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  • 51.
    Ståhl, Michael
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Looking back, looking ahead: land, agriculture and society in East Africa : a festschrift for Kjell Havnevik2015Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Is Africa rising? Many countries in sub-Saharan Africa experience remarkable growth. Afro-optimists claim that an economic transformation is imminent, while critics argue that growth is mainly in the extractive sectors, with little improvement being noted among the rural and urban poor.

    This collection of essays focuses on East Africa, with an emphasis on Tanzania. It is published as Professor Kjell Havnevik retires from the Nordic Africa Institute. He has carried out research, taught and supervised students, and participated in policy debates on agriculture, the environment and development policies in Africa.

    In this volume, authors review the challenges that agricultural producers have faced in the past and risk facing today and tomorrow; customary and individual land tenure regimes; the character of current growth; and policy dialogue between the donor community and the Tanzanian government. Several contributions converge on the drive for large-scale land acquisitions, their potential and shortcomings, as well as on the policy alternative – investment in small-scale farming. The book also includes essays on religion and education.

    In addressing all these development issues, these essays are a fitting tribute to the work of Kjell Havnevik, his colleagues and students.

  • 52.
    Teppo, Annika
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    Church rules?: The lines of ordentlikheid among Stellenbosch Afrikaners2015Inngår i: Anthropology Southern Africa, ISSN 2332-3256, Vol. 38, nr 3-4, s. 314-330Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 53.
    Teppo, Annika
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    Moral communities in African cities2015Inngår i: Anthropology Southern Africa, ISSN 2332-3256, Vol. 38, nr 3-4, s. 284-289Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 54.
    Teppo, Annika
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    Millstein, Marianne
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    The Place of Gentrification in Cape Town2015Inngår i: Global gentrifications: uneven development and displacement / [ed] Loretta Lees, Hyun Bang Shin, Ernesto López-Morales, Bristol: Policy Press, 2015, s. 419-440Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 55.
    Themnér, Anders
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation. Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Former Military Networks and the Micro-Politics of Violence and Statebuilding in Liberia2015Inngår i: Comparative politics, ISSN 0010-4159, E-ISSN 2151-6227, Vol. 47, nr 3, s. 334-353Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent studies have highlighted the inability of disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration programs to dismantle command structures in the aftermath of civil war. The effect that lingering military networks have on peace, however, is ambiguous. Therefore, a key question—which has so far been unanswered—is why some ex-military networks are remobilized for violent purposes while others are used for more productive ones, such as income-generating activities. In this article, I seek to address this question by comparing two former mid-level commanders (ex-MiLCs) in Liberia and the networks that they control. Based on this comparison I argue that it is ex-MiLCs who are shunned by governing elites as peacetime brokers of patronage—distributing economic resources to ex-fighters—that are most likely to remobilize their ex-combatant networks.

  • 56.
    Themnér, Anders
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation. Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Höglund, Kristine
    Conflict, peace and security2015Inngår i: The Future of Swedish Research!: Overview 2014 : Development Research, Stockholm: Swedish Research Council , 2015, s. 12-21Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 57.
    Trovalla, Eric
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    Trovalla, Ulrika
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    Infrastructure as a divination tool: Whispers from the grids in a Nigerian city2015Inngår i: City, ISSN 1360-4813, E-ISSN 1470-3629, Vol. 19, nr 2-3, s. 332-343Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In the Nigerian city of Jos, everyday life is shaped by interlacing rhythms of disconnection and reconnection. Petrol, electricity, water, etc., come and go, and in order to gain access inhabitants constantly try to discern the logics behind these fluctuations. However, the unpredictable infrastructure also becomes a system of signs through which residents try to understand issues beyond those immediately at hand. Signals, pipes, wires and roads link individuals to larger wholes, and the character of these connections informs and transforms experiences of the social world. Not only an object, but also a means of divination, infrastructure is a harbinger of truths about elusive and mutable social entities?neighbourhoods, cities, nations and beyond. Through the materiality of infrastructure, its flows and glitches carefully read by the inhabitants, an increasingly disjointed city emerges. Through new experiences of differentiated modes of connectedness?of no longer sharing the same roads, pipes, electricity lines, etc.?narratives are formed around lost common trajectories. By focusing on how wires, pipes and roads are turned into a divination system?how the inhabitants of Jos try to divine the city's infrastructure and possible ways forward, as well as how they try, through the infrastructure, to predict a city, a nation and a world beyond?this paper strives to find ways to grasp a thickness of urban becomings?a cityness on the move according to its own unique logic.

  • 58.
    Trovalla, Ulrika
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    Competing prayers: the making of a Nigerian urban landscape2015Inngår i: Anthropology Southern Africa, ISSN 2332-3256, Vol. 38, nr 3-4, s. 302-313Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 59.
    Trovalla, Ulrika
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    Haunted by Absent Others: Movements of Evil in a Nigerian City2015Inngår i: Encountering Evil: Anthropology in Everyday Africa / [ed] William C. Olsen & Walter E.A. van Beek, Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2015, s. 175-194Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 60.
    Trovalla, Ulrika
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    Trovalla, Eric
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    Infrastructure turned suprastructure: unpredictable materialities and visions of a Nigerian nation2015Inngår i: Journal of material culture, ISSN 1359-1835, E-ISSN 1460-3586, Vol. 20, nr 1, s. 43-57Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    There are signs hidden in the infrastructure. In the Nigerian city of Jos, the unpredictable availability of power, fuel, water, etc. becomes a vehicle of meaning. In many settings across the globe, infrastructure is often made invisible, and the centre stage that it takes in everyday life remains unrecognized. In Jos, however, as in many African cities, the constant need to predict its flows contradicts the prefix infra (below); rather than being hidden beneath the realm of experience it is brought to the surface as a puzzle to be figured out. These explorations in turn come to reveal matters beyond the infrastructure itself. Just as diviners infer the state of the world from the stones they have thrown, reading significance out of the seeming randomness of matter, the infrastructure turns intricate questions into tangible clues. It becomes a suprastructure - a divination tool giving clues about the past, present and future of the Nigerian nation.

  • 61.
    Udelsmann Rodrigues, Cristina
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    Frias, Sónia
    University of Lisbon.
    Between the City Lights and the Shade of Exclusion: Post-war accelerated urban transformation of Luanda, Angola2015Inngår i: Urban Forum, ISSN 1015-3802, E-ISSN 1874-6330Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    With nearly five centuries of history and major war-related impacts in the second half of the twentieth century, Luanda has recently been subject to outstanding changes that make the capital of Angola an important urban case study for Africa. Today, the city is not only an evident materialization of the oil wealth being channelled into reconstruction after decades of civil war, but also reflects and translates the diverse perspectives of its residents and policy makers regarding the city and urban life. As it is reconfigured, it also transforms the mentalities and daily lives of urban dwellers and policy stakeholders, reinforcing the idea of improvement and modernity. In order to better understand the processes of physical and social change that have taken place within the city and the intertwined logics, this article makes reference to three distinct key stages of its history, pointing out their main features and the transformations that have occurred: the colonial period of sociospatial dualization (1576-1974), the period between independence and the last peace agreement (1975-2002) of profound and extensive urban mixture, and the post-war period (2002-present) marked by accelerated sociospatial reconfigurations. More specifically, it analyses the very recent urban phenomena, the urban plans and new urban features, discussing the correlations between physical transformations and the rationalities and perspectives that accompany them, both of the urban planners and of the urban dwellers, discussing the implications in terms of new inclusions and exclusions in the city.

  • 62.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation. Uppsala universitet, Kulturantropologiska avdelningen.
    Martine Guichard, Tilo Grätz and Youssouf Diallo (eds.). Friendship, decent and lliance in Africa.2015Inngår i: The Australasian review of African studies, Vol. 36, nr 1, s. 135-136Artikkel, omtale (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 63.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation. Uppsala universitet, Kulturantropologiska avdelningen.
    Sharon Alane Abramowitz. Searching for the normal in the wake of the Liberian war2015Inngår i: Journal of Modern African Studies, ISSN 0022-278X, E-ISSN 1469-7777, Vol. 53, nr 3, s. 494-496Artikkel, omtale (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 64.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation. Uppsala universitet, Kulturantropologiska avdelningen.
    Terroristjakt med drönare löser inte konflikten i norra Mali2015Inngår i: Mänsklig säkerhet, , s. 2Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 65.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation. Uppsala universitet, Kulturantropologiska avdelningen.
    “The system bang me right here”: ostacoli e opportunità fra le strade di Freetown e oltre2015Inngår i: Antropologia, ISSN 2281-4043, Vol. 2, nr 1, s. 41-60Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 66.
    Woldegiorgis, Birhanu
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Agrarian Change, Property and Resources.
    Land Laws and Proclamations in Tanzania and Ethiopia2015Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 67.
    Åkesson, Lisa
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Migration, mobility and transnational relations. Göteborgs universitet.
    Multi-sited accumulation of capital: Cape Verdean returnees and small-scale business2015Inngår i: Global Networks, ISSN 1470-2266, E-ISSN 1471-0374, Vol. 16, nr 1, s. 112-129Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 68.
    Åkesson, Lisa
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Migration, mobility and transnational relations. Göteborgs universitet.
    Obstacles and openings: returnees and small-scale businesses in Cape Verde2015Inngår i: Africa's return migrants: the new developers? / [ed] Lisa Åkesson and Maria Eriksson Baaz, London ; Uppsala: Zed Books ; Nordiska Afrikainstutet , 2015, s. 152-172Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 69.
    Åkesson, Lisa
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Migration, mobility and transnational relations. Göteborgs universitet.
    Eriksson Baaz, MariaNordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation. Göteborgs universitet.
    Africa's return migrants: the new developers?2015Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Many African migrants residing abroad nurture a hope to one day return, at least temporarily, to their home country. In the wake of economic crises in the developed world, alongside rapid economic growth in parts of Africa, the impetus to 'return' is likely to increase. Such returnees are often portrayed as agents of development, bringing with them capital, knowledge and skills as well as connections and experience gained abroad. Yet, the reality is altogether more complex.

    In this much-needed volume, based on extensive original fieldwork, the authors reveal that there is all too often a gaping divide between abstract policy assumptions and migrants' actual practices. In contrast to the prevailing optimism of policies on migration and development, Africa's Return Migrants demonstrates that the capital obtained abroad is not always advantageous and that it can even hamper successful entrepreneurship and other forms of economic, political and social engagement.

  • 70.
    Åkesson, Lisa
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Migration, mobility and transnational relations. Göteborgs universitet.
    Eriksson Baaz, Maria
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation. Göteborgs universitet.
    Introduction: [Africa's return migrants]2015Inngår i: Africa's return migrants: the new developers? / [ed] Lisa Åkesson and Maria Eriksson Baaz, London ; Uppsala: Zed Books ; Nordiska Afrikainstutet , 2015, s. 1-22Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
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