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  • 1.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    Uppsala universitet, Kulturantropologiska avdelningen.
    A Mobile Life Story: Tracing Hopefulness in the Life and Dreams of a Young Ivorian Migrant2009In: Migration Letters, ISSN 1741-8984, E-ISSN 1741-8992, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 119-129Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 2.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    A mobile life story: tracing hopefulness in the life and dreams of a young Ivorian migrant2019In: Reader in Qualitative Methods in Migration Research / [ed] Ibrahim Sirkeci, Theodoros Iosifides, Carla DeTona, Annalisa Frisina, London: Transnational Press London , 2019, p. 129-138Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The analysis suggests an adaptation of the life history interview as a method in qualitative migration studies. By joining four analytical concepts into an overall methodological framework, the mobile life story is intended to guide the exploration of the subjective experiences of migrants at various stages of a migrant trajectory. The notion of ‘mobility’ evokes a holistic orientation in the study of migrant biographies; the unpredictability that characterises the social practice of migrants is captured through the concept of ‘hopefulness’; the concept of ‘vital conjunctures’ is argued to provide a temporal delimitation and a focus for the organising of a life history interview; and the spatial dimension of the methodology is delimited through the concept of ‘emplacement’. As opposed to a migration history, the mobile life story explores the significant transformations that have characterised the migrant’s past and relates these defining moments to the broader migration history.

  • 3.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    Uppsala universitet, Kulturantropologiska avdelningen.
    Att döda för att leva?: Unga kombattanter i gränslandet mellan Burkina Faso och Elfenbenskusten2014In: Resurser och politik i Afrika / [ed] Sten Hagberg & Gabriella Körling, Stockholm: Svenska Sällskapet för Antropologi och Geografi , 2014, p. 107-126Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Between Labor Mígration and Forced Displacement: Wartime Mobilities in the Burkina Faso-Côte d'Ivoire Transnational Space2016In: Conflict and Society, ISSN 2164-4551, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 52-67Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The significant number of involuntary returns of labor migrants to Burkina Faso is a relatively neglected aspect of the armed confl ict in Côte d’Ivoire. Between 500,000 and 1 million Burkinabe migrants were forced to leave Côte d’Ivoire between 2000 and 2007, placing tremendous pressure on local communities in Burkina Faso to receive and integrate these mass arrivals, and causing those returning labor migrants an acute sense of displacement. Th is article analyzes the experiences of displacement and resettlement in the context of the Ivorian crisis and explores the dialectics of displacement and emplacement in the lives of involuntary labor migrant returnees; their young adult children; and Burkinabe recruits returning aft er their service in the Forces Nouvelles rebel forces in Côte d’Ivoire.

  • 5.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Book Review: Childhood Deployed: Remaking Child Soldiers in Sierra Leone by Susan Shepler. New York University Press, 2014. xiv + 223 pages $89 (hardcover), $26 (paper), ISBN 978-0-8147-7025-2.2017In: Journal on Education in Emergencies, ISSN 2518-6833, Vol. 3, no 1, p. 129-131Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Cross-border perpetrator recruitment in the Ivorian civil war: The motivations and experiences of young Burkinabe men in the Forces Nouvelles rebel movement2018In: Perpetrators and perpetration of mass violence: Actions, motivations and dynamics / [ed] Timothy Williams and Susanne Buckley-Zistel, Abingdon, Oxon ; New York, NY: Routledge, 2018, p. 169-186Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Côte d'Ivoire2018In: Africa Yearbook: Politics, Economy and Society South of the Sahara in 2017 / [ed] Jon Abbink, Victor Adetula, Andreas Mehler and Henning Melber, Leiden: Brill , 2018, p. 70-78Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi.
    Diaspora at Home?: Wartime Mobilities in the Burkina Faso-Côte d'Ivoire Transnational Space2013Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the period 1999-2007, more than half a million Burkinabe returned to Burkina Faso due to the persecution of immigrant labourers in neighbouring Côte d’Ivoire. Ultranationalist debates about the criteria for Ivorian citizenship had intensified during the 1990s and led to the scapegoating of immigrants in a political rhetoric centred on notions of autochthony and xenophobia. Having been actively encouraged to immigrate by the Ivorian state for generations, Burkinabe migrant labourers were now forced to leave their homes and livelihoods behind and return to a country they had left in their youth or, as second-generation immigrants in Côte d’Ivoire, had never seen.

    Based on 12 months of ethnographic fieldwork in Burkina Faso and Côte d’Ivoire, the thesis explores the narratives and everyday practices of returning labour migrants in Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso’s second-largest city, in order to understand the subjective experiences of displacement that the forced return to Burkina Faso engendered. The analysis questions the appropriateness of the very notion of “return” in this context and suggests that people’s senses of home are multiplex and tend to rely more on the ability to pursue active processes of emplacement in everyday life than on abstract notions of belonging, e.g. relating to citizenship or ethnicity.

    The study analyses intergenerational interactions within and across migrant families in the city and on transformations of intra-familial relations in the context of forced displace-ment. A particular emphasis is placed on the experiences of young adults who were born and raised in Côte d’Ivoire and arrived in Burkina Faso for the first time during the Ivorian crisis. These young men and women were received with scepticism in Burkina Faso because of their perceived “Ivorian” upbringing, language, and behaviour and were forced to face new forms of stigmatisation and exclusion. At the same time, young migrants were able to exploit their labelling as outsiders and turn their difference into an advantage in the competition for scarce employment opportunities and social connections.

  • 9.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Ghassan Hage. 2015. Alter‐politics. Critical anthropology and the radical imagination. Melbourne: Melbourne University Press. 241 pp. Pb.: US$59.99. ISBN: 9780522867381.2017In: Social Anthropology, ISSN 0964-0282, E-ISSN 1469-8676, Vol. 25, no 1, p. 115-117Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    Uppsala universitet, Kulturantropologiska avdelningen.
    Informal Regimes of (In)Security in Guinea-Conakry: An Assessment of the Workings of Elite Networks and their Big Men in View of the Military Takeover of December 20082010Report (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    John Thabiti Willis, Masquerading Politics: kinship, gender, and ethnicity in aYoruba town. Bloomington IN: Indiana University Press (hb US$85 – 978 0253 03144 0; pb US$35 – 978 0 253 03146 4). 2017, xiii + 198 pp.2019In: Africa, ISSN 0001-9720, E-ISSN 1750-0184, Vol. 89, no 2, p. 422-423Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Maybritt Jill Alpes. 2017. Brokering high‐risk migration and illegality in West Africa. Abroad at any cost. London/New York: Routledge. 234 pp. Hb.: £110. ISBN: 9781472441119.2018In: Social Anthropology, ISSN 0964-0282, E-ISSN 1469-8676, Vol. 26, no 4, p. 575-576Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    Uppsala universitet, Kulturantropologiska avdelningen.
    Om håbefuldhed og håbløshed i Korhogo2010In: Jordens Folk, ISSN 0021-7484, no 1, p. 5-11Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    Department of Anthropology, University of Copenhagen.
    On the Move: Young Men Navigating Paths towards Adulthood in Gueule Tapée (Dakar)2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 15.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    The Nordic Africa Institute, African International Links.
    Social Branding in Urban Burkina Faso2014In: Nordic Journal of African Studies, ISSN 1235-4481, E-ISSN 1459-9465, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 83-99Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the past decade Diaspo youths – second generation immigrants in Côte d’Ivoire who were forced to migrate to their parents’ country of origin, Burkina Faso, during the Ivorian civil war– have become a visible presence in Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso’s second largest city. By consciously displaying their Ivorian origins, they have provoked both the admiration and resentment of local youths, whose ambivalence towards the outspoken and colourful newcomers stems from Côte d’Ivoire’s central role as a destination for Burkinabé labour migrants since the colonial period. Regardless of this animosity, Diaspo youth culture has made its mark on the city.

    This paper explores the response of Diaspo youths to their social stigmatisation and argues that their claims to recognition and access may be understood as a process of social branding. It may be seen as a self-aware performance of otherness, intended to evoke a collective identity that is mediated through a specific set of aesthetics to a well-defined audience.

  • 16.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Urban Dynamics.
    The ambivalence of neighbourhood in urban Burkina Faso2015In: Anthropology Southern Africa, ISSN 2332-3256, Vol. 38, no 3-4, p. 331-343Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 17.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    The Politics of Inclusion and Exclusion in Urban Burkina Faso2018In: What Politics?: Youth and Political engagement in Africa / [ed] Elina Oinas, Henri Onodera and Leena Suurpää, Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2018, p. 123-140Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 18.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi.
    Waves of Disaster – Waves of Relief: An Ethnography of Humanitarian Assistance to Post-Tsunami Sri Lanka2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper applies an impressionistic and reflexive genre of ethnography to understand the ethnographer’s meeting with the humanitarian aid workers in post-tsunami Sri Lanka. It offers an analysis of the political atmosphere in the country prior to the tsunami as a central framework for understanding current tensions and debates over the distribution of tsunami aid resources, and traces the emergence of what has been termed Sinhala-Buddhist nationalism. Based on three months of ethnographic fieldwork from April to July 2005 among aid workers at the central level in Colombo and a careful attention to the rhetorics and arguments that characterized the writings in the Sri Lankan press during this period, the paper argues that while public debates over tsunami aid distribution has been entwined with political rivalries between the Sri Lankan government, and Sinhala and Tamil nationalist groups, the everyday reality of international humanitarians evolved around the forming of a common development language to categorise the demands of the aid intervention and on the performances of individual organisations, personified by a limited number of individuals in the professional fora of the humanitarians in Colombo.

  • 19.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Zouglou Music and Youth in Urban Burkina Faso: Displacement and the Social Performance of Hope2017In: Hope and Uncertainty in Contemporary African Migration / [ed] Nauja Kleist and Dorte Thorsen, London: Routledge, 2017, p. 58-75Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 20.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Zouglou Music and Youth in Urban Burkina Faso: Displacement and the Social Performance of Hope2017In: Hope and Uncertainty in Contemporary African Migration / [ed] Nauja Kleist and Dorte Thorsen, New York: Routledge, 2017, p. 58-75Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 21.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Erdman Vigh, Henrik
    University of Copenhagen.
    Introduction: The Dialectics of Displacement and Emplacement2016In: Conflict and Society, ISSN 2164-4551, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 9-15Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Wars unsettle our commonsense understandings of movement and mobility. Simultaneously entropic and inertial, they conjure up images of rampant disorder and chaos as well as strained and crippled formations locked in negative tension. On the one hand, detrimental movement; on the other, deadly stalemate. Both mobility and immobility are, as such, associated with the iconography of warfare and confl icts. Th ey may be presented as out of time through pictures of empty streets, ruins, trenches, and dead bodies frozen in contorted positions, yet, conversely, some of the most archetypical images of war connote speed, fl ows, and movement, seen in images of troop advances or retreats, rows of traveling refugees, and hauls of humanitarian aid shipped or fl own into airports and harbors from afar. In temporal terms, confl ict and violence are oft en represented in the lethargy of decay or the entropy of aggression.

  • 22.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Lanzano, Cristiano
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Agrarian Change, Property and Resources.
    Burkina Faso's one-week coup and its implications for free and fair elections2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the upcoming elections in Burkina Faso, there’s a need for a clear democratic break with the three decades of de facto one-party rule. At the same time, a moderate approach is needed in dealing with the controversial legacy of the former regime, to avoid further polarisation in an already fraught political situation. These are the recommendations of Jesper Bjarnesen and Cristiano Lanzano, senior researchers at the Nordic Africa Institute, in a policy note on Burkina Faso’s one-week coup and its implications for free and fair elections.

  • 23.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Söderberg Kovacs, Mimmi
    Folke Bernadotteakademin.
    Conclusion: Beyond Democracy and Big Man Politics2018In: Violence in African elections: Between democracy and Big Man politics / [ed] Mimmi Söderberg Kovacs and Jesper Bjarnesen, London ; Uppsala: Zed Books ; Nordiska Afrikainstutet , 2018, p. 250-262Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 24.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Söderberg Kovacs, Mimmi
    Folke Bernadotteakademin.
    Violence in African elections2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The benefits of winning elections, and the disadvantages of losing them, must be reduced to avoid the violence that a winner-takes-all situation can trigger. Election observers should pay more attention to subtle forms of violence, intra-party tensions and incumbents playing the security card to justify increased use of force. This policy note considers how to curb the increase of violence in African elections.

  • 25.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Utas, Mats
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology.
    Introduction Urban kinship: the micro-politics of proximity andrelatedness in African cities2018In: Africa, ISSN 0001-9720, Vol. 88, no S1, p. S1-S11Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    African cities have long been perceived as emblematic of the vibrancy and contradictions that characterize public spheres in an African context – from breathtaking monuments of wealth and oppression to overwhelming destitution and despair; from vibrant market places and artistic expression to dilapidated infrastructures and rampant criminality. Through depictions of the hectic pace of different forms of movement – from the inner-city traffic that seems to be buzzing even in the midst of a complete standstill to public protests and food riots – African cities become lenses through which social and political life is assessed and synthesized; a canvas on which national politics and global inequalities are laid bare, for all to see. Indeed, the visual has long been the preferred prism for documenting and evoking the dynamism and decay of urban Africa. Many of these dualities hold some truths but have also contained the enduring simplifications of prejudice and exoticization. The ‘urban jungle’ is easily seen as the continent’s true Heart of Darkness; a pre-conceptualized dystopia (Robinson 2010); a micro-cosmos of the most frightening and fascinating facets of primitive humanity. This special issue challenges such simplifications by emphasizing everyday sociality, and by giving priority to the narratives and practices of urban residents themselves.

  • 26.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Utas, MatsUppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi.
    Urban Kinship: special issue of the journal Africa2018Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 27. Jensen, Steffen
    et al.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    Introduction: Violence and urban politics2014In: Claiming the City: Civil Society Mobilisation by the Urban Poor / [ed] Heidi Moksnes and Mia Melin, Uppsala: Uppsala University , 2014, p. 163-171Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 28. Nindorera, Willy
    et al.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    The geography of violence in Burundi’s 2015 elections2018In: Violence in African elections: Between Democracy and Big Man Politics / [ed] Mimmi Söderberg Kovacs and Jesper Bjarnesen, London: Zed Books, 2018, p. 87-113Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 29.
    Söderberg Kovacs, Mimmi
    et al.
    Folke Bernadotteakademin .
    Bjarnesen, JesperThe Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Violence in African elections: between democracy and Big Man politics2018Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Multiparty elections have become the bellwether by which all democracies are judged, and the spread of these systems across Africa has been widely hailed as a sign of the continent’s progress towards stability and prosperity. But such elections bring their own challenges, particularly the often intense internecine violence following disputed results.While the consequences of such violence can be profound, undermining the legitimacy of the democratic process and in some cases plunging countries into civil war or renewed dictatorship, little is known about the causes.

    By mapping, analysing and comparing instances of election violence in different localities across Africa – including Kenya, Ivory Coast and Uganda – this collection of detailed case studies sheds light on the underlying dynamics and sub-national causes behind electoral conflicts, revealing them to be the result of a complex interplay between democratisation and the older, patronage-based system of ‘Big Man’ politics.

    Essential for scholars and policymakers across the social sciences and humanities interested in democratization, peace-keeping and peace studies, Violence in African Elections provides important insights into why some communities prove more prone to electoral violence than others, offering practical suggestions for preventing violence through improved electoral monitoring, voter education, and international assistance.

1 - 29 of 29
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