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  • 1.
    Hårsmar, Mats
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Globalization, Trade and Regional Integration.
    Inclusiveness and sustainable growth2013In: Annual Report : 2012: Development Dilemmas, ISSN 1104-5256, Vol. 2012, p. 29-32Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Hårsmar, Mats
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Globalization, Trade and Regional Integration.
    More Tax, Better Governments2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    It has been argued that aid donors should focus more on supporting low-income countries to broaden their tax base and raise overall taxation. Besides increasing revenue, this has also a political objective. When citizens are taxed without excessive coercion, taxation can contribute considerably to improved governance and accountability, and to state building. Due to the effects of the financial crisis, calls for increased mobilisation of domestic resources are now being renewed. But is broadened taxation a viable strategy? Some signs of progress are visible in sub-Saharan Africa. However, governments and donors need to see taxation as part of the broader framework of social contracts and not to lose sight of the bigger picture.

  • 3.
    Hårsmar, Mats
    The Nordic Africa Institute, African International Links.
    Relations Key to Innovations: Peasants, Institutions and Technical Change on the Mossi Plateau in Burkina Faso2013In: African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development, ISSN 2042-1338, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 15-18Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    How can technical changes within food crop cultivation in a country like Burkina Faso be explained? This is an important question for the reduction of poverty, for enhanced food security as well as for economic growth. Poor countries, where agriculture is dominating broad based economic growth, require increased productivity in food crop cultivation. This study builds on fieldwork from three villages, undertaken in 2001/2002 and in 2010. The villages are situated on the ‘Mossi plateau’ in central Burkina Faso, where chronic poverty is widespread. The study finds the character of diffusion channels and the role of social relations to be decisive in explaining access, choice and adoption of new techniques. The innovation system theory is found relevant, not least because of its focus on power structures and relations between actors. To further strengthen such systems, intermediary organizations should be supported and informal institutions transformed.

  • 4.
    Hårsmar, Mats
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Globalization, Trade and Regional Integration.
    Why is agriculture so important to reducing poverty?2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Over the last few years, there has been both talk about and action regarding the long-term neglect of agriculture in development. An agricultural revival has occurred, with African governments committing themselves to spending at least 10 per cent of their budgets on agriculture. Donors such as the World Bank and many bilateral organizations are refocusing on the sector. This is partly due to the prevalence of rural poverty in sub-Saharan Africa as well as in South Asia. Despite this, the debate on the appropriate role of agriculture in economic growth lingers on among academics and policymakers. In particular, agriculture’s contribution to broader economic growth is questioned. Should growth be driven by agriculture or by something else? Recent empirical studies and earlier theoretical work demonstrate that growth in the agricultural sector has contributed more to poverty reduction than growth in non-agricultural sectors. This paper discusses this issue and highlights some of the preconditions for the achievement of this outcome.

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