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  • 1.
    Friis-Hansen, Esbern
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Seeds for African peasants: peasants' needs and agricultural research - the case of Zimbabwe1995Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The book provides a comprehensive discussion about the role of agricultural seed in sustainable peasant agriculture and concludes by presenting new principles for sustainable poverty-oriented plant breeding.

  • 2.
    Seide, Wondwosen Michago
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet. Department of Political Science at Lund University.
    The Nuer pastoralists: between large scale agriculture and villagization : a case study of the Lare District in the Gambella Region of Ethiopia2017Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    "Ethiopia has shown encouraging economic development in the past years. The swirls of economic bubbles are impacting the different regions of the country. At the moment, there are several national and regional development projects being implemented in the Gambella Region in Western Ethiopia. However, being part ofthe development scheme of the federal state does not necessarily guarantee that this peripheral region will be integrated and brought closer to the political, cultural and economic core.

    This report is an attempt to contribute to this debate by focusing on two major themes: large-scale agriculture and the villagization programmes. It examines the dynamics of Gambella’s political economy and the process of incorporating the region – and the Nuer transhumant communities in particular – into the national economy. Specifically, it explores how processes of commercial farming investments and the villagization programme impact Nuer pastoralists. A policy recommendation to be concluded from this research is to acknowledge the nexus between two pastoral development approaches – pastoral area development vs. pastoralism development – so as to make them run in tandem without one excluding the other. By recognising them as mutually reinforcing, pastoralism could be promoted while resources are developed."

  • 3. Watuleke, Joseph
    The Role of Food Banks in Food Security in Uganda: the Case of the Hunger Project Food Bank, Mbale Epicentre2015Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This study addresses the role the food bank plays in food security, sustainable livelihoods and building resilience to climate change among smallholder farmers in Uganda, and in particular eastern Uganda. Currently, it is difficult to measure the socioeconomic impact of the food bank on smallholder farmers in eastern Uganda due to the difficulty of isolating its contribution from that of interrelated programmes and farmer activities. It is, however, evident that the food bank plays a significant role in improving the smallholder farmers’ food production and incomes. The food bank is actively engaged in training smallholder farmers in modern farming methods, providing improved seeds and safe storage facilities for farmers’ produce, helping farmers to diversify their livelihood sources and providing climate-related information. Prolonged drought and lack of access to sufficient seeds of good quality are the main sources of food insecurity among smallholder farmers. Distance from the food bank and lack of access to information are among the other factors that affected many farmers’ ability to participate in food bank activities. Community ownership of the food bank is still lacking, and this is a long term threat to the sustainability of the project. There is therefore an urgent need to establish community-managed food banks at lower levels that ensure community ownership; equitably distribute benefits among target farmers; encourage seed-saving among farmers; initiate community-supported agriculture programmes to improve access to farm credit; and invest in rainwater harvesting for irrigation.

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