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  • 1.
    Beyene, Atakilte
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Agricultural transformation in Ethiopia: state policy and smallholder farming2018Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    For thousands of years, Ethiopia has depended on its smallholding farmers to provide the bulk of its food needs. But now, such farmers find themselves under threat from environmental degradation, climate change and declining productivity. As a result, smallholder agriculture has increasingly become subsistence-oriented, with many of these farmers trapped in a cycle of poverty. Smallholders have long been marginalised by mainstream development policies, and only more recently has their crucial importance been recognised for addressing rural poverty through agricultural reform.

    This collection, written by leading Ethiopian scholars, explores the scope and impact of Ethiopia’s policy reforms over the past two decades on the smallholder sector. Focusing on the Lake Tana basin in northwestern Ethiopia, an area with untapped potential for growth, the contributors argue that any effective policy will need to go beyond agriculture to consider the role of health, nutrition and local food customs, as well as including increased safeguards for smallholder’s land rights. They in turn show that smallholders represent a vitally overlooked component of development strategy, not only in Ethiopia but across the global South.

  • 2.
    Beyene, Atakilte
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Agrarian Change, Property and Resources.
    Agricultural water institutions in East Africa2015Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Climate change is causing growing variability and uncertainty in rainfall in Africa. Since the continent's food production systems are dominantly rain-fed, these changes are putting food security at even higher risk. In order to reduce this dependency, institutional reforms in the agricultural water sectors have become a priority in research and policy.

    In this report, Atakilte Beyene, senior researcher at the Nordic Africa Institute, together with twelve researchers based in Africa, studies current agricultural water reforms in Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, and other East African countries. The report consists of four case studies and an introductory section. The first case study evaluates the performance of community participation in water resources governance in the Mount Kenya Region. It uncovers the implication of a ban on traditional institutions on water security at a catchment level. The second case analyses the prospects of introducing pro-poor water schemes in conditions where climate change and water inequality are already challenges. It identifies incentive mechanisms that enhance more efficient distribution and utilization of water resources. The third case examines impacts of competitive and intensive farming strategies, especially irrigation schemes, on water demands. The final case study explores how advances in information and communication technologies improve water-use management systems across organizational and geographic scales.

  • 3.
    Beyene, Atakilte
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Concluding remarks2018In: Agricultural transformation in Ethiopia: state policy and smallholder farming / [ed] Atakilte Beyene, London ; Uppsala: Zed Books ; Nordiska Afrikainstutet , 2018, p. 180-185Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 4.
    Beyene, Atakilte
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Agrarian Change, Property and Resources.
    Costly not to consider local resistance: Advice on agricultural investments in Africa2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Failures in considering and properly addressing local resistance have become costly for both the local people and the investors. Land acquisition policies need to be accompanied by mechanisms that address local grievances and conflicts. These aspects are crucial not only to alleviate unjust practices, but also to enhance confidence of investors and performance of the investments.

  • 5.
    Beyene, Atakilte
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Land consolidation, canals and apps: reshaping agriculture in Ethiopia2019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Over the last 15 years, Ethiopia has seen remarkable economic growth. The agricultural sector is part of this growth, but its proportional contribution to the overall economy has gone down. There is an urgent need to transform Ethiopian agriculture, not least when it comes to the inefficient land laws that impede young people from investing in farmland. This policy note identifies the structural problems that constrain such a transformation and gives recommendations on how they can be addressed.

  • 6.
    Beyene, Atakilte
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Agrarian Change, Property and Resources.
    Large-scale land acquisitions in Tanzania and Ethiopia: a comparative perspective2015In: Looking back, looking ahead: land, agriculture and society in East Africa : a festschrift for Kjell Havnevik / [ed] Michael Ståhl, Uppsala: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, 2015, p. 170-181Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Beyene, Atakilte
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Agrarian Change, Property and Resources.
    Small farms under stress play a huge role for Africa: smallholder agriculture and emerging global challenges2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Widespread poverty as well as food and income insecurity plague Africa’s dominant smallholder agriculture. Paradoxically, the very people who mainly depend on agriculture are not able to secure their own food and nutrition needs. Today, three-quarters of Africa’s malnourished children and the majority of people living in absolute poverty are found among the smallholder farmers who are key to the development of the continent.

  • 8.
    Beyene, Atakilte
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    State policies and questions of agrarian transformation2018In: Agricultural transformation in Ethiopia: state policy and smallholder farming / [ed] Atakilte Beyene, London ; Uppsala: Zed Books ; Nordiska Afrikainstutet , 2018, p. 1-22Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 9.
    Beyene, Atakilte
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Ngonzo Luwesi, CushUniversity of Kwango.
    Water finance innovations in context2018Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 10.
    Beyene, Atakilte
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Sandström, Emil
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Emerging water frontiers in large-scale land acquisitions and implications for food security in Africa2016In: Water and food: from hunter-gatherers to global production in Africa / [ed] Terje Tvedt and Terje Oestigaard, London: I.B. Tauris, 2016, p. 502-520Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 11.
    Havnevik, Kjell
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Agrarian Change, Property and Resources.
    Matondi, Prosper B.Ruzivo Trust, Harare, Zimbabwe.Beyene, AtakilteStockholm Environment Institute.
    Biofuels, Land Grabbing and Food Security in Africa2011Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Energy crisis and climate change have generated global demands for alternative non-fossil fuel sources. This has led to a rapid increase of investments in production of liquid biofuels based on agricultural feed stocks such as sugar cane. Most African governments see biofuels as a potential for increasing agricultural productivity and export incomes and thus strengthening their national economies, improving energy balances and rural employment. At the same time climate change may be addressed through reduction of green house gas emissions.

    There are, however, a number of uncertainties mounting that challenge this scenario. Using in-depth African case studies this book addresses this knowledge gap by examining the impacts of large-scale biofuel production on African agriculture in regard to vital land outsourcing and food security issues. The surge for African biofuels has also opened space for private investors both domestic and external to multiply and network 'independently' of the state. The biofuel expansion thus generates new economic alliances and production relations, resulting in new forms of inclusions and exclusions within the rural population.

    An essential book for anyone wishing to understand the startling impact of biofuels and land outsourcing on Africa.

  • 12. Hårsmar, Mats
    et al.
    Sandström, Emil
    Beyene, Atakilte
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Lake Tana: Source of Disputes or Collaboration over the Blue Nile?2016In: Land and Hydropolitics in the Nile River Basin: Challenges and newinvestments / [ed] Emil Sandstrom, Anders Jägerskog and Terje Oestigaard, London; New York: Routledge, 2016, p. 189-210Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 13.
    Ndirangu, Wangai
    et al.
    Batiment Engineering and Associates.
    Ngonzo Luwesi, Cush
    University of Kwango.
    Beyene, Atakilte
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Akudugu, Mamudu Abunga
    University for Development Studies.
    Africa's water sector development and financing outlook2018In: Water finance innovations in context / [ed] Atakilte Beyene and Cush Ngonzo Luwesi, Uppsala: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, 2018, p. 43-57Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 14.
    Obando, Joy Apiyo
    et al.
    Kenyatta University.
    Ngonzo Luwesi, Cush
    University of Kwango.
    Beyene, Atakilte
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Tshimanga, Raphael Mwamba
    University of Kinshasa.
    Ruhakana, Albert
    Rwanda Agriculture Board.
    The core business of integrated water management: achieving water governance performance2018In: Water finance innovations in context / [ed] Atakilte Beyene and Cush Ngonzo Luwesi, Uppsala: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, 2018, p. 61-79Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 15.
    Oestigaard, Terje
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Sandström, EmilAnders, Jägerskog
    Land and Hydropolitics in the Nile River Basin: Challenges and New Investments2016Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Nile River Basin supports the livelihoods of millions of people in Egypt, Ethiopia, Sudan and Uganda, principally as water for agriculture and hydropower. The resource is the focus of much contested development, not only between upstream and downstream neighbours, but also from countries outside the region. This book investigates the water, land and energy nexus in the Nile Basin.

    It explains how the current surge in land and energy investments, both by foreign actors as well as domestic investors, affects already strained transboundary relations in the region and how investments are intertwined within wider contexts of Nile Basin history, politics and economy. Overall, the book presents a range of perspectives, drawing on political science, international relations theory, sociology, history and political ecology.

  • 16.
    Otto, Opira
    et al.
    Department of Urban and Rural Development, Division of Rural Development, The Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Uppsala, Sweden.
    Isinika, AidaInstitute of Continuing Education (ICE), Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogoro, Tanzania.Musahara, HermanSchool of Economics, University of Rwanda, Kigali, Rwanda.
    Land tenure dynamics in East Africa: changing practices and rights to land2019Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Agriculture remains the main source of livelihood for most rural people in East Africa. Farming is dominated by smallholders, of whom the majority are women. Their tenure and access to land is important for reducing rural poverty, enhancing food security and stimulating agricultural development. Secure tenure represents one of the most critical challenges to the development of sustainable agriculture in the region. In an effort to understand the land question and its variation across the region, this book analyses the land reforms, their context and dynamics.

    The book presents recent studies on the dynamics of land tenure and land tenure reforms in East Africa with a focus on Kenya, Rwanda, South Sudan, Tanzania and Uganda. By selecting these five countries, the book is able to show the changing practices and variations in the land tenure dynamics and explain how they relate to historical and more contemporary issues.

    The chapters are written by researchers, policy makers and activists with a diverse background and experience/expertise in relation to the land question. Their contributions offer a multiperspective basis for critical rethinking and reflection on the future of the land question in East Africa.

  • 17.
    Ståhl, Michael
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Looking back, looking ahead: land, agriculture and society in East Africa : a festschrift for Kjell Havnevik2015Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Is Africa rising? Many countries in sub-Saharan Africa experience remarkable growth. Afro-optimists claim that an economic transformation is imminent, while critics argue that growth is mainly in the extractive sectors, with little improvement being noted among the rural and urban poor.

    This collection of essays focuses on East Africa, with an emphasis on Tanzania. It is published as Professor Kjell Havnevik retires from the Nordic Africa Institute. He has carried out research, taught and supervised students, and participated in policy debates on agriculture, the environment and development policies in Africa.

    In this volume, authors review the challenges that agricultural producers have faced in the past and risk facing today and tomorrow; customary and individual land tenure regimes; the character of current growth; and policy dialogue between the donor community and the Tanzanian government. Several contributions converge on the drive for large-scale land acquisitions, their potential and shortcomings, as well as on the policy alternative – investment in small-scale farming. The book also includes essays on religion and education.

    In addressing all these development issues, these essays are a fitting tribute to the work of Kjell Havnevik, his colleagues and students.

1 - 17 of 17
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