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  • 251. Boesen, Jannik
    et al.
    Havnevik, KjellThe Nordic Africa Institute.Koponen, JuhaniThe Nordic Africa Institute.Odgaard, Rie
    Tanzania: crisis and struggle for survival1986Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This is one of the first comprehensive books on the crisis of the Tanzanian economy and society during the 1980s, including the manifestations of the problems and the responses to them at different levels. It frankly examines the long-term causes of the crisis and endeavours to map ways ahead.

  • 252.
    Boesen, Jannik
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Mohele, A. T.
    The "success story" of peasant tobacco production in Tanzania: the political economy of a commodity producing peasantry1979Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This book studies how Tanzania in a period of 25-30 years became a tobacco producer and exporter. But its emphasis is on production, and therefore on the producers. It analyses the processes that made Tanzanians into peasant producers of tobacco for the international market. The dynamics of the organization of production under changing conditions of production. The effects on the development of productive forces, reproduction processes and the standard of living among the producers.

  • 253.
    Boesen, Jannik
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Storgaard Madsen, Birgit
    Moody, Tony
    Ujamaa: socialism from above1977Book (Other academic)
  • 254.
    Bond, Patrick
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    South Africa and global apartheid: continental and international policies and politics2004Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study covers a variety of political and economic aspects of Africa's and South Africa's relationships to the world. The author considers the context of global apartheid, in terms of international stagnation, uneven development and African marginalisation, and evaluates the South African setting as a telling site of worsening inequality. Where does then the New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD) stand on the largest economic and political problems? South Africa's other proposed global reforms are also discussed. Finally, the author records an emerging ideology based not on commodification via globalisation but on decommodification and deglobalisation, and the strategies, tactics and alliances required for African and international progress.

    CONTENT

    The context of global apartheid

    Class apartheid in South Africa

    NEPAD economics and global apartheid

    Whose NEPAD?

    South Africa’s frustrated international reforms

    Conclusion: African anti-capitalism?

    Figures and Table

  • 255. Bondestam, Lars
    Population growth control in Kenya1972Report (Other academic)
  • 256.
    Bondestam, Lars
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Some notes on African statistics: collection, reliability and interpretation1973Report (Other academic)
  • 257.
    Bongartz, Maria
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    The civil war in Somalia: its genesis and dynamics1991Report (Other academic)
  • 258.
    Booth, Charlotte
    et al.
    Life & Peace Institute .
    Norberg, CarinThe Nordic Africa Institute.
    Somalia: a nation without a state2008Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Report from four public seminars on the conflict in Somalia, held during October and November 2007 in Stockholm, Sweden with Nuruddin Farah, Somali Novelist, Roland Marchal, Senior Research Fellow at the Centre d’Études et de Recherches Internationales, Paris, Asha Hagi, member of the Somalia Transitional Federal Parliament and civil society activist, Jens Odlander, Swedish Ambassador for the Somali Peace Process, Shane Quinn, Programme officer at the Life and Peace Institute, Sweden, and Sahra Bargadle and Hayan Ismail from the swedish-somali Diaspora. Marika Fahlén, Special Advisor for the Horn of Africa at the Swedish Ministry for Foreign Affairs acted as moderator for the panel discussion.The seminars were jointly organized by the Life and Peace Institute, The Nordic Africa Institute and ABF Stockholm.

  • 259.
    Bovin, Mette
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Nomads who cultivate beauty: wodaabe dances and visual arts in Niger2001Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Why do young men use mirrors and make-up more than girls? Why do the Wodaabe nomads of West Africa have beauty parades for men? Wodaabe's extraordinary and unique live performances are often misunderstood by outsiders. The book provides some answers about these aesthetic activities. One answer is courtship and "wife-stealing ceremonies" involving enemy clans, another is ethnic identity. Beauty and existence are linked. Wodaabe dances and visual arts are not "exotic" but are arenas for social action and identity politics in the largely agricultural society of the arid regions of Niger, Nigeria and Chad.

    The author describes Wodaabe cultural choices as "active archaisation". Different art forms are analysed in the light of identity construction by the Wodaabe. Their elaborate cultivation of beauty in make-up, tattoos, body paintings, calabash carvings, embroideries, and architecture all follow the principle of symmetry and order in the cosmos. The author emphasizes the gendered aspects of social life and identity construction and explores masculinity among nomadic Wodaabe men, who are living sculptures displaying their beauty as a spiritual act, full of honour and dignity.

    The book has many colour photographs and examples of Wodaabe art.

     

  • 260.
    Brandström, Per
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Hultin, Jan
    Lindström, Jan
    Aspects of agro-pastoralism in East Africa1979Report (Other academic)
  • 261.
    Broch-Due, Vigdis
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Domestication reconsidered: towards a new dialogue between women-oriented aid and feminist research1995Report (Other academic)
  • 262.
    Broch-Due, Vigdis
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Poverty and prosperity: local and global perspectives1995Report (Other academic)
  • 263.
    Broch-Due, Vigdis
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Poverty, conflict and gender: the politics of reconstruction and redistribution 1996-1999: final report2000Report (Other academic)
  • 264.
    Broch-Due, Vigdis
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Poverty paradoxes: the economy of engendered needs1995Report (Other academic)
  • 265.
    Broch-Due, Vigdis
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    The "poor" and the "primitive": discursive and social transformations1996Report (Other academic)
  • 266.
    Broch-Due, Vigdis
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Schroeder, Richard A.
    Producing nature and poverty in Africa2000Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Development donors have supported thousands of environmental initiatives in Africa over the past quarter century. The contributors to this provocative new collection of essays assess these projects and conclude that environmental programmes constitute one of the major forms of foreign and state intervention in contemporary African affairs. Drawing on case study material from eight countries, the authors demonstrate clearly that environmental programmes themselves often have direct and far-reaching consequences for the distribution of wealth and poverty on the continent.

    Individual essays in the collection theorise specific forms of environmental intervention; the degree of historical discontinuity that exists between contemporary and past environmental policies and practices; the effect environmental programmes have had on localised systems of knowledge and value regimes; the strategies of accumulation that have been spun out of heavy donor and state investment in environmental programmes; and the numerous social, cultural and political-economic dislocations these initiatives have produced in African environments all across the continent.

  • 267.
    Brock-Utne, Birgit
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Language, democracy and education in Africa2002Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This publication comprises two papers, both written during January and February 2002 when the author was a guest researcher at the Nordic Africa Institute (NAI).

    In the first paper, "The Language Question in Africa seen in the Context of Globalisation, Social Justice and Democracy", the language question is looked at through the eyes of a social and political scientist. The choice of an official language in Africa is viewed as a question of social class, of power. What social classes profit from the continued use of European languages in Africa? Who benefits? Who loses? The focus here is not only on language use in education but also on language use in the courts and in the political domain, especially in South Africa. Examples are mostly drawn from South Africa and Tanzania, where the author is conducting two research projects in the area of language and education.

    The second paper, "The Battle over the Language of Instruction in Tanzania", describes two further research projects in which the author is currently involved. In this paper, the author focuses on the question of the language of instruction through the eyes of an educationist. The paper builds on recent research conducted in Tanzania by the author and her Tanzanian Master's degree students.

  • 268. Brüntrup, Michael
    et al.
    Melber, Henning
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Taylor, Ian
    Africa, regional cooperation and the world market: socio-economic strategies in times of global trade regimes2006Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Under the regime of the World Trade Organisation (WTO), local and regional policies are increasingly determined by global factors. One example is the New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD). It stresses an earlier notion of African Renaissance, which includes the emphasis on collective self-reliance, but at the same time seeks closer cooperation with the global trade system and its international agencies. Bi- and multilateral trade relations between external actors and individual African states or regional blocs are becoming ever more decisive. This is also true of the more recently negotiated Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs) in the post-Lomé era of EU-African relations. In light of such trends the question of coherence between trade as aid and other areas of development strategy and cooperation remains to be answered. The contributions to this Discussion Paper reflect upon related matters of socio-economically viable strategies seeking to reconcile the global and the regional in an African perspective. They were originally presented to the Panel 'Regional Cooperation in Sub-Saharan Africa: Between Collective Self-Reliance and Global Trade Regimes'” organised by the Nordic Africa Institute within the 11th General Conference of the European Association of Development Research and Training Institutes (EADI) in September 2005 in Bonn.

  • 269.
    Bukh, Jette
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    The village woman in Ghana1979Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The difficult position of women in Ghanian society lies both in structures that are manifested through the policy of the state, and in factors that are specific for this society, having their origin in this traditional structure. The relinquishment by the peasants of control over their immediate situation has led to the loss of traditional techniques and distortion of social relations. Money rather than labour claims has become the medium of social interchange.

    A case study conducted in a village in Ghana is used to illustrate the position of women in a patriarchial society subjected to pressures from various directions. Changes in the traditional agriculture caused by the introduction of cocoa resulted in greater pressure on land used for food production. Together with overcopping and the destruction of forests by charcoal-burners, there has been a general impoverishment of land resources and a reduction of the nutritional value of the crops grown.

    In 1972 the role of women as food producers began to be recognised and the role of female extension officers has become more important. The disadvantageous position of women in agriculture and in coping with the exigencies of social life is emphasised. The analysis shows how a new type of woman-headed household has emerged. In relation to the male-head the womanhead is always in an inferior situation since she has to cope with subsistence responsibilities at the same time as her access to resources is poorer.

  • 270.
    Bulcha, Mekuria
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Flight and integration: causes of mass exodus from Ethiopia and problems of integration in the Sudan1988Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Today, about half of the refugees in the world are Africans. More than half of Africa's refugees originate from Ethiopia and live in the Sudan and Somalia. as a source of refugees, Ethiopia is surpassed only by Afghanistan. This book is about this mass exodus from Ethiopia.

    The author maintains that in the absence of a clear understanding of its root causes it is impossible to find lasting solutions to this problem of mass displacement. Therefore, he employs an historical approach and commences the study with an investigation of the links between the past history of the peoples of the Horn of Africa and the conflict which currently plague the region.

  • 271. Bulcha, Merkuria
    et al.
    Kibreab, Gaim
    Nobel, Peter
    Ståhl, Michael
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Refugees and development in Africa: Notes from an on-going research project1983Other (Other academic)
  • 272.
    Bull-Christiansen, Lene
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Tales of the nation: feminist nationalism or patriotic history?2004Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In light of the uses and misuses of history in Zimbabwean politics in recent years, this research report focuses on how versions of the country’s liberation war history have become a site of struggle over the definition of Zimbabwean national identity. As identity politics’often do, Zimbabwean nationalism draws on a wide field of cultural symbols of identity and political discourses of inclusion and exclusion. Therefore, the report takes a cross-disciplinary approach to the issue of national identity by mapping out the imaginary field of Zimbabwean nationalism. This approach opens up the possibility of cross-reading the political discourses of the President and the ruling party ZANU (PF) with opposing voices such as those in the works of the author Yvonne Vera. This cross-reading shows how Vera's novels and the political discourses participate in the struggle over Zimbabwean national identity by offering different versions of the nation’s history in the form of patriotic history, feminist nationalism, or narratives of difference. In this way the research report adds to our understanding of power and resistance in Zimbabwean politics of national identity.

  • 273.
    Bush, Ray
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Kibble, S
    Destabilisation in Southern Africa, an Overview1985Report (Other academic)
  • 274.
    Buur, Lars
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Jensen, SteffenStepputat, Finn
    The security-development nexus: expressions of sovereignty and securitization in Southern Africa2007Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The link between security and development has been rediscovered after 9/11 by a broad range of scholars. Focusing on Southern Africa, the Security-Development Nexus shows that the much debated linkage is by no means a recent invention. Rather, the security/development linkage has been an important element of the state policies of colonial as well as post-colonial regimes during the Cold War, and it seems to be prospering in new configurations under the present wave of democratic transitions. Contributors focus on a variety of contexts from South Africa, Mozambique and Namibia, to Zimbabwe and Democratic Congo; they explore the nexus and our understanding of security and development through the prism of peace-keeping interventions, community policing, human rights, gender, land contests, squatters, nation and state-building, social movements, DDR programmes and the different trajectories democratization has taken in different parts of the region.

  • 275.
    Buur, Lars
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Kyed, Helene Maria
    State recognition of traditional authority in Mozambique: the nexus of community representation and state assistance2005Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    How should the Mozambican traditional leaders' double role as community representatives and state assistants be captured? This discussion paper addresses some fundamental questions pertaining to the 2002 official recognition of traditional leaders as community authorities. After a brief history of the changing role of, and faith in, traditional authorities as a basis for understanding the importance of their recent official recognition, the paper outlines the key objectives of the Decree 15/2000 that officially recognises community authorities. Some of the key concepts underpinning the Decree are then critically assessed. It is argued that the double role that community authorities are expected to fulfil as both community-representatives and state-assistants is not equally balanced in the Decree: the scale tips heavily towards the state-assistance aspect. The reasons for this are explored in the context of a set of reified notions underpinning the Decree, such as its understanding of 'traditional rules' and the concept of 'community'. The paper concludes by pointing out some unintended con-sequences of these reified notions for kin-based forms of community authority and especially for the ideal of community participation.

  • 276.
    Byerley, Andrew
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Urban Dynamics.
    Ambivalent inheritance: Jinja Town in search of a postcolonial refrain2011In: Journal of Eastern African Studies, ISSN 1753-1055, E-ISSN 1753-1063, Vol. 5, no 3, p. 482-504Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Jinja Town in Uganda, selected as one of five centres of growth in the post-WWII era of colonial developmentism, is perennially represented in the Ugandan media as the quintessential industrial town gone off-track. This is particularly evident for the case of the African housing estates built in Jinja in the 1950s where the dominant everyday rhythm is no longer dictated by the factory siren or the monthly wage but is instead a landscape scored by multiple rhythms. By conceptualising these estates as inherited machines – still loaded with a profusion of signs and objects from the era of the modern industrial ‘refrain’ – this paper seeks both to illustrate the colonial planning rationality and to examine contemporary processes of vernacular urbanism and contestations surrounding ‘re-occupations’ of the post-colonial city. It is argued that we need to seriously question any a priori invocation of a generic form of vernacular urbanism that is (or is not) to be prioritized over or ‘mixed’ with a Western planning cycle. Instead, the case study shows how historically mediated place specificities complicate the notion that the logics of place making can be unproblematically abstracted from.

  • 277.
    Byerley, Andrew
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Urban Dynamics.
    Compound space: a study of the architecture of labour control in the case of Walvis Bay2012In: Digest of Namibian Architecture, p. 34-37Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 278.
    Byerley, Andrew
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Urban Dynamics.
    Displacements in the name of (re)development: the contested rise and contested demise of colonial 'African' housing estates in Kampala and Jinja2013In: Planning Perspectives, ISSN 0266-5433, E-ISSN 1466-4518, Vol. 28, no 4, p. 547-570Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines historical and contemporary processes of urban (re-)development and displacement in Uganda. Particular focus concerns the often conflicting strategies employed by urban managers and residents to plan, govern and live in both the late-colonial and early twenty-first century city. Both eras can be considered significant, even momentous, for the prominence of strategic projects of socio-spatial urban reconfiguration that incorporate(d) powerful discourses fusing land and housing development with societal progress and national development. The former project putatively centred on orchestrating African development and welfare, the latter on the more ambiguous project of re-development. The ‘Good City’ and the ‘Good Citizen’ are used as heuristic devices to examine the planning ideals and rationalities that inform(ed) these projects and the conflict of rationalities they provoke(d), particularly in terms of competing visions of the good city and good citizen. The paper emphasizes that current projects of redevelopmentalism do not take place in politically inert or historically benign space. Rather, it is shown how historical and place-based specificities articulate with and mediate the process of redevelopmentalism in Kampala and Jinja.

  • 279.
    Byerley, Andrew
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Urban Dynamics.
    Monumental politics in Namibia2011In: Annual Report : 2010: The rise of africa: miracle or mirage?, ISSN 1104-5256, Vol. 2010, p. 36-37Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 280.
    Byerley, Andrew
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Urban Dynamics.
    What is the good city?2013In: Annual Report : 2012: Development Dilemmas, ISSN 1104-5256, Vol. 2012, p. 13-15Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The development of industrial capitalism in Europe gave rise to conditions that motivated the rise of modern urban planning. In Africa, urban models for ordering society emerged in the late 1930s. Andrew Byerley looks at the laboratory of urban Africa.

  • 281.
    Bøås, Morten
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    African Conflicts and Conflicts Drivers: Uganda, Congo and the Mano River2008Report (Other academic)
  • 282.
    Bøås, Morten
    Norwegian Institute of International Affairs.
    Rival priorities in the Sahel: finding the balance between security and development2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The G5 Sahel initiative goes some way to make up for the lack of supranational coordination in the troubled Sahel region. If moulded in the interests of development, it could bring about positive change. But the initiative risks becoming yet another excuse to get more ‘boots on the ground’, if external stakeholders place too much emphasis on fighting terror and stopping migration.

  • 283.
    Bøås, Morten
    et al.
    Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (NUPI) Oslo, Norway.
    Utas, Mats
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Introduction: Post-Gaddafi repercussions in the Sahel and West Africa2013In: Strategic Review for Southern Africa, Vol. 35, no 2, p. 3-15Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 284.
    Bøås, Morten
    et al.
    Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (NUPI) Oslo, Norway.
    Utas, Mats
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Thematic Focus on Francophone Central and West Africa2013In: The Strategic Review for Southern Africa, ISSN 1013-1108, Vol. 35, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 285.
    Bøås, Morten
    et al.
    Fafo, Oslo, Norway.
    Utas, Mats
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Tuaregian kapina2013In: Ulkopolitiikka, no 2, p. 56-59Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 286.
    Cadstedt, Jenny
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Urban Dynamics.
    Tenants' and owners' participation in rotating savings groups and help groups: A study of housing tenure forms and social inclusion in Mwanza city, Tanzania2012In: IDPR. International Development Planning Review, ISSN 1474-6743, E-ISSN 1478-3401, Vol. 34, no 1, p. 19-37Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    International policy emphasises the importance of slum dwellers' rights of access to cities and their social inclusion. Legalisation of land holdings in informal settlements is one way of enacting this policy. However, this measure favours house owners over the large proportion of tenants renting rooms in private houses in informal settlements in many cities in the global South. Rental housing is neglected by many governments. What role does the form of house tenure play in other processes of social inclusion in informal settlements? This article examines one of many forms of social inclusion: participation of tenants and owners in rotating savings groups and help groups in two areas in Mwanza city, Tanzania. The results indicate that both tenants and owners participate in groups, which are based not only on the geographical area of residence but on work, ethnicity and religion. The study also indicates that not all groups accept tenants as members, because of their high mobility.

  • 287.
    Callaway, Archibald
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Ungdom, utbildning och arbetslöshet i Afrika1965Book (Other academic)
  • 288.
    Campbell, Bonnie
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Mining in Africa: regulation and development2009Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The continent of Africa is rich in minerals needed by Western economies. Yet the mining industry contributes very little to African development.

    Investigating the impact of the 2003 Extractive Industries Review on a number of African countries, the contributors find that a key dimension of the problem lies in the regulatory frameworks imposed on African countries by the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank. They aim to convince academics, governments, and industry that regulation needs to be reformed to create a mining industry favourable to social and economic development and environmental protection.

    The book takes a multidisciplinary approach and provides an historical perspective of each country, making it ideal for students of development studies.

    CONTENT

    Acknowledgements

    Introduction - Bonnie Campbell

    Chapter 1. Mining in Ghana: Implications for National Economic Development and Poverty Reduction – Thomas Akabzaa

    Chapter 2. Guinea and Bauxite-Aluminum: The Challenges of Development and Poverty Reduction – Bonnie Campbell

    Chapter 3. Mining, Poverty Reduction, the Protection of the Environment and the Role of the World Bank Group in Mali – Gisèle Belem

    Chapter 4. Mining and Protection of the Environment in Madagascar – Bruno Sarrasin

    Chapter 5. Governance, Human Rights and Mining in the Democratic Republic of the Congo – Marie Mazalto

    Chapter 6. Conclusion: What Development Model? What Government Agenda? – Bonnie Campbell

    Index

  • 289.
    Campbell, Bonnie K.
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Akabzaa, Thomas M.
    Butler, Paula
    Enjeux des nouvelles réglementations minières en Afrique2004Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Une des hypothèses qui sous-tend les discussions et une des recommandations centrales du Rapport de la « Extractive Industries Review » publié en 2003 par le Groupe de la Banque mondiale est celle selon laquelle la gouvernance d'un pays est un des facteurs déterminants de la contribution des industries extractives au développement. Cette étude comparative de la réforme des codes miniers en Afrique démontre que bien que la qualité de la gouvernance nationale soit certes un ingrédient clé, elle n'est pas une condition suffisante si elle n'est pas accompagnée de cadres réglementaires légaux et fiscaux appropriés pour atteindre des objectifs de développement et mis en application dans un contexte de bonnes politiques et de règles équitables au niveau international.

    À partir de l'analyse de cinq études de cas, (le Ghana, la Guinée, le Mali, Madagascar et la Tanzanie), le volume suggère que les réformes introduites au cours des vingt dernières années, en large mesure sur recommandation des institutions multilatérales de financement, ont impliqué une redéfinition si profonde du rôle de l'État qu'elle est sans précédent historique. L'étude comparative de trois générations de codes miniers africains mène à la conclusion que ces réformes ont pour effet d'abaisser les normes dans des domaines critiques pour le développement économique et social et pour la protection de l'environnement et ce, dans un nombre croissant de situations.

    La question qui se pose à partir de cette étude est de savoir si un pays qui libéralise et déréglemente afin d'être compétitif dans le contexte des nouvelles normes et incitations à  l'investissement et qui respecte ses obligations auprès de l'OMC, peutêtre en mesure de faire respecter ses normes environnementales et de poursuivre ses objectifs de développement comme par exemple d'établir des liens en amont et en aval de l'extraction des ressources naturelles afin de favoriser la valeur ajoutée grâce à la transformation locale, ou d'introduire des restrictions à l'import ou l'export si nécessaire afin d'encourager un contenu en intrants locaux et des industries productives locales. La réponse paraît moins que certaine.

  • 290.
    Campbell, Bonnie K.
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Akabzaa, Thomas M.
    Butler, Paula
    Regulating mining in Africa: for whose benefit?2004Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the main hypotheses underlying much of the discussion about extractive industries, and a central recommendation in the Report of the World Bank Group's Extractive Industries Review, is that the quality of a country's governance is a key determinant of the development outcomes of extractive industry activities. While the quality of national governance is undoubtedly a key ingredient, this comparative study of mining code reform in Africa seeks to demonstrate that no amount of local governance is sufficient if it is not accompanied by legal and fiscal frameworks designed to meet development objectives, and implemented in the context of good international policies and rules. Based on five case studies (Ghana, Guinea, Mali, Madagascar, and Tanzania), the volume suggests that the reform measures introduced largely on the recommendation of multilateral financial institutions over the last twenty years have entailed a redefinition of the role of the state so profound that it is without historical precedent. The comparative study of three generations of African mining codes concludes that past reforms have the potential to drive down standards in areas of critical importance to social and economic development, as well as to protecting the environment in the countries concerned.The question that arises from this study is whether a country which deregulates and liberalises in order to be fully competitive in the context of evolving norms and incentives, and which respects its obligations under WTO rules, can, indeed, ensure the enforcement of environmental norms, pursue development objectives that build backward and forward linkages to resource extraction (such as value added processing of minerals), and introduce "trade balancing," involving, if necessary, export/import restrictions to increase local content and stimulate local productive activities. At best, the answer to this question appears to be uncertain, leading to the further question: Regulating mining - for whose benefit?

  • 291.
    Campbell, Horace
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    The siege of Cuito Cuanavale1990Report (Other academic)
  • 292.
    Carlsen, John
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Economic and social transformation in rural Kenya1980Book (Other academic)
  • 293.
    Carlsson, Jerker
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Recession in Africa: background papers to the seminar Africa - which way out of the recession?, Uppsala, September 19821983Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In September 1982 a number of researcers and representatives of the Nordic development agencies as well as members of several international organizations were invited to discuss the nature and origin of the "recession" in Sub-Saharan Africa. In preparing the seminar a number of scholars were invited to write background papers.

    The country case studies and a paper on strategic issues are presented in this volume. By way of an introduction a presentation is given of the World Bank Report "Accelerated Development in Sub-Saharan Africa - An Agenda for Action", and of the Lagos Plan of Action, adopted by the Organization of African Unity.

  • 294.
    Carlsson, Jerker
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    South-south relations in a changing world order1982Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
  • 295.
    Carlsson, Jerker
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    The limits to structural change: a comparative study of foreign direct investments in Liberia and Ghana 1950-19711981Book (Other academic)
  • 296.
    Carlsson, Jerker
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Transnational companies in Liberia: the role of transnational companies in the economic development of Liberia1977Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to analyze the relationship between the direct-investing foreign companies and the Government of Liberia (GOL). The report emphasis is put on three aspects. Firstly, the direct income-generating effects of the companies. Secondly, The GOL's policy towards these companies and their part in a development strategy. Thirdly, the distribution of purchase of goods and services.

  • 297.
    Carlsson, Jerker
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Somolekae, Gloria M.Van de Walle, Nicolas
    Foreign aid in Africa: learning from country experiences1997Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This volume reports on the findings of an international research project on aid effectiveness in Africa. Field studies was conducted in Botswana, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Kenya, Senegal, Tanzania and Zambia and the findings show that Africa's economic crisis has had a devastating effect on aid effectiveness and that too often donors dominate aid decisions, leaving governments without any sense of ownership over their own development efforts. The conclusion is that aid to Africa will have to develop more effective public institutions that fully take charge of the development process.

  • 298.
    Červenka, Zdenek
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    African National Congress meets Eastern Europe: a dialogue on common experiences1992Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A report from a conference where high level delegations of the African National Congress and the Czech, Slovak, Polish and Hungarian republics met, with the aim to share lessons of their experiences under crumbling dictatorships. The exchange was intense and frank, as the note in this report convey.

  • 299.
    Cervenka, Zdenek
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Land-locked countries of Africa1973Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
  • 300.
    Cervenka, Zdenek
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    The unfinished quest for unity: Africa and the OAU1977Book (Other academic)
3456789 251 - 300 of 1500
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