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  • 1.
    Adelman, Howard
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Suhrke, Astri
    The path of a genocide: the Rwanda crisis from Uganda to Zaire1999Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This collection of essays examines the decade (1986-97) that brackets the 1994 genocide in Rwanda, and is both a narrative of that event and a deep reexamination of the international role in ad-dressing humanitarian issues and complex emergencies. Nineteen donor countries and seventeen international organizations have pooled their efforts for an in-depth evaluation of the international response to the conflict in Rwanda.

  • 2.
    Amanor, Kojo Sebastian
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Global restructuring and land rights in Ghana: forest food chains, timber and rural livelihoods1999Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The report highlights the long history of commodification of land and labour in Ghana, linked to speculative activites and more recently to the activities of international capital, agribusiness, international agricultural centres and agencies of the state. It makes the case for a new land, agrarian and natural resource regime that prioritises domestic economic needs to provide security of livelihood to the generality of the people.

  • 3.
    Gaidzanwa, Rudo B.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Voting with their feet: migrant Zimbabwean nurses and doctors in the era of structural adjustment1999Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This research report examines the ways in which medical professionals have responded to the changing environment of work and livelihood in Zimbabwe since the adoption of a structural adjustment programme. Of particular interest are those doctors and nurses who took a decision to migrate from Zimbabwe to Botswana and South Africa in search of "greener" pastures.

  • 4.
    Hashim, Yahaya
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Meagher, Kate
    Cross-border trade and the parallel currency market - trade and finance in the context of structural adjustment: a case study from Kano, Nigeria1999Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    A "new regionalism" is gathering pace in West Africa, underpinned by the growing activities of informal cross-border traders. The authors of this study challenge the assumptions of the World Bank that the expansion in informal cross-border trade is a vindication of the market liberalising thrust of structural adjustment, and that adjustment policies have, in an organic manner, improved the effectiveness of an "independent" bourgeoisie that is emerging out of this trade as an agent of regional integration. Instead, they make the case for the adoption of what they call a "development approach" for tapping the benefits of the informal currency markets, as an alternative to the "market coercion" of structural adjustment.

  • 5.
    Malmström, Maria Frederika
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Möte med det främmande – Kvinnlig könsstympning1999Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Fokus i denna målgruppsanalys är lärares, förskollärares och fritidspedagogers kunskap, handlingsförfarande och förhållningssätt avseende kvinnlig könsstympning. Syftet är att finna metoder för att stödja dessa personalgrupper samt möjliggöra en utveckling av en handlingsplan.

    Studien har utförts på två skolor i en multietnisk förort i Göteborg, varav en skola är ett lågstadium och den andra ett mellan- och högstadium. Jag har i studien arbetat utifrån ett socialantropologiskt perspektiv och med kvalitativ metod. Det empiriska materialet har tillgodosetts genom intervjuer samt observationer. Specifikt för dessa skolor är att de har en hög grad av omsättning av resurspersonal[1]och vissa tjänster är eller har varit vakanta under längre tid. Vidare är förtroendet, på en av skolorna, för den befintliga skolledningen av bristande karaktär.

    Studien visar framför allt att skolpersonalen har en mycket begränsad kunskap om kvinnlig könsstympning. I stort sett finns ingen vetskap om skolpersonalens skyldighet i denna fråga. De har heller inte i dagsläget ett klart och övergripande handlingsförfarande, bland annat för att kunskapsbehovet gällande kvinnlig könsstympning inte alls har uppmärksammats, trots att två av deltagarna upplevt stark misstanke om kvinnlig könsstympning.

    Konklusionerna är, då all skolpersonal i Sverige har anmälningsplikt vad gäller misstanke och vetskap om kvinnlig könsstympning, att en särskild satsning bör göras av skolverket, vad gäller invandrartäta skolor, som har elever som ursprungligen kommer från områden som praktiserar seden. En utbildning om kvinnlig könsstympning bör erbjudas all skolpersonal och rutiner för varje skola utarbetas. Det är lämpligt att utbildningens perspektiv är holistiskt - sociala, medicinska, kulturella aspekter ingår därmed, vilket bland annat innebär reflektioner i relation till sedvänjan. En kontextuell kunskap om kvinnlig könsstympning är av yttersta vikt, för att skolpersonalen ska lära känna de människor som praktiserar sedvänjan, samt nå en förståelse för varför denna sed brukas. Detta är grundläggande för att en bearbetning och förståelse av kvinnlig könsstympning ska vara möjlig och för att kunna nå ett etiskt handlingsförfarande.

    En fokusering på resurspersoner: skolsköterska, kurator, psykolog, läkare, specialpedagog och rektor är viktig, då dessa personer bör inneha rollen som nyckelpersoner, vad gäller expertis och stöd i relation till kvinnlig könsstympning. Resurspersonalen kan verka både som ett känslomässigt och professionellt stöd för elever och övrig skolpersonal. Studien påvisar att det är angeläget att resurspersoner i skolan har kompetens om kvinnlig könsstympning och finns till förfogande i stödjande och kunskapsgivande syfte, att skolledningen fungerar i sin funktion, samt att dialoger och diskussioner förs mellan minoritets- och majoritetssamhället, inom olika arenor i det svenska samhället.

    Slutligen är det viktigt i ett varaktigt förändringsarbete mot kvinnlig könsstympning, såväl i skolan som i övriga samhället, att det i arbetet finns representanter för berörda folkgrupper på alla nivåer. Det är viktigt att människor själva får tillfälle att reflektera över seden, och på sikt söka finna alternativ för den mening som går förlorad när bruket av denna sed upphör samt erhålla för dem giltiga skäl för ett upphörande av sedvänjan.

    [1] Jag använder i arbetet begreppet resurspersonal, vilket inkluderar skolsjuksköterska, skolläkare, kurator, psykolog, specialpedagog och rektor.

  • 6.
    Malmström, Maria Frederika
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Möte med det främmande – Kvinnlig könsstympning: Lärares, förskollärares och fritidspedagogers kunskap, handlingsförfarande och förhållningssätt avseende kvinnlig könsstympning1999Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 7.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet,
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Report of the conference Nordic Solidarity with the Liberation Struggles in Southern Africa, and Challenges for Democratic Partnerships into the 21st Century, 11-14 February, 19991999Konferanseproceedings (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 8.
    Obi, Cyril I.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Civil Society in Nigeria: The state of the Art Review1999Inngår i: CIVIC AGENDA, nr 2-3Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 9.
    Obi, Cyril I.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Financing the Oil Industry in a Developing Economy: The Nigerian case1999Inngår i: Energy Crisis in Nigeria: Causes, Effects, Solutions / [ed] Siddi’ E. Mkpandiok, Abuja: Pengassan-NNPC , 1999Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 10.
    Obi, Cyril I.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Globalization and Environmental Conflict in Africa1999Inngår i: African Journal of Political Science, Vol. 4, nr 1Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 11.
    Obi, Cyril I.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Oil and Democratization in Nigeria1999Inngår i: AAPS Newsletter, Vol. 4, nr 1Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 12.
    Obi, Cyril I.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Political and Social Change1999Inngår i: Elements of Political Science / [ed] Remi Anifowoshe and Francis Enemuo, Lagos: Malthouse , 1999Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 13.
    Obi, Cyril I.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Resources, Population and Conflicts: Two African Case Studies1999Inngår i: Africa Development, ISSN 0850-3907, Vol. XXIV, nr 3-4Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 14.
    Obi, Cyril I.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    The crisis of environmental governance in the Niger Delta 1985-19961999Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 15.
    Obi, Cyril I.
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Abutudu, Musa
    Election Observers1999Inngår i: Nigeria: Politics of Transition and Governance 1986 – 1996 / [ed] Oyeleye Oyediran and Adigun Agbaje, Dakar: CODESRIA , 1999Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 16.
    Obi, Cyril I.
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Okwechime, Iwebunor
    The Technical Aid Corps in Nigeria’s Foreign Policy1999Inngår i: Selected Themes in Nigerian Foreign Policy and International Relations / [ed] Hassan A. Saliu, Ilorin: Sally and Associates , 1999Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 17.
    Ongile, Grace Atieno
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Gender and agricultural supply responses to structural adjustment programmes: a case study of smallholder tea producers in Kericho, Kenya1999Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the gender implications of agricultural sector reform in Kenya. The author focuses on smallholder tea production with the aim of pinpointing the factors that influence the adoption of tea among male and female farmers assessing female farmers' perceptions of the changes in living standards over the research period, and suggesting appropriate policy reforms to ensure that women's interests are taken into account in the design of agricultural reforms.

  • 18.
    Palmberg, Mai
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    National identity and democracy in Africa1999Konferanseproceedings (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    "This is not a contribution to nation-building. I hope it helps disrupt nation-building". These words by film-maker Zackie Ahmat gave a kick-start to the discussions at the international conference on "National Identity and Democracy" held at the University of the Western Cape 14-18 March 1997, and they also introduce the theme for the book with some of the best contributions to the conference.

    Ahmat's understanding of "nation-building" was the kind of cultural homogenisation ordered from above which has been the rule in many parts of the world, not least in Africa. Nation-building has here often been been a hypocritical cloak for the hegemony of an elite, sometimes mobilising support from just one cultural group. By the title of the conference the organisers wanted to invite a discussion both on the insight that building a nation and building democracy are not necessarily twins, and on the risks of the misuse of power in the name of the nation.

    South Africa represents a possible and hopeful departure from the homogenisation model, with its explicit pluralism expressed in the adoption of 11 official languages. Six of the papers deal with the South African experiment, with an examination of the policy of non-racialism and the specific challenges posed by migrant workers, group identities and the themes of gender and nation. Other chapters are case studies from national identity formation on the contested cultural terrain in Zimbabwe, Kenya, Angola, Nigeria, and Tanzania. The book also contains an annotated bibliography.

  • 19.
    Reyntjens, Filip
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Talking or fighting?: political evolution in Rwanda and Burundi, 1998-19991999Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Just like in 1997, there is a great deal of continuity in the political revolution of Rwanda and Burundi, but its regional impact is felt even more, especially in the case of Rwanda. Although the civil war is still ravaging the country, in Burundi the search for a political solution is moving at a snail's pace, through the dual process of political partnership within the country and the Arusha negotiations. On the other hand, the regime in Rwanda continues to favour the military option, which, moreover, has met with some success following the second intervention in the Congo and the regroupment of an important section of the population in the Northwest. While, in Burundi, the political landscape remains divided and even fragmented, in Rwanda the RPF has reinforced its grasp on a tightly-controlled system, notably through the destruction of the MDR. Cohesion within the RPF, however, is by no means guaranteed. At the political level, the system in Burundi is undoubtedly more inclusive than that of the Rwandan regime, whose base continues to shrink. While Rwanda has opted for the path of almost absolute control, Burundi continues its quest for political solutions, although the process is fragile and success is far from guaranteed. In August 1998, Rwanda reaffirmed its ambitions as a regional military power. Furthermore, even more than in 1996-1997, the Congolese operation opens up access to resources which not only help finance the war, but also enrich some political and military actors in Kigali. Although the Burundian army has also become involved in the Congo, its ambitions seem more limited. Furthermore, the regional alliances have become clearer and more visible, which does not necessarily mean that they are stable.

  • 20.
    Sachikonye, Lloyd M.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Restructuring or de-industrializing?: Zimbabwe's textile and metal industries under structural adjustment1999Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This report is a contribution to the growing literature on the impact of structural adjustment on the manufacturing sector in Africa and it has the distinction of being one of the first longitudinal surveys assessing the experience of Zimbabwean manufacturers under the country's economic structural adjustment programme (ESAP) from 1990 to 1995. It documents the detailed experiences of selected textile and metal firms under ESAP and concludes that the adjustment framework has caused deindustrialization. ESAP also took a heavy toll on the living and working conditions of manufacturing sector workers. The report makes a strong case for the abandonment of the orthodox structural adjustment framework of industrial restructuring and the pursuit of an alternative approach that is more favourable to the local accumulation of capital.

  • 21.
    Schlyter, Ann
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Recycled inequalities: youth and gender in George compound, Zambia1999Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This report addresses concerns about gender inequalities, democracy and deteriorating urban living conditions in Zambia. It presents a study of the reality facing youth born and raised in a peri-urban area, George compound in Lusaka. Changes in political and community organisation and deteriorating living conditions affect young women and men differently, and gender relations have to be re-negotiated. The report voices the youths' concerns about their family situation and gender identity. Male gender identities based on breadwinning and sexual activity become problematic in times of unemployment and HIV. Young women tie their identity to motherhood, but some of those who get an education aim for a working career and relative independence before marriage. Existing gender inequalities are challenged but often recycled in slightly different forms.

  • 22.
    Sellström, Tor
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Liberation in Southern Africa - regional and Swedish voices: interviews from Angola, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Zimbabwe, the frontline and Sweden1999Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The interviews in this book were conducted for the Nordics Africa Institute's research project 'National liberation in Southern Africa - The role of the nordic countries'. Around 80 representatives of the Southern African liberation movements, as well as Swedish and other opinion makers, administrators and politicians, reflect on the Nordic support to these struggles. Prominent leaders - among them Joaquim Chissano, Kenneth Kaunda and Thabo Mbeki - give their views on a relationship that largely developed outside the public arena. The book is a reference source to a unique North-South relationship in the Cold War period.

  • 23.
    Sellström, Tor
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Sweden and national liberation in Southern Africa. Vol. 1, Formation of a popular opinion (1950-1970)1999Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In 1969, the Swedish parliament endorsed a policy of direct assistance to the liberation movements in Southern Africa. Sweden thus became the first Western country to enter into a relationship with organizations that elsewhere in the West were shunned as ‘Communist’ or ‘terrorist’. This book traces the background to the relationship. Presenting the actors and the factors behind the support to MPLA of Angola, FRELIMO of Mozambique, SWAPO of Namibia, ZANU and ZAPU of Zimbabwe and ANC of South Africa, it addresses the question why Sweden established those close relations with the very movements that eventually would assume state power in their respective countries. The second volume (appearing in late 1999) will discuss how the support was expressed, covering the period from 1970 to 1994.

  • 24.
    Silberschmidt, Margrethe
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    "Women forget that men are the masters": gender antagonism and socio-economic change in Kisii District, Kenya1999Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    A study about conflicts between men and women in contemporary Kiskii, Kenya. The author argues that male identity, sense of worth and prestige have been more deeply affected by socio-economic change than that of female identity. Feminists, in particular, will find this study deeply provocative but a good read.

  • 25. Soiri, Iina
    et al.
    Peltola, Pekka
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Finland and national liberation in Southern Africa1999Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Finland's special characteristics as a Nordic, non-aligned welfare state gave it the resources and motivation to support liberation movements - in spite of restrictions arising from trade interests and a reluctance to jeopardise the country's neutral image. The study shows that, although it is not an easy task, in a democracy ordinary, dedicated people can, over time, influence political decision making at its most closed and guarded area, foreign politics.

  • 26.
    Stiansen, Endre
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Guyer, Jane I.
    Credit, currencies and culture: African financial institutions in historical perspective1999Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    A striking feature of African history is the volume of commerce and production that has been possible without the full panoply of credit, insurance, futures markets, stock companies, limited liability, and other legal and financial services that make up the formal sector of modern economies. This volume investigate institutional nexuses through which money has been managed in Africa. Together they present important perspectives that are needed to understand the present economic crisis on the continent.

  • 27.
    Wieslander, Anna
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Svenskar i Afrika1999Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 28.
    Wohlgemuth, Lennart
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Common security and civil society in Africa1999Konferanseproceedings (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This book is the outcome of a conference on Common Security and Civil Society in Africa, held in 1997, and organised jointly by the Nordic Africa Institute and the Common Security Forum, based at the Centre for History and Economics, King's College and the Harvard Center for Population and Development Studies.

    The idea that security is to be achieved by cooperation more than by confrontation, and that it is an economic and social as well as a military condition, has been a commonplace of international politics for some 20 years. The geometry of common or extended security is complex. But it usually involves an extension of the domain of security, of the sources of security, and of the characteristics of security. Among these diverse kinds of security, it is political security which has come into particular prominence at the end of the 1990s, most strikingly in Africa. Political security, in the sense of legal and political institutions such that individuals feel secure both in their individual rights and in the development of political culture, has come to be seen as the foundation of all other kinds of security.

    The papers presented in this volume seek to go 'beyond the war of images', to imagine a different and more secure future, and they are concerned with five major themes: economic and social change; the prevention of violent conflict; the causes of conflict; political security; the international politics of development partnership.

1 - 28 of 28
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