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  • 1.
    Hårsmar, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, African International Links.
    Relations Key to Innovations – Peasants, Institutions and Technical Change on the Mossi Plateau in Burkina Faso2013Inngår i: African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development, Vol. 5, nr 1, 15-18 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    How can technical changes within food crop cultivation in a country like Burkina Faso be explained? This is an important question for the reduction of poverty, for enhanced food security as well as for economic growth. Poor countries, where agriculture is dominating broad based economic growth, require increased productivity in food crop cultivation. This study builds on fieldwork from three villages, undertaken in 2001/2002 and in 2010. The villages are situated on the ‘Mossi plateau’ in central Burkina Faso, where chronic poverty is widespread. The study finds the character of diffusion channels and the role of social relations to be decisive in explaining access, choice and adoption of new techniques. The innovation system theory is found relevant, not least because of its focus on power structures and relations between actors. To further strengthen such systems, intermediary organizations should be supported and informal institutions transformed.

  • 2.
    Åkesson, Lisa
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, African International Links.
    Making migrants responsible for development: Cape Verdean returnees and Northern migration policies2011Inngår i: Africa Spectrum, ISSN 0002-0397, E-ISSN 1868-6869, Vol. 41, nr 1, 61-83 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, there has been a surge of “Northern” policy documents concerned with increasing the positive effects of international migration in countries of origin. This article contrasts some basic assumptions in policies on migration, return and development with an anthropological study of Cape Verdean returnees, and it reveals some important disparities between the returnees’ experiences and the ideas underpinning policy documents. The article analyses the role returnees’ savings and skills play in local change in Cape Verde, and in particular it looks into entrepreneurial activities. This is related to a discussion of the conditions that must be fulfilled in order to make it possible for return migrants to contribute to positive social change. In conclusion, the article shows that structural conditions have a fundamental impact on individual migrants’ abilities to support development, a perspective often left out of contemporary policies.

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