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  • 1.
    Adetula, Victor
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Growing mistrust – a threat to democracy in Ghana: opportunities and challenges in the upcoming general elections2016Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In comparison with other African countries, faith in democracy is strong in Ghana. But the legal tussles that followed the last general election in 2012, and the disqualification of some candidates on trifling grounds in the lead-up to this year’s presidential elections, has spurred public mistrust. This policy note issues a warning about hate speech, violent demonstrations and macho-men militias.

  • 2.
    Adetula, Victor
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Principle and practice of supranationalism in ECOWAS and the implications for regional integration in West Africa2016Inngår i: Political Science Review, ISSN 1996-4124, Vol. 7, nr 1, 17-34 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of ‘supranationalism’ covers procedures and processes of decision-making in multi-national political communities that encourages the transfer of power to an authority broader than governments of member states. This paper acknowledges that the world is experiencing a re-awakening of supranationality, and that contemporary globalisation processes is contributing to this development that has not only checkmated the state and dissolves the absolutes of the Westphalian system, but has brought in other non-state actors including the civil society to be closely associated with the operations of international organizations. Globalisation processes have come with new challenges for governance and the management of global public goods (such as health, education, human security, etc.). The established of the African Economic Community (AEC) motivated other African regional organisations to introduce elements of supranationality in their operations. From various provisions in the Abuja Treaty, the understanding of supranationality as a situation where an international organization is endowed with powers to take decisions that are binding on it and all the member states is quite clear. The influence of this development is significant for regional integration in Africa. Using historical data and information on the performance of ECOWAS, this paper contextualizes the experience of ECOWAS in its practice of supranationalism. It highlights the opportunities, pressures and constraints for the effective and efficient operation of the supranational organization for ECOWAS These developments are important given that inter-governmentalism for long dominated the process of regional integration in Africa with each member states of regional organization retaining and exercising their full sovereign power in their separate decisions on the application and implementation of regional agreements. The paper concludes by arguing that ECOWAS, with the support of an efficiently run supranational body in the form of the ECOWAS Commission, can facilitate the process of regional integration in West Africa. This, of course, has several political ramifications demanding complex institutions and structures, and extensive political will, as well as unity of objectives and commitments at national and sub-regional.  It suffices to say here that the success of West African integration will depend first on the commitment of states in the ECOWAS region to redefine regional integration in a way that moves the process beyond state-centered approaches to include, among other things, the increased participation of civil society - the people and their representatives in associations, professional societies, farmers’ group, women’s groups and so on, as well as political parties - in regional integration processes.

  • 3.
    Adetula, Victor
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Sweden's bid for a UN Security Council seat and what Africa stands to gain2016Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish government should involve the African diaspora in Sweden to secure the support of African countries in the UN. It also needs to clarify in what ways Sweden's feminist foreign policy is compatible with African values of respect and dignity for womanhood. These are a couple of recommendations provided in this policy note on how Sweden should act to improve relations with African countries and succeed in its ambitions to achieve the sustainable development goals of Agenda 2030.

  • 4.
    Adetula, Victor A. O.
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Jaiyebo, Olugbemi
    Regional economic communities and peacebuilding in Africa: the experiences of ECOWAS and IGAD2016Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    African states have responded to the challenges of the post-Cold War international system mostly by collectively promoting subregional and continental-wide initiatives in conflict resolution and peacebuilding. Admittedly, the existence of many violent conflicts in Africa, as well as their ‘domino’ effects at thesub-regional level, contributed significantly to the growing desire for collective security systems and conflict management mechanisms. The broadening of the role and functions of African regional organisations to include responsibility for peacebuilding and conflict management generally adds credence to the efficacy of regional integration. Many issues, however, present themselves in the engagement of RECs with the peacebuilding process in Africa. Although primarily set up to promote economic integration, Africa’s RECs have increasingly taken up a prominent role in conflict resolution and peace support operations, as evident in the recent peace processes in Burundi, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Cote d’Ivoire, Zimbabwe, Mali, Congo DRC, Sudan, and South Sudan, among others. In spite of the challenges they face, RECs are capable of playing important roles with regard to peace mediation, peacekeeping and peacebuilding.

  • 5.
    Adu, George
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Amporfu, Eugenia
    Does Stock Market Development Enhance Private Investment in Ghana?2016Inngår i: International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Research, ISSN 2371-1655, Vol. 2, 68-78 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper investigates the extent to which stock market development enhances private investment in Ghana. Quarterly times series data for the period 1991(Q1) to 2011(Q4) are used. Stock market development is proxy by market capitalization. The paper adopts the Dynamic Ordinary Least Squares (DOLS) method of estimation. The results for deposit interest rates, GDP per capita, and public investment confirm complementarity hypothesis, accelerator principle, as well as “crowding-in” effect for Ghana in the long-run in their respective cases. Market capitalization also increases private investment in the long-run. However, inflation reduces private investment. In the short-run, one quarter lag and two quarters lag values of private investment and public investment respectively increases private investment, while one quarter lag value of market capitalization reduces current levels of private investment. The paper recommends further development of the stock market since doing so will attract more investors and ultimately enhance private investment.

  • 6.
    Adu, George
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Natural resource revenues and public investment in resource-rich economies in sub-Saharan Africa2016Rapport (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The general policy prescription for resource-rich countries is that, for sustainable consumption, a greater percentage of the windfall from resource rents should be channelled into accumulating foreign assets such as a sovereign public fund as done in Norway and other developed but resource-rich countries. This might not be a correct policy prescription for resource-rich sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries, where public capital is very low to support the needed economic growth. In such countries, rents from resources serve as opportunity to scale-up the needed public capital. Using panel data for the period 1990–2013, we find in line with the scaling-up hypothesis that resource rents significantly increase public investment in SSA and that this tends to depend on the quality of political institutions. We also find evidence of a positive effect of public investment on economic growth, which also depends on the level of resource rents. Using some of the components of public investment, such as health and education expenditure, we find a negative effect of resource rents, suggesting among other things that public spending of resource rents is directed more to other infrastructure investments.

  • 7.
    Adu, George
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    What Drives Structural Transformation in Sub-Saharan Africa?2016Inngår i: African Development Review, ISSN 1017-6772, E-ISSN 1467-8268, Vol. 28, nr 2, 157-169 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper provides an empirical assessment of the driving forces behind structural transformation in sub-Saharan Africa, and to further access the role of structural reforms in accounting for cross-country differences in transformation. Evidence from this paper reveals that country specific fundamentals, institutions and policy reforms as well as governance and fiscal reforms are the key drivers of transformation in the region. A set of policy strategies is proposed to engender sustained transformation and development in the region.

  • 8.
    Adu, George
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Adu Asamoah, Lawrence
    Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology.
    An Empirical Analysis of the Determinants of Interest Rates in Ghana2016Inngår i: Journal of African Business, ISSN 1522-8916, E-ISSN 1522-9076, Vol. 17, nr 3, 377-396 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper provides an empirical analysis of the determinants of the bank lending rate in Ghana using annual time series data from 1970 to 2013. We found evidence of a long-run equilibrium relationship between the average lending rate charged by commercial banks and its determining factors. In the long run, bank lending rates in Ghana are positively influenced by nominal exchange rates and Bank of Ghana’s monetary policy rate but negatively with fiscal deficit, real GDP and inflation. We also find positive dependence of the bank lending rate on exchange rates, and the monetary policy rate both in the short and long run. Specifically, our findings reveal that the Bank of Ghana’s monetary policy rate and the exchange rate, by far, show strong contemporaneous effects on the average bank lending rate in Ghana.

  • 9.
    Adu, George
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Alagidede, Paul
    Climate, Technological Change and Economic Growth2016Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates the incentive for developing adaptation technology in a world with changing climate within the directed technical change framework. Consistent with the market size effect, we show that technological change will tend to be biased in favour of the sector that employs the greater share of the work force over time, when the inputs are sufficiently substitutable. An economy with dominant climate sensitive sector can maintain sustained economic growth if it is capable of undertaking frontier innovations in the form of adaptation technology that increases the productivity of the inputs employed in the climate sensitive sector

  • 10.
    Adu, George
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit. Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology.
    Alagidede, Paul
    University of the Witwatersrand.
    Boakye Frimpong, Prince
    Garden City University College.
    The effect of climate change on economic growth: evidence from Sub-Saharan Africa2016Inngår i: Environmental Economics and Policy Studies, ISSN 1432-847X, E-ISSN 1867-383X, Vol. 18, nr 3, 417-436 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study is a contribution to the empirics of climate change and its effect on sustainable economic growth in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Using data on two climate variables: temperature and precipitation, and employing panel cointegration econometric technique of the long- and short-run effects of climate change on growth, we establish that temperatures beyond 24.9 °C would significantly reduce economic performance in SSA. Furthermore, we show that the relationship between real GDP per capita on one hand and temperature on the other is intrinsically nonlinear.

  • 11.
    Alfredsson, Henrik
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Sköld, MattiasNordiska Afrikainstitutet.Sävström, JohanNordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Shades of Africa: research on a changing continent2016Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 12.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Djibouti: Strategic Location, an Asset or a Curse2016Inngår i: Journal of African Foreign Affairs, ISSN 2056-564X, E-ISSN2056-5658, Vol. 3, nr 1&2, 5-18 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 13.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Eritrea’s refugee crisis and the role of the international community2016Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Five thousand refugees leave Eritrea each month according to UNHCR, making it one of the world’s fastest-emptying countries. In this policy note, Redie Bereketeab, researcher at the Nordic Africa Institute, analyses the role and responsibility of the international community in the Eritrean migration crisis.

  • 14.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Revisiting The Eritrean National Liberation Movement, 1960-19612016Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 15.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    The Interplay between National, Regional and International Dynamics in the Production of Conflicts in the Horn of Africa2016Inngår i: Journal of Oromo studies, ISSN 1070-2202, Vol. 22, nr 1, 53-73 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 16.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Between Labor Mígration and Forced Displacement: Wartime Mobilities in the Burkina Faso-Côte d'Ivoire Transnational Space2016Inngår i: Conflict and Society, ISSN 2164-4551, Vol. 2, nr 1, 52-67 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The significant number of involuntary returns of labor migrants to Burkina Faso is a relatively neglected aspect of the armed confl ict in Côte d’Ivoire. Between 500,000 and 1 million Burkinabe migrants were forced to leave Côte d’Ivoire between 2000 and 2007, placing tremendous pressure on local communities in Burkina Faso to receive and integrate these mass arrivals, and causing those returning labor migrants an acute sense of displacement. Th is article analyzes the experiences of displacement and resettlement in the context of the Ivorian crisis and explores the dialectics of displacement and emplacement in the lives of involuntary labor migrant returnees; their young adult children; and Burkinabe recruits returning aft er their service in the Forces Nouvelles rebel forces in Côte d’Ivoire.

  • 17.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Erdman Vigh, Henrik
    University of Copenhagen.
    Introduction: The Dialectics of Displacement and Emplacement2016Inngår i: Conflict and Society, ISSN 2164-4551, Vol. 2, nr 1, 9-15 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Wars unsettle our commonsense understandings of movement and mobility. Simultaneously entropic and inertial, they conjure up images of rampant disorder and chaos as well as strained and crippled formations locked in negative tension. On the one hand, detrimental movement; on the other, deadly stalemate. Both mobility and immobility are, as such, associated with the iconography of warfare and confl icts. Th ey may be presented as out of time through pictures of empty streets, ruins, trenches, and dead bodies frozen in contorted positions, yet, conversely, some of the most archetypical images of war connote speed, fl ows, and movement, seen in images of troop advances or retreats, rows of traveling refugees, and hauls of humanitarian aid shipped or fl own into airports and harbors from afar. In temporal terms, confl ict and violence are oft en represented in the lethargy of decay or the entropy of aggression.

  • 18.
    De Coning, Cedric
    et al.
    NUPI.
    Gelot, LinnéaNordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit. Göteborgs universitet.Karlsrud, JohnNUPI.
    The future of African peace operations: from the Janjaweed to Boko Haram2016Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Facing threats ranging from Islamist insurgences to the Ebola pandemic, African regional actors are playing an increasingly vital role in safeguarding peace and stability across the continent. But while the African Union has demonstrated its ability to deploy forces on short notice and in difficult circumstances, the challenges posed by increasingly complex conflict zones have revealed a widening divide between the theory and practice of peacekeeping. With the AU ’s African Standby Force becoming fully operational in 2016, this timely and much-needed work argues that responding to these challenges will require a new and distinctively African model of peacekeeping, as well as a radical revision of the current African security framework.

    The first book to provide a comprehensive overview and analysis of African peace operations, The Future of African Peace Operations gives a long overdue assessment of the ways which peacekeeping on the continent has evolved overthe past decade. It will be a vital resource for policy makers, researchers and all those seeking solutions and insights into the immense security challenges which Africa is facing today.

  • 19.
    Eriksson Skoog, Gun
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Cocoa in post-conflict Liberia: the role of institutions for the development of inclusive agricultural markets2016Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Liberia has a long history of non-inclusive development with dire consequences for its population, in terms of poverty and conflict. This research explores recent trends in the post-war Liberian cocoa market that suggest a possible break with the past. Structural changes in the cocoa market are found to have strengthened the bargaining power of smallholder farmers and increased their market participation on increasingly beneficial terms in a number of ways – such as a larger share of the world-market price and better access to inputs and services. The cocoa market has become more inclusive. The research explains how a series of institutional changes – changes in the formal and informal rules of the game – have contributed to this process and suggests why. It identifies four major causal mechanisms that help us better understand the role that institutions can play in making agricultural markets more inclusive – in Liberia and beyond.

  • 20.
    Gelot, Linnéa
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    The Role and Impact on the African Union2016Inngår i: Political Rationale and International Consequences of the War in Libya / [ed] Dag Henriksen and Ann Karin Larssen, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016, 269-285 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 21.
    Gelot, Linnéa
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit. Göteborgs universitet.
    Brosché, Johan
    Uppsala universitet.
    Fröjmark, Henrik
    ”Carl Bildt sprider allvarliga felaktigheter”2016Inngår i: Svenska dagbladetArtikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 22.
    Gobodo-Madikizela, Pumla
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    What does it mean to be human in the aftermath of historical trauma?: re-envisioning The Sunflower and why Hannah Arendt was wrong2016Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    What does it mean to be human in the aftermath of mass trauma and violence? When victims and perpetrators of gross human rights violations live in the same country, and sometimes as neighbours, what strategies can help individuals and communities deal with trauma in a way that restores dignity to victims and enables perpetrators to be accountable for their crimes? This essay explores these questions. Examples that illustrate attempts to create sites for listening, for moral reflection and for initiating the difficult process of dialogue at community and individual levels after mass trauma and violence are discussed. It is argued that in the aftermath of historical trauma, restoring human bonds requires a new vocabulary of re-humanization. This new mode of being human calls for a “reparative humanism” that opens towards a horizon of an ethics of care for the sake of a transformed society.

  • 23.
    Havnevik, Kjell
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Agrarian Change, Property and Resources.
    Oestigaard, TerjeNordiska Afrikainstitutet, Agrarian Change, Property and Resources.Tobisson, EvaVirtanen, TeaNordiska Afrikainstitutet, Agrarian Change, Property and Resources.
    Framing African development : challenging concepts2016Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 24.
    Hellsten, Sirkku
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Deconstructing the myth of the African middle class2016Inngår i: The rise of Africa's middle class: myths, realities and critical engagements, London ; Uppsala: Zed Books ; Nordiska Afrikainstitutet , 2016, 95-109 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 25.
    Hellsten, Sirkku
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Radicalisation and terrorist recruitment among Kenya’s youth2016Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    With little chance of getting any education or jobs, young slum dwellers in Kenya are easy prey for terrorist recruiters from al-Shabaab and ISIS. Politicians must therefore address the social development of poor neighbourhoods and specifically target the youth. Equally important in order to prevent further radicalisation, this policy note argues, is the fight against corruption.

  • 26.
    Hellsten, Sirkku
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Rheotric and Politics of 'New Africa'2016Inngår i: Théories de la justice: Justice globale, agents de la justice et justice de genre : Semininaires doctoraux de Youndé; Yaoundé PhD seminars 2012-2014 / [ed] Ernest-Marie Mbonda and Thierry Ngosso, Louvain-la-Neuve: Presses universitaires de Louvain , 2016, 83-95 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 27.
    Hellsten, Sirkku
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Transitional Justice, Gender Programming, and the UNSCR 1325: African Context and the case of Kenya2016Inngår i: Journal of International Development, ISSN 0954-1748, E-ISSN 1099-1328, Vol. 28, nr 3, 360-375 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The article examines the implementation of UNSCR 1325 ‘Women, Peace, and Security’ within the framework of post-colonial feminism. The author argues that in current international development co-operation, there is a need for deeper understanding of the complex, context-relevant social and political power structures and processes that prevent gender programming from enhancing gender justice. As an empirical case study the article discusses the challenges that the implementation of the UNSCR 1325 has been facing in Kenya.

  • 28.
    Hellsten, Sirkku
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Palmer, Eric
    Editorial2016Inngår i: Journal of Global Ethics, ISSN 1744-9626, E-ISSN 1744-9634, Vol. 12, nr 2, 123-126 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 29.
    Malmström, Maria Frederika
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Politics of Female Circumcision in Egypt : Gender, Sexuality and the Construction of Identity2016Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The percentage of women aged 15-49 in Egypt who have undergone the procedure of female circumcision, or genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) stands at 91%, according to the latest research carried out by UNICEF. Female circumcision has become a global political minefield with 'Western' interventions affecting Egyptian politics and social development, not least in the area of democracy and human rights. Maria Frederika Malmstrom employs an ethnographic approach to this controversial issue, with the aim of understanding how female gender identity is continually created and re-created in Egypt through a number of daily practices, and the central role which female circumcision plays in this process. Viewing the concept of 'agency' as critical to the examination of social and cultural trends in the region, Malmstrom explores the lived experiences and social meanings of circumcision and femininity as narrated by women from Cairo. It is through the examination of the voices of these women that she offers an analysis of gender identity in Egypt and its impact on women's sexuality.

  • 30.
    Melber, Henning
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    The rise of Africa's middle class: myths, realities and critical engagements2016Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    "Across Africa, a burgeoning middle class has become the poster child for the 'Africa rising' narrative. Ambitious, aspirational and increasingly affluent, this group is said to embody the values and hopes of the new Africa, with international bodies ranging from the United Nations Development Programme to the World Bank regarding them as important agents of both economic development and democratic change. This narrative, however, obscures the complex and often ambiguous role that this group actually plays in African societies. Bringing together economists, political scientists, anthropologists and development experts, and spanning a variety of case studies from across the continent, this collection provides a much-needed corrective to the received wisdom within development circles, and provides a fresh perspective on social transformations in contemporary Africa."

  • 31.
    Oestigaard, Terje
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Agrarian Change, Property and Resources.
    Developing the ‘Other’: Challenging Concepts2016Inngår i: Framing African Development: Challenging Concepts / [ed] Havnevik, K., Oestigaard, T., Tobisson, E. & Virtanen, T., Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2016, 16-34 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 32.
    Oestigaard, Terje
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Prehistoric Ethics: Comment to Liv Nilsson Stutz’ article2016Inngår i: Current Swedish Archaeology, ISSN 1102-7355, Vol. 24, 65-70 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 33.
    Oestigaard, Terje
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Rainfed agriculture, drought and hunger in Tanzania2016Inngår i: A History of Water, Series 3, Volume 3. Water and Food: From Hunter-Gatherers to Global Production in Africa / [ed] Terje Tvedt & Terje Oestigaard, London: I.B. Tauris, 2016, 332-354 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 34.
    Oestigaard, Terje
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Water, national identities and hydro-politics in Egypt and Ethiopia2016Inngår i: Land and Hydro-politics in the Nile River Basin: Challenges and New Investments / [ed] Sandström, E., Jägerskog, A. & Oestigaard, T., London: Routledge, 2016, 211-230 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 35.
    Oestigaard, Terje
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Sandström, EmilAnders, Jägerskog
    Land and Hydropolitics in the Nile River Basin: Challenges and New Investments2016Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The Nile River Basin supports the livelihoods of millions of people in Egypt, Ethiopia, Sudan and Uganda, principally as water for agriculture and hydropower. The resource is the focus of much contested development, not only between upstream and downstream neighbours, but also from countries outside the region. This book investigates the water, land and energy nexus in the Nile Basin.

    It explains how the current surge in land and energy investments, both by foreign actors as well as domestic investors, affects already strained transboundary relations in the region and how investments are intertwined within wider contexts of Nile Basin history, politics and economy. Overall, the book presents a range of perspectives, drawing on political science, international relations theory, sociology, history and political ecology.

  • 36.
    Oestigaard, Terje
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Sandström, Emil
    Jägerskog, Emil
    Changing challenges: new hydro-political landscapes in the Nile Basin2016Inngår i: Land and Hydro-politics in the Nile River Basin: Challenges and New Investments / [ed] Sandström, E., Jägerskog, A. & Oestigaard, T., London: Routledge, 2016, 1-13 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 37.
    Oestigaard, Terje
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Tvedt, Terje
    A History of Water, Series 3, Vol. 3: Water and Food: From Hunter-Gatherers to Global Production in Africa.2016Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    All societies must manage their water resources. From the early civilizations of the Indus valley, nearly 5,000 years ago, to today’s megacities, meeting the water needs of an urban population remains a perpetual task. How a society manages and controls its water resources - whether for food and farming, drinking, sanitation, power or transport – plays a formative role in its development. And never more so than in our own century, with the global population approaching seven billion and the continuing threat of climate change.

    As concerns over global water resources continue to grow, the pioneering History of Water series brings a much needed historical perspective to the relationship between water and society. Covering all aspects of water and society - social, cultural, political, religious and technological - the volumes reveal how water issues can only be fully understood when all aspects are properly integrated. Unprecedented in its geographical coverage and unrivalled in its multidisciplinary span, the History of Water series makes a unique and original contribution to a key contemporary issue.

  • 38.
    Oestigaard, Terje
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Tvedt, Terje
    Approaches to African Food Production in a Water Society Systems Perspective.2016Inngår i: A History of Water, Series 3, Volume 3. Water and Food: From Hunter-Gatherers to Global Production in Africa / [ed] Terje Tvedt & Terje Oestigaard, London: I.B. Tauris, 2016, 1-25 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 39. Palmer, Eric
    et al.
    Hellsten, Sirkku
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Editorial2016Inngår i: Journal of Global Ethics, ISSN 1744-9626, E-ISSN 1744-9634, Vol. 12, nr 1, 1-5 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 40.
    Themnér, Anders
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit. Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Utas, Mats
    Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi.
    Governance through Brokerage: Informal Governance in Post-Civil War Societies2016Inngår i: Civil Wars, ISSN 1369-8249, E-ISSN 1743-968X, Vol. 18, nr 3, 255-280 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    There is currently a lack of knowledge about how elites rule post-civil war societies without strong state institutions. This paper argues that elites oftentimes overcome such institutional deficiencies by engaging in governance through brokerage. According to this perspective, elites outsource central state functions to influential broker figures. This is particularly true when dealing with war-affected groups that possess much violent agency. By functioning as social membranes, brokers can help elites and war-affected groups to redefine a new social contract. Liberia is employed as an example to illustrate the paper’s central arguments.

  • 41.
    Udelsmann Rodrigues, Cristina
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Nationalisms in Lusophone Africa2016Inngår i: Journal of Southern African Studies, ISSN 0305-7070, E-ISSN 1465-3893, Vol. 42, nr 4, 793-795 s.Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 42.
    Udelsmann Rodrigues, Cristina
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Strategies of Urban Inclusion in the Imagined Modern Luanda2016Inngår i: Governing Urban Africa / [ed] Carlos Nunes Silva, London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2016, 191-211 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Luanda, the capital of Angola, has recently been subjected to extraordinary changes, supported by increased wealth and investments associated with the end of the war. The ideas of modernity that clearly stand out are deeply rooted in the city’s configuration and reconfiguration over the years. They inform not only the modernising perspectives and philosophy of policymakers and investors but also those of the urban dwellers. Often, however, the imagined modernity and its benefits do not match the lived realities. This chapter makes reference to the evolution of the city, emphasising the differences between main periods and identifying the underlining strategies in terms of inclusions and exclusions. The conclusions presented, based on empirical and documentary research, point to shifting strategies of urban inclusion and changing categories of the excluded.

  • 43.
    Udelsmann Rodrigues, Cristina
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    The Portuguesinhos: Experiences of Return and Reintegration of Angolan Police Commissioned Officers Who Studied in Portugal2016Inngår i: Journal of Global Initiatives: Policy, Pedagogy, Perspective, Vol. 11, nr 1, 77-98 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyses individual pathways of Angolan commissioned officers educated in Portugal, focusing specifically on their return to their country of origin and on the features of their reintegration into professional life. It aims at contributing to the discussion of mobility and migration, discussing issues of qualification and circulation of ‘brains’ between developed and developing countries. The analysis is based on quantitative and qualitative data obtained by conducting field research. It calls for the elaboration of strategies to deal simultaneously with the individual, the organisational and the societal conditions and consequently provides an important viewpoint of the processes of transformation of the Angolan society and institutions.

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