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  • 51.
    Loftsdóttir, Kristín
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    The bush is sweet: identity, power and development among WoDaaBe Fulani in Niger2008 (uppl. 1)Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In this book Kristín Loftsdóttir gives the reader a highly personal insight into the lives of the Wodaabe nomads of Niger, who are striving to make a living between the bush and the city. Spending nearly two years as a Wodaabe, within a Wodaabe extended family and alternating between the nomadic setting of the bush and the urbanised life-style of the capital, Niamey, she was in a unique position to observe the effects that increasing urbanisation and globalisation, together with the modern tourist industry’s preconceptions and demands, have had on the identity and power relations of the Wodaabe. Interwoven with the abstract scientific observations are the more personal reflections and analyses of a young white woman on living within, and sharing all aspects of, the everyday lives of the Wodaabe with the broad spectrum of reactions which this entails. These sensitively written and honest descriptions, including details of what the author at times experiences as her own shortcomings within her project, give a most interesting dimension to the work not always found in social science studies which means that this book should appeal to a wider readership than might initially be expected.

  • 52.
    Lundström, Karl Johan
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    North-eastern Ethiopia: society in famine1976Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 53.
    Malmström, Maria Frederika
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Egypt in Motion2014Övrigt (Refereegranskat)
  • 54.
    Malmström, Maria Frederika
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Feature Preview: The Sound of Silence2014Ingår i: Anthropology NowArtikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 55.
    Malmström, Maria Frederika
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Gender, agency, and embodiment theories in relation to space in Gender, cities and local governance2011Ingår i: Gouvernance locale dans le monde arabe et en Méditerranée : Quels rôles pour les femmes ?: Local Governance in the Arab world and the Mediterranean: What roles for women? / [ed] Sylvette Denèfle & Safaa Monqid, Cairo: Centre d’Études et de Documentation Économiques, Juridiques et Sociales (CEDEJ) , 2011Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Why (and how) is it important to query into the particular lived experiences and ‘embodied agency’ of women if we want to study urban spaces through the lens of gender?  This paper discusses this overarching question in relation to recent dynamic and generative theories of gender, embodiment and agency.  This theoretical framework connects subjects’ identities to dominant discourses and social structures with the help of lived experiences.  This is particularly fruitful because it makes it possible to analyse agents within a context of social, cultural and political change.  It also means the possibility to grasp women’s narratives and body language as they engage in acts of resistance, as well as the marking of body and space.  The actions of ‘the secret self’ among younger generations, for example, give increased space and have manipulative potential as long as these ‘morally forbidden’ and dishonourable acts are not brought out into the public sphere.  This approach is relevant since it is possible to analyse the singularity of experience, not only as a form of social interaction, but as linked to social structures and discourses, which implies negotiations of tensions, conflicts and uncertainties.  The need to understand agency as the capacity to act according to the exigencies of the specific socio-cultural forms the main premise of this paper; where each context comprises the complex interaction between the local and a variety of wider global forces.  My approach is to combine experience with representation through phenomenology and ethnography.  I use experience near ethnography that begins with women’s own practices and attends to how they understand themselves, how their bodies are involved in this process and how they live out norms and ideologies in their everyday lives.  Thereby we are able to understand how women’s realities and identities are interpreted, negotiated and constructed, and how the body actively is involved in these processes.

  • 56.
    Malmström, Maria Frederika
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Just like couscous: Gender, agency and the politics of female circumcision in Cairo2009Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation explores how female gender identity is continually created and re-created in Egypt through a number of daily practices, of which female circumcision is central. In order to do so, the study inquires into the lived experiences and social meanings of female circumcision and femininity as narrated by women from lower class neighbourhoods in Cairo. The study seeks to understand how the experiences of femininity and female circumcision are shaped and challenged by the social and political changes that impinge on these women’s lives.

    Female circumcision has become a global political minefield with ‘Western’ interventions affecting Egyptian politics and social development, not least in the area of democracy and human rights. The global human rights discourse brings about change by portraying female circumcision as mutilation. These discourses and other political and social changes both in Egypt and elsewhere, such as modernization, the aftermath of 9/11 and regional instability have together begun to dis-embed female circumcision from its socio-cultural context. This thesis focuses upon the way in which these women understand and respond to these complex changes and it looks particularly at how different actors, in their construction of female identity, contest, resist, subvert or embrace female circumcision.

    The study explores how the subject is made through the interplay of global hegemonic structures of power and the most intimate sphere, which has been exposed in the international arena. The need to understand agency as the capacity to act according to the exigencies of the specific sociocultural forms the main premise of this dissertation; the Egyptian context comprises the complex interaction between the local and a variety of wider global forces.

  • 57.
    Malmström, Maria Frederika
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Möte med det främmande – Kvinnlig könsstympning1999Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Fokus i denna målgruppsanalys är lärares, förskollärares och fritidspedagogers kunskap, handlingsförfarande och förhållningssätt avseende kvinnlig könsstympning. Syftet är att finna metoder för att stödja dessa personalgrupper samt möjliggöra en utveckling av en handlingsplan.

    Studien har utförts på två skolor i en multietnisk förort i Göteborg, varav en skola är ett lågstadium och den andra ett mellan- och högstadium. Jag har i studien arbetat utifrån ett socialantropologiskt perspektiv och med kvalitativ metod. Det empiriska materialet har tillgodosetts genom intervjuer samt observationer. Specifikt för dessa skolor är att de har en hög grad av omsättning av resurspersonal[1]och vissa tjänster är eller har varit vakanta under längre tid. Vidare är förtroendet, på en av skolorna, för den befintliga skolledningen av bristande karaktär.

    Studien visar framför allt att skolpersonalen har en mycket begränsad kunskap om kvinnlig könsstympning. I stort sett finns ingen vetskap om skolpersonalens skyldighet i denna fråga. De har heller inte i dagsläget ett klart och övergripande handlingsförfarande, bland annat för att kunskapsbehovet gällande kvinnlig könsstympning inte alls har uppmärksammats, trots att två av deltagarna upplevt stark misstanke om kvinnlig könsstympning.

    Konklusionerna är, då all skolpersonal i Sverige har anmälningsplikt vad gäller misstanke och vetskap om kvinnlig könsstympning, att en särskild satsning bör göras av skolverket, vad gäller invandrartäta skolor, som har elever som ursprungligen kommer från områden som praktiserar seden. En utbildning om kvinnlig könsstympning bör erbjudas all skolpersonal och rutiner för varje skola utarbetas. Det är lämpligt att utbildningens perspektiv är holistiskt - sociala, medicinska, kulturella aspekter ingår därmed, vilket bland annat innebär reflektioner i relation till sedvänjan. En kontextuell kunskap om kvinnlig könsstympning är av yttersta vikt, för att skolpersonalen ska lära känna de människor som praktiserar sedvänjan, samt nå en förståelse för varför denna sed brukas. Detta är grundläggande för att en bearbetning och förståelse av kvinnlig könsstympning ska vara möjlig och för att kunna nå ett etiskt handlingsförfarande.

    En fokusering på resurspersoner: skolsköterska, kurator, psykolog, läkare, specialpedagog och rektor är viktig, då dessa personer bör inneha rollen som nyckelpersoner, vad gäller expertis och stöd i relation till kvinnlig könsstympning. Resurspersonalen kan verka både som ett känslomässigt och professionellt stöd för elever och övrig skolpersonal. Studien påvisar att det är angeläget att resurspersoner i skolan har kompetens om kvinnlig könsstympning och finns till förfogande i stödjande och kunskapsgivande syfte, att skolledningen fungerar i sin funktion, samt att dialoger och diskussioner förs mellan minoritets- och majoritetssamhället, inom olika arenor i det svenska samhället.

    Slutligen är det viktigt i ett varaktigt förändringsarbete mot kvinnlig könsstympning, såväl i skolan som i övriga samhället, att det i arbetet finns representanter för berörda folkgrupper på alla nivåer. Det är viktigt att människor själva får tillfälle att reflektera över seden, och på sikt söka finna alternativ för den mening som går förlorad när bruket av denna sed upphör samt erhålla för dem giltiga skäl för ett upphörande av sedvänjan.

    [1] Jag använder i arbetet begreppet resurspersonal, vilket inkluderar skolsjuksköterska, skolläkare, kurator, psykolog, specialpedagog och rektor.

  • 58.
    Malmström, Maria Frederika
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Möte med det främmande – Kvinnlig könsstympning: Lärares, förskollärares och fritidspedagogers kunskap, handlingsförfarande och förhållningssätt avseende kvinnlig könsstympning1999Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 59.
    Malmström, Maria Frederika
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    "Omskärelse är sött". Mat, kropp och kvinnlig omskärelse i Kairo2004Ingår i: Hälsa, vård och helande - antropologiska perspektiv, Vol. 81, nr 6, s. 512-19Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikeln diskuterar varför mat, framför allt mjuk, len och söt mat, bland arbetarklassen (baladi) i Kairo, har en sådan oerhörd symbolisk laddning och vidare dess täta relation till genus, kropp och kvinnlig omskärelse. Genom dagligt tal om mat och genom beredning av mat lär sig flickorna hur en ideal kvinnokropp skall se ut, hur de skall vara och vad som förväntas av dem rörande moraliskt uppförande. Kvinnlig omskärelse ingår som en naturlig och självklar del i skapandet av kvinnlighet, och när kvinnorna underförstått talar om kvinnlig omskärelse i vardagen nöts det rätta sättet att vara kvinna på kontinuerligt in.

  • 60.
    Malmström, Maria Frederika
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    "Omskärelse är sött". Mat, kropp och kvinnlig omskärelse i Kairo2004Ingår i: Hälsa, vård och helande - antropologiska perspektiv. , Göteborg: Socialmedicinsk tidskrift , 2004, 81 (6), s. 512-519Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikeln diskuterar varför mat, framför allt mjuk, len och söt mat, bland arbetarklassen i Kairo, har en sådan oerhörd symbolisk laddning och vidare dess täta relation till genus, kropp och kvinnlig omskärelse. Genom dagligt tal om mat och genom beredning av mat lär sig flickorna hur en ideal kvinnokropp skall se ut, hur de skall vara och vad som förväntas av dem rörande moraliskt uppförande. Kvinnlig omskärelse ingår som en naturlig och självklar del i skapandet av kvinnlighet, och när kvinnorna underförstått talar om kvinnlig omskärelse i vardagen nöts det rätta sättet att vara kvinna på kontinuerligt in.

     

     

  • 61.
    Malmström, Maria Frederika
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation. Tisch School of the Arts, New York University, USA.
    Porous masculinities: agential political bodies among male Hamas youth2015Ingår i: Etnográfica, ISSN 0873-6561, E-ISSN 2182-2891, Vol. 19, nr 2, s. 301-322Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Constructions of gender, embodiment and agency among male Hamas youths in the West Bank are discussed in this article through the prism of violence. It focuses on the constructions of uncertain masculinities in a complex interplay of violence, political Islam, suffering and loss, and the importance of analyzing the body in such processes – both as agential and as victimized – is highlighted. To be able to move away from the sensationalist Western media that often portray Middle Eastern Muslim men as “violent,” and as terrorists, we need to understand the motivations and the meanings of violence. The method of analysis is to use a discourse-centered approach and to use experience-near ethnography that begins with men’s own practices and attends to how they understand themselves, how their bodies are involved, and how they live out norms and ideologies in their everyday lives. Thereby we are able to understand how men’s realities and identities are interpreted, negotiated and constructed and how the body is actively involved in these processes. This approach is relevant since it is possible to analyze the singularity of experience, not only as a form of social interaction, but as linked to social structures and discourses, which implies negotiations of tensions, conflicts, and uncertainties.

  • 62.
    Malmström, Maria Frederika
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation. New York University, Department of Anthropology.
    The Continuous Making of Pure Womanhood among Muslim Women in Cairo: Cooking, Depilating, and Circumcising2015Ingår i: Gender and sexuality in Muslim cultures / [ed] Gul Ozyegin, Farnham, Surrey: Ashgate, 2015, s. 139-161Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 63.
    Malmström, Maria Frederika
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    The Sound of Silence in Cairo: Affect, Politics and Belonging2014Ingår i: Anthropology Now, ISSN 1942-8200, Vol. 6, nr 2, s. 23-34Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 64.
    Malmström, Maria Frederika
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Hellstrand, Anna
    Imagining the New Egypt: Agential Egyptian Activism/Feminism, Translation, and Movement2014Ingår i: Middle East: Conflicts & Reforms / [ed] Mohammed M. Aman and Mary Jo Aman, Washington DC: Westphalia Press , 2014, s. 257-274Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 65.
    Malmström, Maria Frederika
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Kapchan, Deborah
    The Materiality of Affect in North Africa: Politics in Flux2015Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 66.
    Malmström, Maria Frederika
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation. New York University, Department of Anthropology.
    Raemdonck, An van
    "The Clitoris is in the Head!": Female Circumcision and the Making of a Harmful Cultural Practice in Egypt2015Ingår i: Interrogating Harmful Cultural Practices: Gender, Culture and Coercion / [ed] Chia Longman and Tamsin Bradley, Farnham, Surrey, England ; Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2015, s. 121-138Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 67.
    Malmström, Maria Frederika
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation. New York University, Department of Anthropology.
    Zangana, Goran A. Sabir
    Barton, Faith
    In conversation on female genital cutting2015Ingår i: Gender and sexuality in Muslim cultures / [ed] Gul Ozyegin, Farnham, Surrey: Ashgate, 2015, s. 167-179Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 68.
    Manger, Leif O.
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Assal, Munzoul A. M.
    Diasporas within and without Africa: dynamism, heterogeneity, variation2006Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The book deals with two types of “African diasporas”, the first of which originated in the migration histories of the Indian Ocean and brought new groups into Africa. This is illustrated by case studies of Hadrami communities in Sudan and Zanzibar, and the Malay community in Cape Town, that produced trade links as well as processes of Islamization. The second type originated with the failing African states and cases discussed are an Eritrean diaspora in Germany, alongside Sudanese diasporas in Norway and the USA, and a Somali diaspora in Norway. The papers deal with processes of homemaking, political mobilization in the diaspora through local organisations, religious networks and cyberspace nationalism. The central conceptual argument is that “diaspora” is not only a post-modern reaction to the xenophobia of Western nation states but must be seen as part of a broader history of human migration and intercultural experience. This calls for a perspective which takes into consideration historically produced variation and dynamism.

  • 69. Manger, Leif O.
    et al.
    Bovin, MetteNordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Adaptive strategies in African arid lands: proceedings from a seminar at the Scandinavian Institute of African Studies, Uppsala, Sweden, April 19891990Proceedings (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Adaptive strategies cannot be fully understood on the basis of environmental constraints alone. The essays presented in this book confirm this and provide material showing how environmental and socio-political processes interact in the making of adaption.

    The essays eludiate how manifestations of adaptability problems differ from region to region. such variations depend on the natural environment as well as the particular histories of development, socio-economic characteristics and the nature of the state.

    This collection of essays try to provide som answers to the problems emanating from different types of variation, and how they affect processes of adaption and change in African arid land.

  • 70.
    Manghezi, Alpheus
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Class, elite, and community in African development1976Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper covers the independent states of tropical Africa (South of the Sahara). Its main focus is on the ex-British colonies. It attempts to deal with a variety of concepts and themes of differing degrees of complexities: these inlude notions of colonialism and imperialist penetration, the process of decolonozation, social and class formations, class and class struggle, élite, and social and political mobilization.

  • 71.
    Monsted, Mette
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Walji, Parveen
    A demographic analysis of East Africa: a sociological interpretation1978Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This book grew out of the frustrations of teaching demography in East Africa on the basis of the very technical and Western approach to the discipline, which has limited value for the African data and perspectives. One of the purposes of this book is to tie the analysis of demographic data to a sociological framework. The other main purpose is to produce a textbook in demography which analyses East African demographic data within a sociological framework.

  • 72.
    Myers, Garth Andrew
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    Seven Themes in African Urban Dynamics2010Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The growth of cities is one of the most significant aspects of the contemporary transformation of African societies. Cities in Africa are the sites of major political, economic and social innovation, and thus play a critical role in national politics, domestic economic growth and social development. They are also key platforms for interaction with the wider world and mediate between global and national contexts. Cities are variously positioned in global flows of resources, goods and ideas, and are shaped by varied historical trajectories and local cultures. The result is a great diversity of urban societies across the continent. Cities in Africa are not only growing rapidly but are also undergoing deep political, economic and social trans-formation. They are changing in ways that defy usual notions of urbanism. In their dazzling complexity, they challenge most theories of the urban. African cities represent major challenges as well as opportunities. Both need to be understood and addressed if a sustainable urban future is to be achieved on the continent. The Urban Cluster of the Nordic Africa Institute, through its research, seeks to contribute to an understanding of processes of urban change in Africa. This discussion paper by Professor Garth Myers, commissioned by the Urban Cluster, is a valuable contribution to shaping the research agenda on urban Africa.

  • 73.
    Myhre, Knut Christian
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Agrarian Change, Property and Resources.
    African marriage practices and the global financial crisis2009Ingår i: Annual Report / Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, ISSN 1104-5256, Vol. 2008, s. 10-11Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 74.
    Myhre, Knut Christian
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Agrarian Change, Property and Resources.
    Disease and disruption: Chagga witchcraft and relational fragility2009Ingår i: Dealing with uncertainty in contemporary African lives / [ed] Haram, Liv & Bawa Yamba, C., Uppsala: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet , 2009, 1, s. 118-140Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 75.
    Myhre, Knut Christian
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Agrarian Change, Property and Resources.
    Om ritualer og sosiale relasjoner.: Refleksjoner rundt et kraftfullt bytte2007Ingår i: Norsk Antropologisk Tidsskrift, ISSN 0802-7285, E-ISSN 1504-2898, Vol. 18, nr 3-4, s. 253-265Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The article describes a bridewealth prestation amongthe Chagga-speaking people of Tanzania. Departingfrom approaches that rely on the notion of reciprocity,the author explores how the prestation per se constitutes,rather than represents, the relationship betweenwife-givers and wife-receivers. By investigating themateriality of the exchanged object, the relationships itforms part of are laid bare, and it is argued that theobject forms part of a reproductive network wherepersons, things and social relationships are mutuallyconstituted. Against this background, materiality andsociality, things and meanings, reality and representation,are interrelated and the problems raised by thenotion of reciprocity are transcended.

  • 76. Ntukula, Mary
    et al.
    Liljeström, RitaNordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Umleavyo: the dilemma of parenting2004Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Societies and families are changing all over the world. Less of what the older generations transmit of their experiences can be replicated by the younger generations in their own lives. What we are witnessing is a type of cultural delinking from past generations. Parents despair when their good intentions fail to have an effect and feel overwhelmed by circumstances they cannot control.The Reproductive Health Study Group linked to the University of Dar es Salaam published the first set of studies, Chelewa, Chelewa: The Dilemma of Teenage Girls, in 1994. The focus was on the teenage girl and the various reactions of the adult world to teenage out-of-wedlock pregnancies. The next set of studies, Haraka, Haraka: Look Before you Leap, appeared in 1998 and looked at the erosion of the customs that had regulated marriage, parenthood, and intergenerational obligations.This third and final report, Umleavyo: The Dilemma of Parenting, comprises studies on the generation gap and the ways in which this gap has widened over the past century. In these studies, the past serves as the seemingly stable background on which to project currently fluid and ambiguous parent-child relationships. The main focus of the studies is the different methods of, and goals for, bringing up the next generation. These include physical punishment; achieving compliance through fear and reference to supernatural forces; initiation ceremonies that provide multiple precautions and timely instruction on marriage and procreation; emphasis on relations between people as the most crucial experiences; and encouraging a sense of personal responsibility.The volume is based on the narratives of the grandparents, parents, and youths in the villages of the Pare people in the north and of the initiation leaders in Songea in the south, and on a comparison of the opinions of Nyakyusa elders and youths on gender issues. The central questions raised in the book are: How should one-support youths for whom there is no clear passage to full adulthood? And, how can one forge links between the plight of families and issues of citizenship and public action?

  • 77.
    Ocholla-Ayayo, Andrev B. C.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Traditional ideology and ethics among the southern Luo1976Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 78.
    Poluha, Eva
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    The power of continuity: Ethiopia through the eyes of its children2004Bok (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Children play a vital role as a source of information on politics but have been neglected as political actors in research contexts. In this study, children are used as a window to an Ethiopian society where hierarchical relations persist, despite the numerous political and administrative transformations of the past century. With data gathered through participant observation the book examines how young, Addis Abeba school children learn to adapt to and reproduce relations of super- and/or subordination based on gender, age, strength and social position. The children’s experiences are viewed in the historical context of state-citizen relations where hierarchy and obsession with control have been and continue to be dominant. The discussion focuses on the power of continuity in the reproduction of cultural patterns and political behaviour, and on how change towards more egalitarian relations could come about.

     

  • 79. Rwebangira, Magdalena K.
    et al.
    Liljeström, RitaNordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Haraka, haraka-: look before you leap1998Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    A compilation of nine studies from the Reproductive Health Study Group at the University of Dar es Salaam. They highlight the erosion of customary institutions that regulate procreation and express the meaning of gender and marriage. They show the failure of modern education to prepare the young for gendered adulthood. A central tenet of the work is that without an understanding of the dynamics of local customs and attitudes as well as their significance to the people who hold them, change initiated from without becomes ineffective and unsustainable.

  • 80.
    Saugestad, Sidsel
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    The inconvenient indigenous: remote area development in Botswana, donor assistance, and the first people of the Kalahari2001Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The book deals with the relationship between the government of Botswana and its indigenous minority, known as Bushmen, San, Basarwa, or more recently N/oakwe, and tries to understand why the San people remain a marginalised minority in a country that since Independence in 1966 has committed itself to a democratic and non-racial agenda. The use of the concept 'indigenous' is controversial in Botswana and in the rest of Africa, and the book asks thought-provoking questions about the responsibility of the state, the role of the international community and the need for representative organisations. While there have been dozens of books published on the ethnography of the San, this is the first book that places them in the comparative context of indigenous peoples' struggle for recognition. An in-depth documentation and analysis is given of a series of events in 1992 and 1993 that were crucial in establishing San indigenous organisations and identities, and the emergent San organisations are followed from the communities in Kalahari to international meetings in Geneva.

  • 81.
    Silberschmidt, Margrethe
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    "Women forget that men are the masters": gender antagonism and socio-economic change in Kisii District, Kenya1999Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    A study about conflicts between men and women in contemporary Kiskii, Kenya. The author argues that male identity, sense of worth and prestige have been more deeply affected by socio-economic change than that of female identity. Feminists, in particular, will find this study deeply provocative but a good read.

  • 82.
    Simone, AbdouMaliq
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    The Social Infrastructures of City Life in Contemporary Africa2010Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The growth of cities is one of the most significant aspects of the contemporary transformation of African societies. Cities in Africa are the sites of major political, economic and social innovation, and thus play a critical role in national politics, domestic economic growth and social development. They are also key platforms for interaction with the wider world and mediate between global and national contexts. Cities are variously positioned in global flows of resources, goods and ideas, and are shaped by varied historical trajectories and local cultures. The result is a great diversity of urban societies across the continent. Cities in Africa are not only growing rapidly but are also undergoing deep political, economic and social transformation. They are changing in ways that defy usual notions of urbanism. In their dazzling complexity, they challenge most theories of the urban. African cities represent major challenges as well as opportunities. Both need to be understood and addressed if a sustainable urban future is to be achieved on the continent. The Urban Cluster of the Nordic Africa Institute, through its research, seeks to contribute to an understanding of processes of urban change in Africa. This discussion paper by Professor AbdouMaliq Simone, commissioned by the Urban Cluster, is a valuable contribution to shaping the research agenda on urban Africa.

  • 83.
    Swantz, Marja-Liisa
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Ritual and symbol in transitional Zaramo society with special reference to women1986 (uppl. 2)Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    ...a learned, thoroughly researched thesis, yet, with a practical intention and message. ... As a researcher the author has lived for many years among the Zaramo people, with a dedicated intention to identify with their life, and this alone has made it possible to observe and interpret their symbolic life to the extent found here. (Bengt Sundkler in his foreword to the second edition.)

  • 84.
    Tanner, Ralph E. S.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    The witch murders in Sukumaland: a sociological commentary1970Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 85.
    Teppo, Annika
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    Church rules?: The lines of ordentlikheid among Stellenbosch Afrikaners2015Ingår i: Anthropology Southern Africa, ISSN 2332-3256, Vol. 38, nr 3-4, s. 314-330Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 86.
    Teppo, Annika
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    Moral communities in African cities2015Ingår i: Anthropology Southern Africa, ISSN 2332-3256, Vol. 38, nr 3-4, s. 284-289Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 87.
    Therborn, Göran
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    African families in a global context2006Rapport (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    The family is one of the most important institutions of African societies. Where is it going today? How is it affected by global processes, cultural and political as well as economic? How does it compare with family developments in other parts of the world? These are questions, which this report addresses. It deals with – the African family in a comparative global context, focusing on patriarchy, sexuality and marriage, and fertility;– biological and social reproduction in Ghana under conditions of globalization and structural adjustment;– Nigerian marriage relations under the impact of current conditions;– family changes in the North (Britain) viewed from and compared with a family perspective from the South (South Africa).

  • 88.
    Thorsen, Dorte
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Hashim, Iman
    Child Migration in Africa2011Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Child Migration in Africa explores the mobility of children without their parents within West Africa. Drawing on the experiences of children from rural Burkina Faso and Ghana, the book provides rich material on the circumstances of children's voluntary migration and their experiences of it. Their accounts challenge the normative ideals of what a 'good' childhood is, which often underlie public debates about children's migration, education and work in developing countries.

    The comparative study of Burkina Faso and Ghana highlights that social networks operate in ways that can be both enabling and constraining for young migrants, as can cultural views on age- and gender-appropriate behaviour. The book questions easily made assumptions regarding children's experiences when migrating independently of their parents and, by drawing parallels with children's migration in Latin America and Asia, contributes to analytical and cross-cultural understandings of childhood.

    Part of the groundbreaking Africa Now series, Child Migration in Africa is an important and timely contribution to an under-researched area.

  • 89.
    Thorsen, Dorte
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Hashim, Iman
    Contexts of migration2011Ingår i: Child Migration in Africa, London; Uppsala: Zed Books; Nordiska Afrikainstitutet , 2011, s. 20-41Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Child Migration in Africa explores the mobility of children without their parents within West Africa. Drawing on the experiences of children from rural Burkina Faso and Ghana, the book provides rich material on the circumstances of children's voluntary migration and their experiences of it. Their accounts challenge the normative ideals of what a 'good' childhood is, which often underlie public debates about children's migration, education and work in developing countries.

    The comparative study of Burkina Faso and Ghana highlights that social networks operate in ways that can be both enabling and constraining for young migrants, as can cultural views on age- and gender-appropriate behaviour. The book questions easily made assumptions regarding children's experiences when migrating independently of their parents and, by drawing parallels with children's migration in Latin America and Asia, contributes to analytical and cross-cultural understandings of childhood.

    Part of the groundbreaking Africa Now series, Child Migration in Africa is an important and timely contribution to an under-researched area.

  • 90.
    Tobisson, Eva
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Agrarian Change, Property and Resources.
    Notions of Poverty and Wealth in Coastal Zanzibar: The Policy Relevance of Local Perspectives2009Ingår i: Ethnographic Practice and Public Aid: Methods and Meanings in Development Cooperation / [ed] Sten Hagberg & Charlotta Widmark, Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis , 2009, s. 125-159Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 91.
    Trovalla, Eric
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    Trovalla, Ulrika
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    Infrastructure as a divination tool: Whispers from the grids in a Nigerian city2015Ingår i: City, ISSN 1360-4813, E-ISSN 1470-3629, Vol. 19, nr 2-3, s. 332-343Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In the Nigerian city of Jos, everyday life is shaped by interlacing rhythms of disconnection and reconnection. Petrol, electricity, water, etc., come and go, and in order to gain access inhabitants constantly try to discern the logics behind these fluctuations. However, the unpredictable infrastructure also becomes a system of signs through which residents try to understand issues beyond those immediately at hand. Signals, pipes, wires and roads link individuals to larger wholes, and the character of these connections informs and transforms experiences of the social world. Not only an object, but also a means of divination, infrastructure is a harbinger of truths about elusive and mutable social entities?neighbourhoods, cities, nations and beyond. Through the materiality of infrastructure, its flows and glitches carefully read by the inhabitants, an increasingly disjointed city emerges. Through new experiences of differentiated modes of connectedness?of no longer sharing the same roads, pipes, electricity lines, etc.?narratives are formed around lost common trajectories. By focusing on how wires, pipes and roads are turned into a divination system?how the inhabitants of Jos try to divine the city's infrastructure and possible ways forward, as well as how they try, through the infrastructure, to predict a city, a nation and a world beyond?this paper strives to find ways to grasp a thickness of urban becomings?a cityness on the move according to its own unique logic.

  • 92.
    Trovalla, Ulrika
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    Competing prayers: the making of a Nigerian urban landscape2015Ingår i: Anthropology Southern Africa, ISSN 2332-3256, Vol. 38, nr 3-4, s. 302-313Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 93.
    Trovalla, Ulrika
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    Haunted by Absent Others: Movements of Evil in a Nigerian City2015Ingår i: Encountering Evil: Anthropology in Everyday Africa / [ed] William C. Olsen & Walter E.A. van Beek, Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2015, s. 175-194Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 94.
    Trovalla, Ulrika
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    Trovalla, Eric
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    Infrastructure turned suprastructure: unpredictable materialities and visions of a Nigerian nation2015Ingår i: Journal of material culture, ISSN 1359-1835, E-ISSN 1460-3586, Vol. 20, nr 1, s. 43-57Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    There are signs hidden in the infrastructure. In the Nigerian city of Jos, the unpredictable availability of power, fuel, water, etc. becomes a vehicle of meaning. In many settings across the globe, infrastructure is often made invisible, and the centre stage that it takes in everyday life remains unrecognized. In Jos, however, as in many African cities, the constant need to predict its flows contradicts the prefix infra (below); rather than being hidden beneath the realm of experience it is brought to the surface as a puzzle to be figured out. These explorations in turn come to reveal matters beyond the infrastructure itself. Just as diviners infer the state of the world from the stones they have thrown, reading significance out of the seeming randomness of matter, the infrastructure turns intricate questions into tangible clues. It becomes a suprastructure - a divination tool giving clues about the past, present and future of the Nigerian nation.

  • 95.
    Udelsmann Rodrigues, Cristina
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    No walk in the park: Transboundary cooperation in the Angolan war-torn Okavango2017Ingår i: Environmental Practice, ISSN 1466-0466, Vol. 19, nr 1, s. 4-15Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The Okavango region is currently part of a transboundary project extending to three neighboringcountries—Angola, Namibia, and Botswana. This article discusses the unequal trajectory and presentconditions for such cross-border cooperation, with a particular focus on Angola. Angola’s disadvantageousposition is above all due to the lasting effects of war that adversely hindered the developmentof structures and resources to engage in such joint programs. The central argument is that theinequalities pose particular challenges to the country to accompany the pace of the neighboringcountries. The article looks at the fragilities focusing on institutional resources, Angolan policy background,existing dedicated institutions, and human resources, as they are major concerns for post-warreconstruction. On the other hand, it poses questions regarding resilience effects on local levellivelihoods and on the future environmental management of the Okavango. This article is based ona literature and documental review and on data from fieldwork where local communities have to relymore heavily on the available natural resources in absence of others.

  • 96.
    Udelsmann Rodrigues, Cristina
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    The Kwanhama partitioned by the border and the Angolan perspective of cross-border identity2017Ingår i: African Studies, ISSN 0002-0184, E-ISSN 1469-2872, Vol. 76, nr 3, s. 423-443Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The Kwanhama, whose ancient kingdom occupies a vast area in Angola and in Namibia, are one of the African cases of people partitioned by the establishment of colonial borders. This division, along with the profound transformations of the last decades in the region – war, displacement and conditioned circulation – shaped the way a common identity has acquired different features in both countries. In the (under-researched) Angolan side, cross-border identity has progressively concentrated on the idea of a split between the two countries, as the Kwanhama king, Mandume, is believed to be buried on both sides of the border; and at the same time on the notion of a common belonging across the border. Based on data collected through fieldwork interviews in the Cunene province in Angola, this article adds to the discussion of the apparently ambiguous ideas of partitioned and shared notions of belonging.

  • 97.
    Udelsmann Rodrigues, Cristina
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    The Portuguesinhos: Experiences of Return and Reintegration of Angolan Police Commissioned Officers Who Studied in Portugal2016Ingår i: Journal of Global Initiatives: Policy, Pedagogy, Perspective, ISSN 1930-3009, Vol. 11, nr 1, s. 77-98, artikel-id 9Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyses individual pathways of Angolan commissioned officers educated in Portugal, focusing specifically on their return to their country of origin and on the features of their reintegration into professional life. It aims at contributing to the discussion of mobility and migration, discussing issues of qualification and circulation of ‘brains’ between developed and developing countries. The analysis is based on quantitative and qualitative data obtained by conducting field research. It calls for the elaboration of strategies to deal simultaneously with the individual, the organisational and the societal conditions and consequently provides an important viewpoint of the processes of transformation of the Angolan society and institutions.

  • 98.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation. Uppsala universitet, Kulturantropologiska avdelningen.
    Martine Guichard, Tilo Grätz and Youssouf Diallo (eds.). Friendship, decent and lliance in Africa.2015Ingår i: The Australasian review of African studies, Vol. 36, nr 1, s. 135-136Artikel, recension (Refereegranskat)
  • 99.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    “Playing the game”: gang-militia logics in war-torn Sierra Leone2014Ingår i: Global Gangs: Street violence across the world / [ed] Hazen, J.M. and Rodgers, D., Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2014, s. 171-192Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 100.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation. Uppsala universitet, Kulturantropologiska avdelningen.
    Sharon Alane Abramowitz. Searching for the normal in the wake of the Liberian war2015Ingår i: Journal of Modern African Studies, ISSN 0022-278X, E-ISSN 1469-7777, Vol. 53, nr 3, s. 494-496Artikel, recension (Refereegranskat)
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