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  • 51.
    Beckman, Björn
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Organising the farmers: cocoa politics and national development in Ghana1976Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The United Ghana Farmers' Council was the farmers' wing of the Convention People's Party, which, led by Kwame Nkrumah, gained independence for Ghana in 1957. The Farmers' Council was dissolved and banned in 1966, together with other CPP organisations, after a military coup had overthrown the Nkrumah government. This book is primarly about the Farmers' Council and its functions in the political and economic system established by the CPP.

  • 52. Benabdallah, Lina
    et al.
    Murillo-Zamora, Carlos
    Adetula, Victor
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit. University of Jos, Nigeria. .
    Global South Perspectives on International Relations Theory.2017Inngår i: International Relations Theory / [ed] Stephen McGlinchey, Rosie Walters , Christian Sc heinpthy, Bristol, England: E-International Relations Publishing , 2017, s. 125-130Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The Global South is generally understood to refer to less economically developed countries. It is a broad term that comprises a variety of states with diverse levels of economic, cultural, and political influence in the international order. Although International Relations is an interdisciplinary field of study, it has historically been studied from a very Eurocentric perspective that does not always help us to understand developments occurring in  the  Global  South. Understanding Global South perspectives starts with a discussion of the Western-centric focus of mainstream IR theories. It also recognises the challenges facing scholars from the Global South that might help to explain why Global South perspectives are largely absent from mainstream debates. The ultimate goal is to broaden the field of view within IR theory to incorporate a more just and representative understanding of international relations.The main weakness of mainstream Western IR theories is that they are not universally experienced as mainstream. The concepts they are based on do not unequivocally reflect or match the reality in many Global South states. Furthermore, certain questions that are central to Global South perspectives are absent or under-theorised in mainstream scholarship. Tickner (2016, 1) for example points out that issues of race and empire have been missing from mainstream theories despite the existence of solid scholarship in postcolonial and poststructuralist studies. Curiously, she adds, colonial dominations profoundly shaped the state of the current global order, yet they are not even remotely central to mainstream IR. Today, there is a growing body of scholarship that pays attention to the context of international relations theories in Africa, Asia and Latin America and to the diverse interpretations within these vast regions. Much of this scholarship has been produced under the umbrella term of ‘global IR’.

  • 53.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    A Wind of Change in Sudan: Opening the Public Sphere or Political Rhtoric?2013Annet (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 54.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Conclusion: From Deconstruction to Reconstruction2017Inngår i: State Building and National Identity Reconstruction in the Horn of Africa / [ed] Redie Bereketeab, Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan, 2017, s. 225-235Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 55.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Democracy or one-party system: political development in the Sudan after the 2015 election2015Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In June, Al-Bashir, Sudan's leader since 1989, was sworn in for another five years as president. Few if any experts had expected any other outcome of the 2015 election. But will the 71 year old ex-military leader, who is accused by the ICC of war crimes in Darfur, continue his initiatives for national dialogue and overcome the country's major economic and security hurdles?

  • 56.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Djibouti: Strategic Location, an Asset or a Curse2016Inngår i: Journal of African Foreign Affairs, ISSN 2056-564X, Vol. 3, nr 1&2, s. 5-18Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 57.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Eritrea’s refugee crisis and the role of the international community2016Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Five thousand refugees leave Eritrea each month according to UNHCR, making it one of the world’s fastest-emptying countries. In this policy note, Redie Bereketeab, researcher at the Nordic Africa Institute, analyses the role and responsibility of the international community in the Eritrean migration crisis.

  • 58.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Introduction: Challenges of State Building, State Reconstruction and National Identity Reconfiguration2017Inngår i: State Building and National Identity Reconstruction in the Horn of Africa / [ed] Redie Bereketeab, Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan, 2017, 1, s. 3-21Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 59.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Introduction: understanding national liberation movements2017Inngår i: National Liberation Movements as Governments in Africa, New York: Routledge, 2017, 1, s. 3-16Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 60.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Les Defis de la Construction del l'Etat au Sud-Soudan2013Inngår i: Afrique Contemporaine, ISSN 0002-0478, Vol. 246, s. 35-52Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 61.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    National Liberation Movements as Government in Africa2017Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 62.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Post-Liberation State Building in South Sudan: Potentials and Challenges2014Inngår i: Journal of African Foreign Affairs, ISSN 2056-564x, Vol. 1, nr 1, s. 25-60Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper seeks to examine the post-liberation state building endeavour in South Sudan. Two civil wars stretching over more than five decades in quest for self-determination resulted in the secession of South Sudan. A negotiated settlement formalised in the Comprehensive Peace Agreement signed between the ruling National Congress Party and Sudan people's Liberation Movement in 2005 offered South Sudan the possibility to determine it destiny through popular plebiscite. When the plebiscite took place in January 2011, south Sudanese voted overwhelmingly for secession. On 9 July 2011 South Sudan was declared sovereign state that paved the way for the arduous process of state building. The nascent state was however born into serious problems. This article seeks to analyse the problems and enablement the nascent state encounters.

  • 63.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Post-Secession State-Building and Reconstruction: Somaliland, Somalia, South Sudan and Sudan2013Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    State-building refers to the processes undertaken by new states, while reconstitution refers to the rearrangement of an existing state following either secession or collapse. Somaliland and South Sudan are involved in process of state-building, while Sudan and Somalia are engaged in state reconstitution. Three distinctive models of state-building are taking place in the four countries. This Policy Note analyses the interlinked yet distinct process of state building.

  • 64.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Problems of Transition to Civic Governance in Eritrea2017Inngår i: National Liberation Movements as Government in Africa, New York: Routledge, 2017, s. 158-171Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 65.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Re-examining Local Governance in Eritrea: The Redrawing of Administration Regions2012Inngår i: African and Asian Studies, ISSN 1569-2094, E-ISSN 1569-2108, Vol. 11, nr 1-2, s. 1-29Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 66.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Regional economic communities and peacebuilding: The IGAD Experience2019Inngår i: South African Journal of International Affairs, ISSN 1022-0461, E-ISSN 1938-0275, Vol. 26, nr 1, s. 137-156Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 67.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Revisiting The Eritrean National Liberation Movement, 1960-19612016Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 68.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Self-determination and secession: A 21st Century Challenge to the Post-colonial State in Africa2012Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Two approaches have characterised analysis of the postcolonial state in Africa. One emphasises the territorial integrity of the postcolonial state, with inherited colonial borders being viewed as sacrosanct and state-centred rights being given primacy. The other questions the sacrosanctity of colonial borders and seeks to promote the primacy of people-centred rights. The increasing frequency in recent years of quests for self-determination and secession in Africa poses an existential challenge to the postcolonial state on that continent. This Policy Note addresses this emerging trend.

  • 69.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Self-Determination and Secessionism in Somaliland and South Sudan: Challenges to Postcolonial State-building2012Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyses the notion of self-determination and secession by adopting acomparative perspective on two case studies, namely Somaliland and South Sudan. Somaliland declared its independence in 1991 following the collapse of the Somali state. Since then, Somaliland has been making relentless efforts to secure recognition from the international community. South Sudan successfully negotiated the right to exerciseself-determination, a right that was formalised in the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) signed between the ruling National Congress Party (NCP) and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM). The people of South Sudan held a referendum and voted overwhelmingly for secession, with formal independence being achieved on 9 July 2011. International law may better qualify Somaliland for statehood than South Sudan for three reasons: (i) it was created by colonialism, (ii) it has already been recognised, albeit only for a few days, as an independent state in 1960, and (iii) it has proven to be stable, functional and relatively democratic. Yet Somaliland has failed to achieve international recognition. This paper interrogates this discrepancy. It concludes that the existence of a partner ready to accept the right of self-determination, and geostrategic concerns about security as well a seconomic and political interests, determine international recognition.

  • 70.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    State Building and National Identity Reconstruction in the Horn of Africa2017Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 71.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    State Building and National Identity Reconstruction in the Horn of Africa2017Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 72.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    State Building-Peace Building Nexus: The Horn of Africa2015Inngår i: The Algerian Journal of Political Sciences and International Relations, ISSN 1111-2115, nr 4Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 73.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    State Crisis, Conflicts and International Intervention in the Horn of Africa2013Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 74.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    State-building, Conflict and Global War in the Horn of Africa2013Inngår i: Bondage of Boundaries and Identity Politics in Postcolonial Africa: The 'Northern Problem' and Ethno-Futures / [ed] Sabelo J. Ndlovu-Gatsheni & Brilliant Mhlanga, Pretoria: Africa Institute of South Africa (AISA), 2013, s. 61-78Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 75.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Supra-Ethnic Nationalism: The case of Eritrea2002Inngår i: African Sociological Review, ISSN 1027-4332, Vol. 6, nr 2, s. 137-152Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 76.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    The Collapse of IGAD Peace Mediation in the Current South Sudan Civil War: When National Interest Dictates Peace Mediation2017Inngår i: Journal of African Foreign Affairs, ISSN 2056-564X, Vol. 4, nr 1 & 2, s. 67-84Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 77.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Complex Roots of the Second Eritrea-Ethiopia War: Re-examining the Causes2010Inngår i: African Journal of International Affairs, ISSN 0850–7902, Vol. 13, nr 1-2, s. 15-59Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 78.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Eritrea-Ethiopia Conflict and the Algiers Agreement: Eritrea's road to isolation2009Inngår i: Eritrea's External Relations: Understanding its regional role and foreign policy / [ed] Richard Reid, London: Chatham House , 2009, 1, s. 98-130Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 79.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    The Ethiopia-Eritrea Rapprochement: Peace and Stability in the Horn of Africa2019Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This book examines the Ethiopia–Eritrea rapprochement and asks whether it might lead to peace and stability in the Horn of Africa. The Algiers Agreement (2000) that was mediated by the international community – the UN, OAU, EU and USA (the same parties that also served as witnesses and guarantors) – was supposed to be final and binding. But when the Eritrea–Ethiopia Boundary Commission (EEBC) published its verdict, Ethiopia rejected it on the grounds that it awarded Badme, the flashpoint of the war, to Eritrea. The witnesses and guarantors, abdicating their responsibility, failed to exert pressure on Ethiopia, which led to a situation of ‘no war, no peace’. This stalemate lasted for 16 years, until July 2018. The recent rapprochement is driven by internal dynamics, rather than by external mediation. This has fundamentally reshaped the relationship between the two countries. The impact of the resolution of the Ethiopia–Eritrea conflict goes beyond the borders of the two countries, and has indeed brought fundamental change to the region. Full diplomatic relations have been restored between Eritrea and Somalia; and the leaders of Eritrea and Djibouti have met in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. This all raises the issue of whether a peace deal driven by internal dynamics fares better than one that is externally mediated. The central question that this book attempts to address is: what factors led to the resolution of a festering conflict? The book explains and analyses the rapprochement, which it argues was made possible by the maturing of objective and subjective conditions in Ethiopia and by the trust factor in Eritrea.

  • 80.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Horn of Africa: Intra-State and Inter-State Conflicts and Security2013Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The Horn of Africa, comprising Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Sudan and Somalia, is the most conflict-ridden region in Africa. This book explores the origins and impact of these conflicts at both an intra-state and inter-state level and the insecurity they create. The contributors show how regional and international interventions have compounded pre-existing tensions and have been driven by competing national interests linked to Western intervention and acts of piracy off the coast of Somalia. This book outlines proposals for multidimensional mechanisms for conflict resolution in the region. Issues of border demarcation, democratic deficit, crises of nation and state building, and the roles of political actors and traditional authorities are all clearly analysed.

  • 81.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Horn of Africa: Intra-State and Inter-State Conflicts and Security2013 (oppl. 1)Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 82.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    The Intergovernmental Authority on Development: Internal Culture of Foreign Policymaking and Sources of Weaknesses2018Inngår i: African Foreign Policies in International Institutions / [ed] Jason Warner, Timothy M. Shaw, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2018, s. 113-125Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 83.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    The Interplay between National, Regional and International Dynamics in the Production of Conflicts in the Horn of Africa2016Inngår i: Journal of Oromo studies, ISSN 1070-2202, Vol. 22, nr 1, s. 53-73Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 84.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Morality of the U.N. Security Council Sanctions agaist Eritrea: Defensibility, Political Objectives, and Consequences2013Inngår i: African Studies Review, ISSN 0002-0206, E-ISSN 1555-2462, Vol. 56, nr 2, s. 145--161Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 85.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    The Role of the International Community in the Eritrean Refugee Crisis2017Inngår i: Geopolitics, History, and International Relations, ISSN 1948-9145, Vol. 9, nr 1, s. 68-82Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the role of the international community in the Eritrean refugee crisis. It critically analyses the international community's, as represented by UN, AU, EU and US, failure to fulfill its obligation. The UN, OAU, EU and US were witnesses and guarantors of the Algiers Agreement. As such, they assumed responsibility of making sure of the implementation of the Ethiopia-Eritrea Border Commission Verdict. The Algiers Agreement empowered the guarantors to invoke UN Chapter VII, if one or both of the parties violates its commitment. Fourteen years later the EEBC Verdict is awaiting implementation with immense consequence to Eritrea. Deriving from text analysis and drawing on previous research I argue in this article that the international community by failing to fulfill its legal obligation contributed to the current Eritrean refugee crisis. It is the contention of this article only the unconditional implementation of the boundary commission that brings peace and stability to the region that would stem the flow of the refugees.

  • 86.
    Bereketeab, Redie
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Why South Sudan conflict is proving intractable: Ugandan forces and lack of international commitment two reasons2015Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In December 2013 war broke out in South Sudan as a result of the power struggle between President Salva Kiir and the ex-vice president Riek Machar. Violence from both sides led to massacres and millions of displaced persons. Agreements to end hostilities have so far been violated. A sustainable peace calls for Ugandan forces to leave South Sudan. The political parties have to reform and be a part of national reconciliation instead of fighting one another.

  • 87.
    Beyene, Atakilte
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Adetula, Victor
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Ethiopia in the United Nations Security Council 2017-20182017Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Enforce the ‘African solutions to African problems’ principle in the UN and promote cooperation with the African Union and its regional communities. That is what Ethiopia should work for during its two-year term in the Security Council. To perform on this global stage, the Ethiopian government has to address its domestic democracy and governance issues.

  • 88.
    Bhagavan, Malur Ramanna
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Angola: prospects for socialist industrialisation1980Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 89.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Lanzano, Cristiano
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Agrarian Change, Property and Resources.
    Burkina Faso's one-week coup and its implications for free and fair elections2015Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In the upcoming elections in Burkina Faso, there’s a need for a clear democratic break with the three decades of de facto one-party rule. At the same time, a moderate approach is needed in dealing with the controversial legacy of the former regime, to avoid further polarisation in an already fraught political situation. These are the recommendations of Jesper Bjarnesen and Cristiano Lanzano, senior researchers at the Nordic Africa Institute, in a policy note on Burkina Faso’s one-week coup and its implications for free and fair elections.

  • 90.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Söderberg Kovacs, Mimmi
    Folke Bernadotteakademin.
    Violence in African elections2018Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The benefits of winning elections, and the disadvantages of losing them, must be reduced to avoid the violence that a winner-takes-all situation can trigger. Election observers should pay more attention to subtle forms of violence, intra-party tensions and incumbents playing the security card to justify increased use of force. This policy note considers how to curb the increase of violence in African elections.

  • 91.
    Bjelfvenstam, Bo
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Eritrea, tre resor: med Eritreas befrielsefront (EFL) 1969, 1974-1975 och 1977-19781978Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 92.
    Boafo-Arthur, Kwame
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Democracy and stability in west Africa:the Ghanaian experience2008Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 93.
    Boesen, Jannik
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Storgaard Madsen, Birgit
    Moody, Tony
    Ujamaa: socialism from above1977Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 94.
    Bongartz, Maria
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    The civil war in Somalia: its genesis and dynamics1991Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 95.
    Buur, Lars
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Jensen, SteffenStepputat, Finn
    The security-development nexus: expressions of sovereignty and securitization in Southern Africa2007Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The link between security and development has been rediscovered after 9/11 by a broad range of scholars. Focusing on Southern Africa, the Security-Development Nexus shows that the much debated linkage is by no means a recent invention. Rather, the security/development linkage has been an important element of the state policies of colonial as well as post-colonial regimes during the Cold War, and it seems to be prospering in new configurations under the present wave of democratic transitions. Contributors focus on a variety of contexts from South Africa, Mozambique and Namibia, to Zimbabwe and Democratic Congo; they explore the nexus and our understanding of security and development through the prism of peace-keeping interventions, community policing, human rights, gender, land contests, squatters, nation and state-building, social movements, DDR programmes and the different trajectories democratization has taken in different parts of the region.

  • 96.
    Buur, Lars
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Kyed, Helene Maria
    State recognition of traditional authority in Mozambique: the nexus of community representation and state assistance2005Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    How should the Mozambican traditional leaders' double role as community representatives and state assistants be captured? This discussion paper addresses some fundamental questions pertaining to the 2002 official recognition of traditional leaders as community authorities. After a brief history of the changing role of, and faith in, traditional authorities as a basis for understanding the importance of their recent official recognition, the paper outlines the key objectives of the Decree 15/2000 that officially recognises community authorities. Some of the key concepts underpinning the Decree are then critically assessed. It is argued that the double role that community authorities are expected to fulfil as both community-representatives and state-assistants is not equally balanced in the Decree: the scale tips heavily towards the state-assistance aspect. The reasons for this are explored in the context of a set of reified notions underpinning the Decree, such as its understanding of 'traditional rules' and the concept of 'community'. The paper concludes by pointing out some unintended con-sequences of these reified notions for kin-based forms of community authority and especially for the ideal of community participation.

  • 97.
    Byerley, Andrew
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    Monumental politics in Namibia2011Inngår i: Annual Report : 2010: The rise of africa: miracle or mirage?, ISSN 1104-5256, Vol. 2010, s. 36-37Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 98.
    Bøås, Morten
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    African Conflicts and Conflicts Drivers: Uganda, Congo and the Mano River2008Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 99.
    Bøås, Morten
    Norwegian Institute of International Affairs, Oslo, Norway.
    Rival priorities in the Sahel: finding the balance between security and development2018Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The G5 Sahel initiative goes some way to make up for the lack of supranational coordination in the troubled Sahel region. If moulded in the interests of development, it could bring about positive change. But the initiative risks becoming yet another excuse to get more ‘boots on the ground’, if external stakeholders place too much emphasis on fighting terror and stopping migration.

  • 100.
    Bøås, Morten
    et al.
    Fafo, Oslo, Norway.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Tuaregian kapina2013Inngår i: Ulkopolitiikka, nr 2, s. 56-59Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
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