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  • 151.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    State Crisis, Conflicts and International Intervention in the Horn of Africa2013Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 152.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    State-building, Conflict and Global War in the Horn of Africa2013Inngår i: Bondage of Boundaries and Identity Politics in Postcolonial Africa: The 'Northern Problem' and Ethno-Futures / [ed] Sabelo J. Ndlovu-Gatsheni & Brilliant Mhlanga, Pretoria: Africa Institute of South Africa (AISA), 2013, 61-78 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 153.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    State-Building in Post-Liberation Eritrea: Challenges, Achievements and Potentials2009 (oppl. first)Bok (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 154.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    State-Building Project of Peace Building in the Horn of Africa2008Inngår i: Post Conflict Peace-Building in the Horn of Africa / [ed] Ulf Johansson Dahre, Lund: Lund University , 2008, first, 37-53 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 155.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Supra-Ethnic Nationalism: The case of Eritrea2002Inngår i: African Sociological Review, ISSN 1027-4332, Vol. 6, nr 2, 137-152 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 156.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Challenges of Reconstitution of National Identiy in the Sudanes2012Konferanseproceedings (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 157.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Challenges of Regional Integration in the Horn of Africa2014Inngår i: Journal of US-China Public Administration, ISSN 1548-6591, E-ISSN 1935-9691, Vol. 11, nr 5, 401-414 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 158.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Collapse of IFAD Peace Mediation in the Current South Sudan Civil War: When National Interest Dicatates  Peace Mediation2017Inngår i: Vol. 4, nr 1&2, 147-164 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 159.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Complex Roots of the Second Eritrea-Ethiopia War: Re-examining the Causes2010Inngår i: African Journal of International Affairs, Vol. 13, nr 1&2, 15-59 s.Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 160.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Eritrea-Ethiopia Conflict and the Algiers Agreement: Eritrea's road to isolation2009Inngår i: Eritrea's External Relations: Understanding its regional role and foreign policy / [ed] Richard Reid, London: Chatham House , 2009, 1, 98-130 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 161.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Eritrean Diaspora: Myth and Reality2007Inngår i: The Role of Diasporas in Peace, Democracy and Development in the Horn of Africa / [ed] Ulf Johansson, Lund: Lund University , 2007, firstKapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 162.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Ethnic and Civic Basis of Citizenship in the Horn of Africa2009Inngår i: Faith, Citizenship, Democracy and Peace in the Horn of Africa / [ed] Sthlm Policy Group, Lund: Lund University , 2009, first, 131-148 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 163.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Ethnic and Civic Foundations of Citizenship and Identity in the Horn of Africa2011Inngår i: Studies in Ethnicity and Nationalism, ISSN 1473-8481, E-ISSN 1754-9469, Studies in Ethnicity and Nationalism, Vol. 11, nr 1, 63-81 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 164.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The hopes and worries of a newborn state2012Inngår i: Annual Report : 2011: Africa's changing societies: reform from below, ISSN 1104-5256, 8-9 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 165.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Horn of Africa: Intra-State and Inter-State Conflicts and Security2013 (oppl. 1)Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 166.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Horn of Africa: Intra-State and Inter-State Conflicts and Security2013Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The Horn of Africa, comprising Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Sudan and Somalia, is the most conflict-ridden region in Africa. This book explores the origins and impact of these conflicts at both an intra-state and inter-state level and the insecurity they create. The contributors show how regional and international interventions have compounded pre-existing tensions and have been driven by competing national interests linked to Western intervention and acts of piracy off the coast of Somalia. This book outlines proposals for multidimensional mechanisms for conflict resolution in the region. Issues of border demarcation, democratic deficit, crises of nation and state building, and the roles of political actors and traditional authorities are all clearly analysed.

  • 167.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    The Interplay between National, Regional and International Dynamics in the Production of Conflicts in the Horn of Africa2016Inngår i: Journal of Oromo studies, ISSN 1070-2202, Vol. 22, nr 1, 53-73 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 168.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Morality of the U.N. Security Council Sanctions agaist Eritrea: Defensibility, Political Objectives, and Consequences2013Inngår i: African Studies Review, ISSN 0002-0206, E-ISSN 1555-2462, Vol. 56, nr 2, 145--161 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 169.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Politics of Language in Eritrea: Equality of languages vs. bilingual official language policy2010Inngår i: Journal of Asian and African Studies, ISSN 0021-9096, E-ISSN 1745-2538, African and Asian Studies, Vol. 9, nr 1-2, 149-190 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The article analyzes the discourse of politics of language in Eritrea. It argues that the language debate in Eritrea over equality of languages and bilingual official langauge policy is more about power relations than about language per se. It relates to politics of identity that derives from the construction of two identity formations as understood by political elites. Equality of languages is based on ethnic identity, whereas official language is based on the construction of supra-ethnic civic identity. According to the constructivist bilingual official language Arabic and Tigrinya are supposed to represent two different socio-cultural identity formation, notably, Islam-Arabic  and Christian-Tigrinya. Consequently, the official language policy debate could be construed to derive from politics of power relation where two groups of elites supposedly representing the two identity formations are engaged in power competition reflecting real or imaginary socio-cultural cleavage of respective identity. In this sense the bilingual official language is designed to create social equilibrium wherein it is supposed that power would equitably distributed between two rival elite groups.

  • 170.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    The Role of the International Community in the Eritrean Refugee Crisis2017Inngår i: Geopolitics, History, and International Relations, ISSN 1948-9145, Vol. 9, nr 1, 68-82 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the role of the international community in the Eritrean refugee crisis. It critically analyses the international community's, as represented by UN, AU, EU and US, failure to fulfill its obligation. The UN, OAU, EU and US were witnesses and guarantors of the Algiers Agreement. As such, they assumed responsibility of making sure of the implementation of the Ethiopia-Eritrea Border Commission Verdict. The Algiers Agreement empowered the guarantors to invoke UN Chapter VII, if one or both of the parties violates its commitment. Fourteen years later the EEBC Verdict is awaiting implementation with immense consequence to Eritrea. Deriving from text analysis and drawing on previous research I argue in this article that the international community by failing to fulfill its legal obligation contributed to the current Eritrean refugee crisis. It is the contention of this article only the unconditional implementation of the boundary commission that brings peace and stability to the region that would stem the flow of the refugees.

  • 171.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    When Success Becomes a Liability: Challenges of State Buidling in Eritrea (1991-2005)2007Inngår i: African and Asian Studies, Vol. 6, nr 4, 395-430 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 172.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Why South Sudan conflict is proving intractable: Ugandan forces and lack of international commitment two reasons2015Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In December 2013 war broke out in South Sudan as a result of the power struggle between President Salva Kiir and the ex-vice president Riek Machar. Violence from both sides led to massacres and millions of displaced persons. Agreements to end hostilities have so far been violated. A sustainable peace calls for Ugandan forces to leave South Sudan. The political parties have to reform and be a part of national reconciliation instead of fighting one another.

  • 173.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Mengisteab, Kidane
    Regional Integration, Identity and Citizenship in the Greater Horn of Africa2012Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The Greater Horn of Africa (GHA) is engulfed by three interrelated crises: various inter-state wars, civil wars, and inter-communal conflicts; an economic crisis manifested in widespread debilitating poverty, chronic food insecurity and famines; and environmental degradation that is ravaging the region. While it is apparent that the countries of the region are unlikely to be able to deal with the crises individually, there is consensus that their chances of doing so improve markedly with collective regional action. The contributors to this volume address the need for regional integration in the GHA. They identify those factors that can foster integration, such as the proper management of equitable citizenship rights, as well as examining those that impede it, including the region's largely ineffective integration scheme, IGAD, and explore how the former can be strengthened and the latter transformed; explain how regional integration can mitigate the conflicts; and examine how integration can help to energise the region's economy.

  • 174.
    Berg, Bengt Åke
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Ekström, Tord
    Afrikas industrialisering1966Bok (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 175.
    Berger, Amelie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Twice humanity: implications for local and global resource use1998Konferanseproceedings (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This book is the result of the conference "Twice Humanity - Implications for local and global resource use", and consists of select papers which all contribute to the discussion of sustainable development in relation to the growing population and the unbalanced use of resources which will limit our future way of life.

  • 176.
    Berglund, Brita
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Gambia1975 (oppl. 3)Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 177.
    Beshir, Mohamed Omer
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Diversity regionalism and national unity1979Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This research report is concerned with the irrelation between cultural diversity and continental and national unity.

  • 178.
    Bey, Maissa
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Malmström, Monica
    After independence2010Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Maïssa Bey discusses her new novel 'Bleu Blanc Vert', about time after the Algerian independence struggle with translator Monica Malmström.

  • 179.
    Beyene, Atakilte
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Agrarian Change, Property and Resources.
    Agricultural water institutions in East Africa2015Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Climate change is causing growing variability and uncertainty in rainfall in Africa. Since the continent's food production systems are dominantly rain-fed, these changes are putting food security at even higher risk. In order to reduce this dependency, institutional reforms in the agricultural water sectors have become a priority in research and policy.

    In this report, Atakilte Beyene, senior researcher at the Nordic Africa Institute, together with twelve researchers based in Africa, studies current agricultural water reforms in Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, and other East African countries. The report consists of four case studies and an introductory section. The first case study evaluates the performance of community participation in water resources governance in the Mount Kenya Region. It uncovers the implication of a ban on traditional institutions on water security at a catchment level. The second case analyses the prospects of introducing pro-poor water schemes in conditions where climate change and water inequality are already challenges. It identifies incentive mechanisms that enhance more efficient distribution and utilization of water resources. The third case examines impacts of competitive and intensive farming strategies, especially irrigation schemes, on water demands. The final case study explores how advances in information and communication technologies improve water-use management systems across organizational and geographic scales.

  • 180.
    Beyene, Atakilte
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Agrarian Change, Property and Resources.
    Costly not to consider local resistance: Advice on agricultural investments in Africa2013Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Failures in considering and properly addressing local resistance have become costly for both the local people and the investors. Land acquisition policies need to be accompanied by mechanisms that address local grievances and conflicts. These aspects are crucial not only to alleviate unjust practices, but also to enhance confidence of investors and performance of the investments.

  • 181.
    Beyene, Atakilte
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Agrarian Change, Property and Resources.
    Large-scale land acquisitions in Tanzania and Ethiopia: a comparative perspective2015Inngår i: Looking back, looking ahead: land, agriculture and society in East Africa : a festschrift for Kjell Havnevik / [ed] Michael Ståhl, Uppsala: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, 2015, 170-181 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 182.
    Beyene, Atakilte
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Agrarian Change, Property and Resources.
    Small farms under stress play a huge role for Africa: smallholder agriculture and emerging global challenges2014Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Widespread poverty as well as food and income insecurity plague Africa’s dominant smallholder agriculture. Paradoxically, the very people who mainly depend on agriculture are not able to secure their own food and nutrition needs. Today, three-quarters of Africa’s malnourished children and the majority of people living in absolute poverty are found among the smallholder farmers who are key to the development of the continent.

  • 183.
    Beyene, Atakilte
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Adetula, Victor
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Ethiopia in the United Nations Security Council 2017-20182017Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Enforce the ‘African solutions to African problems’ principle in the UN and promote cooperation with the African Union and its regional communities. That is what Ethiopia should work for during its two-year term in the Security Council. To perform on this global stage, the Ethiopian government has to address its domestic democracy and governance issues.

  • 184.
    Beyene, Michael
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Investing in Acacia Senegal - lessons from the Sudanese experience to Eritrea1993Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 185.
    Bgoya, Walter
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Åkesson, Birgit
    Mask of the spring water2010Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    The choreographer Birgit Åkesson wrote a groundbreaking book about African dance. It will now be launched in Tanzania. The publisher Walter Bgoya presents it.

  • 186.
    Bhagavan, Malur Ramanna
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    A critique of "appropriate" technology for underdeveloped countries1979Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 187.
    Bhagavan, Malur Ramanna
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Angola: prospects for socialist industrialisation1980Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 188.
    Bhagavan, Malur Ramanna
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Angola's political economy 1975-19851986Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 189.
    Bhagavan, Malur Ramanna
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Inter-relations between technological choices and industrial strategies in third world countries1979Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The major hypothesis of this work is that the choice of industrial strategy decisively determines the choice of technology, and not the other way round.

  • 190.
    Bhagavan, Malur Ramanna
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    The energy sector in SADCC countries: policies, priorities and options in the context of the African crisis1985Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 191.
    Bhagavan, Malur Ramanna
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Zambia: impact of industrial strategy on regional imbalance and social inequality1978Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 192.
    Bigsten, Arne
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Danielson, Anders
    Tanzania: is the ugly duckling finally growing up?2001Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The title of this report is inspired by the great Danish author Hans Christian Andersen who in the child's tale "Den Grimme Ælling" ("The Ugly Duckling") tells the story of a particularly ugly duckling. She is so ugly, in fact, that she is despised and disliked by all other ducks and ducklings. After a long and painful period of time, however, she grows up - but not to become an ugly duck. Instead she becomes a beautiful white swan, admired by all. So Andersen's tale has a happy ending-at least as far as the ugly duckling goes. The major question tackled in this report is whether a similar fate is awaiting Tanzania. Having been something of an enfant terrible since the deep crisis in the early 1980s, economic progress since 1995 provides some hope that the duckling period is Tanzania is finally over.

    The study initially emerged as part of the "Emerging Africa" research program launched by the OECD's Development Centre in 1997. Comments from participants in that research program are gratefully acknowledged, particularly Jean-Claude Berthélemy (project leader), Aristomene Varoudakis and Ludvig Söderlind. Jean Bonvin, President of the Development Centre (until spring, 1999) guided the project from the start. The project was financed by generous grants from the governments of Switzerland and Belgium.

     

  • 193.
    Bigsten, Arne
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Durevall, Dick
    The African economy and its role in the world economy2008Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In a broad survey this issue of Current African Issues presents a multifaceted picture of the current state of the African economy. After a period of falling per capita incomes that started in the 1970s, Africa finally saw a turnaround from about 1995. The last few years have seen average per capita incomes in Africa grow by above 3 per cent per year on average, partly due to the resource boom but also due to improved economic policies. Africa receives more aid per capita than any other major region in the world and there is a significantly positive effect of aid on growth. One of the most notable aspects of the current process of globalisation is the increase in trade between Sub-Saharan Africa and Asia, particularly China and India. The authors conclude with a call for policy coherence among donors. The politically most problematic areas for policy change of those discussed in the paper are not aid policy but trade policy and the European Union CAP (Common Agricultural Policy). This is a challenge to EU policy makers, since the latter areas are probably the most important to change if we take our commitment to development seriously.

  • 194.
    Bigsten, Arne
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Kayizzi-Mugerwa, Steve
    Is Uganda an emerging economy?: a report for the OECD project "Emerging Africa"2001Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In spite of serious external shocks and political destabilisation in part of the country, Uganda has remained a good economic performer since the late 1980s, with over a decade of high per capita growth in excess of three per cent.

    This study concludes that Uganda's medium to long-term success will depend on the achievements in institutional reforms, including raising the quality of the civil service, curbing corruption and implementing an effective regulatory framework. This is important as a poorly functioning public sector is both unable to uphold the rule of law, thus losing the public goodwill necessary for implementing new measures, and a burden on the private sector as it implies increased transaction costs.

    There is a widespread domestic and international concern that the civil strife in the Great Lakes Region might lead Uganda and its neighbours from the path of economic reform back to socio-economic instability.

  • 195.
    Bigsten, Arne
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Kebede, BereketShimeles, Abebe
    Poverty, income distribution and labour markets in Ethiopia2005Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Ethiopia is one of the poorest countries in the world with a per capita income of just over US$100. Understanding the causes of the country's widespread poverty is of the utmost importance. Until recently, however, very little household data was available. This study deals with the many aspects of poverty and income distribution in Ethiopia. It analyses the determinants of poverty and how its conditions have changed in both rural and urban areas over time. Rural and urban poverty profiles and the dynamics of poverty are examined, measurements taken of consumption poverty are compared with individual perceptions of poverty, and an analysis is made of the distribution of intra-household expenditure and the dynamics of income distribution. In addition, the functioning of the urban labour market returns to education, and the effects of education on household welfare are investigated. Finally, there is extensive discussion of the wide range of policies that need to be coordinated for poverty reduction in Ethiopia.

  • 196.
    Bijlmakers, Leon A.
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Basset, Mary T.
    Sanders, David M.
    Health and structural adjustment in rural and urban Zimbabwe1996Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This report attempts to intervene in the discussion on the social effects of structural adjustment through an empirically-based assessment of the impact of the Economic Structural Adjustment Programme (ESAP) of the Zimbabwean state on the country's health sector. The author's conclude that ESAP has resulted in a serious degradation of the poor in Zimbabwe, and an overall decline in the health status of the working poor, which the Social Dimensions Fund has failed to mitigate.

  • 197.
    Bijlmakers, Leon A.
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Basset, Mary T.
    Sanders, David M.
    Socioeconomic stress, health and child nutritional status in Zimbabwe at a time of economic structural adjustment: a three-year longitudinal study1998Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This report intervenes in the debate on the implications of structural adjustment for the social sector in Africa. It finds a strong association between structural adjustment implementation and a sharp deterioration both in the household economy and in the health status of the working poor in urban and rural Zimbabwe.

  • 198.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Between Labor Mígration and Forced Displacement: Wartime Mobilities in the Burkina Faso-Côte d'Ivoire Transnational Space2016Inngår i: Conflict and Society, ISSN 2164-4551, Vol. 2, nr 1, 52-67 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The significant number of involuntary returns of labor migrants to Burkina Faso is a relatively neglected aspect of the armed confl ict in Côte d’Ivoire. Between 500,000 and 1 million Burkinabe migrants were forced to leave Côte d’Ivoire between 2000 and 2007, placing tremendous pressure on local communities in Burkina Faso to receive and integrate these mass arrivals, and causing those returning labor migrants an acute sense of displacement. Th is article analyzes the experiences of displacement and resettlement in the context of the Ivorian crisis and explores the dialectics of displacement and emplacement in the lives of involuntary labor migrant returnees; their young adult children; and Burkinabe recruits returning aft er their service in the Forces Nouvelles rebel forces in Côte d’Ivoire.

  • 199.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Migration, mobility and transnational relations.
    Rethinking the Mediterranean crisis: advice for policy makers facing a humanitarian catastrophe2015Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Create legal entry points into the EU and start recruiting labour through EU embassies in Africa. But don’t forget to take into account the individual aspirations and capabilities of the migrants. Here are some recommendations for policy makers seeking a solution to the Mediterranean crisis.

    • The significant proportion of migrants from Sub-Saharan Africa must be taken into account when seeking solution to the Mediterranean crisis
    • Interventions should prioritise long-term solutions that take the aspirations and capabilities of migrants and refugees into account
    • Creation of legal entry points into the EU should be a central priority, in order to remove the incentive for future migrants to risk their lives at sea
    • Active recruitment of labour through EU embassies in Africa would further reduce the incentive to pursue illegal means of entering Europe.
  • 200.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, African International Links.
    Social Branding in Urban Burkina Faso2014Inngår i: Nordic Journal of African Studies, ISSN 1235-4481, E-ISSN 1459-9465, Vol. 23, nr 2, 83-99 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In the past decade Diaspo youths – second generation immigrants in Côte d’Ivoire who were forced to migrate to their parents’ country of origin, Burkina Faso, during the Ivorian civil war– have become a visible presence in Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso’s second largest city. By consciously displaying their Ivorian origins, they have provoked both the admiration and resentment of local youths, whose ambivalence towards the outspoken and colourful newcomers stems from Côte d’Ivoire’s central role as a destination for Burkinabé labour migrants since the colonial period. Regardless of this animosity, Diaspo youth culture has made its mark on the city.

    This paper explores the response of Diaspo youths to their social stigmatisation and argues that their claims to recognition and access may be understood as a process of social branding. It may be seen as a self-aware performance of otherness, intended to evoke a collective identity that is mediated through a specific set of aesthetics to a well-defined audience.

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