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  • 1.
    Adelman, Howard
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Suhrke, Astri
    The path of a genocide: the Rwanda crisis from Uganda to Zaire1999Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This collection of essays examines the decade (1986-97) that brackets the 1994 genocide in Rwanda, and is both a narrative of that event and a deep reexamination of the international role in ad-dressing humanitarian issues and complex emergencies. Nineteen donor countries and seventeen international organizations have pooled their efforts for an in-depth evaluation of the international response to the conflict in Rwanda.

  • 2.
    Adesida, Olugbenga
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Oteh, Arunma
    African voices, African visions2004Collection/Antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Does Africa have a future? What are the visions, hopes, ambitions and fears of young Africans for the future of the world, the continent, their nation, and their communities? How do they envisage this world and their roles within it?

    These issues have not previously been explored collectively by Africans because of the enormous challenges and the preoccupation with the present. But Africa must not allow the enormity of the problems to blind it to its past and future. Africa must chart its own vision of a desirable future and therefore young Africans, born just before or after independence, were challenged to reflect on the future of the continent. Many responded to the challenge, which has resulted in this volume containing a number of the contributions.

    In this book, the voices of a new generation of Africa are heard exploring the future from personal and diverse perspectives. The authors have enumerated the ills of Africa, analyzed the problems and explored the opportunities. Remarkably, despite the daunting nature of the challenges, they were all hopeful about the future. They provided their visions of the future, suggested numerous ideas on how to build a new Africa, and implored Africans to take responsibility for the transformation of the continent. Given the current emphasis on African renaissance and union, the ideas presented here could become the basis for a truly shared vision for the continent.

  • 3.
    Alfredsson, Henrik
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Sköld, MattiasNordiska Afrikainstitutet.Sävström, JohanNordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Shades of Africa: research on a changing continent2016Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 4.
    Andersson, Gun-Britt
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Kooperation i u-land: ett seminarium om Östafrika1966Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 5.
    Andersson, Marianne
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Studying Africa: a guide to the sources2014Collection/Antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 6.
    Andersson, Marianne
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Lund Moberg, ÅsaNordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Att studera Afrika: vägar till källorna2010Collection/Antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Att studera Afrika är en guide till Afrikastudier inom främst det samhällsvetenskapliga området. Både tryckta och internetbaserade informationskällor behandlas i denna nya, grundligt uppdaterade upplaga. Boken ger praktist vägledning till en rad hjälpmedel för litteratur- och faktasökning. Dessutom finns fylliga introduktioner till litteraturen inom ämnesområdena historia, politik och ekonomi. Boken vänder sig i första hand till studerande och forskare, men även lärare, journalister och bibliotekarier med flera har nytta av den.

  • 7.
    Andersson, Marianne
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Lund Moberg, ÅsaNordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Studying Africa: a guide to the sources2011Collection/Antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Studying Africa provides an introduction to the basic handbooks and standard works on contemporary Africa. It also offers guidance on searching for literature and facts wwithin the field of social sciences.

  • 8.
    Arnfred, Signe
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Re-thinking sexualities in Africa2004Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The volume brings together papers by African and Nordic/Scandinavian gender scholars and anthropologists, in attempts to investigate and critically discuss existing lines of thinking about sexuality in Africa, while at the same time creating space for alternative approaches. Issues of colonial and contemporary discourses on 'African sexuality' and on 'female genital mutilation' are being discussed, as well as issues of female agency and of feminists' engagement with HIV/AIDS. The volume contributes to contemporary efforts of re-thinking sexualities in the light of feminist, queer and postcolonial theory.

  • 9.
    Arnfred, Signe
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Adomako Ampofo, Akosua
    African feminist politics of knowledge: Tensions, challenges, possibilities2010Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    AFRICAN FEMINIST POLITICS OF KNOWLEDGE is a book that aims at exposing the dilemmas and conflicts that feminist researchers and practitioners living and working in the Global South have to deal with on a daily basis. The book attempts to disentangle some of the dilemmas, tensions, challenges and possibilities of feminist research and activism in the minefields of the cultures, practices and expectations of university bureaucracies, donor agencies and North-South collaboration. The authors, living and working in Nigeria, South Africa, Ghana and Mozambique, are all researchers. They theorise from their experiences as persons based in Africa, highlighting the dilemmas and conflicts posed by identities as academics and researchers on the one hand, and dependence on donor funding on the other.

  • 10.
    Axelsson Nycander, Gunnel
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Globalization, Trade and Regional Integration.
    Pengar i handen: sociala trygghetssystem som metod för att bekämpa fattigdom och hunger2011Collection/Antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Pengar i handen – barnbidrag, pensioner och andra kontanta stöd – minskar fattigdom och hunger effektivt. Det visar erfarenheter från en rad utvecklingsländer. Även små bidrag gör att människor kan äta mer och bättre, blir friskare och kan låta sina barn gå i skolan. Sveriges historia visar att sociala trygghetssystem krävs för att ge alla en dräglig levnadsnivå och en stabil samhällsutveckling. Ändå har det svenska biståndet inte stöttat utvecklingen av sådana system i fattiga länder. I denna antologi diskuterar 12 författare vilken roll sociala trygghetssystem kan spela i kampen mot hunger och fattigdom, och hur olika aktörer kan bidra.

  • 11. Bahru, Zewde
    et al.
    Pausewang, SiegfriedNordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Ethiopia: the challenge of democracy from below2002Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Constitutionally Ethiopia is a federal democratic state although in practice it is dominated by one political coalition. The opposition parties claim they have no chance of challenging the incumbent. The rural majority, as ever, feel controlled from above, unable to influence political decisions. Observers describe elections as manipulated and non-representative of the will of the people for whom the word "democracy" frequently appears to be synonymous with domination and coercion. Democracy is a concept reflecting European philosophies, struggles and concerns. Many Ethiopian ethnic groups have traditions which may offer more satisfactory and culturally acceptable foundations for a "sovereignty of the people" through time-honoured ways of voicing political ideas, ironic observations and vital interests. In line with modern urban life Ethiopians also organise and express their interests in non-governmental organisations, the independent press and advocacy groups representing political and social alternatives. The contributors to this book analyse the democratic potential of these movements and practices, their ability to give a voice to the view from below and their potential contribution to a more genuine participation by the majority of Ethiopians in democratic decision making and bringing the sovereignty of the people a step closer to reality.

  • 12.
    Baker, Jonathan
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Rural-urban dynamics in Francophone Africa1997Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This book present some examples of the richness and variety of contemporary reserch on rural-urban interactions by francophone researchers. Case studies are drawn from Burkina Faso, Côte d'Ivoire, Congo, Benin, Senegal and Togo.

  • 13.
    Baker, Jonathan
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Aina, Tade Akin
    The migration experience in Africa1995Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In this book different authors investigates the range of the migration experience in Africa. Because of the variety and complexity of the reasons which surround and underpin why African populations are so mobile, this volume adopts an eclectic approach which illustrates the diversity of theoretical positions, as well as methodological and analytical trends. Examples of the great breadth and richness of empirical insights into human migrations in the contemporary african context are also given.

  • 14.
    Basedau, Matthias
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Erdmann, GeroMehler, Andreas
    Votes, money and violence: political parties and elections in Sub-Saharan Africa2007Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Following the (re-)introduction of multiparty systems in Africa in the early 1990s, third and fourth elections in Africa's new democracies and hybrid regimes are now being seen. Although there is a large and growing literature on democracy and elections in Africa, parties and party systems have hitherto not been the focus of research, which may be surprising given their central role in a liberal democracy. The early works from the 1960s and 1970s provide neither a sound conceptual nor empirical basis. Research on political parties and party systems in Africa is still in its infancy. Various contributions in this volume address the theoretical and conceptual challenges provided by the African parties and party systems with their particular features of weak organisation, informal relationships dominated by 'big men' and clientelism within a neopatrimonial setting. Others raise the crucial question of representation in relation to ethnicity, civil society and gender, or look into the empirical relationship between party systems and democracy. Further chapters ask questions about the appropriate electoral system for the multiethnic context in Africa and deal with the problem of electoral system reform. Finally, there are chapters which focus on the neglected area of electoral violence, and the moral role of money and vote buying is scrutinized through a case study. An important conclusion is that party research in Africa needs more conceptual clarity as well as empirical research particularly on party organisation, voting behaviour, and the role of ethnicity.

  • 15.
    Bereketeab (ed.), Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Self-determination and secession in Africa: the post-colonial State2014Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 16.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    State Building and National Identity Reconstruction in the Horn of Africa2017Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 17.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Horn of Africa: Intra-State and Inter-State Conflicts and Security2013Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The Horn of Africa, comprising Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Sudan and Somalia, is the most conflict-ridden region in Africa. This book explores the origins and impact of these conflicts at both an intra-state and inter-state level and the insecurity they create. The contributors show how regional and international interventions have compounded pre-existing tensions and have been driven by competing national interests linked to Western intervention and acts of piracy off the coast of Somalia. This book outlines proposals for multidimensional mechanisms for conflict resolution in the region. Issues of border demarcation, democratic deficit, crises of nation and state building, and the roles of political actors and traditional authorities are all clearly analysed.

  • 18.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Mengisteab, Kidane
    Regional Integration, Identity and Citizenship in the Greater Horn of Africa2012Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The Greater Horn of Africa (GHA) is engulfed by three interrelated crises: various inter-state wars, civil wars, and inter-communal conflicts; an economic crisis manifested in widespread debilitating poverty, chronic food insecurity and famines; and environmental degradation that is ravaging the region. While it is apparent that the countries of the region are unlikely to be able to deal with the crises individually, there is consensus that their chances of doing so improve markedly with collective regional action. The contributors to this volume address the need for regional integration in the GHA. They identify those factors that can foster integration, such as the proper management of equitable citizenship rights, as well as examining those that impede it, including the region's largely ineffective integration scheme, IGAD, and explore how the former can be strengthened and the latter transformed; explain how regional integration can mitigate the conflicts; and examine how integration can help to energise the region's economy.

  • 19.
    Beyene, Atakilte
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Agrarian Change, Property and Resources.
    Agricultural water institutions in East Africa2015Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Climate change is causing growing variability and uncertainty in rainfall in Africa. Since the continent's food production systems are dominantly rain-fed, these changes are putting food security at even higher risk. In order to reduce this dependency, institutional reforms in the agricultural water sectors have become a priority in research and policy.

    In this report, Atakilte Beyene, senior researcher at the Nordic Africa Institute, together with twelve researchers based in Africa, studies current agricultural water reforms in Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, and other East African countries. The report consists of four case studies and an introductory section. The first case study evaluates the performance of community participation in water resources governance in the Mount Kenya Region. It uncovers the implication of a ban on traditional institutions on water security at a catchment level. The second case analyses the prospects of introducing pro-poor water schemes in conditions where climate change and water inequality are already challenges. It identifies incentive mechanisms that enhance more efficient distribution and utilization of water resources. The third case examines impacts of competitive and intensive farming strategies, especially irrigation schemes, on water demands. The final case study explores how advances in information and communication technologies improve water-use management systems across organizational and geographic scales.

  • 20.
    Bigsten, Arne
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Kebede, BereketShimeles, Abebe
    Poverty, income distribution and labour markets in Ethiopia2005Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Ethiopia is one of the poorest countries in the world with a per capita income of just over US$100. Understanding the causes of the country's widespread poverty is of the utmost importance. Until recently, however, very little household data was available. This study deals with the many aspects of poverty and income distribution in Ethiopia. It analyses the determinants of poverty and how its conditions have changed in both rural and urban areas over time. Rural and urban poverty profiles and the dynamics of poverty are examined, measurements taken of consumption poverty are compared with individual perceptions of poverty, and an analysis is made of the distribution of intra-household expenditure and the dynamics of income distribution. In addition, the functioning of the urban labour market returns to education, and the effects of education on household welfare are investigated. Finally, there is extensive discussion of the wide range of policies that need to be coordinated for poverty reduction in Ethiopia.

  • 21. Boesen, Jannik
    et al.
    Havnevik, KjellNordiska Afrikainstitutet.Koponen, JuhaniNordiska Afrikainstitutet.Odgaard, Rie
    Tanzania: crisis and struggle for survival1986Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This is one of the first comprehensive books on the crisis of the Tanzanian economy and society during the 1980s, including the manifestations of the problems and the responses to them at different levels. It frankly examines the long-term causes of the crisis and endeavours to map ways ahead.

  • 22.
    Broch-Due, Vigdis
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Schroeder, Richard A.
    Producing nature and poverty in Africa2000Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Development donors have supported thousands of environmental initiatives in Africa over the past quarter century. The contributors to this provocative new collection of essays assess these projects and conclude that environmental programmes constitute one of the major forms of foreign and state intervention in contemporary African affairs. Drawing on case study material from eight countries, the authors demonstrate clearly that environmental programmes themselves often have direct and far-reaching consequences for the distribution of wealth and poverty on the continent.

    Individual essays in the collection theorise specific forms of environmental intervention; the degree of historical discontinuity that exists between contemporary and past environmental policies and practices; the effect environmental programmes have had on localised systems of knowledge and value regimes; the strategies of accumulation that have been spun out of heavy donor and state investment in environmental programmes; and the numerous social, cultural and political-economic dislocations these initiatives have produced in African environments all across the continent.

  • 23.
    Buur, Lars
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Jensen, SteffenStepputat, Finn
    The security-development nexus: expressions of sovereignty and securitization in Southern Africa2007Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The link between security and development has been rediscovered after 9/11 by a broad range of scholars. Focusing on Southern Africa, the Security-Development Nexus shows that the much debated linkage is by no means a recent invention. Rather, the security/development linkage has been an important element of the state policies of colonial as well as post-colonial regimes during the Cold War, and it seems to be prospering in new configurations under the present wave of democratic transitions. Contributors focus on a variety of contexts from South Africa, Mozambique and Namibia, to Zimbabwe and Democratic Congo; they explore the nexus and our understanding of security and development through the prism of peace-keeping interventions, community policing, human rights, gender, land contests, squatters, nation and state-building, social movements, DDR programmes and the different trajectories democratization has taken in different parts of the region.

  • 24.
    Campbell, Bonnie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Mining in Africa: regulation and development2009Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The continent of Africa is rich in minerals needed by Western economies. Yet the mining industry contributes very little to African development.

    Investigating the impact of the 2003 Extractive Industries Review on a number of African countries, the contributors find that a key dimension of the problem lies in the regulatory frameworks imposed on African countries by the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank. They aim to convince academics, governments, and industry that regulation needs to be reformed to create a mining industry favourable to social and economic development and environmental protection.

    The book takes a multidisciplinary approach and provides an historical perspective of each country, making it ideal for students of development studies.

    CONTENT

    Acknowledgements

    Introduction - Bonnie Campbell

    Chapter 1. Mining in Ghana: Implications for National Economic Development and Poverty Reduction – Thomas Akabzaa

    Chapter 2. Guinea and Bauxite-Aluminum: The Challenges of Development and Poverty Reduction – Bonnie Campbell

    Chapter 3. Mining, Poverty Reduction, the Protection of the Environment and the Role of the World Bank Group in Mali – Gisèle Belem

    Chapter 4. Mining and Protection of the Environment in Madagascar – Bruno Sarrasin

    Chapter 5. Governance, Human Rights and Mining in the Democratic Republic of the Congo – Marie Mazalto

    Chapter 6. Conclusion: What Development Model? What Government Agenda? – Bonnie Campbell

    Index

  • 25.
    Carlsson, Jerker
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Somolekae, Gloria M.Van de Walle, Nicolas
    Foreign aid in Africa: learning from country experiences1997Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This volume reports on the findings of an international research project on aid effectiveness in Africa. Field studies was conducted in Botswana, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Kenya, Senegal, Tanzania and Zambia and the findings show that Africa's economic crisis has had a devastating effect on aid effectiveness and that too often donors dominate aid decisions, leaving governments without any sense of ownership over their own development efforts. The conclusion is that aid to Africa will have to develop more effective public institutions that fully take charge of the development process.

  • 26.
    Cervenka, Zdenek
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Vit makt i Zimbabwe: en rasistregim i södra Afrika1974Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Fem författare skriver om Rhodesia:

    • bakgrunden till Rhodesia-krisen
    • betydelsen av sanktioner mot Smith-regimen
    • sanktionernas inverkan på Rhodesias ekonomi
    • den vita oppositionen i Rhodesia
    • konfrontationen mellan Rhodesia och Zambia
  • 27.
    Cheru, Fantu
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, African International Links.
    Modi, Renu
    Agricultural Development and Food Security in Africa: The Impact of Chinese, Indian and Brazilian Investments2013Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The subject of food security and land issues in Africa has become one of increased importance and contention over recent years. In particular, the focus has shifted to the role new Global South donors - in particular India, China and Brazil - are playing in shaping African agriculture through their increased involvement and investment in the continent. Approaching the topic through the framework of South-South co-operation (SSC), this highly original volume presents a critical analysis of the ways in which Chinese, Indian and Brazilian engagements in African agriculture are structured and implemented. Do these investments have the potential to create new opportunities to improve local living standards, transfer new technology and knowhow to African producers, and reverse the persistent productivity decline in African agriculture? Or will they simply aggravate the problem of food insecurity by accelerating the process of land alienation and displacement of local people from their land? Topical and comprehensive, ‘Agricultural Development and Food Security in Africa’ offers fresh insight into a set of relationships that will shape both Africa and the world over the coming decades.

  • 28.
    Cheru, Fantu
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Globalization, Trade and Regional Integration.
    Obi, CyrilNordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Rise of China and India in Africa: Challenges, Opportunities and Critical Interventions2010Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, China and India have become the most important economic partners of Africa and their footprints are growing by leaps and bounds, transforming Africa's international relations in a dramatic way. Although the overall impact of China and India's engagement in Africa has been positive in the short-term, partly as a result of higher returns from commodity exports fuelled by excessive demands from both countries, little research exists on the actual impact of China and India's growing involvement on Africa's economic transformation. This book examines in detail the opportunities and challenges posed by the increasing presence of China and India in Africa, and proposes critical interventions that African governments must undertake in order to negotiate with China and India from a stronger and more informed platform.

  • 29.
    Christiansen, Catrine
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Utas, MatsNordiska Afrikainstitutet.Vigh, Henrik E.
    Navigating youth, generating adulthood: social becoming in an African context2006Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This book focuses on the lives and experiences of young people in Africa. On agents who, willingly or unwillingly, see themselves as belonging to the socio-generational category of youth and the ways in which they seek to shape and unfold their lives in a positive manner. Rather than seeing youth as either a social or cultural entity in itself, or as a predefined life-stage, the book argues for an exploration of how youth position themselves and are positioned within generational categories. In studying young people, social scientists must conceptualise youth as both social being and social becoming; a position in movement. It is from the duality of being positioned and seeking one's own socio-generational position that this book engages in the debate on contemporary African youth.

  • 30.
    Cockrill, W. Ross
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    The camelid: an all-purpose animal. Vol. 2, Bibliography1985Collection/Antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    A bibliography on camelids.

  • 31. Cornelissen, Scarlett
    et al.
    Cheru, FantuNordiska Afrikainstitutet, Globalization, Trade and Regional Integration.Shaw, Timothy M.
    Africa and International Relations in the 21st Century2012Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    At the start of the second decade of the 21st Century, Africa is viewed in a much more positive light by analysts, investors, observers and policymakers. China’s recent closer involvement with the continent has set the tone for new forms of engagement between Africa and the rest of the world. The authors discuss the implications for Africa’s future trajectories and how to understand the continent’s position in the international system. Furthermore, they demonstrate how the study of shifts in Africa’s international relations can help explain broader dynamics and the changing foundations of world order.

  • 32.
    De Coning, Cedric
    et al.
    NUPI.
    Gelot, LinnéaNordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit. Göteborgs universitet.Karlsrud, JohnNUPI.
    The future of African peace operations: from the Janjaweed to Boko Haram2016Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Facing threats ranging from Islamist insurgences to the Ebola pandemic, African regional actors are playing an increasingly vital role in safeguarding peace and stability across the continent. But while the African Union has demonstrated its ability to deploy forces on short notice and in difficult circumstances, the challenges posed by increasingly complex conflict zones have revealed a widening divide between the theory and practice of peacekeeping. With the AU ’s African Standby Force becoming fully operational in 2016, this timely and much-needed work argues that responding to these challenges will require a new and distinctively African model of peacekeeping, as well as a radical revision of the current African security framework.

    The first book to provide a comprehensive overview and analysis of African peace operations, The Future of African Peace Operations gives a long overdue assessment of the ways which peacekeeping on the continent has evolved overthe past decade. It will be a vital resource for policy makers, researchers and all those seeking solutions and insights into the immense security challenges which Africa is facing today.

  • 33.
    Dias, Clarence J.
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Luckham, R.Lynch, D. O.Paul, J. C. N.
    Lawyers in the Third World: comparative and developmental perspectives1981Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The underlying reason for this book is a concern about the social impact of legal professions on "development" and "underdevelopment" and on the capacity of the mass of people in the countries studied (who are poor by any standards) to use law to better their social condition.

    Part of the book is a collection of empirical and historical studies of lawyers in various Third World countries. These studies offer data and insights of value to legal and other scholars of the countries and regions examined; material for historians of colonial societies; contributions to theories of professionalism and the sociology of occupational groups, evidence to support theories which link characteristics of legal professions with characteristics of the political economy within which they exist.

    An overview essay discusses different paradigms which have influenced thinking about development and the significance of lawyers in it, and different approaches which may affect the study and evaluation of legal professions. The country studies come next. The concluding chapters set out some generalizations about social factors which have influenced the history and character of Third World professions and the social impact of professions, notably on the rural poor. Generally, the case studies suggest that legal professions contribute to the kind of highly skewed distribution of wealth and power now characteristic of many Third World polities. A final chapter explores the implications of these findings for alternative approaches to development.

  • 34. Dietz, Dietz, Antonius Johannes
    et al.
    Havnevik, KjellNordiska Afrikainstitutet, Agrarian Change, Property and Resources.Kaag, MaykeOestigaard, TerjeNordiska Afrikainstitutet, Agrarian Change, Property and Resources.
    African Engagements: Africa Negotiating an Emerging Multipolar World2011Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    With the end of the Cold War, the world seemed to move from a bipolar to a unipolar system, with the neoliberal West globally imposing its laws. However, it has been acknowledged that other actors, such as China, India and Brazil, have become increasingly influential, helping to lead to a new multipolarity at the global level. The question of what this emerging multipolarity means for Africa is important. Will Africa become crushed in a mounting struggle over raw materials and political hegemony between superpowers and fall victim to a new scramble for Africa? Or does this new historic juncture offer African countries and groups greater room for negotiation and manoeuvring, eventually leading to stronger democracy and enhanced growth? The chapters in this volume offer food for thought on how Africa’s engagements with the world are currently being reshaped and revalued, and, importantly—on whose terms?

  • 35.
    Englund, Harri
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    A democracy of chameleons: politics and culture in the New Malawi2002Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    After thirty years of autocratic rule under ”Life President” Kamuzu Banda, Malawians experienced a transition to multiparty democracy in 1994. A new constitution and several democratic institutions promised a new dawn in a country ravaged by poverty and injustice.

    This book presents original research on the economic, social, political and cultural consequences of the new era. The book engages with a culture of politics in order to expand the purview of critical analysis from the elite to the populace in its full diversity. A new generation of scholars, most of them from Malawi, cover virtually every issue causing debate in the New Malawi: poverty and hunger, the plight of civil servants, the role of the judiciary, political intolerance and hate speech, popular music as a form of protest, clergy activism, voluntary associations and ethnic revival, responses to the HIV/AIDS pandemic, and controversies over women’s rights. Both chameleon-like leaders and the donors of Malawi’s foreign aid come under critical scrutiny for supporting superficial democratization.

    The book ends with a rare public statement on the New Malawi by Jack Mapanje, Malawi’s internationally acclaimed writer. Dismayed at the continuation of an ”oral culture of dictatorship”, Mapanje urges Malawians to confront their past in order to have a future that is free from fear and intolerance.Anyone interested in politics and culture in sub-Saharan Africa will find this book an important source of insight and detailed analysis for a comparative understanding of Africa’s democratization.

  • 36.
    Eriksen, Tore Linné
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Norway and national liberation in Southern Africa2000Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This book documents and analyses the involvement of Norway in the liberation struggle in Southern Africa. Apart from focussing on the formulation of official policies and the extensive cooperation with the liberation movements in the field of humanitarian assistance, mainly based on the Ministry of Foreign Affairs records, the study highlights the popular involvement and commitment to the struggle. Separate chapters are concerned with the churches, trade unions and solidarity movements, such as the Norwegian Council for Southern Africa and the Namibia Committee. The book also includes a case study on the battle for sanctions.The Study forms part of the Nordic Africa Institute's research and documentation project "National Liberation in Southern Africa: The Role of the Nordic Countries".

  • 37.
    Eriksson Baaz, Maria
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Utas, MatsNordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Beyond ”Gender and Stir”: Reflections on gender and SSR in the aftermath of African conflicts2012Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    As a policy field largely characterised by handbooks and manuals, gender and Security Sector Reform (SSR) has been insufficiently studied and analysed. Analytical discussion of what gendering SSRmeans is quite rare, as is the study of the already gendered nature of the security institutions that are the subject of intervention. This policy dialogue unpacks aspects of the discourses and practices regarding gender and SSR. It highlights limitations and problems both in the conceptualisation of gender and its incorporation into practical SSR work. The publication also demonstrates how researchers and policymakers often have divergent views of what gendering SSR means. Finally, it calls for closer and more constructive dialogue between researchers and practitioners, a dialogue which acknowledges the conditions and constraints in these two spheres of work.

  • 38.
    Eriksson, Mikael
    et al.
    Totalförsvarets forskningsinstitut.
    Lindberg, EmyNordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.Utas, MatsNordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Illicit Flows and African Security2014Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 39.
    Fold, Niels
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Nylandsted Larsen, Marianne
    Globalization and restructuring of African commodity flows2008Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    African countries have been incorporated into present processes of economic globalization in a more nuanced way than is usually claimed. Obviously, structural changes and economic growth have not been on the scale seen in other developing country regions, Southeast Asia in particular. However, the increasing global interaction between functionally integrated foci of production and services has also affected Africa in ways that are changing the material foundations of economic and social life on the continent. These processes are not uniform throughout Africa, but affect local, national and regional actors and institutions in diverse and complex ways. In short, globalization in Africa is an uneven process, integrating or re-integrating some localities and communities in global flows of goods, finance and information, while marginalizing or excluding others.

    The aim of this book is to grasp the diversity of these globalization processes in a systematic way by adopting a common analytical framework, the Global Value Chain approach. Commodity-specific data in two or more countries are taken as a point of departure and the variations and similarities in linkages between local, national, regional and global chain segments are examined. The book is based on original quantitative and qualitative data, collected during fieldwork by the authors.

  • 40.
    Gelot, Linnea
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Eriksson, Mikael
    The African Union in Light of the Arab Revolts: An appraisal of the foreign policy and security objectives of South Africa, Ethiopia and Algeria2013Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The fall of authoritarian regimes in Tunisia, Egypt and Libya has changed political dynamics on the African continent. One immediate concern has been the implications of these developments for the African Union (AU) and its member states. Would overall political dynamics in the AU be changed? Would the most powerful member states use the altered circumstances to enhance their influence on AU policies andframeworks? What would the impact be for the AU's overall authority? In this Discussion Paper series, three edited papers are presented that tackle AU political and institutional dynamics in light of the Arab revolts. A particular puzzle addressed is the current postures of South Africa,Ethiopia and Algeria within the AU. A separate analysis of Nigeria's role was published earlier in the NAI-FOI Lecture Series on African Security.

    The work in this discussion series reflects the longstanding collaboration between the Swedish Defence Research Agency's Project Studies in African Security and the Nordic Africa Institute to build Africa-related research capacity on peace and security.

  • 41.
    Ghai, Yash P.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Law in the political economy of public enterprise: African perspectives1977Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 42.
    Gibbon, Peter
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Liberalised development in Tanzania: studies on accumulation processes and local institutions1995Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 43.
    Gibbon, Peter
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Markets, civil society and democracy in Kenya1995Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The studies in this volume provide extended empirical analysis of some of the issues at the heart of current social and political changes and divisions: the outcome on the ground of the long fought-over cereals reforms, the changing nature of the local development arena in the multi-party era, and the polarised relation of the churches to political liberalisation.

  • 44.
    Gibbon, Peter
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Social change and economic reform in Africa1993Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The African-based authors of this volume provide a series of objective, detailed, factually up-to-date, and theoretically informed studies of reent developments in agriculture, the informal sector, the social sector and 'civil society' in Kenya, Lesotho, Tanzania and Zimbabwe. They analyse the main trends and forces operating in these fields and consider the economic reform programme's impact against this background.

  • 45.
    Gibbon, Peter
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Structural Adjustment and the Working Poor in Zimbabwe1995Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 46.
    Gísli, Pálsson
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    From water to world-making: African models and arid lands1990Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The articles in this book attempt to illuminate the complex interactions between ecology and society in arid lands and the range of representations developed by africans - be they pastoralists, fishermen or farmers.

  • 47.
    Hammar, Amanda
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Displacement Economies in Africa: Paradoxes of Crisis and Creativity2014Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Large-scale displacement - whether caused by war, state-related political or development projects, different forms of political violence, structural crisis, or even natural disasters - evokes many stereotyped assumptions about those forcibly displaced or emplaced. At the same time there is a problematic lack of attention paid to the diversity of actors, strategies and practices that reshape the world in the face (and chronic aftermath) of dramatic moments of violent dislocation. In this highly original volume, based on empirical case studies from across sub-Saharan Africa, the authors reveal the paradoxical effects, both intended and unexpected, that displacement produces, and that manifest themselves in displacement economies.

  • 48.
    Haram, Liv
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Yamba, C. Bawa
    Dealing with uncertainty in contemporary African lives2009Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The articles in ‘Dealing with Uncertainty in Contemporary African Lives’ are based largely on work in Tanzania which has been spared much of the turmoil that elsewhere has uprooted populations and destroyed communities. Nevertheless they illuminate phenomena common throughout sub-Saharan Africa as modernity in its many guises undercuts old certainties, outmodes established knowledge of how to order life and deal with crises, introduces new hazards, and frustrates ambition and expectations. But as the editors, Haram and Yamba, point out, uncertainty and insecurity have a positive side, providing the basis for ‘curiosity and exploration’. The case studies demonstrate both the increasing uncertainty and insecurity of life in contemporary Africa and the ways that people respond, including warding off and reaching out. Scapegoats are sought. Witch beliefs become elaborated as explanations of failures and malaise while witchfinding becomes a lucrative profession. Pentecostal or other fundamentalist churches burgeon as they assure people that life has meaning and better times are before them if only they believe. Suicide and insanity are other possible responses. All in all, a thought-provoking volume. Elizabeth Colson, Professor Emeritus, University of California, Berkeley

  • 49.
    Havnevik, Kjell
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Agrarian Change, Property and Resources.
    Isinika, Aida C.
    Tanzania in transition: From Nyerere to Mkapa2010Collection/Antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    This book is the first comprehensive contribution to understanding the character of important societal transitions in Tanzania during Benjamin Mkapa's presidency (1995 - 2005). The analyses of the trajectory of these transitions are conducted against the background of the development model of Tanzanian's first president, Julius Nyerere (1961 - 1985), a model with lasting influence on the country. This approach enables an understanding of continuities and discontinuities in Tanzania over time in areas such as development strategy an ideology, agrarian-land, gender and forestry issues, economic liberalization, development assistance, corruption and political change.

    The period of Mkapa's presidency is particularly important because it represents the first phase of Tanzania's multi-party political system. Mkapa's government initially faced a gloomy economic situation. Although Mkapa's crusade against corruption lost direction, his presidency was characterised by relatively high growth rates and a stable macro-economy. Rural and agrarian transitions were dominated by diversification rather than productivity growth and transformation. Rural attitudes in favour of land markets emerged only slowly but formal land disputes showed more respect for women's rights. Some space emerged for widening local participation in forest management, but rural dynamics was mainly found in trading settlements feeding on economic liberalization and artisanal mining.

    The transitions documented and analysed of Mkapa's presidency, however, indicate only limited transformational change. Rural poverty is therefore likely to remain deep and the sustainability of economic development to be at risk in the future. Mkapa was, however, able to protect the legacy of peace and political stability of Nyerere, but there were nevertheless important challenges to the first multiparty elections and governance, and particularly in Zanzibar. The post- script (covering 2005 2010), indicates that the incumbent president, Jakaya Kikwete, has yet to prove that he can change this legacy of Mkapa.

    The contributions to the eleven chapters of this book are evenly shared between Tanzanian, Nordic and other European researchers with a long-term commitment to Tanzanian development research. The book is dedicated to the youth of Tanzania.

    

  • 50.
    Havnevik, Kjell
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Agrarian Change, Property and Resources.
    Matondi, Prosper B.Beyene, Atakilte
    Biofuels, Land Grabbing and Food Security in Africa2011Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Energy crisis and climate change have generated global demands for alternative non-fossil fuel sources. This has led to a rapid increase of investments in production of liquid biofuels based on agricultural feed stocks such as sugar cane. Most African governments see biofuels as a potential for increasing agricultural productivity and export incomes and thus strengthening their national economies, improving energy balances and rural employment. At the same time climate change may be addressed through reduction of green house gas emissions.

    There are, however, a number of uncertainties mounting that challenge this scenario. Using in-depth African case studies this book addresses this knowledge gap by examining the impacts of large-scale biofuel production on African agriculture in regard to vital land outsourcing and food security issues. The surge for African biofuels has also opened space for private investors both domestic and external to multiply and network 'independently' of the state. The biofuel expansion thus generates new economic alliances and production relations, resulting in new forms of inclusions and exclusions within the rural population.

    An essential book for anyone wishing to understand the startling impact of biofuels and land outsourcing on Africa.

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