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  • 201.
    Berglund, Brita
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Gambia1975 (ed. 3)Book (Other academic)
  • 202. Bernander, Elisabeth
    Swahili1964Book (Other academic)
  • 203.
    Beshir, Mohamed Omer
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Diversity regionalism and national unity1979Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This research report is concerned with the irrelation between cultural diversity and continental and national unity.

  • 204.
    Bey, Maissa
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Malmström, Monica
    After independence2010Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Maïssa Bey discusses her new novel 'Bleu Blanc Vert', about time after the Algerian independence struggle with translator Monica Malmström.

  • 205.
    Beyene, Atakilte
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Agricultural transformation in Ethiopia: state policy and smallholder farming2018Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    For thousands of years, Ethiopia has depended on its smallholding farmers to provide the bulk of its food needs. But now, such farmers find themselves under threat from environmental degradation, climate change and declining productivity. As a result, smallholder agriculture has increasingly become subsistence-oriented, with many of these farmers trapped in a cycle of poverty. Smallholders have long been marginalised by mainstream development policies, and only more recently has their crucial importance been recognised for addressing rural poverty through agricultural reform.

    This collection, written by leading Ethiopian scholars, explores the scope and impact of Ethiopia’s policy reforms over the past two decades on the smallholder sector. Focusing on the Lake Tana basin in northwestern Ethiopia, an area with untapped potential for growth, the contributors argue that any effective policy will need to go beyond agriculture to consider the role of health, nutrition and local food customs, as well as including increased safeguards for smallholder’s land rights. They in turn show that smallholders represent a vitally overlooked component of development strategy, not only in Ethiopia but across the global South.

  • 206.
    Beyene, Atakilte
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Agrarian Change, Property and Resources.
    Agricultural water institutions in East Africa2015Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Climate change is causing growing variability and uncertainty in rainfall in Africa. Since the continent's food production systems are dominantly rain-fed, these changes are putting food security at even higher risk. In order to reduce this dependency, institutional reforms in the agricultural water sectors have become a priority in research and policy.

    In this report, Atakilte Beyene, senior researcher at the Nordic Africa Institute, together with twelve researchers based in Africa, studies current agricultural water reforms in Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, and other East African countries. The report consists of four case studies and an introductory section. The first case study evaluates the performance of community participation in water resources governance in the Mount Kenya Region. It uncovers the implication of a ban on traditional institutions on water security at a catchment level. The second case analyses the prospects of introducing pro-poor water schemes in conditions where climate change and water inequality are already challenges. It identifies incentive mechanisms that enhance more efficient distribution and utilization of water resources. The third case examines impacts of competitive and intensive farming strategies, especially irrigation schemes, on water demands. The final case study explores how advances in information and communication technologies improve water-use management systems across organizational and geographic scales.

  • 207.
    Beyene, Atakilte
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Concluding remarks2018In: Agricultural transformation in Ethiopia: state policy and smallholder farming / [ed] Atakilte Beyene, London ; Uppsala: Zed Books ; Nordiska Afrikainstutet , 2018, p. 180-185Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 208.
    Beyene, Atakilte
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Agrarian Change, Property and Resources.
    Costly not to consider local resistance: Advice on agricultural investments in Africa2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Failures in considering and properly addressing local resistance have become costly for both the local people and the investors. Land acquisition policies need to be accompanied by mechanisms that address local grievances and conflicts. These aspects are crucial not only to alleviate unjust practices, but also to enhance confidence of investors and performance of the investments.

  • 209.
    Beyene, Atakilte
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Land consolidation, canals and apps: reshaping agriculture in Ethiopia2019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Over the last 15 years, Ethiopia has seen remarkable economic growth. The agricultural sector is part of this growth, but its proportional contribution to the overall economy has gone down. There is an urgent need to transform Ethiopian agriculture, not least when it comes to the inefficient land laws that impede young people from investing in farmland. This policy note identifies the structural problems that constrain such a transformation and gives recommendations on how they can be addressed.

  • 210.
    Beyene, Atakilte
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Large-scale canal irrigation management by smallholder farmers2018In: Agricultural transformation in Ethiopia: state policy and smallholder farming / [ed] Atakilte Beyene, London ; Uppsala: Zed Books ; Nordiska Afrikainstutet , 2018, p. 63-79Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 211.
    Beyene, Atakilte
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Agrarian Change, Property and Resources.
    Large-scale land acquisitions in Tanzania and Ethiopia: a comparative perspective2015In: Looking back, looking ahead: land, agriculture and society in East Africa : a festschrift for Kjell Havnevik / [ed] Michael Ståhl, Uppsala: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, 2015, p. 170-181Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 212.
    Beyene, Atakilte
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Agrarian Change, Property and Resources.
    Small farms under stress play a huge role for Africa: smallholder agriculture and emerging global challenges2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Widespread poverty as well as food and income insecurity plague Africa’s dominant smallholder agriculture. Paradoxically, the very people who mainly depend on agriculture are not able to secure their own food and nutrition needs. Today, three-quarters of Africa’s malnourished children and the majority of people living in absolute poverty are found among the smallholder farmers who are key to the development of the continent.

  • 213.
    Beyene, Atakilte
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    State policies and questions of agrarian transformation2018In: Agricultural transformation in Ethiopia: state policy and smallholder farming / [ed] Atakilte Beyene, London ; Uppsala: Zed Books ; Nordiska Afrikainstutet , 2018, p. 1-22Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 214.
    Beyene, Atakilte
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Adetula, Victor
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Ethiopia in the United Nations Security Council 2017-20182017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Enforce the ‘African solutions to African problems’ principle in the UN and promote cooperation with the African Union and its regional communities. That is what Ethiopia should work for during its two-year term in the Security Council. To perform on this global stage, the Ethiopian government has to address its domestic democracy and governance issues.

  • 215.
    Beyene, Atakilte
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Ngonzo Luwesi, CushUniversity of Kwango.
    Water finance innovations in context2018Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 216.
    Beyene, Atakilte
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Ngonzo Luwesi, Cush
    University of Kwango.
    Why does Africa need innovative water financing mechanisms?: prologue2018In: Water finance innovations in context / [ed] Atakilte Beyene and Cush Ngonzo Luwesi, Uppsala: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, 2018, p. 17-38Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 217.
    Beyene, Atakilte
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Sandström, Emil
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Emerging water frontiers in large-scale land acquisitions and implications for food security in Africa2016In: Water and food: from hunter-gatherers to global production in Africa / [ed] Terje Tvedt and Terje Oestigaard, London: I.B. Tauris, 2016, p. 502-520Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 218.
    Beyene, Michael
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Investing in Acacia Senegal - lessons from the Sudanese experience to Eritrea1993Report (Other academic)
  • 219.
    Bgoya, Walter
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Åkesson, Birgit
    Mask of the spring water2010Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    The choreographer Birgit Åkesson wrote a groundbreaking book about African dance. It will now be launched in Tanzania. The publisher Walter Bgoya presents it.

  • 220.
    Bhagavan, Malur Ramanna
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    A critique of "appropriate" technology for underdeveloped countries1979Report (Other academic)
  • 221.
    Bhagavan, Malur Ramanna
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Angola: prospects for socialist industrialisation1980Report (Other academic)
  • 222.
    Bhagavan, Malur Ramanna
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Angola's political economy 1975-19851986Report (Other academic)
  • 223.
    Bhagavan, Malur Ramanna
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Inter-relations between technological choices and industrial strategies in third world countries1979Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The major hypothesis of this work is that the choice of industrial strategy decisively determines the choice of technology, and not the other way round.

  • 224.
    Bhagavan, Malur Ramanna
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    The energy sector in SADCC countries: policies, priorities and options in the context of the African crisis1985Report (Other academic)
  • 225.
    Bhagavan, Malur Ramanna
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Zambia: impact of industrial strategy on regional imbalance and social inequality1978Report (Other academic)
  • 226.
    Bigsten, Arne
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Danielson, Anders
    Tanzania: is the ugly duckling finally growing up?2001Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The title of this report is inspired by the great Danish author Hans Christian Andersen who in the child's tale "Den Grimme Ælling" ("The Ugly Duckling") tells the story of a particularly ugly duckling. She is so ugly, in fact, that she is despised and disliked by all other ducks and ducklings. After a long and painful period of time, however, she grows up - but not to become an ugly duck. Instead she becomes a beautiful white swan, admired by all. So Andersen's tale has a happy ending-at least as far as the ugly duckling goes. The major question tackled in this report is whether a similar fate is awaiting Tanzania. Having been something of an enfant terrible since the deep crisis in the early 1980s, economic progress since 1995 provides some hope that the duckling period is Tanzania is finally over.

    The study initially emerged as part of the "Emerging Africa" research program launched by the OECD's Development Centre in 1997. Comments from participants in that research program are gratefully acknowledged, particularly Jean-Claude Berthélemy (project leader), Aristomene Varoudakis and Ludvig Söderlind. Jean Bonvin, President of the Development Centre (until spring, 1999) guided the project from the start. The project was financed by generous grants from the governments of Switzerland and Belgium.

     

  • 227.
    Bigsten, Arne
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Durevall, Dick
    The African economy and its role in the world economy2008Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In a broad survey this issue of Current African Issues presents a multifaceted picture of the current state of the African economy. After a period of falling per capita incomes that started in the 1970s, Africa finally saw a turnaround from about 1995. The last few years have seen average per capita incomes in Africa grow by above 3 per cent per year on average, partly due to the resource boom but also due to improved economic policies. Africa receives more aid per capita than any other major region in the world and there is a significantly positive effect of aid on growth. One of the most notable aspects of the current process of globalisation is the increase in trade between Sub-Saharan Africa and Asia, particularly China and India. The authors conclude with a call for policy coherence among donors. The politically most problematic areas for policy change of those discussed in the paper are not aid policy but trade policy and the European Union CAP (Common Agricultural Policy). This is a challenge to EU policy makers, since the latter areas are probably the most important to change if we take our commitment to development seriously.

  • 228.
    Bigsten, Arne
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Kayizzi-Mugerwa, Steve
    Is Uganda an emerging economy?: a report for the OECD project "Emerging Africa"2001Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In spite of serious external shocks and political destabilisation in part of the country, Uganda has remained a good economic performer since the late 1980s, with over a decade of high per capita growth in excess of three per cent.

    This study concludes that Uganda's medium to long-term success will depend on the achievements in institutional reforms, including raising the quality of the civil service, curbing corruption and implementing an effective regulatory framework. This is important as a poorly functioning public sector is both unable to uphold the rule of law, thus losing the public goodwill necessary for implementing new measures, and a burden on the private sector as it implies increased transaction costs.

    There is a widespread domestic and international concern that the civil strife in the Great Lakes Region might lead Uganda and its neighbours from the path of economic reform back to socio-economic instability.

  • 229.
    Bigsten, Arne
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Kebede, BereketShimeles, Abebe
    Poverty, income distribution and labour markets in Ethiopia2005Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Ethiopia is one of the poorest countries in the world with a per capita income of just over US$100. Understanding the causes of the country's widespread poverty is of the utmost importance. Until recently, however, very little household data was available. This study deals with the many aspects of poverty and income distribution in Ethiopia. It analyses the determinants of poverty and how its conditions have changed in both rural and urban areas over time. Rural and urban poverty profiles and the dynamics of poverty are examined, measurements taken of consumption poverty are compared with individual perceptions of poverty, and an analysis is made of the distribution of intra-household expenditure and the dynamics of income distribution. In addition, the functioning of the urban labour market returns to education, and the effects of education on household welfare are investigated. Finally, there is extensive discussion of the wide range of policies that need to be coordinated for poverty reduction in Ethiopia.

  • 230.
    Bijlmakers, Leon A.
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Basset, Mary T.
    Sanders, David M.
    Health and structural adjustment in rural and urban Zimbabwe1996Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report attempts to intervene in the discussion on the social effects of structural adjustment through an empirically-based assessment of the impact of the Economic Structural Adjustment Programme (ESAP) of the Zimbabwean state on the country's health sector. The author's conclude that ESAP has resulted in a serious degradation of the poor in Zimbabwe, and an overall decline in the health status of the working poor, which the Social Dimensions Fund has failed to mitigate.

  • 231.
    Bijlmakers, Leon A.
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Basset, Mary T.
    Sanders, David M.
    Socioeconomic stress, health and child nutritional status in Zimbabwe at a time of economic structural adjustment: a three-year longitudinal study1998Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report intervenes in the debate on the implications of structural adjustment for the social sector in Africa. It finds a strong association between structural adjustment implementation and a sharp deterioration both in the household economy and in the health status of the working poor in urban and rural Zimbabwe.

  • 232.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    Uppsala universitet, Kulturantropologiska avdelningen.
    A Mobile Life Story: Tracing Hopefulness in the Life and Dreams of a Young Ivorian Migrant2009In: Migration Letters, ISSN 1741-8984, E-ISSN 1741-8992, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 119-129Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 233.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    A mobile life story: Tracing hopefulness in the life and dreams of a young Ivorian Migrant2019In: Reader in Qualitative Methods in Migration Research / [ed] Ibrahim Sirkeci, Theodoros Iosifides, Carla DeTona, London: Transnational Press London , 2019, p. 129-138Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The analysis suggests an adaptation of the life history interview as a method in qualitative migration studies. By joining four analytical concepts into an overall methodological framework, the mobile life story is intended to guide the exploration of the subjective experiences of migrants at various stages of a migrant trajectory. The notion of ‘mobility’ evokes a holistic orientation in the study of migrant biographies; the unpredictability that characterises the social practice of migrants is captured through the concept of ‘hopefulness’; the concept of ‘vital conjunctures’ is argued to provide a temporal delimitation and a focus for the organising of a life history interview; and the spatial dimension of the methodology is delimited through the concept of ‘emplacement’. As opposed to a migration history, the mobile life story explores the significant transformations that have characterised the migrant’s past and relates these defining moments to the broader migration history.

  • 234.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    Uppsala universitet, Kulturantropologiska avdelningen.
    Att döda för att leva?: Unga kombattanter i gränslandet mellan Burkina Faso och Elfenbenskusten2014In: Resurser och politik i Afrika / [ed] Sten Hagberg & Gabriella Körling, Stockholm: Svenska Sällskapet för Antropologi och Geografi , 2014, p. 107-126Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 235.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Between Labor Mígration and Forced Displacement: Wartime Mobilities in the Burkina Faso-Côte d'Ivoire Transnational Space2016In: Conflict and Society, ISSN 2164-4551, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 52-67Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The significant number of involuntary returns of labor migrants to Burkina Faso is a relatively neglected aspect of the armed confl ict in Côte d’Ivoire. Between 500,000 and 1 million Burkinabe migrants were forced to leave Côte d’Ivoire between 2000 and 2007, placing tremendous pressure on local communities in Burkina Faso to receive and integrate these mass arrivals, and causing those returning labor migrants an acute sense of displacement. Th is article analyzes the experiences of displacement and resettlement in the context of the Ivorian crisis and explores the dialectics of displacement and emplacement in the lives of involuntary labor migrant returnees; their young adult children; and Burkinabe recruits returning aft er their service in the Forces Nouvelles rebel forces in Côte d’Ivoire.

  • 236.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Book Review: Childhood Deployed: Remaking Child Soldiers in Sierra Leone by Susan Shepler. New York University Press, 2014. xiv + 223 pages $89 (hardcover), $26 (paper), ISBN 978-0-8147-7025-2.2017In: Journal on Education in Emergencies, ISSN 2518-6833, Vol. 3, no 1, p. 129-131Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 237.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Cross-border perpetrator recruitment in the Ivorian civil war: The motivations and experiences of young Burkinabe men in the Forces Nouvelles rebel movement2018In: Perpetrators and perpetration of mass violence: Actions, motivations and dynamics / [ed] Timothy Williams and Susanne Buckley-Zistel, Abingdon, Oxon ; New York, NY: Routledge, 2018, p. 169-186Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 238.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Côte d'Ivoire2018In: Africa Yearbook: Politics, Economy and Society South of the Sahara in 2017 / [ed] Jon Abbink, Victor Adetula, Andreas Mehler and Henning Melber, Leiden: Brill , 2018, p. 70-78Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 239.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi.
    Diaspora at Home?: Wartime Mobilities in the Burkina Faso-Côte d'Ivoire Transnational Space2013Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the period 1999-2007, more than half a million Burkinabe returned to Burkina Faso due to the persecution of immigrant labourers in neighbouring Côte d’Ivoire. Ultranationalist debates about the criteria for Ivorian citizenship had intensified during the 1990s and led to the scapegoating of immigrants in a political rhetoric centred on notions of autochthony and xenophobia. Having been actively encouraged to immigrate by the Ivorian state for generations, Burkinabe migrant labourers were now forced to leave their homes and livelihoods behind and return to a country they had left in their youth or, as second-generation immigrants in Côte d’Ivoire, had never seen.

    Based on 12 months of ethnographic fieldwork in Burkina Faso and Côte d’Ivoire, the thesis explores the narratives and everyday practices of returning labour migrants in Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso’s second-largest city, in order to understand the subjective experiences of displacement that the forced return to Burkina Faso engendered. The analysis questions the appropriateness of the very notion of “return” in this context and suggests that people’s senses of home are multiplex and tend to rely more on the ability to pursue active processes of emplacement in everyday life than on abstract notions of belonging, e.g. relating to citizenship or ethnicity.

    The study analyses intergenerational interactions within and across migrant families in the city and on transformations of intra-familial relations in the context of forced displace-ment. A particular emphasis is placed on the experiences of young adults who were born and raised in Côte d’Ivoire and arrived in Burkina Faso for the first time during the Ivorian crisis. These young men and women were received with scepticism in Burkina Faso because of their perceived “Ivorian” upbringing, language, and behaviour and were forced to face new forms of stigmatisation and exclusion. At the same time, young migrants were able to exploit their labelling as outsiders and turn their difference into an advantage in the competition for scarce employment opportunities and social connections.

  • 240.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Ghassan Hage. 2015. Alter‐politics. Critical anthropology and the radical imagination. Melbourne: Melbourne University Press. 241 pp. Pb.: US$59.99. ISBN: 9780522867381.2017In: Social Anthropology, ISSN 0964-0282, E-ISSN 1469-8676, Vol. 25, no 1, p. 115-117Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 241.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    Uppsala universitet, Kulturantropologiska avdelningen.
    Informal Regimes of (In)Security in Guinea-Conakry: An Assessment of the Workings of Elite Networks and their Big Men in View of the Military Takeover of December 20082010Report (Other academic)
  • 242.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    John Thabiti Willis, Masquerading Politics: kinship, gender, and ethnicity in aYoruba town. Bloomington IN: Indiana University Press (hb US$85 – 978 0253 03144 0; pb US$35 – 978 0 253 03146 4). 2017, xiii + 198 pp.2019In: Africa: The Journal of the International African Institute, ISSN 1750-0184, Vol. 89, no 2, p. 422-423Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 243.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Maybritt Jill Alpes. 2017. Brokering high‐risk migration and illegality in West Africa. Abroad at any cost. London/New York: Routledge. 234 pp. Hb.: £110. ISBN: 9781472441119.2018In: Social Anthropology, ISSN 0964-0282, E-ISSN 1469-8676, Vol. 26, no 4, p. 575-576Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 244.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    Uppsala universitet, Kulturantropologiska avdelningen.
    Om håbefuldhed og håbløshed i Korhogo2010In: Jordens Folk, ISSN 0021-7484, no 1, p. 5-11Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 245.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    Department of Anthropology, University of Copenhagen.
    On the Move: Young Men Navigating Paths towards Adulthood in Gueule Tapée (Dakar)2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 246.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Migration, mobility and transnational relations.
    Rethinking the Mediterranean crisis: advice for policy makers facing a humanitarian catastrophe2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Create legal entry points into the EU and start recruiting labour through EU embassies in Africa. But don’t forget to take into account the individual aspirations and capabilities of the migrants. Here are some recommendations for policy makers seeking a solution to the Mediterranean crisis.

    • The significant proportion of migrants from Sub-Saharan Africa must be taken into account when seeking solution to the Mediterranean crisis
    • Interventions should prioritise long-term solutions that take the aspirations and capabilities of migrants and refugees into account
    • Creation of legal entry points into the EU should be a central priority, in order to remove the incentive for future migrants to risk their lives at sea
    • Active recruitment of labour through EU embassies in Africa would further reduce the incentive to pursue illegal means of entering Europe.
  • 247.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    The Nordic Africa Institute, African International Links.
    Social Branding in Urban Burkina Faso2014In: Nordic Journal of African Studies, ISSN 1235-4481, E-ISSN 1459-9465, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 83-99Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the past decade Diaspo youths – second generation immigrants in Côte d’Ivoire who were forced to migrate to their parents’ country of origin, Burkina Faso, during the Ivorian civil war– have become a visible presence in Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso’s second largest city. By consciously displaying their Ivorian origins, they have provoked both the admiration and resentment of local youths, whose ambivalence towards the outspoken and colourful newcomers stems from Côte d’Ivoire’s central role as a destination for Burkinabé labour migrants since the colonial period. Regardless of this animosity, Diaspo youth culture has made its mark on the city.

    This paper explores the response of Diaspo youths to their social stigmatisation and argues that their claims to recognition and access may be understood as a process of social branding. It may be seen as a self-aware performance of otherness, intended to evoke a collective identity that is mediated through a specific set of aesthetics to a well-defined audience.

  • 248.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Urban Dynamics.
    The ambivalence of neighbourhood in urban Burkina Faso2015In: Anthropology Southern Africa, ISSN 2332-3256, Vol. 38, no 3-4, p. 331-343Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 249.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    The Politics of Inclusion and Exclusion in Urban Burkina Faso2018In: What Politics?: Youth and Political engagement in Africa / [ed] Elina Oinas, Henri Onodera and Leena Suurpää, Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2018, p. 123-140Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 250.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi.
    Waves of Disaster – Waves of Relief: An Ethnography of Humanitarian Assistance to Post-Tsunami Sri Lanka2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper applies an impressionistic and reflexive genre of ethnography to understand the ethnographer’s meeting with the humanitarian aid workers in post-tsunami Sri Lanka. It offers an analysis of the political atmosphere in the country prior to the tsunami as a central framework for understanding current tensions and debates over the distribution of tsunami aid resources, and traces the emergence of what has been termed Sinhala-Buddhist nationalism. Based on three months of ethnographic fieldwork from April to July 2005 among aid workers at the central level in Colombo and a careful attention to the rhetorics and arguments that characterized the writings in the Sri Lankan press during this period, the paper argues that while public debates over tsunami aid distribution has been entwined with political rivalries between the Sri Lankan government, and Sinhala and Tamil nationalist groups, the everyday reality of international humanitarians evolved around the forming of a common development language to categorise the demands of the aid intervention and on the performances of individual organisations, personified by a limited number of individuals in the professional fora of the humanitarians in Colombo.

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