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  • 1.
    Akinola, Adeoye O.
    et al.
    Institute for Pan-African Thought and Conversation (IPATC), University of Johannesburg, South Africa..
    Bjarnesen, JesperThe Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Worlds Apart?: Perspectives on Africa-EU Migration2022Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 2.
    Aning, Kwesi
    et al.
    Faculty of Academic Affairs and Research (FAAR), Kofi Annan International Peacekeeping Training Centre, Accra, Ghana.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Ecowas' dilemma: balancing principles and pragmatism : West Africa's regional bloc faces disintegration after failed sanctions against military regimes2024Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The decision by Mali, Burkina Faso and Niger to leave Ecowas reflects the bloc’s failure to address security and humanitarian issues in the subregion. It is also a result of people losing faith in Ecowas’ leadership after years of complacency and inconsistency in championing its democratic principles. Pragmatic dialogue with the member states currently run by military regimes will be crucial if regional collaboration is to be revived. And defending democratic values will be crucial if civilian rule and popular trust are to be restored.

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  • 3.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    Uppsala universitet, Kulturantropologiska avdelningen.
    A Mobile Life Story: Tracing Hopefulness in the Life and Dreams of a Young Ivorian Migrant2009In: Migration Letters, ISSN 1741-8984, E-ISSN 1741-8992, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 119-129Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 4.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    A mobile life story: tracing hopefulness in the life and dreams of a young Ivorian migrant2019In: Reader in Qualitative Methods in Migration Research / [ed] Ibrahim Sirkeci, Theodoros Iosifides, Carla DeTona, Annalisa Frisina, London: Transnational Press London , 2019, p. 129-138Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The analysis suggests an adaptation of the life history interview as a method in qualitative migration studies. By joining four analytical concepts into an overall methodological framework, the mobile life story is intended to guide the exploration of the subjective experiences of migrants at various stages of a migrant trajectory. The notion of ‘mobility’ evokes a holistic orientation in the study of migrant biographies; the unpredictability that characterises the social practice of migrants is captured through the concept of ‘hopefulness’; the concept of ‘vital conjunctures’ is argued to provide a temporal delimitation and a focus for the organising of a life history interview; and the spatial dimension of the methodology is delimited through the concept of ‘emplacement’. As opposed to a migration history, the mobile life story explores the significant transformations that have characterised the migrant’s past and relates these defining moments to the broader migration history.

  • 5.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Africa–EU migration: Worlds apart?2022In: Worlds Apart?: Perspectives on Africa-EU Migration / [ed] Adeoye O. Akinola and Jesper Bjarnesen, Sunnyside: Fanele , 2022, p. 23-45Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 6.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Aligning European migration policies with African priorities: policy advice on African migration for Nordic decision makers2023Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Bridging European and African perspectives on migration governance will result in more sustainable migration policies. Under Sweden's EU presidency, Nordic decision makers have an opportunity to lead the way. They should adopt a holistic and long-term approach, informed by a research-based understanding of the dynamics of African migration that takes the aspirations of African migrants and the perspectives of policymakers more seriously.

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  • 7.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    Uppsala universitet, Kulturantropologiska avdelningen.
    Att döda för att leva?: Unga kombattanter i gränslandet mellan Burkina Faso och Elfenbenskusten2014In: Resurser och politik i Afrika / [ed] Sten Hagberg & Gabriella Körling, Stockholm: Svenska Sällskapet för Antropologi och Geografi , 2014, p. 107-126Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Back in Youth: Social Unbecoming in the Study of West African Masculinities2023In: Africa Spectrum, ISSN 0002-0397, E-ISSN 1868-6869, Vol. 58, no 3, p. 247-266Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    African youth became a central research theme in anthropology and related disciplines in the early 2000s, drawing renewed attention to the lives and aspirations of a segment of the continent's population that, since the independence era, has become increasingly demographically dominant but socially and politically marginalised. Reflecting on an extended case study of male ex-combatants in urban Burkina Faso, this paper offers a critical reading of the anthropological scholarship on African youth, emphasising, first, that much of this literature is most usefully read as studies of diverse (West) African masculinities and, second, that the literature has underplayed the extent to which achievements of social progression tend to be acutely reversible in contexts of precarity or radical social change, throwing the unfortunate, as it were, back in youth.

  • 9.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Between Labor Migration and Forced Displacement: Wartime Mobilities in the Burkina Faso-Côte d'Ivoire Transnational Space2016In: Conflict and society: Advances in research, ISSN 2164-4543, E-ISSN 2164-4551, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 52-67Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The significant number of involuntary returns of labor migrants to Burkina Faso is a relatively neglected aspect of the armed confl ict in Côte d’Ivoire. Between 500,000 and 1 million Burkinabe migrants were forced to leave Côte d’Ivoire between 2000 and 2007, placing tremendous pressure on local communities in Burkina Faso to receive and integrate these mass arrivals, and causing those returning labor migrants an acute sense of displacement. Th is article analyzes the experiences of displacement and resettlement in the context of the Ivorian crisis and explores the dialectics of displacement and emplacement in the lives of involuntary labor migrant returnees; their young adult children; and Burkinabe recruits returning aft er their service in the Forces Nouvelles rebel forces in Côte d’Ivoire.

  • 10.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Book Review: African Football Migration2023In: The international migration review, ISSN 0197-9183, E-ISSN 1747-7379Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Book Review: Childhood Deployed: Remaking Child Soldiers in Sierra Leone by Susan Shepler. New York University Press, 2014. xiv + 223 pages $89 (hardcover), $26 (paper), ISBN 978-0-8147-7025-2.2017In: Journal on Education in Emergencies, ISSN 2518-6833, Vol. 3, no 1, p. 129-131Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Cross-border perpetrator recruitment in the Ivorian civil war: The motivations and experiences of young Burkinabe men in the Forces Nouvelles rebel movement2018In: Perpetrators and perpetration of mass violence: Actions, motivations and dynamics / [ed] Timothy Williams and Susanne Buckley-Zistel, Abingdon, Oxon ; New York, NY: Routledge, 2018, p. 169-186Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 13.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Côte d'Ivoire2018In: Africa Yearbook: Politics, Economy and Society South of the Sahara in 2017 / [ed] Jon Abbink, Victor Adetula, Andreas Mehler and Henning Melber, Leiden: Brill , 2018, p. 70-78Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Côte d'Ivoire2019In: Africa Yearbook: Politics, Economy and Society South of the Sahara in 2018 / [ed] Victor Adetula, Benedikt Kamski, Andreas Mehler and Henning Melber, Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2019, p. 69-77Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Côte d'Ivoire2020In: Africa Yearbook Volume 16: Politics, Economy and Society South of the Sahara in 2019 / [ed] Albert K. Awedoba, Benedikt Kamski, Andreas Mehler, David Sebudubudu, Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2020, p. 72-81Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Côte d'Ivoire2022In: Africa Yearbook 17: Politics, economy and society south of the Sahara in 2020 / [ed] Albert Awedoba, Benedikt Kamski, Andreas Mehler and David Sebudubudu, Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2022, p. 74-82Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Côte d'Ivoire2022In: Africa Yearbook Volume 18: Politics, Economy and Society South of the Sahara in 2021 / [ed] Albert K. Awedoba, Benedikt Kamski, Andreas Mehler, and David Sebudubudu, Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2022, p. 72-81Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter describes domestic politics, foreign policy and socioeconomic developments in Côte d’Ivoire during 2021. Following the turbulent electoral year of 2020, which had also posed the challenges of mitigating the effects of the global COVID-19 pandemic, the year 2021 is characterised as marked by political appeasement and socio-economic recovery. Politically, the most significant event was the legislative and Parliamentary election, which turned out to be much less fraught than the 2020 presidential vote. Nevertheless, an unforeseen government reshuffling and the emergence of a new alliance within the opposition suggested the new fault lines in Ivorian politics moving forward.

  • 18.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Côte d'Ivoire2023In: Africa Yearbook Volume 19: Politics, Economy and Society South of the Sahara in 2022 / [ed] Seidu M. Alidu, Benedikt Kamski, Andreas Mehler and David Sebudubudu, Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2023, p. 74-84Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi.
    Diaspora at Home?: Wartime Mobilities in the Burkina Faso-Côte d'Ivoire Transnational Space2013Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the period 1999-2007, more than half a million Burkinabe returned to Burkina Faso due to the persecution of immigrant labourers in neighbouring Côte d’Ivoire. Ultranationalist debates about the criteria for Ivorian citizenship had intensified during the 1990s and led to the scapegoating of immigrants in a political rhetoric centred on notions of autochthony and xenophobia. Having been actively encouraged to immigrate by the Ivorian state for generations, Burkinabe migrant labourers were now forced to leave their homes and livelihoods behind and return to a country they had left in their youth or, as second-generation immigrants in Côte d’Ivoire, had never seen.

    Based on 12 months of ethnographic fieldwork in Burkina Faso and Côte d’Ivoire, the thesis explores the narratives and everyday practices of returning labour migrants in Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso’s second-largest city, in order to understand the subjective experiences of displacement that the forced return to Burkina Faso engendered. The analysis questions the appropriateness of the very notion of “return” in this context and suggests that people’s senses of home are multiplex and tend to rely more on the ability to pursue active processes of emplacement in everyday life than on abstract notions of belonging, e.g. relating to citizenship or ethnicity.

    The study analyses intergenerational interactions within and across migrant families in the city and on transformations of intra-familial relations in the context of forced displace-ment. A particular emphasis is placed on the experiences of young adults who were born and raised in Côte d’Ivoire and arrived in Burkina Faso for the first time during the Ivorian crisis. These young men and women were received with scepticism in Burkina Faso because of their perceived “Ivorian” upbringing, language, and behaviour and were forced to face new forms of stigmatisation and exclusion. At the same time, young migrants were able to exploit their labelling as outsiders and turn their difference into an advantage in the competition for scarce employment opportunities and social connections.

  • 20.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Ghassan Hage. 2015. Alter‐politics. Critical anthropology and the radical imagination. Melbourne: Melbourne University Press. 241 pp. Pb.: US$59.99. ISBN: 9780522867381.2017In: Social Anthropology, ISSN 0964-0282, E-ISSN 1469-8676, Vol. 25, no 1, p. 115-117Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    Uppsala universitet, Kulturantropologiska avdelningen.
    Informal Regimes of (In)Security in Guinea-Conakry: An Assessment of the Workings of Elite Networks and their Big Men in View of the Military Takeover of December 20082010Report (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    John Thabiti Willis, Masquerading Politics: kinship, gender, and ethnicity in aYoruba town. Bloomington IN: Indiana University Press (hb US$85 – 978 0253 03144 0; pb US$35 – 978 0 253 03146 4). 2017, xiii + 198 pp.2019In: Africa, ISSN 0001-9720, E-ISSN 1750-0184, Vol. 89, no 2, p. 422-423Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Maybritt Jill Alpes. 2017. Brokering high‐risk migration and illegality in West Africa. Abroad at any cost. London/New York: Routledge. 234 pp. Hb.: £110. ISBN: 9781472441119.2018In: Social Anthropology, ISSN 0964-0282, E-ISSN 1469-8676, Vol. 26, no 4, p. 575-576Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 24.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    Uppsala universitet, Kulturantropologiska avdelningen.
    Om håbefuldhed og håbløshed i Korhogo2010In: Jordens Folk, ISSN 0021-7484, no 1, p. 5-11Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Migration, mobility and transnational relations.
    Rethinking the Mediterranean crisis: advice for policy makers facing a humanitarian catastrophe2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Create legal entry points into the EU and start recruiting labour through EU embassies in Africa. But don’t forget to take into account the individual aspirations and capabilities of the migrants. Here are some recommendations for policy makers seeking a solution to the Mediterranean crisis.

    • The significant proportion of migrants from Sub-Saharan Africa must be taken into account when seeking solution to the Mediterranean crisis
    • Interventions should prioritise long-term solutions that take the aspirations and capabilities of migrants and refugees into account
    • Creation of legal entry points into the EU should be a central priority, in order to remove the incentive for future migrants to risk their lives at sea
    • Active recruitment of labour through EU embassies in Africa would further reduce the incentive to pursue illegal means of entering Europe.
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  • 26.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Shifting the narrative on African migration: the numbers, the root causes, the alternatives – get them right!2020Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall message of this policy note is that negative public opinion in Europe is a major obstacle to holistic and sustainable policies relating to African migration. It argues for a shift in wording and perspective away from politicised opinions about immigration, or misplaced ideas of humanitarian responsibilities, towards a more constructive and pragmatic focus on labour migration management.

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  • 27.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    The Nordic Africa Institute, African International Links.
    Social Branding in Urban Burkina Faso2014In: Nordic Journal of African Studies, ISSN 1235-4481, E-ISSN 1459-9465, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 83-99Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the past decade Diaspo youths – second generation immigrants in Côte d’Ivoire who were forced to migrate to their parents’ country of origin, Burkina Faso, during the Ivorian civil war– have become a visible presence in Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso’s second largest city. By consciously displaying their Ivorian origins, they have provoked both the admiration and resentment of local youths, whose ambivalence towards the outspoken and colourful newcomers stems from Côte d’Ivoire’s central role as a destination for Burkinabé labour migrants since the colonial period. Regardless of this animosity, Diaspo youth culture has made its mark on the city.

    This paper explores the response of Diaspo youths to their social stigmatisation and argues that their claims to recognition and access may be understood as a process of social branding. It may be seen as a self-aware performance of otherness, intended to evoke a collective identity that is mediated through a specific set of aesthetics to a well-defined audience.

  • 28.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Urban Dynamics.
    The ambivalence of neighbourhood in urban Burkina Faso2015In: Anthropology Southern Africa, ISSN 2332-3256, Vol. 38, no 3-4, p. 331-343Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 29.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    The paradoxes of migrant in/visibility: understanding displacement intersectionalities in Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso2020In: Invisibility in African displacements: from structural marginalization to strategies of avoidance / [ed] Jesper Bjarnesen and Simon Turner, London ; Uppsala: Zed Books ; Nordiska Afrikainstitutet , 2020, p. 236-251Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 30.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    The Politics of Inclusion and Exclusion in Urban Burkina Faso2018In: What Politics?: Youth and Political engagement in Africa / [ed] Elina Oinas, Henri Onodera and Leena Suurpää, Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2018, p. 123-140Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 31.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    The politics of urban displacement and emplacement in Overcome Heights: a reply to ‘Surviving in Overcome Heights: living in and alongside crisis in Cape Town’ by Steffen Bo Jensen and Nanna Schneidermann2022In: Global Discourse: A Developmental Journal of Research in Politics and International Relations, ISSN 2326-9995, E-ISSN 2043-7897, Vol. 12, no 3-4, p. 611-615Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    THE POWER OF IMPENDING ZONING: Governance through Inaction in a Secondary City in Burkina Faso2023In: International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, ISSN 0309-1317, E-ISSN 1468-2427, Vol. 47, no 1, p. 39-53Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A comprehensive zoning plan has been under way for more than a decade for an urban informal settlement in Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso. In this article I explore the narratives and strategies of its residents in response to the impending restructuring, suggesting that the continual postponements of the zoning plan's implementation may be understood as constituting an elusive form of urban governance that relegates strategies of both resistance and accommodation to formal governance to the sphere of micro-politics at the level of the neighbourhood. Urban governance is thus approached here neither as a set of formal policies nor through the day-to-day workings of the state bureaucracy, but as a much less tangible form of urban governance that is best studied through its perceivable effects instead of its stated intentions or institutionalized techniques. In the relative absence of the state in the everyday lives of urban residents, the main effects of the workings of the state bureaucracy in this context seem to be to discourage citizen involvement and to slow official procedures to a halt. I argue that the force with which impending evictions and yet-to-be-implemented urban zoning shape residents’ outlook and opportunities for negotiation and mobilization constitutes a form of governance through inaction.

  • 33. Bjarnesen, Jesper
    The Precarity of Masculinity. Football,Pentecostalism, and Transnational Aspirations in Cameroon: by Uroš Kovač, Oxford & New York, Berghahn, 2022, 220 pp., $135.00/£99.00(hardback), ISBN 978-1-78920-927-3; $34.95/£27.95 (paperback, forthcomingJune 2024), ISBN: 978-1-80539-330-62024In: Ethnos, ISSN 0014-1844, E-ISSN 1469-588XArticle, book review (Other academic)
  • 34.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    The root causes of African migration to Europe: a European perspective2022In: Worlds Apart?: Perspectives on Africa-EU Migration / [ed] Adeoye O. Akinola and Jesper Bjarnesen, Sunnyside: Fanele , 2022, p. 339-367Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 35.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Zouglou Music and Youth in Urban Burkina Faso: Displacement and the Social Performance of Hope2017In: Hope and Uncertainty in Contemporary African Migration / [ed] Nauja Kleist and Dorte Thorsen, New York: Routledge, 2017, p. 58-75Chapter in book (Refereed)
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  • 36.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Bisong, Amanda
    European Centre for Development Policy Management (ECDPM), Maastricht, The Netherlands; The Faculty of Law, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
    Africa without Borders2023In: Routledge Handbook of Contemporary African Migration / [ed] Daniel Makina and Dominic Pasura, London: Routledge, 2023, p. 329-345Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During the past decade, Euro-African relations have once more revolved around borders, now in relation to irregular African migration towards Europe and the ensuing efforts by European powers to impose increasingly invasive policing of African state borders. African leaders and activists, in response, have reemphasised the centrality of free movement and exchange as core values of African unity and regionalisation. In light of this renewed struggle over the role and significance of African borders, this chapter offers a reflection on the notion of an Africa without borders as an alternative perspective on some of these current debates with particular attention to policies and practices relating to the free movement of persons. We take the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) as a main point of reference, given its historical commitment to the principle and implementation of free movement within the subregion. Our closing reflection suggests that, more than any political or epistemological differences, the discrepancies between principle and practice in the management of African borders should be a key field of investigation and analysis.

  • 37.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Boulton, Jack
    Institut für Ethnologie, Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg, Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany.
    Kovač, Uroš
    Faculty of Religion, Culture and Society, University of Groningen, The Netherlands.
    Mbah, Ndubueze
    Department of History, The State University of New York, Buffalo, New York, USA.
    Whitehouse, Bruce
    Department of Sociology & Anthropology, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, USA.
    Wyrod, Robert
    Department of Women and Gender Studies, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado, USA.
    Of Masks and Masculinities in Africa2023In: Africa Spectrum, ISSN 0002-0397, E-ISSN 1868-6869, Vol. 58, no 3, p. 191-200Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Contemporary forms of precarity, migration, connectivity, and sociality have transformed what it means to be a man in many African communities. Responding with agency and creativity to various incentives and constraints, Africans have adapted practices pertaining to labour, marriage, and sexuality to the exigencies of modern life amid the impacts of European colonialism, rapid urban growth, economic hardship, and political conflict. Drawing upon ethnographic and historical research to study settings in East, West, and Southern Africa, the articles in this special issue review the social changes that have taken place regarding men's roles and assess prospects for the emergence of counter-hegemonic masculinities.

  • 38.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Erdman Vigh, Henrik
    University of Copenhagen.
    Introduction: The Dialectics of Displacement and Emplacement2016In: Conflict and society: Advances in research, ISSN 2164-4543, E-ISSN 2164-4551, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 9-15Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Wars unsettle our commonsense understandings of movement and mobility. Simultaneously entropic and inertial, they conjure up images of rampant disorder and chaos as well as strained and crippled formations locked in negative tension. On the one hand, detrimental movement; on the other, deadly stalemate. Both mobility and immobility are, as such, associated with the iconography of warfare and conflicts. They may be presented as out of time through pictures of empty streets, ruins, trenches, and dead bodies frozen in contorted positions, yet, conversely, some of the most archetypical images of war connote speed, flows, and movement, seen in images of troop advances or retreats, rows of traveling refugees, and hauls of humanitarian aid shipped or flown into airports and harbors from afar. In temporal terms, conflict and violence are oft en represented in the lethargy of decay or the entropy of aggression.

  • 39.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Lanzano, Cristiano
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Agrarian Change, Property and Resources.
    Burkina Faso's one-week coup and its implications for free and fair elections2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the upcoming elections in Burkina Faso, there’s a need for a clear democratic break with the three decades of de facto one-party rule. At the same time, a moderate approach is needed in dealing with the controversial legacy of the former regime, to avoid further polarisation in an already fraught political situation. These are the recommendations of Jesper Bjarnesen and Cristiano Lanzano, senior researchers at the Nordic Africa Institute, in a policy note on Burkina Faso’s one-week coup and its implications for free and fair elections.

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  • 40.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Söderberg Kovacs, Mimmi
    Folke Bernadotteakademin.
    Conclusion: Beyond Democracy and Big Man Politics2018In: Violence in African elections: Between democracy and Big Man politics / [ed] Mimmi Söderberg Kovacs and Jesper Bjarnesen, London ; Uppsala: Zed Books ; Nordiska Afrikainstitutet , 2018, p. 250-262Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 41.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Söderberg Kovacs, Mimmi
    Folke Bernadotteakademin.
    Violence in African elections2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The benefits of winning elections, and the disadvantages of losing them, must be reduced to avoid the violence that a winner-takes-all situation can trigger. Election observers should pay more attention to subtle forms of violence, intra-party tensions and incumbents playing the security card to justify increased use of force. This policy note considers how to curb the increase of violence in African elections.

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  • 42.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Turner, Simon
    Centre for Advanced Migration Studies, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Introduction: the production of invisibility in African displacements2020In: Invisibility in African displacements: from structural marginalization to strategies of avoidance / [ed] Jesper Bjarnesen and Simon Turner, London ; Uppsala: Zed Books ; Nordiska Afrikainstitutet , 2020, p. 1-15Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 43.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Turner, SimonCentre for Advanced Migration Studies, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Invisibility in African displacements: from structural marginalization to strategies of avoidance2020Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    African migrants have become increasingly demonised in public debate and political rhetoric. There is much speculation about the incentives and trajectories of Africans on the move, and often these speculations are implicitly or overtly geared towards discouraging and policing their movements. What is rarely understood or scrutinised however, are the intricate ways in which African migrants are marginalised and excluded from public discourse; not only in Europe but in migrant-receiving contexts across the globe.

    Invisibility in African Displacements offers a series of case studies that explore these dynamics. What tends to be either ignored or demonised in public debates on African migration are the deliberate strategies of avoidance or assimilation that migrants make use of to gain access to the destinations or opportunities they seek, or to remain below the radar of restrictive governance regimes.

    This books offers fine-grained analysis of the ways in which African migrants negotiate structural and strategic invisibilities, adding innovative approaches to our understanding of both migrant vulnerabilities and resilience.

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  • 44.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Utas, Mats
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology.
    Introduction Urban kinship: the micro-politics of proximity andrelatedness in African cities2018In: Africa, ISSN 0001-9720, Vol. 88, no S1, p. S1-S11Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    African cities have long been perceived as emblematic of the vibrancy and contradictions that characterize public spheres in an African context – from breathtaking monuments of wealth and oppression to overwhelming destitution and despair; from vibrant market places and artistic expression to dilapidated infrastructures and rampant criminality. Through depictions of the hectic pace of different forms of movement – from the inner-city traffic that seems to be buzzing even in the midst of a complete standstill to public protests and food riots – African cities become lenses through which social and political life is assessed and synthesized; a canvas on which national politics and global inequalities are laid bare, for all to see. Indeed, the visual has long been the preferred prism for documenting and evoking the dynamism and decay of urban Africa. Many of these dualities hold some truths but have also contained the enduring simplifications of prejudice and exoticization. The ‘urban jungle’ is easily seen as the continent’s true Heart of Darkness; a pre-conceptualized dystopia (Robinson 2010); a micro-cosmos of the most frightening and fascinating facets of primitive humanity. This special issue challenges such simplifications by emphasizing everyday sociality, and by giving priority to the narratives and practices of urban residents themselves.

  • 45.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Utas, MatsUppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi.
    Urban Kinship: special issue of the journal Africa2018Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 46.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    van Baalen, Sebastian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research..
    Democratic backsliding in Côte d'Ivoire: legislative elections tighten Ouattara's grip on power2021Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The ruling RHDP's victory in legislative elections in March 2021 has tightened incumbent President Alassane Ouattara's grip on political power in Côte d'Ivoire. Though Ouattara has taken a conciliatory stance towards the opposition since his re-election, his control of political institutions, low voter turnout, electoral violence and the president’s international status heighten the risk of further democratic backsliding in Côte d'Ivoire.

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  • 47.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    van Baalen, Sebastian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Ouattara's third-term bid raises old fears: risk of violence in Côte d'Ivoire's upcoming presidential elections2020Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The unexpected death this summer of the front-runner in the upcoming elections and incumbent President Ouattara’s contested move to run for a third term in office have increased the risk of electoral violence in the ethnically divided Côte d’Ivoire. The threat of a return to armed conflict, as we saw after the 2010 elections, should not be excluded.

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  • 48. Jensen, Steffen
    et al.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    Introduction: Violence and urban politics2014In: Claiming the City: Civil Society Mobilisation by the Urban Poor / [ed] Heidi Moksnes and Mia Melin, Uppsala: Uppsala University , 2014, p. 163-171Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 49.
    Kleist, Nauja
    et al.
    Danish Institute for International Studies, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Mediating Mobility in West Africa: Improvisation, Culture, and Volatility in Migration Infrastructures2023In: The international migration review, ISSN 0197-9183, E-ISSN 1747-7379Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    How do migrants enact their mobilities in contexts where formalized labor migration is minimal, and where the European fight against irregular African migration is restricting the possibilities for informal border crossings? And which roles do cultural norms, social institutions, and individual agency play in facilitating migration? To answer these questions, this article offers a comparative reflection on the growing interest in the mediation of migration that emphasizes the actors and structures that shape and facilitate a migrant trajectory. Drawing on our own research in various West African contexts, and on a broader reading of research evoking the mediation of mobility, we engage primarily with the emerging scholarship on migration infrastructures. As a contribution to the study of how mobility is mediated by actors and structures external to the migrant, we suggest that it is important to move beyond the tendency to restrict analysis in a migrant-/institution-centric trade-off in which emphasis is either placed on migrant aspirations and capabilities or the institutionalized mediation of migration. We further propose to analytically distinguish between the mediation of migration—denoting the processes of facilitation and restriction of mobility through institutions, external interventions, and socio-cultural practices—and the modular components of connection and organization through which actual migration occurs. To accentuate the shifting and volatile configuration of these elements, we suggest a concept of migration infrastructural assemblages. We thereby emphasize the benefits of incorporating improvisation, culture, and volatility in our understanding of the meditation of migration in West Africa and beyond.

  • 50.
    Kleist, Nauja
    et al.
    Danish Institute for International Studies (DIIS).
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Migration infrastructures in West Africa and beyond2019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Infrastructure is becoming an influential field of inquiry across the social sciences as it has been in policy related research for some time. In migration and mobility related research, the recent introduction of the concept of “migration infrastructure” represents an attempt to theorise the infrastructural approach in relation to the multifaceted mediation of migration. This MIASA working paper considers the usefulness and limitations of the concept of migration infrastructures in understanding labour mobilities in various West African contexts. This juxtaposition of West African cases with the Asian examples that informed the articulation of the concept of migration infrastructures suggests that the framework holds potential for moving beyond migrant-centred analysis, while leaving some open questions regarding the role of migrant agency, the discrepancies between intentions and uses of (migration) infrastructures, the significance of culturally embedded migrant imaginaries, and the impact of global migration governance on national or regional regulatory frameworks.

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