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  • 1.
    Adepoju, Aderanti
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Migration in sub-Saharan Africa2008Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Africans arriving by rickety fishing boats to the Canary Islands, risking the passage across the Straits of Gibraltar or washed upon the Italian island of Lampedusa are familiar examples of therecent growth in migration from Africa to Europe. There is a darkside of migration in human trafficking, but the picture of a continenton the move also includes highly skilled professionals fromNigeria and Ghana who seek employment in universities and otherprofessions in South Africa. On the positive side migrant remittancesare a major source of income in many sub-Saharan Africancountries, helping to sustain the lives of poor home communities.A major challenge now facing sub-Saharan Africa is how to attractskilled emigrants back for national development.

  • 2.
    Aning, Kwesi
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The African Union’s Peace and Security Architecture: Defining an emerging response mechanism2008Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 3.
    Baker, Bruce
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Multi-choice policing in Africa2008Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Policing is crucial to how Africans experience the freedoms of democracy and determines to a large degree the levels of economic investment they will enjoy. Yet it is a neglected area of study. Based on field research, this book reveals the surprising variety of people involved in policing besides the state police. Indeed many Africans are faced with a wide choice of public and private, legal and illegal, effective and ineffective policing. Policing in Africa is very much more than what the police do. It concerns the activities of business interests, residential communities, cultural groups, criminal organisations, local political figures and governments. How people negotiate this 'multi-choice' of policing options, and the implications of this for government and donor security policy, is the subject of this book It covers policing in all its forms in Sub-Saharan Africa, including two case studies of Uganda and Sierra Leone.

  • 4.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    State-Building Project of Peace Building in the Horn of Africa2008Inngår i: Post Conflict Peace-Building in the Horn of Africa / [ed] Ulf Johansson Dahre, Lund: Lund University , 2008, first, 37-53 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 5.
    Bigsten, Arne
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Durevall, Dick
    The African economy and its role in the world economy2008Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In a broad survey this issue of Current African Issues presents a multifaceted picture of the current state of the African economy. After a period of falling per capita incomes that started in the 1970s, Africa finally saw a turnaround from about 1995. The last few years have seen average per capita incomes in Africa grow by above 3 per cent per year on average, partly due to the resource boom but also due to improved economic policies. Africa receives more aid per capita than any other major region in the world and there is a significantly positive effect of aid on growth. One of the most notable aspects of the current process of globalisation is the increase in trade between Sub-Saharan Africa and Asia, particularly China and India. The authors conclude with a call for policy coherence among donors. The politically most problematic areas for policy change of those discussed in the paper are not aid policy but trade policy and the European Union CAP (Common Agricultural Policy). This is a challenge to EU policy makers, since the latter areas are probably the most important to change if we take our commitment to development seriously.

  • 6.
    Boafo-Arthur, Kwame
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Democracy and stability in west Africa:the Ghanaian experience2008Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 7.
    Booth, Charlotte
    et al.
    Life & Peace Institute .
    Norberg, CarinNordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Somalia: a nation without a state2008Konferanseproceedings (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Report from four public seminars on the conflict in Somalia, held during October and November 2007 in Stockholm, Sweden with Nuruddin Farah, Somali Novelist, Roland Marchal, Senior Research Fellow at the Centre d’Études et de Recherches Internationales, Paris, Asha Hagi, member of the Somalia Transitional Federal Parliament and civil society activist, Jens Odlander, Swedish Ambassador for the Somali Peace Process, Shane Quinn, Programme officer at the Life and Peace Institute, Sweden, and Sahra Bargadle and Hayan Ismail from the swedish-somali Diaspora. Marika Fahlén, Special Advisor for the Horn of Africa at the Swedish Ministry for Foreign Affairs acted as moderator for the panel discussion.The seminars were jointly organized by the Life and Peace Institute, The Nordic Africa Institute and ABF Stockholm.

  • 8.
    Bøås, Morten
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    African Conflicts and Conflicts Drivers: Uganda, Congo and the Mano River2008Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 9.
    Cheru, Fantu
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Africa's development in the 21st century: Reshaping the research agenda2008Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    As Africa enters the 21st century, it faces mounting challenges as well as new opportunities. Unlike in the 1980s and the 1990s, however, the conditions for Africa's sustained growth and development are more favourable today than ever before. As a result of economic reforms the overall growth has been in excess of 4.5 percent annually since the mid 1990s. There is greater consensus among Africans now than at any previous time on what needs to be done to accelerate growth, reduce poverty and promote sustainable development. The positive response of Africa's international partners enhances the prospects for sustaining the progress. Africa is also benefiting from a commodity boom and increased investment in infrastructure and the extractive industry sector. But many questions remain unanswered. The most pressing question is how Africa can best benefit from the rise of the Asian giants, China and India.

  • 10.
    Cheru, Fantu
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Globalization, Trade and Regional Integration.
    Norberg, Carin
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Can globalization work for Africa?2008Inngår i: Africa: Political partner and global actor - opportunities and challenges / [ed] Cathrine Andersen; Aina Holm, Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs , 2008, 97-106 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 11.
    Chitando, Anna
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Imagining a peaceful society: a vision of children's literature in a post-conflict Zimbabwe2008Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Imagining a Peaceful Society: A Vision of Children's Literature in a Post-Conflict Zimbabwe addresses the marginalisation of children's literature from the discourse on conflict and peace building in Africa. By presenting a unique perspective to how writers of children's literature, and children themselves understand, grapple with, and envision peace in a post-conflict Zimbabwean society, this Discussion Paper calls attention to the immense, but largely untapped potential of literature as a critical resource for the promotion peace in Africa.

  • 12. Christensen, Maya
    et al.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation. Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    Mercenaries of democracy: The 'Politricks' of remobilized combatants in the 2007 general elections, Sierra Leone2008Inngår i: African Affairs, ISSN 0001-9909, E-ISSN 1468-2621, Vol. 107, nr 429, 515-539 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The 2007 general elections in Sierra Leone marked a decisive moment in the country's post-war recovery. In this article we show how political parties strategically remobilized ex-combatants into 'security squads' in order both to protect themselves and to mobilize votes. We look at the tactical and strategic motives behind ex-combatants' choice to join the political campaigning and the alternatives (such as 'watermelon politics'), and we also examine the deep distrust between politicians and ex-combatants. Focusing on politics as the domestication of violence, we shed light on the continuation of pre-war and war-time mobilization of youth into politics and demonstrate how electoral moments can legitimize violence. In hindsight, the 2007 elections strengthened the democratic process in Sierra Leone, but this article shows on what fragile ground this success was built.

  • 13.
    Fold, Niels
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Nylandsted Larsen, Marianne
    Globalization and restructuring of African commodity flows2008Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    African countries have been incorporated into present processes of economic globalization in a more nuanced way than is usually claimed. Obviously, structural changes and economic growth have not been on the scale seen in other developing country regions, Southeast Asia in particular. However, the increasing global interaction between functionally integrated foci of production and services has also affected Africa in ways that are changing the material foundations of economic and social life on the continent. These processes are not uniform throughout Africa, but affect local, national and regional actors and institutions in diverse and complex ways. In short, globalization in Africa is an uneven process, integrating or re-integrating some localities and communities in global flows of goods, finance and information, while marginalizing or excluding others.

    The aim of this book is to grasp the diversity of these globalization processes in a systematic way by adopting a common analytical framework, the Global Value Chain approach. Commodity-specific data in two or more countries are taken as a point of departure and the variations and similarities in linkages between local, national, regional and global chain segments are examined. The book is based on original quantitative and qualitative data, collected during fieldwork by the authors.

  • 14.
    Holmberg, Johan
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Natural resources in sub-Saharan Africa: assets and vulnerabilities2008Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Africa is rich in oil and mineral resources, but has severe shortages of water and suffers from an accelerating pressure on its arable land and forests. Climate change is expected to cause major problems for African populations with increase of water stress and severely compromised agricultural production. Local food supplies will be negatively affected and, towards the end of the 21st century, sea-level rise will affect low-lying coastal areas. The report argues that the poorest countries are most vulnerable to climate change and that Africa is particularly exposed. Sweden should consider full integration of climate change adaptation strategies in its development cooperation with African partners. This will likely mean that some existing priorities will be further accentuated, such as needs to provide water and sanitation services to the poor, raising agricultural productivity, and curbing deforestation.

  • 15.
    Holmqvist, Göran
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Globalization, Trade and Regional Integration.
    A short note on Kenya and early warning signals2008Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The Kenya crisis came largely as a surprise, at least to outsiders. Was it possible to see it coming? Is Kenya a special case, or are there reasons to expect similar crises in other ”stable” African nations with politics, ethnicity and inequality forming an explosive blend?

    This short exploratory note will approach these questions by taking a look at opinion poll datafrom the Afrobarometer 2005 and 2003. Were any signals of what was coming already there,before our eyes?

  • 16.
    Kelsall, Tim
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    An introduction to some issues in transitional justice2008Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 17.
    Klepp, Knut-Inge
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Flisher, Alan J.Kaaya, Sylvia F.
    Promoting adolescent sexual and reproductive health in East and Southern Africa2008Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In Africa, as in many parts of the world, adolescent reproductive health is a controversial issue for policy makers and programme planners. Adolescents are particularly vulnerable to HIV and AIDS and to a host of other problems such as sexually transmitted infection, unwanted pregnancy, unsafe abortions, sexual abuse, female genital mutilation and unsafe circumcision. Yet many countries don't have adolescent health policies and much remains to be done to ensure that adolescents can access appropriate sexual and reproductive health services. Articulating new perspectives and strategies to promote adolescent sexual and reproductive health, the authors of this volume, comprise a network of researchers working in east and southern Africa. They make a unique attempt to bring together the social and biomedical sciences and to disseminate concrete empirical evidence from existing programmes, carefully analysing what works and what doesn't at the local level. The chapters are built on the premise that sexual and reproductive health behaviour is multifaceted and that interventions must operate on several levels - individual, organisational and governmental - and must reach young people in schools, communities, workplaces, and health-care institutions. Cognisant of recent research and the ethical difficulties facing researchers, the authors provide practical guidance for practitioners and policymakers wishing to promote adolescent sexual and reproductive health at the policy and institutional levels and in local communities.

  • 18.
    Krüger, Mathias
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Bridging the Gap between Policy and Research on Post-Conflict Transition in Africa2008Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 19.
    Loftsdóttir, Kristín
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    The bush is sweet: identity, power and development among WoDaaBe Fulani in Niger2008 (oppl. 1)Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In this book Kristín Loftsdóttir gives the reader a highly personal insight into the lives of the Wodaabe nomads of Niger, who are striving to make a living between the bush and the city. Spending nearly two years as a Wodaabe, within a Wodaabe extended family and alternating between the nomadic setting of the bush and the urbanised life-style of the capital, Niamey, she was in a unique position to observe the effects that increasing urbanisation and globalisation, together with the modern tourist industry’s preconceptions and demands, have had on the identity and power relations of the Wodaabe. Interwoven with the abstract scientific observations are the more personal reflections and analyses of a young white woman on living within, and sharing all aspects of, the everyday lives of the Wodaabe with the broad spectrum of reactions which this entails. These sensitively written and honest descriptions, including details of what the author at times experiences as her own shortcomings within her project, give a most interesting dimension to the work not always found in social science studies which means that this book should appeal to a wider readership than might initially be expected.

  • 20.
    Malmberg, Bo
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Demography and the development potential of sub-Saharan Africa2008Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Population growth in Africa has laid the foundation for the eventual development of a prosperous region. Since the 1950s, sub-Saharan Africa has doubled its population twice over to become one of the most populous regions in the world. If sub-Saharan Africa succeeds in taking advantage of this population potential, the sub-continent could become a major player in the world economy. A major reason sub-Saharan Africa remains poor is the very high child-dependency arising from a very high total fertility rate, and low life expectancy based on both high infant mortality and high adult mortality rates. Reduced mortality and lower fertility are key requirements if sub-Saharan Africa is to enter a development trajectory that makes possible increasing per capita incomes and reductions in poverty.

  • 21.
    Moseley, William G.
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Gray, Leslie
    Hanging by a thread: cotton, globalization, and poverty in Africa2008Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The textile industry was one of the first manufacturing activities to become organized globally, as mechanized production in Europe used cotton from the colonies. Africa, the least developed of the world’s major regions, is now increasingly engaged in the production of this crop for the global market, and debates about the pros and cons of this trend have intensified. This book illuminates the connectioins between Africa and the global economy. The editors offer a compelling set of linked studies that detail one aspect of the globalization process in Africa, the cotton commodity chain.

  • 22.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet,
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Africa on the global agenda2008Collection/Antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 23.
    Obi, Cyril I.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Are Elections Democratising West Africa?2008Inngår i: Annual Report / Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, ISSN 1104-5256, Vol. 2007Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 24.
    Obi, Cyril I.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Enter the Dragon? Chinese Oil Companies & Resistance in the Niger Delta2008Inngår i: Review of African Political Economy, ISSN 0305-6244, E-ISSN 1740-1720, Vol. 35, nr 117Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 25.
    Obi, Cyril I.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    International Election Observer Missions and the Promotion of Democracy: Some Lessons from Nigeria’s 2007 Elections2008Inngår i: Politikon, Vol. 35, nr 1Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 26.
    Obi, Cyril I.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Nigeria’s foreign policy and transnational security challenges in West Africa2008Inngår i: Journal of Contemporary African Studies, Vol. 26, nr 2Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 27.
    Obi, Cyril I.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Nigeria’s Niger Delta: Understanding the Complex Drivers of Conflict2008Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 28.
    Obi, Cyril I.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Nigeria’s Post-Military Transition: “Democracy is not a Day’s Job”2008Annet (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 29.
    Obi, Cyril I.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    No choice, but democracy: prising the people out of politics in Africa?2008Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 30.
    Obi, Cyril I.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Norsk oljepolitikk set fra Afrika2008Inngår i: Klima for oljepolitikk / [ed] Steinar Alos et al, Oslos: attac; Norad , 2008Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 31.
    Obi, Cyril I.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Reflections on West Africa’s Security in the Context of the Global War on Terror2008Inngår i: Legon Journal of International Affairs, Vol. 5, nr 1Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 32.
    Obi, Cyril I.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Separatismens Afrika2008Inngår i: MANA, Vol. 6Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 33.
    Sellström, Tor
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    A Suécia e as lutas de libertação nacional em Angola, Moçambique e Guiné-Bissau2008Bok (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [pt]

    Durante a guerra fria o mundo ocidental em geral considerava os movimentos nacionais de libertação na Guiné Bissau e na África Austral como ”terroristas” e/ou ”comunistas”. A Suécia constituiu uma excepção, tendo depois sido seguida pelos outros países nórdicos. Com base numa decisão parlamentar aprovada por uma larga maioria, a Suécia tornou-se, em 1969, o primeiro país do Ocidente a dar ajuda oficial aos movimentos nacionalistas. Estes movimentos depois de uma prolongada luta armada contra o poder colonial português, o governo de minoria branca e o apartheid, sairiam vencedores e tornar-se-iam os partidos dominantes nos seus países.No presente volume  descreve-se o surgimento de uma opinião na Suécia e a ajuda deste país aos movimentos de libertação MPLA (Angola), FRELIMO (Moçambique) e PAIGC (Guiné-Bissau).  O volume baseia-se na obra do autor intitulada “A Suécia e a libertação nacional na África Austral”, que também trata do Zimbabué, da Namíbia e da África do Sul e que foi publicada em dois volumes pelo Instituto Nórdico de Estudos Africanos, em 1999 e 2002 respectivamente.

  • 34.
    Sesay, Amadu
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    The African union: forward march or about face-turn?2008Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 35.
    Specht, Irma
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    DDR of Youth in Africa: Theory, standards and practice2008Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 36.
    Suttner, Raymond
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    The ANC underground in South Africa2008 (oppl. 1)Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    It is commonly held that the ANC -after its banning in 1960 and the imprisonment of its leaders - largely disappeared off the face of South Africa until public support for it revived in the wake of the Soweto uprising of 1976. This book takes issue with that view. Drawing  on substantial oral testimony, Raymond Suttner develops a convincing case that internally based activist, sometimes working independently of the ANC in exile and sometimes in combination, were able to reconstitute networks within South Africa after the organisation's banning. He discusses the broad features of their secret  underground work, the impact it had on their personal lives, and the opportunities that were presented for both bravery and abuse. One of the distinctive features of his approach is its treatment of such illegal activity through a gendered lens. Suttner concludes by exploring the dominant position which the ANC had established by the 1970s (partly through underground activity), enabling it to become the prime political beneficiary of the Soweto uprising and ultimately creating the conditions for a negotiated settlement in South Africa.

    CONTENTS

    Acknowledgements

    Introduction

    The early underground: From the M-Plan to Rivonia

    The reconstitution of the SACP asan underground organisation

    The ANC underground betweeen Rivonia and 1976

    The character of underground work

    Gendering the underground

    Revolutionary morality and the suppression of the personal

    The re-establishment of ANC hegemony after 1976

    List of interviews

    Notes

    Index

  • 37.
    Söderbaum, Fredrik
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Taylor, Ian
    Afro-regions: the dynamics of cross-border micro-regionalism in Africa2008Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This collection focuses on the making and unmaking of cross-border micro-regions in Africa. Its main emphasis is that micro-regions are not givens, but are constructed and reconstructed through social practice, political economy and, in discourse, by a variety of states, corporations and non-state actors. The region-builders are the focus -- that is, those actors that build and make micro-regions and their associated region-building strategies. Key research questions are: for whom, for what purpose and with what consequences are micro-regions being made and unmade? There is also special emphasis on how people on the ground and local communities create their own region-building strategies and how they respond to the region-building strategies of others. The case studies -- by leading scholars of African studies and the result of extensive fieldwork -- include a wide selection of micro-regions all over Africa, such as the Maputo Development Corridor, the Zambezi Valley region, the Zambia-Malawi-Mozambique Growth Triangle, Walvis Bay, the Sierra Leone-Liberia border zone, cross-border micro-regions on the Horn of Africa, the Great Lakes region, North Africa, and so forth.

  • 38.
    Thorsen, Dorte
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Labour migration: a child and youth issue2008Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Considerable policy effort has been made to eliminate child labour and is currently being directed towards job-creation for youth. Most programmatic solutions are premised on education being a key component of childhood and education deficits a major impediment to youth employment. Long-term difficulties of finding work at the end of schooling or vocational training are addressed only as ill-suited curricula and economic barriers preventing youth’s entrepreneurship. Children’s work (below 18 years) is contentious per se, whilst youth’s labour migration receive no attention in the most recent Swedish and Danish Africa strategies.By bringing together policy discussions on child labour and your unemployment – usually separated and dealt with by different organisations – this Policy Notes highlights a series of questions for consideration in contextualised policy-making. It argues that- The strong focus on formal education makes working children and the skills they learn outside school invisible.- The focus on technical/vocational training as a means to bring youth into work ignores rural-urban inequalities, as well as how African labour markets work.

  • 39.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics. Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Abject heroes: marginalised youth, modernity and violent pathways of the Liberian Civil War2008Inngår i: Years of Conflict: Adolescence, Political Violence and Displacement / [ed] Jason Hart, Oxford: Berghahn Books , 2008, 111-138 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 40.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Liberia Beyond the Blueprints: Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers, Big Men and Informal Networks2008Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 41.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics. Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Liberia Beyond the Blueprints: poverty reduction strategy papers, Big Men and informal networks2008Annet (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 42.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation. Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    Stephen Ellis. The maks of anarchy: the destruction of Liberia and the religious dimension of an African civil war2008Inngår i: African Studies Review, Vol. 51, nr 1, 155-157 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 43.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation. Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    Stephen Ellis: The Mask of Anarchy2008Inngår i: African Studies Review, Vol. 46, nr 3, 155-157 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 44.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics. Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    When the state is a threat2008Inngår i: Annual Report / Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, ISSN 1104-5256, Vol. 2007, 20-24 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 45.
    Utas, Mats
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    Jörgel, Magnus
    The West Side Boys: military navigation in the Sierra Leone civil war2008Inngår i: Journal of Modern African Studies, ISSN 0022-278X, E-ISSN 1469-7777, Vol. 46, nr 3, 487-511 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The West Side Boys were one of several military actors in the Sierra Leonean civil War (1991-2002). A splinter group of the army, the WSB emerged as a key player In 1999-2000. In most Western media accounts, the WSB appeared as nothing more than renegade, anarchistic bandits, devoid of any trace of long-term goals. By contrast, this article aims to explain how the WSB used well-devised military techniques in the field; how their history and military training within the Sierra Leone army shaped their notion of themselves and their view of what they were trying to accomplish; and, finally, how military commanders and politicians employed the WSB as a tactical instrument in a larger map of military and political strategies. It is in the politics of a military economy that this article is grounded.

  • 46.
    Utas, Mats
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Persson, Mariam
    Coulter, Chris
    Young female fighters in African wars: conflict and its consequences2008Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In the numerous armed conflicts that are tearing the African continent apart, young women are participants and carry guns alongside their male comrades-in-arms. Challenging the stereotype of women in African wars as victims only, this issue of the Nordic Africa Institute Policy Dialogues shows how in modern African wars women have often been as active as men. Female fighters are victimized, yet they are not mere victims. Girls and young women who volunteer to fight often possess quite considerable strength and independence. Programmes for disarming, demobilizing, and reintegrating former fighters must be based on better understanding of the range of women's roles and experiences in war and post-war settings in order to act in a gender-sensitive way and to empower this group of women in the aftermath of war.

  • 47.
    Vlassenroot, Koen
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Armed Groups and Militias in Eastern DR Congo2008Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 48.
    Watson, James
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Streatfeild, Jeremy
    The Starbucks/Ethiopian coffee saga: geographical indications as a linchpin for development in developing countries2008Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    A coalition of Ethiopian coffee producers and the Ethiopian Intellectual Property Office (EIPO) set up a programme to acquire trademarks in important export markets, with a view to increasing the profits on these brands for the producers. In March 2005, the Ethiopian government filed its first US trademark applications for three contested coffee names. After 15 months the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) agreed that the name Sidamo was generic and therefore could not be trademarked. This led to an outcry by some commentators, including NGOs and Intellectual Property Rights professionals. Yet, the arguments in favour of protecting indigenous knowledge under international trade rules as a linchpin for economic development and poverty eradication has been forcefully put forward by African countries and other developing countries in both regional trade negotiations and at the World Trade Organization. With the Ethiopian and Starbucks dispute in mind, James Watson and Jeremy Streatfeild eloquently explain in this piece how geographical indications can be used to enhance the capacity of farmers and economic development in Africa and other least developed countries.

  • 49. Zack-Williams, Alfred
    et al.
    Cheru, Fantu
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    The quest for sustainable development and peace: the 2007 Sierra Leone elections2008Rapport (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Post-conflict African states such as Sierra Leone, face critical challenges as they embark on the complex tasks of reconciliation, peace and the rebuilding of war-torn societies. Conflict transformation ultimately depends on the democratisation of society, in ways that promote equitable inclusiveness in the political process, social justice and the promotion of citizenship rights. This collection of three essays explores the significance of Sierra Leone's 2007 elections in the light of the quest of the people for a democracy that is responsive to social demands, welfare and popular aspirations. It provides first-hand information and analysis of the struggles of the Sierra Leonean citizens to overcome the legacy of a traumatic past, by using their vote to sanction bad governance, and choose a path to a good life and sustainable democracy as the most viable guarantee for peace and development.

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