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  • 1.
    Adetula, Victor A. O.
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Jaiyebo, Olugbemi
    Regional economic communities and peacebuilding in Africa: the experiences of ECOWAS and IGAD2016Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    African states have responded to the challenges of the post-Cold War international system mostly by collectively promoting subregional and continental-wide initiatives in conflict resolution and peacebuilding. Admittedly, the existence of many violent conflicts in Africa, as well as their ‘domino’ effects at thesub-regional level, contributed significantly to the growing desire for collective security systems and conflict management mechanisms. The broadening of the role and functions of African regional organisations to include responsibility for peacebuilding and conflict management generally adds credence to the efficacy of regional integration. Many issues, however, present themselves in the engagement of RECs with the peacebuilding process in Africa. Although primarily set up to promote economic integration, Africa’s RECs have increasingly taken up a prominent role in conflict resolution and peace support operations, as evident in the recent peace processes in Burundi, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Cote d’Ivoire, Zimbabwe, Mali, Congo DRC, Sudan, and South Sudan, among others. In spite of the challenges they face, RECs are capable of playing important roles with regard to peace mediation, peacekeeping and peacebuilding.

  • 2.
    Bereketeab (ed.), Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Self-determination and secession in Africa: the post-colonial State2014Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Refereegranskat)
  • 3.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    A Wind of Change in Sudan: Opening the Public Sphere or Political Rhtoric?2013Övrigt (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 4.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Asfaha Welde Mikael2012Ingår i: Dictionary of African Biography / [ed] Emmanuel K. Akyeampong and Henry Louis Gates, Jr., Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012, s. 276-277Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 5.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Conclusion: From Deconstruction to Reconstruction2017Ingår i: State Building and National Identity Reconstruction in the Horn of Africa / [ed] Redie Bereketeab, Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan, 2017, s. 225-235Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 6.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Dangerous Deadlock in Djibouti2013Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 7.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Democracy or one-party system: political development in the Sudan after the 2015 election2015Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In June, Al-Bashir, Sudan's leader since 1989, was sworn in for another five years as president. Few if any experts had expected any other outcome of the 2015 election. But will the 71 year old ex-military leader, who is accused by the ICC of war crimes in Darfur, continue his initiatives for national dialogue and overcome the country's major economic and security hurdles?

  • 8.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Djibouti: Strategic Location, an Asset or a Curse2016Ingår i: Journal of African Foreign Affairs, ISSN 2056-564X, Vol. 3, nr 1&2, s. 5-18Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 9.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Environmental Change, Conflicts and Problems of Sustainable Development in the Horn of Africa2014Ingår i: African and Asian Studies, ISSN 1569-2094, E-ISSN 1569-2108, Vol. 13, nr 3, s. 291-314Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 10.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Eritrea, A Colonial Creation: A Case of Aborted Decolonisation2014Ingår i: Self-determination and secession in Africa: the post-colonial state / [ed] Redie Bereketeab, London ; New York: Routledge, 2014, 1, s. 235-252Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 11.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Eritrea’s refugee crisis and the role of the international community2016Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Five thousand refugees leave Eritrea each month according to UNHCR, making it one of the world’s fastest-emptying countries. In this policy note, Redie Bereketeab, researcher at the Nordic Africa Institute, analyses the role and responsibility of the international community in the Eritrean migration crisis.

  • 12.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Gebre Meskel Woldu2012Ingår i: Dictionary of African Biography / [ed] Emmanuel K. Akyeampong and Henry Louis Gates, Jr, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012, s. 444-445Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 13.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Geo-Strategic Intervention and Its Consequences in the Horn of Africa2014Ingår i: African Dynamics in a Multipolar World: 5th European Conference on African Studies : Conference Proceedings, Lisbon: Centro de Estudos Internacionais do Instituto Universitário de Lisboa (ISCTE-IUL) , 2014, s. 480-504Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 14.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Haregot Abbay2012Ingår i: Dictionary of African biography / [ed] Emmanuel K. Akyeampong and Henry Louis Gates, Jr., Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012, s. 30-31Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 15.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD): A Critical Analysis2012Ingår i: Regional Integration, Identity and Citizenship in the Greater Horn of Africa / [ed] Redie Bereketeab and Kidane Mengisteab, Woodbridge: James Currey Publishers, 2012, s. 173-194Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 16.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Introduction: Challenges of State Building, State Reconstruction and National Identity Reconfiguration2017Ingår i: State Building and National Identity Reconstruction in the Horn of Africa / [ed] Redie Bereketeab, Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan, 2017, 1, s. 3-21Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 17.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Introduction: understanding national liberation movements2017Ingår i: National Liberation Movements as Governments in Africa, New York: Routledge, 2017, 1, s. 3-16Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 18.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Les Defis de la Construction del l'Etat au Sud-Soudan2013Ingår i: Afrique Contemporaine, ISSN 0002-0478, Vol. 246, s. 35-52Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 19.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    National Liberation Movements as Government in Africa2017Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Refereegranskat)
  • 20.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Post-Liberation State Building in South Sudan: Potentials and Challenges2014Ingår i: Journal of African Foreign Affairs, ISSN 2056-564x, Vol. 1, nr 1, s. 25-60Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper seeks to examine the post-liberation state building endeavour in South Sudan. Two civil wars stretching over more than five decades in quest for self-determination resulted in the secession of South Sudan. A negotiated settlement formalised in the Comprehensive Peace Agreement signed between the ruling National Congress Party and Sudan people's Liberation Movement in 2005 offered South Sudan the possibility to determine it destiny through popular plebiscite. When the plebiscite took place in January 2011, south Sudanese voted overwhelmingly for secession. On 9 July 2011 South Sudan was declared sovereign state that paved the way for the arduous process of state building. The nascent state was however born into serious problems. This article seeks to analyse the problems and enablement the nascent state encounters.

  • 21.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Post-Secession State-Building and Reconstruction: Somaliland, Somalia, South Sudan and Sudan2013Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    State-building refers to the processes undertaken by new states, while reconstitution refers to the rearrangement of an existing state following either secession or collapse. Somaliland and South Sudan are involved in process of state-building, while Sudan and Somalia are engaged in state reconstitution. Three distinctive models of state-building are taking place in the four countries. This Policy Note analyses the interlinked yet distinct process of state building.

  • 22.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Problems of Transition to Civic Governance in Eritrea2017Ingår i: National Liberation Movements as Government in Africa, New York: Routledge, 2017, s. 158-171Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 23.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Re-conceptualising Identity, Citizenship and Regional Integration in the Greater Horn Region2012Ingår i: Regional Integration, Identity and Citizenship in the Greater Horn of Africa / [ed] Redie Bereketeab and Kidane Mengisteab, Woodbridge: James Currey Publishers, 2012, s. 25-49Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The Greater Horn of Africa (GHA) is engulfed by three interrelated crises: various inter-state wars, civil wars, and inter-communal conflicts; an economic crisis manifested in widespread debilitating poverty, chronic food insecurity and famines; and environmental degradation that is ravaging the region. While it is apparent that the countries of the region are unlikely to be able to deal with the crises individually, there is consensus that their chances of doing so improve markedly with collective regional action. The contributors to this volume address the need for regional integration in the GHA. They identify those factors that can foster integration, such as the proper management of equitable citizenship rights, as well as examining those that impede it, including the region's largely ineffective integration scheme, IGAD, and explore how the former can be strengthened and the latter transformed; explain how regional integration can mitigate the conflicts; and examine how integration can help to energise the region's economy.

  • 24.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Redefining National Identity and Nation-Building in Post-secession Sudans: Civic and Ethnic Models2014Ingår i: Studies in Ethnicity and Nationalism, ISSN 1473-8481, E-ISSN 1754-9469, Vol. 14, nr 2, s. 302-318Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 25.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Re-examining Local Governance in Eritrea: The Redrawing of Administration Regions2012Ingår i: African and Asian Studies, ISSN 1569-2094, E-ISSN 1569-2108, Vol. 11, nr 1-2, s. 1-29Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 26.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Regional economic communities and peacebuilding: The IGAD Experience2019Ingår i: South African Journal of International Affairs, ISSN 1022-0461, E-ISSN 1938-0275, Vol. 26, nr 1, s. 137-156Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 27.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Revisiting The Eritrean National Liberation Movement, 1960-19612016Bok (Refereegranskat)
  • 28.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Secessionism in AfricanPolitics: Aspiration, Grievance, Performance,Disenchantment2019Ingår i: South African Journal of International Affairs, ISSN 1022-0461, E-ISSN 1938-0275, Vol. 26, nr 3Artikel, recension (Refereegranskat)
  • 29.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Self-determination and secession: A 21st Century Challenge to the Post-colonial State in Africa2012Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Two approaches have characterised analysis of the postcolonial state in Africa. One emphasises the territorial integrity of the postcolonial state, with inherited colonial borders being viewed as sacrosanct and state-centred rights being given primacy. The other questions the sacrosanctity of colonial borders and seeks to promote the primacy of people-centred rights. The increasing frequency in recent years of quests for self-determination and secession in Africa poses an existential challenge to the postcolonial state on that continent. This Policy Note addresses this emerging trend.

  • 30.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Self-determination and Secession: African Challenges2014Ingår i: Self-determination and secession in Africa: the post-colonial state / [ed] Redie Bereketeab, London ; New York: Routledge, 2014, 1, s. 3-19Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 31.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Self-Determination and Secessionism in Somaliland and South Sudan: Challenges to Postcolonial State-building2012Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyses the notion of self-determination and secession by adopting acomparative perspective on two case studies, namely Somaliland and South Sudan. Somaliland declared its independence in 1991 following the collapse of the Somali state. Since then, Somaliland has been making relentless efforts to secure recognition from the international community. South Sudan successfully negotiated the right to exerciseself-determination, a right that was formalised in the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) signed between the ruling National Congress Party (NCP) and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM). The people of South Sudan held a referendum and voted overwhelmingly for secession, with formal independence being achieved on 9 July 2011. International law may better qualify Somaliland for statehood than South Sudan for three reasons: (i) it was created by colonialism, (ii) it has already been recognised, albeit only for a few days, as an independent state in 1960, and (iii) it has proven to be stable, functional and relatively democratic. Yet Somaliland has failed to achieve international recognition. This paper interrogates this discrepancy. It concludes that the existence of a partner ready to accept the right of self-determination, and geostrategic concerns about security as well a seconomic and political interests, determine international recognition.

  • 32.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    State Building and National Identity Reconstruction in the Horn of Africa2017Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Refereegranskat)
  • 33.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    State Building and National Identity Reconstruction in the Horn of Africa2017Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Refereegranskat)
  • 34.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    State Building-Peace Building Nexus: The Horn of Africa2015Ingår i: The Algerian Journal of Political Sciences and International Relations, ISSN 1111-2115, nr 4Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 35.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    State Crisis, Conflicts and International Intervention in the Horn of Africa2013Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 36.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    State-building, Conflict and Global War in the Horn of Africa2013Ingår i: Bondage of Boundaries and Identity Politics in Postcolonial Africa: The 'Northern Problem' and Ethno-Futures / [ed] Sabelo J. Ndlovu-Gatsheni & Brilliant Mhlanga, Pretoria: Africa Institute of South Africa (AISA), 2013, s. 61-78Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 37.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Supra-Ethnic Nationalism: The case of Eritrea2002Ingår i: African Sociological Review, ISSN 1027-4332, Vol. 6, nr 2, s. 137-152Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 38.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Challenges of Reconstitution of National Identity in the Sudans2012Proceedings (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 39.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Challenges of Regional Integration in the Horn of Africa2014Ingår i: Journal of US-China Public Administration, ISSN 1548-6591, E-ISSN 1935-9691, Vol. 11, nr 5, s. 401-414Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 40.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    The Collapse of IGAD Peace Mediation in the Current South Sudan Civil War: When National Interest Dictates Peace Mediation2017Ingår i: Journal of African Foreign Affairs, ISSN 2056-564X, Vol. 4, nr 1 & 2, s. 67-84Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 41.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Complex Roots of the Second Eritrea-Ethiopia War: Re-examining the Causes2010Ingår i: African Journal of International Affairs, ISSN 0850–7902, Vol. 13, nr 1-2, s. 15-59Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat)
  • 42.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    The Ethiopia-Eritrea Rapprochement: Peace and Stability in the Horn of Africa2019Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This book examines the Ethiopia–Eritrea rapprochement and asks whether it might lead to peace and stability in the Horn of Africa. The Algiers Agreement (2000) that was mediated by the international community – the UN, OAU, EU and USA (the same parties that also served as witnesses and guarantors) – was supposed to be final and binding. But when the Eritrea–Ethiopia Boundary Commission (EEBC) published its verdict, Ethiopia rejected it on the grounds that it awarded Badme, the flashpoint of the war, to Eritrea. The witnesses and guarantors, abdicating their responsibility, failed to exert pressure on Ethiopia, which led to a situation of ‘no war, no peace’. This stalemate lasted for 16 years, until July 2018. The recent rapprochement is driven by internal dynamics, rather than by external mediation. This has fundamentally reshaped the relationship between the two countries. The impact of the resolution of the Ethiopia–Eritrea conflict goes beyond the borders of the two countries, and has indeed brought fundamental change to the region. Full diplomatic relations have been restored between Eritrea and Somalia; and the leaders of Eritrea and Djibouti have met in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. This all raises the issue of whether a peace deal driven by internal dynamics fares better than one that is externally mediated. The central question that this book attempts to address is: what factors led to the resolution of a festering conflict? The book explains and analyses the rapprochement, which it argues was made possible by the maturing of objective and subjective conditions in Ethiopia and by the trust factor in Eritrea.

  • 43.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The hopes and worries of a newborn state2012Ingår i: Annual Report : 2011: Africa's changing societies: reform from below, ISSN 1104-5256, s. 8-9Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 44.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Horn of Africa: Intra-State and Inter-State Conflicts and Security2013Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The Horn of Africa, comprising Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Sudan and Somalia, is the most conflict-ridden region in Africa. This book explores the origins and impact of these conflicts at both an intra-state and inter-state level and the insecurity they create. The contributors show how regional and international interventions have compounded pre-existing tensions and have been driven by competing national interests linked to Western intervention and acts of piracy off the coast of Somalia. This book outlines proposals for multidimensional mechanisms for conflict resolution in the region. Issues of border demarcation, democratic deficit, crises of nation and state building, and the roles of political actors and traditional authorities are all clearly analysed.

  • 45.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Horn of Africa: Intra-State and Inter-State Conflicts and Security2013 (uppl. 1)Bok (Refereegranskat)
  • 46.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    The Intergovernmental Authority on Development: Internal Culture of Foreign Policymaking and Sources of Weaknesses2018Ingår i: African Foreign Policies in International Institutions / [ed] Jason Warner, Timothy M. Shaw, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2018, s. 113-125Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 47.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    The Interplay between National, Regional and International Dynamics in the Production of Conflicts in the Horn of Africa2016Ingår i: Journal of Oromo studies, ISSN 1070-2202, Vol. 22, nr 1, s. 53-73Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 48.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Morality of the U.N. Security Council Sanctions agaist Eritrea: Defensibility, Political Objectives, and Consequences2013Ingår i: African Studies Review, ISSN 0002-0206, E-ISSN 1555-2462, Vol. 56, nr 2, s. 145--161Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 49.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    The Role of the International Community in the Eritrean Refugee Crisis2017Ingår i: Geopolitics, History, and International Relations, ISSN 1948-9145, Vol. 9, nr 1, s. 68-82Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the role of the international community in the Eritrean refugee crisis. It critically analyses the international community's, as represented by UN, AU, EU and US, failure to fulfill its obligation. The UN, OAU, EU and US were witnesses and guarantors of the Algiers Agreement. As such, they assumed responsibility of making sure of the implementation of the Ethiopia-Eritrea Border Commission Verdict. The Algiers Agreement empowered the guarantors to invoke UN Chapter VII, if one or both of the parties violates its commitment. Fourteen years later the EEBC Verdict is awaiting implementation with immense consequence to Eritrea. Deriving from text analysis and drawing on previous research I argue in this article that the international community by failing to fulfill its legal obligation contributed to the current Eritrean refugee crisis. It is the contention of this article only the unconditional implementation of the boundary commission that brings peace and stability to the region that would stem the flow of the refugees.

  • 50.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Why South Sudan conflict is proving intractable: Ugandan forces and lack of international commitment two reasons2015Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In December 2013 war broke out in South Sudan as a result of the power struggle between President Salva Kiir and the ex-vice president Riek Machar. Violence from both sides led to massacres and millions of displaced persons. Agreements to end hostilities have so far been violated. A sustainable peace calls for Ugandan forces to leave South Sudan. The political parties have to reform and be a part of national reconciliation instead of fighting one another.

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