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  • 1.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, African International Links.
    Social Branding in Urban Burkina Faso2014Inngår i: Nordic Journal of African Studies, ISSN 1235-4481, E-ISSN 1459-9465, Vol. 23, nr 2, 83-99 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In the past decade Diaspo youths – second generation immigrants in Côte d’Ivoire who were forced to migrate to their parents’ country of origin, Burkina Faso, during the Ivorian civil war– have become a visible presence in Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso’s second largest city. By consciously displaying their Ivorian origins, they have provoked both the admiration and resentment of local youths, whose ambivalence towards the outspoken and colourful newcomers stems from Côte d’Ivoire’s central role as a destination for Burkinabé labour migrants since the colonial period. Regardless of this animosity, Diaspo youth culture has made its mark on the city.

    This paper explores the response of Diaspo youths to their social stigmatisation and argues that their claims to recognition and access may be understood as a process of social branding. It may be seen as a self-aware performance of otherness, intended to evoke a collective identity that is mediated through a specific set of aesthetics to a well-defined audience.

  • 2.
    Cheru, Fantu
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, African International Links.
    Modi, Renu
    Agricultural Development and Food Security in Africa: The Impact of Chinese, Indian and Brazilian Investments2013Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The subject of food security and land issues in Africa has become one of increased importance and contention over recent years. In particular, the focus has shifted to the role new Global South donors - in particular India, China and Brazil - are playing in shaping African agriculture through their increased involvement and investment in the continent. Approaching the topic through the framework of South-South co-operation (SSC), this highly original volume presents a critical analysis of the ways in which Chinese, Indian and Brazilian engagements in African agriculture are structured and implemented. Do these investments have the potential to create new opportunities to improve local living standards, transfer new technology and knowhow to African producers, and reverse the persistent productivity decline in African agriculture? Or will they simply aggravate the problem of food insecurity by accelerating the process of land alienation and displacement of local people from their land? Topical and comprehensive, ‘Agricultural Development and Food Security in Africa’ offers fresh insight into a set of relationships that will shape both Africa and the world over the coming decades.

  • 3.
    Cheru, Fantu
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, African International Links.
    Modi, Renu
    Introduction: peasants, the state and foreign direct investment in African agriculture2013Inngår i: Agricultural Development and Food Security in Africa: The Impact of Chinese, Indian and Brazilian Investments, Nordiska Afrikainstitutet; Zed Books , 2013, 1-11 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 4.
    Hårsmar, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, African International Links.
    Relations Key to Innovations – Peasants, Institutions and Technical Change on the Mossi Plateau in Burkina Faso2013Inngår i: African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development, Vol. 5, nr 1, 15-18 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    How can technical changes within food crop cultivation in a country like Burkina Faso be explained? This is an important question for the reduction of poverty, for enhanced food security as well as for economic growth. Poor countries, where agriculture is dominating broad based economic growth, require increased productivity in food crop cultivation. This study builds on fieldwork from three villages, undertaken in 2001/2002 and in 2010. The villages are situated on the ‘Mossi plateau’ in central Burkina Faso, where chronic poverty is widespread. The study finds the character of diffusion channels and the role of social relations to be decisive in explaining access, choice and adoption of new techniques. The innovation system theory is found relevant, not least because of its focus on power structures and relations between actors. To further strengthen such systems, intermediary organizations should be supported and informal institutions transformed.

  • 5.
    Åkesson, Lisa
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, African International Links.
    Making migrants responsible for development: Cape Verdean returnees and Northern migration policies2011Inngår i: Africa Spectrum, ISSN 0002-0397, E-ISSN 1868-6869, Vol. 41, nr 1, 61-83 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, there has been a surge of “Northern” policy documents concerned with increasing the positive effects of international migration in countries of origin. This article contrasts some basic assumptions in policies on migration, return and development with an anthropological study of Cape Verdean returnees, and it reveals some important disparities between the returnees’ experiences and the ideas underpinning policy documents. The article analyses the role returnees’ savings and skills play in local change in Cape Verde, and in particular it looks into entrepreneurial activities. This is related to a discussion of the conditions that must be fulfilled in order to make it possible for return migrants to contribute to positive social change. In conclusion, the article shows that structural conditions have a fundamental impact on individual migrants’ abilities to support development, a perspective often left out of contemporary policies.

  • 6.
    Åkesson, Lisa
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, African International Links.
    The queue outside the embassy: Remittances, inequality and restrictive migration regimes2013Inngår i: International Migration, Vol. 51, nr 3, e1-e12 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article juxtaposes theoretical notions concerning the relationship between migrant remittances and socio-economic inequality with an anthropological case study of remittances in Cape Verde. Contemporary theorizing involves, firstly, the idea that remittances do not benefit the poorest; secondly, the conclusion that the impact of remittances changes over time; thirdly, the notion that family structure influences the distribution of remittances; and fourthly the proposition that remittances have a stronger impact on social stratification when linked to the return of a migrant. The primary aim of the article is to use these theoretical notions as entry-points for analysing how remittances interplay with patterns of inequality in Cape Verde. A second aim is to examine the explanatory power of the theories through applying them to this specific case. The article demonstrates that remittances in some cases benefit the poorest in Cape Verde and that this has to do with the long history of migration, which means that nearly everyone, irrespective of class, has a close relative abroad. It also shows that Cape Verdeans generally receive quite small amounts of money, which implies that they are seldom able to improve their economic situation in a more substantial way.In conclusion, the article contends that in order to fully appreciate the complex relationshipbetween remittances and socio-economic inequality it is necessary to take into account theimportance of other sources of income. Moreover, it argues that the contemporary restrictiveimmigration regimes in receiving countries have a fundamental impact on the socio-economic distribution of remittances. In studies of the relationship between remittances and inequality, this is an aspect that has been left out. Instead, theorizing tends to focus on factors that are internal to the countries of origin, and on the migrants’ links to these countries.

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