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  • 301.
    Cervenka, Zdenek
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    The unfinished quest for unity: Africa and the OAU1977Book (Other academic)
  • 302.
    Cervenka, Zdenek
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Vit makt i Zimbabwe: en rasistregim i södra Afrika1974Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Fem författare skriver om Rhodesia:

    • bakgrunden till Rhodesia-krisen
    • betydelsen av sanktioner mot Smith-regimen
    • sanktionernas inverkan på Rhodesias ekonomi
    • den vita oppositionen i Rhodesia
    • konfrontationen mellan Rhodesia och Zambia
  • 303.
    Červenka, Zdenek
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Legum, Colin
    Can national dialogue break the power of terror in Burundi?: report on the impact of the international conference National Dialogue held in Bujumbura on May 15-18 [1994] on Burundian efforts to restore democratic process in the country1994Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A report on the impact of the international conference "National Dialogue" held in Bujumbura in May 1994 on Burundian efforts to restore democratic process in the country.

  • 304.
    Červenka, Zdenek
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Legum, Colin
    Le dialogue national peut-il briser la puissance de la terreur au Burundi?: rapport sur l'impact de la conférence internationale intitulée Dialogue National tenue a Bujumbura du 15 au 18 mai 1994 sur les efforts du Burundi pour restaurer le processus démocratique dans le pays1994Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Un rapport sur l'impact de la conférence international intitulé "Dialogue Nationale" tenue à Bujumbura en mai 1994 sur les efforts du Burundi pour restaurer le processus démocratique dans le pays.

  • 305.
    Cervenka, Zdenek
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Salih, M. A. Mohamed
    Burundi: a brief survey of the country and its economy and on its investment potential1991Report (Other academic)
  • 306.
    Červenka, Zervenka
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Republic of Botswana: a brief outline of its geographical setting, history, economy and policies1970Report (Other academic)
  • 307. Chachage, Chachage Seithy L.
    et al.
    Ericsson, Magnus
    Gibbon, Peter
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Mining and structural adjustment: studies on Zimbabwe and Tanzania1993Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The mining sector has played an historically central role in the economy of Africa, but large-scale investment in it declined after 1970. Structural adjustment and the dismantling of apartheid opens up the possibility of a revival of such investment, but also raises questions about the terms on which it will take place and the fate of local small-scale mining industries.

    These two studies examine tensions between large- and small-scale mining in Tanzania, and the emergence of new forms of relation between international mining houses and the national state in Zimbabwe.

  • 308.
    Chakela, Qalabane K.
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Soil erosion and reservoir sedimentation in Lesotho1981Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Soil erosion and water deficiency are some of the most serious problems in many developing countries including Lesotho. In Lesotho the problem of soil erosion by water and to a less degree by wind has become so serious that large parts of the country are rapidly loosing productivity due to loss of soil fertility by sheet erosion on cultivated lands; loss of arable and range lands through gully erosion and overgrazing; loss of water supply sources through gullies and runoff following erosion, lowering of groundwater levels through gullies and pipes, and sedimentation in rivers and reservoirs. In these studies the rates, types and extent of the different erosions processes are investigated in eleven small watersheds within the lowlands and foothills regions of Lesotho.

  • 309.
    Chambers, Robert
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Managing rural development: ideas and experience from East Africa1978Book (Other academic)
  • 310.
    Cheru, Fantu
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Globalization, Trade and Regional Integration.
    African scholars and western Africanists: a world apart2012In: Journal of Contemporary African Studies, Vol. 30, no 2, p. 193-194Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Speach given at the opening session of the 4th European Conference on African Studies (ECAS4) 'African Engagements: On Whose terms?'. Uppsala, Sweden, 15 June 2011.

  • 311.
    Cheru, Fantu
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Africa's development in the 21st century: Reshaping the research agenda2008Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    As Africa enters the 21st century, it faces mounting challenges as well as new opportunities. Unlike in the 1980s and the 1990s, however, the conditions for Africa's sustained growth and development are more favourable today than ever before. As a result of economic reforms the overall growth has been in excess of 4.5 percent annually since the mid 1990s. There is greater consensus among Africans now than at any previous time on what needs to be done to accelerate growth, reduce poverty and promote sustainable development. The positive response of Africa's international partners enhances the prospects for sustaining the progress. Africa is also benefiting from a commodity boom and increased investment in infrastructure and the extractive industry sector. But many questions remain unanswered. The most pressing question is how Africa can best benefit from the rise of the Asian giants, China and India.

  • 312.
    Cheru, Fantu
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Globalization, Trade and Regional Integration.
    After the Gold Rush: Prospects for Africa, Economic Recovery and Long-term Growth2011In: The Financial Crisis and Developing Countries: A Global Multidisciplinary Perspective / [ed] Peter A.G. van Bergeijk, Arjan de Haan, Rolph van der Hoeven, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd. , 2011, p. 49-64Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 313.
    Cheru, Fantu
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Globalization, Trade and Regional Integration.
    Chinese and Indian Engagement in Africa: Competitive or Mutually Reinforcing Strategies2011In: Journal of International Affairs, ISSN 0022-197X, Vol. 64, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 314.
    Cheru, Fantu
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Globalization, Trade and Regional Integration.
    Creating a Conducive International Environment for Africa’s Development: China’s role in Global Governance Reform!2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The world is at a critical juncture: there is the opportunity to come together to pursue a common agenda, or it can break into opposing groups based on differences in income, interests, religion or race. Globalisation exacerbates this tension between opportunity and threats. The most keenly felt tension is the sense that globalisation creates greater inequality in an already unequal world. If the world is unequal, then it must be undemocratic as well. As a result, globalisation and democracy come togetheras simultaneous challenges. As far as Africa is concerned, the challenge is how to gain voice in global governance.

  • 315.
    Cheru, Fantu
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Globalization, Trade and Regional Integration.
    Democracy and People Power in Africa: still searching for the ‘political kingdom’2012In: Third World Quarterly, ISSN 0143-6597, E-ISSN 1360-2241, Vol. 33, no 2, p. 265-291Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyses current trends in the struggle for democracy in Africa, including the role of social movements. Such movements found early expression in the anti-colonial movement, while recent uprisings in Tunisia and Egypt are reminiscent of the second liberation struggles of two decades earlier. The article undertakes a critical evaluation of emerging democratic forces in Africa, arguing that such a review is vital to the analysis of the trends in the struggles for people power, and explores strategies for avoiding the pitfalls that undermined earlier waves of democratisation in the continent, particularly that of the 1990s when initial euphoria led to uncritical acceptance of movements that were later found to be opportunistic and undemocratic. The article concludes by examining the conditions under which an ‘emanicipatory’ African national democratic project—defined by an increase in people's participation in authoritative resource allocation—can be initiated and sustained in the face of a deepening crisis of the current neoliberal world order.

  • 316.
    Cheru, Fantu
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Globalization, Trade and Regional Integration.
    Emergent Africa and the World: Constructing a 'win-win' Partnership2011In: Africa: A continent on the move / [ed] B. Lynch, Wellington: New Zealand Institute of International Affairs , 2011, p. 41-56Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 317.
    Cheru, Fantu
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Globalization, Trade and Regional Integration.
    India can unlock Africa’s potential2011In: Africa Quarterly, Vol. 50, no 4, p. 57-57Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 318.
    Cheru, Fantu
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Globalization, Trade and Regional Integration.
    South-South Cooperation: What Prospects for a New Bandung Consensus?2011In: South-South Cooperation: Africa on the Centre Stage / [ed] Renu Modi, Palgrave Macmillan , 2011, p. 42-60Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 319.
    Cheru, Fantu
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Globalization, Trade and Regional Integration.
    The dawn of an African century: - or another mirage?2011In: Annual Report : 2010: The rise of Africa: miracle or mirage?, ISSN 1104-5256, Vol. 2010, p. 6-8Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 320.
    Cheru, Fantu
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Globalization, Trade and Regional Integration.
    The urban challenge in Africa2009In: SPACE, Vol. 200902, no 495, p. 92-99Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 321.
    Cheru, Fantu
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Globalization, Trade and Regional Integration.
    Cornelissen, S.
    Shaw, T.M.
    Introduction: Africa and International Relations in the 21st Century: Still Challenging Theory?2011In: Africa and International Relations in the 21st Century / [ed] Cornelissen, S., F. Cheru and M. T. Shaw, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 322.
    Cheru, Fantu
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute, African International Links.
    Modi, Renu
    Agricultural Development and Food Security in Africa: The Impact of Chinese, Indian and Brazilian Investments2013Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The subject of food security and land issues in Africa has become one of increased importance and contention over recent years. In particular, the focus has shifted to the role new Global South donors - in particular India, China and Brazil - are playing in shaping African agriculture through their increased involvement and investment in the continent. Approaching the topic through the framework of South-South co-operation (SSC), this highly original volume presents a critical analysis of the ways in which Chinese, Indian and Brazilian engagements in African agriculture are structured and implemented. Do these investments have the potential to create new opportunities to improve local living standards, transfer new technology and knowhow to African producers, and reverse the persistent productivity decline in African agriculture? Or will they simply aggravate the problem of food insecurity by accelerating the process of land alienation and displacement of local people from their land? Topical and comprehensive, ‘Agricultural Development and Food Security in Africa’ offers fresh insight into a set of relationships that will shape both Africa and the world over the coming decades.

  • 323.
    Cheru, Fantu
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute, African International Links.
    Modi, Renu
    Introduction: peasants, the state and foreign direct investment in African agriculture2013In: Agricultural Development and Food Security in Africa: The Impact of Chinese, Indian and Brazilian Investments, Nordiska Afrikainstitutet; Zed Books , 2013, p. 1-11Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 324.
    Cheru, Fantu
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Globalization, Trade and Regional Integration.
    Norberg, Carin
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Can globalization work for Africa?2008In: Africa: Political partner and global actor - opportunities and challenges / [ed] Cathrine Andersen; Aina Holm, Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs , 2008, p. 97-106Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 325.
    Cheru, Fantu
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Globalization, Trade and Regional Integration.
    Obi, Cyril
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    De-coding China-Africa Relations: Partnership for development or ‘(neo) colonialism by invitation’?2011In: The World Financial Review, no Sep/Oct, p. 72-75Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 326.
    Cheru, Fantu
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Globalization, Trade and Regional Integration.
    Obi, Cyril
    India–Africa relations in the twenty-first century: genuine partnership or a marriage of convenience?2011In: India in Africa: Changing Geographies of Power. / [ed] Mawdsley, E. and G. McCann, Cape Town, Dakar, Nairobi, Oxford: Pambazuka Press, an imprint of Fahamu , 2011, p. 12-29Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 327.
    Cheru, Fantu
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Globalization, Trade and Regional Integration.
    Obi, CyrilThe Nordic Africa Institute, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Rise of China and India in Africa: Challenges, Opportunities and Critical Interventions2010Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, China and India have become the most important economic partners of Africa and their footprints are growing by leaps and bounds, transforming Africa's international relations in a dramatic way. Although the overall impact of China and India's engagement in Africa has been positive in the short-term, partly as a result of higher returns from commodity exports fuelled by excessive demands from both countries, little research exists on the actual impact of China and India's growing involvement on Africa's economic transformation. This book examines in detail the opportunities and challenges posed by the increasing presence of China and India in Africa, and proposes critical interventions that African governments must undertake in order to negotiate with China and India from a stronger and more informed platform.

  • 328.
    Chhabra, Rami
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Pettersson, Willy
    Liv och lek i Indien: Rami Chhabra, Willy Petterson berättar om barns situation1980Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 329.
    Chikhi, Said
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Algeria: from mass rebellion in October 1988 to workers' social protest1991Report (Other academic)
  • 330.
    Chime, Chimelu
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Integration and politics among African states: limitations and horizons of mid-term theorizing1977Book (Other academic)
  • 331.
    Chisiza, Dunduzu K.
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Afrikanska utvecklingsproblem1965Book (Other academic)
  • 332.
    Chitando, Anna
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Imagining a peaceful society: a vision of children's literature in a post-conflict Zimbabwe2008Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Imagining a Peaceful Society: A Vision of Children's Literature in a Post-Conflict Zimbabwe addresses the marginalisation of children's literature from the discourse on conflict and peace building in Africa. By presenting a unique perspective to how writers of children's literature, and children themselves understand, grapple with, and envision peace in a post-conflict Zimbabwean society, this Discussion Paper calls attention to the immense, but largely untapped potential of literature as a critical resource for the promotion peace in Africa.

  • 333.
    Chitando, Ezra
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Singing culture: a study of gospel music in Zimbabwe2002Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the historical development, social, political and economic significance of gospel music in Zimbabwe. It approaches music with Christian theological ideas and popular appeal as a cultural phenomenon with manifold implications. Applying a history of religions approach to the study of a widespread religious phenomenon, the study seeks to link religious studies with popular culture. It argues that gospel music represents a valuable entry point into a discussion of contemporary African cultural production. Gospel music successfully blends the musical traditions of Zimbabwe, influences from other African countries, and musical styles from other parts of the world.

    Through the application of multiple methodological lenses, the study sets out to describe, analyse and interpret gospel music in Zimbabwe during the 1990s. It outlines the historical development of popular music in Zimbabwe, alongside locating the emergence of gospel music in the politically and economically challenging 1990s. The report captures the impact of Christianity on music performances, highlights the various groups of cultural workers who have derived opportunities from gospel music and undertakes an analysis of the context in which gospel music was able to thrive. Through an examination of dominant themes in Zimbabwean gospel music and its creative appropriation of various musical styles, the study illustrates the complexity underlying contemporary African artistic products.

    This study also seeks to bring to the fore the long-standing issue of the relationship between Christianity and African culture. Although many African theologians, nationalists, missiologists, Non-Governmental Organisation activists and other practitioners have proffered valuable insights, in most instances their efforts have been vitiated by a preoccupation with a frozen view of African culture. Many writers have tended to view African culture as a relic from some glorious past. Although this may please avid cultural nationalists, it obfuscates the inherently adaptive nature of African, and indeed of any other, culture. Consequently, in this study the focus is on gospel music as an integral part of contemporary African culture. By examining gospel music texts, performances by artists and audiences at gospel concerts and television presentations, the study contributes to the discourses on religion and public spaces. The report also brings to the fore the neglected theme of music and the construction of religious and other identities.

  • 334.
    Chiwele, Dennis K.
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Muyatwa-Sipula, Pumulo
    Kalinda, Henrietta
    Private sector response to agricultural marketing liberalisation in Zambia: a case study of Eastern Province maize market1998Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report examines the efficacy of the agricultural sector reforms that have been implemented in Zambia since 1991/92 when the MMD government of Fred Chiluba was elected to office. On the basis of empirical material gathered in the field, the report demonstrates the limitations of the reform and identifies a number of constraints that have hampered the private sector and made the agricultural marketing system remain relatively underdeveloped.

  • 335.
    Chiziane, Paulina
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Mankell, Henning
    Storytelling in Mozambique2010Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    What is happening with Mozambique’s literature today? Paulina Chiziane, the first woman to publish novel in the country, in conversation with Henning Mankell.

  • 336. Christensen, Maya
    et al.
    Utas, Mats
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation. The Nordic Africa Institute, Urban Dynamics.
    Mercenaries of democracy: The 'Politricks' of remobilized combatants in the 2007 general elections, Sierra Leone2008In: African Affairs, ISSN 0001-9909, E-ISSN 1468-2621, Vol. 107, no 429, p. 515-539Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The 2007 general elections in Sierra Leone marked a decisive moment in the country's post-war recovery. In this article we show how political parties strategically remobilized ex-combatants into 'security squads' in order both to protect themselves and to mobilize votes. We look at the tactical and strategic motives behind ex-combatants' choice to join the political campaigning and the alternatives (such as 'watermelon politics'), and we also examine the deep distrust between politicians and ex-combatants. Focusing on politics as the domestication of violence, we shed light on the continuation of pre-war and war-time mobilization of youth into politics and demonstrate how electoral moments can legitimize violence. In hindsight, the 2007 elections strengthened the democratic process in Sierra Leone, but this article shows on what fragile ground this success was built.

  • 337.
    Christiansen, Catrine
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Utas, Mats
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation. The Nordic Africa Institute, Urban Dynamics.
    Vigh, Henrik
    Youth(e)scapes: introduction2006In: Navigating youth - generating adulthood: social becoming in an African context / [ed] Christiansen C, Utas M, Vigh H, Uppsala: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet , 2006Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 338.
    Christiansen, Catrine
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Utas, MatsThe Nordic Africa Institute.Vigh, Henrik E.
    Navigating youth, generating adulthood: social becoming in an African context2006Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This book focuses on the lives and experiences of young people in Africa. On agents who, willingly or unwillingly, see themselves as belonging to the socio-generational category of youth and the ways in which they seek to shape and unfold their lives in a positive manner. Rather than seeing youth as either a social or cultural entity in itself, or as a predefined life-stage, the book argues for an exploration of how youth position themselves and are positioned within generational categories. In studying young people, social scientists must conceptualise youth as both social being and social becoming; a position in movement. It is from the duality of being positioned and seeking one's own socio-generational position that this book engages in the debate on contemporary African youth.

  • 339.
    Christiansson, Carl
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Soil erosion and sedimentation in semi-arid Tanzania: studies of environmental change and ecological imbalance1981Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Research on soil erosion and related problems was carried out within the scope of the DUSER project in Ugogo in semi-arid central Tanzania in the years 1968-74. The present thesis describes and analyses factors of importance for the initiation and acceleration of soil erosion and discusses the geomorphological effects of erosion processes in the semi-arid environment.

  • 340.
    Chung, Fay
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Re-living the second Chimurenga: memories from the liberation struggle in Zimbabwe2006Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Fay Chung grew up in a Chinese family in Rhodesia in the 1950s and 1960s. She studied education and literature, and became a lecturer at the University of Zambia in the early 1970s. In Zambia, she joined the Zimbabwe African National Union (ZANU), and took part in the radicalisation of the nationalist rising, which led to Zimbabwe's independence in 1980. The memoirs of Fay Chung give an inside view of the divisions within ZANU during the late 1970s. She witnessed the change of leadership from Sithole to Mugabe, experienced the tensions between politicians and military leaders, as well as the rise and fall of the vashandi movement, which tried to change the direction of ZANU in a more socialist direction. Within ZANU, Fay Chung was prominent in preparing educational reform, and after Independence worked for the Zimbabwean Ministry of Education and Culture - eventually as Minister. Her memoirs describe the efforts to extend access to education and to bring ‘education-with-production’ principles into school curricula.

    Fay Chung also reflects on the ongoing crisis in Zimbabwe. While regretting the violence, she is critical of the new democratic opposition, and supports Robert Mugabe's 'Third Chimurenga' as a return to the objectives of land reform and economic justice, which she sees as the 'heartblood' of the liberation struggle. This is an account, which will be certain to provoke many readers, and which will stimulate discussions both within Zimbabwe and abroad. This edition includes an introduction by Preben Kaarsholm, which situates Fay Chung's narrative in the context of ongoing debates about Zimbabwe.

  • 341. Châtel, Francesca
    et al.
    Oestigaard, Terje
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Agrarian Change, Property and Resources.
    The Nile: Shifting Balance of Powers2012In: Revolve, ISSN 2033-2912, p. 32-39Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 342.
    Cissé, Daouda
    The Nordic Africa Institute, African International Links.
    Globalisation and sustainable Africa-China trade: what role play the African regional organisations?2015Report (Other academic)
  • 343.
    Clayton, Anthony
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    The 1948 Zanzibar general strike1976Report (Other academic)
  • 344.
    Cockrill, W. Ross
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    The camelid: an all-purpose animal. Vol. 1. Proceedings of the Khartoun Workshop on camels, December 19791984Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
  • 345.
    Cockrill, W. Ross
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    The camelid: an all-purpose animal. Vol. 2, Bibliography1985Collection (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    A bibliography on camelids.

  • 346.
    Cohen, John M.
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Integrated rural development: the Ethiopian experience and the debate1987Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This is a comprehensive study based on one of the most significant and well-known integrated rural development projects, the Swedish funded Chilalo Agricultural Development Unit in Ethiopia's Arssi Region. It clarifies the concept of integrated rural development and identifies the key issues in the debate. It provides a detailed case study of design, implementation, and evaluation problems facing integrated rural development projects.

  • 347.
    Cornelissen, Scarlett
    et al.
    Department of Political Science, Stellenbosch University, South Africa.
    Cheru, FantuThe Nordic Africa Institute, Globalization, Trade and Regional Integration.Shaw, Timothy M.Institute of International Relations at the University of the West Indies, St Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago.
    Africa and International Relations in the 21st Century2012Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    At the start of the second decade of the 21st Century, Africa is viewed in a much more positive light by analysts, investors, observers and policymakers. China’s recent closer involvement with the continent has set the tone for new forms of engagement between Africa and the rest of the world. The authors discuss the implications for Africa’s future trajectories and how to understand the continent’s position in the international system. Furthermore, they demonstrate how the study of shifts in Africa’s international relations can help explain broader dynamics and the changing foundations of world order.

  • 348. Coulter, Chris
    et al.
    Persson, Mariam
    Utas, Mats
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Young women in African wars2007Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Young women are combatants in contemporary African wars. They also participate in a whole array of different roles. However, by and large, they remain invisible to us. In fact, our “northern” hackneyed views on women’s innate non-participation in war prevent us from seeing specific needs for young women during and in the aftermath of wars. For instance, disarmament, demobilization and reintegration programmes often fail to address appropriate needs for young women and in a variety of ways “prevent” them from partaking. Issues of stigma, safe demobilisation, individual concerns for post-war marriage, health and education, need to be addresed in both a more gendered way, but also with an apposite understanding of young women’s agency in both peace and war. In this Policy note it is argued that to improve policy and programming efforts it is necessary to broaden the understanding of young women’s roles and participation in armed conflict in Africa historically and today.

  • 349.
    Courson, Elias
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Movement for the emancipation of the Niger Delta (MEND): political marginalization, repression and petro-insurgency in the Niger Delta2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This Discussion paper addresses the linkages between the political economy of oil and violent conflict in Nigeria’s main oil and gas producing region, the Niger Delta. It is based on a case study of the insurgent Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta (MEND), which has targeted and attacked the interests of international oil companies and the federal government in the oil-rich, but impoverished, Niger Delta region of Nigeria, in its professed campaign for the control of the oil wealth of the region for the benefit of local people. Through this study of MEND, fresh perspectives are brought to bear on the causes and ramifications of the oil conflict in the region, and the role of various actors at the local, national and international levels. This is important in grasping the nature of the violence in the Niger Delta and Nigeria and the enormity of the task of resolving the complex conflict in which the region is immersed. It is a challenge, which as the author argues, transcends the resort to the militarized or securitized solutions that often fail to adequately address the roots of conflict.

  • 350.
    Crentsil, Perpetual
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Agrarian Change, Property and Resources. University of Helsinki.
    Ebola: accurate information prevents rumours and panic: educating leaders is one measure - along with distributing soap2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Ebola epidemic in West Africa is unprecedented in its scope. This Policy Note stresses the importance of knowledge of social factors in preventing the spread of the fatal disease. There are similarities with the previous HIV/AIDS epidemic. Traditional healers and heads of households are key players for health experts to target in protecting people against infection. Normal funeral services are one source of infection. A very basic preventive measure is providing families with soap.

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