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  • 401.
    Omotola, J. Shola
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Unconstitutional changes of government in Africa. What Implications for Democratic Consolidation?2011Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This Discussion Paper is based on a conceptual and analytical reading of cases of unconstitutional change of government in Africa. It provides a deep and up-to-date exploration of the prospects for democratic consolidation on the continent against the backdrop of an upsurge in unconstitutional changes of government. Rather than focus only on the internal threats to democracy in Africa, the author also analyses the role of neighbouring states, regional organisations and hegemonic forces within the international community in advancing or limiting democracy. In this regard, this work sheds light on why the pursuit of the liberal democratic project in Africa has so far appeared to alienate ordinary people, while providing space for dominant elites to tamper with democratic institutions and processes, which then work against popular participation and democratic development. This paper is essential reading for scholars, policy practitioners, analysts and all those with an interest in the prospects for democracy in Africa.

  • 402.
    Palmberg, Mai
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Cultural Images and Expressions.
    Problems of socialist orientation in Africa1978Konferanseproceedings (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Papers from a Seminar on Non-capitalist Development in Africa Organised by the Scandinavian Institute of African Studies, Uppsala, in Co-operation with the Institute of Development Studies, Helsinki, August 16-19, 1976, in Helsinki, Finland.

  • 403.
    Palmberg, Mai
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Strand, Per
    Sydafrika: en regnbågsnation föds1995Bok (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    De senaste åren har inneburit omvälvande förändringar i Sydafrika. Denna bok skildrar den tid och de händelser som ledde fram till att Sydafrika förvandlades från en minoritetsstyrd rasistisk diktatur till en demokrati. Författarna diskuterar också de frågor, risker och möjligheter som kan uppstå under övergångstiden mellan det första valet i april 1994 och nästa val 1999. Arvet efter apartheid inom snart sagt alla samhällssektorer diskuteras och ANC:s och den nuvarande samlingsregeringens politik för det nya Sydafrika analyseras.Tillräcklig historisk bakgrund ges för att boken ska kunna läsas utan annan introduktion till landet. Boken kan användas både för enskild läsning och för gruppstudier eller projektstudier i skolan.

  • 404. Palmer, Eric
    et al.
    Hellsten, Sirkku
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Editorial2016Inngår i: Journal of Global Ethics, ISSN 1744-9626, E-ISSN 1744-9634, Vol. 12, nr 1, s. 1-5Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 405.
    Philip, Kjeld
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Den östafrikanska gemenskapen1969Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 406.
    Pipping-van Hulten, Ida
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    An episode of colonial history: the German press in Tanzania1974Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 407. Reddy, Thiven
    South Africa, settler colonialism and the failures of liberal democracy2015Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In South Africa, two unmistakable features describe post-Apartheid politics. The first is the formal framework of liberal democracy, including regular elections, multiple political parties and a range of progressive social rights. The second is the politics of the ‘extraordinary’, which includes a political discourse that relies on threats and the use of violence, the crude re-racialization of numerous conflicts, and protests over variouspopular grievances.

    In this highly original work, Thiven Reddy shows how conventional approaches to understanding democratization have failed to capture the complexities of South Africa’s post-Apartheid transition. Rather, as a product of imperial expansion, the South African state, capitalism and citizen identities have been uniquely shaped by a particular mode of domination, namely settler colonialism.

    South Africa, Settler Colonialism and the Failures of Liberal Democracy is an important work that sheds light on the nature of modernity, democracy and the complex politics of contemporary South Africa.

  • 408.
    Reyntjens, Filip
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Burundi - landet med kuppen utan slut1996Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Rwanda och Burundi märks i massmedia nästan uteslutande i samband med massvåld och ständiga strider mellan hutuer och tutsier. Denna skrift visar att våldet snarare är politiskt än etniskt till sin natur, även om etniciteten inte saknar betydelse, utan utgör en pådrivande kraft som används av eliterna i deras politiska strategier.

  • 409.
    Reyntjens, Filip
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Small states in an unstable region: Rwanda and Burundi, 1999-20002000Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    "Small States in an Unstable Region - Rwanda and Burundi 1999-2000" is the second overview by Filip Reyntjens on present development sin Rwanda and Burundi. The first one "Talking or Fighting?" (published 1999) covered the period 1998-1999. In the new publication questions such as governance and institutions, human rights, justice, civil wars, opposition and political dialogue in Rwanda and Burundi are investigated as well as how the regional situation, resulting from the ongoing war in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, has a serious destabilizing effect on the internal situation in both countries.

  • 410.
    Reyntjens, Filip
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Talking or fighting?: political evolution in Rwanda and Burundi, 1998-19991999Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Just like in 1997, there is a great deal of continuity in the political revolution of Rwanda and Burundi, but its regional impact is felt even more, especially in the case of Rwanda. Although the civil war is still ravaging the country, in Burundi the search for a political solution is moving at a snail's pace, through the dual process of political partnership within the country and the Arusha negotiations. On the other hand, the regime in Rwanda continues to favour the military option, which, moreover, has met with some success following the second intervention in the Congo and the regroupment of an important section of the population in the Northwest. While, in Burundi, the political landscape remains divided and even fragmented, in Rwanda the RPF has reinforced its grasp on a tightly-controlled system, notably through the destruction of the MDR. Cohesion within the RPF, however, is by no means guaranteed. At the political level, the system in Burundi is undoubtedly more inclusive than that of the Rwandan regime, whose base continues to shrink. While Rwanda has opted for the path of almost absolute control, Burundi continues its quest for political solutions, although the process is fragile and success is far from guaranteed. In August 1998, Rwanda reaffirmed its ambitions as a regional military power. Furthermore, even more than in 1996-1997, the Congolese operation opens up access to resources which not only help finance the war, but also enrich some political and military actors in Kigali. Although the Burundian army has also become involved in the Congo, its ambitions seem more limited. Furthermore, the regional alliances have become clearer and more visible, which does not necessarily mean that they are stable.

  • 411.
    Rolandsen, Øystein H.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Guerrilla government: political changes in the southern Sudan during the 1990s2005Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Although it suffered a serious setback when, in 1991, three senior commanders tried to wrestle control from its leader, John Garang, the SPLM/A has remained the main rebel organisation in the southern Sudan since the start of the second civil war in 1983. At a national level the SPLM/As influence over political development in the south has been matched only by the government in Khartoum and its armed forces, and at a local level only by chiefs, who derive their power from the old system of indirect rule, established by the British during the colonial period. An understanding of the changes and processes within the SPLM/A is, therefore, essential to an analysis of the Sudans contemporary history and current events, which includes continuing peace negotiations, and the planning of post-war southern Sudan. This volume analyses the main events leading up to the SPLM/As current position of supremacy and follows the process of internal reform that has brought about a nascent state structure amidst a devastating civil war and continuous humanitarian crisis.The book consists of three chronologically ordered, integrated parts, where the first part discusses the effect of the split in 1991 and the movements political and administrative structures prior to its National Convention in 1994. The activities of southern rebels, traditional structures and humanitarian agencies are described, and the study shows how the interaction between these institutions constituted a unique political system.The 1994 Convention is discussed in the second part. The Convention was, and to some extent still is, regarded by most members of the SPLM/A as one of the Movement’s greatest achievements. Here the processes leading up to the National Convention is recaptured; preparations and the event itself are discussed thoroughly.Finally, the book analyses the significance of the Convention and its reforms in the light of later attempts at implementation when, in the last part of the 1990s, political paralysis set in as the Movement experienced unprecedented military success. The discussion is brought to a conclusion with a brief summary of events during the period 2000–2004 and presents some thoughts on the future government of the south Sudan.

    Guerrilla Government is of interest to academics, humanitarian workers and diplomats concerned with the Sudan’s contemporary history, civil wars and humanitarian operations in a war-zone. The book contributes towards documenting the experience of the southern Sudanese and the pretext for the current peace process, and provides ample case material for students of insurgencies and internal conflicts. Explaining the political and military background to today’s complex situation in the South, Guerrilla Government should be studied by everyone who wishes to contribute to the rebuilding of a war-torn Sudan.

  • 412.
    Roy, Sumit
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, African International Links.
    China and India, "rising powers" and African development: challenges and opportunities2014Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In this report, the challenges and opportunities arising from the growing ties between two key “Rising Powers,” China and India, and Africa are more fully explored. This trend has given rise to speculative, exaggerated and ideological responses and a mixture of anxiety and hope. What is needed is an interdisciplinary political economy study to investigate the ways in which global, regional and national linkages in the relationship impact on the prospects of sustainable development in Africa. The necessity for this is underscored by the growing influence of the BRICS group (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) in reshaping the world.In this frame, the focus is on the nature of the shift in China’s and India’s strategic vision of Africa in terms of politics, ideology and economic development. This shift impinges on trade and investment and, in turn, the scope for inducing structural economic change in the context of colonial and postcolonial tensions. Comparative observation of countries in Eastern and Southern Africa, particularly Ethiopia in the former, illustrates their capacity to cope with the new powers. This is a critical aspect of the continent’s complex interplay with states and institutions within and beyond its borders. Ultimately, African nations have to individually and collectively confront the challenges and opportunities stemming from their evolving relationships with these Rising Powers.

  • 413.
    Rudebeck, Lars
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Colapso e reconstrução política na Guiné-Bissau 1998-2000: um estudo de democratização difícil2001Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study of recent developments in Guinea Bissau. Lars Rudebeck seeks to investigate how democratic rule emerges and functions in real life. His analysis extends far beyond the multi-party system and election procedures as he discusses contrasts in people's perceptions of democracy. He assesses their access to influential structures, the roles of civil and political society, of the military, and of international assistance and argues that complex power structures need to be addressed if democracy is to be consolidated.

  • 414.
    Rudebeck, Lars
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Developmental pressure and political limits: a Tunisian illustration1969Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 415.
    Rudebeck, Lars
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Electoral Democratisation in Post-Civil War Guinea-Bissau 1999 - 20082011Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This Discussion Paper provides a profound analysis of the theory of democratisation as applied in a post-conflict West African context. It includes a compelling analysis of ‘democratisation without development’ in Guinea-Bissau and lays the groundwork for what is to be done to facilitate democratic transformation in the country. This is a must-read for scholars, policy and development practitioners and activists keen on understanding the immediate background to the current challenges facing Guinea-Bissau and their possible resolution.

  • 416.
    Rudebeck, Lars
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Guinea-Bissau: a study of political mobilization1974Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In this book concrete facts are presented about the struggle for national liberation and development in the small West African peasant country, an independent republic since September, 1973. The focus of the book is upon the new society under construction in the liberated areas of the country, while the armed struggle against the Portuguese colonial army was still going on. The book takes account of the dramatic changes in Portugal and her former African possessions that occurred in 1974, including Portuguese recognition and United Nations membership of the Republic of Guinea-Bissau.

  • 417.
    Rudebeck, Lars
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Guinea-Bissau: folket, partiet och staten1977Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    I oktober 1974 tågade ledarna för den nationella befrielserörelsen PAIGC in i huvudstaden Bissau, sedan den siste portugisiske soldaten lämnat Guinea-Bissau efter mer än femhundra års kolonialvälde. Den väpnade kampen var vunnen. Glädjen var stor över fred och frihet. Men den fredliga kampen för utveckling hade nätt och jämt börjat. tatskassan var tom. Behoven trängde sig på överallt. Var skulle man börja?

    I den här boken skildras i två perspektive den politiska organisationen och den konkreta utvecklingsstrategin i Guinea-Bissau under de första åren av fred och självständighet: dels genom en översikt av hela landet och dels genom en detaljskildring av Kandjadja, en vanlig by på landet i norra Guinea-Bissau.

    Boken vänder sig till alla som vill veta mer om Guinea-Bissau, ett afrikanskt land vars förbindelser med Sverige hela tiden utvecklas. Samtidigt är boken ett vetenskapligt bidrag till vår kunskap om förutsättningar för olika typer av utvecklingsstrategier.

  • 418.
    Rudebeck, Lars
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Problèmes de pouvoir populaire et de développement: transition difficile en Guinée-Bissau1982Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 419.
    Rwelamira, Medard
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Refugees in a chess game: reflections on Botswana, Lesotho and Swaziland refugee policies1990Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The number of refugees in Botswana, Lesotho, and Swaziland have risen dramatically. To analyse the complex refugee policies which evolved the author places these countries in the broader context of the political economy of the subregion. After giving the general background the author proceeds to analyse each of the three countries in terms of how South African policies have affected their refugee policies.

  • 420.
    Salih, M. A. Mohamed
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    The current situation in the Horn of Africa: statements from the Uppsala forum, 28-30 August 19911991Konferanseproceedings (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 421.
    Salih, M. A. Mohamed
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Hjort af Ornäs, AndersNordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Ecology and politics: environmental stress and security in Africa1989Konferanseproceedings (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Environmental issues are all too often treated separately from politics and social change. This volume tries to redress the balance. Common to the essays is a search for the interrelationship between ecological stress and politics.

  • 422.
    Salih, M. A. Mohamed
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Markakis, John
    Ethnicity and the state in Eastern Africa1998Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Anathematized and outlawed by African nationalism early in the postcolonial period, ethnicity has now eclipsed nationalism. It has proved by far the most potent force for political mobilization. The studies in this volume provide ample evidence of this potency of ethnicity. The authors focus on ethnicity's relationship to the state and try to account for the twists and turns that mark the history of this relationship.

  • 423.
    Salih, M.A. Mohamed
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Transnational Islamist (Jihadist) Movements and Inter-State Conflicts in the Horn of Africa2011Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Somalia has engendered the policy debate on the extent of the spread of transnational Islamist Jihadist groups in the Horn of Africa (HOA) and their consequences for peace and security across the region. These concerns are justified given the emergence since the late 1980s of extremist groups such as the Eritrean Islamic Jihad Movement and the Somali Jihadist Islamist groups of the likes of Al-Ittihad, the Islamic Courts Union and currently Al Shabab. The leaders and fighters of these groups relocated to the HOA after the defeat of the Taliban following the 2001 US invasion of Afghanistan. The operations of these transnational Islamist groups within and across the countries of the Horn pose serious challenges to the region and beyond.

  • 424.
    Sano, Hans-Otto
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Namibia and the Nordic countries1981Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 425.
    Schabowska, Henryka
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Himmelstrand, Ulf
    Africa reports on the Nigerian crisis: news, attitudes and background information1978Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 426.
    Sebudubudu, David
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Molutsi, Patrick
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Elite as a Critical Factor in National Development: The case of Botswana2011Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The Discussion Paper provides insightful explanations for Botswana’s emergence as one of Africa’s developmental success stories. It underscores the role of the ruling elite coalition in shaping the particular kind of politics, inclusive policies, consensus, partnerships and vision that have contributed to the emergence of Botswana as a democratic developmental state. This is an important paper that should be read by all those keen to understand how Botswana has managed to avoid the ‘natural resource curse’ and stand out as a model of democratic stability and sustained economic growth in Africa.

  • 427.
    Sellström, Tor
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    A Suécia e as lutas de libertação nacional em Angola, Moçambique e Guiné-Bissau2008Bok (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [pt]

    Durante a guerra fria o mundo ocidental em geral considerava os movimentos nacionais de libertação na Guiné Bissau e na África Austral como ”terroristas” e/ou ”comunistas”. A Suécia constituiu uma excepção, tendo depois sido seguida pelos outros países nórdicos. Com base numa decisão parlamentar aprovada por uma larga maioria, a Suécia tornou-se, em 1969, o primeiro país do Ocidente a dar ajuda oficial aos movimentos nacionalistas. Estes movimentos depois de uma prolongada luta armada contra o poder colonial português, o governo de minoria branca e o apartheid, sairiam vencedores e tornar-se-iam os partidos dominantes nos seus países.No presente volume  descreve-se o surgimento de uma opinião na Suécia e a ajuda deste país aos movimentos de libertação MPLA (Angola), FRELIMO (Moçambique) e PAIGC (Guiné-Bissau).  O volume baseia-se na obra do autor intitulada “A Suécia e a libertação nacional na África Austral”, que também trata do Zimbabué, da Namíbia e da África do Sul e que foi publicada em dois volumes pelo Instituto Nórdico de Estudos Africanos, em 1999 e 2002 respectivamente.

  • 428.
    Sellström, Tor
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Hammarskjöld and apartheid South Africa: Mission unaccomplished2011Inngår i: African Journal on Conflict Resolution, ISSN 1562-6997, E-ISSN 2309-737X, Vol. 11, nr 1, s. 35-62Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 429. Sellström, Tor
    et al.
    Wohlgemuth, Lennart
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Rwanda - ett land i kris1995Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Rwanda genomled 1994 en av de värsta tragedierna i Afrikas historia. I början av 1995 var Rwanda ett delat land med djupa klyftor i samhället och med en ekonomi i ruiner. Denna skrift ger en kort presentation av Rwanda och dess folk, en översikt över landets historia och de senaste årens händelser, samt kommentarer till den aktuella situationen.

  • 430.
    Sesay, Amadu
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    The African union: forward march or about face-turn?2008Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 431.
    Silveira, Onésimo
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    African ideologies and party structure1969Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 432.
    Simson, Howard
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Zambia: a country study1985Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This study surveys and analyses Zambia's socio-economic development during the first two decades of its existence as an independent state.

  • 433.
    Sjögren, Anders
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Battles over boundaries: the politics of territory, identity and authority in three Ugandan regions2015Inngår i: The Journal of Contemporary African Studies, ISSN 0258-9001, Vol. 33, nr 2, s. 268-284Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In Uganda, contested relations between the central government and sub-national regions have, since independence, shaped state formation and national identity in fundamental ways. Today, the country is characterised by regionally uneven state presence, and distinct sub-national identities and ongoing contestation over territorial demarcations, loci of authority and political identities. This article explores the politics of territory, identity and authority in three Ugandan regions in this context, in order to analyse the implications for exclusion and conflict at the sub-national level. This involves struggles over the territorial and administrative demarcations of and within regions; the loci and scope of authority with regards to these units; struggles over access to land; and the (non-)recognition of various cultural–political identities in these regions.

  • 434.
    Sjögren, Anders
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Between Militarism and Technocratic Governance: State Formation in Contemporary Uganda2013Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Anders Sjögren is a researcher at the Nordic Africa Institute, Uppsala and in the Department of Political Science, Stockholm University. He has researched and published extensively on Ugandan and Kenyan politics over the last decade. This book is a revised version of his doctoral thesis. State-civil society relations in Africa have during recent decades been transformed in the context of economic liberalisation and state reform. This study explores state-civil society relations in contemporary Uganda, from 1986 to the present, in order to illustrate and explain the scope for and capacity of different social forces to create access to and democratise the state. The study interrogates state-civil society relations under the incumbent National Resistance Movement government as these are expressed through forms of interest representation and conflict regulation in different political arenas. It analyses this problem through an empirical study of the health sector at both national and local levels. Changes in the health regime – the rules and practices that regulate health politics – are analysed by a historical reconstruction of how different health regimes evolved from demands from social forces on the colonial and postcolonial state, in relation to broader patterns of political change. The ruling political coalition from 1986 has promoted a model for capitalist development based on donor-driven economic growth, institutional reform and political monopoly – what is referred to in the study as technocratic governance. Throughout, however, the technocratic tendency has been shaped in relation to the political economy of militarism as a more openly repressive form of authoritarian rule. The study argues that limits to democratisation of state society relations within the health sector and of Ugandan politics at large are best explained by relations of domination in society, within the state and among external political forces. The main conclusion is that democratisation of the state has been resisted by ruling groups, and therefore restricted.

  • 435.
    Sjögren, Anders
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Civil society and governance in Africa : an outline of debates1998Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 436.
    Sjögren, Anders
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Constitutional reform in Kenya: Towards a new order?2011Inngår i: Annual Report : 2010: The rise of Africa: miracle or mirage?, ISSN 1104-5256, Vol. 2010, s. 18-19Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 437.
    Sjögren, Anders
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Figli della terra, signori del territorio? Politica della terra, etnicità e cittadinanza nel Bunyoro, Uganda occidentale2011Inngår i: Afriche e orienti, ISSN 1592-6753, Vol. 12, nr 3/4, s. 90-106Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 438.
    Sjögren, Anders
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    From rural rebellions to urban riots: political competition and changing patterns of violent political revolt in Uganda2017Inngår i: Commonwealth and Comparative Politics, ISSN 1466-2043, E-ISSN 1743-9094, Vol. 55, nr 1, s. 22-40Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Violent political revolt has been common in independent Uganda. For a long time such revolts were exclusively expressed as rural-based rebel groups fighting the government. Since the mid-2000s, however, this seems to have come to an end. Instead, urban riots, very rare in the past, have become much more common. This article analyses the changing patterns of types and location of violent political revolt in Uganda under the National Resistance Movement. It argues that the earlier prevalence of rural rebellions can be explained by the combination of a coercive and militarised state, and weak and ethnically factionalised political forces who took their violent resistance to rural regional bases. Over time, however, government counter-insurgency became more effective and the conditions for insurgency were undermined by withdrawal of external support. Furthermore, the reintroduction of multi-party politics in 2005 opened up new avenues for political expression. The changes to the political system were however more nominal than real in many respects. While the rebel option had become less attractive and feasible, a series of social, economic and political grievances remained which were only partly channelled through party politics. They also found expression through sporadic urban violent revolt.

  • 439.
    Sjögren, Anders
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Local politics, civil society and state formation in Uganda2013Inngår i: The Imperative of Good Local Governance: Challenges for the Next Decade of Decentralization / [ed] Joakim Öjendal and Anki Dellnäs, Tokyo: United Nations University Press, 2013Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 440.
    Sjögren, Anders
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Oil, territorial control and political belonging in Uganda2013Inngår i: Working the System in Sub-Saharan Africa: Global Values, National Citizenship and Local Politics in Historical Perspective / [ed] Corrado Tornimbeni, Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2013, s. 142-160Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 441.
    Sjögren, Anders
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Risk för nya manipulationer när Kenya går till nyval2018Inngår i: Utrikesmagasinet, ISSN 2002-746XArtikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 442.
    Sjögren, Anders
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Scrambling for the promised land: land acquisitions and the politics of representation in post-war Acholi, northern Uganda2015Inngår i: Land Grabbing in Africa: the Race for Africa's Rich Farmland / [ed] Fassil Demissie, London: Routledge, 2015, 1Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 443.
    Sjögren, Anders
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Scrambling for the promised land: land acquisitions and the politics of representation in post-war Acholi, northern Uganda2013Inngår i: African Identities, ISSN 1472-5843, E-ISSN 1472-5851, Vol. 12, nr 1, s. 62-75Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In the wake of return to relative peace in Acholi region, northern Uganda, from 2006, land matters have taken centre stage. After having been displaced into camps for many years, people have started to go back home. Their return is complicated by many factors, including above all, land disputes. While the Ugandan constitution and land legislation protects customary tenure, the social and economic institutions that uphold this tenure regime have been severely weakened as a result of war and displacement. The combination of demographic changes following large-scale displacement and gradual return; social and economic conflicts emanating from biting poverty for most and accumulation by a few; uncertain territorial demarcations by way of changing and contested statutory and communal boundaries in the context of weak and subverted regulatory institutions, together deepen conflicts over resources. This article analyses these issues by examining a case of land acquisition in Amuru: a bid by the Madhvani business group to access huge tracts of land in western Acholi for purposes of growing sugar cane, and the heated debates and protests this case has generated, as played out by political representation in different arenas such as the media, courts and representative assemblies.

  • 444.
    Sjögren, Anders
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Territorialising identity, authority and conflict in Africa: an introduction2015Inngår i: The journal of contemporary African studies, ISSN 0258-9001, Vol. 33, nr 2, s. 163-170Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In much of Africa, the simultaneous contestation over sub-national demarcations, political identities and the locus of authority has activated a territorial politics. In such contexts of uncertainty, state rulers and other social forces advance competing notions of the relevant and legitimate boundaries of territories and identities. This collection of articles examines how, across the continent, struggles over territory are linked to divergent understandings of identity and authority, with significance for territorial integrity, national identity and conflict.

  • 445.
    Sjögren, Anders
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Uganda: land disputes in the wake of civil war2011Inngår i: New Routes, ISSN 1403-3755, E-ISSN 2000-8082, Vol. 16, nr 4, s. 8-11Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 446.
    Sjögren, Anders
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Wielding the stick again: the rise and fall and rise of state violence during presidential elections in Uganda2018Inngår i: Violence in African elections: between democracy and Big Man politics / [ed] Mimmi Söderberg Kovacs and Jesper Bjarnesen, London ; Uppsala: Zed Books ; Nordiska Afrikainstutet , 2018, s. 47-66Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 447.
    Sjögren, Anders
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Golooba-Mutebi, Frederick
    Going to the bush: Urban-rural links and violent conflicts in Uganda2011Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 448.
    Sjögren, Anders
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Murunga, Godwin R.Institute of Development Studies, University of Nairobi, Kenya; African Leadership Centre.Okello, DuncanOffice of the Chief Justice, Republic of Kenya.
    Kenya: the struggle for a new constitutional order2014Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 449.
    Sjögren, Anders
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Murunga, Godwin R.
    nstitute of Development Studies, University of Nairobi, Kenya; African Leadership Centre.
    Okello, Duncan
    Office of the Chief Justice, Republic of Kenya.
    Towards a new constitutional order in Kenya: an introduction2014Inngår i: Kenya: the struggle for a new constitutional order / [ed] Godwin Murung'a, Duncan Okello and Anders Sjögren, London ; Uppsala: Zed Books ; Nordiska Afrikainstitutet , 2014, s. 1-14Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 450.
    Sjögren, Anders
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Oloo, Onyango
    Patel, Shailja
    State, Civil Society and Democracy in Kenya: Kenyans for Peace with Truth and Justice (KPTJ) and the Political Crisis of 2007-20082017Inngår i: Democracy, Constitutionalism, and Politics in Africa: Historical Contexts, Developments, and Dilemmas / [ed] Eunice N. Sahle, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2017, s. 265-295Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
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