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  • 201.
    Bhagavan, Malur Ramanna
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Angola: prospects for socialist industrialisation1980Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 202.
    Bhagavan, Malur Ramanna
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Angola's political economy 1975-19851986Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 203.
    Bhagavan, Malur Ramanna
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Inter-relations between technological choices and industrial strategies in third world countries1979Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The major hypothesis of this work is that the choice of industrial strategy decisively determines the choice of technology, and not the other way round.

  • 204.
    Bhagavan, Malur Ramanna
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    The energy sector in SADCC countries: policies, priorities and options in the context of the African crisis1985Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 205.
    Bhagavan, Malur Ramanna
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Zambia: impact of industrial strategy on regional imbalance and social inequality1978Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 206.
    Bigsten, Arne
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Danielson, Anders
    Tanzania: is the ugly duckling finally growing up?2001Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The title of this report is inspired by the great Danish author Hans Christian Andersen who in the child's tale "Den Grimme Ælling" ("The Ugly Duckling") tells the story of a particularly ugly duckling. She is so ugly, in fact, that she is despised and disliked by all other ducks and ducklings. After a long and painful period of time, however, she grows up - but not to become an ugly duck. Instead she becomes a beautiful white swan, admired by all. So Andersen's tale has a happy ending-at least as far as the ugly duckling goes. The major question tackled in this report is whether a similar fate is awaiting Tanzania. Having been something of an enfant terrible since the deep crisis in the early 1980s, economic progress since 1995 provides some hope that the duckling period is Tanzania is finally over.

    The study initially emerged as part of the "Emerging Africa" research program launched by the OECD's Development Centre in 1997. Comments from participants in that research program are gratefully acknowledged, particularly Jean-Claude Berthélemy (project leader), Aristomene Varoudakis and Ludvig Söderlind. Jean Bonvin, President of the Development Centre (until spring, 1999) guided the project from the start. The project was financed by generous grants from the governments of Switzerland and Belgium.

     

  • 207.
    Bigsten, Arne
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Durevall, Dick
    The African economy and its role in the world economy2008Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In a broad survey this issue of Current African Issues presents a multifaceted picture of the current state of the African economy. After a period of falling per capita incomes that started in the 1970s, Africa finally saw a turnaround from about 1995. The last few years have seen average per capita incomes in Africa grow by above 3 per cent per year on average, partly due to the resource boom but also due to improved economic policies. Africa receives more aid per capita than any other major region in the world and there is a significantly positive effect of aid on growth. One of the most notable aspects of the current process of globalisation is the increase in trade between Sub-Saharan Africa and Asia, particularly China and India. The authors conclude with a call for policy coherence among donors. The politically most problematic areas for policy change of those discussed in the paper are not aid policy but trade policy and the European Union CAP (Common Agricultural Policy). This is a challenge to EU policy makers, since the latter areas are probably the most important to change if we take our commitment to development seriously.

  • 208.
    Bigsten, Arne
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Kayizzi-Mugerwa, Steve
    Is Uganda an emerging economy?: a report for the OECD project "Emerging Africa"2001Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In spite of serious external shocks and political destabilisation in part of the country, Uganda has remained a good economic performer since the late 1980s, with over a decade of high per capita growth in excess of three per cent.

    This study concludes that Uganda's medium to long-term success will depend on the achievements in institutional reforms, including raising the quality of the civil service, curbing corruption and implementing an effective regulatory framework. This is important as a poorly functioning public sector is both unable to uphold the rule of law, thus losing the public goodwill necessary for implementing new measures, and a burden on the private sector as it implies increased transaction costs.

    There is a widespread domestic and international concern that the civil strife in the Great Lakes Region might lead Uganda and its neighbours from the path of economic reform back to socio-economic instability.

  • 209.
    Bigsten, Arne
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Kebede, BereketShimeles, Abebe
    Poverty, income distribution and labour markets in Ethiopia2005Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Ethiopia is one of the poorest countries in the world with a per capita income of just over US$100. Understanding the causes of the country's widespread poverty is of the utmost importance. Until recently, however, very little household data was available. This study deals with the many aspects of poverty and income distribution in Ethiopia. It analyses the determinants of poverty and how its conditions have changed in both rural and urban areas over time. Rural and urban poverty profiles and the dynamics of poverty are examined, measurements taken of consumption poverty are compared with individual perceptions of poverty, and an analysis is made of the distribution of intra-household expenditure and the dynamics of income distribution. In addition, the functioning of the urban labour market returns to education, and the effects of education on household welfare are investigated. Finally, there is extensive discussion of the wide range of policies that need to be coordinated for poverty reduction in Ethiopia.

  • 210.
    Bijlmakers, Leon A.
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Basset, Mary T.
    Sanders, David M.
    Health and structural adjustment in rural and urban Zimbabwe1996Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This report attempts to intervene in the discussion on the social effects of structural adjustment through an empirically-based assessment of the impact of the Economic Structural Adjustment Programme (ESAP) of the Zimbabwean state on the country's health sector. The author's conclude that ESAP has resulted in a serious degradation of the poor in Zimbabwe, and an overall decline in the health status of the working poor, which the Social Dimensions Fund has failed to mitigate.

  • 211.
    Bijlmakers, Leon A.
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Basset, Mary T.
    Sanders, David M.
    Socioeconomic stress, health and child nutritional status in Zimbabwe at a time of economic structural adjustment: a three-year longitudinal study1998Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This report intervenes in the debate on the implications of structural adjustment for the social sector in Africa. It finds a strong association between structural adjustment implementation and a sharp deterioration both in the household economy and in the health status of the working poor in urban and rural Zimbabwe.

  • 212.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Between Labor Mígration and Forced Displacement: Wartime Mobilities in the Burkina Faso-Côte d'Ivoire Transnational Space2016Inngår i: Conflict and Society, ISSN 2164-4551, Vol. 2, nr 1, s. 52-67Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The significant number of involuntary returns of labor migrants to Burkina Faso is a relatively neglected aspect of the armed confl ict in Côte d’Ivoire. Between 500,000 and 1 million Burkinabe migrants were forced to leave Côte d’Ivoire between 2000 and 2007, placing tremendous pressure on local communities in Burkina Faso to receive and integrate these mass arrivals, and causing those returning labor migrants an acute sense of displacement. Th is article analyzes the experiences of displacement and resettlement in the context of the Ivorian crisis and explores the dialectics of displacement and emplacement in the lives of involuntary labor migrant returnees; their young adult children; and Burkinabe recruits returning aft er their service in the Forces Nouvelles rebel forces in Côte d’Ivoire.

  • 213.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Cross-border perpetrator recruitment in the Ivorian civil war: The motivations and experiences of young Burkinabe men in the Forces Nouvelles rebel movement2018Inngår i: Perpetrators and perpetration of mass violence: Actions, motivations and dynamics / [ed] Timothy Williams and Susanne Buckley-Zistel, London & New York: Routledge, 2018, s. 169-186Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 214.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Côte d'Ivoire2018Inngår i: Africa Yearbook: Politics, Economy and Society South of the Sahara in 2017 / [ed] Jon Abbink, Victor Adetula, Andreas Mehler and Henning Melber, Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2018, s. 70-78Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 215.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Migration, mobility and transnational relations.
    Rethinking the Mediterranean crisis: advice for policy makers facing a humanitarian catastrophe2015Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Create legal entry points into the EU and start recruiting labour through EU embassies in Africa. But don’t forget to take into account the individual aspirations and capabilities of the migrants. Here are some recommendations for policy makers seeking a solution to the Mediterranean crisis.

    • The significant proportion of migrants from Sub-Saharan Africa must be taken into account when seeking solution to the Mediterranean crisis
    • Interventions should prioritise long-term solutions that take the aspirations and capabilities of migrants and refugees into account
    • Creation of legal entry points into the EU should be a central priority, in order to remove the incentive for future migrants to risk their lives at sea
    • Active recruitment of labour through EU embassies in Africa would further reduce the incentive to pursue illegal means of entering Europe.
  • 216.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, African International Links.
    Social Branding in Urban Burkina Faso2014Inngår i: Nordic Journal of African Studies, ISSN 1235-4481, E-ISSN 1459-9465, Vol. 23, nr 2, s. 83-99Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In the past decade Diaspo youths – second generation immigrants in Côte d’Ivoire who were forced to migrate to their parents’ country of origin, Burkina Faso, during the Ivorian civil war– have become a visible presence in Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso’s second largest city. By consciously displaying their Ivorian origins, they have provoked both the admiration and resentment of local youths, whose ambivalence towards the outspoken and colourful newcomers stems from Côte d’Ivoire’s central role as a destination for Burkinabé labour migrants since the colonial period. Regardless of this animosity, Diaspo youth culture has made its mark on the city.

    This paper explores the response of Diaspo youths to their social stigmatisation and argues that their claims to recognition and access may be understood as a process of social branding. It may be seen as a self-aware performance of otherness, intended to evoke a collective identity that is mediated through a specific set of aesthetics to a well-defined audience.

  • 217.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    The ambivalence of neighbourhood in urban Burkina Faso2015Inngår i: Anthropology Southern Africa, ISSN 2332-3256, Vol. 38, nr 3-4, s. 331-343Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 218.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    The Politics of Inclusion and Exclusion in Urban Burkina Faso2018Inngår i: What Politics?: Youth and Political engagement in Africa / [ed] Elina Oinas, Henri Onodera and Leena Suurpää, Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2018, s. 123-140Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 219.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Zouglou Music and Youth in Urban Burkina Faso: Displacement and the Social Performance of Hope2017Inngår i: Hope and Uncertainty in Contemporary African Migration / [ed] Nauja Kleist and Dorte Thorsen, London: Routledge, 2017, s. 58-75Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 220.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Zouglou Music and Youth in Urban Burkina Faso: Displacement and the Social Performance of Hope2017Inngår i: Hope and Uncertainty in Contemporary African Migration / [ed] Nauja Kleist and Dorte Thorsen, New York: Routledge, 2017, s. 58-75Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 221.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Erdman Vigh, Henrik
    University of Copenhagen.
    Introduction: The Dialectics of Displacement and Emplacement2016Inngår i: Conflict and Society, ISSN 2164-4551, Vol. 2, nr 1, s. 9-15Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Wars unsettle our commonsense understandings of movement and mobility. Simultaneously entropic and inertial, they conjure up images of rampant disorder and chaos as well as strained and crippled formations locked in negative tension. On the one hand, detrimental movement; on the other, deadly stalemate. Both mobility and immobility are, as such, associated with the iconography of warfare and confl icts. Th ey may be presented as out of time through pictures of empty streets, ruins, trenches, and dead bodies frozen in contorted positions, yet, conversely, some of the most archetypical images of war connote speed, fl ows, and movement, seen in images of troop advances or retreats, rows of traveling refugees, and hauls of humanitarian aid shipped or fl own into airports and harbors from afar. In temporal terms, confl ict and violence are oft en represented in the lethargy of decay or the entropy of aggression.

  • 222.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Lanzano, Cristiano
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Agrarian Change, Property and Resources.
    Burkina Faso's one-week coup and its implications for free and fair elections2015Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In the upcoming elections in Burkina Faso, there’s a need for a clear democratic break with the three decades of de facto one-party rule. At the same time, a moderate approach is needed in dealing with the controversial legacy of the former regime, to avoid further polarisation in an already fraught political situation. These are the recommendations of Jesper Bjarnesen and Cristiano Lanzano, senior researchers at the Nordic Africa Institute, in a policy note on Burkina Faso’s one-week coup and its implications for free and fair elections.

  • 223.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Söderberg Kovacs, Mimmi
    Conclusion: Beyond Democracy and Big Man Politics2018Inngår i: Violence in African elections: Between democracy and Big Man politics / [ed] Mimmi Söderberg Kovacs and Jesper Bjarnesen, London: Zed Books, 2018, s. 250-262Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 224.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Söderberg Kovacs, Mimmi
    Folke Bernadotteakademin.
    Violence in African elections2018Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The benefits of winning elections, and the disadvantages of losing them, must be reduced to avoid the violence that a winner-takes-all situation can trigger. Election observers should pay more attention to subtle forms of violence, intra-party tensions and incumbents playing the security card to justify increased use of force. This policy note considers how to curb the increase of violence in African elections.

  • 225.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Utas, Mats
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology.
    Introduction Urban kinship: the micro-politics of proximity andrelatedness in African cities2018Inngår i: Africa, ISSN 0001-9720, Vol. 88, nr S1, s. S1-S11Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    African cities have long been perceived as emblematic of the vibrancy and contradictions that characterize public spheres in an African context – from breathtaking monuments of wealth and oppression to overwhelming destitution and despair; from vibrant market places and artistic expression to dilapidated infrastructures and rampant criminality. Through depictions of the hectic pace of different forms of movement – from the inner-city traffic that seems to be buzzing even in the midst of a complete standstill to public protests and food riots – African cities become lenses through which social and political life is assessed and synthesized; a canvas on which national politics and global inequalities are laid bare, for all to see. Indeed, the visual has long been the preferred prism for documenting and evoking the dynamism and decay of urban Africa. Many of these dualities hold some truths but have also contained the enduring simplifications of prejudice and exoticization. The ‘urban jungle’ is easily seen as the continent’s true Heart of Darkness; a pre-conceptualized dystopia (Robinson 2010); a micro-cosmos of the most frightening and fascinating facets of primitive humanity. This special issue challenges such simplifications by emphasizing everyday sociality, and by giving priority to the narratives and practices of urban residents themselves.

  • 226.
    Bjelfvenstam, Bo
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Eritrea, tre resor: med Eritreas befrielsefront (EFL) 1969, 1974-1975 och 1977-19781978Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 227.
    Bjelfvenstam, Bo
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Hur ska det gå för Botswana?1981Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Ja, hur ska det gå för ett land som gränsar till Sydafrika, som inte har någon kust och som är beroende av en järnväg genom Sydafrika för all sin import och export? Ett litet fattigt land som mest består av en öken - Kalahari. De rika diamantfyndigheter som finns i Botswana exploateras av det sydafrikanska multinationella företaget Anglo-American, som också äger och kontrollerar en kolgruva och en koppar-nickelgruva i Botswana.

    SIDA ger bistånd till Botswana för att minska landets beroende av Sydafrika och för att utjämna skillnaderna mellan stad och land, mellan rik och fattig. Men finns det något verkligt intresse för det hos de styrande i landet?

    Det är några av de frågor som tas upp i den här boken av Bo Bjelfvenstam, TV-journalist, som under en följd av år skildrat olika delar av Afrika i sina dokumentärfilmer.

  • 228.
    Bjelfvenstam, Bo
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    I Somalia1982Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 229.
    Bjerhagen, Torbjörn
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Sävfors, Ingemar
    L'habitat traditionnel dans la république populaire du Congo: étude de trois villages1972Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 230.
    Bjerén, Gunilla
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Makelle (Ethiopia) elementary school drop-out 19671969Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 231.
    Bjerén, Gunilla
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Migration to Shashemene: ethnicity, gender and occupation in urban Ethiopia1985Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This book is about migration to Shashemene, a small town in southern Ethiopia, before 1974. In the book, the migration to Shashemene elucidates the mechanisms behind the movement to small African towns experiencing rapid populations increase but having few opportunities for formal employment. A main issue is how the political and economic history of the southern central region of Ethiopia, as well as, the structure of the Ethiopian urban economy in the early 1970's, has influenced migration patterns of people from different ethnic groups coming to Shashemene. The ethnically stratified occupational structure is outlined, and the role of women in urban Ethiopia is discussed. Studies of other urban areas in Ethiopia are interpreted in the light of the findings from Shashemene.

  • 232.
    Bjerén, Gunilla
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Some theoretical and methodological aspects of the study of African urbanization1971Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 233.
    Boafo-Arthur, Kwame
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Democracy and stability in west Africa:the Ghanaian experience2008Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 234. Boesen, Jannik
    et al.
    Havnevik, KjellNordiska Afrikainstitutet.Koponen, JuhaniNordiska Afrikainstitutet.Odgaard, Rie
    Tanzania: crisis and struggle for survival1986Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This is one of the first comprehensive books on the crisis of the Tanzanian economy and society during the 1980s, including the manifestations of the problems and the responses to them at different levels. It frankly examines the long-term causes of the crisis and endeavours to map ways ahead.

  • 235.
    Boesen, Jannik
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Mohele, A. T.
    The "success story" of peasant tobacco production in Tanzania: the political economy of a commodity producing peasantry1979Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This book studies how Tanzania in a period of 25-30 years became a tobacco producer and exporter. But its emphasis is on production, and therefore on the producers. It analyses the processes that made Tanzanians into peasant producers of tobacco for the international market. The dynamics of the organization of production under changing conditions of production. The effects on the development of productive forces, reproduction processes and the standard of living among the producers.

  • 236.
    Boesen, Jannik
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Storgaard Madsen, Birgit
    Moody, Tony
    Ujamaa: socialism from above1977Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 237.
    Bond, Patrick
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    South Africa and global apartheid: continental and international policies and politics2004Konferanseproceedings (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This study covers a variety of political and economic aspects of Africa's and South Africa's relationships to the world. The author considers the context of global apartheid, in terms of international stagnation, uneven development and African marginalisation, and evaluates the South African setting as a telling site of worsening inequality. Where does then the New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD) stand on the largest economic and political problems? South Africa's other proposed global reforms are also discussed. Finally, the author records an emerging ideology based not on commodification via globalisation but on decommodification and deglobalisation, and the strategies, tactics and alliances required for African and international progress.

    CONTENT

    The context of global apartheid

    Class apartheid in South Africa

    NEPAD economics and global apartheid

    Whose NEPAD?

    South Africa’s frustrated international reforms

    Conclusion: African anti-capitalism?

    Figures and Table

  • 238.
    Bondestam, Lars
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Some notes on African statistics: collection, reliability and interpretation1973Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 239.
    Bongartz, Maria
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    The civil war in Somalia: its genesis and dynamics1991Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 240.
    Booth, Charlotte
    et al.
    Life & Peace Institute .
    Norberg, CarinNordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Somalia: a nation without a state2008Konferanseproceedings (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Report from four public seminars on the conflict in Somalia, held during October and November 2007 in Stockholm, Sweden with Nuruddin Farah, Somali Novelist, Roland Marchal, Senior Research Fellow at the Centre d’Études et de Recherches Internationales, Paris, Asha Hagi, member of the Somalia Transitional Federal Parliament and civil society activist, Jens Odlander, Swedish Ambassador for the Somali Peace Process, Shane Quinn, Programme officer at the Life and Peace Institute, Sweden, and Sahra Bargadle and Hayan Ismail from the swedish-somali Diaspora. Marika Fahlén, Special Advisor for the Horn of Africa at the Swedish Ministry for Foreign Affairs acted as moderator for the panel discussion.The seminars were jointly organized by the Life and Peace Institute, The Nordic Africa Institute and ABF Stockholm.

  • 241.
    Bovin, Mette
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Nomads who cultivate beauty: wodaabe dances and visual arts in Niger2001Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Why do young men use mirrors and make-up more than girls? Why do the Wodaabe nomads of West Africa have beauty parades for men? Wodaabe's extraordinary and unique live performances are often misunderstood by outsiders. The book provides some answers about these aesthetic activities. One answer is courtship and "wife-stealing ceremonies" involving enemy clans, another is ethnic identity. Beauty and existence are linked. Wodaabe dances and visual arts are not "exotic" but are arenas for social action and identity politics in the largely agricultural society of the arid regions of Niger, Nigeria and Chad.

    The author describes Wodaabe cultural choices as "active archaisation". Different art forms are analysed in the light of identity construction by the Wodaabe. Their elaborate cultivation of beauty in make-up, tattoos, body paintings, calabash carvings, embroideries, and architecture all follow the principle of symmetry and order in the cosmos. The author emphasizes the gendered aspects of social life and identity construction and explores masculinity among nomadic Wodaabe men, who are living sculptures displaying their beauty as a spiritual act, full of honour and dignity.

    The book has many colour photographs and examples of Wodaabe art.

     

  • 242.
    Brandström, Per
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Hultin, Jan
    Lindström, Jan
    Aspects of agro-pastoralism in East Africa1979Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 243.
    Breivik, Nils Olav
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Nye perspektiver på afrikanske religioner: en presentasjon av nyere forskning1986Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 244.
    Broch-Due, Vigdis
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Domestication reconsidered: towards a new dialogue between women-oriented aid and feminist research1995Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 245.
    Broch-Due, Vigdis
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Poverty and prosperity: local and global perspectives1995Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 246.
    Broch-Due, Vigdis
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Poverty, conflict and gender: the politics of reconstruction and redistribution 1996-1999: final report2000Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 247.
    Broch-Due, Vigdis
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Poverty paradoxes: the economy of engendered needs1995Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 248.
    Broch-Due, Vigdis
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    The "poor" and the "primitive": discursive and social transformations1996Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 249.
    Broch-Due, Vigdis
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Schroeder, Richard A.
    Producing nature and poverty in Africa2000Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Development donors have supported thousands of environmental initiatives in Africa over the past quarter century. The contributors to this provocative new collection of essays assess these projects and conclude that environmental programmes constitute one of the major forms of foreign and state intervention in contemporary African affairs. Drawing on case study material from eight countries, the authors demonstrate clearly that environmental programmes themselves often have direct and far-reaching consequences for the distribution of wealth and poverty on the continent.

    Individual essays in the collection theorise specific forms of environmental intervention; the degree of historical discontinuity that exists between contemporary and past environmental policies and practices; the effect environmental programmes have had on localised systems of knowledge and value regimes; the strategies of accumulation that have been spun out of heavy donor and state investment in environmental programmes; and the numerous social, cultural and political-economic dislocations these initiatives have produced in African environments all across the continent.

  • 250.
    Brock-Utne, Birgit
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Language, democracy and education in Africa2002Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This publication comprises two papers, both written during January and February 2002 when the author was a guest researcher at the Nordic Africa Institute (NAI).

    In the first paper, "The Language Question in Africa seen in the Context of Globalisation, Social Justice and Democracy", the language question is looked at through the eyes of a social and political scientist. The choice of an official language in Africa is viewed as a question of social class, of power. What social classes profit from the continued use of European languages in Africa? Who benefits? Who loses? The focus here is not only on language use in education but also on language use in the courts and in the political domain, especially in South Africa. Examples are mostly drawn from South Africa and Tanzania, where the author is conducting two research projects in the area of language and education.

    The second paper, "The Battle over the Language of Instruction in Tanzania", describes two further research projects in which the author is currently involved. In this paper, the author focuses on the question of the language of instruction through the eyes of an educationist. The paper builds on recent research conducted in Tanzania by the author and her Tanzanian Master's degree students.

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