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  • 1301.
    Themnér, Anders
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit. Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Demobilisering och säkerhetsreform2017Inngår i: Om krig och fred: en introduktion till freds- och konfliktstudier / [ed] Karin Aggestam och Kristine Höglund, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2017, 2 uppl.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 1302.
    Themnér, Anders
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation. Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Former Military Networks and the Micro-Politics of Violence and Statebuilding in Liberia2015Inngår i: Comparative politics, ISSN 0010-4159, E-ISSN 2151-6227, Vol. 47, nr 3, s. 334-353Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent studies have highlighted the inability of disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration programs to dismantle command structures in the aftermath of civil war. The effect that lingering military networks have on peace, however, is ambiguous. Therefore, a key question—which has so far been unanswered—is why some ex-military networks are remobilized for violent purposes while others are used for more productive ones, such as income-generating activities. In this article, I seek to address this question by comparing two former mid-level commanders (ex-MiLCs) in Liberia and the networks that they control. Based on this comparison I argue that it is ex-MiLCs who are shunned by governing elites as peacetime brokers of patronage—distributing economic resources to ex-fighters—that are most likely to remobilize their ex-combatant networks.

  • 1303.
    Themnér, Anders
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Intermediaries of peace or agents of war: the role of ex-midlevel commanders in Big Man networks2012Inngår i: African Conflicts and Informal Power: Big Men and Networks / [ed] Mats Utas, London: Zed Books, 2012Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 1304.
    Themnér, Anders
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit. Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Introduction: warlord democrats : wartime investments, democratic returns?2017Inngår i: Warlord democrats in Africa: ex-military leaders and electoral politics / [ed] Anders Themnér, London ; Uppsala: Zed Books ; Nordiska Afrikainstutet , 2017, s. 1-40Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 1305.
    Themnér, Anders
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Violence in Post-Conflict Societies: Remarginalization, Remobilizers and Relationships2011Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 1306.
    Themnér, Anders
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit. Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Violence in post-conflict societies: remarginalization, remobilizers and relationships2014 (oppl. 2nd ed.)Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 1307.
    Themnér, Anders
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit. Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Warlord democrats in Africa: ex-military leaders and electoral politics2017Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Post-war democratization has been identified as a crucial mechanism to build peace in war-ridden societies, supposedly allowing belligerents to compete through ballots rather than bullets. A byproduct of this process, however, is that military leaders often become an integral part of the new democratic system, using resources and networks generated from the previous war to dominate the emerging political landscape.

    The crucial and thus-far overlooked question to be addressed, therefore, is what effect the inclusion of ex-militaries into electoral politics has on post-war security. Can 'warlord democrats' make a positive contribution by shepherding their wartime constituencies to support the building of peace and democracy, or are they likely to use their electoral platforms to sponsor political violence and keep war-affected communities mobilized through aggressive discourses?

    This important volume, containing a wealth of fresh empirical detail and theoretical insight, and focussing on some of Africa's most high-profile political figures – from Paul Kagame to Riek Machar to Afonso Dhlakama – represents a crucial intervention in the literature of post-war democratization.

  • 1308.
    Themnér, Anders
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit. Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Wealth in Ex-Combatants: Examining the Resilience of Ex-Command Structures in Post-War Liberia2019Inngår i: Journal of Global Security Studies, ISSN 1864-6492, E-ISSN 1473-8376, Vol. 4, nr 4, s. 526-544Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 1309.
    Themnér, Anders
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation. Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Höglund, Kristine
    Conflict, peace and security2015Inngår i: The Future of Swedish Research!: Overview 2014 : Development Research, Stockholm: Swedish Research Council , 2015, s. 12-21Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 1310.
    Themnér, Anders
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation. Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Ohlson, Thomas
    Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Legitimate Peace in Post-Civil War States: Towards Attaining the Unattainable2014Inngår i: Conflict, Security and Development, ISSN 1467-8802, E-ISSN 1478-1174, Vol. 14, nr 1, s. 61-87Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 1311.
    Themnér, Anders
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Swain, Ashok
    Uppsala centrum för hållbar utveckling, Uppsala universitet.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Nationalekonomiska institutionen, Uppsala universitet.
    Krampe, Florian
    Uppsala centrum för hållbar utveckling, Uppsala universitet.
    Climate Change and the Risk of Violent Conflicts in Southern Africa2011Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to identify regions in the Zambezi River Basin in Southern Africa that are prone to risk of violent conflicts (collective violence, popular unrest) induced by climatic changes/variability. The Zambezi River is 575 kilometres long and the basin covers eight countries: Zambia, Angola, Zimbabwe, Malawi, Tanzania, Botswana, Mozambique and Namibia. Besides the ecological impact, the study argues that socio-economic and political problems are disproportionately multiplied by climate change/variability. Climate change/variability amplifies stresses on the socio-political fabric because it affects the governance of resources, and hence, is linked to the weakened mitigation and adaptation capacity of societies, that are already facing economic challenges (rising food prices, etc.). Society becomes highly vulnerable to climate induced conflicts when it suffers from poor central leadership, weak institutions and polarized social identities. Taking all these factors into consideration, this study identifies Bulawayo/Matableleland-North in Zimbabwe and the Zambezia Province in Mozambique as the most likely regions to experience climate induced conflicts in the near future. The reasons for arriving at this conclusion are: a) Climate change/variability will have a significant impact on these two regions; due to increasing water scarcity in Bulawayo/Matabeleland-North; and intensified flooding, sea-level rise, and costal erosion in the Zambezia Province. b) Due to climate change/variability, agricultural production in these two regions will become highly volatile, leading to severe food insecurity. c) Both regions are suffering from low quality political governance, having unscrupulous elites, weak institutions, and polarized social identities.

  • 1312.
    Themnér, Anders
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit. Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Utas, Mats
    Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi.
    Governance through Brokerage: Informal Governance in Post-Civil War Societies2016Inngår i: Civil Wars, ISSN 1369-8249, E-ISSN 1743-968X, Vol. 18, nr 3, s. 255-280Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    There is currently a lack of knowledge about how elites rule post-civil war societies without strong state institutions. This paper argues that elites oftentimes overcome such institutional deficiencies by engaging in governance through brokerage. According to this perspective, elites outsource central state functions to influential broker figures. This is particularly true when dealing with war-affected groups that possess much violent agency. By functioning as social membranes, brokers can help elites and war-affected groups to redefine a new social contract. Liberia is employed as an example to illustrate the paper’s central arguments.

  • 1313.
    Therborn, Göran
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    African families in a global context2006Rapport (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    The family is one of the most important institutions of African societies. Where is it going today? How is it affected by global processes, cultural and political as well as economic? How does it compare with family developments in other parts of the world? These are questions, which this report addresses. It deals with – the African family in a comparative global context, focusing on patriarchy, sexuality and marriage, and fertility;– biological and social reproduction in Ghana under conditions of globalization and structural adjustment;– Nigerian marriage relations under the impact of current conditions;– family changes in the North (Britain) viewed from and compared with a family perspective from the South (South Africa).

  • 1314.
    Therkildsen, Ole
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Watering white elephants?: lessons from donor funded planning and implementation of rural water supplies in Tanzania1988Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The book presents five case studies on various donor approaches to the preparation of long-term regional water supply plans in Tanzania and their subsequent implementation (Denmark, Finland, Holland, Sweden and the World Bank). The donor approaches tend to be welfare and control oriented, although to varying degrees. They have been characterized by extensive data collection; detailed pre-implementation planning; none or limited participation of beneficiaries; emphasis on fast implementation of new schemes; and donor bypassing Tanzanian organizations. This has significantly contributed to the non-use of donor-prepared long-term plans, and the non-substainability of donor-financed water schemes.

  • 1315.
    Thompson, Carol B.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Regional economic policy under crisis conditions: the case of the Southern African Development Coordination Conference (SADCC)1986Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 1316.
    Thorsen, Dorte
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Labour migration: a child and youth issue2008Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Considerable policy effort has been made to eliminate child labour and is currently being directed towards job-creation for youth. Most programmatic solutions are premised on education being a key component of childhood and education deficits a major impediment to youth employment. Long-term difficulties of finding work at the end of schooling or vocational training are addressed only as ill-suited curricula and economic barriers preventing youth’s entrepreneurship. Children’s work (below 18 years) is contentious per se, whilst youth’s labour migration receive no attention in the most recent Swedish and Danish Africa strategies.By bringing together policy discussions on child labour and your unemployment – usually separated and dealt with by different organisations – this Policy Notes highlights a series of questions for consideration in contextualised policy-making. It argues that- The strong focus on formal education makes working children and the skills they learn outside school invisible.- The focus on technical/vocational training as a means to bring youth into work ignores rural-urban inequalities, as well as how African labour markets work.

  • 1317.
    Thorsen, Dorte
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Les migrations de travail: une question qui concerne aussi les enfants et les jeunes2009Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [fr]

    Un effort politique considérable a été fait pour tendre à l’élimination du travail des enfants et l’attention se concentre actuellement sur la question de la création d’emploi pour les jeunes. La plupart des solutions proposées partent du principe que l’éducation est une composante fondamentale de l’enfance et que le manque d’éducation constitue un obstacle majeur à l’emploi des jeunes. Les difficultés prolongées que ces derniers rencontrent pour trouver un emploi à l’issue de leur scolarisation ou d’une formation professionnelle ne sont considérées qu’en termes de programmes éducatifs mal adaptés et de barrières économiques à l’entreprenariat des jeunes. Le travail des enfants (en dessous de 18 ans) est en soi un objet de débats, tandis que les migrations de travail des jeunes sont absentes des stratégies de développement suédoises et danoises les plus récentes en direction de l’Afrique.En rapprochant les réflexions sur le travail des enfants et l’emploi des jeunes – habituellement traitées séparément et par des organisations différentes – ce numéro de Policy Notes met en lumière une série de questions à prendre en compte dans les politiques de développement contextualisées. Deux arguments principaux sont développés:-Le centrage sur la scolarisation rend invisibles les enfants travailleurs et les savoirs qu’ils acquièrent en dehors de l’école.-Le centrage sur la formation technique/professionnelle comme étant le plus sûr moyen pour les jeunes d’accéder à l’emploi ignore les inégalités entre mondes rural et urbain, ainsi que les modalités de l’organisation du marché du travail en Afrique.

  • 1318.
    Thorsen, Dorte
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Hashim, Iman
    Child Migration in Africa2011Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Child Migration in Africa explores the mobility of children without their parents within West Africa. Drawing on the experiences of children from rural Burkina Faso and Ghana, the book provides rich material on the circumstances of children's voluntary migration and their experiences of it. Their accounts challenge the normative ideals of what a 'good' childhood is, which often underlie public debates about children's migration, education and work in developing countries.

    The comparative study of Burkina Faso and Ghana highlights that social networks operate in ways that can be both enabling and constraining for young migrants, as can cultural views on age- and gender-appropriate behaviour. The book questions easily made assumptions regarding children's experiences when migrating independently of their parents and, by drawing parallels with children's migration in Latin America and Asia, contributes to analytical and cross-cultural understandings of childhood.

    Part of the groundbreaking Africa Now series, Child Migration in Africa is an important and timely contribution to an under-researched area.

  • 1319.
    Thorsen, Dorte
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Hashim, Iman
    Contexts of migration2011Inngår i: Child Migration in Africa, London; Uppsala: Zed Books; Nordiska Afrikainstitutet , 2011, s. 20-41Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Child Migration in Africa explores the mobility of children without their parents within West Africa. Drawing on the experiences of children from rural Burkina Faso and Ghana, the book provides rich material on the circumstances of children's voluntary migration and their experiences of it. Their accounts challenge the normative ideals of what a 'good' childhood is, which often underlie public debates about children's migration, education and work in developing countries.

    The comparative study of Burkina Faso and Ghana highlights that social networks operate in ways that can be both enabling and constraining for young migrants, as can cultural views on age- and gender-appropriate behaviour. The book questions easily made assumptions regarding children's experiences when migrating independently of their parents and, by drawing parallels with children's migration in Latin America and Asia, contributes to analytical and cross-cultural understandings of childhood.

    Part of the groundbreaking Africa Now series, Child Migration in Africa is an important and timely contribution to an under-researched area.

  • 1320.
    Tjønneland, Elling Njål
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Pax Pretoriana: the fall of apartheid and the politics of regional destabilisation1989Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 1321.
    Tobisson, Eva
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Agrarian Change, Property and Resources.
    A delicate balance: Short-term gains or long-term food security?2011Inngår i: Annual Report : 2010: The rise of Africa: miracle or mirage?, ISSN 1104-5256, Vol. 2010, s. 28-29Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 1322.
    Tobisson, Eva
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Agrarian Change, Property and Resources.
    Consequences and challenges of tourism and seaweed farming: a narrative on a coastal community in Zanzibar2013Inngår i: Western Indian Ocean journal of marine science, ISSN 0856-860X, Vol. 12, nr 2, s. 169-184Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Although international influences have affected Zanzibar for centuries, some rural areas have remained largely unaffected by globalization until a few decades ago when Zanzibar emerged as a tourist destination and commercial seaweed farming was introduced. This paper focuses on local responses to these two external drivers of change, from the perspectives of women and men on the south-eastern coast of Unguja Island where they strive to improve their livelihoods. Longitudinal social anthropological surveys using interactive methods were used to reveal the perspectives and coping strategies of individuals under multidimensional poverty. The study thus focused on micro-level diversity and diversification in the modes of livelihood over time and within broader national and global frameworks. The tourist boom in the 1990s was followed by fluctuations and a decline in backpackers who had until then benefited the local economy. Seaweed production, undertaken almost exclusively by women, has steadily increased since the late 1980s. Although it entails hard work for limited returns, seaweed has become highly significant in boosting women’s empowerment and securing their livelihood; economic diversification is central to the livelihood of poor women.

  • 1323.
    Tobisson, Eva
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Agrarian Change, Property and Resources.
    Notions of Poverty and Wealth in Coastal Zanzibar: The Policy Relevance of Local Perspectives2009Inngår i: Ethnographic Practice and Public Aid: Methods and Meanings in Development Cooperation / [ed] Sten Hagberg & Charlotta Widmark, Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis , 2009, s. 125-159Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 1324.
    Torp, Jens Erik
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Industrial planning and development in Mozambique: some preliminary considerations1979Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 1325.
    Tostensen, Arne
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Dependence and collective self-reliance in southern Africa: the case of the Southern African development coordination conference (SADCC)1982Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 1326. Tostensen, Arne
    et al.
    Tvedten, IngeNordiska Afrikainstitutet.Vaa, Mariken
    Associational life in African cities: popular responses to the urban crisis2001Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This book is about the multitude of associations that has emerged in African cities in recent years. In many cases, they are a response to mounting poverty, failing infrastructure and services, and more generally, weak and abdicating urban governments. Some associations are new, in other cases existing organisations are taking on new tasks. Associations may be neighbourhood-based, others may be city-wide and based on professional groupings or a shared ideology or religion. Still others have an ethnic base.

  • 1327.
    Troil, Margaretha von
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Changing paradigms in development - South, East and West: a meeting of minds in Africa1993Konferanseproceedings (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Events during the past few years have challenged established conceptions of politics and ideology. Ideas take long to change, and this book is one contribution to the reconsideration of previous notions that has to be done.

  • 1328.
    Trovalla, Eric
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    Trovalla, Ulrika
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    Infrastructure as a divination tool: Whispers from the grids in a Nigerian city2015Inngår i: City, ISSN 1360-4813, E-ISSN 1470-3629, Vol. 19, nr 2-3, s. 332-343Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In the Nigerian city of Jos, everyday life is shaped by interlacing rhythms of disconnection and reconnection. Petrol, electricity, water, etc., come and go, and in order to gain access inhabitants constantly try to discern the logics behind these fluctuations. However, the unpredictable infrastructure also becomes a system of signs through which residents try to understand issues beyond those immediately at hand. Signals, pipes, wires and roads link individuals to larger wholes, and the character of these connections informs and transforms experiences of the social world. Not only an object, but also a means of divination, infrastructure is a harbinger of truths about elusive and mutable social entities?neighbourhoods, cities, nations and beyond. Through the materiality of infrastructure, its flows and glitches carefully read by the inhabitants, an increasingly disjointed city emerges. Through new experiences of differentiated modes of connectedness?of no longer sharing the same roads, pipes, electricity lines, etc.?narratives are formed around lost common trajectories. By focusing on how wires, pipes and roads are turned into a divination system?how the inhabitants of Jos try to divine the city's infrastructure and possible ways forward, as well as how they try, through the infrastructure, to predict a city, a nation and a world beyond?this paper strives to find ways to grasp a thickness of urban becomings?a cityness on the move according to its own unique logic.

  • 1329.
    Trovalla, Ulrika
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    Competing prayers: the making of a Nigerian urban landscape2015Inngår i: Anthropology Southern Africa, ISSN 2332-3256, Vol. 38, nr 3-4, s. 302-313Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 1330.
    Trovalla, Ulrika
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    Haunted by Absent Others: Movements of Evil in a Nigerian City2015Inngår i: Encountering Evil: Anthropology in Everyday Africa / [ed] William C. Olsen & Walter E.A. van Beek, Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2015, s. 175-194Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 1331.
    Trovalla, Ulrika
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    Infrastructure becomes suprastructure2013Inngår i: Annual Report : 2012: Development Dilemmas, ISSN 1104-5256, Vol. 2012, s. 9-12Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 1332.
    Trovalla, Ulrika
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    Trovalla, Eric
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    Infrastructure turned suprastructure: unpredictable materialities and visions of a Nigerian nation2015Inngår i: Journal of material culture, ISSN 1359-1835, E-ISSN 1460-3586, Vol. 20, nr 1, s. 43-57Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    There are signs hidden in the infrastructure. In the Nigerian city of Jos, the unpredictable availability of power, fuel, water, etc. becomes a vehicle of meaning. In many settings across the globe, infrastructure is often made invisible, and the centre stage that it takes in everyday life remains unrecognized. In Jos, however, as in many African cities, the constant need to predict its flows contradicts the prefix infra (below); rather than being hidden beneath the realm of experience it is brought to the surface as a puzzle to be figured out. These explorations in turn come to reveal matters beyond the infrastructure itself. Just as diviners infer the state of the world from the stones they have thrown, reading significance out of the seeming randomness of matter, the infrastructure turns intricate questions into tangible clues. It becomes a suprastructure - a divination tool giving clues about the past, present and future of the Nigerian nation.

  • 1333.
    Tucker, Boima
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Musical Violence: Gangsta Rap and Politics in Sierra Leone2013Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Hip Hop has become a global force in recent years. However, when taken up by youth outside its American birthplace, it is often dismissed as a shallow adaptation or imitation of American popular culture. However, its global popularity cannot be questioned, and its proliferation is aided by its adaptability to local contexts. It has become associated with an emergent youth political identity in many parts of the world, a result of its ability to embody rebellious youth energy. Hip Hop is a new global lingua franca for youth rebellion that exists beyond the boundaries of the state, and is aided by the emergence of the internet and accompanying communications technologies. Analysis of the political ramifications of Hip Hop in West African societies is vital to gaining a true sense of what democracy means in the local context. This paper focuses on the West African country of Sierra Leone, and explores how youth participation in Hip Hop there is a radical political project.

  • 1334.
    Tvedten, Inge
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    The war in Angola: internal conditions for peace and recovery1989Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 1335.
    Tvedten, Inge
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Hersoug, Bjørn
    Fishing for development: small-scale fisheries in Africa1992Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Small-scale or artisanal fishery is a neglected sector in research on African development, despite the fact that fishery is a vital source of protein and income for a large number of people and an important source of revenue for governments. In this volume research on artisanal fisheries has been pooled together in general themes and contributions based on research from Mozambique, Zambia, Angola, Tanzania and West Africa.

  • 1336.
    Tévoédjrè, Albert
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Africa and international co-operation: ILO in Africa1966Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 1337.
    Udelsmann Rodrigues, Cristina
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Angola Since the Civil War: Ricardo Soares de Oliveira, Magnificent and Beggar Land: Angola Since the Civil War2017Inngår i: Journal of Southern African Studies, ISSN 0305-7070, E-ISSN 1465-3893, Vol. 43, nr 5, s. 1112-1114Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 1338.
    Udelsmann Rodrigues, Cristina
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Changes to Urban Society in Angola: From Limited to Multi-Criteria Stratification2017Inngår i: African Studies Review, ISSN 0002-0206, E-ISSN 1555-2462, Vol. 60, nr 2, s. 161-181Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the transformations to urban social stratification inAngola during the last decades. The analysis is centered on the indicators of socialdifference throughout these years: the racial criteria of the colonial times; the politicalprecedence in the first years after independence; and the multi-criteria of thepostwar period. Based on research conducted before and after the end of the civilwar in 2002, the article explores the construction and reconfiguration of urban societytoday, providing evidence of increased social mobility—despite the poverty anddeeper inequalities—and of the importance of economic and residential criteria.

  • 1339.
    Udelsmann Rodrigues, Cristina
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Climate change and DIY urbanism in Luanda and Maputo: new urban strategies?2019Inngår i: International Journal of Urban Sustainable Development, ISSN 1946-3138, s. 1-13Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Climate-related phenomena historically have had an impact on the lives of urbandwellers of Luanda and Maputo. Recently, however, urban expansion and congestionof different sorts, aggravated by climate change impacts, call for renewedresponses on the part of residents. Rising sea levels and harder impacts of floodingare the most disturbing issues in the two coastal capitals, demanding both institutionalresponses and strategies of urban residents, particularly the most vulnerable.Based on qualitative data collected in Luanda and Maputo, this article describes howurban residents aim to mitigate and adapt to the effects of climate change and bydoing so, shape the cities they live in and their environment.

  • 1340.
    Udelsmann Rodrigues, Cristina
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Configuring the living environment in mining areas in Angola: contestations between mining companies, workers, local communities and the state2017Inngår i: The Extractive Industries and Society, ISSN 2214-790X, E-ISSN 2214-7918, Vol. 4, nr 4, s. 727-734Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 1341.
    Udelsmann Rodrigues, Cristina
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Emergent urbanism in Angola and Mozambique: management of the unknown2020Inngår i: Routledge Handbook of Urban Planning in Africa / [ed] Carlos Nunes Silva, Abingdon, Oxon; New York: Routledge, 2020, s. 233-247Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 1342.
    Udelsmann Rodrigues, Cristina
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Migração, Movimento e Urbanização em Angola e Moçambique2018Inngår i: Desafios para Moçambique 2018 / [ed] Salvador Forquilha, Maputo: Instituto de Estudos Sociais e Económicos , 2018, s. 449-470Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 1343.
    Udelsmann Rodrigues, Cristina
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Nationalisms in Lusophone Africa2016Inngår i: Journal of Southern African Studies, ISSN 0305-7070, E-ISSN 1465-3893, Vol. 42, nr 4, s. 793-795Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 1344.
    Udelsmann Rodrigues, Cristina
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    No walk in the park: Transboundary cooperation in the Angolan war-torn Okavango2017Inngår i: Environmental Practice, ISSN 1466-0466, Vol. 19, nr 1, s. 4-15Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The Okavango region is currently part of a transboundary project extending to three neighboringcountries—Angola, Namibia, and Botswana. This article discusses the unequal trajectory and presentconditions for such cross-border cooperation, with a particular focus on Angola. Angola’s disadvantageousposition is above all due to the lasting effects of war that adversely hindered the developmentof structures and resources to engage in such joint programs. The central argument is that theinequalities pose particular challenges to the country to accompany the pace of the neighboringcountries. The article looks at the fragilities focusing on institutional resources, Angolan policy background,existing dedicated institutions, and human resources, as they are major concerns for post-warreconstruction. On the other hand, it poses questions regarding resilience effects on local levellivelihoods and on the future environmental management of the Okavango. This article is based ona literature and documental review and on data from fieldwork where local communities have to relymore heavily on the available natural resources in absence of others.

  • 1345.
    Udelsmann Rodrigues, Cristina
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Organization and Representation of Informal Workers in São Tomé and Príncipe: State Agency and Sectoral Informal Alternatives2017Inngår i: African Studies Quarterly: The Online Journal of African Studies, ISSN 1093-2658, ISSN 2152-2448, nr 2, s. 1-22Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In São Tomé and Príncipe, both the size of the informal economy and the scope of the mechanisms of organization and representation are little known. A research conducted recently showed that the almost always limited and irregular incomes generated in this sector are also associated with precarity and a lack of social protection mechanisms. While initiatives led by the state and supported by international funders positioned unions as privileged organizations for representing and supporting the workers in this sector, the limited results generated opportunities for the creation of sectoral bottom-up initiatives. The discussion is then focused on the areas addressed by the initiatives of specific sectors and types of activity – taxi and motorbike drivers and money exchangers – comparing the outcomes with those of the unions in terms of increased social protection and representation.   

  • 1346.
    Udelsmann Rodrigues, Cristina
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Precarity in Angolan diamond mining towns, 1920–2014: tracing agency of the state, mining companies and urban households2018Inngår i: Journal of Modern African Studies, ISSN 0022-278X, E-ISSN 1469-7777, Vol. 56, nr 1, s. 113-141Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    After nearly 30 years of civil war, Angola gained peace in 2002. The country’s diamond and oil wealth affords the national government the means to pursue economic reconstruction and urban development. However, in the diamond-producing region of Lunda Sul, where intense fighting between MPLA and UNITA forces was waged, the legacy of war lingers on in the form of livelihood uncertainty and uneven access to the benefits of the state’s urban development programmes. There are three main interactive agents of urban change: the Angolan state, the mining corporations, and not least urban residents. The period has been one of shifting alignments of responsibility for urban housing, livelihoods and welfare provisioning. Beyond the pressures of post-war adjustment, the wider context of global capital investment and labour market restructuring has introduced a new surge of corporate mining investment and differentiated patterns of prosperity and precarity in Lunda Sul.

  • 1347.
    Udelsmann Rodrigues, Cristina
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Private condominiums in Luanda: more than just the safety of walls, a new way of living2018Inngår i: Social Dynamics, ISSN 0253-3952, E-ISSN 1940-7874, Vol. 44, nr 2, s. 341-358Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Since its independence in 1975, Angola’s capital Luanda has beengoing through deep processes of demographic, economic, socialand physical transformations. In this article, apart from introducing the case study of private condominiums in the general discussion on urban studies in the Global South, we focus on the dynamics of transformations regarding housing for the mid/upper strata, providing the background for the emergence and recent expansion ofgated communities/condominiums, a phenomenon that has acquired major importance in the recent decades in Luanda. The specialised literature relates the demand for and multiplication of these residential structures in Africa with issues such as the search for safety associated with demonstrations of exclusive lifestyles. In the case of Luanda, the authors found––through a case study and qualitative data collected among residents and non-residents of condominiums––that, contrary to the results from other studies, condominiums in Luanda are essentially sought after primarily for functional reasons such as access to infrastructure and better living.

  • 1348.
    Udelsmann Rodrigues, Cristina
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Renovações da Polícia em Angola: cooperação e formação internacional2017Inngår i: Politeia : Revista do Instituto Superior de Ciências Policiais e Segurança Interna, ISSN 1640-0367, Vol. X-XII, s. 87-109Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The training of Angolan police officers under various international cooperation programs contributes to the construction of an original policing model in the country. The end of the war, the creation of training facilities in the country and the development of public policies favourable to the development of the national police lead to the renewal of the sector based on a model in a way hybrid as a result of various influences progressively built over the years. This article analyses these changes based on data collected in Angola as part of a wider research about the context of international cooperation in the area of training ofpolice officers.

  • 1349.
    Udelsmann Rodrigues, Cristina
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Strategies of Urban Inclusion in the Imagined Modern Luanda2016Inngår i: Governing Urban Africa / [ed] Carlos Nunes Silva, London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2016, s. 191-211Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Luanda, the capital of Angola, has recently been subjected to extraordinary changes, supported by increased wealth and investments associated with the end of the war. The ideas of modernity that clearly stand out are deeply rooted in the city’s configuration and reconfiguration over the years. They inform not only the modernising perspectives and philosophy of policymakers and investors but also those of the urban dwellers. Often, however, the imagined modernity and its benefits do not match the lived realities. This chapter makes reference to the evolution of the city, emphasising the differences between main periods and identifying the underlining strategies in terms of inclusions and exclusions. The conclusions presented, based on empirical and documentary research, point to shifting strategies of urban inclusion and changing categories of the excluded.

  • 1350.
    Udelsmann Rodrigues, Cristina
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    The Kwanhama partitioned by the border and the Angolan perspective of cross-border identity2017Inngår i: African Studies, ISSN 0002-0184, E-ISSN 1469-2872, Vol. 76, nr 3, s. 423-443Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The Kwanhama, whose ancient kingdom occupies a vast area in Angola and in Namibia, are one of the African cases of people partitioned by the establishment of colonial borders. This division, along with the profound transformations of the last decades in the region – war, displacement and conditioned circulation – shaped the way a common identity has acquired different features in both countries. In the (under-researched) Angolan side, cross-border identity has progressively concentrated on the idea of a split between the two countries, as the Kwanhama king, Mandume, is believed to be buried on both sides of the border; and at the same time on the notion of a common belonging across the border. Based on data collected through fieldwork interviews in the Cunene province in Angola, this article adds to the discussion of the apparently ambiguous ideas of partitioned and shared notions of belonging.

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