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  • 1451.
    Tobisson, Eva
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Agrarian Change, Property and Resources.
    Notions of Poverty and Wealth in Coastal Zanzibar: The Policy Relevance of Local Perspectives2009In: Ethnographic Practice and Public Aid: Methods and Meanings in Development Cooperation / [ed] Sten Hagberg & Charlotta Widmark, Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis , 2009, p. 125-159Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 1452.
    Torp, Jens Erik
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Industrial planning and development in Mozambique: some preliminary considerations1979Report (Other academic)
  • 1453.
    Tostensen, Arne
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Dependence and collective self-reliance in southern Africa: the case of the Southern African development coordination conference (SADCC)1982Report (Other academic)
  • 1454. Tostensen, Arne
    et al.
    Tvedten, IngeThe Nordic Africa Institute.Vaa, Mariken
    Associational life in African cities: popular responses to the urban crisis2001Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This book is about the multitude of associations that has emerged in African cities in recent years. In many cases, they are a response to mounting poverty, failing infrastructure and services, and more generally, weak and abdicating urban governments. Some associations are new, in other cases existing organisations are taking on new tasks. Associations may be neighbourhood-based, others may be city-wide and based on professional groupings or a shared ideology or religion. Still others have an ethnic base.

  • 1455.
    Troil, Margaretha von
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Changing paradigms in development - South, East and West: a meeting of minds in Africa1993Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Events during the past few years have challenged established conceptions of politics and ideology. Ideas take long to change, and this book is one contribution to the reconsideration of previous notions that has to be done.

  • 1456.
    Trovalla, Eric
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Urban Dynamics.
    Trovalla, Ulrika
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Urban Dynamics.
    Infrastructure as a divination tool: Whispers from the grids in a Nigerian city2015In: City, ISSN 1360-4813, E-ISSN 1470-3629, Vol. 19, no 2-3, p. 332-343Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the Nigerian city of Jos, everyday life is shaped by interlacing rhythms of disconnection and reconnection. Petrol, electricity, water, etc., come and go, and in order to gain access inhabitants constantly try to discern the logics behind these fluctuations. However, the unpredictable infrastructure also becomes a system of signs through which residents try to understand issues beyond those immediately at hand. Signals, pipes, wires and roads link individuals to larger wholes, and the character of these connections informs and transforms experiences of the social world. Not only an object, but also a means of divination, infrastructure is a harbinger of truths about elusive and mutable social entities?neighbourhoods, cities, nations and beyond. Through the materiality of infrastructure, its flows and glitches carefully read by the inhabitants, an increasingly disjointed city emerges. Through new experiences of differentiated modes of connectedness?of no longer sharing the same roads, pipes, electricity lines, etc.?narratives are formed around lost common trajectories. By focusing on how wires, pipes and roads are turned into a divination system?how the inhabitants of Jos try to divine the city's infrastructure and possible ways forward, as well as how they try, through the infrastructure, to predict a city, a nation and a world beyond?this paper strives to find ways to grasp a thickness of urban becomings?a cityness on the move according to its own unique logic.

  • 1457.
    Trovalla, Ulrika
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Urban Dynamics.
    Competing prayers: the making of a Nigerian urban landscape2015In: Anthropology Southern Africa, ISSN 2332-3256, Vol. 38, no 3-4, p. 302-313Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 1458.
    Trovalla, Ulrika
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Urban Dynamics.
    Haunted by Absent Others: Movements of Evil in a Nigerian City2015In: Encountering Evil: Anthropology in Everyday Africa / [ed] William C. Olsen & Walter E.A. van Beek, Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2015, p. 175-194Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 1459.
    Trovalla, Ulrika
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Urban Dynamics.
    Infrastructure becomes suprastructure2013In: Annual Report : 2012: Development Dilemmas, ISSN 1104-5256, Vol. 2012, p. 9-12Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 1460.
    Trovalla, Ulrika
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Urban Dynamics.
    Predicting an Uncertain Infrastructure2013In: Embassy Newsletter – Economic and Promotional News from West Africa, Vol. winterArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Recently, our research project ‘Infrastructure as Divination: Urban Life in the Postcolony’ received funding from the Swedish Research Council. This three-year project explores the often overlooked qualitative aspects of infrastructure, and focuses on how the inhabitants in the Nigerian city of Jos try to predict the comings and goings of the  infrastructure, as well as how they, through the infrastructure itself, try to predict the future of the city and the nation. Hence the word ‘divination’ in the title, which means ‘prediction,’ ‘prophecy,’ or ‘forecast.’

  • 1461.
    Trovalla, Ulrika
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Urban Dynamics.
    Trovalla, Eric
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Urban Dynamics.
    Infrastructure turned suprastructure: unpredictable materialities and visions of a Nigerian nation2015In: Journal of material culture, ISSN 1359-1835, E-ISSN 1460-3586, Vol. 20, no 1, p. 43-57Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There are signs hidden in the infrastructure. In the Nigerian city of Jos, the unpredictable availability of power, fuel, water, etc. becomes a vehicle of meaning. In many settings across the globe, infrastructure is often made invisible, and the centre stage that it takes in everyday life remains unrecognized. In Jos, however, as in many African cities, the constant need to predict its flows contradicts the prefix infra (below); rather than being hidden beneath the realm of experience it is brought to the surface as a puzzle to be figured out. These explorations in turn come to reveal matters beyond the infrastructure itself. Just as diviners infer the state of the world from the stones they have thrown, reading significance out of the seeming randomness of matter, the infrastructure turns intricate questions into tangible clues. It becomes a suprastructure - a divination tool giving clues about the past, present and future of the Nigerian nation.

  • 1462.
    Trovalla, Ulrika
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Urban Dynamics.
    Trovalla, Eric
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Urban Dynamics.
    Adetula, Victor
    University of Jos.
    Movement as Mediation: Envisioning a Divided Nigerian City2014In: Nordic Journal of African Studies, ISSN 1235-4481, E-ISSN 1459-9465, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 66-82Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Since its establishment in the beginning of the twentieth century, the inhabitants of the ethnically and religiously diverse Nigerian city of Jos have inhabited very different places and travelled along opposite trails – patterns that in recent years, with an escalation of violence, have gained new dimensions. By bringing people’s movements into focus, this article highlights how movement comes in different ways to mediate between people and a city in flux. Brought to light is how movement in several different modalities – fast, slow, in total arrest; clothed in Christian or Muslim attires; by car, on foot, or on horseback; assertive or explorative, in triumph as well as in fear – by mediating between people and the city, brings forth a metaphysical landscape that otherwise is hard to get hold of. In this vein, movement as a medium has become a form of ‘social envisioning’ – a tool for understanding and foretelling the city.

  • 1463.
    Trovalla, Ulrika
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Urban Dynamics.
    Trovalla, Erik
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Urban Dynamics.
    Suprastructure: A photo exhibition2013Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    The photo exhibition ’Suprastructure’ was first displayed at Museum Gustavianum in Uppsala between 17 November 2012 and 5 March 2013. It was digitally published in March 2013 as part of a research project entitled ‘Infrastructure as Divination: Urban Life in the Postcolony,’ financed by the Swedish Research Council. The scholars behind the exhibition, Ulrika and Erik Trovalla, are researchers in cultural anthropology and ethnology. They are based at the Nordic Africa Institute, Uppsala, and Uppsala University. Drawing on their photographs from the million city Jos in central Nigeria, they here give a glimpse of their research into the meanings of infrastructure in everyday life.

  • 1464.
    Tucker, Boima
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Musical Violence: Gangsta Rap and Politics in Sierra Leone2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Hip Hop has become a global force in recent years. However, when taken up by youth outside its American birthplace, it is often dismissed as a shallow adaptation or imitation of American popular culture. However, its global popularity cannot be questioned, and its proliferation is aided by its adaptability to local contexts. It has become associated with an emergent youth political identity in many parts of the world, a result of its ability to embody rebellious youth energy. Hip Hop is a new global lingua franca for youth rebellion that exists beyond the boundaries of the state, and is aided by the emergence of the internet and accompanying communications technologies. Analysis of the political ramifications of Hip Hop in West African societies is vital to gaining a true sense of what democracy means in the local context. This paper focuses on the West African country of Sierra Leone, and explores how youth participation in Hip Hop there is a radical political project.

  • 1465.
    Tvedten, Inge
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    The war in Angola: internal conditions for peace and recovery1989Report (Other academic)
  • 1466.
    Tvedten, Inge
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Hersoug, Bjørn
    Fishing for development: small-scale fisheries in Africa1992Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Small-scale or artisanal fishery is a neglected sector in research on African development, despite the fact that fishery is a vital source of protein and income for a large number of people and an important source of revenue for governments. In this volume research on artisanal fisheries has been pooled together in general themes and contributions based on research from Mozambique, Zambia, Angola, Tanzania and West Africa.

  • 1467.
    Tévoédjrè, Albert
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Africa and international co-operation: ILO in Africa1966Report (Other academic)
  • 1468.
    Udelsmann Rodrigues, Cristina
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Angola Since the Civil War: Ricardo Soares de Oliveira, Magnificent and Beggar Land: Angola Since the Civil War2017In: Journal of Southern African Studies, ISSN 0305-7070, E-ISSN 1465-3893, Vol. 43, no 5, p. 1112-1114Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 1469.
    Udelsmann Rodrigues, Cristina
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Changes to Urban Society in Angola: From Limited to Multi-Criteria Stratification2017In: African Studies Review, ISSN 0002-0206, E-ISSN 1555-2462, Vol. 60, no 2, p. 161-181Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the transformations to urban social stratification inAngola during the last decades. The analysis is centered on the indicators of socialdifference throughout these years: the racial criteria of the colonial times; the politicalprecedence in the first years after independence; and the multi-criteria of thepostwar period. Based on research conducted before and after the end of the civilwar in 2002, the article explores the construction and reconfiguration of urban societytoday, providing evidence of increased social mobility—despite the poverty anddeeper inequalities—and of the importance of economic and residential criteria.

  • 1470.
    Udelsmann Rodrigues, Cristina
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Configuring the living environment in mining areas in Angola: contestations between mining companies, workers, local communities and the state2017In: The Extractive Industries and Society, ISSN 2214-790X, E-ISSN 2214-7918, Vol. 4, no 4, p. 727-734Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 1471.
    Udelsmann Rodrigues, Cristina
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Migração, Movimento e Urbanização em Angola e Moçambique2018In: Desafios para Moçambique 2018 / [ed] Salvador Forquilha, Maputo: Instituto de Estudos Sociais e Económicos , 2018, p. 449-470Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 1472.
    Udelsmann Rodrigues, Cristina
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Nationalisms in Lusophone Africa2016In: Journal of Southern African Studies, ISSN 0305-7070, E-ISSN 1465-3893, Vol. 42, no 4, p. 793-795Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 1473.
    Udelsmann Rodrigues, Cristina
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    No walk in the park: Transboundary cooperation in the Angolan war-torn Okavango2017In: Environmental Practice, ISSN 1466-0466, Vol. 19, no 1, p. 4-15Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Okavango region is currently part of a transboundary project extending to three neighboringcountries—Angola, Namibia, and Botswana. This article discusses the unequal trajectory and presentconditions for such cross-border cooperation, with a particular focus on Angola. Angola’s disadvantageousposition is above all due to the lasting effects of war that adversely hindered the developmentof structures and resources to engage in such joint programs. The central argument is that theinequalities pose particular challenges to the country to accompany the pace of the neighboringcountries. The article looks at the fragilities focusing on institutional resources, Angolan policy background,existing dedicated institutions, and human resources, as they are major concerns for post-warreconstruction. On the other hand, it poses questions regarding resilience effects on local levellivelihoods and on the future environmental management of the Okavango. This article is based ona literature and documental review and on data from fieldwork where local communities have to relymore heavily on the available natural resources in absence of others.

  • 1474.
    Udelsmann Rodrigues, Cristina
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Organization and Representation of Informal Workers in São Tomé and Príncipe: State Agency and Sectoral Informal Alternatives2017In: African Studies Quarterly: The Online Journal of African Studies, ISSN 1093-2658, ISSN 2152-2448, no 2, p. 1-22Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In São Tomé and Príncipe, both the size of the informal economy and the scope of the mechanisms of organization and representation are little known. A research conducted recently showed that the almost always limited and irregular incomes generated in this sector are also associated with precarity and a lack of social protection mechanisms. While initiatives led by the state and supported by international funders positioned unions as privileged organizations for representing and supporting the workers in this sector, the limited results generated opportunities for the creation of sectoral bottom-up initiatives. The discussion is then focused on the areas addressed by the initiatives of specific sectors and types of activity – taxi and motorbike drivers and money exchangers – comparing the outcomes with those of the unions in terms of increased social protection and representation.   

  • 1475.
    Udelsmann Rodrigues, Cristina
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Precarity in Angolan diamond mining towns, 1920–2014: tracing agency of the state, mining companies and urban households2018In: Journal of Modern African Studies, ISSN 0022-278X, E-ISSN 1469-7777, Vol. 56, no 1, p. 113-141Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    After nearly 30 years of civil war, Angola gained peace in 2002. The country’s diamond and oil wealth affords the national government the means to pursue economic reconstruction and urban development. However, in the diamond-producing region of Lunda Sul, where intense fighting between MPLA and UNITA forces was waged, the legacy of war lingers on in the form of livelihood uncertainty and uneven access to the benefits of the state’s urban development programmes. There are three main interactive agents of urban change: the Angolan state, the mining corporations, and not least urban residents. The period has been one of shifting alignments of responsibility for urban housing, livelihoods and welfare provisioning. Beyond the pressures of post-war adjustment, the wider context of global capital investment and labour market restructuring has introduced a new surge of corporate mining investment and differentiated patterns of prosperity and precarity in Lunda Sul.

  • 1476.
    Udelsmann Rodrigues, Cristina
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Private condominiums in Luanda: more than just the safety of walls, a new way of living2018In: Social Dynamics, ISSN 0253-3952, E-ISSN 1940-7874, Vol. 44, no 2, p. 341-358Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Since its independence in 1975, Angola’s capital Luanda has beengoing through deep processes of demographic, economic, socialand physical transformations. In this article, apart from introducing the case study of private condominiums in the general discussion on urban studies in the Global South, we focus on the dynamics of transformations regarding housing for the mid/upper strata, providing the background for the emergence and recent expansion ofgated communities/condominiums, a phenomenon that has acquired major importance in the recent decades in Luanda. The specialised literature relates the demand for and multiplication of these residential structures in Africa with issues such as the search for safety associated with demonstrations of exclusive lifestyles. In the case of Luanda, the authors found––through a case study and qualitative data collected among residents and non-residents of condominiums––that, contrary to the results from other studies, condominiums in Luanda are essentially sought after primarily for functional reasons such as access to infrastructure and better living.

  • 1477.
    Udelsmann Rodrigues, Cristina
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Renovações da Polícia em Angola: cooperação e formação internacional2017In: Politeia : Revista do Instituto Superior de Ciências Policiais e Segurança Interna, ISSN 1640-0367, Vol. X-XII, p. 87-109Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The training of Angolan police officers under various international cooperation programs contributes to the construction of an original policing model in the country. The end of the war, the creation of training facilities in the country and the development of public policies favourable to the development of the national police lead to the renewal of the sector based on a model in a way hybrid as a result of various influences progressively built over the years. This article analyses these changes based on data collected in Angola as part of a wider research about the context of international cooperation in the area of training ofpolice officers.

  • 1478.
    Udelsmann Rodrigues, Cristina
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Strategies of Urban Inclusion in the Imagined Modern Luanda2016In: Governing Urban Africa / [ed] Carlos Nunes Silva, London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2016, p. 191-211Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Luanda, the capital of Angola, has recently been subjected to extraordinary changes, supported by increased wealth and investments associated with the end of the war. The ideas of modernity that clearly stand out are deeply rooted in the city’s configuration and reconfiguration over the years. They inform not only the modernising perspectives and philosophy of policymakers and investors but also those of the urban dwellers. Often, however, the imagined modernity and its benefits do not match the lived realities. This chapter makes reference to the evolution of the city, emphasising the differences between main periods and identifying the underlining strategies in terms of inclusions and exclusions. The conclusions presented, based on empirical and documentary research, point to shifting strategies of urban inclusion and changing categories of the excluded.

  • 1479.
    Udelsmann Rodrigues, Cristina
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    The Kwanhama partitioned by the border and the Angolan perspective of cross-border identity2017In: African Studies, ISSN 0002-0184, E-ISSN 1469-2872, Vol. 76, no 3, p. 423-443Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Kwanhama, whose ancient kingdom occupies a vast area in Angola and in Namibia, are one of the African cases of people partitioned by the establishment of colonial borders. This division, along with the profound transformations of the last decades in the region – war, displacement and conditioned circulation – shaped the way a common identity has acquired different features in both countries. In the (under-researched) Angolan side, cross-border identity has progressively concentrated on the idea of a split between the two countries, as the Kwanhama king, Mandume, is believed to be buried on both sides of the border; and at the same time on the notion of a common belonging across the border. Based on data collected through fieldwork interviews in the Cunene province in Angola, this article adds to the discussion of the apparently ambiguous ideas of partitioned and shared notions of belonging.

  • 1480.
    Udelsmann Rodrigues, Cristina
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    The Portuguesinhos: Experiences of Return and Reintegration of Angolan Police Commissioned Officers Who Studied in Portugal2016In: Journal of Global Initiatives: Policy, Pedagogy, Perspective, ISSN 1930-3009, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 77-98, article id 9Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyses individual pathways of Angolan commissioned officers educated in Portugal, focusing specifically on their return to their country of origin and on the features of their reintegration into professional life. It aims at contributing to the discussion of mobility and migration, discussing issues of qualification and circulation of ‘brains’ between developed and developing countries. The analysis is based on quantitative and qualitative data obtained by conducting field research. It calls for the elaboration of strategies to deal simultaneously with the individual, the organisational and the societal conditions and consequently provides an important viewpoint of the processes of transformation of the Angolan society and institutions.

  • 1481.
    Udelsmann Rodrigues, Cristina
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Urban Modernity versus the Blood Diamond Legacy: Angola’s Urban Mining Settlements in the Aftermath of War2017In: Journal of Southern African Studies, ISSN 0305-7070, E-ISSN 1465-3893, Vol. 43, no 6, p. 1215-1234Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    For most of the latter half of the 20th century, war carved the contours of settlement and mining activity in Angola. The aim of this article is twofold: first, to contrast migrant andurban livelihoods during the war, distinguishing between artisanal guerrilla diamond-diggingsettlements and the refuge ‘government cities’, and, secondly, to compare recent patternsof migration, livelihoods, mineral production and aspirations among urban residents. This article focuses on four urban settlements in the Lundas’ diamond-producing provinces, tracing wartime diamond growth in boom towns and cantonment in government cities. Post-war urban regeneration is characterised by investment in formal planned cities, and constraints on the informal mining boom towns and their garimpo artisanal miners. Questions are posed regarding these settlements’ population movements, livelihoods, residents’ conceptions of urban life and their quest for modernity. Amidst the multiplicity of wartime legacies and the envisaged reconstruction, renewed perceptions of urban life are increasingly focused on non-mining livelihoods.

  • 1482.
    Udelsmann Rodrigues, Cristina
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Urban Dynamics.
    Frias, Sónia
    University of Lisbon.
    Between the City Lights and the Shade of Exclusion: Post-war accelerated urban transformation of Luanda, Angola2015In: Urban Forum, ISSN 1015-3802, E-ISSN 1874-6330Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With nearly five centuries of history and major war-related impacts in the second half of the twentieth century, Luanda has recently been subject to outstanding changes that make the capital of Angola an important urban case study for Africa. Today, the city is not only an evident materialization of the oil wealth being channelled into reconstruction after decades of civil war, but also reflects and translates the diverse perspectives of its residents and policy makers regarding the city and urban life. As it is reconfigured, it also transforms the mentalities and daily lives of urban dwellers and policy stakeholders, reinforcing the idea of improvement and modernity. In order to better understand the processes of physical and social change that have taken place within the city and the intertwined logics, this article makes reference to three distinct key stages of its history, pointing out their main features and the transformations that have occurred: the colonial period of sociospatial dualization (1576-1974), the period between independence and the last peace agreement (1975-2002) of profound and extensive urban mixture, and the post-war period (2002-present) marked by accelerated sociospatial reconfigurations. More specifically, it analyses the very recent urban phenomena, the urban plans and new urban features, discussing the correlations between physical transformations and the rationalities and perspectives that accompany them, both of the urban planners and of the urban dwellers, discussing the implications in terms of new inclusions and exclusions in the city.

  • 1483.
    Ukiwo, Ukoha
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Causes and cures of oil-related Niger Delta conflicts2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Nigeria’s political and economic fortunes and the country’s ability to play a stabilizing role in the African region partly depend on the resolution of the lingering Niger Delta conflict. The Niger Delta covers nine out of 36 states and 185 out of 774 local government areas of the Nigerian federation. It occupies a total land area of 75,000 square kilometers and is the world’s third largest wetlands. The 2006 Nigerian population census shows that 30 million out of the country’s 140 million people reside in the Niger Delta region. Nearly all of Nigeria’s oil and gas reserves are located in the region. Oil and gas have accounted for about 40 per cent of Nigeria’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) since 1990. Between 2000 and 2004, oil and gas accounted for 75 per cent of total government revenues and 97 per cent of foreign exchange. Apart from being vital to Nigeria’s fiscal viability, the Niger Delta is important to global energy security.

  • 1484.
    Ukiwo, Ukoha
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Les causes et les remèdes des conflits pétroliers du Delta du Niger2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [fr]

    Les fortunes économique et politique du Nigéria, et la capacité du pays à jouer un rôle stabilisant dans la région africaine, dépendent de la résolution du conflit qui persiste dans la zone du delta du Niger. Le delta couvre neuf états, sur un total de 36, et 185 des 774 gouvernements locaux de la fédération nigériane. Il occupe une étendue totale de 75,000 mètres carrés et constitue la troisième plus grande zone humide de la terre. Le recensement Nigérien de 2006 montreque 30 million d’habitants, sur une population total de 185 million, résident dans la région du delta du Niger. La quasi-totalité des réseaux de gaz et de pétrole du Nigéria sont situés dans la région. Depuis 1990, le pétrole et le gaz représentent environ 40% du produit intérieur brut (PIB). Entre 2000 et 2004, ces deux industries ont engendré 75% des revenus totales du gouvernement, et ont généré 97% des échanges commerciaux. En plus d´être essentiel à la viabilité financière du Nigéria, le delta du Niger est important pour la sécurité énergétique mondiale.

  • 1485.
    Ukiwo, Ukoha
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    The Nigerian state, oil and the Niger Delta crisis2011In: Oil and Insurgency in the Niger Delta: Managing the Complex Politics of Petroviolence / [ed] Cyril I. Obi & Siri Aas Rustad, London; Uppsala: Zed Books; Nordiska Afrikainstitutet , 2011, p. 17-27Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The recent escalation in the violent conflict in the Niger Delta has brought the region to the forefront of international energy and security concerns. This book analyses the causes, dynamics and politics underpinning oil-related violence in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria. It focuses on the drivers of the conflict, as well as the ways the crises spawned by the political economy of oil and contradictions within Nigeria's ethnic politics have contributed to the morphing of initially poorly coordinated, largely non-violent protests into a pan-Delta insurgency. Approaching the issue from a number of perspectives, the book offers the most up-to-date and comprehensive analysis available of the varied dimensions of the conflict. Combining empirically-based and analytic chapters, it attempts to explain the causes of the escalation in violence, the various actors, levels and dynamics involved, and the policy challenges faced with regard to conflict management/resolution and the options for peace. It also examines the role of oil as a commodity of global strategic significance, addressing the relationship between oil, energy security and development in the Niger Delta.

  • 1486.
    Utas, Mats
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Urban Dynamics. The Nordic Africa Institute, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Abject heroes: marginalised youth, modernity and violent pathways of the Liberian Civil War2008In: Years of Conflict: Adolescence, Political Violence and Displacement / [ed] Jason Hart, Oxford: Berghahn Books , 2008, p. 111-138Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 1487.
    Utas, Mats
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    African conflicts and Informal Power: Big Men and Networks2012Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Through a variety of indepth case studies – from DRC to Somalia to Liberia amongst others – this book shows how important informal political and economic networks are in many of the continent’s  conflict areas.

  • 1488.
    Utas, Mats
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation. The Nordic Africa Institute, Urban Dynamics.
    Agency of Victims: young women's survival strategies in the Liberian Civil War2005In: Makers and Breakers: Children and Youth as Emerging Categories in Postcolonial Africa / [ed] Alcinda Honwana and Filip de Boeck, Oxford: James Currey , 2005Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1489.
    Utas, Mats
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation. The Nordic Africa Institute, Urban Dynamics.
    Assiduous exile: strategies of work and integration among Liberian refugees in Danane, Ivory Coast2004In: Liberian Studies Journal, Vol. 29, no 2, p. 33-58Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 1490.
    Utas, Mats
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Book review of: Christine Ryan, Children of war: child soldiers as victims and participants in the Sudan civil war2013In: Journal of Modern African Studies, ISSN 0022-278X, E-ISSN 1469-7777, Vol. 51, no 2, p. 367-369Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 1491.
    Utas, Mats
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation. The Nordic Africa Institute, Urban Dynamics.
    Building a future? The reintegration and re-marginalisation of youth in Liberia2005In: No Peace, no war: an anthropology of contemporary armed conflicts / [ed] Paul Richards, Oxford and Athens: James Currey and Ohio University Press , 2005Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 1492.
    Utas, Mats
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Danny Hoffman, The War Machines: Young Men and Violence in Sierra Leone and Liberia2012In: Anthropological Quarterly, ISSN 0003-5491, E-ISSN 1534-1518, Vol. 85, no 2, p. 581-586Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 1493.
    Utas, Mats
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Urban Dynamics. The Nordic Africa Institute, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Debating mercenary anthropology: maintaining scholarly ignorance or new engagement with the global warscape2009In: Africa : politics and societies south of the SaharaArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 1494.
    Utas, Mats
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation. The Nordic Africa Institute, Urban Dynamics.
    Der Staat als Feind2006In: Der Überblick, Vol. 42, no 3, p. 6-9Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 1495.
    Utas, Mats
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Diamanter är för evigt - men Sierra Leonsk ungdom är utbytbar2007Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 1496.
    Utas, Mats
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    En gång general, alltid general: krigen tar slut men militära befälsstrukturer består2013In: Internationella Studier, ISSN 0020-952X, no 4, p. 51-52Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 1497.
    Utas, Mats
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation. The Nordic Africa Institute, Urban Dynamics.
    Fighting (in) the badlands of modernity: youth combatants in the Liberian Civil War2007In: Journal of Social Sciences and Management, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 37-43Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 1498.
    Utas, Mats
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation. The Nordic Africa Institute, Urban Dynamics.
    Fluid research fields: studying excombatant youth in the aftermath of the Liberian Civil War2004In: Children and youth on the front line: ethnography, armed conflict and displacement / [ed] Jo Boyden and Joanna de Berry, Oxford: Berghahn Books , 2004Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1499.
    Utas, Mats
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation. The Nordic Africa Institute, Urban Dynamics.
    Freetown: Berättelser från den osynliga staden2007In: Den Ny Verden, ISSN 0029-6775, Vol. 40, no 2, p. 27-37Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 1500.
    Utas, Mats
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Ground zero: Revival of Democratic Mali? 2013Other (Other academic)
27282930313233 1451 - 1500 of 1653
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