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  • 151.
    Söderbaum, Fredrik
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Skansholm, Hanna
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Brolin, Therese
    Göteborgs universitet.
    From top-down to flexible cooperation: rethinking regional support to Africa2016Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden and many other donor countries focus too strongly on supranational unions and intergovernmental regional organisations in their development support to Africa. More resources should instead go to flexible constellations and networks involving regional actors from both the public and the private sector, as well as civil society. This advice is given by Professor Fredrik Söderbaum and his associates Hanna Skansholm and Therese Brolin.

  • 152.
    Teppo, Annika
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    Houssay-Holzschuch, Myriam
    University Joseph Fourier, UMR PACTE and IUF, Grenoble, France.
    Gugulethu™: revolution for neoliberalism in a South African township2013Inngår i: Canadian Journal of African Studies, ISSN 0008-3968, E-ISSN 1923-3051, Vol. 47, nr 1, s. 51-74Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyses the impact of neoliberalization on post-apartheid spatial practices at the new Gugulethu mall in Cape Town. It examines this impact at two levels: first, from the perspective of neoliberal processes and their ability to adapt to the local township environment and, second, from the viewpoint of the township and its permeability to these ideas and practices, specifically emphasizing the role of local brokers. We study how revolutionary discourses, imagery, spatial design and social engineering were employed to promote the business, and how these attempts were received at the everyday level in the township. We argue that contemporary, ordinary townships such as Gugulethu tell a localized story of neoliberalization processes through which global capital is rooted within South African townships.

  • 153.
    Teppo, Annika
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    Millstein, Marianne
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    The Place of Gentrification in Cape Town2015Inngår i: Global gentrifications: uneven development and displacement / [ed] Loretta Lees, Hyun Bang Shin, Ernesto López-Morales, Bristol: Policy Press, 2015, s. 419-440Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 154.
    Themnér, Anders
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation. Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    A Leap of Faith: When and How Ex-Combatants Resort to Violence2013Inngår i: Security Studies, ISSN 0963-6412, E-ISSN 1556-1852, Vol. 22, nr 2, s. 295-329Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has given scant attention to the issue of how and when ex-combatants resort to organized violence. This article fills this research gap by comparing ex-fighters in the Republic of Congo and Sierra Leone. It holds that ex-combatant violence is the result of interaction between entrepreneurs of violence, military affinities, intermediaries, and selective incentives. Ex-combatants take to arms when they have access to entrepreneurs of violence. By offering selective incentives and utilizing existing military affinities, entrepreneurs can generate the enticements and trust needed to convince ex-combatants to resort to arms. However, as entrepreneurs have limited contact with ex-fighters, they are dependent on intermediaries to do the actual recruiting for them. Contrary to previous assumptions, this article finds that ex-fighters are largely risk-averse individuals and that ex-combatant violence is seldom triggered by the mere presence of small arms, lack of economic opportunities, or experiences of insecurity.

  • 155.
    Themnér, Anders
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Commanding abuse or abusing command?: Ex-command structures and drugs in Liberia2018Inngår i: Third World Thematics : A TWQ Journal, ISSN 2380-2014, Vol. 3, nr 1, s. 46-62Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 156.
    Themnér, Anders
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Violence in Post-Conflict Societies: Remarginalization, Remobilizers and Relationships2011Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 157.
    Tobisson, Eva
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Agrarian Change, Property and Resources.
    Consequences and challenges of tourism and seaweed farming: a narrative on a coastal community in Zanzibar2013Inngår i: Western Indian Ocean journal of marine science, ISSN 0856-860X, Vol. 12, nr 2, s. 169-184Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Although international influences have affected Zanzibar for centuries, some rural areas have remained largely unaffected by globalization until a few decades ago when Zanzibar emerged as a tourist destination and commercial seaweed farming was introduced. This paper focuses on local responses to these two external drivers of change, from the perspectives of women and men on the south-eastern coast of Unguja Island where they strive to improve their livelihoods. Longitudinal social anthropological surveys using interactive methods were used to reveal the perspectives and coping strategies of individuals under multidimensional poverty. The study thus focused on micro-level diversity and diversification in the modes of livelihood over time and within broader national and global frameworks. The tourist boom in the 1990s was followed by fluctuations and a decline in backpackers who had until then benefited the local economy. Seaweed production, undertaken almost exclusively by women, has steadily increased since the late 1980s. Although it entails hard work for limited returns, seaweed has become highly significant in boosting women’s empowerment and securing their livelihood; economic diversification is central to the livelihood of poor women.

  • 158.
    Trovalla, Ulrika
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    Infrastructure becomes suprastructure2013Inngår i: Annual Report : 2012: Development Dilemmas, ISSN 1104-5256, Vol. 2012, s. 9-12Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 159.
    Udelsmann Rodrigues, Cristina
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Changes to Urban Society in Angola: From Limited to Multi-Criteria Stratification2017Inngår i: African Studies Review, ISSN 0002-0206, E-ISSN 1555-2462, Vol. 60, nr 2, s. 161-181Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the transformations to urban social stratification inAngola during the last decades. The analysis is centered on the indicators of socialdifference throughout these years: the racial criteria of the colonial times; the politicalprecedence in the first years after independence; and the multi-criteria of thepostwar period. Based on research conducted before and after the end of the civilwar in 2002, the article explores the construction and reconfiguration of urban societytoday, providing evidence of increased social mobility—despite the poverty anddeeper inequalities—and of the importance of economic and residential criteria.

  • 160.
    Udelsmann Rodrigues, Cristina
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Climate change and DIY urbanism in Luanda and Maputo: new urban strategies?2019Inngår i: International Journal of Urban Sustainable Development, ISSN 1946-3138, s. 1-13Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Climate-related phenomena historically have had an impact on the lives of urbandwellers of Luanda and Maputo. Recently, however, urban expansion and congestionof different sorts, aggravated by climate change impacts, call for renewedresponses on the part of residents. Rising sea levels and harder impacts of floodingare the most disturbing issues in the two coastal capitals, demanding both institutionalresponses and strategies of urban residents, particularly the most vulnerable.Based on qualitative data collected in Luanda and Maputo, this article describes howurban residents aim to mitigate and adapt to the effects of climate change and bydoing so, shape the cities they live in and their environment.

  • 161.
    Udelsmann Rodrigues, Cristina
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Configuring the living environment in mining areas in Angola: contestations between mining companies, workers, local communities and the state2017Inngår i: The Extractive Industries and Society, ISSN 2214-790X, E-ISSN 2214-7918, Vol. 4, nr 4, s. 727-734Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 162.
    Udelsmann Rodrigues, Cristina
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Migração, Movimento e Urbanização em Angola e Moçambique2018Inngår i: Desafios para Moçambique 2018 / [ed] Salvador Forquilha, Maputo: Instituto de Estudos Sociais e Económicos , 2018, s. 449-470Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 163.
    Udelsmann Rodrigues, Cristina
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Organization and Representation of Informal Workers in São Tomé and Príncipe: State Agency and Sectoral Informal Alternatives2017Inngår i: African Studies Quarterly: The Online Journal of African Studies, ISSN 1093-2658, ISSN 2152-2448, nr 2, s. 1-22Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In São Tomé and Príncipe, both the size of the informal economy and the scope of the mechanisms of organization and representation are little known. A research conducted recently showed that the almost always limited and irregular incomes generated in this sector are also associated with precarity and a lack of social protection mechanisms. While initiatives led by the state and supported by international funders positioned unions as privileged organizations for representing and supporting the workers in this sector, the limited results generated opportunities for the creation of sectoral bottom-up initiatives. The discussion is then focused on the areas addressed by the initiatives of specific sectors and types of activity – taxi and motorbike drivers and money exchangers – comparing the outcomes with those of the unions in terms of increased social protection and representation.   

  • 164.
    Udelsmann Rodrigues, Cristina
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Precarity in Angolan diamond mining towns, 1920–2014: tracing agency of the state, mining companies and urban households2018Inngår i: Journal of Modern African Studies, ISSN 0022-278X, E-ISSN 1469-7777, Vol. 56, nr 1, s. 113-141Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    After nearly 30 years of civil war, Angola gained peace in 2002. The country’s diamond and oil wealth affords the national government the means to pursue economic reconstruction and urban development. However, in the diamond-producing region of Lunda Sul, where intense fighting between MPLA and UNITA forces was waged, the legacy of war lingers on in the form of livelihood uncertainty and uneven access to the benefits of the state’s urban development programmes. There are three main interactive agents of urban change: the Angolan state, the mining corporations, and not least urban residents. The period has been one of shifting alignments of responsibility for urban housing, livelihoods and welfare provisioning. Beyond the pressures of post-war adjustment, the wider context of global capital investment and labour market restructuring has introduced a new surge of corporate mining investment and differentiated patterns of prosperity and precarity in Lunda Sul.

  • 165.
    Udelsmann Rodrigues, Cristina
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Private condominiums in Luanda: more than just the safety of walls, a new way of living2018Inngår i: Social Dynamics, ISSN 0253-3952, E-ISSN 1940-7874, Vol. 44, nr 2, s. 341-358Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Since its independence in 1975, Angola’s capital Luanda has beengoing through deep processes of demographic, economic, socialand physical transformations. In this article, apart from introducing the case study of private condominiums in the general discussion on urban studies in the Global South, we focus on the dynamics of transformations regarding housing for the mid/upper strata, providing the background for the emergence and recent expansion ofgated communities/condominiums, a phenomenon that has acquired major importance in the recent decades in Luanda. The specialised literature relates the demand for and multiplication of these residential structures in Africa with issues such as the search for safety associated with demonstrations of exclusive lifestyles. In the case of Luanda, the authors found––through a case study and qualitative data collected among residents and non-residents of condominiums––that, contrary to the results from other studies, condominiums in Luanda are essentially sought after primarily for functional reasons such as access to infrastructure and better living.

  • 166.
    Udelsmann Rodrigues, Cristina
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Urban Modernity versus the Blood Diamond Legacy: Angola’s Urban Mining Settlements in the Aftermath of War2017Inngår i: Journal of Southern African Studies, ISSN 0305-7070, E-ISSN 1465-3893, Vol. 43, nr 6, s. 1215-1234Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    For most of the latter half of the 20th century, war carved the contours of settlement and mining activity in Angola. The aim of this article is twofold: first, to contrast migrant andurban livelihoods during the war, distinguishing between artisanal guerrilla diamond-diggingsettlements and the refuge ‘government cities’, and, secondly, to compare recent patternsof migration, livelihoods, mineral production and aspirations among urban residents. This article focuses on four urban settlements in the Lundas’ diamond-producing provinces, tracing wartime diamond growth in boom towns and cantonment in government cities. Post-war urban regeneration is characterised by investment in formal planned cities, and constraints on the informal mining boom towns and their garimpo artisanal miners. Questions are posed regarding these settlements’ population movements, livelihoods, residents’ conceptions of urban life and their quest for modernity. Amidst the multiplicity of wartime legacies and the envisaged reconstruction, renewed perceptions of urban life are increasingly focused on non-mining livelihoods.

  • 167.
    Ukiwo, Ukoha
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Causes and cures of oil-related Niger Delta conflicts2009Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Nigeria’s political and economic fortunes and the country’s ability to play a stabilizing role in the African region partly depend on the resolution of the lingering Niger Delta conflict. The Niger Delta covers nine out of 36 states and 185 out of 774 local government areas of the Nigerian federation. It occupies a total land area of 75,000 square kilometers and is the world’s third largest wetlands. The 2006 Nigerian population census shows that 30 million out of the country’s 140 million people reside in the Niger Delta region. Nearly all of Nigeria’s oil and gas reserves are located in the region. Oil and gas have accounted for about 40 per cent of Nigeria’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) since 1990. Between 2000 and 2004, oil and gas accounted for 75 per cent of total government revenues and 97 per cent of foreign exchange. Apart from being vital to Nigeria’s fiscal viability, the Niger Delta is important to global energy security.

  • 168.
    Ukiwo, Ukoha
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Les causes et les remèdes des conflits pétroliers du Delta du Niger2009Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [fr]

    Les fortunes économique et politique du Nigéria, et la capacité du pays à jouer un rôle stabilisant dans la région africaine, dépendent de la résolution du conflit qui persiste dans la zone du delta du Niger. Le delta couvre neuf états, sur un total de 36, et 185 des 774 gouvernements locaux de la fédération nigériane. Il occupe une étendue totale de 75,000 mètres carrés et constitue la troisième plus grande zone humide de la terre. Le recensement Nigérien de 2006 montreque 30 million d’habitants, sur une population total de 185 million, résident dans la région du delta du Niger. La quasi-totalité des réseaux de gaz et de pétrole du Nigéria sont situés dans la région. Depuis 1990, le pétrole et le gaz représentent environ 40% du produit intérieur brut (PIB). Entre 2000 et 2004, ces deux industries ont engendré 75% des revenus totales du gouvernement, et ont généré 97% des échanges commerciaux. En plus d´être essentiel à la viabilité financière du Nigéria, le delta du Niger est important pour la sécurité énergétique mondiale.

  • 169.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Diamanter är för evigt - men Sierra Leonsk ungdom är utbytbar2007Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 170.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation. Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    Freetown: Berättelser från den osynliga staden2007Inngår i: Den Ny Verden, ISSN 0029-6775, Vol. 40, nr 2, s. 27-37Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 171.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Sexual abuse survivors and the complex of traditional healing: (G)local prospects in the aftermath of an African war2009Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In its efforts to assist post-conflict societies in africa the international aid community has acitvely promoted projects of psycho-social healing among people traumatized during wars and violent conflict. To a large degree these projects have been established in the tradtion of Western psychology. More recently, however, it has been realized in order to help survivors of war effectivley it is necessary to adapt projects and enhance “local” psycho-social healing. This policy report locates the structures – with local legitimacy – that are available to young people who experienced sexual abuse during the Sierra Leone civil war (1991–2002). To this end, this booklet discusses a healing complex that comprises a number of overlapping actors, including herbalists, Zoe Mammies (heads of the female secret societies), Mori-men (Muslim healers); Karamokos (Muslim teachers) and Christian pastors.

    CONTENTS

    1. Introduction

    2. Scope of the study

    2.1 Methods

    2.2 Research ethichs

    3. Limitations of the study

    4. War-related sexual abuse

    4.1 Quantitative findings

    4.2 Qualitative findings

    4.3 Turning a page? Sexual abuse in post-war reality

    5. Variations of traditional healing

    5.1 Notes on mental illness in Sierra Leone

    5.2 The healing complex6. Traditional healing of sexual abuse

    6.1 From the girls’ and young women’s perspective

    6.2 The herbalist

    6.3 The Karamoko and the Mori-man

    6.4 The Soweh mammy and female herbalist (Kuntumoi musu)

    6.5 Cleansing the bush

    6.6 The pastor

    6.7 Talking trauma – notes on counselling

    7. Findings and recommendations

    7.1 Social approaches towards the sexually abused

    7.2 Girls’ and young women’s practices related totraditional healing

    7.3 Findings on traditional healers

    7.4 Recommendations

    Appendices

  • 172.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Urban youth and post-conflict Africa: On policy priorities2012Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Youth in urban areas of post-war African countries lead lives that are not very different from non-post-war societies. In fact it is often hard to separate battle-hardened ex-combatants from street-hardened urban youth in general. In this context, youth is a social category of people living in volatile and dire life conditions rather than a group defined by age. It is people who are no longer children, but who have yet to become social adults, people who have been marginalized into what they see as a chronic state of youthhood. It is the number of social youth, not the number of an age-categorized “youth bulge”, that poses a danger for stability in many African countries. This way of defining youth demands special efforts and raises special concerns when international donor communities create and implement youth-specific projects in post-conflict areas. Related to that, this policy note reflects on number of issues that will help improve the results of such projects through knowing and using existing social structures, including gender relations, the problems of social elites and the advantages of utilizing already existing systems of labor training.

  • 173.
    Utas, Mats
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Lindell, Ilda
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    Networked City Life in Africa: Introduction2012Inngår i: Urban Forum, ISSN 1015-3802, E-ISSN 1874-6330, Vol. 23, nr 4, s. 409-414Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 174.
    Wallenius, Anna-Britta
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Libraries in East Africa1971Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    A collection of papers dealing with the situation in the library world in East Africa at the end of the 1960s.

  • 175.
    Åkesson, Lisa
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Migration, mobility and transnational relations. Göteborgs universitet.
    Obstacles and openings: returnees and small-scale businesses in Cape Verde2015Inngår i: Africa's return migrants: the new developers? / [ed] Lisa Åkesson and Maria Eriksson Baaz, London ; Uppsala: Zed Books ; Nordiska Afrikainstutet , 2015, s. 152-172Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 176.
    Åkesson, Lisa
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Migration, mobility and transnational relations. Göteborgs universitet.
    Eriksson Baaz, MariaNordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation. Göteborgs universitet.
    Africa's return migrants: the new developers?2015Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Many African migrants residing abroad nurture a hope to one day return, at least temporarily, to their home country. In the wake of economic crises in the developed world, alongside rapid economic growth in parts of Africa, the impetus to 'return' is likely to increase. Such returnees are often portrayed as agents of development, bringing with them capital, knowledge and skills as well as connections and experience gained abroad. Yet, the reality is altogether more complex.

    In this much-needed volume, based on extensive original fieldwork, the authors reveal that there is all too often a gaping divide between abstract policy assumptions and migrants' actual practices. In contrast to the prevailing optimism of policies on migration and development, Africa's Return Migrants demonstrates that the capital obtained abroad is not always advantageous and that it can even hamper successful entrepreneurship and other forms of economic, political and social engagement.

  • 177.
    Åkesson, Lisa
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Migration, mobility and transnational relations. Göteborgs universitet.
    Eriksson Baaz, Maria
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation. Göteborgs universitet.
    Introduction: [Africa's return migrants]2015Inngår i: Africa's return migrants: the new developers? / [ed] Lisa Åkesson and Maria Eriksson Baaz, London ; Uppsala: Zed Books ; Nordiska Afrikainstutet , 2015, s. 1-22Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 178.
    Åkesson, Mattias
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Official publications2014Inngår i: Studying Africa: a guide to the sources / / [ed] Marianne Andersson, Uppsala: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, 2014, 3, s. 59-64Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
1234 151 - 178 of 178
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