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  • 1.
    Adama, Onyanta
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    Informal recycling2013Inngår i: Annual Report : 2012: Development Dilemmas, ISSN 1104-5256, Vol. 2012, 16-16 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 2.
    Adama, Onyanta
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    Urban governance and spatial inequality in service delivery: a case study of solid waste management in Abuja, Nigeria2012Inngår i: Waste Management & Research, ISSN 0734-242X, E-ISSN 1096-3669, Vol. 30, nr 9Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Spatial inequality in service delivery is a common feature in African cities. Several factors account for the phenomenon but there is growing attention towards urban governance and the role of the state. Urban governance policies such as privatization serve as key strategies through which the state regulates and (re)produces spatial inequality in service delivery. This study examined how governance practices related to privatization and the regulatory role of the state reinforce spatial inequalities in the delivery of solid waste services in Abuja, Nigeria. It focused primarily on the issue of cost recovery. Privatization became a major focus in Abuja in 2003 when the government launched a pilot scheme. Although it has brought improvements in service delivery, privatization has also increased the gap in the quality of services delivered in different parts of the city. Drawing on empirical data, the study revealed that little sensitivity to income and affordability, and to income differentials between neighbourhoods in the fixing of user charges and in the choice of the billing method is contributing to spatial inequalities in service delivery. Furthermore, the study suggests that these practices are linked to a broader issue, a failure of the government to see the people as partners. It therefore calls for more inclusive governance especially in decision-making processes. The study also emphasizes the need for a policy document on solid waste management, as this would encourage a critical assessment of vital issues including how privatization is to be funded, especially inlow-income areas.

  • 3.
    Adama-Ajonye, Onyanta
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    Beyond Dysfunctionality: Recycling in Kaduna2011Inngår i: Annual Report : 2010: The rise of Africa: miracle or mirage?, ISSN 1104-5256, Vol. 2010, 38-40 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 4.
    Adetula, Victor
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Land Ownership, Politics of Belonging and Identity Conflicts in the Jos Metropolis2015Inngår i: Studies in politics and society: journal of the Nigerian Political Science Association, ISSN 2006-9243, Vol. 3, nr 1, 67-80 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The conflicts in the Jos metropolis are not different from other identity conflicts over land in Africa. Studies have shown that dispute over environmental resources is not sufficient by itself to cause violence. When it does contribute to violence, it interacts with other political, economic, and social factors. This perspective draws attention to the social, economic and political contexts underlying environmental resource scarcity’s causal role in African conflicts. This is useful for situating the Jos sectarian conflicts within the context of the interplay of political, economic and social forces in the Jos metropolis. The conflicts connect more strongly to a long historical process on the Jos Plateau than some of the immediate problems widely reported in the media. At the centre of this historical process were British colonialism, the growth of the tin mining economy that brought the early Hausa and Fulani migrant labour to Jos, and the struggles over land. The British colonial administration through its policy of Indirect Rule, and the organization of ethnically segregated communities of ‘natives’ and ‘settlers’ created the settler-indigene divide. The Berom, Afizere and Anaguta who see themselves as the ‘first comers’ refer to themselves as ‘indigenes’ while they regard the Hausa and Fulani as ‘later comers’ and derogatorily labelled them as ‘settlers’. Both the indigenes and non-indigenes have always demonstrated strong emotional appeals to historical factors in their autochthonous claims. This paper examines the role of ethnicity, religion and other primordial sentiments in the Jos conflicts including the politics of belonging and how it relates to land ownership. This paper draws data from the author’s close observations of events in the Jos metropolis for a period of over two decades. Informal interviews, events analyses and qualitative data complement historical and contemporary documentary secondary sources on people, economy and politics of the city of Jos.

  • 5.
    Adetula, Victor
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit. University of Jos.
    Markets, Revolts, and Regime Change: The Political Economy of the Arab Spring2011Inngår i: Nigerian Journal of International Affairs, Vol. 37, nr 2, 17-48 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses the political economy of the Arab Spring. It draws attention to the economic and social factors underlying the recent uprisings in the Arab world. Essentially the article relates the internal dynamics in the Arab countries with their status and role in the global economy. It also notes especially the rising awareness in the Arab world on the role of the civil society in domestic politics, especially its capacity to demand political and economic change. The article is divided into five sections. The first section introduces the main issues, while the second section conceptually interprets the Arab Spring within the intellectual discourse on social revolution mainly but with a brief overview on regime change and democratic transition. The third section examines the relationship between oil, politics, and economy in the MENA region. The fourth section contains an analysis of the economic crisis and the various adjustment measures adopted by some governments on the eve of the uprisings. The fifth section examines the external dimensions of the Arab Spring including the international responses. The discussion of the lessons learned and policy recommendations concludes the article.

  • 6.
    Adetula, Victor
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Principle and practice of supranationalism in ECOWAS and the implications for regional integration in West Africa2016Inngår i: Political Science Review, ISSN 1996-4124, Vol. 7, nr 1, 17-34 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of ‘supranationalism’ covers procedures and processes of decision-making in multi-national political communities that encourages the transfer of power to an authority broader than governments of member states. This paper acknowledges that the world is experiencing a re-awakening of supranationality, and that contemporary globalisation processes is contributing to this development that has not only checkmated the state and dissolves the absolutes of the Westphalian system, but has brought in other non-state actors including the civil society to be closely associated with the operations of international organizations. Globalisation processes have come with new challenges for governance and the management of global public goods (such as health, education, human security, etc.). The established of the African Economic Community (AEC) motivated other African regional organisations to introduce elements of supranationality in their operations. From various provisions in the Abuja Treaty, the understanding of supranationality as a situation where an international organization is endowed with powers to take decisions that are binding on it and all the member states is quite clear. The influence of this development is significant for regional integration in Africa. Using historical data and information on the performance of ECOWAS, this paper contextualizes the experience of ECOWAS in its practice of supranationalism. It highlights the opportunities, pressures and constraints for the effective and efficient operation of the supranational organization for ECOWAS These developments are important given that inter-governmentalism for long dominated the process of regional integration in Africa with each member states of regional organization retaining and exercising their full sovereign power in their separate decisions on the application and implementation of regional agreements. The paper concludes by arguing that ECOWAS, with the support of an efficiently run supranational body in the form of the ECOWAS Commission, can facilitate the process of regional integration in West Africa. This, of course, has several political ramifications demanding complex institutions and structures, and extensive political will, as well as unity of objectives and commitments at national and sub-regional.  It suffices to say here that the success of West African integration will depend first on the commitment of states in the ECOWAS region to redefine regional integration in a way that moves the process beyond state-centered approaches to include, among other things, the increased participation of civil society - the people and their representatives in associations, professional societies, farmers’ group, women’s groups and so on, as well as political parties - in regional integration processes.

  • 7.
    Adolfo, Eldridge
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Angolans left out of their own future2013Inngår i: Annual Report : 2012: Development Dilemmas, ISSN 1104-5256, Vol. 2012, 46-46 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 8.
    Adolfo, Eldridge
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Better-off without a vote?2013Inngår i: Annual Report : 2012: Development Dilemmas, ISSN 1104-5256, Vol. 2012, 44-45 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 9.
    Adu, George
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Amporfu, Eugenia
    Does Stock Market Development Enhance Private Investment in Ghana?2016Inngår i: International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Research, ISSN 2371-1655, Vol. 2, 68-78 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper investigates the extent to which stock market development enhances private investment in Ghana. Quarterly times series data for the period 1991(Q1) to 2011(Q4) are used. Stock market development is proxy by market capitalization. The paper adopts the Dynamic Ordinary Least Squares (DOLS) method of estimation. The results for deposit interest rates, GDP per capita, and public investment confirm complementarity hypothesis, accelerator principle, as well as “crowding-in” effect for Ghana in the long-run in their respective cases. Market capitalization also increases private investment in the long-run. However, inflation reduces private investment. In the short-run, one quarter lag and two quarters lag values of private investment and public investment respectively increases private investment, while one quarter lag value of market capitalization reduces current levels of private investment. The paper recommends further development of the stock market since doing so will attract more investors and ultimately enhance private investment.

  • 10.
    Adu, George
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    What Drives Structural Transformation in Sub-Saharan Africa?2016Inngår i: African Development Review, ISSN 1017-6772, E-ISSN 1467-8268, Vol. 28, nr 2, 157-169 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper provides an empirical assessment of the driving forces behind structural transformation in sub-Saharan Africa, and to further access the role of structural reforms in accounting for cross-country differences in transformation. Evidence from this paper reveals that country specific fundamentals, institutions and policy reforms as well as governance and fiscal reforms are the key drivers of transformation in the region. A set of policy strategies is proposed to engender sustained transformation and development in the region.

  • 11.
    Adu, George
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Adu Asamoah, Lawrence
    Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology.
    An Empirical Analysis of the Determinants of Interest Rates in Ghana2016Inngår i: Journal of African Business, ISSN 1522-8916, E-ISSN 1522-9076, Vol. 17, nr 3, 377-396 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper provides an empirical analysis of the determinants of the bank lending rate in Ghana using annual time series data from 1970 to 2013. We found evidence of a long-run equilibrium relationship between the average lending rate charged by commercial banks and its determining factors. In the long run, bank lending rates in Ghana are positively influenced by nominal exchange rates and Bank of Ghana’s monetary policy rate but negatively with fiscal deficit, real GDP and inflation. We also find positive dependence of the bank lending rate on exchange rates, and the monetary policy rate both in the short and long run. Specifically, our findings reveal that the Bank of Ghana’s monetary policy rate and the exchange rate, by far, show strong contemporaneous effects on the average bank lending rate in Ghana.

  • 12.
    Adu, George
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit. Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology.
    Alagidede, Paul
    University of the Witwatersrand.
    Boakye Frimpong, Prince
    Garden City University College.
    The effect of climate change on economic growth: evidence from Sub-Saharan Africa2016Inngår i: Environmental Economics and Policy Studies, ISSN 1432-847X, E-ISSN 1867-383X, Vol. 18, nr 3, 417-436 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study is a contribution to the empirics of climate change and its effect on sustainable economic growth in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Using data on two climate variables: temperature and precipitation, and employing panel cointegration econometric technique of the long- and short-run effects of climate change on growth, we establish that temperatures beyond 24.9 °C would significantly reduce economic performance in SSA. Furthermore, we show that the relationship between real GDP per capita on one hand and temperature on the other is intrinsically nonlinear.

  • 13. Aina, Tade Akin
    et al.
    Etta, Florence E.
    Obi, Cyril I.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    The Search for a Sustainable Urban Development in Metropolitan Lagos, Nigeria: Problems and Prospects1994Inngår i: Third World Planning Review, ISSN 0142-7849, Vol. 16, nr 2Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 14.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet. Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Conceptualising Civil society in Africa: The case of Eritrea2009Inngår i: Journal of Civil Society, ISSN 1744-8689, E-ISSN 1744-8697, Vol. 5, nr 1, 35-59 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 15.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Djibouti: Strategic Location, an Asset or a Curse2016Inngår i: Journal of African Foreign Affairs, ISSN 2056-564X, E-ISSN2056-5658, Vol. 3, nr 1&2, 5-18 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 16.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Environmental Change, Conflicts and Problems of Sustainable Development in the Horn of Africa2014Inngår i: African and Asian Studies, ISSN 1569-2094, E-ISSN 1569-2108, Vol. 13, nr 3, 291-314 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 17.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Inter-state Conflicts in the Horn of Africa: Ethiopia, Eritrea and Djibouti2011Inngår i: Horn of Africa Journal, Vol. 2, 1-6 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 18.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Les Defis de la Construction del l'Etat au Sud-Soudan2013Inngår i: Afrique Contemporaine, Vol. 246, 35-52 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 19.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Post-Liberation State Building in South Sudan: Potentials and Challenges2014Inngår i: Journal of African Foreign Affairs, ISSN 2056-564x, Vol. 1, nr 1, 25-60 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper seeks to examine the post-liberation state building endeavour in South Sudan. Two civil wars stretching over more than five decades in quest for self-determination resulted in the secession of South Sudan. A negotiated settlement formalised in the Comprehensive Peace Agreement signed between the ruling National Congress Party and Sudan people's Liberation Movement in 2005 offered South Sudan the possibility to determine it destiny through popular plebiscite. When the plebiscite took place in January 2011, south Sudanese voted overwhelmingly for secession. On 9 July 2011 South Sudan was declared sovereign state that paved the way for the arduous process of state building. The nascent state was however born into serious problems. This article seeks to analyse the problems and enablement the nascent state encounters.

  • 20.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Redefining National Identity and Nation-Building in Post-secession Sudans: Civic and Ethnic Models2014Inngår i: Studies in Ethnicity and Nationalism, ISSN 1473-8481, E-ISSN 1754-9469, Vol. 14, nr 2, 302-318 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 21.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Re-examining Local Governance in Eritrea: The Redrawing of Administration Regions2012Inngår i: African and Asian Studies, ISSN 1569-2094, E-ISSN 1569-2108, Vol. 11, nr 1-2, 1-29 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 22.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Rethinking State-Building in the Horn of Africa: Challenges of Striking a Balance between Traditional and Modern Institutions2011Inngår i: African Studies, ISSN 0002-0184, E-ISSN 1469-2872, African Studies, ISSN 1469-2872, Vol. 70, nr 3, 376-392 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 23.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    State Building-Peace Building Nexus: The Horn of Africa2015Inngår i: The Algerian Journal of Political Sciences and International Relations, ISSN 1111-2115, nr 4Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 24.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Supra-Ethnic Nationalism: The case of Eritrea2002Inngår i: African Sociological Review, ISSN 1027-4332, Vol. 6, nr 2, 137-152 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 25.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Challenges of Regional Integration in the Horn of Africa2014Inngår i: Journal of US-China Public Administration, ISSN 1548-6591, E-ISSN 1935-9691, Vol. 11, nr 5, 401-414 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 26.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    The Collapse of IGAD Peace Mediation in the Current South Sudan Civil War: When National Interest Dictates Peace Mediation2017Inngår i: Journal of African Foreign Affairs, ISSN 2056-564X, Vol. 4, nr 1 & 2, 67-84 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 27.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Ethnic and Civic Foundations of Citizenship and Identity in the Horn of Africa2011Inngår i: Studies in Ethnicity and Nationalism, ISSN 1473-8481, E-ISSN 1754-9469, Studies in Ethnicity and Nationalism, Vol. 11, nr 1, 63-81 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 28.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The hopes and worries of a newborn state2012Inngår i: Annual Report : 2011: Africa's changing societies: reform from below, ISSN 1104-5256, 8-9 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 29.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    The Interplay between National, Regional and International Dynamics in the Production of Conflicts in the Horn of Africa2016Inngår i: Journal of Oromo studies, ISSN 1070-2202, Vol. 22, nr 1, 53-73 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 30.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Morality of the U.N. Security Council Sanctions agaist Eritrea: Defensibility, Political Objectives, and Consequences2013Inngår i: African Studies Review, ISSN 0002-0206, E-ISSN 1555-2462, Vol. 56, nr 2, 145--161 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 31.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Politics of Language in Eritrea: Equality of languages vs. bilingual official language policy2010Inngår i: Journal of Asian and African Studies, ISSN 0021-9096, E-ISSN 1745-2538, African and Asian Studies, Vol. 9, nr 1-2, 149-190 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The article analyzes the discourse of politics of language in Eritrea. It argues that the language debate in Eritrea over equality of languages and bilingual official langauge policy is more about power relations than about language per se. It relates to politics of identity that derives from the construction of two identity formations as understood by political elites. Equality of languages is based on ethnic identity, whereas official language is based on the construction of supra-ethnic civic identity. According to the constructivist bilingual official language Arabic and Tigrinya are supposed to represent two different socio-cultural identity formation, notably, Islam-Arabic  and Christian-Tigrinya. Consequently, the official language policy debate could be construed to derive from politics of power relation where two groups of elites supposedly representing the two identity formations are engaged in power competition reflecting real or imaginary socio-cultural cleavage of respective identity. In this sense the bilingual official language is designed to create social equilibrium wherein it is supposed that power would equitably distributed between two rival elite groups.

  • 32.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    The Role of the International Community in the Eritrean Refugee Crisis2017Inngår i: Geopolitics, History, and International Relations, ISSN 1948-9145, Vol. 9, nr 1, 68-82 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the role of the international community in the Eritrean refugee crisis. It critically analyses the international community's, as represented by UN, AU, EU and US, failure to fulfill its obligation. The UN, OAU, EU and US were witnesses and guarantors of the Algiers Agreement. As such, they assumed responsibility of making sure of the implementation of the Ethiopia-Eritrea Border Commission Verdict. The Algiers Agreement empowered the guarantors to invoke UN Chapter VII, if one or both of the parties violates its commitment. Fourteen years later the EEBC Verdict is awaiting implementation with immense consequence to Eritrea. Deriving from text analysis and drawing on previous research I argue in this article that the international community by failing to fulfill its legal obligation contributed to the current Eritrean refugee crisis. It is the contention of this article only the unconditional implementation of the boundary commission that brings peace and stability to the region that would stem the flow of the refugees.

  • 33.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    When Success Becomes a Liability: Challenges of State Buidling in Eritrea (1991-2005)2007Inngår i: African and Asian Studies, Vol. 6, nr 4, 395-430 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 34.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Between Labor Mígration and Forced Displacement: Wartime Mobilities in the Burkina Faso-Côte d'Ivoire Transnational Space2016Inngår i: Conflict and Society, ISSN 2164-4551, Vol. 2, nr 1, 52-67 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The significant number of involuntary returns of labor migrants to Burkina Faso is a relatively neglected aspect of the armed confl ict in Côte d’Ivoire. Between 500,000 and 1 million Burkinabe migrants were forced to leave Côte d’Ivoire between 2000 and 2007, placing tremendous pressure on local communities in Burkina Faso to receive and integrate these mass arrivals, and causing those returning labor migrants an acute sense of displacement. Th is article analyzes the experiences of displacement and resettlement in the context of the Ivorian crisis and explores the dialectics of displacement and emplacement in the lives of involuntary labor migrant returnees; their young adult children; and Burkinabe recruits returning aft er their service in the Forces Nouvelles rebel forces in Côte d’Ivoire.

  • 35.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, African International Links.
    Social Branding in Urban Burkina Faso2014Inngår i: Nordic Journal of African Studies, ISSN 1235-4481, E-ISSN 1459-9465, Vol. 23, nr 2, 83-99 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In the past decade Diaspo youths – second generation immigrants in Côte d’Ivoire who were forced to migrate to their parents’ country of origin, Burkina Faso, during the Ivorian civil war– have become a visible presence in Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso’s second largest city. By consciously displaying their Ivorian origins, they have provoked both the admiration and resentment of local youths, whose ambivalence towards the outspoken and colourful newcomers stems from Côte d’Ivoire’s central role as a destination for Burkinabé labour migrants since the colonial period. Regardless of this animosity, Diaspo youth culture has made its mark on the city.

    This paper explores the response of Diaspo youths to their social stigmatisation and argues that their claims to recognition and access may be understood as a process of social branding. It may be seen as a self-aware performance of otherness, intended to evoke a collective identity that is mediated through a specific set of aesthetics to a well-defined audience.

  • 36.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    The ambivalence of neighbourhood in urban Burkina Faso2015Inngår i: Anthropology Southern Africa, Vol. 38, nr 3-4, 331-343 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 37.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Erdman Vigh, Henrik
    University of Copenhagen.
    Introduction: The Dialectics of Displacement and Emplacement2016Inngår i: Conflict and Society, ISSN 2164-4551, Vol. 2, nr 1, 9-15 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Wars unsettle our commonsense understandings of movement and mobility. Simultaneously entropic and inertial, they conjure up images of rampant disorder and chaos as well as strained and crippled formations locked in negative tension. On the one hand, detrimental movement; on the other, deadly stalemate. Both mobility and immobility are, as such, associated with the iconography of warfare and confl icts. Th ey may be presented as out of time through pictures of empty streets, ruins, trenches, and dead bodies frozen in contorted positions, yet, conversely, some of the most archetypical images of war connote speed, fl ows, and movement, seen in images of troop advances or retreats, rows of traveling refugees, and hauls of humanitarian aid shipped or fl own into airports and harbors from afar. In temporal terms, confl ict and violence are oft en represented in the lethargy of decay or the entropy of aggression.

  • 38.
    Byerley, Andrew
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    Ambivalent inheritance: Jinja Town in search of a postcolonial refrain2011Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Jinja Town in Uganda, selected as one of five centres of growth in the post-WWII era of colonial developmentism, is perennially represented in the Ugandan media as the quintessential industrial town gone off-track. This is particularly evident for the case of the African housing estates built in Jinja in the 1950s where the dominant everyday rhythm is no longer dictated by the factory siren or the monthly wage but is instead a landscape scored by multiple rhythms. By conceptualising these estates as inherited machines – still loaded with a profusion of signs and objects from the era of the modern industrial ‘refrain’ – this paper seeks both to illustrate the colonial planning rationality and to examine contemporary processes of vernacular urbanism and contestations surrounding ‘re-occupations’ of the post-colonial city. It is argued that we need to seriously question any a priori invocation of a generic form of vernacular urbanism that is (or is not) to be prioritized over or ‘mixed’ with a Western planning cycle. Instead, the case study shows how historically mediated place specificities complicate the notion that the logics of place making can be unproblematically abstracted from.

  • 39.
    Byerley, Andrew
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    Compound space: a study of the architecture of labour control in the case of Walvis Bay2012Inngår i: Digest of Namibian Architecture, 34-37 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 40.
    Byerley, Andrew
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    Displacements in the name of (re)development: the contested rise and contested demise of colonial 'African' housing estates in Kampala and Jinja2013Inngår i: Planning Perspectives, ISSN 0266-5433, E-ISSN 1466-4518, Vol. 28Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines historical and contemporary processes of urban (re-)development and displacement in Uganda. Particular focus concerns the often conflicting strategies employed by urban managers and residents to plan, govern and live in both the late-colonial and early twenty-first century city. Both eras can be considered significant, even momentous, for the prominence of strategic projects of socio-spatial urban reconfiguration that incorporate(d) powerful discourses fusing land and housing development with societal progress and national development. The former project putatively centred on orchestrating African development and welfare, the latter on the more ambiguous project of re-development. The ‘Good City’ and the ‘Good Citizen’ are used as heuristic devices to examine the planning ideals and rationalities that inform(ed) these projects and the conflict of rationalities they provoke(d), particularly in terms of competing visions of the good city and good citizen. The paper emphasizes that current projects of redevelopmentalism do not take place in politically inert or historically benign space. Rather, it is shown how historical and place-based specificities articulate with and mediate the process of redevelopmentalism in Kampala and Jinja.

  • 41.
    Byerley, Andrew
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    Monumental politics in Namibia2011Inngår i: Annual Report : 2010: The rise of africa: miracle or mirage?, ISSN 1104-5256, Vol. 2010, 36-37 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 42.
    Byerley, Andrew
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    What is the good city?2013Inngår i: Annual Report : 2012: Development Dilemmas, ISSN 1104-5256, Vol. 2012, 13-15 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The development of industrial capitalism in Europe gave rise to conditions that motivated the rise of modern urban planning. In Africa, urban models for ordering society emerged in the late 1930s. Andrew Byerley looks at the laboratory of urban Africa.

  • 43.
    Byerley, Andrew
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    What is the good city?2013Inngår i: Annual Report : 2012: Development Dilemmas, ISSN 1104-5256, Vol. 2012, 13-15 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 44.
    Cadstedt, Jenny
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    Tenants' and owners' participation in rotating savings groups and help groups: A study of housing tenure forms and social inclusion in Mwanza city, Tanzania2012Inngår i: IDPR. International Development Planning Review, ISSN 1474-6743, E-ISSN 1478-3401, Vol. 34, nr 1, 19-37 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    International policy emphasises the importance of slum dwellers' rights of access to cities and their social inclusion. Legalisation of land holdings in informal settlements is one way of enacting this policy. However, this measure favours house owners over the large proportion of tenants renting rooms in private houses in informal settlements in many cities in the global South. Rental housing is neglected by many governments. What role does the form of house tenure play in other processes of social inclusion in informal settlements? This article examines one of many forms of social inclusion: participation of tenants and owners in rotating savings groups and help groups in two areas in Mwanza city, Tanzania. The results indicate that both tenants and owners participate in groups, which are based not only on the geographical area of residence but on work, ethnicity and religion. The study also indicates that not all groups accept tenants as members, because of their high mobility.

  • 45.
    Cheru, Fantu
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Globalization, Trade and Regional Integration.
    African scholars and western Africanists: a world apart2012Inngår i: Journal of Contemporary African Studies, Vol. 30, nr 2, 193-194 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Speach given at the opening session of the 4th European Conference on African Studies (ECAS4) 'African Engagements: On Whose terms?'. Uppsala, Sweden, 15 June 2011.

  • 46.
    Cheru, Fantu
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Globalization, Trade and Regional Integration.
    Chinese and Indian Engagement in Africa: Competitive or Mutually Reinforcing Strategies2011Inngår i: Journal of International Affairs, ISSN 0022-197X, Vol. 64, nr 2Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 47.
    Cheru, Fantu
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Globalization, Trade and Regional Integration.
    Democracy and People Power in Africa: still searching for the ‘political kingdom’2012Inngår i: Third World Quarterly, ISSN 0143-6597, E-ISSN 1360-2241, Vol. 33, nr 2, 265-291 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyses current trends in the struggle for democracy in Africa, including the role of social movements. Such movements found early expression in the anti-colonial movement, while recent uprisings in Tunisia and Egypt are reminiscent of the second liberation struggles of two decades earlier. The article undertakes a critical evaluation of emerging democratic forces in Africa, arguing that such a review is vital to the analysis of the trends in the struggles for people power, and explores strategies for avoiding the pitfalls that undermined earlier waves of democratisation in the continent, particularly that of the 1990s when initial euphoria led to uncritical acceptance of movements that were later found to be opportunistic and undemocratic. The article concludes by examining the conditions under which an ‘emanicipatory’ African national democratic project—defined by an increase in people's participation in authoritative resource allocation—can be initiated and sustained in the face of a deepening crisis of the current neoliberal world order.

  • 48.
    Cheru, Fantu
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Globalization, Trade and Regional Integration.
    India can unlock Africa’s potential2011Inngår i: Africa Quarterly, Vol. 50, nr 4, 57-57 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 49.
    Cheru, Fantu
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Globalization, Trade and Regional Integration.
    The dawn of an African century: - or another mirage?2011Inngår i: Annual Report : 2010: The rise of Africa: miracle or mirage?, ISSN 1104-5256, Vol. 2010, 6-8 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 50.
    Cheru, Fantu
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Globalization, Trade and Regional Integration.
    The urban challenge in Africa2009Inngår i: SPACE, Vol. 200902, nr 495, 92-99 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
12345 1 - 50 of 245
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