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  • 1.
    Angerbrandt, Henrik
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Nigeria and the Lake Chad Region beyond Boko Haram2017Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In light of a recent UN Security Council resolution on the Lake Chad region, this policy note identifies major challenges that need to be addressed to create conditions for actors in the region to build a lasting peace. The issues include demobilising local vigilantes and resolving land-related conflicts.

  • 2.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Challenges of State Building, State Reconstruction and National Identity Reconfiguration2017Inngår i: State Building and National Identity Reconstruction in the Horn of Africa / [ed] Redie Bereketeab, Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan, 2017, 1, 3-21 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 3.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    From Deconstruction to Reconstruction2017Inngår i: State Building and National Idenity Reconstruction in the Horn of Africa / [ed] Redie Bereketeab, Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan, 2017, 1, 225-235 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 4.
    bereketeab, redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    State Building and National Identity Reconstruction in the Horn of Africa2017 (oppl. 1)Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 5.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    State Building and National Identity Reconstruction in the Horn of Africa2017Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 6.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    The Collapse of IGAD Peace Mediation in the Current South Sudan Civil War: When National Interest Dictates Peace Mediation2017Inngår i: Journal of African Foreign Affairs, ISSN 2056-564X, Vol. 4, nr 1 & 2, 67-84 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 7.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    The Role of the International Community in the Eritrean Refugee Crisis2017Inngår i: Geopolitics, History, and International Relations, ISSN 1948-9145, Vol. 9, nr 1, 68-82 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the role of the international community in the Eritrean refugee crisis. It critically analyses the international community's, as represented by UN, AU, EU and US, failure to fulfill its obligation. The UN, OAU, EU and US were witnesses and guarantors of the Algiers Agreement. As such, they assumed responsibility of making sure of the implementation of the Ethiopia-Eritrea Border Commission Verdict. The Algiers Agreement empowered the guarantors to invoke UN Chapter VII, if one or both of the parties violates its commitment. Fourteen years later the EEBC Verdict is awaiting implementation with immense consequence to Eritrea. Deriving from text analysis and drawing on previous research I argue in this article that the international community by failing to fulfill its legal obligation contributed to the current Eritrean refugee crisis. It is the contention of this article only the unconditional implementation of the boundary commission that brings peace and stability to the region that would stem the flow of the refugees.

  • 8.
    Beyene, Atakilte
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Adetula, Victor
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Ethiopia in the United Nations Security Council 2017-20182017Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Enforce the ‘African solutions to African problems’ principle in the UN and promote cooperation with the African Union and its regional communities. That is what Ethiopia should work for during its two-year term in the Security Council. To perform on this global stage, the Ethiopian government has to address its domestic democracy and governance issues.

  • 9.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Zouglou Music and Youth in Urban Burkina Faso: Displacement and the Social Performance of Hope2017Inngår i: Hope and Uncertainty in Contemporary African Migration / [ed] Nauja Kleist and Dorte Thorsen, London: Routledge, 2017, 58-75 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 10.
    Eriksson, Mikael
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit. FOI Totalförsvarets forskningsinstitut .
    Who put the 'Post' in the Post-Arab Spring?: Towards a Fresh Narrative for North Africa2017Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    When will we see a regional UN headquarter for migration in Rabat, or a centre of excellence for ocean studies in Tripoli? In this policy note, NAI researcher Mikael Eriksson recommends outside-the-box thinking, in an effort to gain a fresh perspective on a region that may have lost its spring-time energy, but not the idea itself – or the people behind it.

  • 11.
    Gelot, Linnéa
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit. School of Global Studies, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Civilian protection in Africa: How the protection of civilians is being militarized by African policymakers and diplomats2017Inngår i: Contemporary Security Policy, ISSN 1352-3260, E-ISSN 1743-8764, Vol. 38, nr 1, 161-173 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores how the protection of civilians is being militarized by African policymakers and diplomats. I draw on practice approaches to analyze what social groups are doing when they claim to “protect civilians.” I show how innovative protection mechanisms can be seen as a function of officials and diplomats coping with the changing circumstances of increasingly militarized politics in Africa. Specifically, accountability mechanisms for unintended and intended civilian harm by African security operations have originated in connection with this development. I argue that these are results of anchoring practices, which means that everyday informal interactions in one context become linked to another context. I argue that these emerging accountability mechanisms represent a new combination of practices, with the potential of changing the routine activities and mutual learning between policymakers and diplomats.

  • 12.
    Hellsten, Sirkku
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Afrikkalainen filosofia ja rasismi2017Inngår i: Rasismi ja filosofia / [ed] Jani Sinokki, Turku: Eetos , 2017, 147-165 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 13.
    Mohamed Nour, Samia Satti
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit. Department of Economics, Faculty of Economic and Social Studies, University of Khartoum.
    Africa bridging the digital divides2017Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Africa’s leapfrogging information and communication technology development is fueled by mobile broadband. The number of mobile-broadband subscriptions on the continent has increased more than 15 times over the past six years, a growth rate that is three times the global average. However, there are also worrying trends, such as a growing digital divide between men and women, and between urban and rural areas.

  • 14.
    Mususa, Patience
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Udelsmann Rodrigues, CristinaNordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Africa's urban future: conference report, Helsinki 12 May 20172017Konferanseproceedings (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 15.
    Oestigaard, Terje
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Agrarian Change, Property and Resources.
    Holy water: the works of water indefining and understanding holiness.2017Inngår i: WIREs Water, ISSN 0935-879X, E-ISSN 2049-1948, Vol. 4, nr 3, 1-12 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Holy water has a central role in shaping the understanding and beliefs of holiness in general, but how does holy water work, and what defines holy water? By analyzing holy water in three different religious traditions—Christianity in Northern Europe, Ethiopian Orthodox Christianity, and Hinduism—the aim is to discuss the metaphysical essence of water in human understanding and ideas of holiness embodied in water. On the one hand, holy water represents purity and has to be protected from defilement, but on the other hand, many holy rivers are severely polluted. This seeming paradox will be analyzed by focusing on actual beliefs and uses of holy water in ritual and religious practices. Holy water transmits purity and holiness, but it also transfers, transports, and transforms impurities. In the process of obtaining spiritual purity, devotees may pollute the holy because holy water is believed to have a divine agency. By comparing ritual practices and beliefs in three distinct religious traditions in Europe, Africa, and Asia, it is possible to enhance the understanding of the ways holiness and holy water are perceived to work in cultural-specific religious worldviews based on essential capacities of water cross-culturally. This directs the attention to the structuring mechanisms at work because water is conceptualized and used as holy in remarkably similar ways in many religions.

  • 16.
    Oestigaard, Terje
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Agrarian Change, Property and Resources.
    Kaliff, Anders
    Cremation, Corpses and Cannibalism. : Comparative Cosmologies and Centuries of CosmicConsumption.2017Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Death matters and the matters of death are initially, and to a large extent, the decaying flesh of the corpse. Cremation as a ritual practice is the fastest and most optimal way of dissolving the corpse’s flesh, either by annihilation or purification, or a combination. Still, cremation was not the final rite, and the archaeological record testifies that the dead represented a means to other ends – the flesh, and not the least the bones – have been incorporated in a wide range of other ritual contexts. While human sacrifices and cannibalism as ritual phenomena are much discussed in anthropology, archaeology has an advantage, since the actual bone material leaves traces of ritual practices that are unseen and unheard of in the contemporary world. As such, this book fleshes out a broader and more coherent understanding of prehistoric religions and funeral practices in Scandinavia by focusing on cremation, corpses and cannibalism.

  • 17.
    Seide, Wondwosen Michago
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet. Department of Political Science at Lund University.
    The Nuer pastoralists: between large scale agriculture and villagization : a case study of the Lare District in the Gambella Region of Ethiopia2017Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    "Ethiopia has shown encouraging economic development in the past years. The swirls of economic bubbles are impacting the different regions of the country. At the moment, there are several national and regional development projects being implemented in the Gambella Region in Western Ethiopia. However, being part ofthe development scheme of the federal state does not necessarily guarantee that this peripheral region will be integrated and brought closer to the political, cultural and economic core.

    This report is an attempt to contribute to this debate by focusing on two major themes: large-scale agriculture and the villagization programmes. It examines the dynamics of Gambella’s political economy and the process of incorporating the region – and the Nuer transhumant communities in particular – into the national economy. Specifically, it explores how processes of commercial farming investments and the villagization programme impact Nuer pastoralists. A policy recommendation to be concluded from this research is to acknowledge the nexus between two pastoral development approaches – pastoral area development vs. pastoralism development – so as to make them run in tandem without one excluding the other. By recognising them as mutually reinforcing, pastoralism could be promoted while resources are developed."

  • 18.
    Sjögren, Anders
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    From rural rebellions to urban riots: political competition and changing patterns of violent political revolt in Uganda2017Inngår i: Commonwealth and Comparative Politics, ISSN 1466-2043, E-ISSN 1743-9094, Vol. 55, nr 1, 22-40 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Violent political revolt has been common in independent Uganda. For a long time such revolts were exclusively expressed as rural-based rebel groups fighting the government. Since the mid-2000s, however, this seems to have come to an end. Instead, urban riots, very rare in the past, have become much more common. This article analyses the changing patterns of types and location of violent political revolt in Uganda under the National Resistance Movement. It argues that the earlier prevalence of rural rebellions can be explained by the combination of a coercive and militarised state, and weak and ethnically factionalised political forces who took their violent resistance to rural regional bases. Over time, however, government counter-insurgency became more effective and the conditions for insurgency were undermined by withdrawal of external support. Furthermore, the reintroduction of multi-party politics in 2005 opened up new avenues for political expression. The changes to the political system were however more nominal than real in many respects. While the rebel option had become less attractive and feasible, a series of social, economic and political grievances remained which were only partly channelled through party politics. They also found expression through sporadic urban violent revolt.

  • 19.
    Sjögren, Anders
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Oloo, Onyango
    Patel, Shailja
    State, Civil Society and Democracy in Kenya: Kenyans for Peace with Truth and Justice (KPTJ) and the Political Crisis of 2007-20082017Inngår i: Democracy, Constitutionalism, and Politics in Africa: Historical Contexts, Developments, and Dilemmas / [ed] Eunice N. Sahle, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2017, 265-295 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 20.
    Themnér, Anders
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit. Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Introduction: warlord democrats : wartime investments, democratic returns?2017Inngår i: Warlord democrats in Africa: ex-military leaders and electoral politics / [ed] Anders Themnér, London ; Uppsala: Zed Books ; Nordiska Afrikainstutet , 2017, 1-40 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 21.
    Themnér, Anders
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit. Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Warlord democrats in Africa: ex-military leaders and electoral politics2017Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Post-war democratization has been identified as a crucial mechanism to build peace in war-ridden societies, supposedly allowing belligerents to compete through ballots rather than bullets. A byproduct of this process, however, is that military leaders often become an integral part of the new democratic system, using resources and networks generated from the previous war to dominate the emerging political landscape.

    The crucial and thus-far overlooked question to be addressed, therefore, is what effect the inclusion of ex-militaries into electoral politics has on post-war security. Can 'warlord democrats' make a positive contribution by shepherding their wartime constituencies to support the building of peace and democracy, or are they likely to use their electoral platforms to sponsor political violence and keep war-affected communities mobilized through aggressive discourses?

    This important volume, containing a wealth of fresh empirical detail and theoretical insight, and focussing on some of Africa's most high-profile political figures – from Paul Kagame to Riek Machar to Afonso Dhlakama – represents a crucial intervention in the literature of post-war democratization.

  • 22.
    Udelsmann, Cristina
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Urban Modernity versus the Blood Diamond Legacy: Angola’s Urban Mining Settlements in the Aftermath of War2017Inngår i: Journal of Southern African Studies, ISSN 0305-7070, E-ISSN 1465-3893Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    For most of the latter half of the 20th century, war carved the contours of settlement andmining activity in Angola. The aim of this article is twofold: first, to contrast migrant andurban livelihoods during the war, distinguishing between artisanal guerrilla diamond-diggingsettlements and the refuge ‘government cities’, and, secondly, to compare recent patternsof migration, livelihoods, mineral production and aspirations among urban residents. Thisarticle focuses on four urban settlements in the Lundas’ diamond-producing provinces, tracingwartime diamond growth in boom towns and cantonment in government cities. Post-war urbanregeneration is characterised by investment in formal planned cities, and constraints on theinformal mining boom towns and their garimpo artisanal miners. Questions are posed regardingthese settlements’ population movements, livelihoods, residents’ conceptions of urban lifeand their quest for modernity. Amidst the multiplicity of wartime legacies and the envisagedreconstruction, renewed perceptions of urban life are increasingly focused on non-mininglivelihoods.

  • 23.
    Udelsmann Rodrigues, Cristina
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Angola Since the Civil War, Book Review of Ricardo Soares de Oliveira, Magnificent and Beggar Land: Angola Since the Civil War2017Inngår i: Journal of Southern African Studies, ISSN 0305-7070, E-ISSN 1465-3893, Vol. 43, nr 5, 1112-1114 s.Artikkel, omtale (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 24.
    Udelsmann Rodrigues, Cristina
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Changes to Urban Society in Angola: From Limited to Multi-Criteria Stratification2017Inngår i: African Studies Review, ISSN 0002-0206, E-ISSN 1555-2462Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the transformations to urban social stratification inAngola during the last decades. The analysis is centered on the indicators of socialdifference throughout these years: the racial criteria of the colonial times; the politicalprecedence in the first years after independence; and the multi-criteria of thepostwar period. Based on research conducted before and after the end of the civilwar in 2002, the article explores the construction and reconfiguration of urban societytoday, providing evidence of increased social mobility—despite the poverty anddeeper inequalities—and of the importance of economic and residential criteria.

  • 25.
    Udelsmann Rodrigues, Cristina
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Configuring the living environment in mining areas in Angola: contestations between mining companies, workers, local communities and the state2017Inngår i: The Extractive Industries and Society, ISSN 2214-790X, Vol. 4, nr 4, 727-734 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 26.
    Udelsmann Rodrigues, Cristina
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    No walk in the park: Transboundary cooperation in the Angolan war-torn Okavango2017Inngår i: Environmental Practice, ISSN 1466-0466, Vol. 19, nr 1, 4-15 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The Okavango region is currently part of a transboundary project extending to three neighboringcountries—Angola, Namibia, and Botswana. This article discusses the unequal trajectory and presentconditions for such cross-border cooperation, with a particular focus on Angola. Angola’s disadvantageousposition is above all due to the lasting effects of war that adversely hindered the developmentof structures and resources to engage in such joint programs. The central argument is that theinequalities pose particular challenges to the country to accompany the pace of the neighboringcountries. The article looks at the fragilities focusing on institutional resources, Angolan policy background,existing dedicated institutions, and human resources, as they are major concerns for post-warreconstruction. On the other hand, it poses questions regarding resilience effects on local levellivelihoods and on the future environmental management of the Okavango. This article is based ona literature and documental review and on data from fieldwork where local communities have to relymore heavily on the available natural resources in absence of others.

  • 27.
    Udelsmann Rodrigues, Cristina
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Organization and Representation of Informal Workers in São Tomé and Príncipe: State Agency and Sectoral Informal Alternatives2017Inngår i: African Studies Quarterly: The Online Journal of African Studies, ISSN 1093-2658, ISSN 2152-2448Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In São Tomé and Príncipe, both the size of the informal economy and the scope of the mechanisms of organization and representation are little known. A research conducted recently showed that the almost always limited and irregular incomes generated in this sector are also associated with precarity and a lack of social protection mechanisms. While initiatives led by the state and supported by international funders positioned unions as privileged organizations for representing and supporting the workers in this sector, the limited results generated opportunities for the creation of sectoral bottom-up initiatives. The discussion is then focused on the areas addressed by the initiatives of specific sectors and types of activity – taxi and motorbike drivers and money exchangers – comparing the outcomes with those of the unions in terms of increased social protection and representation.   

  • 28.
    Udelsmann Rodrigues, Cristina
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Renovações da Polícia em Angola: cooperação e formação internacional2017Inngår i: Politeia – Revista do Instituto Superior de Ciências Policiais, Vol. X-XI, 87-109 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The training of Angolan police officers under various international cooperation programs contributes to the construction of an original policing model in the country. The end of the war, the creation of training facilities in the country and the development of public policies favourable to the development of the national police lead to the renewal of the sector based on a model in a way hybrid as a result of various influences progressively built over the years. This article analyses these changes based on data collected in Angola as part of a wider research about the context of international cooperation in the area of training ofpolice officers.

  • 29.
    Udelsmann Rodrigues, Cristina
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Renovações da Polícia em Angola: cooperação e formação internacional2017Inngår i: Politeia – Revista do Instituto Superior de Ciências Policiais about, Vol. X-XII, 87-109 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The training of Angolan police officers under various international cooperation programs contributes to the construction of an original policing model in the country. The end of the war, the creation of training facilities in the country and the development of public policies favourable to the development of the national police lead to the renewal of the sector based on a model in a way hybrid as a result of various influences progressively built over the years. This article analyses these changes based on data collected in Angola as part of a wider research about the context of international cooperation in the area of training ofpolice officers.

  • 30.
    Udelsmann Rodrigues, Cristina
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    The Kwanhama partitioned by the border and the Angolan perspective of cross-border identity2017Inngår i: African Studies, ISSN 0002-0184, E-ISSN 1469-2872Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The Kwanhama, whose ancient kingdom occupies a vast area in Angola and in Namibia, are one of the African cases of people partitioned by the establishment of colonial borders. This division, along with the profound transformations of the last decades in the region – war, displacement and conditioned circulation – shaped the way a common identity has acquired different features in both countries. In the (under-researched) Angolan side, cross-border identity has progressively concentrated on the idea of a split between the two countries, as the Kwanhama king, Mandume, is believed to be buried on both sides of the border; and at the same time on the notion of a common belonging across the border. Based on data collected through fieldwork interviews in the Cunene province in Angola, this article adds to the discussion of the apparently ambiguous ideas of partitioned and shared notions of belonging.

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