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  • 151.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Perilous Dualism: language, religion and identity in polyethnic Eritrea2004Inngår i: Rights and the Politics of Recognition in Africa / [ed] Harri Englud and Francis B Nyamnjoh, London and New York: Zed Books , 2004, first, s. 219-236Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 152.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Post-Liberation State Building in South Sudan: Potentials and Challenges2014Inngår i: Journal of African Foreign Affairs, ISSN 2056-564x, Vol. 1, nr 1, s. 25-60Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper seeks to examine the post-liberation state building endeavour in South Sudan. Two civil wars stretching over more than five decades in quest for self-determination resulted in the secession of South Sudan. A negotiated settlement formalised in the Comprehensive Peace Agreement signed between the ruling National Congress Party and Sudan people's Liberation Movement in 2005 offered South Sudan the possibility to determine it destiny through popular plebiscite. When the plebiscite took place in January 2011, south Sudanese voted overwhelmingly for secession. On 9 July 2011 South Sudan was declared sovereign state that paved the way for the arduous process of state building. The nascent state was however born into serious problems. This article seeks to analyse the problems and enablement the nascent state encounters.

  • 153.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Post-Secession State-Building and Reconstruction: Somaliland, Somalia, South Sudan and Sudan2013Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    State-building refers to the processes undertaken by new states, while reconstitution refers to the rearrangement of an existing state following either secession or collapse. Somaliland and South Sudan are involved in process of state-building, while Sudan and Somalia are engaged in state reconstitution. Three distinctive models of state-building are taking place in the four countries. This Policy Note analyses the interlinked yet distinct process of state building.

  • 154.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Problems of Transition to Civic Governance in Eritrea2017Inngår i: National Liberation Movements as Government in Africa, New York: Routledge, 2017, s. 158-171Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 155.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Re-conceptualising Identity, Citizenship and Regional Integration in the Greater Horn Region2012Inngår i: Regional Integration, Identity and Citizenship in the Greater Horn of Africa / [ed] Redie Bereketeab and Kidane Mengisteab, Woodbridge: James Currey Publishers, 2012, s. 25-49Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The Greater Horn of Africa (GHA) is engulfed by three interrelated crises: various inter-state wars, civil wars, and inter-communal conflicts; an economic crisis manifested in widespread debilitating poverty, chronic food insecurity and famines; and environmental degradation that is ravaging the region. While it is apparent that the countries of the region are unlikely to be able to deal with the crises individually, there is consensus that their chances of doing so improve markedly with collective regional action. The contributors to this volume address the need for regional integration in the GHA. They identify those factors that can foster integration, such as the proper management of equitable citizenship rights, as well as examining those that impede it, including the region's largely ineffective integration scheme, IGAD, and explore how the former can be strengthened and the latter transformed; explain how regional integration can mitigate the conflicts; and examine how integration can help to energise the region's economy.

  • 156.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Redefining National Identity and Nation-Building in Post-secession Sudans: Civic and Ethnic Models2014Inngår i: Studies in Ethnicity and Nationalism, ISSN 1473-8481, E-ISSN 1754-9469, Vol. 14, nr 2, s. 302-318Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 157.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Re-examining Local Governance in Eritrea: The Redrawing of Administration Regions2012Inngår i: African and Asian Studies, ISSN 1569-2094, E-ISSN 1569-2108, Vol. 11, nr 1-2, s. 1-29Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 158.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Regional economic communities and peacebuilding: The IGAD Experience2019Inngår i: South African Journal of International Affairs, ISSN 1022-0461, E-ISSN 1938-0275, Vol. 26, nr 1, s. 137-156Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 159.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Rethinking State-Building in the Horn of Africa: Challenges of Striking a Balance between Traditional and Modern Institutions2011Inngår i: African Studies, ISSN 0002-0184, E-ISSN 1469-2872, African Studies, ISSN 1469-2872, Vol. 70, nr 3, s. 376-392Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 160.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Revisiting The Eritrean National Liberation Movement, 1960-19612016Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 161.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Secessionism in AfricanPolitics: Aspiration, Grievance, Performance,Disenchantment2019Inngår i: South African Journal of International Affairs, ISSN 1022-0461, E-ISSN 1938-0275, Vol. 26, nr 3Artikkel, omtale (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 162.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Self-determination and secession: A 21st Century Challenge to the Post-colonial State in Africa2012Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Two approaches have characterised analysis of the postcolonial state in Africa. One emphasises the territorial integrity of the postcolonial state, with inherited colonial borders being viewed as sacrosanct and state-centred rights being given primacy. The other questions the sacrosanctity of colonial borders and seeks to promote the primacy of people-centred rights. The increasing frequency in recent years of quests for self-determination and secession in Africa poses an existential challenge to the postcolonial state on that continent. This Policy Note addresses this emerging trend.

  • 163.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Self-determination and Secession: African Challenges2014Inngår i: Self-determination and secession in Africa: the post-colonial state / [ed] Redie Bereketeab, London ; New York: Routledge, 2014, 1, s. 3-19Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 164.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Self-Determination and Secessionism in Somaliland and South Sudan: Challenges to Postcolonial State-building2012Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyses the notion of self-determination and secession by adopting acomparative perspective on two case studies, namely Somaliland and South Sudan. Somaliland declared its independence in 1991 following the collapse of the Somali state. Since then, Somaliland has been making relentless efforts to secure recognition from the international community. South Sudan successfully negotiated the right to exerciseself-determination, a right that was formalised in the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) signed between the ruling National Congress Party (NCP) and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM). The people of South Sudan held a referendum and voted overwhelmingly for secession, with formal independence being achieved on 9 July 2011. International law may better qualify Somaliland for statehood than South Sudan for three reasons: (i) it was created by colonialism, (ii) it has already been recognised, albeit only for a few days, as an independent state in 1960, and (iii) it has proven to be stable, functional and relatively democratic. Yet Somaliland has failed to achieve international recognition. This paper interrogates this discrepancy. It concludes that the existence of a partner ready to accept the right of self-determination, and geostrategic concerns about security as well a seconomic and political interests, determine international recognition.

  • 165.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    State Building and National Identity Reconstruction in the Horn of Africa2017Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 166.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    State Building and National Identity Reconstruction in the Horn of Africa2017Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 167.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    State Building-Peace Building Nexus: The Horn of Africa2015Inngår i: The Algerian Journal of Political Sciences and International Relations, ISSN 1111-2115, nr 4Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 168.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    State Crisis, Conflicts and International Intervention in the Horn of Africa2013Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 169.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    State-building, Conflict and Global War in the Horn of Africa2013Inngår i: Bondage of Boundaries and Identity Politics in Postcolonial Africa: The 'Northern Problem' and Ethno-Futures / [ed] Sabelo J. Ndlovu-Gatsheni & Brilliant Mhlanga, Pretoria: Africa Institute of South Africa (AISA), 2013, s. 61-78Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 170.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    State-Building in Post-Liberation Eritrea: Challenges, Achievements and Potentials2009 (oppl. first)Bok (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 171.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    State-Building Project of Peace Building in the Horn of Africa2008Inngår i: Post Conflict Peace-Building in the Horn of Africa / [ed] Ulf Johansson Dahre, Lund: Lund University , 2008, first, s. 37-53Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 172.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Supra-Ethnic Nationalism: The case of Eritrea2002Inngår i: African Sociological Review, ISSN 1027-4332, Vol. 6, nr 2, s. 137-152Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 173.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Challenges of Reconstitution of National Identity in the Sudans2012Konferanseproceedings (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 174.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Challenges of Regional Integration in the Horn of Africa2014Inngår i: Journal of US-China Public Administration, ISSN 1548-6591, E-ISSN 1935-9691, Vol. 11, nr 5, s. 401-414Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 175.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    The Collapse of IGAD Peace Mediation in the Current South Sudan Civil War: When National Interest Dictates Peace Mediation2017Inngår i: Journal of African Foreign Affairs, ISSN 2056-564X, Vol. 4, nr 1 & 2, s. 67-84Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 176.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Complex Roots of the Second Eritrea-Ethiopia War: Re-examining the Causes2010Inngår i: African Journal of International Affairs, ISSN 0850–7902, Vol. 13, nr 1-2, s. 15-59Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 177.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Eritrea-Ethiopia Conflict and the Algiers Agreement: Eritrea's road to isolation2009Inngår i: Eritrea's External Relations: Understanding its regional role and foreign policy / [ed] Richard Reid, London: Chatham House , 2009, 1, s. 98-130Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 178.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Eritrean Diaspora: Myth and Reality2007Inngår i: The Role of Diasporas in Peace, Democracy and Development in the Horn of Africa / [ed] Ulf Johansson, Lund: Lund University , 2007, firstKapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 179.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    The Ethiopia-Eritrea Rapprochement: Peace and Stability in the Horn of Africa2019Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This book examines the Ethiopia–Eritrea rapprochement and asks whether it might lead to peace and stability in the Horn of Africa. The Algiers Agreement (2000) that was mediated by the international community – the UN, OAU, EU and USA (the same parties that also served as witnesses and guarantors) – was supposed to be final and binding. But when the Eritrea–Ethiopia Boundary Commission (EEBC) published its verdict, Ethiopia rejected it on the grounds that it awarded Badme, the flashpoint of the war, to Eritrea. The witnesses and guarantors, abdicating their responsibility, failed to exert pressure on Ethiopia, which led to a situation of ‘no war, no peace’. This stalemate lasted for 16 years, until July 2018. The recent rapprochement is driven by internal dynamics, rather than by external mediation. This has fundamentally reshaped the relationship between the two countries. The impact of the resolution of the Ethiopia–Eritrea conflict goes beyond the borders of the two countries, and has indeed brought fundamental change to the region. Full diplomatic relations have been restored between Eritrea and Somalia; and the leaders of Eritrea and Djibouti have met in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. This all raises the issue of whether a peace deal driven by internal dynamics fares better than one that is externally mediated. The central question that this book attempts to address is: what factors led to the resolution of a festering conflict? The book explains and analyses the rapprochement, which it argues was made possible by the maturing of objective and subjective conditions in Ethiopia and by the trust factor in Eritrea.

  • 180.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Ethnic and Civic Basis of Citizenship in the Horn of Africa2009Inngår i: Faith, Citizenship, Democracy and Peace in the Horn of Africa / [ed] Sthlm Policy Group, Lund: Lund University , 2009, first, s. 131-148Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 181.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Ethnic and Civic Foundations of Citizenship and Identity in the Horn of Africa2011Inngår i: Studies in Ethnicity and Nationalism, ISSN 1473-8481, E-ISSN 1754-9469, Studies in Ethnicity and Nationalism, Vol. 11, nr 1, s. 63-81Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 182.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The hopes and worries of a newborn state2012Inngår i: Annual Report : 2011: Africa's changing societies: reform from below, ISSN 1104-5256, s. 8-9Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 183.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Horn of Africa: Intra-State and Inter-State Conflicts and Security2013Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The Horn of Africa, comprising Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Sudan and Somalia, is the most conflict-ridden region in Africa. This book explores the origins and impact of these conflicts at both an intra-state and inter-state level and the insecurity they create. The contributors show how regional and international interventions have compounded pre-existing tensions and have been driven by competing national interests linked to Western intervention and acts of piracy off the coast of Somalia. This book outlines proposals for multidimensional mechanisms for conflict resolution in the region. Issues of border demarcation, democratic deficit, crises of nation and state building, and the roles of political actors and traditional authorities are all clearly analysed.

  • 184.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Horn of Africa: Intra-State and Inter-State Conflicts and Security2013 (oppl. 1)Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 185.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    The Intergovernmental Authority on Development: Internal Culture of Foreign Policymaking and Sources of Weaknesses2018Inngår i: African Foreign Policies in International Institutions / [ed] Jason Warner, Timothy M. Shaw, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2018, s. 113-125Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 186.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    The Interplay between National, Regional and International Dynamics in the Production of Conflicts in the Horn of Africa2016Inngår i: Journal of Oromo studies, ISSN 1070-2202, Vol. 22, nr 1, s. 53-73Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 187.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Morality of the U.N. Security Council Sanctions agaist Eritrea: Defensibility, Political Objectives, and Consequences2013Inngår i: African Studies Review, ISSN 0002-0206, E-ISSN 1555-2462, Vol. 56, nr 2, s. 145--161Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 188.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Politics of Language in Eritrea: Equality of languages vs. bilingual official language policy2010Inngår i: Journal of Asian and African Studies, ISSN 0021-9096, E-ISSN 1745-2538, African and Asian Studies, Vol. 9, nr 1-2, s. 149-190Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The article analyzes the discourse of politics of language in Eritrea. It argues that the language debate in Eritrea over equality of languages and bilingual official langauge policy is more about power relations than about language per se. It relates to politics of identity that derives from the construction of two identity formations as understood by political elites. Equality of languages is based on ethnic identity, whereas official language is based on the construction of supra-ethnic civic identity. According to the constructivist bilingual official language Arabic and Tigrinya are supposed to represent two different socio-cultural identity formation, notably, Islam-Arabic  and Christian-Tigrinya. Consequently, the official language policy debate could be construed to derive from politics of power relation where two groups of elites supposedly representing the two identity formations are engaged in power competition reflecting real or imaginary socio-cultural cleavage of respective identity. In this sense the bilingual official language is designed to create social equilibrium wherein it is supposed that power would equitably distributed between two rival elite groups.

  • 189.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    The Role of the International Community in the Eritrean Refugee Crisis2017Inngår i: Geopolitics, History, and International Relations, ISSN 1948-9145, Vol. 9, nr 1, s. 68-82Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the role of the international community in the Eritrean refugee crisis. It critically analyses the international community's, as represented by UN, AU, EU and US, failure to fulfill its obligation. The UN, OAU, EU and US were witnesses and guarantors of the Algiers Agreement. As such, they assumed responsibility of making sure of the implementation of the Ethiopia-Eritrea Border Commission Verdict. The Algiers Agreement empowered the guarantors to invoke UN Chapter VII, if one or both of the parties violates its commitment. Fourteen years later the EEBC Verdict is awaiting implementation with immense consequence to Eritrea. Deriving from text analysis and drawing on previous research I argue in this article that the international community by failing to fulfill its legal obligation contributed to the current Eritrean refugee crisis. It is the contention of this article only the unconditional implementation of the boundary commission that brings peace and stability to the region that would stem the flow of the refugees.

  • 190.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    When Success Becomes a Liability: Challenges of State Buidling in Eritrea (1991-2005)2007Inngår i: African and Asian Studies, Vol. 6, nr 4, s. 395-430Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 191.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Why South Sudan conflict is proving intractable: Ugandan forces and lack of international commitment two reasons2015Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In December 2013 war broke out in South Sudan as a result of the power struggle between President Salva Kiir and the ex-vice president Riek Machar. Violence from both sides led to massacres and millions of displaced persons. Agreements to end hostilities have so far been violated. A sustainable peace calls for Ugandan forces to leave South Sudan. The political parties have to reform and be a part of national reconciliation instead of fighting one another.

  • 192.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Mengisteab, Kidane
    Regional Integration, Identity and Citizenship in the Greater Horn of Africa2012Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The Greater Horn of Africa (GHA) is engulfed by three interrelated crises: various inter-state wars, civil wars, and inter-communal conflicts; an economic crisis manifested in widespread debilitating poverty, chronic food insecurity and famines; and environmental degradation that is ravaging the region. While it is apparent that the countries of the region are unlikely to be able to deal with the crises individually, there is consensus that their chances of doing so improve markedly with collective regional action. The contributors to this volume address the need for regional integration in the GHA. They identify those factors that can foster integration, such as the proper management of equitable citizenship rights, as well as examining those that impede it, including the region's largely ineffective integration scheme, IGAD, and explore how the former can be strengthened and the latter transformed; explain how regional integration can mitigate the conflicts; and examine how integration can help to energise the region's economy.

  • 193.
    Berg, Bengt Åke
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Ekström, Tord
    Afrikas industrialisering1966Bok (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 194.
    Berger, Amelie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Twice humanity: implications for local and global resource use1998Konferanseproceedings (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This book is the result of the conference "Twice Humanity - Implications for local and global resource use", and consists of select papers which all contribute to the discussion of sustainable development in relation to the growing population and the unbalanced use of resources which will limit our future way of life.

  • 195.
    Berglund, Brita
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Gambia1975 (oppl. 3)Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 196.
    Beshir, Mohamed Omer
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Diversity regionalism and national unity1979Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This research report is concerned with the irrelation between cultural diversity and continental and national unity.

  • 197.
    Bey, Maissa
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Malmström, Monica
    After independence2010Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Maïssa Bey discusses her new novel 'Bleu Blanc Vert', about time after the Algerian independence struggle with translator Monica Malmström.

  • 198.
    Beyene, Atakilte
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Agricultural transformation in Ethiopia: state policy and smallholder farming2018Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    For thousands of years, Ethiopia has depended on its smallholding farmers to provide the bulk of its food needs. But now, such farmers find themselves under threat from environmental degradation, climate change and declining productivity. As a result, smallholder agriculture has increasingly become subsistence-oriented, with many of these farmers trapped in a cycle of poverty. Smallholders have long been marginalised by mainstream development policies, and only more recently has their crucial importance been recognised for addressing rural poverty through agricultural reform.

    This collection, written by leading Ethiopian scholars, explores the scope and impact of Ethiopia’s policy reforms over the past two decades on the smallholder sector. Focusing on the Lake Tana basin in northwestern Ethiopia, an area with untapped potential for growth, the contributors argue that any effective policy will need to go beyond agriculture to consider the role of health, nutrition and local food customs, as well as including increased safeguards for smallholder’s land rights. They in turn show that smallholders represent a vitally overlooked component of development strategy, not only in Ethiopia but across the global South.

  • 199.
    Beyene, Atakilte
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Agrarian Change, Property and Resources.
    Agricultural water institutions in East Africa2015Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Climate change is causing growing variability and uncertainty in rainfall in Africa. Since the continent's food production systems are dominantly rain-fed, these changes are putting food security at even higher risk. In order to reduce this dependency, institutional reforms in the agricultural water sectors have become a priority in research and policy.

    In this report, Atakilte Beyene, senior researcher at the Nordic Africa Institute, together with twelve researchers based in Africa, studies current agricultural water reforms in Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, and other East African countries. The report consists of four case studies and an introductory section. The first case study evaluates the performance of community participation in water resources governance in the Mount Kenya Region. It uncovers the implication of a ban on traditional institutions on water security at a catchment level. The second case analyses the prospects of introducing pro-poor water schemes in conditions where climate change and water inequality are already challenges. It identifies incentive mechanisms that enhance more efficient distribution and utilization of water resources. The third case examines impacts of competitive and intensive farming strategies, especially irrigation schemes, on water demands. The final case study explores how advances in information and communication technologies improve water-use management systems across organizational and geographic scales.

  • 200.
    Beyene, Atakilte
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Concluding remarks2018Inngår i: Agricultural transformation in Ethiopia: state policy and smallholder farming / [ed] Atakilte Beyene, London ; Uppsala: Zed Books ; Nordiska Afrikainstutet , 2018, s. 180-185Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
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