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  • 51.
    Adu, George
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Adu Asamoah, Lawrence
    Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology.
    An Empirical Analysis of the Determinants of Interest Rates in Ghana2016In: Journal of African Business, ISSN 1522-8916, E-ISSN 1522-9076, Vol. 17, no 3, p. 377-396Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper provides an empirical analysis of the determinants of the bank lending rate in Ghana using annual time series data from 1970 to 2013. We found evidence of a long-run equilibrium relationship between the average lending rate charged by commercial banks and its determining factors. In the long run, bank lending rates in Ghana are positively influenced by nominal exchange rates and Bank of Ghana’s monetary policy rate but negatively with fiscal deficit, real GDP and inflation. We also find positive dependence of the bank lending rate on exchange rates, and the monetary policy rate both in the short and long run. Specifically, our findings reveal that the Bank of Ghana’s monetary policy rate and the exchange rate, by far, show strong contemporaneous effects on the average bank lending rate in Ghana.

  • 52.
    Adu, George
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Alagidede, Paul
    Wits Business School, University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Climate, Technological Change and Economic Growth2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates the incentive for developing adaptation technology in a world with changing climate within the directed technical change framework. Consistent with the market size effect, we show that technological change will tend to be biased in favour of the sector that employs the greater share of the work force over time, when the inputs are sufficiently substitutable. An economy with dominant climate sensitive sector can maintain sustained economic growth if it is capable of undertaking frontier innovations in the form of adaptation technology that increases the productivity of the inputs employed in the climate sensitive sector

  • 53.
    Adu, George
    et al.
    Department of Economics, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology.
    Dramani, John Bosco
    Department of Economics, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology.
    Africa’s mineral economies: breaking their dependence on mining2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The dependence of many African economies on a few mineral commodities exposes them to a number of risks, including economic instability, conflict and damaging environmental effects. Structural, institutional and regulatory reforms are needed to break the mineral dependence and promote economic diversification.

  • 54.
    Aeby, Michael
    Graduate Institute, Geneva, Switzerland.
    Peace and security challenges in Southern Africa: governance deficits and lacklustre regional conflict management2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Armed insurgencies, social cleavages and governance deficits relating to authoritarian rule and abuse of state resources all imperil peace and stability in Southern Africa. The Southern African Development Community’s institutional framework for regional peace and security is proving ineffective because its leaders are unwilling to enforce democratic principles.

  • 55.
    Aeby, Michael
    University of Cape Town, Institute for Democracy, Citizenship and Public Policy in Africa (IDCPPA), Cape Town, South Africa.
    SADC – the southern arrested development community?: enduring challenges to peace and security in Southern Africa2019Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Southern Africa is likely to experience more social unrest in the foreseeable future. That is one of the conclusions in this policy dialogue, which provides an overview of political and economic developments relevant to regional peace and security in Southern Africa.

    While the region continues to experience isolated armed conflicts, and while developmental backlogs present a major risk to regional stability in the long run, currently the most acute source of instability stems from governance deficits, which in the past decade have prompted crises in many of the member states of the Southern African Development Community (SADC). SADC’s institutional framework for regional peace and security has proven ineffective because SADC leaders have prioritised national sovereignty over the enforcement of democratic principles. The institutions have little capacity as they lack material and political support. The governance deficits and SADC’s lacklustre conflict management may in the long run arrest development in Southern Africa.

  • 56. Agbo, Mathias Jr
    et al.
    Makuwira, Jonathan
    Malawi University of Science and Technology, Limbe, Malawi.
    Cruelty by design: how African cities discriminate against people with disabilities2019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Africa is currently home to some 78 million people with disabilities. Meanwhile, recent years have seen the size and populations of the continent’s major cities increasing at a startling rate. As a result, there is a pressing need to consider issues of urban design and accessibility, and how they affect people with disabilities.

  • 57.
    Agbu, Osita
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Ethnic militias and the threat to democracy in post-transition Nigeria2004Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    The democratic opening presented by Nigeria’s successful transition to civil rule (June 1998 to May 1999) unleashed a host of hitherto repressed or dormant political forces. Unfortunately, it has become increasingly difficult to differentiate between genuine demands by these forces on the state and outright criminality and mayhem. Post-transition Nigeria is experiencing the proliferation of ethnic militia movements purportedly representing, and seeking to protect, their ethnic interests in a country, which appears incapable of providing the basic welfare needs of its citizens.

    It is against the background of collective disenchantment with the Nigerian state, and the resurgence of ethnic identity politics that this research interrogates the growing challenge posed by ethnic militias to the Nigerian democracy project. The central thesis is that the over-centralization of power in Nigeria’s federal practice and the failure of post-transitional politics in genuinely addressing the “National Question, has resulted in the emergence of ethnic militias as a specific response to state incapacity. The short- and long-term threats posed by this development to Nigeria’s fragile democracy are real, and justify the call for a National Conference that will comprehensively address the demands of the ethnic nationalities.

  • 58.
    Agbu, Osita A.
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Ethnicity and Democratisation in Africa: Challenges for Politics and Development2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This Discussion Paper explores the challenges that ethnicity poses for democratisation and development in Africa. It provides an overview of the literature on ethnicity and democratisation and an analysis of the trends on the continent since the end of the Cold War. In this regard, it critically examines perspectives on the impact of ethnicity on democracy and analyses the ethnicity-citizenship nexus in the context of the national democratic question in Africa. This provides the basis for the analysis of emerging challenges facing Africa and the way forward. The paper provides additional insights into the ongoing debates about democracy and the nation-state question in Africa and is of interest to scholars, practitioners and the general reader.

  • 59.
    Ahlsén, Bengt
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Namibia (Sydvästafrika)1970Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 60.
    Ahlsén, Bengt
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Portugisiska Afrika: Beskrivning av ett kolonialimperium och dess sönderfall1972Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 61.
    Ahlsén, Bengt
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Sydafrika, Namibia, Rhodesia: Minoritetsstyrda länder i södra Afrika1973Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 62.
    Ahonsi, Babatunde A.
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Gender Violence and HIV/AIDS in Post-Conflict West Africa: Issues and responses2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This discussion paper examines the linkages between gender and gender inequality in the context of conflict, sexual violence and HIV transmission, and their impact on postconflict reconstruction in Sierra Leone and Liberia. It makes two critical contributions to a gendered perspective on post-conflict transitions in West Africa. First, it notes that contrary to conventional wisdom, post-war transitions to relative peace have made little difference to women’s exposure to chronic sexual violence, with potential implications for increased HIV transmission. Second, the study interrogates those assumptions linking war-related sexual violence to high HIV prevalence in post-conflict contexts, by showing that despite over a decade of armed conflict, Liberia and Sierra Leone had adult HIV prevalence rates that were among the lowest in West Africa. This paper goes beyond generally held notions of the sexual and gender dimensions of civil wars in Africa and points to a gap in, and key challenge for studies and policies on post-conflict reconstruction in Africa.

  • 63.
    Ahonsi, Babatunde A.
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Towards More Informed Responses to Gender Violence and HIV/AIDS in Post-Conflict West African Settings2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The evidence is incontrovertible that Liberia (with its two civil wars, 1989-97 and 2000-03) and Sierra Leone (with its 1991-2001 war) have emerged from two of the most inhuman, ferocious and cruel conflicts in the post-Cold war era. The scale of destruction, rape, mayhem, arson and torture perpetrated during these wars was among the greatest in Africa’s postcolonial history. Women, especially adolescents and young adults, were exposed to extreme sexual brutality at a time when a growing heterosexually-driven HIV pandemic was occurring in the West African sub-region. Both countries also experienced an economic and social collapse that resulted in human development indicators on employment, income, health, education, women’s status and child well-being that are among the lowest in the world. Protracted armed conflicts, as witnessed in Liberia and Sierra Leone and beyond, expose women and girls to unprecedented levels and forms of sexual violence. Moreover, the expectation that the transition from war to peace will lead to significantly reduced sexual violence against women (SVAW) is often disappointed. Instead, post-conflict transitions tend to produce a change in the predominant forms of sexual violence and the profile of its perpetrators. The extended and interlinked conflicts in these neighbouring countries relate at a fundamental level to the persistent denial of citizenship rights to particular population sub-groups over several decades. Within such landscapes of severe social, economic and political marginalization and deprivation, women and girls were bound to suffer more than men and boys during and after the wars as a result of long-established and deeply entrenched patriarchal structures and ideologies in both countries. The persistence of SVAW during post-conflict transitions tends to increase the risk of HIV infection among younger women relative to the phase of armed conflict. A key causal factor is men’s highly exploitative, transactional and cross-generational multiple sexual activities. Thus far, the dominant responses to this complex of issues in post-conflict West Africa have lacked a nuanced understanding of the underlying drivers of sexual violence and its intersections with women’s higher risk of HIV infection.The policy responses to the challenges of post-conflict reconstruction and peace-building in West Africa have generally focused more on traditional security, physical infrastructurere building and economic revitalization issues than on such highly gendered human security concerns as sexual violence and violations of reproductive rights. Left unaddressed, these persisting or worsening human security challenges, affecting at least half their populations, make sustainable peace and development in post-conflict Liberia and Sierra Leone nearly impossible.

  • 64.
    Ahtisaari, Martti
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    50th anniversary conference 'Fifty years with Africa in focus': Keynote speech by President Martti Ahtisaari: 'Celebrating 50 Years of Nordic-Africa Partnership: Reflections on the Past and the Future2012Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Filmed during the 50th anniversary conference 'Fifty years with Africa in focus', 12 October 2012 in Uppsala, Sweden. Part 1: 18 min. 39 sek. Part 2: 48 min. 47 sek.

  • 65. Aina, Tade Akin
    et al.
    Etta, Florence E.
    Obi, Cyril I.
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    The Search for a Sustainable Urban Development in Metropolitan Lagos, Nigeria: Problems and Prospects1994In: Third World Planning Review, ISSN 0142-7849, Vol. 16, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 66.
    Akindès, Francis
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    The roots of the military-political crises in Côte d'Ivoire2004Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    With the coup d’etat of 24 December 1999 and the politico-military conflict that started on 19 September 2002, Côte d’Ivoire broke with its tradition of political stability, which had served as a model in the West African sub-region. It is now facing an unprecedented crisis that is not only jeopardising the continuity of the state, but has also introduced a culture of violence into the society.This study has three objectives. The primary one is to understand the nature of this socio-political crisis, and what is at stake in it. Secondly, the study examines the issue of ivoirité. Finally, it explores the escalation of violence in this socio-political crisis and the catalogue of justifications for that violence.It is argued that the recurrence of military coups d’etat in Côte d’Ivoire signifies the delegitimisation of the modes of regulation built on the tontine system, and calls for a renewal of the political grammar and socio-political regulatory modalities around integrating principles that have yet to be devised.

    CONTENT

    Introduction

    CHAPTER 1. The Three Parameters of the Houphouët Boigny Compromise

    Deliberate and centralised openness policy to the outside world

    Philosophy of the “peanut roasters”

    Paternalistic management of social diversity

    CHAPTER 2. Houphouetism Shows Signs of Wear and Tear under Democratisation

    Confronting the issues: the political class and the criteria for political representation and legitimacy

    “Ivoirité” under Bédié, or the selective function of an ideology

    General Gueï’s variable-geometry Houphouetism

    The RDR, or Houphouetism the wrong way round

    The FPI, or the theoretical expression radical schism Immigration and its politicisation

    CHAPTER 3. The Problematic of “Ivoirité” and the Meaning of History in Côte d’Ivoire

    The social and political construction of “Ivoirité”

    Ideological justification

    Political justification

    Economic justification

    The constitution and ethno-nationalism

    Military coups d’état as therapy for “Ivoirité”?

    CHAPTER 4. The Course of History, or the Need for the Invention of Another Social Contract

    Alassane Dramane Ouattarra (ADO): symbol of the reality underlying the question of being a national

    An alternative to “slice” citizenship

    Bibliography

  • 67.
    Alagidede, Paul
    et al.
    Wits Business School, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Adu, George
    Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana.
    Boakye Frimpong, Prince
    Garden City University College, Kumasi, Ghana.
    The effect of climate change on economic growth: evidence from Sub-Saharan Africa2016In: Environmental Economics and Policy Studies, ISSN 1432-847X, E-ISSN 1867-383X, Vol. 18, no 3, p. 417-436Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study is a contribution to the empirics of climate change and its effect on sustainable economic growth in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Using data on two climate variables: temperature and precipitation, and employing panel cointegration econometric technique of the long- and short-run effects of climate change on growth, we establish that temperatures beyond 24.9 °C would significantly reduce economic performance in SSA. Furthermore, we show that the relationship between real GDP per capita on one hand and temperature on the other is intrinsically nonlinear.

  • 68.
    Albanese, Marina
    et al.
    University of Naples.
    Navarra, Cecilia
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Tortia, Ermanno
    University of Trento.
    Equilibrium unemployment as a worker insurance device: wage setting in worker owned enterprises2017Report (Refereed)
  • 69.
    Alden, Chris
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Sidiropoulos, Elizabeth
    Africa-China-EU Cooperation in Africa: Prospects and Pitfalls2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Africa-China-EU cooperation is still in its formative stages. It has the express focus of contributing to peace, stability and sustainable development in Africa. The creation of a virtuous circle of growth and development, one which employs the tools of globalisation to Africa’s best advantage, has to be a fundamental aim of any trilateral cooperation. At the same time, the opening up of trilateral dialogue should allow all three partners to give consideration to areas in which conflicting views or interests arise. Indeed, the spectre of a two-way China-EU “donor cartel” emerging from the process continues to negatively influence perceptions of the initiative in some African circles. Thus, the challenge facing Africa, China and the EU is to envisage a mechanism or modality for managing trilateral cooperation in the era of globalisation that addresses the concerns of all participants while maintaining an overarching commitment to African development. This policy note examines the origins of the trilateral dialogue, makes proposals for building on this dialogue, and ends with possible models for this trilateral cooperation.

  • 70.
    Alfredsson, Henrik
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Sköld, MattiasThe Nordic Africa Institute.Sävström, JohanThe Nordic Africa Institute.
    Shades of Africa: research on a changing continent2016Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 71.
    Allott, Antony N.
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Enhetssträvanden i afrikansk lagstiftning1969Book (Other academic)
  • 72.
    Alsaker Kjerland, Kirsten
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    When African women take wives: A historiographical overview1997Report (Other academic)
  • 73.
    Amankwaah, Clementina
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Election-Related Violence: The Case of Ghana2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This Current African Issue gives an overview of the causes and experiences of electionrelated violence in relation to patronage politics in Ghana. Ghana has been framed b ythe international community as a unique bastion of democracy and peace on the African continent. Nevertheless, the country has come from a military regime like many of its democratic African counterparts and is still prone to some of the problems faced by its more turbulent neighbours. The three main guiding issues that this publication will address in relation to election-related violence in Ghana are:

    • The causes of election-related violence in Ghana
    • Who the people most likely to cause election-related violence are
    • The role that “big men” play in election-related violence
  • 74.
    Amanor, Kojo Sebastian
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Global restructuring and land rights in Ghana: forest food chains, timber and rural livelihoods1999Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The report highlights the long history of commodification of land and labour in Ghana, linked to speculative activites and more recently to the activities of international capital, agribusiness, international agricultural centres and agencies of the state. It makes the case for a new land, agrarian and natural resource regime that prioritises domestic economic needs to provide security of livelihood to the generality of the people.

  • 75.
    Amanor, Kojo Sebastian
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Land, labour and the family in southern Ghana: a critique of land policy under neo-liberalisation2001Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report is based on field work carried out in the Akyem Abuakwa area of the forest region of Ghana, a section of the country rich in agricultural land, gold, and diamonds.

    Through the field work which was undertaken and the empirical material generated, the author attempts to chart the processes and patterns of differentiation connected to land and land use in contemporary Ghana. In addition to class-related differentiation, he also identifies intra-household, generational and gender differences as well as their implications for the mobilisation of family labour and the emergence of new land and labour markets.

    The conclusions which the author draws challenge some of the dominant theoretical approaches to the land question in contemporary Africa, particularly the evolutionary property rights and communitarian approaches.

  • 76.
    Amissah, Austin
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Recent developments in Ghana1973Other (Other academic)
  • 77.
    Anacleti, A.O.
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Jipemoyo1980Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 78.
    Andersson, Gun-Britt
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Kooperation i u-land: ett seminarium om Östafrika1966Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 79.
    Andersson, Marianne
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Faktasökning2010In: Att studera Afrika: vägar till källorna / [ed] Marianne Andersson och Åsa Lund Moberg, Uppsala: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet , 2010, 4, p. 16-23Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 80.
    Andersson, Marianne
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Literature searching2011In: Studying Africa: a guide to the sources / [ed] Marianne Andersson and Åsa Lund Moberg, Uppsala: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet , 2011, 2, p. 7-15Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 81.
    Andersson, Marianne
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Literature searching and searching for facts2014In: Studying Africa: a guide to the sources / [ed] Marianne Andersson, Uppsala: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, 2014, 3, p. 7-22Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 82.
    Andersson, Marianne
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Litteratursökning2010In: Att studera Afrika: vägar till källorna / [ed] Marianne Andersson och Åsa Lund Moberg, Uppsala: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet , 2010, 4, p. 7-15Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 83.
    Andersson, Marianne
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Searching for facts2011In: Studying Africa: a guide to the sources / [ed] Marianne Andersson and Åsa Lund Moberg, Uppsala: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet , 2011, 2, p. 16-23Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 84.
    Andersson, Marianne
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Studying Africa: a guide to the sources2014Collection (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 85.
    Andersson, Marianne
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Lund Moberg, ÅsaThe Nordic Africa Institute.
    Att studera Afrika: vägar till källorna2010Collection (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Att studera Afrika är en guide till Afrikastudier inom främst det samhällsvetenskapliga området. Både tryckta och internetbaserade informationskällor behandlas i denna nya, grundligt uppdaterade upplaga. Boken ger praktist vägledning till en rad hjälpmedel för litteratur- och faktasökning. Dessutom finns fylliga introduktioner till litteraturen inom ämnesområdena historia, politik och ekonomi. Boken vänder sig i första hand till studerande och forskare, men även lärare, journalister och bibliotekarier med flera har nytta av den.

  • 86.
    Andersson, Marianne
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Lund Moberg, ÅsaThe Nordic Africa Institute.
    Studying Africa: a guide to the sources2011Collection (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Studying Africa provides an introduction to the basic handbooks and standard works on contemporary Africa. It also offers guidance on searching for literature and facts wwithin the field of social sciences.

  • 87.
    Andersson, Per-Åke
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Bigsten, Arne
    Persson, Håkan
    Foreign aid, debt and growth in Zambia2000Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study first discusses the structural problems of Zambia and the policies of adjustment that have been tried. It then uses a computable general equilibrium model to analyse the impact of various strategies with regard to external resource transfers. It compares the impacts of foreign loans or grants to the private and the public sectors, as well as the impact of a turnaround of the country's fortunes with regard to its external terms of trade. The results of the policy analysis show that the scope for growth is highly dependent on the tightness of the external resource constraint.

  • 88.
    Andræ, Gunilla
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Industry in Ghana: production form and spatial structure1981Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the West African economies the incorporation into the world market has resulted in a variety of social production forms. Apart from the marginally remaining pre-capitalist forms, formal production on the pattern of the advanced industrialised economies is found side-by-side with a substantial of informally organised activities. The latter are specialised activities which retain pre-capitalist forms of social organisation and modes of interaction while they are in various ways integrated in the market for rawmaterials, output, labour and skills.

    This study of the structure of production forms found in the manufacturing industry in Ghana in the 1960's and of the resulting implications for the structure of the Ghanaian national economy as a whole. Focus is on 'development' implications connected with the spatial organisation of the sector and the spatial element that is found in the division of labour between formal and informal industry.

    It is thus a contribution to the probe into the forms for 'articulation of modes of production' connected with capitalist penetration in Africa after Independence. It adds to the understanding of the conditions for counteracting structural imbalance and inequality particularly.

  • 89.
    Andræ, Gunilla
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Beckman, Björn
    Industry goes farming: the Nigerian raw material crisis and the case of textiles and cotton1987Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This is a study of the textile industry, how it was hit by crisis, and its involvement in the production and marketing of cotton, its main raw material. When "Industry Goes Farming" it signals a new phase in third world industrialisation, with far-reaching consequences for agriculture. Can peasants solve the problems of industry or must agriculture itself be industrialised? The study examines both the industrial end of the raw material crisis and industry's strategies for subordinating or replacing the peasantry.

  • 90.
    Andræ, Gunilla
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Beckman, Björn
    The wheat trap: bread and underdevelopment in Nigeria1985Book (Other academic)
  • 91.
    Andræ, Gunilla
    et al.
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Beckman, Björn
    Union power in the Nigerian textile industry: labour regime and adjustment1998Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Nigeria, once a promising and resourceful country, is experiencing economic and political decay. This book highlights the remarkable progress wich has been achieved in spite of this decline. It follows Nigeria´s important textile industry from the heyday of the oilboom through successive phases of adjustment and liberalization. The fo-cus is on the trade unions and the book points to the successful institutionalization of a union-based labour regime. It draws on extensive field work, interviews with managers unionists, workers and massive documentation from internal union sources.

  • 92.
    Angerbrandt, Henrik
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    A fair electoral process can ease divisions in Nigeria: decentralised politics brought on a new set of challenges in the north2015Report (Other academic)
  • 93.
    Angerbrandt, Henrik
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit. Stockholm University.
    Deadly elections: post-election violence in Nigeria2018In: Journal of Modern African Studies, ISSN 0022-278X, E-ISSN 1469-7777, Vol. 56, no 1, p. 143-167Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Two decades after the ‘third wave of democratization’, extensive violence continues to follow elections in sub-Saharan Africa. Whereas national processes connected to pre-election violence have received increased scholarly attention, little is known of local dynamics of violence after elections. This article examines the 2011 Nigerian post-election violence with regard to the ways in which national electoral processes interweave with local social and political disputes. The most affected state, Kaduna State, has a history of violent local relations connected to which group should control politics and the state. It is argued that electoral polarisation aggravated national ethno-religious divisions that corresponded to the dividing line of the conflict in Kaduna. A rapid escalation of violence was facilitated by local social networks nurtured by ethno-religious grievances.

  • 94.
    Angerbrandt, Henrik
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Inkludering nyckeln för att mota Boko Haram2017In: Utrikesmagasinet : UI:s forum för analys och opinion, ISSN 2002-746XArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 95.
    Angerbrandt, Henrik
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Nigeria and the Lake Chad Region beyond Boko Haram2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In light of a recent UN Security Council resolution on the Lake Chad region, this policy note identifies major challenges that need to be addressed to create conditions for actors in the region to build a lasting peace. The issues include demobilising local vigilantes and resolving land-related conflicts.

  • 96.
    Angerbrandt, Henrik
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Research Unit.
    Vaughan, Olufemi: Religion and the Making of Nigeria2018In: History: Reviews of New Books, ISSN 0361-2759, Vol. 46, no 2, p. 53-54Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 97. Anglin, Douglas
    et al.
    Widstrand, Carl GöstaThe Nordic Africa Institute.
    Canada, Scandinavia and Southern Africa1978Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
  • 98.
    Aning, Kwesi
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The African Union’s Peace and Security Architecture: Defining an emerging response mechanism2008Report (Other academic)
  • 99.
    Arkhangelskaya, Alexandra A.
    The Nordic Africa Institute, Globalization, Trade and Regional Integration.
    India, Brazil and South Africa Dialogue Forum: A Bridge between Three Continents: Challenges, achievements and policy options2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The India, Brazil and South Africa (IBSA) Dialogue Forum is a trilateral development initiative to promote South-South cooperation and exchange. The forum was launched with the adoptionof the Brasília Declaration in June 2003. Each of the three countries has ambitions to play a leading role in regional and global affairs. The role of the Group of Twenty (G20) in respondingto the global financial crisis reflects growing acceptance of IBSA’s emerging position by the world’s established powers. An analysis of IBSA as a rising global power bloc is therefore critical to understanding the new dimensions of South-South relations, particularly in a post-Cold War world. This policy note addresses IBSA’s framework, principles, achievements and challenges in Africa’s development perspective.

  • 100.
    Arnfred, Signe
    The Nordic Africa Institute.
    Re-thinking sexualities in Africa2004Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The volume brings together papers by African and Nordic/Scandinavian gender scholars and anthropologists, in attempts to investigate and critically discuss existing lines of thinking about sexuality in Africa, while at the same time creating space for alternative approaches. Issues of colonial and contemporary discourses on 'African sexuality' and on 'female genital mutilation' are being discussed, as well as issues of female agency and of feminists' engagement with HIV/AIDS. The volume contributes to contemporary efforts of re-thinking sexualities in the light of feminist, queer and postcolonial theory.

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