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  • 1.
    Andersson, Per-Åke
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Bigsten, Arne
    Persson, Håkan
    Foreign aid, debt and growth in Zambia2000Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This study first discusses the structural problems of Zambia and the policies of adjustment that have been tried. It then uses a computable general equilibrium model to analyse the impact of various strategies with regard to external resource transfers. It compares the impacts of foreign loans or grants to the private and the public sectors, as well as the impact of a turnaround of the country's fortunes with regard to its external terms of trade. The results of the policy analysis show that the scope for growth is highly dependent on the tightness of the external resource constraint.

  • 2.
    Broch-Due, Vigdis
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Poverty, conflict and gender: the politics of reconstruction and redistribution 1996-1999: final report2000Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 3.
    Broch-Due, Vigdis
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Schroeder, Richard A.
    Producing nature and poverty in Africa2000Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Development donors have supported thousands of environmental initiatives in Africa over the past quarter century. The contributors to this provocative new collection of essays assess these projects and conclude that environmental programmes constitute one of the major forms of foreign and state intervention in contemporary African affairs. Drawing on case study material from eight countries, the authors demonstrate clearly that environmental programmes themselves often have direct and far-reaching consequences for the distribution of wealth and poverty on the continent.

    Individual essays in the collection theorise specific forms of environmental intervention; the degree of historical discontinuity that exists between contemporary and past environmental policies and practices; the effect environmental programmes have had on localised systems of knowledge and value regimes; the strategies of accumulation that have been spun out of heavy donor and state investment in environmental programmes; and the numerous social, cultural and political-economic dislocations these initiatives have produced in African environments all across the continent.

  • 4.
    Eriksen, Tore Linné
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Norway and national liberation in Southern Africa2000Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This book documents and analyses the involvement of Norway in the liberation struggle in Southern Africa. Apart from focussing on the formulation of official policies and the extensive cooperation with the liberation movements in the field of humanitarian assistance, mainly based on the Ministry of Foreign Affairs records, the study highlights the popular involvement and commitment to the struggle. Separate chapters are concerned with the churches, trade unions and solidarity movements, such as the Norwegian Council for Southern Africa and the Namibia Committee. The book also includes a case study on the battle for sanctions.The Study forms part of the Nordic Africa Institute's research and documentation project "National Liberation in Southern Africa: The Role of the Nordic Countries".

  • 5.
    Havnevik, Kjell
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Sandström, Emil
    The institutional context of poverty eradication in rural Africa: proceedings from a seminar in tribute to the 20th anniversary of the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)2000Konferanseproceedings (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This volume presents papers focusing on politico-economic reforms in Africa and their impact on different groups of rural poor; and on the role that access to assets can play in addressing poverty issues. The volume also covers IFAD's twenty years of experience, new challenges and opportunities in smallholder development in East and southern Africa, and knowledge creation and dissemination in the context of strategic partnerships and alliances.

  • 6.
    Jega, Attahiru
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Identity transformation and identity politics under structural adjustment in Nigeria2000Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    All over the world, there has been a massive resurgence in the politics of identity, including especially those forms of identity which, for a long time, were considered as negative and inimical to national unity. Today, ethnicity and religion have become major rallying points for political agitation, resulting in violent intra- and inter-state conflicts and posing direct challenges to national and regional stability as well as the post-1945 nation-state project across the world.

    This volume is dedicated to a discussion of various dimensions of the resurgence of identity politics in contemporary Nigeria. It is the product of a field-based research effort undertaken by a national working group which was keen to explore the origins, dimensions, and consequences of the increased spate of intra- and inter-communal conflicts within Nigeria in the context of a deep-seated national economic crisis, attempts at structural adjustment implementation, and a prolonged programme of transition from military to elected civilian rule. Such platforms of political mobilisation as ethnicity and religion, and the ways in which they combine with each other and with other variables like regional identities, are discussed along side the increase in the political significance of various aspects of youth and gender identities. In this sense, the contributions in this volume represent the first comprehensive effort to understand the dissolution and recom-position of popular political identities in contemporary Nigeria.

  • 7.
    Kanyinga, Karuti
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Re-distribution from above: the politics of land rights and squatting in coastal Kenya2000Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Using empirical evidence collected from the coastal district of Kenya, an area with a long history of private land ownership which is also situated in a country with one of the most comprehensive efforts at land tenure reform dating from the colonial period, this report challenges the key assumptions of the proponents of land indivualization. In so doing, the author not only points to the many dysfunctionalities associated with land privatisation, including the numerous conflicts it generates on account of the dispossessions and landlessness associated with it, it also reinforces the growing critique that customary land tenure is far more complex and flexible than its critics are prepared to concede.

  • 8.
    Moyo, Sam
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Land reform under structural adjustment in Zimbabwe: land use change in the Mashonaland provinces2000Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This report examines the role of economic liberalisation in the reconstruction of the political economy of Zimbabwe's land question. Since the Economic Structural Adjustment Programme (ESAP) was introduced in 1990, the universe of policies surrounding and influencing the nature and scale of land reform has been changing in tandem with changing and varied supply responses to ESAP-related policy incentives within Zimbabwe's bi-modal agrarian structure. These responses are manifested in emerging new land use patterns and production processes oriented towards global markets. The growth of new export oriented land uses are a key determinant of the changing land question through their salient influence on transforming the structural and technological parameters of land use and the exchange values of land, and, therefore, of land ownership.

    Unequal benefits from ESAP reforms, especially from new land uses, however, fuel the struggle for more land redistribution. Thus a major result of these land use shifts is the changing organisation of the politics of landholders and land seekers, especially in their relations to the state, reflecting renewed struggle among various constituencies for historical and normative land rights against those seeking to preserve existing land rights in the context of an increasingly market-based land policy framework.

    A case study approach focusing on horticulture, wildlife and ostrich land uses, their economic features and impacts, and their socio-political ramifications was pursued between 1995 and 1997. Detailed case data and experiences were garnered from Zimbabwe's Mashonaland provinces and numerous secondary sources from the macro to the farmer and household level. The study assesses the direction and scale of these new rural land uses in Zimbabwe's prime lands with particular emphasis on the 1990-1996 period. It traces the new forms of land use in relation to emerging land bidding and ownership structures/ social relations of production among large scale and small farmers, private agrarian market agents, and the state itself. The emergence of new forms of rural land and commodity markets, new trends in socio-political organisation and policy advocacy among farmers' groups and other interest groups, as well as the changing relationship of government agencies to the control and use of land and commodity production, were the main social processes and relations examined.

  • 9.
    Nilsson, Desirée
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Internally displaced, refugees and returnees from and in the Sudan: a review2000Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The Sudan has been at war since independence intermitted only by a brief period of peace that lasted for a decade. The civil war that has been ravaging the country as well as the conflicts in the neighbouring countries have contributed to the difficult problem of population displacement in the region.

    Sweden has for many years contributed disaster relief to the Sudan. The Swedish humanitarian development assistance directed to meet the needs of the Sudanese people is currently at a stable 70 million SEK. It is very important to take into account the experiences gained on population displacement in order to prevent more disasters from taking place but also to improve the assistance given to the people who have already left their homes. With this aim, the Swedish Government has just adopted a new strategy for humanitarian assistance to Sudan, focusing on protection for the internally displaced, particularly women and children.

    State of the art reviews concerning refugees and the displaced in Mozambique and Somalia have previously been published by the Nordic Africa Institute and Sida within the series Studies on Emergencies and Disaster Relief. This report is another contribution within that series and it will hopefully serve as a source to some of the research on population displacement from and in the Sudan. The report comprises a review of the literature and includes comments on priorities for future research.

  • 10.
    Obi, Cyril I.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Globalised images of Environmental Security in Africa2000Inngår i: Review of African Political Economy, ISSN 0305-6244, E-ISSN 1740-1720, Vol. 83Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 11.
    Obi, Cyril I.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Last Card: Can Nigeria survive another Transition?2000Inngår i: African Journal of Political Science, Vol. 5, nr 2Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 12.
    Obi, Cyril I.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Nigeria and Britain2000Inngår i: Selected Readings on Nigeria’s Foreign Policy and International Relations / [ed] R.A. Akindele and B.E. Ate, Lagos; Ibadan: NIIA; Vantage , 2000Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 13.
    Obi, Cyril I.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Oil Minority Rights and the Question of Democratic Stability in Nigeria2000Inngår i: Journal of Cultural Studies, ISSN 1595-0956, Vol. 2, nr 1Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 14.
    Obi, Cyril I.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Reflections on the Funding of Social Science Research in Nigeria2000Inngår i: The Nigerian Social Scientist, Vol. 2, nr 2Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 15.
    Obi, Cyril I.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Report on National Developments2000Inngår i: Quarterly Report on Transformation and Democracy / [ed] Akin Fadahunsi; Tunde Babawale; Bash Olusupo, Lagos: Friedrich Ebert Stiftung , 2000Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 16.
    Obi, Cyril I.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Trends and Prospects of Civil Society Empowerment for Poverty Reduction in Sub-Saharan Africa2000Inngår i: Annual Report: Civil Society Programme for Poverty Reduction in Sub-Saharan Africa / [ed] -, Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa (CODESRIA); United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) , 2000Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 17.
    Palmberg, Mai
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Cultural Images and Expressions.
    Afrikabild för partnerskap?: Afrika i de svenska skolböckerna2000Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sverige har initierat ett nytt kapitel i sina relationer med Afrika under benämningen "partnerskap". Mot den bakgrunden har författaren till denna studie granskat hur Afrika framställs i 62 aktuella högstadieböcker i SO-ämnen. Skolböckerna har en stor betydelse som formare av vår världsbild och som återspeglare av tidsandan, men undgår vanligtvis all kritisk granskning. Denna bok ger både ris och ros. Den varnar för generaliseringar och föreslår kompletterande material som kan ge en mer intressant och levande Afrikabild.

  • 18.
    Reyntjens, Filip
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Small states in an unstable region: Rwanda and Burundi, 1999-20002000Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    "Small States in an Unstable Region - Rwanda and Burundi 1999-2000" is the second overview by Filip Reyntjens on present development sin Rwanda and Burundi. The first one "Talking or Fighting?" (published 1999) covered the period 1998-1999. In the new publication questions such as governance and institutions, human rights, justice, civil wars, opposition and political dialogue in Rwanda and Burundi are investigated as well as how the regional situation, resulting from the ongoing war in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, has a serious destabilizing effect on the internal situation in both countries.

  • 19.
    Skrydstrup, Martin
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Repatriating African artefacts : a preliminary draft : with particular reference to the ethnographic holdings in the Nordic countries2000Rapport (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 20.
    Weiss, Herbert F.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Krig och fred i Demokratiska republiken Kongo2000Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    En skildring av det aktuella läget i Demokratiska Republiken Kongo (f.d. Zaire) som visar hur förutsättningarna för den nuvarande händelseutvecklingen kan spåras till Kongokrisen i början av 1960-talet.

  • 21.
    Weiss, Herbert F.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    War and peace in the Democratic Republic of the Congo2000Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    A report on the last years' events in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, which have transformed the country into an arena of international and internal violence and conflict involving so many participants that it can be described as the first African continental war. The study also contains a historical background to the recent events in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

1 - 21 of 21
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