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  • 151.
    Oestigaard, Terje
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Agrarian Change, Property and Resources.
    Thirsty, hungry and no power?: African resources in a global world2014Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Water, food and energy are fundamental to African development. However, several crucial issues need to be addressed. Are African resources used to meet African needs or are they being exploited to satisfy the needs of other actors facing food and energy insecurity?

  • 152.
    Oestigaard, Terje
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Agrarian Change, Property and Resources.
    Wagner, John R. (ed.). The social life of water. xii, 313 pp., maps, tables, figs, illus., bibliogrs. Oxford, New York: Berghahn, 20132015Inngår i: Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, ISSN 1359-0987, E-ISSN 1467-9655, Vol. 21, nr 4, s. 945-946Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 153.
    Oestigaard, Terje
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Agrarian Change, Property and Resources.
    Water, Christianity and the Rise of Capitalism2013Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 154.
    Oestigaard, Terje
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Beyene, AtakilteÖgmundardóttir, HelgaUniversity of Iceland, Faculty of Sociology, Anthropology and Folkloristics, Reykjavík, Iceland.
    From Aswan to Stiegler’s Gorge: small stories about large dams2019Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Dams, irrigation systems and hydropolitics are back on the geopolitical agenda. In recent years, we have seen an accelerating interest in large-scale water infrastructures, such as multipurpose dams and irrigation schemes, in the Nile Region and adjacent catchment areas. Governments in these regions are struggling to increase food security and to provide more energy in the face of industrialisation, climate change and rapid urban growth. The tension between countries over access to water will probably rise, as spells of drought increase in length and intensity.

    This small anthology presents seven chapters on dam building processes and projects from Egypt, Ethiopia, Sudan, Uganda and Tanzania. It aims to deepen the understanding of the role of dams in development strategies in Africa and it problematizes why some dams are implemented while others are not, and the decision-making processes behind building either irrigation, hydropower or multi-purpose dams. Written in a short and consistent genre, it targets academics and policy makers interested in dam discourses and water infrastructure development.

  • 155.
    Oestigaard, Terje
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Agrarian Change, Property and Resources.
    Nilsson, David
    Scandinavia in the ‘Scramble for Africa’: Then and Now2013Annet (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 156.
    Oestigaard, Terje
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Sandström, EmilAnders, Jägerskog
    Land and Hydropolitics in the Nile River Basin: Challenges and New Investments2016Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The Nile River Basin supports the livelihoods of millions of people in Egypt, Ethiopia, Sudan and Uganda, principally as water for agriculture and hydropower. The resource is the focus of much contested development, not only between upstream and downstream neighbours, but also from countries outside the region. This book investigates the water, land and energy nexus in the Nile Basin.

    It explains how the current surge in land and energy investments, both by foreign actors as well as domestic investors, affects already strained transboundary relations in the region and how investments are intertwined within wider contexts of Nile Basin history, politics and economy. Overall, the book presents a range of perspectives, drawing on political science, international relations theory, sociology, history and political ecology.

  • 157.
    Oestigaard, Terje
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Sandström, Emil
    Jägerskog, Emil
    Changing challenges: new hydro-political landscapes in the Nile Basin2016Inngår i: Land and Hydro-politics in the Nile River Basin: Challenges and New Investments / [ed] Sandström, E., Jägerskog, A. & Oestigaard, T., London: Routledge, 2016, s. 1-13Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 158.
    Oestigaard, Terje
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Agrarian Change, Property and Resources.
    Tvedt, TerjeUniversity of Bergen, Faculty of Social Science.
    A History of Water. Series 1. Vol. 3: The World of Water2013Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 159.
    Oestigaard, Terje
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Tvedt, Terje
    A History of Water, Series 3, Vol. 3: Water and Food: From Hunter-Gatherers to Global Production in Africa.2016Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    All societies must manage their water resources. From the early civilizations of the Indus valley, nearly 5,000 years ago, to today’s megacities, meeting the water needs of an urban population remains a perpetual task. How a society manages and controls its water resources - whether for food and farming, drinking, sanitation, power or transport – plays a formative role in its development. And never more so than in our own century, with the global population approaching seven billion and the continuing threat of climate change.

    As concerns over global water resources continue to grow, the pioneering History of Water series brings a much needed historical perspective to the relationship between water and society. Covering all aspects of water and society - social, cultural, political, religious and technological - the volumes reveal how water issues can only be fully understood when all aspects are properly integrated. Unprecedented in its geographical coverage and unrivalled in its multidisciplinary span, the History of Water series makes a unique and original contribution to a key contemporary issue.

  • 160.
    Oestigaard, Terje
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Tvedt, Terje
    Approaches to African Food Production in a Water Society Systems Perspective.2016Inngår i: A History of Water, Series 3, Volume 3. Water and Food: From Hunter-Gatherers to Global Production in Africa / [ed] Terje Tvedt & Terje Oestigaard, London: I.B. Tauris, 2016, s. 1-25Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 161.
    Oinas, Elina
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Arnfred, Signe
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Introduction: Sex & Politics—Case Africa2009Inngår i: NORA, ISSN 0803-8740, Vol. 17, nr 3, s. 149-157Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 162.
    Otto, Opira
    et al.
    Department of Urban and Rural Development, Division of Rural Development, The Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Uppsala, Sweden.
    Isinika, AidaInstitute of Continuing Education (ICE), Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogoro, Tanzania.Musahara, HermanSchool of Economics, University of Rwanda, Kigali, Rwanda.
    Land tenure dynamics in East Africa: changing practices and rights to land2019Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Agriculture remains the main source of livelihood for most rural people in East Africa. Farming is dominated by smallholders, of whom the majority are women. Their tenure and access to land is important for reducing rural poverty, enhancing food security and stimulating agricultural development. Secure tenure represents one of the most critical challenges to the development of sustainable agriculture in the region. In an effort to understand the land question and its variation across the region, this book analyses the land reforms, their context and dynamics.

    The book presents recent studies on the dynamics of land tenure and land tenure reforms in East Africa with a focus on Kenya, Rwanda, South Sudan, Tanzania and Uganda. By selecting these five countries, the book is able to show the changing practices and variations in the land tenure dynamics and explain how they relate to historical and more contemporary issues.

    The chapters are written by researchers, policy makers and activists with a diverse background and experience/expertise in relation to the land question. Their contributions offer a multiperspective basis for critical rethinking and reflection on the future of the land question in East Africa.

  • 163.
    Rosquist, Catrin
    et al.
    Life & Peace Institute.
    Norberg, CarinNordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Mapping Darfur2007Konferanseproceedings (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The Darfur Peace Agreement was signed on 5 May 2006 in Abuja, Nigeria. It has not brought safety to the people of Darfur. The humanitarian crisis continues to be deeply worrying despite aspirations to achieve improved conditions for the suffering population of Darfur. The report Mapping Darfur is published one year after the peace agreement was signed. It is based on a series of seminars during February and March 2007 organised by the Nordic Africa Institute, the Life and Peace Institute and ABF Stockholm. The key intention was to increase knowledge and good understanding of the underlying causes of the crisis in Darfur through contributions from different actors and observers, such as academia, politicians and humanitarian aid workers.

  • 164.
    Rylander, Kristina
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Att studera Afrika: vägar till källorna2004Collection/Antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Att studera Afrika är en guide till Afrikastudier inom främst det samhällsvetenskapliga området. Både tryckta och Internet-baserade källor behandlas i denna nya, grundligt uppdaterade upplaga. Boken ger praktisk vägledning till handböcker, databaser, kartor, statistik och en rad andra hjälpmedel för litteratur- och fakta-sökning. Dessutom finns fylliga introduktioner till litteraturen inom några för Afrikastudier centrala ämnesområden: politik, ekonomi, historia, antropologi, geografi och utbildningsfrågor. I första hand riktar sig boken till studerande och forskare, men även lärare, journalister och bibliotekarier med flera har nytta av den.

    Bidragen är skrivna av bibliotekarier och forskare med lång erfarenhet av det moderna Afrika: Kristina Rylander (red.), Tore Linné Eriksen, Ingemar Gustafsson, Katarina Hjortsäter, Birgitte Jansen, Peter Kinlund, Christer Krokfors, António Lourenço, Åsa Lund Moberg och Knut G. Nustad.

     

  • 165.
    Schoeman, Maxi
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    South African female peacekeepers on mission in Africa: Progress, challenges and policy options for increased participation2010Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    South Africa’s contribution of troops to peace missions is the 13th largest in the world, and the country has the largest women’s contingent deployed in Peace Support Operations (PSOs). Although, South Africa is one of only a handful of countries incorporating women in combat positions and PSOs, on average the picture of female participation remains less rosy.On the policy level, South Africa has committed itself to gender mainstreaming in the South African National Defence Force (SANDF) in line with UN Security Council Resolution 1325 (2000). The UN Resolution on Women, Peace and Security calls for, among other things, full inclusion of women in all aspects of peace-related activities, including peacekeeping. On 31 October2010, the world will mark the 10th anniversary of Resolution 1325, just as in 2009 South Africa celebrated ten years of participation in international peacekeeping operations. This is a pertinent time to take stock of South Africa’s progress in improving the gender balance in its military, specifically in its contribution to PSOs, and the opportunities and obstacles that exist in this process.This Policy Note is based on information collected from questionnaires, interviews and reports, along with insights gleaned from discussion groups at the 2007 SANDF Women’s Day Conference to identify the progress of, and challenges to the SANDF in improving the gender balance in its peacekeeping activities. These initial research findings form part of a larger project on South African involvement in peacekeeping, focusing in particular on the status, position and role of women decision-makers and peacekeepers. Problems encountered by women peacekeepers and the challenges faced by the SANDF are not unique and the recommendations may therefore be of relevance beyond South Africa, particularly to those African countries across the continent attempting to attract more women into, and mainstream gender in the military and PSOs.

  • 166.
    Seide, Wondwosen Michago
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet. Department of Political Science at Lund University.
    The Nuer pastoralists: between large scale agriculture and villagization : a case study of the Lare District in the Gambella Region of Ethiopia2017Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    "Ethiopia has shown encouraging economic development in the past years. The swirls of economic bubbles are impacting the different regions of the country. At the moment, there are several national and regional development projects being implemented in the Gambella Region in Western Ethiopia. However, being part ofthe development scheme of the federal state does not necessarily guarantee that this peripheral region will be integrated and brought closer to the political, cultural and economic core.

    This report is an attempt to contribute to this debate by focusing on two major themes: large-scale agriculture and the villagization programmes. It examines the dynamics of Gambella’s political economy and the process of incorporating the region – and the Nuer transhumant communities in particular – into the national economy. Specifically, it explores how processes of commercial farming investments and the villagization programme impact Nuer pastoralists. A policy recommendation to be concluded from this research is to acknowledge the nexus between two pastoral development approaches – pastoral area development vs. pastoralism development – so as to make them run in tandem without one excluding the other. By recognising them as mutually reinforcing, pastoralism could be promoted while resources are developed."

  • 167.
    Sesay, Amadu
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Does one size fit all?: the Sierra Leone Truth and Reconciliation Commission revisited2007Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Societies emerging from protracted conflict and violence face numerous challenges at the individual, community and national levels. Accordingly, a variety of strategies have been suggested for "healing" the wounds of the past and coping with the future, thereby facilitating national reconciliation and peace buildings. One of these approaches is the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, TRC, believed to provide a veritable platform for victims and perpetrators alike, to have a voice that would enable them to come to terms with the horrifying past. In Africa, TRCs as strategies for coming to terms with the past in Africa came into prominence following the example of South Africa after the end of apartheid in 1994. Since then, TRCs have been set up in Rwanda and Sierra Leone, while one has been proposed for Liberia. From such a standpoint it is tempting to argue that there has emerged what we can call  a  "one size fits all" syndrome, that is, if the TRC "worked" for South Africa, a position that is the subject of intense debate within and outside that country, then it is "good" for Sierra Leone, Liberia or any other African society that is emerging from protracted violent conflict. The main purpose of this study, therefore, is to draw attention to the TRC phenomenon in Sierra Leone, to stimulate discussion on the diverse questions surrounding its rationale, processes and outcomes, especially its impacts on post conflict reconciliation in the country. Another goal of the project is to document the multiple and conflicting perceptions among various groups in the TRC processes, and how such perceptions were reflected in the Commission's work and recommendations. Finally, it is expected that the study would form the basis for future empirically grounded research and policy analysis, more extensive research and perhaps even collaboration, between the author and those working on innovative but home-grown mechanisms for promoting reconciliation in post war Sierra Leone and elsewhere.

  • 168.
    Soiri, Iina
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    The radical motherhood: Namibian women's independence struggle1996Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The study analyses why and how the Ovambo women in northern Namibia participated in the struggle which led to the independent Namibia. The study also examines the changes in women's lives caused by the arrival of Christianity, colonialism, the cash economy and modern values.

  • 169. Stern, Maria
    et al.
    Eriksson Baaz, Maria
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation. Göteborgs universitet.
    Research in the Rape Capital of the World: Fame and Shame2015Inngår i: Masquerades of war / [ed] Christine Sylvester, New York: Routledge, 2015, Vol. s. 197-206, s. 197-206Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 170. Stern, Maria
    et al.
    Eriksson Baaz, Maria
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation. Göteborgs universitet.
    Telling Perpetrator’s stories: a reflection on effects and ethics2015Inngår i: Teaching About Rape in War and Genocide / [ed] edited by John K. Roth, Carol Rittner, London: Palgrave , 2015Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 171.
    Söderbaum, Fredrik
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Skansholm, Hanna
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Brolin, Therese
    Göteborgs universitet.
    From top-down to flexible cooperation: rethinking regional support to Africa2016Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden and many other donor countries focus too strongly on supranational unions and intergovernmental regional organisations in their development support to Africa. More resources should instead go to flexible constellations and networks involving regional actors from both the public and the private sector, as well as civil society. This advice is given by Professor Fredrik Söderbaum and his associates Hanna Skansholm and Therese Brolin.

  • 172.
    Teppo, Annika
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    Houssay-Holzschuch, Myriam
    University Joseph Fourier, UMR PACTE and IUF, Grenoble, France.
    Gugulethu™: revolution for neoliberalism in a South African township2013Inngår i: Canadian Journal of African Studies, ISSN 0008-3968, E-ISSN 1923-3051, Vol. 47, nr 1, s. 51-74Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyses the impact of neoliberalization on post-apartheid spatial practices at the new Gugulethu mall in Cape Town. It examines this impact at two levels: first, from the perspective of neoliberal processes and their ability to adapt to the local township environment and, second, from the viewpoint of the township and its permeability to these ideas and practices, specifically emphasizing the role of local brokers. We study how revolutionary discourses, imagery, spatial design and social engineering were employed to promote the business, and how these attempts were received at the everyday level in the township. We argue that contemporary, ordinary townships such as Gugulethu tell a localized story of neoliberalization processes through which global capital is rooted within South African townships.

  • 173.
    Teppo, Annika
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    Millstein, Marianne
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    The Place of Gentrification in Cape Town2015Inngår i: Global gentrifications: uneven development and displacement / [ed] Loretta Lees, Hyun Bang Shin, Ernesto López-Morales, Bristol: Policy Press, 2015, s. 419-440Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 174.
    Themnér, Anders
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation. Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    A Leap of Faith: When and How Ex-Combatants Resort to Violence2013Inngår i: Security Studies, ISSN 0963-6412, E-ISSN 1556-1852, Vol. 22, nr 2, s. 295-329Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has given scant attention to the issue of how and when ex-combatants resort to organized violence. This article fills this research gap by comparing ex-fighters in the Republic of Congo and Sierra Leone. It holds that ex-combatant violence is the result of interaction between entrepreneurs of violence, military affinities, intermediaries, and selective incentives. Ex-combatants take to arms when they have access to entrepreneurs of violence. By offering selective incentives and utilizing existing military affinities, entrepreneurs can generate the enticements and trust needed to convince ex-combatants to resort to arms. However, as entrepreneurs have limited contact with ex-fighters, they are dependent on intermediaries to do the actual recruiting for them. Contrary to previous assumptions, this article finds that ex-fighters are largely risk-averse individuals and that ex-combatant violence is seldom triggered by the mere presence of small arms, lack of economic opportunities, or experiences of insecurity.

  • 175.
    Themnér, Anders
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Commanding abuse or abusing command?: Ex-command structures and drugs in Liberia2018Inngår i: Third World Thematics : A TWQ Journal, ISSN 2380-2014, Vol. 3, nr 1, s. 46-62Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 176.
    Themnér, Anders
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Violence in Post-Conflict Societies: Remarginalization, Remobilizers and Relationships2011Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 177.
    Tobisson, Eva
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Agrarian Change, Property and Resources.
    Consequences and challenges of tourism and seaweed farming: a narrative on a coastal community in Zanzibar2013Inngår i: Western Indian Ocean journal of marine science, ISSN 0856-860X, Vol. 12, nr 2, s. 169-184Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Although international influences have affected Zanzibar for centuries, some rural areas have remained largely unaffected by globalization until a few decades ago when Zanzibar emerged as a tourist destination and commercial seaweed farming was introduced. This paper focuses on local responses to these two external drivers of change, from the perspectives of women and men on the south-eastern coast of Unguja Island where they strive to improve their livelihoods. Longitudinal social anthropological surveys using interactive methods were used to reveal the perspectives and coping strategies of individuals under multidimensional poverty. The study thus focused on micro-level diversity and diversification in the modes of livelihood over time and within broader national and global frameworks. The tourist boom in the 1990s was followed by fluctuations and a decline in backpackers who had until then benefited the local economy. Seaweed production, undertaken almost exclusively by women, has steadily increased since the late 1980s. Although it entails hard work for limited returns, seaweed has become highly significant in boosting women’s empowerment and securing their livelihood; economic diversification is central to the livelihood of poor women.

  • 178.
    Trovalla, Ulrika
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    Infrastructure becomes suprastructure2013Inngår i: Annual Report : 2012: Development Dilemmas, ISSN 1104-5256, Vol. 2012, s. 9-12Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 179.
    Udelsmann Rodrigues, Cristina
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Changes to Urban Society in Angola: From Limited to Multi-Criteria Stratification2017Inngår i: African Studies Review, ISSN 0002-0206, E-ISSN 1555-2462, Vol. 60, nr 2, s. 161-181Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the transformations to urban social stratification inAngola during the last decades. The analysis is centered on the indicators of socialdifference throughout these years: the racial criteria of the colonial times; the politicalprecedence in the first years after independence; and the multi-criteria of thepostwar period. Based on research conducted before and after the end of the civilwar in 2002, the article explores the construction and reconfiguration of urban societytoday, providing evidence of increased social mobility—despite the poverty anddeeper inequalities—and of the importance of economic and residential criteria.

  • 180.
    Udelsmann Rodrigues, Cristina
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Climate change and DIY urbanism in Luanda and Maputo: new urban strategies?2019Inngår i: International Journal of Urban Sustainable Development, ISSN 1946-3138, s. 1-13Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Climate-related phenomena historically have had an impact on the lives of urbandwellers of Luanda and Maputo. Recently, however, urban expansion and congestionof different sorts, aggravated by climate change impacts, call for renewedresponses on the part of residents. Rising sea levels and harder impacts of floodingare the most disturbing issues in the two coastal capitals, demanding both institutionalresponses and strategies of urban residents, particularly the most vulnerable.Based on qualitative data collected in Luanda and Maputo, this article describes howurban residents aim to mitigate and adapt to the effects of climate change and bydoing so, shape the cities they live in and their environment.

  • 181.
    Udelsmann Rodrigues, Cristina
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Configuring the living environment in mining areas in Angola: contestations between mining companies, workers, local communities and the state2017Inngår i: The Extractive Industries and Society, ISSN 2214-790X, E-ISSN 2214-7918, Vol. 4, nr 4, s. 727-734Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 182.
    Udelsmann Rodrigues, Cristina
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Emergent urbanism in Angola and Mozambique: management of the unknown2020Inngår i: Routledge Handbook of Urban Planning in Africa / [ed] Carlos Nunes Silva, Abingdon, Oxon; New York: Routledge, 2020, s. 233-247Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 183.
    Udelsmann Rodrigues, Cristina
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Migração, Movimento e Urbanização em Angola e Moçambique2018Inngår i: Desafios para Moçambique 2018 / [ed] Salvador Forquilha, Maputo: Instituto de Estudos Sociais e Económicos , 2018, s. 449-470Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 184.
    Udelsmann Rodrigues, Cristina
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Organization and Representation of Informal Workers in São Tomé and Príncipe: State Agency and Sectoral Informal Alternatives2017Inngår i: African Studies Quarterly: The Online Journal of African Studies, ISSN 1093-2658, ISSN 2152-2448, nr 2, s. 1-22Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In São Tomé and Príncipe, both the size of the informal economy and the scope of the mechanisms of organization and representation are little known. A research conducted recently showed that the almost always limited and irregular incomes generated in this sector are also associated with precarity and a lack of social protection mechanisms. While initiatives led by the state and supported by international funders positioned unions as privileged organizations for representing and supporting the workers in this sector, the limited results generated opportunities for the creation of sectoral bottom-up initiatives. The discussion is then focused on the areas addressed by the initiatives of specific sectors and types of activity – taxi and motorbike drivers and money exchangers – comparing the outcomes with those of the unions in terms of increased social protection and representation.   

  • 185.
    Udelsmann Rodrigues, Cristina
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Precarity in Angolan diamond mining towns, 1920–2014: tracing agency of the state, mining companies and urban households2018Inngår i: Journal of Modern African Studies, ISSN 0022-278X, E-ISSN 1469-7777, Vol. 56, nr 1, s. 113-141Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    After nearly 30 years of civil war, Angola gained peace in 2002. The country’s diamond and oil wealth affords the national government the means to pursue economic reconstruction and urban development. However, in the diamond-producing region of Lunda Sul, where intense fighting between MPLA and UNITA forces was waged, the legacy of war lingers on in the form of livelihood uncertainty and uneven access to the benefits of the state’s urban development programmes. There are three main interactive agents of urban change: the Angolan state, the mining corporations, and not least urban residents. The period has been one of shifting alignments of responsibility for urban housing, livelihoods and welfare provisioning. Beyond the pressures of post-war adjustment, the wider context of global capital investment and labour market restructuring has introduced a new surge of corporate mining investment and differentiated patterns of prosperity and precarity in Lunda Sul.

  • 186.
    Udelsmann Rodrigues, Cristina
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Private condominiums in Luanda: more than just the safety of walls, a new way of living2018Inngår i: Social Dynamics, ISSN 0253-3952, E-ISSN 1940-7874, Vol. 44, nr 2, s. 341-358Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Since its independence in 1975, Angola’s capital Luanda has beengoing through deep processes of demographic, economic, socialand physical transformations. In this article, apart from introducing the case study of private condominiums in the general discussion on urban studies in the Global South, we focus on the dynamics of transformations regarding housing for the mid/upper strata, providing the background for the emergence and recent expansion ofgated communities/condominiums, a phenomenon that has acquired major importance in the recent decades in Luanda. The specialised literature relates the demand for and multiplication of these residential structures in Africa with issues such as the search for safety associated with demonstrations of exclusive lifestyles. In the case of Luanda, the authors found––through a case study and qualitative data collected among residents and non-residents of condominiums––that, contrary to the results from other studies, condominiums in Luanda are essentially sought after primarily for functional reasons such as access to infrastructure and better living.

  • 187.
    Udelsmann Rodrigues, Cristina
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Urban Modernity versus the Blood Diamond Legacy: Angola’s Urban Mining Settlements in the Aftermath of War2017Inngår i: Journal of Southern African Studies, ISSN 0305-7070, E-ISSN 1465-3893, Vol. 43, nr 6, s. 1215-1234Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    For most of the latter half of the 20th century, war carved the contours of settlement and mining activity in Angola. The aim of this article is twofold: first, to contrast migrant andurban livelihoods during the war, distinguishing between artisanal guerrilla diamond-diggingsettlements and the refuge ‘government cities’, and, secondly, to compare recent patternsof migration, livelihoods, mineral production and aspirations among urban residents. This article focuses on four urban settlements in the Lundas’ diamond-producing provinces, tracing wartime diamond growth in boom towns and cantonment in government cities. Post-war urban regeneration is characterised by investment in formal planned cities, and constraints on the informal mining boom towns and their garimpo artisanal miners. Questions are posed regarding these settlements’ population movements, livelihoods, residents’ conceptions of urban life and their quest for modernity. Amidst the multiplicity of wartime legacies and the envisaged reconstruction, renewed perceptions of urban life are increasingly focused on non-mining livelihoods.

  • 188.
    Ukiwo, Ukoha
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Causes and cures of oil-related Niger Delta conflicts2009Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Nigeria’s political and economic fortunes and the country’s ability to play a stabilizing role in the African region partly depend on the resolution of the lingering Niger Delta conflict. The Niger Delta covers nine out of 36 states and 185 out of 774 local government areas of the Nigerian federation. It occupies a total land area of 75,000 square kilometers and is the world’s third largest wetlands. The 2006 Nigerian population census shows that 30 million out of the country’s 140 million people reside in the Niger Delta region. Nearly all of Nigeria’s oil and gas reserves are located in the region. Oil and gas have accounted for about 40 per cent of Nigeria’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) since 1990. Between 2000 and 2004, oil and gas accounted for 75 per cent of total government revenues and 97 per cent of foreign exchange. Apart from being vital to Nigeria’s fiscal viability, the Niger Delta is important to global energy security.

  • 189.
    Ukiwo, Ukoha
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Les causes et les remèdes des conflits pétroliers du Delta du Niger2009Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [fr]

    Les fortunes économique et politique du Nigéria, et la capacité du pays à jouer un rôle stabilisant dans la région africaine, dépendent de la résolution du conflit qui persiste dans la zone du delta du Niger. Le delta couvre neuf états, sur un total de 36, et 185 des 774 gouvernements locaux de la fédération nigériane. Il occupe une étendue totale de 75,000 mètres carrés et constitue la troisième plus grande zone humide de la terre. Le recensement Nigérien de 2006 montreque 30 million d’habitants, sur une population total de 185 million, résident dans la région du delta du Niger. La quasi-totalité des réseaux de gaz et de pétrole du Nigéria sont situés dans la région. Depuis 1990, le pétrole et le gaz représentent environ 40% du produit intérieur brut (PIB). Entre 2000 et 2004, ces deux industries ont engendré 75% des revenus totales du gouvernement, et ont généré 97% des échanges commerciaux. En plus d´être essentiel à la viabilité financière du Nigéria, le delta du Niger est important pour la sécurité énergétique mondiale.

  • 190.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Diamanter är för evigt - men Sierra Leonsk ungdom är utbytbar2007Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 191.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation. Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    Freetown: Berättelser från den osynliga staden2007Inngår i: Den Ny Verden, ISSN 0029-6775, Vol. 40, nr 2, s. 27-37Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 192.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Sexual abuse survivors and the complex of traditional healing: (G)local prospects in the aftermath of an African war2009Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In its efforts to assist post-conflict societies in africa the international aid community has acitvely promoted projects of psycho-social healing among people traumatized during wars and violent conflict. To a large degree these projects have been established in the tradtion of Western psychology. More recently, however, it has been realized in order to help survivors of war effectivley it is necessary to adapt projects and enhance “local” psycho-social healing. This policy report locates the structures – with local legitimacy – that are available to young people who experienced sexual abuse during the Sierra Leone civil war (1991–2002). To this end, this booklet discusses a healing complex that comprises a number of overlapping actors, including herbalists, Zoe Mammies (heads of the female secret societies), Mori-men (Muslim healers); Karamokos (Muslim teachers) and Christian pastors.

  • 193.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Urban youth and post-conflict Africa: On policy priorities2012Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Youth in urban areas of post-war African countries lead lives that are not very different from non-post-war societies. In fact it is often hard to separate battle-hardened ex-combatants from street-hardened urban youth in general. In this context, youth is a social category of people living in volatile and dire life conditions rather than a group defined by age. It is people who are no longer children, but who have yet to become social adults, people who have been marginalized into what they see as a chronic state of youthhood. It is the number of social youth, not the number of an age-categorized “youth bulge”, that poses a danger for stability in many African countries. This way of defining youth demands special efforts and raises special concerns when international donor communities create and implement youth-specific projects in post-conflict areas. Related to that, this policy note reflects on number of issues that will help improve the results of such projects through knowing and using existing social structures, including gender relations, the problems of social elites and the advantages of utilizing already existing systems of labor training.

  • 194.
    Utas, Mats
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Lindell, Ilda
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    Networked City Life in Africa: Introduction2012Inngår i: Urban Forum, ISSN 1015-3802, E-ISSN 1874-6330, Vol. 23, nr 4, s. 409-414Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 195.
    Wallenius, Anna-Britta
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Libraries in East Africa1971Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    A collection of papers dealing with the situation in the library world in East Africa at the end of the 1960s.

  • 196.
    Åkesson, Lisa
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Migration, mobility and transnational relations. Göteborgs universitet.
    Obstacles and openings: returnees and small-scale businesses in Cape Verde2015Inngår i: Africa's return migrants: the new developers? / [ed] Lisa Åkesson and Maria Eriksson Baaz, London ; Uppsala: Zed Books ; Nordiska Afrikainstutet , 2015, s. 152-172Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 197.
    Åkesson, Lisa
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Migration, mobility and transnational relations. Göteborgs universitet.
    Eriksson Baaz, MariaNordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation. Göteborgs universitet.
    Africa's return migrants: the new developers?2015Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Many African migrants residing abroad nurture a hope to one day return, at least temporarily, to their home country. In the wake of economic crises in the developed world, alongside rapid economic growth in parts of Africa, the impetus to 'return' is likely to increase. Such returnees are often portrayed as agents of development, bringing with them capital, knowledge and skills as well as connections and experience gained abroad. Yet, the reality is altogether more complex.

    In this much-needed volume, based on extensive original fieldwork, the authors reveal that there is all too often a gaping divide between abstract policy assumptions and migrants' actual practices. In contrast to the prevailing optimism of policies on migration and development, Africa's Return Migrants demonstrates that the capital obtained abroad is not always advantageous and that it can even hamper successful entrepreneurship and other forms of economic, political and social engagement.

  • 198.
    Åkesson, Lisa
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Migration, mobility and transnational relations. Göteborgs universitet.
    Eriksson Baaz, Maria
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation. Göteborgs universitet.
    Introduction: [Africa's return migrants]2015Inngår i: Africa's return migrants: the new developers? / [ed] Lisa Åkesson and Maria Eriksson Baaz, London ; Uppsala: Zed Books ; Nordiska Afrikainstutet , 2015, s. 1-22Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 199.
    Åkesson, Mattias
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Official publications2014Inngår i: Studying Africa: a guide to the sources / / [ed] Marianne Andersson, Uppsala: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, 2014, 3, s. 59-64Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
1234 151 - 199 of 199
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