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  • 151.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Inter-state Conflicts in the Horn of Africa: Ethiopia, Eritrea and Djibouti2011In: Horn of Africa Journal, Vol. 2, p. 1-6Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 152.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Introduction: Challenges of State Building, State Reconstruction and National Identity Reconfiguration2017In: State Building and National Identity Reconstruction in the Horn of Africa / [ed] Redie Bereketeab, Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan, 2017, 1, p. 3-21Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 153.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Introduction: understanding national liberation movements2017In: National Liberation Movements as Governments in Africa, New York: Routledge, 2017, 1, p. 3-16Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 154.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Les Defis de la Construction del l'Etat au Sud-Soudan2013In: Afrique Contemporaine, ISSN 0002-0478, Vol. 246, p. 35-52Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 155.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    National Liberation Movements as Government in Africa2017Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 156.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Perilous Dualism: language, religion and identity in polyethnic Eritrea2004In: Rights and the Politics of Recognition in Africa / [ed] Harri Englud and Francis B Nyamnjoh, London and New York: Zed Books , 2004, first, p. 219-236Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 157.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Post-Liberation State Building in South Sudan: Potentials and Challenges2014In: Journal of African Foreign Affairs, ISSN 2056-564x, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 25-60Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper seeks to examine the post-liberation state building endeavour in South Sudan. Two civil wars stretching over more than five decades in quest for self-determination resulted in the secession of South Sudan. A negotiated settlement formalised in the Comprehensive Peace Agreement signed between the ruling National Congress Party and Sudan people's Liberation Movement in 2005 offered South Sudan the possibility to determine it destiny through popular plebiscite. When the plebiscite took place in January 2011, south Sudanese voted overwhelmingly for secession. On 9 July 2011 South Sudan was declared sovereign state that paved the way for the arduous process of state building. The nascent state was however born into serious problems. This article seeks to analyse the problems and enablement the nascent state encounters.

  • 158.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Post-Secession State-Building and Reconstruction: Somaliland, Somalia, South Sudan and Sudan2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    State-building refers to the processes undertaken by new states, while reconstitution refers to the rearrangement of an existing state following either secession or collapse. Somaliland and South Sudan are involved in process of state-building, while Sudan and Somalia are engaged in state reconstitution. Three distinctive models of state-building are taking place in the four countries. This Policy Note analyses the interlinked yet distinct process of state building.

  • 159.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Problems of Transition to Civic Governance in Eritrea2017In: National Liberation Movements as Government in Africa, New York: Routledge, 2017, p. 158-171Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 160.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Re-conceptualising Identity, Citizenship and Regional Integration in the Greater Horn Region2012In: Regional Integration, Identity and Citizenship in the Greater Horn of Africa / [ed] Redie Bereketeab and Kidane Mengisteab, Woodbridge: James Currey Publishers, 2012, p. 25-49Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Greater Horn of Africa (GHA) is engulfed by three interrelated crises: various inter-state wars, civil wars, and inter-communal conflicts; an economic crisis manifested in widespread debilitating poverty, chronic food insecurity and famines; and environmental degradation that is ravaging the region. While it is apparent that the countries of the region are unlikely to be able to deal with the crises individually, there is consensus that their chances of doing so improve markedly with collective regional action. The contributors to this volume address the need for regional integration in the GHA. They identify those factors that can foster integration, such as the proper management of equitable citizenship rights, as well as examining those that impede it, including the region's largely ineffective integration scheme, IGAD, and explore how the former can be strengthened and the latter transformed; explain how regional integration can mitigate the conflicts; and examine how integration can help to energise the region's economy.

  • 161.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Redefining National Identity and Nation-Building in Post-secession Sudans: Civic and Ethnic Models2014In: Studies in Ethnicity and Nationalism, ISSN 1473-8481, E-ISSN 1754-9469, Vol. 14, no 2, p. 302-318Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 162.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Re-examining Local Governance in Eritrea: The Redrawing of Administration Regions2012In: African and Asian Studies, ISSN 1569-2094, E-ISSN 1569-2108, Vol. 11, no 1-2, p. 1-29Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 163.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Regional economic communities and peacebuilding: The IGAD Experience2019In: South African Journal of International Affairs, ISSN 1022-0461, E-ISSN 1938-0275, Vol. 26, no 1, p. 137-156Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 164.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Rethinking State-Building in the Horn of Africa: Challenges of Striking a Balance between Traditional and Modern Institutions2011In: African Studies, ISSN 0002-0184, E-ISSN 1469-2872, African Studies, ISSN 1469-2872, Vol. 70, no 3, p. 376-392Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 165.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Revisiting The Eritrean National Liberation Movement, 1960-19612016Book (Refereed)
  • 166.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Self-determination and secession: A 21st Century Challenge to the Post-colonial State in Africa2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Two approaches have characterised analysis of the postcolonial state in Africa. One emphasises the territorial integrity of the postcolonial state, with inherited colonial borders being viewed as sacrosanct and state-centred rights being given primacy. The other questions the sacrosanctity of colonial borders and seeks to promote the primacy of people-centred rights. The increasing frequency in recent years of quests for self-determination and secession in Africa poses an existential challenge to the postcolonial state on that continent. This Policy Note addresses this emerging trend.

  • 167.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Self-determination and Secession: African Challenges2014In: Self-determination and secession in Africa: the post-colonial state / [ed] Redie Bereketeab, London ; New York: Routledge, 2014, 1, p. 3-19Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 168.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Self-Determination and Secessionism in Somaliland and South Sudan: Challenges to Postcolonial State-building2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyses the notion of self-determination and secession by adopting acomparative perspective on two case studies, namely Somaliland and South Sudan. Somaliland declared its independence in 1991 following the collapse of the Somali state. Since then, Somaliland has been making relentless efforts to secure recognition from the international community. South Sudan successfully negotiated the right to exerciseself-determination, a right that was formalised in the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) signed between the ruling National Congress Party (NCP) and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM). The people of South Sudan held a referendum and voted overwhelmingly for secession, with formal independence being achieved on 9 July 2011. International law may better qualify Somaliland for statehood than South Sudan for three reasons: (i) it was created by colonialism, (ii) it has already been recognised, albeit only for a few days, as an independent state in 1960, and (iii) it has proven to be stable, functional and relatively democratic. Yet Somaliland has failed to achieve international recognition. This paper interrogates this discrepancy. It concludes that the existence of a partner ready to accept the right of self-determination, and geostrategic concerns about security as well a seconomic and political interests, determine international recognition.

  • 169.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    State Building and National Identity Reconstruction in the Horn of Africa2017Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 170.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    State Building and National Identity Reconstruction in the Horn of Africa2017Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 171.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    State Building-Peace Building Nexus: The Horn of Africa2015In: The Algerian Journal of Political Sciences and International Relations, ISSN 1111-2115, no 4Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 172.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    State Crisis, Conflicts and International Intervention in the Horn of Africa2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 173.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    State-building, Conflict and Global War in the Horn of Africa2013In: Bondage of Boundaries and Identity Politics in Postcolonial Africa: The 'Northern Problem' and Ethno-Futures / [ed] Sabelo J. Ndlovu-Gatsheni & Brilliant Mhlanga, Pretoria: Africa Institute of South Africa (AISA), 2013, p. 61-78Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 174.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    State-Building in Post-Liberation Eritrea: Challenges, Achievements and Potentials2009 (ed. first)Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 175.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    State-Building Project of Peace Building in the Horn of Africa2008In: Post Conflict Peace-Building in the Horn of Africa / [ed] Ulf Johansson Dahre, Lund: Lund University , 2008, first, p. 37-53Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 176.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Supra-Ethnic Nationalism: The case of Eritrea2002In: African Sociological Review, ISSN 1027-4332, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 137-152Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 177.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Challenges of Reconstitution of National Identity in the Sudans2012Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
  • 178.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Challenges of Regional Integration in the Horn of Africa2014In: Journal of US-China Public Administration, ISSN 1548-6591, E-ISSN 1935-9691, Vol. 11, no 5, p. 401-414Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 179.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    The Collapse of IGAD Peace Mediation in the Current South Sudan Civil War: When National Interest Dictates Peace Mediation2017In: Journal of African Foreign Affairs, ISSN 2056-564X, Vol. 4, no 1 & 2, p. 67-84Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 180.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Complex Roots of the Second Eritrea-Ethiopia War: Re-examining the Causes2010In: African Journal of International Affairs, ISSN 0850–7902, Vol. 13, no 1-2, p. 15-59Article, review/survey (Refereed)
  • 181.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Eritrea-Ethiopia Conflict and the Algiers Agreement: Eritrea's road to isolation2009In: Eritrea's External Relations: Understanding its regional role and foreign policy / [ed] Richard Reid, London: Chatham House , 2009, 1, p. 98-130Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 182.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Eritrean Diaspora: Myth and Reality2007In: The Role of Diasporas in Peace, Democracy and Development in the Horn of Africa / [ed] Ulf Johansson, Lund: Lund University , 2007, firstChapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 183.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    The Ethiopia-Eritrea Rapprochment: Peace and Stability in the Horn of Africa2019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The recent rapprochement between Ethiopia and Eritrea has fundamentally reshaped the relationship between the two countries. The impact of the resolution of the Ethiopia-Eritrea conflict goes beyond the borders of the two countries, and has indeed brought fundamental change to the region. Full diplomatic relations have been restored between Eritrea and Somalia; and the leaders of Eritrea and Djibouti have met in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. The central question the book attempts to address is: what factors led to the resolution of a festering conflict? The book explains and analyses the rapprochement, which it argues was made possible by the maturing of objective and subjective conditions in Ethiopia and by the trust factor in Eritrea.

  • 184.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Ethnic and Civic Basis of Citizenship in the Horn of Africa2009In: Faith, Citizenship, Democracy and Peace in the Horn of Africa / [ed] Sthlm Policy Group, Lund: Lund University , 2009, first, p. 131-148Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 185.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Ethnic and Civic Foundations of Citizenship and Identity in the Horn of Africa2011In: Studies in Ethnicity and Nationalism, ISSN 1473-8481, E-ISSN 1754-9469, Studies in Ethnicity and Nationalism, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 63-81Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 186.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The hopes and worries of a newborn state2012In: Annual Report : 2011: Africa's changing societies: reform from below, ISSN 1104-5256, p. 8-9Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 187.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Horn of Africa: Intra-State and Inter-State Conflicts and Security2013Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Horn of Africa, comprising Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Sudan and Somalia, is the most conflict-ridden region in Africa. This book explores the origins and impact of these conflicts at both an intra-state and inter-state level and the insecurity they create. The contributors show how regional and international interventions have compounded pre-existing tensions and have been driven by competing national interests linked to Western intervention and acts of piracy off the coast of Somalia. This book outlines proposals for multidimensional mechanisms for conflict resolution in the region. Issues of border demarcation, democratic deficit, crises of nation and state building, and the roles of political actors and traditional authorities are all clearly analysed.

  • 188.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Horn of Africa: Intra-State and Inter-State Conflicts and Security2013 (ed. 1)Book (Refereed)
  • 189.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    The Intergovernmental Authority on Development: Internal Culture of Foreign Policymaking and Sources of Weaknesses2018In: African Foreign Policies in International Institutions / [ed] Jason Warner, Timothy M. Shaw, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2018, p. 113-125Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 190.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    The Interplay between National, Regional and International Dynamics in the Production of Conflicts in the Horn of Africa2016In: Journal of Oromo studies, ISSN 1070-2202, Vol. 22, no 1, p. 53-73Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 191.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Morality of the U.N. Security Council Sanctions agaist Eritrea: Defensibility, Political Objectives, and Consequences2013In: African Studies Review, ISSN 0002-0206, E-ISSN 1555-2462, Vol. 56, no 2, p. 145--161Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 192.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Politics of Language in Eritrea: Equality of languages vs. bilingual official language policy2010In: Journal of Asian and African Studies, ISSN 0021-9096, E-ISSN 1745-2538, African and Asian Studies, Vol. 9, no 1-2, p. 149-190Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article analyzes the discourse of politics of language in Eritrea. It argues that the language debate in Eritrea over equality of languages and bilingual official langauge policy is more about power relations than about language per se. It relates to politics of identity that derives from the construction of two identity formations as understood by political elites. Equality of languages is based on ethnic identity, whereas official language is based on the construction of supra-ethnic civic identity. According to the constructivist bilingual official language Arabic and Tigrinya are supposed to represent two different socio-cultural identity formation, notably, Islam-Arabic  and Christian-Tigrinya. Consequently, the official language policy debate could be construed to derive from politics of power relation where two groups of elites supposedly representing the two identity formations are engaged in power competition reflecting real or imaginary socio-cultural cleavage of respective identity. In this sense the bilingual official language is designed to create social equilibrium wherein it is supposed that power would equitably distributed between two rival elite groups.

  • 193.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    The Role of the International Community in the Eritrean Refugee Crisis2017In: Geopolitics, History, and International Relations, ISSN 1948-9145, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 68-82Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the role of the international community in the Eritrean refugee crisis. It critically analyses the international community's, as represented by UN, AU, EU and US, failure to fulfill its obligation. The UN, OAU, EU and US were witnesses and guarantors of the Algiers Agreement. As such, they assumed responsibility of making sure of the implementation of the Ethiopia-Eritrea Border Commission Verdict. The Algiers Agreement empowered the guarantors to invoke UN Chapter VII, if one or both of the parties violates its commitment. Fourteen years later the EEBC Verdict is awaiting implementation with immense consequence to Eritrea. Deriving from text analysis and drawing on previous research I argue in this article that the international community by failing to fulfill its legal obligation contributed to the current Eritrean refugee crisis. It is the contention of this article only the unconditional implementation of the boundary commission that brings peace and stability to the region that would stem the flow of the refugees.

  • 194.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    When Success Becomes a Liability: Challenges of State Buidling in Eritrea (1991-2005)2007In: African and Asian Studies, Vol. 6, no 4, p. 395-430Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 195.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Why South Sudan conflict is proving intractable: Ugandan forces and lack of international commitment two reasons2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In December 2013 war broke out in South Sudan as a result of the power struggle between President Salva Kiir and the ex-vice president Riek Machar. Violence from both sides led to massacres and millions of displaced persons. Agreements to end hostilities have so far been violated. A sustainable peace calls for Ugandan forces to leave South Sudan. The political parties have to reform and be a part of national reconciliation instead of fighting one another.

  • 196.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Mengisteab, Kidane
    Regional Integration, Identity and Citizenship in the Greater Horn of Africa2012Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Greater Horn of Africa (GHA) is engulfed by three interrelated crises: various inter-state wars, civil wars, and inter-communal conflicts; an economic crisis manifested in widespread debilitating poverty, chronic food insecurity and famines; and environmental degradation that is ravaging the region. While it is apparent that the countries of the region are unlikely to be able to deal with the crises individually, there is consensus that their chances of doing so improve markedly with collective regional action. The contributors to this volume address the need for regional integration in the GHA. They identify those factors that can foster integration, such as the proper management of equitable citizenship rights, as well as examining those that impede it, including the region's largely ineffective integration scheme, IGAD, and explore how the former can be strengthened and the latter transformed; explain how regional integration can mitigate the conflicts; and examine how integration can help to energise the region's economy.

  • 197.
    Berg, Bengt Åke
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Ekström, Tord
    Afrikas industrialisering1966Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 198.
    Berger, Amelie
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Twice humanity: implications for local and global resource use1998Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This book is the result of the conference "Twice Humanity - Implications for local and global resource use", and consists of select papers which all contribute to the discussion of sustainable development in relation to the growing population and the unbalanced use of resources which will limit our future way of life.

  • 199.
    Berglund, Brita
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Gambia1975 (ed. 3)Book (Other academic)
  • 200. Bernander, Elisabeth
    Swahili1964Book (Other academic)
1234567 151 - 200 of 1650
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