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  • 1.
    Arnfred, Signe
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Cheru, Fantu
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Hammar, Amanda
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Havnevik, Kjell
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Kamete, Amin Y.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Lindell, Ilda
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Myhre, Knut Christian
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Ngangjoh Hodu, Yenkong
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Obi, Cyril I.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Oinas, Elina
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Palmberg, Mai
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Thorsen, Dorte
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Re-thinking Africa: A Contribution to the Swedish Government White Paper on Africa2007Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 2.
    Basedau, Matthias
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Erdmann, GeroMehler, Andreas
    Votes, money and violence: political parties and elections in Sub-Saharan Africa2007Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Following the (re-)introduction of multiparty systems in Africa in the early 1990s, third and fourth elections in Africa's new democracies and hybrid regimes are now being seen. Although there is a large and growing literature on democracy and elections in Africa, parties and party systems have hitherto not been the focus of research, which may be surprising given their central role in a liberal democracy. The early works from the 1960s and 1970s provide neither a sound conceptual nor empirical basis. Research on political parties and party systems in Africa is still in its infancy. Various contributions in this volume address the theoretical and conceptual challenges provided by the African parties and party systems with their particular features of weak organisation, informal relationships dominated by 'big men' and clientelism within a neopatrimonial setting. Others raise the crucial question of representation in relation to ethnicity, civil society and gender, or look into the empirical relationship between party systems and democracy. Further chapters ask questions about the appropriate electoral system for the multiethnic context in Africa and deal with the problem of electoral system reform. Finally, there are chapters which focus on the neglected area of electoral violence, and the moral role of money and vote buying is scrutinized through a case study. An important conclusion is that party research in Africa needs more conceptual clarity as well as empirical research particularly on party organisation, voting behaviour, and the role of ethnicity.

  • 3.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation. Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Eritrea: The Making of a Nation, 1890-19912007 (oppl. First)Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 4.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Eritrean Diaspora: Myth and Reality2007Inngår i: The Role of Diasporas in Peace, Democracy and Development in the Horn of Africa / [ed] Ulf Johansson, Lund: Lund University , 2007, firstKapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 5.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    When Success Becomes a Liability: Challenges of State Buidling in Eritrea (1991-2005)2007Inngår i: African and Asian Studies, Vol. 6, nr 4, 395-430 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 6.
    Buur, Lars
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Jensen, SteffenStepputat, Finn
    The security-development nexus: expressions of sovereignty and securitization in Southern Africa2007Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The link between security and development has been rediscovered after 9/11 by a broad range of scholars. Focusing on Southern Africa, the Security-Development Nexus shows that the much debated linkage is by no means a recent invention. Rather, the security/development linkage has been an important element of the state policies of colonial as well as post-colonial regimes during the Cold War, and it seems to be prospering in new configurations under the present wave of democratic transitions. Contributors focus on a variety of contexts from South Africa, Mozambique and Namibia, to Zimbabwe and Democratic Congo; they explore the nexus and our understanding of security and development through the prism of peace-keeping interventions, community policing, human rights, gender, land contests, squatters, nation and state-building, social movements, DDR programmes and the different trajectories democratization has taken in different parts of the region.

  • 7. Coulter, Chris
    et al.
    Persson, Mariam
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Young women in African wars2007Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Young women are combatants in contemporary African wars. They also participate in a whole array of different roles. However, by and large, they remain invisible to us. In fact, our “northern” hackneyed views on women’s innate non-participation in war prevent us from seeing specific needs for young women during and in the aftermath of wars. For instance, disarmament, demobilization and reintegration programmes often fail to address appropriate needs for young women and in a variety of ways “prevent” them from partaking. Issues of stigma, safe demobilisation, individual concerns for post-war marriage, health and education, need to be addresed in both a more gendered way, but also with an apposite understanding of young women’s agency in both peace and war. In this Policy note it is argued that to improve policy and programming efforts it is necessary to broaden the understanding of young women’s roles and participation in armed conflict in Africa historically and today.

  • 8.
    Havnevik, Kjell
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Bryceson, Deborah
    Birgegård, Lars-Erik
    Matondi, Prosper
    Beyene, Atakilte
    African Agriculture and The World Bank: Development or Impoverishment?2007Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    African smallholder family farming, the backbone of the continental economy throughout the colonial and early post-colonial period, has been destabilized and eroded over the past thirty years. Despite the World Bank’s poverty alleviation concerns, agrarian livelihoods continue to unravel under the impact of economic liberalization and global value chains. Can African smallholders bounce back and compete? The World Development Report 2008 argues they can and must. How realistic is this given the history of World Bank conditionality in Africa? This essay explores the productivity and welfare concerns of Africa’s smallholder farming population in the shadow of the World Bank.

  • 9. Hulterström, Karolina
    et al.
    Kamete, Amin Y.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Melber, Henning
    Political opposition in African countries: the cases of Kenya, Namibia, Zambia and Zimbabwe2007Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This Discussion Paper is another result of the project “Liberation and Democracy in Southern Africa” (LiDeSA), which was coordinated at the Institute between 2001 and 2006. The papers are revised versions of presentations to a Session of the Research Committee “Comparative Sociology” at the XVI World Congress of Sociology held at the end of July 2006 in Durban. They explore the role of opposition parties under different aspects in several East and Southern African countries, which differ according to the socio-political determinants.

  • 10.
    Ibrahim, Jibrin
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Transforming elections into opportunities for political choice2007Konferanseproceedings (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This monograph presents a well-informed overview and analysis of political transitions, democratic struggles and elections in West Africa. It explores the ways in which various authoritarian regimes across the sub-region have tried to subvert democracy and how the citizens of various countries have struggled against dictatorship and impunity, to achieve the return to democratic rule. Drawing on insights from the Ghanaian model of free and fair elections, Niger's difficult, but successful transtion to democracy, elections in post-conflict Sierra Leone and Liberia, and the struggles for democracy in Nigeria, Jibrin Ibrahim proposes concrete strategies that will empower the people of West Africa to make political choices which will advance and secure their individual and collective socio-economic and democratic rights.

  • 11.
    Jassey, Katja
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Nyanzi, Stella
    How to be a 'proper' woman in the time of AIDS2007Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    How to Be a ‘Proper’ Women in the Time of AIDS is written as a piece of music for multiple voices. The voices of Katja Jassey and Stella Nyanzi – both professional women, both mothers, both anthropologists, one European, one African – are intertwined with the voices of other women (and men) telling about their lives coping with AIDS and/or struggling against the epidemic.  Personal storylines and interviews are interspersed with analytical reflections and a string of amazing photographs of African HIV/AIDS billboard posters, captured by Suzy Bernstein.

    Unconventional questions are posed: What kind of sexuality is portrayed in the anti-HIV/AIDS campaigns? Why is there such an absence of messages that would include or make sense to those living with HIV? What does it mean to be a ‘proper’ woman in the time of AIDS? The authors decided that instead of producing yet another publication citing the number of people infected, they would reflect on their own stories and professional experience, how they had come to think and react to HIV, and how their different positions influenced their understandings. By doing so they manage to create new insights and open new perspectives. They don’t say what is right and wrong. They say stop! Stop awhile and think about yourselves. Stop and think for yourselves.

  • 12.
    Jinadu, L. Adele
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Explaining & managing ethnic conflict in Africa: towards a cultural theory of democracy2007Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 13. Jörgel, Magnus
    et al.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation. Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    Mano river basin area: formal and informal security providers in Liberia, Guinea and Sierra Leone2007Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 14.
    King, Nathaniel
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet. Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Conflict as integration: youth aspiration to personhood in the teleology of Sierra Leone's 'senseless war'2007Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The rebel war in Sierra Leone has been given various characterisations. One of the most commonplace of them brands it a ‘senseless war’. In this study the author examines the views of the Sierra Leoneans themselves on this notion, and through a sociological lens he explores the “youthscape“ of the war. The study also revisits some of the central works on the Sierra Leonean war by authors such as Paul Richards, Ibrahim Adbdullah and Yusuf Bangura.

  • 15. Lee, Margaret C.
    et al.
    Melber, Henning
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    China in Africa2007Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The contributions to this compilation add in various ways to the ongoing discussion on China’s role in Africa. They offer a blend of general overviews on the new scramble for Africa’s resources, the Chinese expansion into Africa and case studies on Uganda and South Africa. They present reflections on and insights to a current theme, which is widely and controversially debated also within Africa.

  • 16.
    Malaquias, Assis
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Rebels and robbers: violence in post-colonial Angola2007Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Rebels and Robbers is about the political economy of violence in post-colonial Angola. This book provides the first comprehensive attempt at analyzing how the military and non-military dynamics of more than four decades of conflict created the structural violence that stubbornly defines Angolan society even in the absence of war. The book clearly demonstrates that the end of the civil war has not ushered in positive peace. The focus on structural violence enables the author to explore the continuities since colonial times, especially in the ways race, class, ethnicity, and power have been used by governing elites as mechanisms to oppress the powerless. Thus, although corruption as structural violence manifesting itself so ubiquitously in Angola today may have been taken to new levels after independence, its origin is unmistakably colonial. Similarly, the zero-sum character of political interactions that defined colonial Angola is yet to be fully exorcized. But there are also important discontinuities. The unabashed propensity to capture public resources for personal aggrandizement is purely post-colonial. So is the tendency toward personal, unaccountable rule. Given its rich endowments, the end of the civil war provides Angola with an opportunity to finally realize its developmental potential. This will depend on whether the wealth resulting from the exploration of natural resources is directed toward creating the conditions for the citizens' realization of their aspirations for the good life thus ensuring sustainable peace.

  • 17.
    Manghezi, Nadja
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Amizade traída e recuperada: O ANC em Moçambique (1976-1990)2007Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 18.
    Melber, Henning
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Governance and state delivery in Southern Africa: examples from Botswana, Namibia and Zimbabwe2007Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This Discussion Paper highlights in complementary ways problems and challenges for governance issues under centralised state agencies, which base their authority and legitimacy on a dominant party and its influence. The case study on Namibia argues for a need for parliamentary and administrative reform to improve the efficiency of lawmakers. The Botswana chapter explores the decision on the location of the country’s second university as an act without consultation of the local population. The Zimbabwe paper advocates an approach in favour of using the African Peer Review Mechanism as an instrument to assist in a change towards better governance. All the authors have intimate knowledge of the matters discussed through their own involvement with the respective cases and/or their individual positioning within these societies. This publication is among the final results of the project “Liberation and Democracy in Southern Africa” (LiDeSA), which was undertaken at the Institute between 2001 and 2006.

  • 19.
    Melber, Henning
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Transitions in Namibia: which changes for whom?2007Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This volume completes the research project on "Liberation and Democracy in Southern Africa" (LiDeSA). It mainly addresses socioeconomic and gender-related issues in contemporary Namibia. Most of the contributors are either Namibian, based in Namibia or have undertaken extensive research in the country. Their interest as scholars and/or civil society activists is guided by a loyalty characterised not by rhetoric but by empathy with the people. They advocate notions of human rights, social equality and related values and norms instead of being driven by an ideologically determined party-political affiliation. Their investigative and analytical endeavours depict a society in transition, a society that is far from being liberated. Not surprisingly, this compilation explores the limits to liberation more than its advances.

  • 20.
    Myhre, Knut Christian
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Agrarian Change, Property and Resources.
    Om ritualer og sosiale relasjoner.: Refleksjoner rundt et kraftfullt bytte2007Inngår i: Norsk Antropologisk Tidsskrift, ISSN 0802-7285, E-ISSN 1504-2898, Vol. 18, nr 3-4, 253-265 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The article describes a bridewealth prestation amongthe Chagga-speaking people of Tanzania. Departingfrom approaches that rely on the notion of reciprocity,the author explores how the prestation per se constitutes,rather than represents, the relationship betweenwife-givers and wife-receivers. By investigating themateriality of the exchanged object, the relationships itforms part of are laid bare, and it is argued that theobject forms part of a reproductive network wherepersons, things and social relationships are mutuallyconstituted. Against this background, materiality andsociality, things and meanings, reality and representation,are interrelated and the problems raised by thenotion of reciprocity are transcended.

  • 21.
    Norberg, Carin
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Obi, Cyril
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Reconciling winners and losers in post-conflict elections in West Africa: political and policy imperatives2007Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In post-conflict societies, elections play several roles. They provide citizens with the opportunity to freely chose their leaders and representatives, and provide countries emerging from civil wars with new opportunities to come to terms with a traumatic past and rebuild their lives and societies in a secure and stable environment. For the international community, post-conflict elections lend credibility to peace agreements and provide an exit strategy. However, when elections are poorly timed or administered, and outstanding issues of justice, participation, national ownership and sustainability of the peace process are not well addressed, there is always a chance that the entire process may unravel. This report based on the debates and discussions of a panel debate on Winners and Losers in Post-Conflict Elections in West Africa, draws on insights from post-conflict elections in the sub-region and provides some crucial policy recommendations as well as areas for further research.

  • 22.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet,
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    African agriculture2007Rapport (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 23.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet,
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Coping strategies2007Rapport (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    From the contents: The Nigerian elections/Said Adejumobi -- Healing in Somaliland/Marja Tiilikainen -- Informal vendors in Kampala/Ilda Lourenço-Lindell and Jenny Appelblad -- Urban entrepreneurs in Angola/Christina Udelsmann Rodrigues

  • 24.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet,
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Democracy and elections2007Rapport (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 25.
    Obi, Cyril
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Perspectives on Côte d'Ivoire: between political breakdown and post-conflict peace2007Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The three articles in this Discussion Paper explore different perspectives to the complex causes of the civil war that broke out in Côte d’Ivoire in September 2002. They are written against the background of the signing of yet another peace agreement between the Ivorian government and the former rebel New Forces (NF) in March 2007. This volume also provides a context where the prospects for post-conflict peace, national reconciliation and democracy in Côte d’Ivoire could be critically analysed.

  • 26.
    Obi, Cyril I.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Democratizing Nigerian Politics: Transcending the Shadows of Militarism: Briefing Note2007Inngår i: Review of African Political Economy, ISSN 0305-6244, E-ISSN 1740-1720, Vol. 34, nr 112Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 27.
    Obi, Cyril I.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    'Elecciones en Nigeria' Petrolear la democracia? (Elections in Nigeria: Oiling Democracy?)2007Inngår i: POLITICA EXTERIOR, Vol. XXI, nr 117 Mayo/JunioArtikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 28.
    Obi, Cyril I.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Ethnic Minorities and the Quest for Democracy in Africa2007Inngår i: Equal Representation: A Challenge to Democracy and Democracy Promotion / [ed] Mia Melin and Lars Rudebeck, Uppsala: Collegium for Development Studies, Uppsala University , 2007Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 29.
    Obi, Cyril I.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    From Homeland to Hopeland? Economic Globalization and Ogoni Migration in the 1990’s2007Inngår i: The Culture of Economic Migration: International Perspectives / [ed] Suman Gupta and Tope Omoniyi, Hampshire: Ashgate , 2007Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 30.
    Obi, Cyril I.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Introduction: Elections and the Challenge of Post-Conflict Democratization in West Africa2007Inngår i: African Journal of International Affairs, Vol. 10, nr 1 & 2Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 31.
    Obi, Cyril I.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Norway’s foreign policy in the context of the challenges of globalization2007Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 32.
    Obi, Cyril I.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Oil and Development in Africa: Some Lessons from the Oil Factor in Nigeria for the Sudan2007Inngår i: Oil development in Africa: lessons for Sudan after the comprehensive peace agreement / [ed] Luke Patey, Copenhagen: Danish Institute for International Studies , 2007Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 33.
    Obi, Cyril I.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Post-Military Transition in Nigeria or Democracy on Trial?2007Inngår i: The African Search for Stable Forms of Statehood: Essays in Political Criticism / [ed] Shadrack Wanjala Nasong’o, New York: The Edwin Mellon Press , 2007Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 34.
    Obi, Cyril I.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Re-examining the Roots of War in West Africa in a Globalizing World2007Inngår i: Globalisation and Challenges to Peace Building / [ed] Ashok Swain, Ramses Amer and Joakim Öjendal, London; New York; Delhi: Anthem Press , 2007Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 35.
    Obi, Cyril I.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Resource Control in Nigeria’s Niger Delta2007Inngår i: Global Knowledge, Vol. 2Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 36.
    Obi, Cyril I.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Nigerian private sector under adjustment and crisis 1985-19932007Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 37.
    Obi, Cyril I.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Struggle for Resource Control in a Petro-State: A Perspective from Nigeria2007Inngår i: National Perspectives on Globalization / [ed] Paul Bowles, Henry Veltmeyer, Scarlet Cornelissen, Noela Invernizzi and Kwong-leung Tang, New York: Palgrave Macmillan , 2007Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 38.
    Obi, Cyril I.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Agrarian Change, Property and Resources.
    United by Oil, Divided by Politics2007Inngår i: Equal Representation: A Challenge to Democracy and Democracy Promotion / [ed] Mia Melin and Lars Rudebeck, Uppsala, Sweden: Collegium for Development Studies, Uppsala University , 2007Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 39.
    Obi, Cyril I.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    West African Security in the Context of the Global war on Terror2007Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 40.
    Rios-Herran, Roberto
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Globalization, Trade and Regional Integration.
    Effects of Rules of Origin on the European Union - Africa Economic Partnership Agreements: summary of issues2007Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Rules of Origin (ROO) determine the economic nationality of an imported product. Where margins of trade preferences are higher, ROO tend to be very restrictive and even sometimes dilutes the benefits of such preferences. As the ACP-EU Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) negotiations enter a critical phase, the devil of the agreement will be in the detail of the impending EPAs ROO. According to the original mandate, EPA is supposed to be concluded by December 2007 and should be development friendly. Yet, the recent EC ROO offer to the ACP countries (Commission Staff Working Document Concerning the Definition of “Originating Products and Methods of Administrative Cooperation”) are seen by commentators as completely undermining the development dimension of EPA. Bearing in mind the current EPA negotiations, Roberto Rios explains how ROO impact the pattern of trade between countries and how they can be development friendly.

  • 41.
    Rosquist, Catrin
    et al.
    Life & Peace Institute.
    Norberg, CarinNordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Mapping Darfur2007Konferanseproceedings (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The Darfur Peace Agreement was signed on 5 May 2006 in Abuja, Nigeria. It has not brought safety to the people of Darfur. The humanitarian crisis continues to be deeply worrying despite aspirations to achieve improved conditions for the suffering population of Darfur. The report Mapping Darfur is published one year after the peace agreement was signed. It is based on a series of seminars during February and March 2007 organised by the Nordic Africa Institute, the Life and Peace Institute and ABF Stockholm. The key intention was to increase knowledge and good understanding of the underlying causes of the crisis in Darfur through contributions from different actors and observers, such as academia, politicians and humanitarian aid workers.

  • 42.
    Sesay, Amadu
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Does one size fit all?: the Sierra Leone Truth and Reconciliation Commission revisited2007Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Societies emerging from protracted conflict and violence face numerous challenges at the individual, community and national levels. Accordingly, a variety of strategies have been suggested for "healing" the wounds of the past and coping with the future, thereby facilitating national reconciliation and peace buildings. One of these approaches is the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, TRC, believed to provide a veritable platform for victims and perpetrators alike, to have a voice that would enable them to come to terms with the horrifying past. In Africa, TRCs as strategies for coming to terms with the past in Africa came into prominence following the example of South Africa after the end of apartheid in 1994. Since then, TRCs have been set up in Rwanda and Sierra Leone, while one has been proposed for Liberia. From such a standpoint it is tempting to argue that there has emerged what we can call  a  "one size fits all" syndrome, that is, if the TRC "worked" for South Africa, a position that is the subject of intense debate within and outside that country, then it is "good" for Sierra Leone, Liberia or any other African society that is emerging from protracted violent conflict. The main purpose of this study, therefore, is to draw attention to the TRC phenomenon in Sierra Leone, to stimulate discussion on the diverse questions surrounding its rationale, processes and outcomes, especially its impacts on post conflict reconciliation in the country. Another goal of the project is to document the multiple and conflicting perceptions among various groups in the TRC processes, and how such perceptions were reflected in the Commission's work and recommendations. Finally, it is expected that the study would form the basis for future empirically grounded research and policy analysis, more extensive research and perhaps even collaboration, between the author and those working on innovative but home-grown mechanisms for promoting reconciliation in post war Sierra Leone and elsewhere.

  • 43.
    Stocchetti, Marikki
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    The development dimension or disillusion: The EU's development policy goals and the Economic Partnership Agreements2007Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The EU and the ACP countries aim to conclude the Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs) by the end of December 2007. All parties agree that these trading arrangements are meant to be first and foremost “development instruments”. However, their positions differ greatly on how the EPAs will impact on theultimate goal of poverty reduction. In this policy note Marikki Stocchetti addresses the key issues of this disagreement.

  • 44.
    Stolten, Hans Erik J.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    History making and present day politics: the meaning of collective memory in South Africa2007Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In this collection, some of South Africa's most distinguished historians and social scientists present their views on the importance of history and heritage for the transformation of the South African society. Although popular use of history helped remove apartheid, the study of history lost status during the transition process. Some of the reasons for this, like the nature of the negotiated revolution, social demobilisation, and individualisation, are analysed in this book. The combination of scholarly work with an active role in changing society has been a central concern in South African history writing. This book warns against the danger of history being caught between reconciliation, commercialisation, and political correctness. Some of the articles critically examine the role of historians in ideological debates on gender, African agency, Afrikaner anti-communism, early South African socialism, and the role of the business world during late apartheid. Other contributions explore continuing controversies on the politics of public history in post-apartheid South Africa, describe the implementation of new policies for history education, or investigate the use of applied history in the land restitution process and in the TRC. The authors also examine a range of new government and private initiatives in the practical use of history, including the establishment of new historical entertainment parks and the conversion of museums and heritage sites. For readers interested in nation building processes and identity politics, this book provides valuable insight.

  • 45.
    Söderbaum, Fredrik
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Taylor, Ian
    Micro-regionalism in West Africa: evidence from two case studies2007Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This collection seeks to complement and advance recent studies on regionalism in Africa and the implications that this has for the continent’s development. The two case studies on cross-border micro-regionalism in the borderlands of Mali-Burkina Faso and Niger-Nigeria are part of the work of the West Africa Borders and Integration (WABI). WABI is a research institute that looks at cross-border developments in West Africa, particularly at the convergence between political will and regionalisation on the ground. Providing a challenge to the considerable number of state-centric, formalistic and not seldom overly idealistic studies in this field, the two cases show quite clearly that formal borders either essentially do not exist in the Westphalian sense, being ignored by local populations and traders, or, are strategically used by (often self-styled) representatives of the state to extract resources and rents. In either case, the Eurocentric notion of fixed boundaries and bordered delineations has little purchase in the West African Sahel.

  • 46.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Diamanter är för evigt - men Sierra Leonsk ungdom är utbytbar2007Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 47.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation. Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    Fighting (in) the badlands of modernity: youth combatants in the Liberian Civil War2007Inngår i: Journal of Social Sciences and Management, Vol. 1, nr 1, 37-43 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 48.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation. Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    Freetown: Berättelser från den osynliga staden2007Inngår i: Den Ny Verden, ISSN 0029-6775, Vol. 40, nr 2, 27-37 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 49.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation. Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    Presidential elections in Sierra Leone2007Inngår i: NAI Newsletter, nr June, 1-4 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    On August 11 Sierra Leone will vote democratically for the second timesince the end of the decade long civil war that raged between 1991 and 2002. Many international observers believe that this election is an important testfor democracy in Sierra Leone. Many Sierra Leoneans call democracy Demare-Crazy and politics politrix.

  • 50.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation. Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    Sierra Leones vacklande demokrati2007Inngår i: Tidningen kulturen, nr 20-21, july 2007Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
12 1 - 50 of 54
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