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  • 1.
    Aaby, Peter
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    The state of Guinea-Bissau: African socialism or socialism in Africa?1978Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 2. Aall, Cato
    et al.
    Hamrell, Sven
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Refugee problems in Africa1967Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 3.
    Aasland, Tertit
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    On the move-to-the-left in Uganda 1969-1971: the Common man's charter - dissemination and attitude1974Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 4.
    Abdallah, Mustapha
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Sapiano, Jenna
    Okyere, Frank
    Bentum, Doreen Ivy
    Exploring the post-Gaddafi Repercussions in the Sahel: Report from an experts’ workshop organised by the Kofi Annan International Peacekeeping Training Centre and the Nordic Africa Institute with the support of the Australian Government, 28-29 June 20122013Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 5.
    Abdel-Rahim, Muddathir
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Changing patterns of civilian-military relations in the Sudan1978Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose o this paper is to trace the development of the military involvement in Sudanese politics and make some suggestions towards the general assessment of its nature and consequences.

  • 6.
    Abutudu, Musa
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Globalization, Trade and Regional Integration.
    Garuba, Dauda
    Natural Resource Governance and EITI Implementation In Nigeria2011Rapport (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In their Natural Resource Governance and EITI Implementation in Nigeria, Musa Abutudu and Dauda Garuba provide the most up-to-date and in-depth analysis of the Nigerian Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (NEITI), providing a balanced yet critical evaluation of its performance, limitations and potential as an institution for helping Africa’s largest oil exporter to escape the so called resource curse and lay a firm basis for sustainable development. This Current African Issue contains valuable insights and information that will be of interest to all those with a keen interest in institutionalising transparency and accountability in natural resource governance in Africa.

  • 7.
    Adelman, Howard
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Suhrke, Astri
    The path of a genocide: the Rwanda crisis from Uganda to Zaire1999Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This collection of essays examines the decade (1986-97) that brackets the 1994 genocide in Rwanda, and is both a narrative of that event and a deep reexamination of the international role in ad-dressing humanitarian issues and complex emergencies. Nineteen donor countries and seventeen international organizations have pooled their efforts for an in-depth evaluation of the international response to the conflict in Rwanda.

  • 8.
    Adetula, Victor
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Growing mistrust – a threat to democracy in Ghana: opportunities and challenges in the upcoming general elections2016Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In comparison with other African countries, faith in democracy is strong in Ghana. But the legal tussles that followed the last general election in 2012, and the disqualification of some candidates on trifling grounds in the lead-up to this year’s presidential elections, has spurred public mistrust. This policy note issues a warning about hate speech, violent demonstrations and macho-men militias.

  • 9.
    Adetula, Victor
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit. University of Jos.
    Markets, Revolts, and Regime Change: The Political Economy of the Arab Spring2011Inngår i: Nigerian Journal of International Affairs, Vol. 37, nr 2, s. 17-48Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses the political economy of the Arab Spring. It draws attention to the economic and social factors underlying the recent uprisings in the Arab world. Essentially the article relates the internal dynamics in the Arab countries with their status and role in the global economy. It also notes especially the rising awareness in the Arab world on the role of the civil society in domestic politics, especially its capacity to demand political and economic change. The article is divided into five sections. The first section introduces the main issues, while the second section conceptually interprets the Arab Spring within the intellectual discourse on social revolution mainly but with a brief overview on regime change and democratic transition. The third section examines the relationship between oil, politics, and economy in the MENA region. The fourth section contains an analysis of the economic crisis and the various adjustment measures adopted by some governments on the eve of the uprisings. The fifth section examines the external dimensions of the Arab Spring including the international responses. The discussion of the lessons learned and policy recommendations concludes the article.

  • 10.
    Adetula, Victor
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit. University of Jos.
    Measuring democracy and ‘good governance’ in Africa: a critique of assumptions and methods2011Inngår i: Governance in the 21st Century / [ed] Kwandiwe Kondlo, Chinenyengozi Ejiogu, Cape Town: HSRC Press, 2011, s. 10-25Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 11.
    Adetula, Victor
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit. University of Jos, Nigeria.
    People's Democratic Party and 2015 General Elections: The Morbidity of a Giant2017Inngår i: The Nigerian General Elections of 2015 / [ed] John A.A. Ayoade, Adeoye A. Akinsanya, and Olatunde J.B Ojo, Ibadan, Nigeria: John Archers Publishers , 2017, s. 27-52Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The People’s Democratic Party (PDP) was established in 1998 at the time when Nigeria was under pressure from the international community to undertake political reform in preparation for anticipated return to civil rule. The PDP formed the first government after the country re-introduced civil rule in May 1999 and remained the ruling party at the national level and also in government in the majority of states of the federation until May 2015 when it lost to the All Progressives Congress (APC) in the presidential election, and unexpectedly recorded defeat in the other elections. The climax was on March 28, 2015 when Nigeria held its fifth presidential election and an incumbent president, Dr. Goodluck Jonathan was defeated by retired Major-General Mohammed Buhari who was contesting the presidential election for the fourth time. Apart from its remarkable victory in the previous four successive presidential elections, the PDP had a comfortable majority in the national legislature between 1999 and 2015. However, towards the end of President Obasanjo’s tenure, the party had started to experience disturbing cracks in its internal cohesion. It eventual defeat by the APC at both the presidential and state levels puts an abrupt end to the hegemony of the self-styled “largest political party in Africa” with a vision of “ruling Nigeria for sixty years”. This chapter presents analysis of the remote and immediate causes of the poor performance of the PDP in the 2015 elections. What are the remote and immediate causes of the defeat of the PDP in the 2015 elections? What was the nature of public support for the party and its presidential candidate?  Was the dwindling public support for the party linked to its diagnostic analysis of the challenges of governance and development in the country? What was the role of the Jonathan presidency in the political misfortune of the party? What was the capacity of the party to cope with some of the changes and innovations in the electoral process that may have contributed to the outcomes of the 2015 elections?  How has the PDP faired since the inauguration of the new APC-led government? Is the party adjusting well to playing the role of an opposition party? How well has the party faired in this regard, and what are the lessons learned? And finally, how does the electoral misfortune of the PDP helps us to understand the strength and weaknesses of the democratic institutions in Nigeria? As many are these questions that one consider useful for understanding the party system in modern Nigeria.

  • 12.
    Adetula, Victor
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Principle and practice of supranationalism in ECOWAS and the implications for regional integration in West Africa2016Inngår i: Political Science Review, ISSN 1996-4124, Vol. 7, nr 1, s. 17-34Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of ‘supranationalism’ covers procedures and processes of decision-making in multi-national political communities that encourages the transfer of power to an authority broader than governments of member states. This paper acknowledges that the world is experiencing a re-awakening of supranationality, and that contemporary globalisation processes is contributing to this development that has not only checkmated the state and dissolves the absolutes of the Westphalian system, but has brought in other non-state actors including the civil society to be closely associated with the operations of international organizations. Globalisation processes have come with new challenges for governance and the management of global public goods (such as health, education, human security, etc.). The established of the African Economic Community (AEC) motivated other African regional organisations to introduce elements of supranationality in their operations. From various provisions in the Abuja Treaty, the understanding of supranationality as a situation where an international organization is endowed with powers to take decisions that are binding on it and all the member states is quite clear. The influence of this development is significant for regional integration in Africa. Using historical data and information on the performance of ECOWAS, this paper contextualizes the experience of ECOWAS in its practice of supranationalism. It highlights the opportunities, pressures and constraints for the effective and efficient operation of the supranational organization for ECOWAS These developments are important given that inter-governmentalism for long dominated the process of regional integration in Africa with each member states of regional organization retaining and exercising their full sovereign power in their separate decisions on the application and implementation of regional agreements. The paper concludes by arguing that ECOWAS, with the support of an efficiently run supranational body in the form of the ECOWAS Commission, can facilitate the process of regional integration in West Africa. This, of course, has several political ramifications demanding complex institutions and structures, and extensive political will, as well as unity of objectives and commitments at national and sub-regional.  It suffices to say here that the success of West African integration will depend first on the commitment of states in the ECOWAS region to redefine regional integration in a way that moves the process beyond state-centered approaches to include, among other things, the increased participation of civil society - the people and their representatives in associations, professional societies, farmers’ group, women’s groups and so on, as well as political parties - in regional integration processes.

  • 13.
    Adetula, Victor
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Sweden's bid for a UN Security Council seat and what Africa stands to gain2016Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish government should involve the African diaspora in Sweden to secure the support of African countries in the UN. It also needs to clarify in what ways Sweden's feminist foreign policy is compatible with African values of respect and dignity for womanhood. These are a couple of recommendations provided in this policy note on how Sweden should act to improve relations with African countries and succeed in its ambitions to achieve the sustainable development goals of Agenda 2030.

  • 14.
    Adetula, Victor
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    The future of EU-Africa cooperation beyond the Cotonou agreement2018Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    There is profound concern in large circles in Africa that the Cotonou Agreement obstructs African governments from supporting domestic production, and that the EU is splitting Africa in two by striking separate deals with different African regions. These perceptions are important considerations for those involved in the upcoming negotiations to replace the existing agreement.

  • 15.
    Adetula, Victor A. O.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    African conflicts, development and regional organisations in the post-Cold War international system: the annual Claude Ake memorial lecture : Uppsala, Sweden 30 January 20142015Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    A number of recent studies have expressed optimism about the constant decrease in armed conflicts around the world. The prognosis for Africa does not reflect the same optimism. Poverty reduction, transparent and accountable governance and citizen satisfaction with the delivery of public goods and service have shown no sign of significant improvement. In this lecture, Victor Adetula examines the performance of Africa’s regional organisations in ensuring peace and security on the continent. In doing this, he draws attention to the need for national and regional actors to pay attention to good governance and development as part of their efforts to operate effective collective security systems and conflict resolution mechanisms without ignoring the essence of the global context.

  • 16.
    Adetula, Victor A. O.
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Jaiyebo, Olugbemi
    Regional economic communities and peacebuilding in Africa: the experiences of ECOWAS and IGAD2016Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    African states have responded to the challenges of the post-Cold War international system mostly by collectively promoting subregional and continental-wide initiatives in conflict resolution and peacebuilding. Admittedly, the existence of many violent conflicts in Africa, as well as their ‘domino’ effects at thesub-regional level, contributed significantly to the growing desire for collective security systems and conflict management mechanisms. The broadening of the role and functions of African regional organisations to include responsibility for peacebuilding and conflict management generally adds credence to the efficacy of regional integration. Many issues, however, present themselves in the engagement of RECs with the peacebuilding process in Africa. Although primarily set up to promote economic integration, Africa’s RECs have increasingly taken up a prominent role in conflict resolution and peace support operations, as evident in the recent peace processes in Burundi, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Cote d’Ivoire, Zimbabwe, Mali, Congo DRC, Sudan, and South Sudan, among others. In spite of the challenges they face, RECs are capable of playing important roles with regard to peace mediation, peacekeeping and peacebuilding.

  • 17. Adie, W. A. C.
    et al.
    Widstrand, Carl-Gösta
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Hamrell, Sven
    The Soviet bloc, China and Africa1964Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 18.
    Adolfo, Eldridge Vigil
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Angola's Sustainable Growth and Regional Role beyond the Elections2012Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Angola’s economic boom averaging about 17 per cent per annum, is centred on its extractive oil industry and has made Angola one of the fastest growing economies in sub-Saharan Africa and the world. With national peace providing stability and a strong military to negotiate regional threats, Angola is expected to consolidate its position as a regional power commensurate with its economic and military might. However, Angola faces challenges in the political, social, economic, governance, security and foreign policy arenas. It will also have to contend with election-related violence. While a bright medium-term future is in prospect for Angola, the country will have to negotiate and overcome these challenges to sustain its long-term peaceful development.

  • 19.
    Adolfo, Eldridge Vigil
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Söderberg Kovacs, Mimmi
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Nyström, Daniel
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Electoral Violence in Africa2012Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In the time period 2012–2013, over 20 national elections and two constitutional referendums are scheduled in Africa. In several of these elections, violence is anticipated to play a prominent role. There is great urgency to support the establishment of effective and legitimate electoral institutions and electoral frameworks; institute reforms aimed at lowering the stakes of elections; encourage the devolution of powers; improve the socio-economic standing of the populace; and devise strategies to prevent and manage electoral violence.

  • 20.
    Adong, Florence Odora
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Recovery and Development Politics: Options for Sustainable Peacebuilding in Northern Uganda2011Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 21.
    Agbu, Osita A.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Ethnicity and Democratisation in Africa: Challenges for Politics and Development2011Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This Discussion Paper explores the challenges that ethnicity poses for democratisation and development in Africa. It provides an overview of the literature on ethnicity and democratisation and an analysis of the trends on the continent since the end of the Cold War. In this regard, it critically examines perspectives on the impact of ethnicity on democracy and analyses the ethnicity-citizenship nexus in the context of the national democratic question in Africa. This provides the basis for the analysis of emerging challenges facing Africa and the way forward. The paper provides additional insights into the ongoing debates about democracy and the nation-state question in Africa and is of interest to scholars, practitioners and the general reader.

  • 22.
    Ahlsén, Bengt
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Portugisiska Afrika: Beskrivning av ett kolonialimperium och dess sönderfall1972Bok (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 23.
    Ahlsén, Bengt
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Sydafrika, Namibia, Rhodesia: Minoritetsstyrda länder i södra Afrika1973Bok (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 24. Aina, Tade Akin
    et al.
    Etta, Florence E.
    Obi, Cyril I.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    The Search for a Sustainable Urban Development in Metropolitan Lagos, Nigeria: Problems and Prospects1994Inngår i: Third World Planning Review, ISSN 0142-7849, Vol. 16, nr 2Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 25.
    Akindès, Francis
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    The roots of the military-political crises in Côte d'Ivoire2004Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    With the coup d’etat of 24 December 1999 and the politico-military conflict that started on 19 September 2002, Côte d’Ivoire broke with its tradition of political stability, which had served as a model in the West African sub-region. It is now facing an unprecedented crisis that is not only jeopardising the continuity of the state, but has also introduced a culture of violence into the society.This study has three objectives. The primary one is to understand the nature of this socio-political crisis, and what is at stake in it. Secondly, the study examines the issue of ivoirité. Finally, it explores the escalation of violence in this socio-political crisis and the catalogue of justifications for that violence.It is argued that the recurrence of military coups d’etat in Côte d’Ivoire signifies the delegitimisation of the modes of regulation built on the tontine system, and calls for a renewal of the political grammar and socio-political regulatory modalities around integrating principles that have yet to be devised.

    CONTENT

    Introduction

    CHAPTER 1. The Three Parameters of the Houphouët Boigny Compromise

    Deliberate and centralised openness policy to the outside world

    Philosophy of the “peanut roasters”

    Paternalistic management of social diversity

    CHAPTER 2. Houphouetism Shows Signs of Wear and Tear under Democratisation

    Confronting the issues: the political class and the criteria for political representation and legitimacy

    “Ivoirité” under Bédié, or the selective function of an ideology

    General Gueï’s variable-geometry Houphouetism

    The RDR, or Houphouetism the wrong way round

    The FPI, or the theoretical expression radical schism Immigration and its politicisation

    CHAPTER 3. The Problematic of “Ivoirité” and the Meaning of History in Côte d’Ivoire

    The social and political construction of “Ivoirité”

    Ideological justification

    Political justification

    Economic justification

    The constitution and ethno-nationalism

    Military coups d’état as therapy for “Ivoirité”?

    CHAPTER 4. The Course of History, or the Need for the Invention of Another Social Contract

    Alassane Dramane Ouattarra (ADO): symbol of the reality underlying the question of being a national

    An alternative to “slice” citizenship

    Bibliography

  • 26.
    Amankwaah, Clementina
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Election-Related Violence: The Case of Ghana2013Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This Current African Issue gives an overview of the causes and experiences of electionrelated violence in relation to patronage politics in Ghana. Ghana has been framed b ythe international community as a unique bastion of democracy and peace on the African continent. Nevertheless, the country has come from a military regime like many of its democratic African counterparts and is still prone to some of the problems faced by its more turbulent neighbours. The three main guiding issues that this publication will address in relation to election-related violence in Ghana are:

    • The causes of election-related violence in Ghana
    • Who the people most likely to cause election-related violence are
    • The role that “big men” play in election-related violence
  • 27.
    Angerbrandt, Henrik
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    A fair electoral process can ease divisions in Nigeria: decentralised politics brought on a new set of challenges in the north2015Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 28.
    Angerbrandt, Henrik
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit. Stockholm University.
    Deadly elections: post-election violence in Nigeria2018Inngår i: Journal of Modern African Studies, ISSN 0022-278X, E-ISSN 1469-7777, Vol. 56, nr 1, s. 143-167Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Two decades after the ‘third wave of democratization’, extensive violence continues to follow elections in sub-Saharan Africa. Whereas national processes connected to pre-election violence have received increased scholarly attention, little is known of local dynamics of violence after elections. This article examines the 2011 Nigerian post-election violence with regard to the ways in which national electoral processes interweave with local social and political disputes. The most affected state, Kaduna State, has a history of violent local relations connected to which group should control politics and the state. It is argued that electoral polarisation aggravated national ethno-religious divisions that corresponded to the dividing line of the conflict in Kaduna. A rapid escalation of violence was facilitated by local social networks nurtured by ethno-religious grievances.

  • 29.
    Angerbrandt, Henrik
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Inkludering nyckeln för att mota Boko Haram2017Inngår i: Utrikesmagasinet : UI:s forum för analys och opinion, ISSN 2002-746XArtikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 30.
    Angerbrandt, Henrik
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Nigeria and the Lake Chad Region beyond Boko Haram2017Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In light of a recent UN Security Council resolution on the Lake Chad region, this policy note identifies major challenges that need to be addressed to create conditions for actors in the region to build a lasting peace. The issues include demobilising local vigilantes and resolving land-related conflicts.

  • 31.
    Angerbrandt, Henrik
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Vaughan, Olufemi: Religion and the Making of Nigeria2018Inngår i: History: Reviews of New Books, ISSN 0361-2759, Vol. 46, nr 2, s. 53-54Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 32.
    Aning, Kwesi
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The African Union’s Peace and Security Architecture: Defining an emerging response mechanism2008Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 33.
    Arnfred, Signe
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Cheru, Fantu
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Hammar, Amanda
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Havnevik, Kjell
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Kamete, Amin Y.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Lindell, Ilda
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Myhre, Knut Christian
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Ngangjoh Hodu, Yenkong
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Obi, Cyril I.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Oinas, Elina
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Palmberg, Mai
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Thorsen, Dorte
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Re-thinking Africa: A Contribution to the Swedish Government White Paper on Africa2007Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 34.
    Arowosegbe, Jeremiah O.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Reflections on the Challenge of Reconstructing Post-Conflict States in West Africa: Insights From Claude Ake’s Political Writings2011Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This Discussion Paper is based on a theoretical exploration of state reconstruction and the prospects for peacebuilding in post-conflict West African countries based on critical reflections on the political thought of Claude Ake, one of Nigeria’s foremost political thinkers. Its point of departure is the refutation of the view that the state project in Africa is ‘hopeless’ or at a dead-end. It therefore revisits the debate on the viability of the state project in the continent, particularly as it relates to those West African states emerging from or affected by violent conflict. While acknowledging the shortcomings of the state-formation project in some post conflict West African countries, the author argues that the state remains a key institutional and social actor that needs to be understood more in terms of its historical moorings, political economy and marginal position in the international order. Drawing on Ake’s postulations about the limited autonomy of the state in Africa and its links to political violence and conflict, the author critiques both the hegemonic discourses on the nature of the state in Africa and those relating to post-conflict peacebuilding in the continent. The analysis of the latter focuses on the epistemological groundings of mainstream peacebuilding discourses, and posits that there is no guarantee that such imported models ensure sustainable peace in West Africa. Thus, the paper makes a compelling case for reinventing the state in West Africa based on autochthonous democratic transformation in favour of ordinary people. In this regard, it argues for an endogenous transformation of the state in Africa in ways that can strongly root it in the people as a fundamental step towards sustainable and locally owned participatory peacebuilding. It thereby opens up a new perspective on state reconstruction as a step towards ending violent conflict in the sub-region.

  • 35.
    Azzain Mohamed, Adam
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Evaluating the Darfur Peace Agreement: A Call for an Alternative Approach to Crisis Management2009Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 36. Bahru, Zewde
    et al.
    Pausewang, SiegfriedNordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Ethiopia: the challenge of democracy from below2002Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Constitutionally Ethiopia is a federal democratic state although in practice it is dominated by one political coalition. The opposition parties claim they have no chance of challenging the incumbent. The rural majority, as ever, feel controlled from above, unable to influence political decisions. Observers describe elections as manipulated and non-representative of the will of the people for whom the word "democracy" frequently appears to be synonymous with domination and coercion. Democracy is a concept reflecting European philosophies, struggles and concerns. Many Ethiopian ethnic groups have traditions which may offer more satisfactory and culturally acceptable foundations for a "sovereignty of the people" through time-honoured ways of voicing political ideas, ironic observations and vital interests. In line with modern urban life Ethiopians also organise and express their interests in non-governmental organisations, the independent press and advocacy groups representing political and social alternatives. The contributors to this book analyse the democratic potential of these movements and practices, their ability to give a voice to the view from below and their potential contribution to a more genuine participation by the majority of Ethiopians in democratic decision making and bringing the sovereignty of the people a step closer to reality.

  • 37.
    Baker, Bruce
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Multi-choice policing in Africa2008Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Policing is crucial to how Africans experience the freedoms of democracy and determines to a large degree the levels of economic investment they will enjoy. Yet it is a neglected area of study. Based on field research, this book reveals the surprising variety of people involved in policing besides the state police. Indeed many Africans are faced with a wide choice of public and private, legal and illegal, effective and ineffective policing. Policing in Africa is very much more than what the police do. It concerns the activities of business interests, residential communities, cultural groups, criminal organisations, local political figures and governments. How people negotiate this 'multi-choice' of policing options, and the implications of this for government and donor security policy, is the subject of this book It covers policing in all its forms in Sub-Saharan Africa, including two case studies of Uganda and Sierra Leone.

  • 38.
    Baker, Jonathan
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Ethiopia's road to perestroika: in search of the end of the rainbow?1990Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 39.
    Baker, Jonathan
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Small town Africa: studies in rural-urban interaction1990Konferanseproceedings (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Small towns have often been considered as unimportant and have been largely ignored by policy-makers and researchers. Instead, attention was focussed on the large city or on rural development and agricultural change without consideration of the positive contribution that small towns can make to rural transformation. But for the rural majority of Africa's population it is the small town with which they have the most intense contacts. Case studies are presented from Botswana, Ethiopia, Kenya, Mali, Nigeria, Somalia, Sudan, Zambia and Zimbabwe.

  • 40.
    Baldwin, Alan
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Wästberg, Per
    Hall, Anthony
    Ekström, Margareta
    Dimbaza - dödens hemland: bilder från tvångsförflyttningarnas Sydafrika1976Bok (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 41.
    Basedau, Matthias
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Erdmann, GeroMehler, Andreas
    Votes, money and violence: political parties and elections in Sub-Saharan Africa2007Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Following the (re-)introduction of multiparty systems in Africa in the early 1990s, third and fourth elections in Africa's new democracies and hybrid regimes are now being seen. Although there is a large and growing literature on democracy and elections in Africa, parties and party systems have hitherto not been the focus of research, which may be surprising given their central role in a liberal democracy. The early works from the 1960s and 1970s provide neither a sound conceptual nor empirical basis. Research on political parties and party systems in Africa is still in its infancy. Various contributions in this volume address the theoretical and conceptual challenges provided by the African parties and party systems with their particular features of weak organisation, informal relationships dominated by 'big men' and clientelism within a neopatrimonial setting. Others raise the crucial question of representation in relation to ethnicity, civil society and gender, or look into the empirical relationship between party systems and democracy. Further chapters ask questions about the appropriate electoral system for the multiethnic context in Africa and deal with the problem of electoral system reform. Finally, there are chapters which focus on the neglected area of electoral violence, and the moral role of money and vote buying is scrutinized through a case study. An important conclusion is that party research in Africa needs more conceptual clarity as well as empirical research particularly on party organisation, voting behaviour, and the role of ethnicity.

  • 42.
    Beckman, Björn
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Organising the farmers: cocoa politics and national development in Ghana1976Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The United Ghana Farmers' Council was the farmers' wing of the Convention People's Party, which, led by Kwame Nkrumah, gained independence for Ghana in 1957. The Farmers' Council was dissolved and banned in 1966, together with other CPP organisations, after a military coup had overthrown the Nkrumah government. This book is primarly about the Farmers' Council and its functions in the political and economic system established by the CPP.

  • 43. Benabdallah, Lina
    et al.
    Murillo-Zamora, Carlos
    Adetula, Victor
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit. University of Jos, Nigeria. .
    Global South Perspectives on International Relations Theory.2017Inngår i: International Relations Theory / [ed] Stephen McGlinchey, Rosie Walters , Christian Sc heinpthy, Bristol, England: E-International Relations Publishing , 2017, s. 125-130Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The Global South is generally understood to refer to less economically developed countries. It is a broad term that comprises a variety of states with diverse levels of economic, cultural, and political influence in the international order. Although International Relations is an interdisciplinary field of study, it has historically been studied from a very Eurocentric perspective that does not always help us to understand developments occurring in  the  Global  South. Understanding Global South perspectives starts with a discussion of the Western-centric focus of mainstream IR theories. It also recognises the challenges facing scholars from the Global South that might help to explain why Global South perspectives are largely absent from mainstream debates. The ultimate goal is to broaden the field of view within IR theory to incorporate a more just and representative understanding of international relations.The main weakness of mainstream Western IR theories is that they are not universally experienced as mainstream. The concepts they are based on do not unequivocally reflect or match the reality in many Global South states. Furthermore, certain questions that are central to Global South perspectives are absent or under-theorised in mainstream scholarship. Tickner (2016, 1) for example points out that issues of race and empire have been missing from mainstream theories despite the existence of solid scholarship in postcolonial and poststructuralist studies. Curiously, she adds, colonial dominations profoundly shaped the state of the current global order, yet they are not even remotely central to mainstream IR. Today, there is a growing body of scholarship that pays attention to the context of international relations theories in Africa, Asia and Latin America and to the diverse interpretations within these vast regions. Much of this scholarship has been produced under the umbrella term of ‘global IR’.

  • 44.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Conclusion: From Deconstruction to Reconstruction2017Inngår i: State Building and National Identity Reconstruction in the Horn of Africa / [ed] Redie Bereketeab, Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan, 2017, s. 225-235Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 45.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Democracy or one-party system: political development in the Sudan after the 2015 election2015Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In June, Al-Bashir, Sudan's leader since 1989, was sworn in for another five years as president. Few if any experts had expected any other outcome of the 2015 election. But will the 71 year old ex-military leader, who is accused by the ICC of war crimes in Darfur, continue his initiatives for national dialogue and overcome the country's major economic and security hurdles?

  • 46.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Djibouti: Strategic Location, an Asset or a Curse2016Inngår i: Journal of African Foreign Affairs, ISSN 2056-564X, Vol. 3, nr 1&2, s. 5-18Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 47.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Eritrea’s refugee crisis and the role of the international community2016Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Five thousand refugees leave Eritrea each month according to UNHCR, making it one of the world’s fastest-emptying countries. In this policy note, Redie Bereketeab, researcher at the Nordic Africa Institute, analyses the role and responsibility of the international community in the Eritrean migration crisis.

  • 48.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Introduction: Challenges of State Building, State Reconstruction and National Identity Reconfiguration2017Inngår i: State Building and National Identity Reconstruction in the Horn of Africa / [ed] Redie Bereketeab, Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan, 2017, 1, s. 3-21Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 49.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Introduction: understanding national liberation movements2017Inngår i: National Liberation Movements as Governments in Africa, New York: Routledge, 2017, 1, s. 3-16Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 50.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Les Defis de la Construction del l'Etat au Sud-Soudan2013Inngår i: Afrique Contemporaine, ISSN 0002-0478, Vol. 246, s. 35-52Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
1234567 1 - 50 of 496
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