towprayoon, S.
    Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Uses (AFOLU)2022Ingår i: Climate Change 2022: Mitigation of Climate Change. Contribution of Working Group III to the Sixth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change / [ed] P.R. Shukla, J. Skea, R. Slade, A. Al Khourdajie, R. van Diemen, D. McCollum, M. Pathak, S. Some, P. Vyas, R. Fradera, M. Belkacemi, A. Hasija, G. Lisboa, S. Luz, J. Malley, Cambridge, UK; New York, NY, US: Cambridge University Press, 2022, s. 747-860Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 7.
    Ouma, Marion
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Climate adaptation in Kenya: narratives and frames shaping policy and practice2023Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Climate change poses one of the greatest challenges of our time with the impact severely distressing lives and livelihoods particularly in countries of the Global South. In Kenya, climate-related disasters and extreme events have plagued the most vulnerable communities with the most affected as marginalized communities. Through the institutionalization of the Kenya Climate Change Act (2016), the government provides guidance for the climate change response, proposing measures to build resilience and enhance adaptation. Efforts to promote adaption and resilience of communities and households often involve multi-pronged approaches promoted through multi-actor and multi-level action. Besides the provisions of the Act., climate adaptation discourse in the country is shaped through particular narratives which have both international and national contexts. The narratives have developed over time and often overlap, with institutions and individuals working across the different frames. In this paper, we review literature on climate adaptation in Kenya and use it to discuss four of the dominant narratives that shape climate change adaption in the country. The narratives discussed in this paper relate to adaptive capacities, technological and technical, gender and feminist, and climate justice framings. We argue that some narratives have been dominant in shaping adaptation discourse and practice towards certain solutions, and in turn may have obscured and/or subsumed other plausible solutions.

    The working paper was undertaken as part of the gender and social equity research work under ClimBeR – Building Systemic Resilience Against Climate Variability and Extremes. ClimBeR is an initiative of the CGIAR which aims to transform climate adaptation capacity of food and agricultural systems Guatemala, Kenya, Morocco, Philippines, Senegal and Zambia. Its goal is to tackle vulnerability to climate change at its roots and support countries as they adapt and build equitable and sustainable futures.

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  • 8.
    Pihl, Erik
    et al.
    Future Earth Global Secretariat, Sweden.
    Fisher, Eleanor
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Zelinka, Mark D.
    Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, USA.
    Ten New Insights in Climate Science 2020: a Horizon Scan2021Ingår i: Global Sustainability, E-ISSN 2059-4798, Vol. 4Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Non-technical summary: We summarize some of the past year’s most important findings within climate change-related research. New research has improved our understanding of Earth’s sensitivity to carbon dioxide, finds that permafrost thaw could release more carbon emissions than expected and that the uptake of carbon in tropical ecosystems is weakening. Adverse impacts on human society include increasing water shortages and impacts on mental health. Options for solutions emerge from rethinking economic models, rights-based litigation, strengthened governance systems and a new social contract. The disruption caused by COVID-19 could be seized as an opportunity for positive change, directing economic stimulus towards sustainable investments.

  • 9.
    Swain, Ashok
    et al.
    Department of Peace and Conflict Research, Uppsala University.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Department of Economics, Uppsala University.
    Themnér, Anders
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation. Department of Peace and Conflict Research, Uppsala University.
    Krampe, Florian
    Department of Peace and Conflict Research, Uppsala University.
    Zambezi River Basin: A Risk Zone of Climate Change and Vulnerability2012Ingår i: New Routes, ISSN 1403-3755, E-ISSN 2000-8082, Vol. 17, nr 3, s. 17-20Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 10.
    Twongyirwe, Ronald
    et al.
    Department of Environment and Livelihoods Support Systems, Faculty of Interdisciplinary Studies, Mbarara University of Science and Technology, Mbarara, Uganda; School of Agriculture, Policy and Development, University of Reading, Reading, United Kingdom .
    Fisher, Eleanor
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Karungi, Christine
    Graduate student, Faculty of Interdisciplinary Studies, Mbarara University of Science and Technology, Mbarara, Uganda.
    Ndugu, Nelson
    Department of Physics, North-West University, Mmabatho, South Africa; Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Muni University, Arua, Uganda.
    Projected land use change in an oil-rich landscape in Uganda: A participatory modelling approach2022Ingår i: The Extractive Industries and Society, ISSN 2214-790X, E-ISSN 2214-7918, Vol. 10, artikel-id 101071Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The discovery of oil in the North Albertine Rift Landscape of Uganda has increased pressure on land andheightened the potential for resource use conflict. In this article, we focus on changing land use dynamics as oilextraction unfolds in a new resource frontier. We ask how the development of the nascent oil industry will affectland use dynamics, including land use conflicts. This leads us to identify the land use change already arising andto use this as the basis for participatory modelling of projected change. Given they are dominant forms of landuse, agriculture and forestry are central to our analysis. Design of the methodology combined remote sensingwith innovative modelling incorporating participatory development methods. This facilitated insight into projected land use patterns, and specifically relationships between small-scale food production, commercial sugarcane production, and forestry conservation adjacent to settlement areas. Our data show that ill–defined landboundaries and an aggressive sugarcane out-grower scheme are avenues for so-called land grabbing. Modellingscenarios under both the status quo and under oil extraction suggest the land area covered by sugarcane production will increase at the expense of food crop farming. Given a context where forestry conservation is animportant form of land use, we also consider the implications of local agricultural change on land reserved forconservation. Overall, our modelling indicates that in accounting for land use change within the resource frontierassociated with oil extraction, there needs to be insight into the intricate interconnections between differentforms of rural land use as future change unfolds. Understanding how oil extraction effects rural land use patternsholds relevance for planning in contexts of the Global South where new oil industries are emerging. Innovativemethodologies for teasing out these complex land use dynamics can aid planning that seeks to anticipate andreduce land use conflict and support agricultural livelihoods. 

  • 11.
    Pihl, Erik (Redaktör)
    Future Earth Global Secretariat, Sweden.
    Fisher, Eleanor (Medarbetare/bidragsgivare)
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Zelinka, Mark D. (Medarbetare/bidragsgivare)
    Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, USA.
    10 New Insights in Climate Science 20202021Rapport (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
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