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  • 251.
    Broch-Due, Vigdis
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Schroeder, Richard A.
    Producing nature and poverty in Africa2000Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Development donors have supported thousands of environmental initiatives in Africa over the past quarter century. The contributors to this provocative new collection of essays assess these projects and conclude that environmental programmes constitute one of the major forms of foreign and state intervention in contemporary African affairs. Drawing on case study material from eight countries, the authors demonstrate clearly that environmental programmes themselves often have direct and far-reaching consequences for the distribution of wealth and poverty on the continent.

    Individual essays in the collection theorise specific forms of environmental intervention; the degree of historical discontinuity that exists between contemporary and past environmental policies and practices; the effect environmental programmes have had on localised systems of knowledge and value regimes; the strategies of accumulation that have been spun out of heavy donor and state investment in environmental programmes; and the numerous social, cultural and political-economic dislocations these initiatives have produced in African environments all across the continent.

  • 252.
    Brock-Utne, Birgit
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Language, democracy and education in Africa2002Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This publication comprises two papers, both written during January and February 2002 when the author was a guest researcher at the Nordic Africa Institute (NAI).

    In the first paper, "The Language Question in Africa seen in the Context of Globalisation, Social Justice and Democracy", the language question is looked at through the eyes of a social and political scientist. The choice of an official language in Africa is viewed as a question of social class, of power. What social classes profit from the continued use of European languages in Africa? Who benefits? Who loses? The focus here is not only on language use in education but also on language use in the courts and in the political domain, especially in South Africa. Examples are mostly drawn from South Africa and Tanzania, where the author is conducting two research projects in the area of language and education.

    The second paper, "The Battle over the Language of Instruction in Tanzania", describes two further research projects in which the author is currently involved. In this paper, the author focuses on the question of the language of instruction through the eyes of an educationist. The paper builds on recent research conducted in Tanzania by the author and her Tanzanian Master's degree students.

  • 253. Brüntrup, Michael
    et al.
    Melber, Henning
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Taylor, Ian
    Africa, regional cooperation and the world market: socio-economic strategies in times of global trade regimes2006Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Under the regime of the World Trade Organisation (WTO), local and regional policies are increasingly determined by global factors. One example is the New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD). It stresses an earlier notion of African Renaissance, which includes the emphasis on collective self-reliance, but at the same time seeks closer cooperation with the global trade system and its international agencies. Bi- and multilateral trade relations between external actors and individual African states or regional blocs are becoming ever more decisive. This is also true of the more recently negotiated Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs) in the post-Lomé era of EU-African relations. In light of such trends the question of coherence between trade as aid and other areas of development strategy and cooperation remains to be answered. The contributions to this Discussion Paper reflect upon related matters of socio-economically viable strategies seeking to reconcile the global and the regional in an African perspective. They were originally presented to the Panel 'Regional Cooperation in Sub-Saharan Africa: Between Collective Self-Reliance and Global Trade Regimes'” organised by the Nordic Africa Institute within the 11th General Conference of the European Association of Development Research and Training Institutes (EADI) in September 2005 in Bonn.

  • 254.
    Bukh, Jette
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    The village woman in Ghana1979Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The difficult position of women in Ghanian society lies both in structures that are manifested through the policy of the state, and in factors that are specific for this society, having their origin in this traditional structure. The relinquishment by the peasants of control over their immediate situation has led to the loss of traditional techniques and distortion of social relations. Money rather than labour claims has become the medium of social interchange.

    A case study conducted in a village in Ghana is used to illustrate the position of women in a patriarchial society subjected to pressures from various directions. Changes in the traditional agriculture caused by the introduction of cocoa resulted in greater pressure on land used for food production. Together with overcopping and the destruction of forests by charcoal-burners, there has been a general impoverishment of land resources and a reduction of the nutritional value of the crops grown.

    In 1972 the role of women as food producers began to be recognised and the role of female extension officers has become more important. The disadvantageous position of women in agriculture and in coping with the exigencies of social life is emphasised. The analysis shows how a new type of woman-headed household has emerged. In relation to the male-head the womanhead is always in an inferior situation since she has to cope with subsistence responsibilities at the same time as her access to resources is poorer.

  • 255.
    Bulcha, Mekuria
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Flight and integration: causes of mass exodus from Ethiopia and problems of integration in the Sudan1988Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Today, about half of the refugees in the world are Africans. More than half of Africa's refugees originate from Ethiopia and live in the Sudan and Somalia. as a source of refugees, Ethiopia is surpassed only by Afghanistan. This book is about this mass exodus from Ethiopia.

    The author maintains that in the absence of a clear understanding of its root causes it is impossible to find lasting solutions to this problem of mass displacement. Therefore, he employs an historical approach and commences the study with an investigation of the links between the past history of the peoples of the Horn of Africa and the conflict which currently plague the region.

  • 256. Bulcha, Merkuria
    et al.
    Kibreab, Gaim
    Nobel, Peter
    Ståhl, Michael
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Refugees and development in Africa: Notes from an on-going research project1983Annet (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 257.
    Bull-Christiansen, Lene
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Tales of the nation: feminist nationalism or patriotic history?2004Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In light of the uses and misuses of history in Zimbabwean politics in recent years, this research report focuses on how versions of the country’s liberation war history have become a site of struggle over the definition of Zimbabwean national identity. As identity politics’often do, Zimbabwean nationalism draws on a wide field of cultural symbols of identity and political discourses of inclusion and exclusion. Therefore, the report takes a cross-disciplinary approach to the issue of national identity by mapping out the imaginary field of Zimbabwean nationalism. This approach opens up the possibility of cross-reading the political discourses of the President and the ruling party ZANU (PF) with opposing voices such as those in the works of the author Yvonne Vera. This cross-reading shows how Vera's novels and the political discourses participate in the struggle over Zimbabwean national identity by offering different versions of the nation’s history in the form of patriotic history, feminist nationalism, or narratives of difference. In this way the research report adds to our understanding of power and resistance in Zimbabwean politics of national identity.

  • 258.
    Bush, Ray
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Kibble, S
    Destabilisation in Southern Africa, an Overview1985Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 259.
    Buur, Lars
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Jensen, SteffenStepputat, Finn
    The security-development nexus: expressions of sovereignty and securitization in Southern Africa2007Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The link between security and development has been rediscovered after 9/11 by a broad range of scholars. Focusing on Southern Africa, the Security-Development Nexus shows that the much debated linkage is by no means a recent invention. Rather, the security/development linkage has been an important element of the state policies of colonial as well as post-colonial regimes during the Cold War, and it seems to be prospering in new configurations under the present wave of democratic transitions. Contributors focus on a variety of contexts from South Africa, Mozambique and Namibia, to Zimbabwe and Democratic Congo; they explore the nexus and our understanding of security and development through the prism of peace-keeping interventions, community policing, human rights, gender, land contests, squatters, nation and state-building, social movements, DDR programmes and the different trajectories democratization has taken in different parts of the region.

  • 260.
    Buur, Lars
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Kyed, Helene Maria
    State recognition of traditional authority in Mozambique: the nexus of community representation and state assistance2005Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    How should the Mozambican traditional leaders' double role as community representatives and state assistants be captured? This discussion paper addresses some fundamental questions pertaining to the 2002 official recognition of traditional leaders as community authorities. After a brief history of the changing role of, and faith in, traditional authorities as a basis for understanding the importance of their recent official recognition, the paper outlines the key objectives of the Decree 15/2000 that officially recognises community authorities. Some of the key concepts underpinning the Decree are then critically assessed. It is argued that the double role that community authorities are expected to fulfil as both community-representatives and state-assistants is not equally balanced in the Decree: the scale tips heavily towards the state-assistance aspect. The reasons for this are explored in the context of a set of reified notions underpinning the Decree, such as its understanding of 'traditional rules' and the concept of 'community'. The paper concludes by pointing out some unintended con-sequences of these reified notions for kin-based forms of community authority and especially for the ideal of community participation.

  • 261.
    Byerley, Andrew
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    Ambivalent inheritance: Jinja Town in search of a postcolonial refrain2011Inngår i: Journal of Eastern African Studies, ISSN 1753-1055, E-ISSN 1753-1063, Vol. 5, nr 3, s. 482-504Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Jinja Town in Uganda, selected as one of five centres of growth in the post-WWII era of colonial developmentism, is perennially represented in the Ugandan media as the quintessential industrial town gone off-track. This is particularly evident for the case of the African housing estates built in Jinja in the 1950s where the dominant everyday rhythm is no longer dictated by the factory siren or the monthly wage but is instead a landscape scored by multiple rhythms. By conceptualising these estates as inherited machines – still loaded with a profusion of signs and objects from the era of the modern industrial ‘refrain’ – this paper seeks both to illustrate the colonial planning rationality and to examine contemporary processes of vernacular urbanism and contestations surrounding ‘re-occupations’ of the post-colonial city. It is argued that we need to seriously question any a priori invocation of a generic form of vernacular urbanism that is (or is not) to be prioritized over or ‘mixed’ with a Western planning cycle. Instead, the case study shows how historically mediated place specificities complicate the notion that the logics of place making can be unproblematically abstracted from.

  • 262.
    Byerley, Andrew
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    Compound space: a study of the architecture of labour control in the case of Walvis Bay2012Inngår i: Digest of Namibian Architecture, s. 34-37Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 263.
    Byerley, Andrew
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    Displacements in the name of (re)development: the contested rise and contested demise of colonial 'African' housing estates in Kampala and Jinja2013Inngår i: Planning Perspectives, ISSN 0266-5433, E-ISSN 1466-4518, Vol. 28, nr 4, s. 547-570Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines historical and contemporary processes of urban (re-)development and displacement in Uganda. Particular focus concerns the often conflicting strategies employed by urban managers and residents to plan, govern and live in both the late-colonial and early twenty-first century city. Both eras can be considered significant, even momentous, for the prominence of strategic projects of socio-spatial urban reconfiguration that incorporate(d) powerful discourses fusing land and housing development with societal progress and national development. The former project putatively centred on orchestrating African development and welfare, the latter on the more ambiguous project of re-development. The ‘Good City’ and the ‘Good Citizen’ are used as heuristic devices to examine the planning ideals and rationalities that inform(ed) these projects and the conflict of rationalities they provoke(d), particularly in terms of competing visions of the good city and good citizen. The paper emphasizes that current projects of redevelopmentalism do not take place in politically inert or historically benign space. Rather, it is shown how historical and place-based specificities articulate with and mediate the process of redevelopmentalism in Kampala and Jinja.

  • 264.
    Byerley, Andrew
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    Monumental politics in Namibia2011Inngår i: Annual Report : 2010: The rise of africa: miracle or mirage?, ISSN 1104-5256, Vol. 2010, s. 36-37Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 265.
    Byerley, Andrew
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    What is the good city?2013Inngår i: Annual Report : 2012: Development Dilemmas, ISSN 1104-5256, Vol. 2012, s. 13-15Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The development of industrial capitalism in Europe gave rise to conditions that motivated the rise of modern urban planning. In Africa, urban models for ordering society emerged in the late 1930s. Andrew Byerley looks at the laboratory of urban Africa.

  • 266.
    Bøås, Morten
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    African Conflicts and Conflicts Drivers: Uganda, Congo and the Mano River2008Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 267.
    Bøås, Morten
    et al.
    Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (NUPI) Oslo, Norway.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Introduction: Post-Gaddafi repercussions in the Sahel and West Africa2013Inngår i: Strategic Review for Southern Africa, Vol. 35, nr 2, s. 3-15Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 268.
    Bøås, Morten
    et al.
    Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (NUPI) Oslo, Norway.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Thematic Focus on Francophone Central and West Africa2013Inngår i: The Strategic Review for Southern Africa, ISSN 1013-1108, Vol. 35, nr 2Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 269.
    Bøås, Morten
    et al.
    Fafo, Oslo, Norway.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Tuaregian kapina2013Inngår i: Ulkopolitiikka, nr 2, s. 56-59Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 270.
    Cadstedt, Jenny
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    Tenants' and owners' participation in rotating savings groups and help groups: A study of housing tenure forms and social inclusion in Mwanza city, Tanzania2012Inngår i: IDPR. International Development Planning Review, ISSN 1474-6743, E-ISSN 1478-3401, Vol. 34, nr 1, s. 19-37Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    International policy emphasises the importance of slum dwellers' rights of access to cities and their social inclusion. Legalisation of land holdings in informal settlements is one way of enacting this policy. However, this measure favours house owners over the large proportion of tenants renting rooms in private houses in informal settlements in many cities in the global South. Rental housing is neglected by many governments. What role does the form of house tenure play in other processes of social inclusion in informal settlements? This article examines one of many forms of social inclusion: participation of tenants and owners in rotating savings groups and help groups in two areas in Mwanza city, Tanzania. The results indicate that both tenants and owners participate in groups, which are based not only on the geographical area of residence but on work, ethnicity and religion. The study also indicates that not all groups accept tenants as members, because of their high mobility.

  • 271.
    Callaway, Archibald
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Ungdom, utbildning och arbetslöshet i Afrika1965Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 272.
    Campbell, Bonnie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Mining in Africa: regulation and development2009Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The continent of Africa is rich in minerals needed by Western economies. Yet the mining industry contributes very little to African development.

    Investigating the impact of the 2003 Extractive Industries Review on a number of African countries, the contributors find that a key dimension of the problem lies in the regulatory frameworks imposed on African countries by the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank. They aim to convince academics, governments, and industry that regulation needs to be reformed to create a mining industry favourable to social and economic development and environmental protection.

    The book takes a multidisciplinary approach and provides an historical perspective of each country, making it ideal for students of development studies.

    CONTENT

    Acknowledgements

    Introduction - Bonnie Campbell

    Chapter 1. Mining in Ghana: Implications for National Economic Development and Poverty Reduction – Thomas Akabzaa

    Chapter 2. Guinea and Bauxite-Aluminum: The Challenges of Development and Poverty Reduction – Bonnie Campbell

    Chapter 3. Mining, Poverty Reduction, the Protection of the Environment and the Role of the World Bank Group in Mali – Gisèle Belem

    Chapter 4. Mining and Protection of the Environment in Madagascar – Bruno Sarrasin

    Chapter 5. Governance, Human Rights and Mining in the Democratic Republic of the Congo – Marie Mazalto

    Chapter 6. Conclusion: What Development Model? What Government Agenda? – Bonnie Campbell

    Index

  • 273.
    Campbell, Bonnie K.
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Akabzaa, Thomas M.
    Butler, Paula
    Enjeux des nouvelles réglementations minières en Afrique2004Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Une des hypothèses qui sous-tend les discussions et une des recommandations centrales du Rapport de la « Extractive Industries Review » publié en 2003 par le Groupe de la Banque mondiale est celle selon laquelle la gouvernance d'un pays est un des facteurs déterminants de la contribution des industries extractives au développement. Cette étude comparative de la réforme des codes miniers en Afrique démontre que bien que la qualité de la gouvernance nationale soit certes un ingrédient clé, elle n'est pas une condition suffisante si elle n'est pas accompagnée de cadres réglementaires légaux et fiscaux appropriés pour atteindre des objectifs de développement et mis en application dans un contexte de bonnes politiques et de règles équitables au niveau international.

    À partir de l'analyse de cinq études de cas, (le Ghana, la Guinée, le Mali, Madagascar et la Tanzanie), le volume suggère que les réformes introduites au cours des vingt dernières années, en large mesure sur recommandation des institutions multilatérales de financement, ont impliqué une redéfinition si profonde du rôle de l'État qu'elle est sans précédent historique. L'étude comparative de trois générations de codes miniers africains mène à la conclusion que ces réformes ont pour effet d'abaisser les normes dans des domaines critiques pour le développement économique et social et pour la protection de l'environnement et ce, dans un nombre croissant de situations.

    La question qui se pose à partir de cette étude est de savoir si un pays qui libéralise et déréglemente afin d'être compétitif dans le contexte des nouvelles normes et incitations à  l'investissement et qui respecte ses obligations auprès de l'OMC, peutêtre en mesure de faire respecter ses normes environnementales et de poursuivre ses objectifs de développement comme par exemple d'établir des liens en amont et en aval de l'extraction des ressources naturelles afin de favoriser la valeur ajoutée grâce à la transformation locale, ou d'introduire des restrictions à l'import ou l'export si nécessaire afin d'encourager un contenu en intrants locaux et des industries productives locales. La réponse paraît moins que certaine.

  • 274.
    Campbell, Bonnie K.
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Akabzaa, Thomas M.
    Butler, Paula
    Regulating mining in Africa: for whose benefit?2004Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the main hypotheses underlying much of the discussion about extractive industries, and a central recommendation in the Report of the World Bank Group's Extractive Industries Review, is that the quality of a country's governance is a key determinant of the development outcomes of extractive industry activities. While the quality of national governance is undoubtedly a key ingredient, this comparative study of mining code reform in Africa seeks to demonstrate that no amount of local governance is sufficient if it is not accompanied by legal and fiscal frameworks designed to meet development objectives, and implemented in the context of good international policies and rules. Based on five case studies (Ghana, Guinea, Mali, Madagascar, and Tanzania), the volume suggests that the reform measures introduced largely on the recommendation of multilateral financial institutions over the last twenty years have entailed a redefinition of the role of the state so profound that it is without historical precedent. The comparative study of three generations of African mining codes concludes that past reforms have the potential to drive down standards in areas of critical importance to social and economic development, as well as to protecting the environment in the countries concerned.The question that arises from this study is whether a country which deregulates and liberalises in order to be fully competitive in the context of evolving norms and incentives, and which respects its obligations under WTO rules, can, indeed, ensure the enforcement of environmental norms, pursue development objectives that build backward and forward linkages to resource extraction (such as value added processing of minerals), and introduce "trade balancing," involving, if necessary, export/import restrictions to increase local content and stimulate local productive activities. At best, the answer to this question appears to be uncertain, leading to the further question: Regulating mining - for whose benefit?

  • 275.
    Campbell, Horace
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    The siege of Cuito Cuanavale1990Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 276.
    Carlsen, John
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Economic and social transformation in rural Kenya1980Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 277.
    Carlsson, Jerker
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Recession in Africa: background papers to the seminar Africa - which way out of the recession?, Uppsala, September 19821983Konferanseproceedings (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In September 1982 a number of researcers and representatives of the Nordic development agencies as well as members of several international organizations were invited to discuss the nature and origin of the "recession" in Sub-Saharan Africa. In preparing the seminar a number of scholars were invited to write background papers.

    The country case studies and a paper on strategic issues are presented in this volume. By way of an introduction a presentation is given of the World Bank Report "Accelerated Development in Sub-Saharan Africa - An Agenda for Action", and of the Lagos Plan of Action, adopted by the Organization of African Unity.

  • 278.
    Carlsson, Jerker
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    South-south relations in a changing world order1982Konferanseproceedings (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 279.
    Carlsson, Jerker
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    The limits to structural change: a comparative study of foreign direct investments in Liberia and Ghana 1950-19711981Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 280.
    Carlsson, Jerker
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Transnational companies in Liberia: the role of transnational companies in the economic development of Liberia1977Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to analyze the relationship between the direct-investing foreign companies and the Government of Liberia (GOL). The report emphasis is put on three aspects. Firstly, the direct income-generating effects of the companies. Secondly, The GOL's policy towards these companies and their part in a development strategy. Thirdly, the distribution of purchase of goods and services.

  • 281.
    Carlsson, Jerker
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Somolekae, Gloria M.Van de Walle, Nicolas
    Foreign aid in Africa: learning from country experiences1997Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This volume reports on the findings of an international research project on aid effectiveness in Africa. Field studies was conducted in Botswana, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Kenya, Senegal, Tanzania and Zambia and the findings show that Africa's economic crisis has had a devastating effect on aid effectiveness and that too often donors dominate aid decisions, leaving governments without any sense of ownership over their own development efforts. The conclusion is that aid to Africa will have to develop more effective public institutions that fully take charge of the development process.

  • 282.
    Červenka, Zdenek
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    African National Congress meets Eastern Europe: a dialogue on common experiences1992Konferanseproceedings (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    A report from a conference where high level delegations of the African National Congress and the Czech, Slovak, Polish and Hungarian republics met, with the aim to share lessons of their experiences under crumbling dictatorships. The exchange was intense and frank, as the note in this report convey.

  • 283.
    Cervenka, Zdenek
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Land-locked countries of Africa1973Konferanseproceedings (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 284.
    Cervenka, Zdenek
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    The unfinished quest for unity: Africa and the OAU1977Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 285.
    Cervenka, Zdenek
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Vit makt i Zimbabwe: en rasistregim i södra Afrika1974Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Fem författare skriver om Rhodesia:

    • bakgrunden till Rhodesia-krisen
    • betydelsen av sanktioner mot Smith-regimen
    • sanktionernas inverkan på Rhodesias ekonomi
    • den vita oppositionen i Rhodesia
    • konfrontationen mellan Rhodesia och Zambia
  • 286.
    Červenka, Zdenek
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Legum, Colin
    Can national dialogue break the power of terror in Burundi?: report on the impact of the international conference National Dialogue held in Bujumbura on May 15-18 [1994] on Burundian efforts to restore democratic process in the country1994Konferanseproceedings (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    A report on the impact of the international conference "National Dialogue" held in Bujumbura in May 1994 on Burundian efforts to restore democratic process in the country.

  • 287.
    Červenka, Zdenek
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Legum, Colin
    Le dialogue national peut-il briser la puissance de la terreur au Burundi?: rapport sur l'impact de la conférence internationale intitulée Dialogue National tenue a Bujumbura du 15 au 18 mai 1994 sur les efforts du Burundi pour restaurer le processus démocratique dans le pays1994Konferanseproceedings (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Un rapport sur l'impact de la conférence international intitulé "Dialogue Nationale" tenue à Bujumbura en mai 1994 sur les efforts du Burundi pour restaurer le processus démocratique dans le pays.

  • 288.
    Cervenka, Zdenek
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Salih, M. A. Mohamed
    Burundi: a brief survey of the country and its economy and on its investment potential1991Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 289.
    Červenka, Zervenka
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Republic of Botswana: a brief outline of its geographical setting, history, economy and policies1970Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 290. Chachage, Chachage Seithy L.
    et al.
    Ericsson, Magnus
    Gibbon, Peter
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Mining and structural adjustment: studies on Zimbabwe and Tanzania1993Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The mining sector has played an historically central role in the economy of Africa, but large-scale investment in it declined after 1970. Structural adjustment and the dismantling of apartheid opens up the possibility of a revival of such investment, but also raises questions about the terms on which it will take place and the fate of local small-scale mining industries.

    These two studies examine tensions between large- and small-scale mining in Tanzania, and the emergence of new forms of relation between international mining houses and the national state in Zimbabwe.

  • 291.
    Chakela, Qalabane K.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Soil erosion and reservoir sedimentation in Lesotho1981Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Soil erosion and water deficiency are some of the most serious problems in many developing countries including Lesotho. In Lesotho the problem of soil erosion by water and to a less degree by wind has become so serious that large parts of the country are rapidly loosing productivity due to loss of soil fertility by sheet erosion on cultivated lands; loss of arable and range lands through gully erosion and overgrazing; loss of water supply sources through gullies and runoff following erosion, lowering of groundwater levels through gullies and pipes, and sedimentation in rivers and reservoirs. In these studies the rates, types and extent of the different erosions processes are investigated in eleven small watersheds within the lowlands and foothills regions of Lesotho.

  • 292.
    Chambers, Robert
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Managing rural development: ideas and experience from East Africa1978Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 293.
    Cheru, Fantu
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Globalization, Trade and Regional Integration.
    African scholars and western Africanists: a world apart2012Inngår i: Journal of Contemporary African Studies, Vol. 30, nr 2, s. 193-194Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Speach given at the opening session of the 4th European Conference on African Studies (ECAS4) 'African Engagements: On Whose terms?'. Uppsala, Sweden, 15 June 2011.

  • 294.
    Cheru, Fantu
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Africa's development in the 21st century: Reshaping the research agenda2008Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    As Africa enters the 21st century, it faces mounting challenges as well as new opportunities. Unlike in the 1980s and the 1990s, however, the conditions for Africa's sustained growth and development are more favourable today than ever before. As a result of economic reforms the overall growth has been in excess of 4.5 percent annually since the mid 1990s. There is greater consensus among Africans now than at any previous time on what needs to be done to accelerate growth, reduce poverty and promote sustainable development. The positive response of Africa's international partners enhances the prospects for sustaining the progress. Africa is also benefiting from a commodity boom and increased investment in infrastructure and the extractive industry sector. But many questions remain unanswered. The most pressing question is how Africa can best benefit from the rise of the Asian giants, China and India.

  • 295.
    Cheru, Fantu
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Globalization, Trade and Regional Integration.
    After the Gold Rush: Prospects for Africa, Economic Recovery and Long-term Growth2011Inngår i: The Financial Crisis and Developing Countries: A Global Multidisciplinary Perspective / [ed] Peter A.G. van Bergeijk, Arjan de Haan, Rolph van der Hoeven, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd. , 2011, s. 49-64Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 296.
    Cheru, Fantu
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Globalization, Trade and Regional Integration.
    Chinese and Indian Engagement in Africa: Competitive or Mutually Reinforcing Strategies2011Inngår i: Journal of International Affairs, ISSN 0022-197X, Vol. 64, nr 2Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 297.
    Cheru, Fantu
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Globalization, Trade and Regional Integration.
    Creating a Conducive International Environment for Africa’s Development: China’s role in Global Governance Reform!2010Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The world is at a critical juncture: there is the opportunity to come together to pursue a common agenda, or it can break into opposing groups based on differences in income, interests, religion or race. Globalisation exacerbates this tension between opportunity and threats. The most keenly felt tension is the sense that globalisation creates greater inequality in an already unequal world. If the world is unequal, then it must be undemocratic as well. As a result, globalisation and democracy come togetheras simultaneous challenges. As far as Africa is concerned, the challenge is how to gain voice in global governance.

  • 298.
    Cheru, Fantu
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Globalization, Trade and Regional Integration.
    Democracy and People Power in Africa: still searching for the ‘political kingdom’2012Inngår i: Third World Quarterly, ISSN 0143-6597, E-ISSN 1360-2241, Vol. 33, nr 2, s. 265-291Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyses current trends in the struggle for democracy in Africa, including the role of social movements. Such movements found early expression in the anti-colonial movement, while recent uprisings in Tunisia and Egypt are reminiscent of the second liberation struggles of two decades earlier. The article undertakes a critical evaluation of emerging democratic forces in Africa, arguing that such a review is vital to the analysis of the trends in the struggles for people power, and explores strategies for avoiding the pitfalls that undermined earlier waves of democratisation in the continent, particularly that of the 1990s when initial euphoria led to uncritical acceptance of movements that were later found to be opportunistic and undemocratic. The article concludes by examining the conditions under which an ‘emanicipatory’ African national democratic project—defined by an increase in people's participation in authoritative resource allocation—can be initiated and sustained in the face of a deepening crisis of the current neoliberal world order.

  • 299.
    Cheru, Fantu
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Globalization, Trade and Regional Integration.
    Emergent Africa and the World: Constructing a 'win-win' Partnership2011Inngår i: Africa: A continent on the move / [ed] B. Lynch, Wellington: New Zealand Institute of International Affairs , 2011, s. 41-56Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 300.
    Cheru, Fantu
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Globalization, Trade and Regional Integration.
    India can unlock Africa’s potential2011Inngår i: Africa Quarterly, Vol. 50, nr 4, s. 57-57Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
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