The Nordic Africa Institute – Publications

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  • 1.
    Abokor, Axmed Cali
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Suugaanta Geela1986Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    For centuries livestock have formed the backbone of the Somali economy. Camels are especially highly valued by Somali herdsmen.

    The practical uses of the camel have been eloquently described by Somalis in their extensive oral poetry, handed down through generations from father to son. It forms a complete literacy tradition composed of poems, proverbs, metaphors and tales of wisdom.

    The collection and preservation of Somali oral literature are important subjects that require urgent attention. This rich literature was transmitted to us orally from generation to generation. The cultural and historical life of the Somali people is reflected in this ancient oral data.

    The present collection of oral literature on the Somali camel is the result of an extensive research work. Oral literature has been one of the subjects studied by the "Somali camel research project", a bilateral undertaking between Somalia and Sweden (the Somali Academy of Sciences and Arts, SOMAC, and the Swedish Agency for Research Cooperation with Developing Countries, SAREC).

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  • 2. Arnaldi di Balme, Luigi
    et al.
    Lanzano, Cristiano
    Gouverner l'éphémère: Etude sur l’organisation technique et politique de deux sites d’orpaillage (Bantara et Gombélèdougou, Burkina Faso)2014Report (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Arnfred, Signe
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Re-thinking sexualities in Africa2004Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The volume brings together papers by African and Nordic/Scandinavian gender scholars and anthropologists, in attempts to investigate and critically discuss existing lines of thinking about sexuality in Africa, while at the same time creating space for alternative approaches. Issues of colonial and contemporary discourses on 'African sexuality' and on 'female genital mutilation' are being discussed, as well as issues of female agency and of feminists' engagement with HIV/AIDS. The volume contributes to contemporary efforts of re-thinking sexualities in the light of feminist, queer and postcolonial theory.

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  • 4.
    Benettsson, Holger
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Östafrikansk verklighetsuppfattning och människosyn1965Other (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    State-Building Project of Peace Building in the Horn of Africa2008In: Post Conflict Peace-Building in the Horn of Africa / [ed] Ulf Johansson Dahre, Lund: Lund University , 2008, first, p. 37-53Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 6.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Eritrean Diaspora: Myth and Reality2007In: The Role of Diasporas in Peace, Democracy and Development in the Horn of Africa / [ed] Ulf Johansson, Lund: Lund University , 2007, firstChapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 7.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Ethnic and Civic Basis of Citizenship in the Horn of Africa2009In: Faith, Citizenship, Democracy and Peace in the Horn of Africa / [ed] Sthlm Policy Group, Lund: Lund University , 2009, first, p. 131-148Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 8.
    Beshir, Mohamed Omer
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Diversity regionalism and national unity1979Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This research report is concerned with the irrelation between cultural diversity and continental and national unity.

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  • 9.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Between Labor Migration and Forced Displacement: Wartime Mobilities in the Burkina Faso-Côte d'Ivoire Transnational Space2016In: Conflict and society: Advances in research, ISSN 2164-4543, E-ISSN 2164-4551, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 52-67Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The significant number of involuntary returns of labor migrants to Burkina Faso is a relatively neglected aspect of the armed confl ict in Côte d’Ivoire. Between 500,000 and 1 million Burkinabe migrants were forced to leave Côte d’Ivoire between 2000 and 2007, placing tremendous pressure on local communities in Burkina Faso to receive and integrate these mass arrivals, and causing those returning labor migrants an acute sense of displacement. Th is article analyzes the experiences of displacement and resettlement in the context of the Ivorian crisis and explores the dialectics of displacement and emplacement in the lives of involuntary labor migrant returnees; their young adult children; and Burkinabe recruits returning aft er their service in the Forces Nouvelles rebel forces in Côte d’Ivoire.

  • 10.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi.
    Diaspora at Home?: Wartime Mobilities in the Burkina Faso-Côte d'Ivoire Transnational Space2013Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the period 1999-2007, more than half a million Burkinabe returned to Burkina Faso due to the persecution of immigrant labourers in neighbouring Côte d’Ivoire. Ultranationalist debates about the criteria for Ivorian citizenship had intensified during the 1990s and led to the scapegoating of immigrants in a political rhetoric centred on notions of autochthony and xenophobia. Having been actively encouraged to immigrate by the Ivorian state for generations, Burkinabe migrant labourers were now forced to leave their homes and livelihoods behind and return to a country they had left in their youth or, as second-generation immigrants in Côte d’Ivoire, had never seen.

    Based on 12 months of ethnographic fieldwork in Burkina Faso and Côte d’Ivoire, the thesis explores the narratives and everyday practices of returning labour migrants in Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso’s second-largest city, in order to understand the subjective experiences of displacement that the forced return to Burkina Faso engendered. The analysis questions the appropriateness of the very notion of “return” in this context and suggests that people’s senses of home are multiplex and tend to rely more on the ability to pursue active processes of emplacement in everyday life than on abstract notions of belonging, e.g. relating to citizenship or ethnicity.

    The study analyses intergenerational interactions within and across migrant families in the city and on transformations of intra-familial relations in the context of forced displace-ment. A particular emphasis is placed on the experiences of young adults who were born and raised in Côte d’Ivoire and arrived in Burkina Faso for the first time during the Ivorian crisis. These young men and women were received with scepticism in Burkina Faso because of their perceived “Ivorian” upbringing, language, and behaviour and were forced to face new forms of stigmatisation and exclusion. At the same time, young migrants were able to exploit their labelling as outsiders and turn their difference into an advantage in the competition for scarce employment opportunities and social connections.

  • 11.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Urban Dynamics.
    The ambivalence of neighbourhood in urban Burkina Faso2015In: Anthropology Southern Africa, ISSN 2332-3256, Vol. 38, no 3-4, p. 331-343Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 12.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    The politics of urban displacement and emplacement in Overcome Heights: a reply to ‘Surviving in Overcome Heights: living in and alongside crisis in Cape Town’ by Steffen Bo Jensen and Nanna Schneidermann2022In: Global Discourse: A Developmental Journal of Research in Politics and International Relations, ISSN 2326-9995, E-ISSN 2043-7897, Vol. 12, no 3-4, p. 611-615Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Erdman Vigh, Henrik
    University of Copenhagen.
    Introduction: The Dialectics of Displacement and Emplacement2016In: Conflict and society: Advances in research, ISSN 2164-4543, E-ISSN 2164-4551, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 9-15Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Wars unsettle our commonsense understandings of movement and mobility. Simultaneously entropic and inertial, they conjure up images of rampant disorder and chaos as well as strained and crippled formations locked in negative tension. On the one hand, detrimental movement; on the other, deadly stalemate. Both mobility and immobility are, as such, associated with the iconography of warfare and conflicts. They may be presented as out of time through pictures of empty streets, ruins, trenches, and dead bodies frozen in contorted positions, yet, conversely, some of the most archetypical images of war connote speed, flows, and movement, seen in images of troop advances or retreats, rows of traveling refugees, and hauls of humanitarian aid shipped or flown into airports and harbors from afar. In temporal terms, conflict and violence are oft en represented in the lethargy of decay or the entropy of aggression.

  • 14.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Utas, MatsUppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi.
    Urban Kinship: special issue of the journal Africa2018Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 15.
    Bjerhagen, Torbjörn
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Sävfors, Ingemar
    L'habitat traditionnel dans la république populaire du Congo: étude de trois villages1972Book (Other academic)
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  • 16.
    Bovin, Mette
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Nomads who cultivate beauty: wodaabe dances and visual arts in Niger2001Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Why do young men use mirrors and make-up more than girls? Why do the Wodaabe nomads of West Africa have beauty parades for men? Wodaabe's extraordinary and unique live performances are often misunderstood by outsiders. The book provides some answers about these aesthetic activities. One answer is courtship and "wife-stealing ceremonies" involving enemy clans, another is ethnic identity. Beauty and existence are linked. Wodaabe dances and visual arts are not "exotic" but are arenas for social action and identity politics in the largely agricultural society of the arid regions of Niger, Nigeria and Chad.

    The author describes Wodaabe cultural choices as "active archaisation". Different art forms are analysed in the light of identity construction by the Wodaabe. Their elaborate cultivation of beauty in make-up, tattoos, body paintings, calabash carvings, embroideries, and architecture all follow the principle of symmetry and order in the cosmos. The author emphasizes the gendered aspects of social life and identity construction and explores masculinity among nomadic Wodaabe men, who are living sculptures displaying their beauty as a spiritual act, full of honour and dignity.

    The book has many colour photographs and examples of Wodaabe art.

     

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  • 17.
    Brandström, Per
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Hultin, Jan
    Lindström, Jan
    Aspects of agro-pastoralism in East Africa1979Report (Other academic)
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  • 18.
    Broch-Due, Vigdis
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Domestication reconsidered: towards a new dialogue between women-oriented aid and feminist research1995Report (Other academic)
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  • 19.
    Broch-Due, Vigdis
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Poverty and prosperity: local and global perspectives1995Report (Other academic)
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  • 20.
    Broch-Due, Vigdis
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Poverty, conflict and gender: the politics of reconstruction and redistribution 1996-1999: final report2000Report (Other academic)
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  • 21.
    Broch-Due, Vigdis
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Poverty paradoxes: the economy of engendered needs1995Report (Other academic)
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  • 22.
    Broch-Due, Vigdis
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    The "poor" and the "primitive": discursive and social transformations1996Report (Other academic)
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  • 23.
    Bukh, Jette
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    The village woman in Ghana1979Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The difficult position of women in Ghanian society lies both in structures that are manifested through the policy of the state, and in factors that are specific for this society, having their origin in this traditional structure. The relinquishment by the peasants of control over their immediate situation has led to the loss of traditional techniques and distortion of social relations. Money rather than labour claims has become the medium of social interchange.

    A case study conducted in a village in Ghana is used to illustrate the position of women in a patriarchial society subjected to pressures from various directions. Changes in the traditional agriculture caused by the introduction of cocoa resulted in greater pressure on land used for food production. Together with overcopping and the destruction of forests by charcoal-burners, there has been a general impoverishment of land resources and a reduction of the nutritional value of the crops grown.

    In 1972 the role of women as food producers began to be recognised and the role of female extension officers has become more important. The disadvantageous position of women in agriculture and in coping with the exigencies of social life is emphasised. The analysis shows how a new type of woman-headed household has emerged. In relation to the male-head the womanhead is always in an inferior situation since she has to cope with subsistence responsibilities at the same time as her access to resources is poorer.

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  • 24.
    Christiansen, Catrine
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Utas, MatsThe Nordic Africa Institute.Vigh, Henrik E.
    Navigating youth, generating adulthood: social becoming in an African context2006Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This book focuses on the lives and experiences of young people in Africa. On agents who, willingly or unwillingly, see themselves as belonging to the socio-generational category of youth and the ways in which they seek to shape and unfold their lives in a positive manner. Rather than seeing youth as either a social or cultural entity in itself, or as a predefined life-stage, the book argues for an exploration of how youth position themselves and are positioned within generational categories. In studying young people, social scientists must conceptualise youth as both social being and social becoming; a position in movement. It is from the duality of being positioned and seeking one's own socio-generational position that this book engages in the debate on contemporary African youth.

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  • 25.
    Evers Rosander, Eva
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    In pursuit of paradise: Senegalese women, muridism and migration2015Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Muridism is a Sufi order which originated in Senegal, West Africa, at the end of the 19th century and is now in rapid expansion with the Senegalese emigrants around the world. Among the Murids the belief is strong that the founder Shaykh Amadou Bamba and his mother Mame Diarra Bousso can help them gain a better life on earth and entry into Paradise. The book gives an account of some Murid women the author has met in Senegal and on Tenerife. Their various paths of life are described with a focus on trade, religion and gender relations. In what ways do women's conditions of life differ from those of their own country? What do the women strive for? And how does Muridism influence their daily life in Senegal and in the diaspora?

    Eva Evers Rosander has been Associate Senior Researcher at the Nordic Africa Institute, Uppsala, Sweden, until 2014. She is Associate Professor at the Department of Social Anthropology, Stockholm University, and has done extensive anthropological fieldwork in Spain, Senegal and Morocco.

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  • 26.
    Frantz, Charles
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Pastoral societies, stratification, and national integration in Africa1975Report (Other academic)
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  • 27.
    Gausset, Quentin
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Whyte, MichaelBirch-Thomsen, Torben
    Beyond territory and scarcity: exploring conflicts over natural resource management2005Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The attainment of sound and sustainable environmental management is one of humanity's greatest challenges this century, particularly in Africa, which is still heavily dependent on the exploitation of natural and agricultural resources and is faced with rapid population growth. Yet, this challenge should not be reduced to Malthusian parameters and the simple question of population growth and failing resources.In this volume, ten anthropologists and geographers critically address traditionalMalthusian discourses in essays that attempt to move "beyond territory andscarcity" by:- Exploring alternatives to the strong natural determinism that reduces natural resource management to questions of territory and scarcity.- Presenting material and methodologies that explore the different contexts in which social and cultural values intervene, and discovering more than 'rational choice' in the agency of individuals.- Examining the relevance of the different conceptions of territory for the ways in which people manage, or attempt to manage, natural resources.- Placing their research within the framework of the developing discussion on policy and politics in natural resource management.

    The studies are drawn from a range of sub-Saharan African countries: Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ghana, Lesotho, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, and Sudan.

    CONTENT

    Introduction. Quentin Gausset and Michael Whyte

    Land and Labour: Agrarian Change in Post-retrenchment Lesotho. Christian Boehm

    Social Resilience in African Dryland Livelihoods: Deriving Lessons for Policy. Michael Mortimore

    The Making of an Environment: Ecological History of the Kapsiki/Higi of North Cameroon and North Eastern Nigeria. Walter van Beek and Sonja Avontuur

    Agro-pastoral Conflicts in the Tikar Plain (Adamawa, Cameroon). Quentin Gausset

    Transhumance, Tubes and Telephones: Drought Related Migration as a Process of Innovation. Kristine Juul

    Understanding Resource Management in Western Sudan: A Critical Look at New Institutional Economics. Leif Manger

    Within, and Beyond, Territories: A Comparison of Village Land Use Management and Livelihood Diversificationin Burkina Faso and Southwest Niger. Simon Batterbury

    Moving the Boundaries of Forest and Land Use History: The Case of Upper East Region in Northern Ghana. Andrew Wardell

    Transnational Dimensions to Environmental Resource Dynamics: Modes of Governance and Local Resource Management in Eastern DRC. James Fairhead

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  • 28.
    Geisler, Gisela
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Women and the remaking of politics in Southern Africa: negotiating autonomy, incorporation and representation2004Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    African women have a long history of political involvement. Yet, the fervour with which they participated in anti-colonial struggles and supported national liberation were not acknowledged after independence leaving them to fight for representation and personal liberation on other fronts. This study looks at women’s struggles in Southern Africa where the last ten years have seen the most pervasive success stories on the African continent. Tracing the history of women’s involvement in anti-colonial struggles and against apartheid, the book analyses post-colonial outcomes and examines the strategies employed by women’s movements to gain a foothold in politics. In this book, the author presents in depth analyses and women’s narratives of their experiences in political parties, in the national machinery for the advancement of women and in the autonomous women’s movements.

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  • 29.
    Gísli, Pálsson
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    From water to world-making: African models and arid lands1990Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The articles in this book attempt to illuminate the complex interactions between ecology and society in arid lands and the range of representations developed by africans - be they pastoralists, fishermen or farmers.

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  • 30. Hansen, Karen Tranberg
    et al.
    Vaa, Mariken
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Reconsidering informality: perspectives from urban Africa2004Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    This book brings together two bodies of research on urban Africa that have tended to be separate: Studies of urban land use and housing, and studies of work and livelihoods. Africa’s future will be to an increasing extent urban. Nevertheless, the inherited legal, institutional and financial arrangements for managing urban development are inadequate. The recent decades of neo-liberal political and economic reforms have increased social inequality across urban space. Access to employment, shelter and services is precarious for most urban residents. Extra-legal housing and unregistered economic activities proliferate. Basic urban services are increasingly provided informally. The result is the phenomenal growth of the informal city and extra-legal activities. How do urban residents see these activities? What do they accomplish through them? How can these “informal” cities be governed?

    The case studies are drawn from a diverse set of cities on the African continent. A central theme is how practices that from an official standpoint are illegal or extra-legal do not only work but are considered legitimate by the actors concerned. Another is how the informal city is not exclusively the domain of the poor, but also provides shelter and livelihoods for better-off segments of the urban population.

     

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  • 31.
    Haram, Liv
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Yamba, C. Bawa
    Dealing with uncertainty in contemporary African lives2009Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The articles in ‘Dealing with Uncertainty in Contemporary African Lives’ are based largely on work in Tanzania which has been spared much of the turmoil that elsewhere has uprooted populations and destroyed communities. Nevertheless they illuminate phenomena common throughout sub-Saharan Africa as modernity in its many guises undercuts old certainties, outmodes established knowledge of how to order life and deal with crises, introduces new hazards, and frustrates ambition and expectations. But as the editors, Haram and Yamba, point out, uncertainty and insecurity have a positive side, providing the basis for ‘curiosity and exploration’. The case studies demonstrate both the increasing uncertainty and insecurity of life in contemporary Africa and the ways that people respond, including warding off and reaching out. Scapegoats are sought. Witch beliefs become elaborated as explanations of failures and malaise while witchfinding becomes a lucrative profession. Pentecostal or other fundamentalist churches burgeon as they assure people that life has meaning and better times are before them if only they believe. Suicide and insanity are other possible responses. All in all, a thought-provoking volume. Elizabeth Colson, Professor Emeritus, University of California, Berkeley

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  • 32.
    Hjort af Ornäs, Anders
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Land management and survival1985Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This volume presents the papers read at the workshop arranged by the Scandinavian Institute od african Studies, in March 1985, with the theme "Land management and survival". The purpose of the workshop was to initiate an exchange of views over problems of interpretation. Two disciplinary perspectives were exchanged: one focussing on land, its uses and management, and the other one on people, their resources and lives.

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  • 33.
    Hjort af Ornäs, Anders
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Dahl, Gudrun
    Responsible man: the Atmaan Beja of north-eastern Sudan1991Book (Other academic)
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  • 34.
    Härd, Berit
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Tjänarinnan: kvinna i Sudan1978Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Amna, Kvinna i Sudan, bestämmer ingenting själv. Det är hennes man som fattar alla beslut både för henne och familjen. Och det inte mannen bestämmer i hennes liv avgör djuren, vädret och den muhammedanska religionen. Amna är en av de många kvinnor, som lever ett nomadiserande liv i oändliga halvöknar.

    Berit Härd ger i den här boken en närbild av en kvinna från kababish-nomaderna och en inblick i hennes vardag.

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    Ladda ner boken här.
  • 35.
    Jacobson-Widding, Anita
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Staden och jorden: några problem i samband med urbanisering och social förändring bland jordbrukande folk i det tropiska Afrika1972Book (Other academic)
  • 36.
    Jacobson-Widding, Anita
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Bergman, Peter
    Försörjerskan: kvinna i Kongo1977Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 37.
    Jacobson-Widding, Anita
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Bergman, Peter
    Försörjerskan: kvinna i Kongo1983Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Download full text (pdf)
    Ladda ner boken här.
  • 38.
    Jerman, Helena
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Between five lines: the development of ethnicity in Tanzania with special reference to the western Bagamoyo District1997Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The research area of this study was once the focal point of colonial penetration in East Africa. The author traces evolution of ethnicity from the 15th century until the post-colonial period. She argues that ethnic group identification is used as a self-referent. People's perception of the present is a reflection of the colonial practice of dividing people into tribes. Yet, villagers in the Bagamoyo District stress commonality - another dimension of ethnic consciousness.

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  • 39.
    Lanzano, Cristiano
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Agrarian Change, Property and Resources.
    Bois sacrés ou aires protégées?: Sacralisation des espaces forestiers et savoirs locaux dans un village komono (Burkina Faso)2015In: Savoirs et reconnaissance dans les sociétés africaines / [ed] Pascale Moity-Maïzi, Paris: Karthala, 2015, p. 181-206Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 40.
    Lanzano, Cristiano
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Book Review: D'Angelo, Lorenzo. 2019. Diamanti. Pratiche e stereotipi dell'estrazione mineraria in Sierra Leone [Diamonds. Mineral Practices and Stereotypes in Sierra Leone]. Milan: Meltemi. 180 pp. Pb: €16.00. ISBN: 9788883539732.2022In: Social Anthropology, ISSN 0964-0282, E-ISSN 1469-8676, Vol. 30, no 4, p. 152-154Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 41.
    Lanzano, Cristiano
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Coyle Rosen Lauren. — Fires of Gold. Law, Spirit, and Sacrificial Labor in Ghana2022In: Cahiers d'Etudes Africaines, ISSN 0008-0055, E-ISSN 1777-5353, no 245-246, p. 390-394Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 42.
    Lanzano, Cristiano
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Gold digging and the politics of time: changing timescapes of artisanal mining in West Africa2018In: The Extractive Industries and Society, ISSN 2214-790X, E-ISSN 2214-7918, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 253-259Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 43.
    Lanzano, Cristiano
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Guinea Conakry and Burkina Faso: Innovations at the Periphery2020In: Global Gold Production Touching Ground: Expansion, Informalization, and Technological Innovation / [ed] Boris Verbrugge and Sara Geenen, Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2020, p. 245-262Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 44.
    Lanzano, Cristiano
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Hybrid Governance in an Impermanent Mining Settlement in Burkina Faso2022In: Power and Informality in Urban Africa: Ethnographic Perspectives / [ed] Laura Stark and Annika Björnsdotter Teppo, London: Zed Books, 2022, p. 23-54Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 45.
    Lanzano, Cristiano
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Sustainability2022In: The Anthropology of Resource Extraction / [ed] Lorenzo D'Angelo & Robert Jan Pijpers, London: Routledge, 2022, p. 149-166Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 46.
    Lanzano, Cristiano
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Arnaldi di Balme, Luigi
    Institute for Social Research in Africa (IFSRA), Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.
    Des "puits burkinabè" en Haute Guinée: processus et enjeux de la circulation de savoirs techniques dans le secteur minier artisanal2017In: Autrepart, ISSN 1278-3986, E-ISSN 2109-9561, Vol. 82, no 2, p. 87-108Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 47.
    Lanzano, Cristiano
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Arnaldi di Balme, Luigi
    IFSRA, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.
    Who owns the mud?: Valuable leftovers, sociotechnical innovation and changing relations of production in artisanal gold mining (Burkina Faso)2021In: Journal of Agrarian Change, ISSN 1471-0358, E-ISSN 1471-0366, Vol. 21, no 3, p. 433-458Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The expansion of artisanal gold mining has contributed to agrarian change in most of the global South—including West Africa: the sector offers interesting examples of technological and socio‐economic change, reflecting broader dynamics in the political economy of mining. In this article, we rely on our multisited ethnography to show how innovations in gold processing—particularly, the shift from mercury‐based to cyanide‐based techniques—reconfigured power relations and organizational patterns in the artisanal mining sector in Burkina Faso. We show that, in the context of structural transformations and pressure from powerful actors, the mechanisms of value creation, the definition of property rights and the relations of production remained open for negotiation and redefinition. Bringing attention to new scenarios opened by the shift to cyanide for processing gold—a transformative factor in many gold mining areas across the world—our analysis contributes to a broader reflection on the nexus between the trajectories of sociotechnical innovation and the ongoing power struggles in the informal economies of resource extraction.

  • 48.
    Lanzano, Cristiano
    et al.
    University of Turin, Italy.
    Migliardi, Agnese
    University of Padova, Italy.
    Navarra, Cecilia
    CRED, Université de Namur, Belgique.
    International aid and gendered roles in agricultural value chains: some reflections from a rural development program in Northern Senegal2014In: Journal of Universities and international development Cooperation, ISSN 2531-8772, Vol. 1, p. 671-679Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Overcoming the gender gap in agriculture is nowadays one of the focal points of major international institutions, governments and development agencies. In this paper, we discuss some effects of international aid in rural contexts on gender dynamics and women’s empowerment. Through the analysis of some small-scale projects in Northern Senegal – implemented within a wide rural development aid program in West Africa - we develop some reflections on the observed women-oriented projects: we stress the risk that women end up being “locked” into pre-defined roles, namely in small-scale food processing activities, by a standardized logic of aid projects. We develop an analysis of the practices that may lead to this outcome and of the characteristics of such “women roles” in value chains. We discuss this observation in the light of the gendered division of tasks in primary products value chains and of the literature on the integration of “gender” in development thinking. By means of this analysis, we draw some reflections on the discrepancy between explicit empowerment goals and unintended outcomes of aid.

  • 49.
    Lanzano, Cristiano
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Navarra, Cecilia
    Vallino, Elena
    Interdisciplinarity and the future of development studies after the 2019 Nobel Prize in economics2021In: Anthropologie et développement, ISSN 2553-1719, Vol. Hors-série, p. 315-329Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The 2019 Nobel prize for Economics consecrated A. Banerjee, E. Duflo and M. Kremer’s hegemony on development economics. The emphasis they put on field experiments and randomized control trials (RCTs) matched the emphasis on evidence-based policies and on evaluation that dominated the development sector in the same years. Here, we take inspiration from the debates generated by the 2019 Nobel prize to reflect on the future of development studies. While the empirical stance of these economists could have encouraged interdisciplinary collaboration, their experimental approach has tended to marginalize competing approaches and methods – namely, those who characterize anthropology and other qualitative social sciences. This has reinforced “imperialistic” tendencies in the discipline of economics, which can only be compensated through a renewed commitment to pluralism across the field of development studies.

  • 50.
    Larsen, Kjersti
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Knowledge, renewal and religion: repositioning and changing ideological and material circumstances among the Swahili on the East African coast2009Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the past decades religion has entered the political debate and is evoked in relation to a variety of events taking place around the world. Religion and religious differences, not political, economic or social, are claimed to be the cause rather than an expression of – or even a reaction to – ongoing problems. Islam and Christianity (or also Islam and Hinduism) are, in most cases, represented not only as opposed, but also as incommensurable worldviews, value systems and identities, where the one is threatening the existence of the other. Among the Swahili on the East-African Coast, this trend provokes questions related to whether we should approach what appear to be expressions of religious positioning in terms of renewal of previous understandings and relationships, or as a rephrasing of complex and conflictual matters that were always part of Swahili society. The papers in this book reveal that the Swahili are experiencing worsening economic, political and social conditions. Within these circumstances, Islam is invoked as a source of knowledge that not only explains the current state of life and living, but also gives directions on how to cope with and to change the situation for the better. Islam is both what reinforces Swahili identity and a particular way of life, and at the same time, given the current international climate, further marginalizes Swahili society and culture.

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