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  • 51.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Supra-Ethnic Nationalism: The case of Eritrea2002Inngår i: African Sociological Review, ISSN 1027-4332, Vol. 6, nr 2, 137-152 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 52.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Challenges of Reconstitution of National Identiy in the Sudanes2012Konferanseproceedings (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 53.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Challenges of Regional Integration in the Horn of Africa2014Inngår i: Journal of US-China Public Administration, ISSN 1548-6591, E-ISSN 1935-9691, Vol. 11, nr 5, 401-414 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 54.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Complex Roots of the Second Eritrea-Ethiopia War: Re-examining the Causes2010Inngår i: African Journal of International Affairs, Vol. 13, nr 1&2, 15-59 s.Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 55.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Eritrea-Ethiopia Conflict and the Algiers Agreement: Eritrea's road to isolation2009Inngår i: Eritrea's External Relations: Understanding its regional role and foreign policy / [ed] Richard Reid, London: Chatham House , 2009, 1, 98-130 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 56.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Eritrean Diaspora: Myth and Reality2007Inngår i: The Role of Diasporas in Peace, Democracy and Development in the Horn of Africa / [ed] Ulf Johansson, Lund: Lund University , 2007, firstKapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 57.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Ethnic and Civic Basis of Citizenship in the Horn of Africa2009Inngår i: Faith, Citizenship, Democracy and Peace in the Horn of Africa / [ed] Sthlm Policy Group, Lund: Lund University , 2009, first, 131-148 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 58.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Ethnic and Civic Foundations of Citizenship and Identity in the Horn of Africa2011Inngår i: Studies in Ethnicity and Nationalism, ISSN 1473-8481, E-ISSN 1754-9469, Studies in Ethnicity and Nationalism, Vol. 11, nr 1, 63-81 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 59.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The hopes and worries of a newborn state2012Inngår i: Annual Report : 2011: Africa's changing societies: reform from below, ISSN 1104-5256, 8-9 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 60.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Horn of Africa: Intra-State and Inter-State Conflicts and Security2013 (oppl. 1)Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 61.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Horn of Africa: Intra-State and Inter-State Conflicts and Security2013Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The Horn of Africa, comprising Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Sudan and Somalia, is the most conflict-ridden region in Africa. This book explores the origins and impact of these conflicts at both an intra-state and inter-state level and the insecurity they create. The contributors show how regional and international interventions have compounded pre-existing tensions and have been driven by competing national interests linked to Western intervention and acts of piracy off the coast of Somalia. This book outlines proposals for multidimensional mechanisms for conflict resolution in the region. Issues of border demarcation, democratic deficit, crises of nation and state building, and the roles of political actors and traditional authorities are all clearly analysed.

  • 62.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Morality of the U.N. Security Council Sanctions agaist Eritrea: Defensibility, Political Objectives, and Consequences2013Inngår i: African Studies Review, ISSN 0002-0206, E-ISSN 1555-2462, Vol. 56, nr 2, 145--161 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 63.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Politics of Language in Eritrea: Equality of languages vs. bilingual official language policy2010Inngår i: Journal of Asian and African Studies, ISSN 0021-9096, E-ISSN 1745-2538, African and Asian Studies, Vol. 9, nr 1-2, 149-190 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The article analyzes the discourse of politics of language in Eritrea. It argues that the language debate in Eritrea over equality of languages and bilingual official langauge policy is more about power relations than about language per se. It relates to politics of identity that derives from the construction of two identity formations as understood by political elites. Equality of languages is based on ethnic identity, whereas official language is based on the construction of supra-ethnic civic identity. According to the constructivist bilingual official language Arabic and Tigrinya are supposed to represent two different socio-cultural identity formation, notably, Islam-Arabic  and Christian-Tigrinya. Consequently, the official language policy debate could be construed to derive from politics of power relation where two groups of elites supposedly representing the two identity formations are engaged in power competition reflecting real or imaginary socio-cultural cleavage of respective identity. In this sense the bilingual official language is designed to create social equilibrium wherein it is supposed that power would equitably distributed between two rival elite groups.

  • 64.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    When Success Becomes a Liability: Challenges of State Buidling in Eritrea (1991-2005)2007Inngår i: African and Asian Studies, Vol. 6, nr 4, 395-430 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 65.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Why South Sudan conflict is proving intractable: Ugandan forces and lack of international commitment two reasons2015Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In December 2013 war broke out in South Sudan as a result of the power struggle between President Salva Kiir and the ex-vice president Riek Machar. Violence from both sides led to massacres and millions of displaced persons. Agreements to end hostilities have so far been violated. A sustainable peace calls for Ugandan forces to leave South Sudan. The political parties have to reform and be a part of national reconciliation instead of fighting one another.

  • 66.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Mengisteab, Kidane
    Regional Integration, Identity and Citizenship in the Greater Horn of Africa2012Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The Greater Horn of Africa (GHA) is engulfed by three interrelated crises: various inter-state wars, civil wars, and inter-communal conflicts; an economic crisis manifested in widespread debilitating poverty, chronic food insecurity and famines; and environmental degradation that is ravaging the region. While it is apparent that the countries of the region are unlikely to be able to deal with the crises individually, there is consensus that their chances of doing so improve markedly with collective regional action. The contributors to this volume address the need for regional integration in the GHA. They identify those factors that can foster integration, such as the proper management of equitable citizenship rights, as well as examining those that impede it, including the region's largely ineffective integration scheme, IGAD, and explore how the former can be strengthened and the latter transformed; explain how regional integration can mitigate the conflicts; and examine how integration can help to energise the region's economy.

  • 67.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Lanzano, Cristiano
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Agrarian Change, Property and Resources.
    Burkina Faso's one-week coup and its implications for free and fair elections2015Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In the upcoming elections in Burkina Faso, there’s a need for a clear democratic break with the three decades of de facto one-party rule. At the same time, a moderate approach is needed in dealing with the controversial legacy of the former regime, to avoid further polarisation in an already fraught political situation. These are the recommendations of Jesper Bjarnesen and Cristiano Lanzano, senior researchers at the Nordic Africa Institute, in a policy note on Burkina Faso’s one-week coup and its implications for free and fair elections.

  • 68.
    Bøås, Morten
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    African Conflicts and Conflicts Drivers: Uganda, Congo and the Mano River2008Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 69.
    Cheru, Fantu
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Globalization, Trade and Regional Integration.
    Obi, Cyril
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    De-coding China-Africa Relations: Partnership for development or ‘(neo) colonialism by invitation’?2011Inngår i: The World Financial Review, nr Sep/Oct, 72-75 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 70.
    Cheru, Fantu
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Globalization, Trade and Regional Integration.
    Obi, CyrilNordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Rise of China and India in Africa: Challenges, Opportunities and Critical Interventions2010Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, China and India have become the most important economic partners of Africa and their footprints are growing by leaps and bounds, transforming Africa's international relations in a dramatic way. Although the overall impact of China and India's engagement in Africa has been positive in the short-term, partly as a result of higher returns from commodity exports fuelled by excessive demands from both countries, little research exists on the actual impact of China and India's growing involvement on Africa's economic transformation. This book examines in detail the opportunities and challenges posed by the increasing presence of China and India in Africa, and proposes critical interventions that African governments must undertake in order to negotiate with China and India from a stronger and more informed platform.

  • 71. Christensen, Maya
    et al.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation. Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    Mercenaries of democracy: The 'Politricks' of remobilized combatants in the 2007 general elections, Sierra Leone2008Inngår i: African Affairs, ISSN 0001-9909, E-ISSN 1468-2621, Vol. 107, nr 429, 515-539 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The 2007 general elections in Sierra Leone marked a decisive moment in the country's post-war recovery. In this article we show how political parties strategically remobilized ex-combatants into 'security squads' in order both to protect themselves and to mobilize votes. We look at the tactical and strategic motives behind ex-combatants' choice to join the political campaigning and the alternatives (such as 'watermelon politics'), and we also examine the deep distrust between politicians and ex-combatants. Focusing on politics as the domestication of violence, we shed light on the continuation of pre-war and war-time mobilization of youth into politics and demonstrate how electoral moments can legitimize violence. In hindsight, the 2007 elections strengthened the democratic process in Sierra Leone, but this article shows on what fragile ground this success was built.

  • 72.
    Christiansen, Catrine
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation. Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    Vigh, Henrik
    Youth(e)scapes: introduction2006Inngår i: Navigating youth - generating adulthood: social becoming in an African context / [ed] Christiansen C, Utas M, Vigh H, Uppsala: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet , 2006Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 73.
    Courson, Elias
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Movement for the emancipation of the Niger Delta (MEND): political marginalization, repression and petro-insurgency in the Niger Delta2009Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This Discussion paper addresses the linkages between the political economy of oil and violent conflict in Nigeria’s main oil and gas producing region, the Niger Delta. It is based on a case study of the insurgent Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta (MEND), which has targeted and attacked the interests of international oil companies and the federal government in the oil-rich, but impoverished, Niger Delta region of Nigeria, in its professed campaign for the control of the oil wealth of the region for the benefit of local people. Through this study of MEND, fresh perspectives are brought to bear on the causes and ramifications of the oil conflict in the region, and the role of various actors at the local, national and international levels. This is important in grasping the nature of the violence in the Niger Delta and Nigeria and the enormity of the task of resolving the complex conflict in which the region is immersed. It is a challenge, which as the author argues, transcends the resort to the militarized or securitized solutions that often fail to adequately address the roots of conflict.

  • 74.
    Darkwa, Linda
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Challenge of Sub-Regional Security in West Africa : The case of the 2006 ECOWAS convention on small arms and light weapons2011Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This Discussion Paper provides insights into the challenges posed by the proliferation of small arms and light weapons in West Africa, paying particular attention to the ECOWAS convention on small arms and light weapons as a collective sub-regional response to a potent threat to peace, security and development. It connects global and regional discourses on illicit arms control and provides a balanced, empirical xamination of the performance of the convention. It is a useful contribution to debates on arms-proliferation control in Africa and provides well-informed recommendations of interest to scholars, peace activists, policy practitioners and strategists working on peace and security in Africa.

  • 75.
    Ebobrah, Solomon T.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Reconceptualising Democratic Local Governance in the Niger Delta2011Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This Discussion Paper critically examines local governance in the Niger Delta and its relevance to the search for inclusive and sustainable conflict-resolution in the oil-rich Niger Delta region of Nigeria. It critiques the existing local government system and explores the possibility of reconceptualising local governance along more inclusive, accountable and participatory lines that would institutionalise democracy, development and peace at the grassroots or community level in the troubled oil-rich region. Its originality lies in its departure from top-down perspectives, and its refocusing of attention on the oft-neglected local sites of conflict and under development. The paper will appeal to scholars, policy actors and development planners with a particular interest in developments at the African grassroots level.

  • 76.
    Eriksson Baaz, Maria
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    L’inexplicable brutalité de la guerre dans la capital du viol ou de l’ambiguité des représentations de la violence sexuelles au Congo2011Inngår i: Ténebres au Paradis - Africaines des Grands Lacs / [ed] Lamazou, Titouan, Paris: Gallimard; UNESCO; Care , 2011Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 77.
    Eriksson Baaz, Maria
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation. Göteborgs universitet.
    Migration: Zurückkehren ist riskant : Kongolesen, die aus Europa heimkehren, stoßen auf viele Hürden2015Inngår i: Welt-Sichten, ISSN 1865-7966, nr 12 (2016/1), 56-59 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 78.
    Eriksson Baaz, Maria
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Not enough to add women and stir2011Inngår i: Annual Report : 2010: The rise of Africa: miracle or mirage?, ISSN 1104-5256, Vol. 2010, 20-21 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 79.
    Eriksson Baaz, Maria
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation. Göteborgs universitet.
    Successive flops and occasional feats: development contributions and thorny social navigation among Congolese return migrants2015Inngår i: Africa's return migrants: the new developers? / [ed] Lisa Åkesson and Maria Eriksson Baaz, London ; Uppsala: Zed Books ; Nordiska Afrikainstutet , 2015, 23-43 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 80.
    Eriksson Baaz, Maria
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Price for Peace? Military Integration and Continued Conflict in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC)2011Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 81.
    Eriksson Baaz, Maria
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation. Göteborgs universitet.
    Vem får tala om Afrika?2015Inngår i: Forskning och Framsteg, ISSN 0015-7937, nr 9, 44-47 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 82.
    Eriksson Baaz, Maria
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation. Göteborgs universitet.
    Gondola, Didier
    Verweijen, Judith
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation. Ghent University.
    Vikanza, Paul Katembo
    Virunga's White Savior Complex: How the Film Distorts the Politics and People of Congo2015Inngår i: Foreign Affairs, ISSN 0015-7120, Vol. March 5, nr 5Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 83.
    Eriksson Baaz, Maria
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Olsson, Ola
    Feeding the Horse: Unofficial Economic Activities within the Police Force in the DR Congo2011Inngår i: African Security, ISSN 1939-2206, E-ISSN 1939-2214, Vol. 4, nr 4Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Based on original interview material, this article addresses the organization of unofficial economic activities within the Congolese (Democratic Republic of the Congo) police force. In contrast to dominant assumptions in security sector reform discourses in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, in which property violations tend to be portrayed as disorganized, ad-hoc activities, following from irregular and insufficient salaries, the article shows how property violations are highly organized with large portions flowing upward in the chain of command. However, the article also argues for the need to go beyond one-dimensional notions of “unrestrained predation” and simplistic dichotomies between civilians (victims) and police/military (predators). Furthermore, it argues for a more contextual analysis in which the core security sector institutions are situated more firmly in the political and economic context in which they operate

  • 84.
    Eriksson Baaz, Maria
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Stern, Maria
    Comprendre et aborder les violences sexuelles liées aux conflits: Enseignements tirés de la République Démocratique du Congo2010Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [fr]

    Le paysage de guerre de la République démocratique du Congo (RDC) a acquis une exécrable réputation dans le monde entier à cause des rapports sur l’échelle massive des violences sexuelles. Bien qu’un nombre énorme d’autres formes de violences et d’abus aient également été commises à grande échelle, ce sont les violences sexuelles qui ont reçu la plupart de l’attention mondiale, en particulier parmi les observateurs «de l’extérieur». D’innombrables rapports, articles de journaux, coupures de presse, appels et documentaires ont été consacrés à cette question. Un grand nombre de journalistes, d’activistes et de représentants de diverses organisations et de gouvernements internationaux ont effectué des pèlerinages en RDC pour rencontrer et écouter les survivants de vive voix.

  • 85.
    Eriksson Baaz, Maria
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Stern, Maria
    Fearless Fighters and Submissive Wives: Negotiating Identity among Women Soldiers in the Congo (DRC)2013Inngår i: Armed forces and society, ISSN 0095-327X, E-ISSN 1556-0848Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 86.
    Eriksson Baaz, Maria
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Stern, Maria
    La complexité de la violence: Analyse critique des violences sexuelles en République Démocratique du Congo (RDC)2011Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [fr]

    Ce rapport est basé sur une étude de cas originale, incluant des entretiens extensifs avec les forces armées en République Démocratique du Congo (RDC). En explorant de manière critique et remettant en question de manière convaincante les stéréotypes existants et récits sur les violences sexuelles dans des lieux de conflit, les auteurs mettent en lumière le besoin d’une compréhension nuancée des violences basées sur le genre, ainsi que ses victimes invisibles. Leur analyse va au-delà des explications réductrices qui distinguent les violences sexuelles d’autres formes de violences qui affectent les sociétés déchirées par la guerre et hantent les contextes d’après-guerre. Ainsi nous apportent-elles des enseignements très importants sur les circonstances dans lequelles les violences sexuelles se produisent.

  • 87.
    Eriksson Baaz, Maria
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Stern, Maria
    Maskulinitet och sexualiserat våld i krig och fred2013Inngår i: Genus i Internationella Relationer / [ed] Paulina de los Reyes, Maud Eduards & Fia Sundevall, Liber, 2013Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 88.
    Eriksson Baaz, Maria
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Stern, Maria
    Sexual Violence as a Weapon of War?: Perceptions, Prescriptions, Problems in the Congo and Beyond2013Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    All too often in conflict situations, rape is referred to as a 'weapon of war', a term presented as self-explanatory through its implied storyline of gender and warring. In this provocative but much-needed book, Eriksson Baaz and Stern challenge the dominant understandings of sexual violence in conflict and post-conflict settings. Reading with and against feminist analyses of the interconnections between gender, warring, violence and militarization, the authors address many of the thorny issues inherent in the arrival of sexual violence on the global security agenda. Based on original fieldwork in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, as well as research material from other conflict zones, Sexual Violence as a Weapon of War? challenges the recent prominence given to sexual violence, bravely highlighting various problems with isolating sexual violence from other violence in war. A much-anticipated book by two acknowledged experts in the field, on an issue that has become an increasingly important security, legal and gender topic.

  • 89.
    Eriksson Baaz, Maria
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Stern, Maria
    The Complexity of Violence: A critical analysis of sexual violence in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC)2010Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This report, the first in Sida’s gender-based violence series, draws on an original case study, including extensive interviews with members of thearmed forces in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). By critically exploring and convincingly challenging existing stereotypes and narratives about sexual violence in conflict settings, the authors reveal the need for a nuanced understanding of SGBV, including its invisible victims. Their analysis transcends reductionist explanations that separate SGBV from other forms of violence that afflict war-torn societies, and haunt post-war contexts. They thus provide invaluable insights into the complex circumstances in which SGBV occurs.

  • 90.
    Eriksson Baaz, Maria
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Stern, Maria
    Understanding and addressing conflict-related sexual violence: Lessons learned from the Democratic Republic of Congo2010Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The Democratic Republic of Congo’s (DRC) warscape has become infamous globally from the reports on the massive scale of sexual violence. While vast amounts of other forms of violence and abuse have also been committed, it is sexual violence that has attracted the lion’s share of attention, especially among “outside” observers. Countless reports, newspaper articles, news-clips, appeals and documentaries have been devoted to the issue. Numerous journalists, activists and representatives of diverse international organisations and governments have made pilgrimages to the DRC to meet and listen to survivors first-hand.

  • 91.
    Eriksson Baaz, Maria
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Stern, Maria
    Whores, Men and Other Misfits: Undoing the 'Feminization' of the Armed Forces in the DR Congo2011Inngår i: African Affairs, ISSN 0001-9909, E-ISSN 1468-2621, Vol. 110, nr 441Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 92.
    Eriksson Baaz, Maria
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Stern, Maria
    Willing reform? An analysis of defence reform initiatives in the DRC2013Inngår i: Globalization and Development: Rethinking Interventions and Governance / [ed] Arne Bigsten, Routledge, 2013Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 93.
    Eriksson Baaz, Maria
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Utas, MatsNordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Beyond ”Gender and Stir”: Reflections on gender and SSR in the aftermath of African conflicts2012Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    As a policy field largely characterised by handbooks and manuals, gender and Security Sector Reform (SSR) has been insufficiently studied and analysed. Analytical discussion of what gendering SSRmeans is quite rare, as is the study of the already gendered nature of the security institutions that are the subject of intervention. This policy dialogue unpacks aspects of the discourses and practices regarding gender and SSR. It highlights limitations and problems both in the conceptualisation of gender and its incorporation into practical SSR work. The publication also demonstrates how researchers and policymakers often have divergent views of what gendering SSR means. Finally, it calls for closer and more constructive dialogue between researchers and practitioners, a dialogue which acknowledges the conditions and constraints in these two spheres of work.

  • 94.
    Eriksson Baaz, Maria
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Verweijen, Judith
    La « mère des armées » n’est pas encore morte : Des pratiques de justice (in)formelle dans les Forces armées de la République démocratique du Congo2013Inngår i: Politique Africaine, ISSN 0244-7827, E-ISSN 2264-5047, nr 129Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [fr]

    Cet article remet en cause l’idée d’une impunité « quasi-totale » parmi les forces armées congolaises en présentant une série de pratiques punitives et réparatrices ayant lieu hors du cadre de la justice militaire. Il analyse les différents mécanismes et logiques qui informent les pratiques « informelles » et « formelles » de la justice et explore comment ces pratiques sont vues et lues tant par les civils que les militaires, surtout par rapport à leur « in/formalité » et la façon dont elles « rendent la justice ». Cela permet de conclure que les différences entre justice « formelle » et « informelle » sont, à plusieurs égards, davantage une question de degré que de nature.

  • 95.
    Eriksson, Mikael
    et al.
    Totalförsvarets forskningsinstitut.
    Lindberg, EmyNordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.Utas, MatsNordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Illicit Flows and African Security2014Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 96.
    Eriksson Skoog, Gun
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Liberia: Would Reconstruction Zones Work?2012Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 97.
    Eriksson Skoog, Gun
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Reformed cocoa market benefits Liberian farmers: but watch out for new forms of market power and elite capture2015Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The business environment for smallholder cocoa farmers in Liberia has improved. Game-changing efforts by the government have increased competition among cocoa buyers and led to higher producer prices. Farmers are also encouraged by new investors to improve the quality of cocoa, for which they earn more. In addition, famers organisations have strengthened their bargaining power. However, policy-makers must be alert to a possible backlash if competion is not ensured, and from elite capture of farmers’ organisations.

  • 98. Follér, Maj-Lis
    et al.
    Haug, Christoph
    Knutsson, Beniamin
    Thörn, Håkan
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    WHO IS RESPONSIBLE?: Donor-civil society partnerships and the case of hiv/aids work2013Rapport (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Civil society organisations are today considered crucial indevelopment partnerships. This Policy Dialogue argues that current aid programs tend to turn such CSOs into businesses that are required to meet donor demands for reportable results, rather than to serve the needs of intended beneficiaries. Based on case studies drawn from HIV and AIDS work in Mozambique, Rwanda and South Africa, the report explores the methods donors use to govern development partnerships and their effect on the distribution of responsibility among partners. It further examines the responses by recipient organisations to these requirements, ranging from acquiescence to resistance. These case studies, drawn from the field of HIV/AIDS, are also invaluable in shedding light on wider issue of the governance of international development cooperation with civil society.

  • 99.
    Gaasholt, Ole Martin
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Northern Mali 2012: the short-lived triumph of irredentism2013Inngår i: The Strategic Review for Southern Africa, ISSN 1013-1108, Vol. 35, nr 2, 68-91 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 100.
    Gaasholt, Ole Martin
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    State decentralisation and local politics in Mali2004Inngår i: Cadernos de Estudos Africanos, ISSN 1645-3794, E-ISSN 2182-7400, nr 5-6, 75-88 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
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