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  • 1.
    Adesida, Olugbenga
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Oteh, Arunma
    African voices, African visions2004Collection/Antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Does Africa have a future? What are the visions, hopes, ambitions and fears of young Africans for the future of the world, the continent, their nation, and their communities? How do they envisage this world and their roles within it?

    These issues have not previously been explored collectively by Africans because of the enormous challenges and the preoccupation with the present. But Africa must not allow the enormity of the problems to blind it to its past and future. Africa must chart its own vision of a desirable future and therefore young Africans, born just before or after independence, were challenged to reflect on the future of the continent. Many responded to the challenge, which has resulted in this volume containing a number of the contributions.

    In this book, the voices of a new generation of Africa are heard exploring the future from personal and diverse perspectives. The authors have enumerated the ills of Africa, analyzed the problems and explored the opportunities. Remarkably, despite the daunting nature of the challenges, they were all hopeful about the future. They provided their visions of the future, suggested numerous ideas on how to build a new Africa, and implored Africans to take responsibility for the transformation of the continent. Given the current emphasis on African renaissance and union, the ideas presented here could become the basis for a truly shared vision for the continent.

  • 2.
    Agbu, Osita
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Ethnic militias and the threat to democracy in post-transition Nigeria2004Rapport (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    The democratic opening presented by Nigeria’s successful transition to civil rule (June 1998 to May 1999) unleashed a host of hitherto repressed or dormant political forces. Unfortunately, it has become increasingly difficult to differentiate between genuine demands by these forces on the state and outright criminality and mayhem. Post-transition Nigeria is experiencing the proliferation of ethnic militia movements purportedly representing, and seeking to protect, their ethnic interests in a country, which appears incapable of providing the basic welfare needs of its citizens.

    It is against the background of collective disenchantment with the Nigerian state, and the resurgence of ethnic identity politics that this research interrogates the growing challenge posed by ethnic militias to the Nigerian democracy project. The central thesis is that the over-centralization of power in Nigeria’s federal practice and the failure of post-transitional politics in genuinely addressing the “National Question, has resulted in the emergence of ethnic militias as a specific response to state incapacity. The short- and long-term threats posed by this development to Nigeria’s fragile democracy are real, and justify the call for a National Conference that will comprehensively address the demands of the ethnic nationalities.

  • 3.
    Akindès, Francis
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    The roots of the military-political crises in Côte d'Ivoire2004Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    With the coup d’etat of 24 December 1999 and the politico-military conflict that started on 19 September 2002, Côte d’Ivoire broke with its tradition of political stability, which had served as a model in the West African sub-region. It is now facing an unprecedented crisis that is not only jeopardising the continuity of the state, but has also introduced a culture of violence into the society.This study has three objectives. The primary one is to understand the nature of this socio-political crisis, and what is at stake in it. Secondly, the study examines the issue of ivoirité. Finally, it explores the escalation of violence in this socio-political crisis and the catalogue of justifications for that violence.It is argued that the recurrence of military coups d’etat in Côte d’Ivoire signifies the delegitimisation of the modes of regulation built on the tontine system, and calls for a renewal of the political grammar and socio-political regulatory modalities around integrating principles that have yet to be devised.

    CONTENT

    Introduction

    CHAPTER 1. The Three Parameters of the Houphouët Boigny Compromise

    Deliberate and centralised openness policy to the outside world

    Philosophy of the “peanut roasters”

    Paternalistic management of social diversity

    CHAPTER 2. Houphouetism Shows Signs of Wear and Tear under Democratisation

    Confronting the issues: the political class and the criteria for political representation and legitimacy

    “Ivoirité” under Bédié, or the selective function of an ideology

    General Gueï’s variable-geometry Houphouetism

    The RDR, or Houphouetism the wrong way round

    The FPI, or the theoretical expression radical schism Immigration and its politicisation

    CHAPTER 3. The Problematic of “Ivoirité” and the Meaning of History in Côte d’Ivoire

    The social and political construction of “Ivoirité”

    Ideological justification

    Political justification

    Economic justification

    The constitution and ethno-nationalism

    Military coups d’état as therapy for “Ivoirité”?

    CHAPTER 4. The Course of History, or the Need for the Invention of Another Social Contract

    Alassane Dramane Ouattarra (ADO): symbol of the reality underlying the question of being a national

    An alternative to “slice” citizenship

    Bibliography

  • 4.
    Arnfred, Signe
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Re-thinking sexualities in Africa2004Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The volume brings together papers by African and Nordic/Scandinavian gender scholars and anthropologists, in attempts to investigate and critically discuss existing lines of thinking about sexuality in Africa, while at the same time creating space for alternative approaches. Issues of colonial and contemporary discourses on 'African sexuality' and on 'female genital mutilation' are being discussed, as well as issues of female agency and of feminists' engagement with HIV/AIDS. The volume contributes to contemporary efforts of re-thinking sexualities in the light of feminist, queer and postcolonial theory.

  • 5.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Perilous Dualism: language, religion and identity in polyethnic Eritrea2004Inngår i: Rights and the Politics of Recognition in Africa / [ed] Harri Englud and Francis B Nyamnjoh, London and New York: Zed Books , 2004, first, 219-236 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 6.
    Bond, Patrick
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    South Africa and global apartheid: continental and international policies and politics2004Konferanseproceedings (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This study covers a variety of political and economic aspects of Africa's and South Africa's relationships to the world. The author considers the context of global apartheid, in terms of international stagnation, uneven development and African marginalisation, and evaluates the South African setting as a telling site of worsening inequality. Where does then the New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD) stand on the largest economic and political problems? South Africa's other proposed global reforms are also discussed. Finally, the author records an emerging ideology based not on commodification via globalisation but on decommodification and deglobalisation, and the strategies, tactics and alliances required for African and international progress.

    CONTENT

    The context of global apartheid

    Class apartheid in South Africa

    NEPAD economics and global apartheid

    Whose NEPAD?

    South Africa’s frustrated international reforms

    Conclusion: African anti-capitalism?

    Figures and Table

  • 7.
    Bull-Christiansen, Lene
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Tales of the nation: feminist nationalism or patriotic history?2004Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In light of the uses and misuses of history in Zimbabwean politics in recent years, this research report focuses on how versions of the country’s liberation war history have become a site of struggle over the definition of Zimbabwean national identity. As identity politics’often do, Zimbabwean nationalism draws on a wide field of cultural symbols of identity and political discourses of inclusion and exclusion. Therefore, the report takes a cross-disciplinary approach to the issue of national identity by mapping out the imaginary field of Zimbabwean nationalism. This approach opens up the possibility of cross-reading the political discourses of the President and the ruling party ZANU (PF) with opposing voices such as those in the works of the author Yvonne Vera. This cross-reading shows how Vera's novels and the political discourses participate in the struggle over Zimbabwean national identity by offering different versions of the nation’s history in the form of patriotic history, feminist nationalism, or narratives of difference. In this way the research report adds to our understanding of power and resistance in Zimbabwean politics of national identity.

  • 8.
    Campbell, Bonnie K.
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Akabzaa, Thomas M.
    Butler, Paula
    Enjeux des nouvelles réglementations minières en Afrique2004Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Une des hypothèses qui sous-tend les discussions et une des recommandations centrales du Rapport de la « Extractive Industries Review » publié en 2003 par le Groupe de la Banque mondiale est celle selon laquelle la gouvernance d'un pays est un des facteurs déterminants de la contribution des industries extractives au développement. Cette étude comparative de la réforme des codes miniers en Afrique démontre que bien que la qualité de la gouvernance nationale soit certes un ingrédient clé, elle n'est pas une condition suffisante si elle n'est pas accompagnée de cadres réglementaires légaux et fiscaux appropriés pour atteindre des objectifs de développement et mis en application dans un contexte de bonnes politiques et de règles équitables au niveau international.

    À partir de l'analyse de cinq études de cas, (le Ghana, la Guinée, le Mali, Madagascar et la Tanzanie), le volume suggère que les réformes introduites au cours des vingt dernières années, en large mesure sur recommandation des institutions multilatérales de financement, ont impliqué une redéfinition si profonde du rôle de l'État qu'elle est sans précédent historique. L'étude comparative de trois générations de codes miniers africains mène à la conclusion que ces réformes ont pour effet d'abaisser les normes dans des domaines critiques pour le développement économique et social et pour la protection de l'environnement et ce, dans un nombre croissant de situations.

    La question qui se pose à partir de cette étude est de savoir si un pays qui libéralise et déréglemente afin d'être compétitif dans le contexte des nouvelles normes et incitations à  l'investissement et qui respecte ses obligations auprès de l'OMC, peutêtre en mesure de faire respecter ses normes environnementales et de poursuivre ses objectifs de développement comme par exemple d'établir des liens en amont et en aval de l'extraction des ressources naturelles afin de favoriser la valeur ajoutée grâce à la transformation locale, ou d'introduire des restrictions à l'import ou l'export si nécessaire afin d'encourager un contenu en intrants locaux et des industries productives locales. La réponse paraît moins que certaine.

  • 9.
    Campbell, Bonnie K.
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Akabzaa, Thomas M.
    Butler, Paula
    Regulating mining in Africa: for whose benefit?2004Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the main hypotheses underlying much of the discussion about extractive industries, and a central recommendation in the Report of the World Bank Group's Extractive Industries Review, is that the quality of a country's governance is a key determinant of the development outcomes of extractive industry activities. While the quality of national governance is undoubtedly a key ingredient, this comparative study of mining code reform in Africa seeks to demonstrate that no amount of local governance is sufficient if it is not accompanied by legal and fiscal frameworks designed to meet development objectives, and implemented in the context of good international policies and rules. Based on five case studies (Ghana, Guinea, Mali, Madagascar, and Tanzania), the volume suggests that the reform measures introduced largely on the recommendation of multilateral financial institutions over the last twenty years have entailed a redefinition of the role of the state so profound that it is without historical precedent. The comparative study of three generations of African mining codes concludes that past reforms have the potential to drive down standards in areas of critical importance to social and economic development, as well as to protecting the environment in the countries concerned.The question that arises from this study is whether a country which deregulates and liberalises in order to be fully competitive in the context of evolving norms and incentives, and which respects its obligations under WTO rules, can, indeed, ensure the enforcement of environmental norms, pursue development objectives that build backward and forward linkages to resource extraction (such as value added processing of minerals), and introduce "trade balancing," involving, if necessary, export/import restrictions to increase local content and stimulate local productive activities. At best, the answer to this question appears to be uncertain, leading to the further question: Regulating mining - for whose benefit?

  • 10.
    Gaasholt, Ole Martin
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    State decentralisation and local politics in Mali2004Inngår i: Cadernos de Estudos Africanos, ISSN 1645-3794, E-ISSN 2182-7400, nr 5-6, 75-88 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 11.
    Geisler, Gisela
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Women and the remaking of politics in Southern Africa: negotiating autonomy, incorporation and representation2004Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    African women have a long history of political involvement. Yet, the fervour with which they participated in anti-colonial struggles and supported national liberation were not acknowledged after independence leaving them to fight for representation and personal liberation on other fronts. This study looks at women’s struggles in Southern Africa where the last ten years have seen the most pervasive success stories on the African continent. Tracing the history of women’s involvement in anti-colonial struggles and against apartheid, the book analyses post-colonial outcomes and examines the strategies employed by women’s movements to gain a foothold in politics. In this book, the author presents in depth analyses and women’s narratives of their experiences in political parties, in the national machinery for the advancement of women and in the autonomous women’s movements.

  • 12. Hansen, Karen Tranberg
    et al.
    Vaa, Mariken
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Reconsidering informality: perspectives from urban Africa2004Bok (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    This book brings together two bodies of research on urban Africa that have tended to be separate: Studies of urban land use and housing, and studies of work and livelihoods. Africa’s future will be to an increasing extent urban. Nevertheless, the inherited legal, institutional and financial arrangements for managing urban development are inadequate. The recent decades of neo-liberal political and economic reforms have increased social inequality across urban space. Access to employment, shelter and services is precarious for most urban residents. Extra-legal housing and unregistered economic activities proliferate. Basic urban services are increasingly provided informally. The result is the phenomenal growth of the informal city and extra-legal activities. How do urban residents see these activities? What do they accomplish through them? How can these “informal” cities be governed?

    The case studies are drawn from a diverse set of cities on the African continent. A central theme is how practices that from an official standpoint are illegal or extra-legal do not only work but are considered legitimate by the actors concerned. Another is how the informal city is not exclusively the domain of the poor, but also provides shelter and livelihoods for better-off segments of the urban population.

     

  • 13.
    Kelsall, Tim
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Contentious politics, local governance and the self: a Tanzanian case study2004Rapport (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    The Governance Agenda is the framework that currently organises the West’s relations with Africa. The present work is an attempt to see Governance through the lens of a contemporary, local history. The report analyses three periods of contentious politics at local level in Tanzania and two multi-party elections. It provides a window on mismanagement in local government, it examines the intervention by national and local elites in district conflicts, and it points to the difficulties ordinary people face in holding their leaders to account.

    The argument of the report is that current approaches to the study of Governance overlook an essential ingredient for its potential success: namely, the sociological conditions in which forms of collective action conducive to improved political accountability become possible at a grassroots level. The analysis aims to show that economic diversification and multiple livelihoods have given rise to a reticular social structure in which individuals find it difficult to combine to hold their leaders to account. People have fragmented identities formed in networks of social relations, which impedes the emergence of strong collective identities appropriate to effective social movements.

  • 14.
    Lundahl, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Globalization and the Southern African economies2004Rapport (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    The present volume has its origin in a conference on globalization and Africa held in Cape Town at the end of 2001. It focuses on the place of Southern Africa in the globalized economy. The different chapters identify the overall economic trends in the African continent and the responses - required and actual - to the impact of an increasingly interdependent world economy.

    An introductory chapter deals with the phenomenon of globalization in broad terms. Chapter 2 focuses on the marginal role of Africa in the global economy and some of the main reasons for this sad state of affairs. Chapter 3 attempts to answer the question whether globalization is good for Africa and analyzes the relationship between globalization and economic reform, using Zimbabwe as an example. Chapter 4 reports on a survey of popular attitudes towards globalization in a number of African countries. Chapter 5 provides an evaluation of economic integration efforts in Southern Africa. Finally, Chapter 6 uses the case of South Africa to discuss how globalization affects the workplace.

    The Southern African nations are struggling to find their own ways of participating in global development. The present volume provides an insight into how this process has unfolded in the past and into the problems and challenges of the future.

  • 15.
    Malmström, Maria Frederika
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    "Omskärelse är sött". Mat, kropp och kvinnlig omskärelse i Kairo2004Inngår i: Hälsa, vård och helande - antropologiska perspektiv, Vol. 81, nr 6, 512-19 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikeln diskuterar varför mat, framför allt mjuk, len och söt mat, bland arbetarklassen (baladi) i Kairo, har en sådan oerhörd symbolisk laddning och vidare dess täta relation till genus, kropp och kvinnlig omskärelse. Genom dagligt tal om mat och genom beredning av mat lär sig flickorna hur en ideal kvinnokropp skall se ut, hur de skall vara och vad som förväntas av dem rörande moraliskt uppförande. Kvinnlig omskärelse ingår som en naturlig och självklar del i skapandet av kvinnlighet, och när kvinnorna underförstått talar om kvinnlig omskärelse i vardagen nöts det rätta sättet att vara kvinna på kontinuerligt in.

  • 16.
    Malmström, Maria Frederika
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    "Omskärelse är sött". Mat, kropp och kvinnlig omskärelse i Kairo2004Inngår i: Hälsa, vård och helande - antropologiska perspektiv. , Göteborg: Socialmedicinsk tidskrift , 2004, 81 (6), 512-519 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikeln diskuterar varför mat, framför allt mjuk, len och söt mat, bland arbetarklassen i Kairo, har en sådan oerhörd symbolisk laddning och vidare dess täta relation till genus, kropp och kvinnlig omskärelse. Genom dagligt tal om mat och genom beredning av mat lär sig flickorna hur en ideal kvinnokropp skall se ut, hur de skall vara och vad som förväntas av dem rörande moraliskt uppförande. Kvinnlig omskärelse ingår som en naturlig och självklar del i skapandet av kvinnlighet, och när kvinnorna underförstått talar om kvinnlig omskärelse i vardagen nöts det rätta sättet att vara kvinna på kontinuerligt in.

     

     

  • 17.
    Melber, Henning
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Media, public discourse and political contestation in Zimbabwe2004Rapport (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    The current situation in Zimbabwe under the ZANU-PF government shows increasing signs of abuse of power by those in political control. They also direct their desire to suppress criticism towards the media. Press organs in private ownership have been closed down and journalists have been physically harassed, arrested and expelled. Laws are abused to regulate and manipulate public opinion by a policy of banning. Worldwide condemnation of the growing restrictions upon the freedom of expression goes hand in hand with the protests inside the country against the growing tendencies of totalitarian rule.

    Current events are critically reflected upon and the background to these developments is summarised in this publication. It is based on some of the contributions to a recent conference on Zimbabwe organised by the Nordic Africa Institute and offers insights into the contested space of public opinion in Zimbabwe. The critical analyses of current developments are there-by complemented with particular reference to the media sector in the ongoing battle for hegemonic control over the public sphere.

  • 18.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet,
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    No. 2 May 20042004Rapport (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 19.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet,
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    No. 3 October 20042004Rapport (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 20.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet,
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Number 1 January 20042004Rapport (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 21. Ntukula, Mary
    et al.
    Liljeström, RitaNordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Umleavyo: the dilemma of parenting2004Collection/Antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Societies and families are changing all over the world. Less of what the older generations transmit of their experiences can be replicated by the younger generations in their own lives. What we are witnessing is a type of cultural delinking from past generations. Parents despair when their good intentions fail to have an effect and feel overwhelmed by circumstances they cannot control.The Reproductive Health Study Group linked to the University of Dar es Salaam published the first set of studies, Chelewa, Chelewa: The Dilemma of Teenage Girls, in 1994. The focus was on the teenage girl and the various reactions of the adult world to teenage out-of-wedlock pregnancies. The next set of studies, Haraka, Haraka: Look Before you Leap, appeared in 1998 and looked at the erosion of the customs that had regulated marriage, parenthood, and intergenerational obligations.This third and final report, Umleavyo: The Dilemma of Parenting, comprises studies on the generation gap and the ways in which this gap has widened over the past century. In these studies, the past serves as the seemingly stable background on which to project currently fluid and ambiguous parent-child relationships. The main focus of the studies is the different methods of, and goals for, bringing up the next generation. These include physical punishment; achieving compliance through fear and reference to supernatural forces; initiation ceremonies that provide multiple precautions and timely instruction on marriage and procreation; emphasis on relations between people as the most crucial experiences; and encouraging a sense of personal responsibility.The volume is based on the narratives of the grandparents, parents, and youths in the villages of the Pare people in the north and of the initiation leaders in Songea in the south, and on a comparison of the opinions of Nyakyusa elders and youths on gender issues. The central questions raised in the book are: How should one-support youths for whom there is no clear passage to full adulthood? And, how can one forge links between the plight of families and issues of citizenship and public action?

  • 22.
    Nzongola-Ntalaja, Georges
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    From Zaire to the Democratic Republic of the Congo2004Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the political and social situation in the DRC since May 1997, together with the prospects for a successful political and social transition. Consistent with the deepest aspirations of the Congolese population, such a transition will succeed if it involves an irreversible development towards multiparty democracy and the full utilisation of the country’s immense resources for economic and social development. In other words, a successful transition is one in which basic freedoms and liberties will be guaranteed through democratic governance and the rule of law, with tangible improvements in living conditions.

  • 23.
    Obi, Cyril
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Nigeria: democracy on trial2004Konferanseproceedings (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 24.
    Obi, Cyril I.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Globalisation and Nigeria’s Oil Industry: Implications for local Politics2004Inngår i: Nigeria’s Struggle for Democracy and Good Governance: Festschrift in Honour of Oyeleye Oyediran / [ed] Larry Diamond, Adigun Agbaje and Ebere Onwudiwe, Ibadan: Ibadan University Press , 2004Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 25.
    Obi, Cyril I.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Globalization and Local Resistance: The Case of Shell versus the Ogoni2004Inngår i: The Global Resistance Reader / [ed] Louise Amoore, Boulder, Colorado: Routledge , 2004Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 26.
    Obi, Cyril I.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    No Longer at Ease: Intellectuals and the Crises of Nation-Statism in Nigeria in the 1990’s2004Inngår i: African Sociological Review, ISSN 1027-4332, Vol. 8, nr 2Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 27.
    Obi, Cyril I.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    The oil paradox : reflections on the violent dynamics of petro-politics and (mis)governance in Nigeria's Niger Delta2004Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 28.
    Obi, Cyril I.
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Okwechime, Iwebunor
    Globalisation and Identity Politics: Emerging Patterns of Inter Ethnic Relations in Nigeria’s Niger Delta2004Inngår i: Nigeria and Globalisation: Discourses on Identity Politics and Social Conflict / [ed] Duro Oni, Suman Gupta, Tope Omoniyi, Efurosibina Adegbija and Segun Awonusi, Lagos: Centre for Black and African Civilisation (CBAAC) , 2004Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 29.
    Olukotun, Ayo
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Repressive state and resurgent media under Nigeris's military dictatorship, 1988-982004Rapport (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    This study documents a crucial dimension of the resistance of Nigerian civil society to a repressive and monumentally corrupt military state in the late 1980s and 1990s in Nigeria. Employing a neo-Gramscian theoretical framework, the study relates how a section of the media defied censorship laws, outright bans, incarceration and the assassination of opposition figures, to prosecute the struggle for democracy. It captures the tensions and contradictions between a pliant section of the media, which sought to legitimise the state and a critical section of the same media, which in alliance with radical civil society, invented rebellious outlets to carry on the struggle against dictatorship.The study seeks to make fresh departures by documenting not only the role of the national media in the throes of democratic struggle, but that of the international media whose role was influential in the years studied.Finally the report offers empirical proof of the mechanisms by which a vibrant civil society can curb the ravages of a predatory state in an African country.

  • 30.
    Poluha, Eva
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    The power of continuity: Ethiopia through the eyes of its children2004Bok (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Children play a vital role as a source of information on politics but have been neglected as political actors in research contexts. In this study, children are used as a window to an Ethiopian society where hierarchical relations persist, despite the numerous political and administrative transformations of the past century. With data gathered through participant observation the book examines how young, Addis Abeba school children learn to adapt to and reproduce relations of super- and/or subordination based on gender, age, strength and social position. The children’s experiences are viewed in the historical context of state-citizen relations where hierarchy and obsession with control have been and continue to be dominant. The discussion focuses on the power of continuity in the reproduction of cultural patterns and political behaviour, and on how change towards more egalitarian relations could come about.

     

  • 31.
    Rylander, Kristina
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Att studera Afrika: vägar till källorna2004Collection/Antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Att studera Afrika är en guide till Afrikastudier inom främst det samhällsvetenskapliga området. Både tryckta och Internet-baserade källor behandlas i denna nya, grundligt uppdaterade upplaga. Boken ger praktisk vägledning till handböcker, databaser, kartor, statistik och en rad andra hjälpmedel för litteratur- och fakta-sökning. Dessutom finns fylliga introduktioner till litteraturen inom några för Afrikastudier centrala ämnesområden: politik, ekonomi, historia, antropologi, geografi och utbildningsfrågor. I första hand riktar sig boken till studerande och forskare, men även lärare, journalister och bibliotekarier med flera har nytta av den.

    Bidragen är skrivna av bibliotekarier och forskare med lång erfarenhet av det moderna Afrika: Kristina Rylander (red.), Tore Linné Eriksen, Ingemar Gustafsson, Katarina Hjortsäter, Birgitte Jansen, Peter Kinlund, Christer Krokfors, António Lourenço, Åsa Lund Moberg och Knut G. Nustad.

     

  • 32.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation. Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    Assiduous exile: strategies of work and integration among Liberian refugees in Danane, Ivory Coast2004Inngår i: Liberian Studies Journal, Vol. 29, nr 2, 33-58 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 33.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation. Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    Fluid research fields: studying excombatant youth in the aftermath of the Liberian Civil War2004Inngår i: Children and youth on the front line: ethnography, armed conflict and displacement / [ed] Jo Boyden and Joanna de Berry, Oxford: Berghahn Books , 2004Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 34.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation. Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    Patience my ass (in German)2004Inngår i: Jungle World, nr 58Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 35.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation. Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    The violent logic of marginality: youth and the Liberian Civil War2004Inngår i: News from the Nordic Africa Institute, nr no.2/2004, 23-26 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
1 - 35 of 35
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