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  • 1351.
    Udelsmann Rodrigues, Cristina
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    The Portuguesinhos: Experiences of Return and Reintegration of Angolan Police Commissioned Officers Who Studied in Portugal2016Inngår i: Journal of Global Initiatives: Policy, Pedagogy, Perspective, ISSN 1930-3009, Vol. 11, nr 1, s. 77-98, artikkel-id 9Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyses individual pathways of Angolan commissioned officers educated in Portugal, focusing specifically on their return to their country of origin and on the features of their reintegration into professional life. It aims at contributing to the discussion of mobility and migration, discussing issues of qualification and circulation of ‘brains’ between developed and developing countries. The analysis is based on quantitative and qualitative data obtained by conducting field research. It calls for the elaboration of strategies to deal simultaneously with the individual, the organisational and the societal conditions and consequently provides an important viewpoint of the processes of transformation of the Angolan society and institutions.

  • 1352.
    Udelsmann Rodrigues, Cristina
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Urban Modernity versus the Blood Diamond Legacy: Angola’s Urban Mining Settlements in the Aftermath of War2017Inngår i: Journal of Southern African Studies, ISSN 0305-7070, E-ISSN 1465-3893, Vol. 43, nr 6, s. 1215-1234Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    For most of the latter half of the 20th century, war carved the contours of settlement and mining activity in Angola. The aim of this article is twofold: first, to contrast migrant andurban livelihoods during the war, distinguishing between artisanal guerrilla diamond-diggingsettlements and the refuge ‘government cities’, and, secondly, to compare recent patternsof migration, livelihoods, mineral production and aspirations among urban residents. This article focuses on four urban settlements in the Lundas’ diamond-producing provinces, tracing wartime diamond growth in boom towns and cantonment in government cities. Post-war urban regeneration is characterised by investment in formal planned cities, and constraints on the informal mining boom towns and their garimpo artisanal miners. Questions are posed regarding these settlements’ population movements, livelihoods, residents’ conceptions of urban life and their quest for modernity. Amidst the multiplicity of wartime legacies and the envisaged reconstruction, renewed perceptions of urban life are increasingly focused on non-mining livelihoods.

  • 1353.
    Udelsmann Rodrigues, Cristina
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    Frias, Sónia
    University of Lisbon.
    Between the City Lights and the Shade of Exclusion: Post-war accelerated urban transformation of Luanda, Angola2015Inngår i: Urban Forum, ISSN 1015-3802, E-ISSN 1874-6330Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    With nearly five centuries of history and major war-related impacts in the second half of the twentieth century, Luanda has recently been subject to outstanding changes that make the capital of Angola an important urban case study for Africa. Today, the city is not only an evident materialization of the oil wealth being channelled into reconstruction after decades of civil war, but also reflects and translates the diverse perspectives of its residents and policy makers regarding the city and urban life. As it is reconfigured, it also transforms the mentalities and daily lives of urban dwellers and policy stakeholders, reinforcing the idea of improvement and modernity. In order to better understand the processes of physical and social change that have taken place within the city and the intertwined logics, this article makes reference to three distinct key stages of its history, pointing out their main features and the transformations that have occurred: the colonial period of sociospatial dualization (1576-1974), the period between independence and the last peace agreement (1975-2002) of profound and extensive urban mixture, and the post-war period (2002-present) marked by accelerated sociospatial reconfigurations. More specifically, it analyses the very recent urban phenomena, the urban plans and new urban features, discussing the correlations between physical transformations and the rationalities and perspectives that accompany them, both of the urban planners and of the urban dwellers, discussing the implications in terms of new inclusions and exclusions in the city.

  • 1354.
    Ukiwo, Ukoha
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Causes and cures of oil-related Niger Delta conflicts2009Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Nigeria’s political and economic fortunes and the country’s ability to play a stabilizing role in the African region partly depend on the resolution of the lingering Niger Delta conflict. The Niger Delta covers nine out of 36 states and 185 out of 774 local government areas of the Nigerian federation. It occupies a total land area of 75,000 square kilometers and is the world’s third largest wetlands. The 2006 Nigerian population census shows that 30 million out of the country’s 140 million people reside in the Niger Delta region. Nearly all of Nigeria’s oil and gas reserves are located in the region. Oil and gas have accounted for about 40 per cent of Nigeria’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) since 1990. Between 2000 and 2004, oil and gas accounted for 75 per cent of total government revenues and 97 per cent of foreign exchange. Apart from being vital to Nigeria’s fiscal viability, the Niger Delta is important to global energy security.

  • 1355.
    Ukiwo, Ukoha
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Les causes et les remèdes des conflits pétroliers du Delta du Niger2009Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [fr]

    Les fortunes économique et politique du Nigéria, et la capacité du pays à jouer un rôle stabilisant dans la région africaine, dépendent de la résolution du conflit qui persiste dans la zone du delta du Niger. Le delta couvre neuf états, sur un total de 36, et 185 des 774 gouvernements locaux de la fédération nigériane. Il occupe une étendue totale de 75,000 mètres carrés et constitue la troisième plus grande zone humide de la terre. Le recensement Nigérien de 2006 montreque 30 million d’habitants, sur une population total de 185 million, résident dans la région du delta du Niger. La quasi-totalité des réseaux de gaz et de pétrole du Nigéria sont situés dans la région. Depuis 1990, le pétrole et le gaz représentent environ 40% du produit intérieur brut (PIB). Entre 2000 et 2004, ces deux industries ont engendré 75% des revenus totales du gouvernement, et ont généré 97% des échanges commerciaux. En plus d´être essentiel à la viabilité financière du Nigéria, le delta du Niger est important pour la sécurité énergétique mondiale.

  • 1356.
    Ukiwo, Ukoha
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    The Nigerian state, oil and the Niger Delta crisis2011Inngår i: Oil and Insurgency in the Niger Delta: Managing the Complex Politics of Petroviolence / [ed] Cyril I. Obi & Siri Aas Rustad, London; Uppsala: Zed Books; Nordiska Afrikainstitutet , 2011, s. 17-27Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The recent escalation in the violent conflict in the Niger Delta has brought the region to the forefront of international energy and security concerns. This book analyses the causes, dynamics and politics underpinning oil-related violence in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria. It focuses on the drivers of the conflict, as well as the ways the crises spawned by the political economy of oil and contradictions within Nigeria's ethnic politics have contributed to the morphing of initially poorly coordinated, largely non-violent protests into a pan-Delta insurgency. Approaching the issue from a number of perspectives, the book offers the most up-to-date and comprehensive analysis available of the varied dimensions of the conflict. Combining empirically-based and analytic chapters, it attempts to explain the causes of the escalation in violence, the various actors, levels and dynamics involved, and the policy challenges faced with regard to conflict management/resolution and the options for peace. It also examines the role of oil as a commodity of global strategic significance, addressing the relationship between oil, energy security and development in the Niger Delta.

  • 1357.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    African conflicts and Informal Power: Big Men and Networks2012Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Through a variety of indepth case studies – from DRC to Somalia to Liberia amongst others – this book shows how important informal political and economic networks are in many of the continent’s  conflict areas.

  • 1358.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Book review of: Christine Ryan, Children of war: child soldiers as victims and participants in the Sudan civil war2013Inngår i: Journal of Modern African Studies, ISSN 0022-278X, E-ISSN 1469-7777, Vol. 51, nr 2, s. 367-369Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 1359.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Danny Hoffman, The War Machines: Young Men and Violence in Sierra Leone and Liberia2012Inngår i: Anthropological Quarterly, ISSN 0003-5491, E-ISSN 1534-1518, Vol. 85, nr 2, s. 581-586Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 1360.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Diamanter är för evigt - men Sierra Leonsk ungdom är utbytbar2007Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 1361.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    En gång general, alltid general: krigen tar slut men militära befälsstrukturer består2013Inngår i: Internationella Studier, ISSN 0020-952X, nr 4, s. 51-52Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 1362.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation. Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    Freetown: Berättelser från den osynliga staden2007Inngår i: Den Ny Verden, ISSN 0029-6775, Vol. 40, nr 2, s. 27-37Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 1363.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Ground zero: Revival of Democratic Mali? 2013Annet (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 1364.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Im Frieden hilft der General2013Inngår i: Welt-Sichten, ISSN 1865-7966, nr 10, s. 45-47Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 1365.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Im Frieden hilft der General2013Inngår i: Welt-Sichten, ISSN 1865-7966, nr 10, s. 45-47Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 1366.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Introduction: Bigmanity and network governance in African conflicts2012Inngår i: African conflicts and informal power: big men and networks / [ed] Utas, Mats, London ; Uppsala: Zed Books ; Nordiska Afrikainstitutet , 2012, s. 1-31Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 1367.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Liberia Beyond the Blueprints: Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers, Big Men and Informal Networks2008Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 1368.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    Making jew-man business: filming post-war youth in Sierra Leone2011Inngår i: Annual Report : 2010: The rise of Africa: miracle or mirage?, ISSN 1104-5256, Vol. 2010, s. 32-35Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 1369.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation. Uppsala universitet, Kulturantropologiska avdelningen.
    Martine Guichard, Tilo Grätz and Youssouf Diallo (eds.). Friendship, decent and lliance in Africa.2015Inngår i: The Australasian review of African studies, Vol. 36, nr 1, s. 135-136Artikkel, omtale (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 1370.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    “Playing the game”: gang-militia logics in war-torn Sierra Leone2014Inngår i: Global Gangs: Street violence across the world / [ed] Hazen, J.M. and Rodgers, D., Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2014, s. 171-192Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 1371.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation. Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    Presidential elections in Sierra Leone2007Inngår i: NAI Newsletter, nr June, s. 1-4Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    On August 11 Sierra Leone will vote democratically for the second timesince the end of the decade long civil war that raged between 1991 and 2002. Many international observers believe that this election is an important testfor democracy in Sierra Leone. Many Sierra Leoneans call democracy Demare-Crazy and politics politrix.

  • 1372.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Ramon Sarró, The politics of religious change on the Upper Guinea Coast: iconoclasm done and undone2010Inngår i: Journal of Religion in Africa, ISSN 0022-4200, E-ISSN 1570-0666, Vol. 40, s. 360-361Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 1373.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Sexual abuse survivors and the complex of traditional healing: (G)local prospects in the aftermath of an African war2009Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In its efforts to assist post-conflict societies in africa the international aid community has acitvely promoted projects of psycho-social healing among people traumatized during wars and violent conflict. To a large degree these projects have been established in the tradtion of Western psychology. More recently, however, it has been realized in order to help survivors of war effectivley it is necessary to adapt projects and enhance “local” psycho-social healing. This policy report locates the structures – with local legitimacy – that are available to young people who experienced sexual abuse during the Sierra Leone civil war (1991–2002). To this end, this booklet discusses a healing complex that comprises a number of overlapping actors, including herbalists, Zoe Mammies (heads of the female secret societies), Mori-men (Muslim healers); Karamokos (Muslim teachers) and Christian pastors.

  • 1374.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation. Uppsala universitet, Kulturantropologiska avdelningen.
    Sharon Alane Abramowitz. Searching for the normal in the wake of the Liberian war2015Inngår i: Journal of Modern African Studies, ISSN 0022-278X, E-ISSN 1469-7777, Vol. 53, nr 3, s. 494-496Artikkel, omtale (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 1375.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Stig Jarle Hansen. Al-Shabaab in Somalia: the history and ideology of a militant Islamist group, 2005−2012: book review2013Inngår i: International Affairs, ISSN 0020-5850, E-ISSN 1468-2346, Vol. 89, nr 6, s. 1523-1524Artikkel, omtale (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 1376.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation. Uppsala universitet, Kulturantropologiska avdelningen.
    Terroristjakt med drönare löser inte konflikten i norra Mali2015Inngår i: Mänsklig säkerhet, , s. 2Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 1377.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The rewards of political violence: remobilizing ex-combatants in post-war Sierra Leone2010Inngår i: Small Arms Survey 2010, s. 266-266Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 1378.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation. Uppsala universitet, Kulturantropologiska avdelningen.
    “The system bang me right here”: ostacoli e opportunità fra le strade di Freetown e oltre2015Inngår i: Antropologia, ISSN 2281-4043, Vol. 2, nr 1, s. 41-60Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 1379.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Urban youth and post-conflict Africa: On policy priorities2012Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Youth in urban areas of post-war African countries lead lives that are not very different from non-post-war societies. In fact it is often hard to separate battle-hardened ex-combatants from street-hardened urban youth in general. In this context, youth is a social category of people living in volatile and dire life conditions rather than a group defined by age. It is people who are no longer children, but who have yet to become social adults, people who have been marginalized into what they see as a chronic state of youthhood. It is the number of social youth, not the number of an age-categorized “youth bulge”, that poses a danger for stability in many African countries. This way of defining youth demands special efforts and raises special concerns when international donor communities create and implement youth-specific projects in post-conflict areas. Related to that, this policy note reflects on number of issues that will help improve the results of such projects through knowing and using existing social structures, including gender relations, the problems of social elites and the advantages of utilizing already existing systems of labor training.

  • 1380.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Varning för Aftonbladets Jackass journalistik i ”det mörkaste Afrika”2010Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 1381.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Vilks rondellhund: inte en fråga om yttrandefrihet, utan en fråga om sunt förnuft2010Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 1382.
    Utas, Mats
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Böås, Morten
    The Political Landscape of Postwar Liberia: Reflections on National Reconciliation and Elections2014Inngår i: Africa Today, ISSN 0001-9887, E-ISSN 1527-1978, Vol. 60, nr 4, s. 47-65Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 1383.
    Utas, Mats
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Bøås, Morten
    Tuaregian kapina2013Inngår i: Ulkopolitiikka, ISSN 0501-0659, nr 2, s. 56-59Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 1384.
    Utas, Mats
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Christensen, Maya M.
    Remobilisation and the “politricks” of ex-combatants in the 2007 general elections2011Inngår i: Conflict resolution and peacebuilding in Africa: lessons from Sierra Leone / [ed] Takehiko Ochiai, Research Institute for Social Sciences, Ryukoku University/Showado , 2011, s. 173-204Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 1385.
    Utas, Mats
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    James, Brian
    How do you survive as a young person in Freetown?2010Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    After ten years of civil war young people throng Sierra Leone’s capital. Brian James and Mats Utas talk about how to survive.

  • 1386.
    Utas, Mats
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Käihkö, Ilmari
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Den Central-Afrikanske Republik: brutalt, men ikke folkedrab2014Inngår i: Udvikling, ISSN 0106-0570, nr 2, s. 48-53Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 1387.
    Utas, Mats
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Käihkö, Ilmari
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Religionskrig, folkemord, kannibalisme?2014Inngår i: Bistandsaktuelt, ISSN 1501-0201, E-ISSN 1890-1743, Vol. 24/2/14Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 1388.
    Utas, Mats
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Lindell, Ilda
    Networked City Life in Africa2012Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 1389.
    Utas, Mats
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Lindell, Ilda
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    Networked City Life in Africa: Introduction2012Inngår i: Urban Forum, ISSN 1015-3802, E-ISSN 1874-6330, Vol. 23, nr 4, s. 409-414Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 1390.
    Utas, Mats
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Persson, Mariam
    Coulter, Chris
    Young female fighters in African wars: conflict and its consequences2008Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In the numerous armed conflicts that are tearing the African continent apart, young women are participants and carry guns alongside their male comrades-in-arms. Challenging the stereotype of women in African wars as victims only, this issue of the Nordic Africa Institute Policy Dialogues shows how in modern African wars women have often been as active as men. Female fighters are victimized, yet they are not mere victims. Girls and young women who volunteer to fight often possess quite considerable strength and independence. Programmes for disarming, demobilizing, and reintegrating former fighters must be based on better understanding of the range of women's roles and experiences in war and post-war settings in order to act in a gender-sensitive way and to empower this group of women in the aftermath of war.

  • 1391.
    Utas, Mats
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Soiri, Iina
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Afrika leder sin egen utveckling2013Inngår i: Aftonbladet Debatt, nr 2013-06-15Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 1392.
    Utas, Mats
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Themnér, Anders
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Lindberg, Emy
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Commanders for good and bad: alternative post-war reconstruction and ex-commanders in Liberia2014Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Contrary to the general conviction, collaboration with ex-commanders and their informal networks can actually promote postwar stability. When former generals are integrated into the post-conflict societal structure as brokers of socioeconomic service and mediators between governing elites and former combatants, they can help to provide security and stability. In the case of Liberia their direct access to ex-combatants makes them suitable for distributing jobs, money, food, scholarships and other resources.

  • 1393.
    Vaa, Mariken
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Towards more appropriate technologies?: experiences from the water and sanitation sector1993Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the 1970s there has been a gradual change in the approach of the donors to technical solutions for the provision of water and sanitation in the Third World. This study examines some concrete projects from that perspective.

  • 1394.
    Vainio, Antti
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    Market-based and Rights-based Approaches to the Informal Economy: A comparative analysis of the policy implications2012Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This Policy Dialogue compares two very different conceptions of the informal economy that are prominent internationally: a market-based approach and a rights-based approach. It reflects upon the policy implications of adopting one perspective or the other, and argues that the terms ‘entrepreneur’ and ‘worker’ are often ideologically charged rather than a reflection of the structural positions of the ‘informals’. The paper is critical of a market-based perspective and of the related notion of informal entrepreneurs, as these may lead to policy recommendations that undermine the already fragile livelihoods of many people. The ideas presented in this paper are part of a work in progress and are intended to promote further debate about sustainable policy-making aimed at enhancing the economic and social standing of vulnerable people in the informal economy.

  • 1395.
    van Rensburg, Patrick
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Education and development in an emerging country1967Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 1396.
    Van Wyk, Jo-Ansie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Cadres, capitalists, elites and coalitions: The ANC, business and development in South Africa2009Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The transition from apartheid to democracy in South Africa is widely regarded as an exemplary case of an elite political settlement. Moreover, South Africa’s political history in the last two decades can certainly be understood in terms of the way old, new, political and economic elites interacted in different domains and sectors to resolve major collective problems and produce institutional solutions that would work – even if some of these solutions appeared contentious – and cater to broad interests.

    The political settlement achieved by opposing elites produced a unique democratic pact. However, less attention has been paid to the economic pact achieved by these elites. As a liberation movement, the African National Congress (ANC) advocated nationalisation to undo the socioeconomic legacies of apartheid, but once the political transition had commenced, it discarded nationalisation. Instead, ANC elites opted for pro-business/market policies, which stabilised the economy and attracted much needed foreign direct investment. Their decision was partly attributable to the negotiated political and economic pacts that they concluded with National Party elites and ‘white’ capital. With the political or democratic pact in place, the negotiation and consolidation of the economic pact was achieved with the formation of numerous formal and informal coalitions with first ‘white’ and later ‘black’ capital to undo the economic legacies of apartheid. Not only did the pact result led to a stable political transition, it also in political and economic transformation.

    More importantly, early signs are now evident of a developmental pact that may result in a successful developmental state capable of achieving equality and equity for all in post-apartheid South Africa.

  • 1397.
    Vigne, Randolph
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Transkei, en sydafrikansk tragedi : Vårt land, vårt ansvar: Två uppsatser om Sydafrika1970Bok (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 1398.
    Vilby, Knud
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Afrika på fel spår: utvecklingens och biståndets kris i ett allt fattigare Afrika1984Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Afrika befinner sig i kris. Livsmedelsproduktionen sjunker, ekonomin vacklar. Den internationella ekonomiska krisen återverkar kraftigt på de fattigaste u-länderna och en inhemsk politik som har slagit fel ökar problemen. Eliten söker skydda sina egna intressen. Utvecklingen når inte ner till de fattigaste och kommer därför inte igång på riktigt.

    Boken handlar om Afrika men många av dess iakttagelser gäller också flera av världens fattigaste u-länder. Den drar dessutom paralleller mellan effekten av utvecklingsbistånd i vissa länder och oljeintäckter i några av de oljeexporterande u-länderna.

  • 1399.
    Vilby, Knud
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Independent?: Tanzania's challenges since Uhuru2007Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This book describes the history and challenges facing Tanzania through the voices and memories of Tanzanians and through their visions and ideas about the challenges Tanzania faces today. It is a story of set backs and disappointments, but also of pride. Among those interviewed are leading politicians, activists and researchers, but also ordinary everyday Tanzanians - farmers, workers, grandfathers and grandmothers, active and retired civil servants - are interviewed. The statements are used thematically in chapters forcusing on the various challenges that have faced Tanzania: from insufficient focus on agriculture to the menace of corruption; from socialism to capitalism and from the role of the family to the importance of religion. There is a strong focus on the limitation of independence. Tanzania is independent, but there is no true independence in a globalized world.

  • 1400.
    Villa-Vicencio, Charles
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Where the old meets the new: Transitional justice, peacebuilding and traditional reconciliation practices in Africa2009Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
252627282930 1351 - 1400 of 1486
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