The Nordic Africa Institute – Publications

nai.se
Endre søk
Begrens søket
1 - 47 of 47
RefereraExporteraLink til resultatlisten
Permanent link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Treff pr side
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sortering
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Forfatter A-Ø
  • Forfatter Ø-A
  • Tittel A-Ø
  • Tittel Ø-A
  • Type publikasjon A-Ø
  • Type publikasjon Ø-A
  • Eldste først
  • Nyeste først
  • Skapad (Eldste først)
  • Skapad (Nyeste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Eldste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyeste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidligste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (siste først)
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Forfatter A-Ø
  • Forfatter Ø-A
  • Tittel A-Ø
  • Tittel Ø-A
  • Type publikasjon A-Ø
  • Type publikasjon Ø-A
  • Eldste først
  • Nyeste først
  • Skapad (Eldste først)
  • Skapad (Nyeste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Eldste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyeste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidligste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (siste først)
Merk
Maxantalet träffar du kan exportera från sökgränssnittet är 250. Vid större uttag använd dig av utsökningar.
  • 1.
    Abu Hatab, Assem
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit. Department of Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Africa’s Food Security under the Shadow of the Russia-Ukraine Conflict2022Inngår i: The Strategic Review for Southern Africa, ISSN 1013-1108, Vol. 44, nr 1, s. 37-46Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The Russian invasion of Ukraine in February 2022 has emerged as an exogenous shock to global food supply chains, which foreshadows worrying impacts on Africa’s food security and nutrition, and threaten to derail national and global efforts to end hunger and poverty and to achieve sustainable development goals on the continent. This article provides an early assessment of the implications of the invasion for Africa’s food supply chains and food security. Two particularly aggravating factors, which explain the current and likely future impact of the invasion on Africa’s food security are discussed: the timing of the invasion and the two parties involved in the conflict. The article underlines four major channels by which the invasion disrupts African food supply chains: energy markets and shipping routes, availability and prices of agricultural production inputs, domestic food price inflation, and trade sanctions and other financial measures. In addition, the article considers the risk of social and political unrest that disruption to food supply chains and spikes in domestic food prices may inflame. Finally, the paper briefly discusses options for short- and long-term responses by African governments and their development partners to mitigate the repercussions of the conflict on food supply chains, boost food and nutrition security, and build resilience of Africa’s food systems

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 2.
    Abu Hatab, Assem
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Russia's invasion of Ukraine jeopardizes food security in Africa: shocks to global food supply chains could lead to social and political unrest2022Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Apart from being a humanitarian tragedy, Russia’s invasion of Ukraine has also emerged as an exogenous shock to global food supply chains, with severe consequences for many African countries in particular. Four months into the invasion, we can see three main threats to food security in Africa: a disruption to energy markets and shipping routes; a shortage of fertilizers; and the negative ‘third-party’ effects of sanctions imposed on and by Russia.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
    Download (jpg)
    preview image
  • 3.
    Abu Hatab, Assem
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit. Department of Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Boqvist, Sofia
    Department of Biomedical Sciences and Veterinary Public Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Lagerkvist, Carl-Johan
    Department of Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Editorial: Livestock Systems in Urbanizing Environments: Impacts and Implications for Food Security in Developing Countries2022Inngår i: Frontiers in Veterinary Science, E-ISSN 2297-1769, Vol. 9, artikkel-id 966044Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 4. Abu Hatab, Assem
    et al.
    Krautscheid, Lena
    Elsayied, Mohamed
    Amuakwa-Mensah, Franklin
    COVID-19 risk perception and food security in the MENA region: evidence from a multi-wave household survey2024Inngår i: Food Security, ISSN 1876-4517, E-ISSN 1876-4525Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    The COVID-19 pandemic had disruptive consequences for MENA countries’ agri-food value chains that exacerbated poverty and jeopardized food security. This study examines the relationship between individuals’ perception of contracting COVID-19 and their experience of food insecurity, using longitudinal data from the Combined COVID-19 MENA Monitor Household survey. It also investigates the underlying mechanisms of COVID-19 concerns and explores coping strategies employed by households to identify vulnerabilities in food security. The results provide compelling evidence of a strong association between individuals’ concern about the virus and various dimensions of food security, particularly reduced purchasing power and decreased meal frequency. Notably, this association follows an inverted U-shaped curve, with food insecurity initially increasing as worry grows, but declining after individuals contract the virus. High levels of concern were also linked to significant income decreases and worsening economic conditions. Moreover, individuals with higher concerns were more likely to rely on specific coping strategies, particularly spending savings and obtaining funds from relatives or friends. These findings underscore the need for government interventions during disease outbreaks and economic downturns to focus on alleviating individuals’ worry and fear to facilitate informed decision-making that minimizes food insecurity consequences. Additionally, the findings emphasize the need to strengthen social protection systems during public health and economic challenges to ensure food security for vulnerable populations. 

  • 5.
    Abu Hatab, Assem
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit. Department of Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Owusu-Sekyere, Enok
    Department of Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden; Department of Agricultural Economics, Extension & Rural Development, University of Pretoria, South Africa; Department of Agricultural Economics, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa.
    Esmat, Abou-Rehab
    Department of Agricultural Economics, Al-Azhar University, Assiut, Egypt.
    Lagerkvist, Carl-Johan
    Department of Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
    In the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic: Perceived risks, management strategies and emerging opportunities for small and medium agri-food enterprises in a developing country2023Inngår i: International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, E-ISSN 2212-4209, artikkel-id 104045Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The Covid-19 pandemic has posed unprecedented challenges to small and medium agri-food enterprises (SMAEs) in developing countries. However, research investigating what risks Covid-19 posed to these firms, how they responded, and what business opportunities emerged to SMAEs from the pandemic remains scanty. Drawing on a sample of 166 specialist SMAEs in Egypt, this study addressed these entwined questions by using multiple indicators and multiple causes (MIMIC) and mediation analysis. Our results point out that the Covid-19 pandemic exposed Egyptian SMAEs to complex and multidimensional risks, and caused profound effects on both upstream and downstream stages of their supply chains. In general, Egyptian SMAEs adopted a ‘wait-and-see’ approach to cope with such Covid-19 risks and impacts, which was attributed to their lack of sufficient financial resources to develop risk management strategies and formalize structures to deal with unexpected events. Interestingly, the results showed that several business opportunities emerged from pandemic; but SMAEs' resource disadvantages constrained their capacity to seize and exploit these opportunities. Moreover, we found that mitigation strategies adopted by SMAEs present a mediating factor between perceived Covid-19 risks and perceived business opportunities. Overall, our findings call for a paradigm shift in relation to enterprise risk management in developing countries' SMAEs toward more holistic frameworks to enhance their preparedness to future shocks, make mature operational and strategic management decisions, and exploit strategic opportunities.

  • 6.
    Abu Hatab, Assem
    et al.
    Department of Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden; Department of Economics & Rural Development, Arish University, Al-Arish, Egypt.
    Ravula, Padmaja
    Nedumaran, Swamikannu
    Lagerkvist, Carl-Johan
    Perceptions of the impacts of urban sprawl among urban and peri-urban dwellers of Hyderabad, India: a Latent class clustering analysis2022Inngår i: Environment, Development and Sustainability, ISSN 1387-585X, E-ISSN 1573-2975, Vol. 24, nr 11, s. 12787-12812Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Like many other developing countries, urban sprawl is a growing phenomenon in India, which poses socio-economic and environmental challenges that worryingly affect urban sustainability. In this study, a latent class clustering approach was used to investigate perceptions of urban sprawl among 622 urban and peri-urban dwellers in Hyderabad. The empirical results clustered the respondents into three distinct classes based on their perceptions of urban sprawl impacts: ‘undecided respondents’, ‘negative perceivers’, and ‘opportunity perceivers’. The majority of respondents were undecided with no strong views towards the impacts of urban sprawl, which may increase their vulnerability and hinder effective adaptation to the adverse economic, social and environmental effects of urban sprawl. This also provokes concerns about the effectiveness of government interventions to build public awareness of urban development and its impacts on the city. With regard to the role of demographic and socio-economic characteristics in shaping the perception of the respondents, the results revealed that social caste plays a determining role in forming dwellers’ perception. In particular, members of marginalised social castes were more likely to form positive perceptions of the impacts of urban sprawl as urban expansion generates better and stable income that improve their social status. In addition, individuals with higher levels of education were more likely to form negative or positive perceptions, implying that efforts to raise social capital could be a useful means for mitigating the impacts of urban sprawl. Finally, membership in community development organisations was a key factor in dictating membership of the negative perceivers’ class. Overall, our findings suggest that an appropriate policy framework and specific programmes are needed for enhancing dwellers’ perception towards the impacts of urban sprawl, which can enhance the design, acceptance, and implementation of a more sustainable governance of urbanisation and contribute to achieving urban sustainability in developing countries.

  • 7.
    Abu Hatab, Assem
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit. Department of Economics and Rural Development, Arish University, AlArish, Egypt.
    Surry, Yves
    Department of Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
    An econometric investigation of EU's import demand for fresh potato: a source differentiated analysis focusing on Egypt2022Inngår i: Journal of Agribusiness in Developing and Emerging Economies, ISSN 2044-0839, E-ISSN 2044-0847Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – A better understanding of the determinants of demand through accurate estimates of the elasticityof import demand can help policymakers and exporters improve their market access and competitiveness. This study analyzed the EU’s demand for imported potato from major suppliers between 1994 and 2018, with the aim to evaluate the competitiveness of Egyptian potato.

    Design/methodology/approach – This study adopted an import-differentiated framework to investigatedemand relationships among the major potato suppliers to the EU’s. To evaluate the competitiveness of Egyptian potato on the EU market, expenditure and price demand elasticities for various suppliers werecalculated and compared.

    Findings – The empirical results indicated that as income allocation of fresh potatoes increases, theinvestigated EU markets import more potatoes from other suppliers compared to imports from Egypt. The results show that EU importers may switch to potato imports from other suppliers as the import price ofEgyptian potatoes increases, which enter the EU markets before domestically produced potatoes are harvested.

    Research limitations/implications – Due to data unavailability, the present study relied on yearly data onquantities and prices of EU potato imports. A higher frequency of observations should allow for consideringseasonal effects, and thereby providing a more transparent picture of market dynamics and demand behaviorof EU countries with respect to potato import from various sources of origin.

    Originality/value – The study used a system-wide and source differentiated approach to analyze importdemand. In particular, the empirical approach allowed for comparing different demand models (AIDS,Rotterdam, NBR and CBS) to filter out the superior and most suitable model for that data because the suitabilityand performance of a demand model depends rather on data than on universal criteria.

  • 8.
    Bassler,, Arnd
    et al.
    BLE, Germany.
    Abu Hatab, Assem
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit. Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Zebeli, Quendrim
    University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna, Austria.
    Deliverable of Work Package 7: Common Strategic Research and Innovation Agenda2022Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 9.
    Beyene, Atakilte
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Agricultural transformation in Ethiopia: state policy and smallholder farming2018Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    For thousands of years, Ethiopia has depended on its smallholding farmers to provide the bulk of its food needs. But now, such farmers find themselves under threat from environmental degradation, climate change and declining productivity. As a result, smallholder agriculture has increasingly become subsistence-oriented, with many of these farmers trapped in a cycle of poverty. Smallholders have long been marginalised by mainstream development policies, and only more recently has their crucial importance been recognised for addressing rural poverty through agricultural reform.

    This collection, written by leading Ethiopian scholars, explores the scope and impact of Ethiopia’s policy reforms over the past two decades on the smallholder sector. Focusing on the Lake Tana basin in northwestern Ethiopia, an area with untapped potential for growth, the contributors argue that any effective policy will need to go beyond agriculture to consider the role of health, nutrition and local food customs, as well as including increased safeguards for smallholder’s land rights. They in turn show that smallholders represent a vitally overlooked component of development strategy, not only in Ethiopia but across the global South.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
    Download (jpg)
    preview image
  • 10.
    Beyene, Atakilte
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Agrarian Change, Property and Resources.
    Agricultural water institutions in East Africa2015Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Climate change is causing growing variability and uncertainty in rainfall in Africa. Since the continent's food production systems are dominantly rain-fed, these changes are putting food security at even higher risk. In order to reduce this dependency, institutional reforms in the agricultural water sectors have become a priority in research and policy.

    In this report, Atakilte Beyene, senior researcher at the Nordic Africa Institute, together with twelve researchers based in Africa, studies current agricultural water reforms in Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, and other East African countries. The report consists of four case studies and an introductory section. The first case study evaluates the performance of community participation in water resources governance in the Mount Kenya Region. It uncovers the implication of a ban on traditional institutions on water security at a catchment level. The second case analyses the prospects of introducing pro-poor water schemes in conditions where climate change and water inequality are already challenges. It identifies incentive mechanisms that enhance more efficient distribution and utilization of water resources. The third case examines impacts of competitive and intensive farming strategies, especially irrigation schemes, on water demands. The final case study explores how advances in information and communication technologies improve water-use management systems across organizational and geographic scales.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
    Download (pdf)
    cover
  • 11.
    Beyene, Atakilte
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Concluding remarks2018Inngår i: Agricultural transformation in Ethiopia: state policy and smallholder farming / [ed] Atakilte Beyene, London ; Uppsala: Zed Books ; Nordiska Afrikainstitutet , 2018, s. 180-185Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 12.
    Beyene, Atakilte
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Agrarian Change, Property and Resources.
    Costly not to consider local resistance: Advice on agricultural investments in Africa2013Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Failures in considering and properly addressing local resistance have become costly for both the local people and the investors. Land acquisition policies need to be accompanied by mechanisms that address local grievances and conflicts. These aspects are crucial not only to alleviate unjust practices, but also to enhance confidence of investors and performance of the investments.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Download the policy note here
  • 13.
    Beyene, Atakilte
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Land consolidation, canals and apps: reshaping agriculture in Ethiopia2019Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Over the last 15 years, Ethiopia has seen remarkable economic growth. The agricultural sector is part of this growth, but its proportional contribution to the overall economy has gone down. There is an urgent need to transform Ethiopian agriculture, not least when it comes to the inefficient land laws that impede young people from investing in farmland. This policy note identifies the structural problems that constrain such a transformation and gives recommendations on how they can be addressed.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
    Download (jpg)
    preview image
  • 14.
    Beyene, Atakilte
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Agrarian Change, Property and Resources.
    Large-scale land acquisitions in Tanzania and Ethiopia: a comparative perspective2015Inngår i: Looking back, looking ahead: land, agriculture and society in East Africa : a festschrift for Kjell Havnevik / [ed] Michael Ståhl, Uppsala: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, 2015, s. 170-181Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 15.
    Beyene, Atakilte
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Agrarian Change, Property and Resources.
    Small farms under stress play a huge role for Africa: smallholder agriculture and emerging global challenges2014Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Widespread poverty as well as food and income insecurity plague Africa’s dominant smallholder agriculture. Paradoxically, the very people who mainly depend on agriculture are not able to secure their own food and nutrition needs. Today, three-quarters of Africa’s malnourished children and the majority of people living in absolute poverty are found among the smallholder farmers who are key to the development of the continent.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 16.
    Beyene, Atakilte
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    State policies and questions of agrarian transformation2018Inngår i: Agricultural transformation in Ethiopia: state policy and smallholder farming / [ed] Atakilte Beyene, London ; Uppsala: Zed Books ; Nordiska Afrikainstitutet , 2018, s. 1-22Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 17.
    Beyene, Atakilte
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Ngonzo Luwesi, CushUniversity of Kwango.
    Water finance innovations in context2018Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 18.
    Beyene, Atakilte
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Sandström, Emil
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Emerging water frontiers in large-scale land acquisitions and implications for food security in Africa2016Inngår i: Water and food: from hunter-gatherers to global production in Africa / [ed] Terje Tvedt and Terje Oestigaard, London: I.B. Tauris, 2016, s. 502-520Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 19.
    Boesen, Jannik
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Mohele, A. T.
    The "success story" of peasant tobacco production in Tanzania: the political economy of a commodity producing peasantry1979Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This book studies how Tanzania in a period of 25-30 years became a tobacco producer and exporter. But its emphasis is on production, and therefore on the producers. It analyses the processes that made Tanzanians into peasant producers of tobacco for the international market. The dynamics of the organization of production under changing conditions of production. The effects on the development of productive forces, reproduction processes and the standard of living among the producers.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 20.
    Bwalya Umar, Bridget
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit. Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, University of Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia.
    Adapting to Climate Change Through Conservation Agriculture: A Gendered Analysis of Eastern Zambia2021Inngår i: Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems, E-ISSN 2571-581X, Vol. 5, artikkel-id 748300Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explored the use of conservation agriculture (CA) as a climate adaptationstrategy among smallholder farmers in Eastern Zambia. Using 761 household interviewsand 33 focus group discussions (FGDs) with smallholder farmers from six districts, datawas collected on how smallholder farmers in the region experience climate change,what CA practices they had adopted, and benefits and challenges associated withCA practice. Results show that men and women farmers had similar experiences ofclimate change, namely late onset of a shortened rainy season, intra-seasonal droughtand higher temperatures. Farmers’ perceptions of gender-mediated effects of climatechange had important nuances. The three most cited effects of climate change onwomen mentioned by women were lower crop yields, outbreaks of armyworms andreduced livestock fodder. The men thought women were most affected by increasedhunger, lower crop yields and reduced domestic water sources. According to the womenFGDs, men were most affected through reduced crop yields, increases in livestockdiseases and increased hunger. The men self-reported reduced crop yields, reducedwater for livestock and outbreaks of armyworms. Both men and women saw CA ashaving climate change adaptation benefits. For the women, men most benefitted fromCA through the high moisture holding capacity of basins, higher crop yields and reducedlabor requirements through use of oxen ripping. The men most appreciated the highcrop yields, improved soil fertility and reduced costs as less fertilizer is used. The womencited the high moisture holding capacity of basins, high crop yields and improved soilfertility as benefits they most commonly derived from CA, while the men thought thewomen most benefitted from CA through the higher crop yields, improved soil fertilityand crop tolerance to droughts. The study concludes that there is room for CA to serveas a climate smart agricultural system for both men and women smallholder farmers inEastern Zambia. However, this will require addressing important challenges of high weedpressure, high labor demands, and low access to manure, and CA farming implements.The CA package for Zambia should include access to timely climate information andclimate informed crop choices

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 21.
    Cheru, Fantu
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, African International Links.
    Modi, Renu
    Agricultural Development and Food Security in Africa: The Impact of Chinese, Indian and Brazilian Investments2013Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The subject of food security and land issues in Africa has become one of increased importance and contention over recent years. In particular, the focus has shifted to the role new Global South donors - in particular India, China and Brazil - are playing in shaping African agriculture through their increased involvement and investment in the continent. Approaching the topic through the framework of South-South co-operation (SSC), this highly original volume presents a critical analysis of the ways in which Chinese, Indian and Brazilian engagements in African agriculture are structured and implemented. Do these investments have the potential to create new opportunities to improve local living standards, transfer new technology and knowhow to African producers, and reverse the persistent productivity decline in African agriculture? Or will they simply aggravate the problem of food insecurity by accelerating the process of land alienation and displacement of local people from their land? Topical and comprehensive, ‘Agricultural Development and Food Security in Africa’ offers fresh insight into a set of relationships that will shape both Africa and the world over the coming decades.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
    Download (jpg)
    preview image
  • 22.
    Fang, Wang
    et al.
    Institute of Agricultural Economics and Information, Guangdong Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Guangzhou, China.
    Yang, Zhenyu
    Institute of Agricultural Economics and Information, Guangdong Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Guangzhou, China.
    Liu, Zhen
    School of Business, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing, China.
    Abu Hatab, Assem
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit. Department of Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden; Department of Economics and Rural Development, Arish University, Arish, Egypt.
    Green recovery of cropland carrying capacity in developed regions: empirical evidence from Guangdong, China2023Inngår i: Economic Change and Restructuring, ISSN 1573-9414, E-ISSN 1574-0277, Vol. 56, nr 3, s. 2405-2436Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper evaluates the carrying capacity of cultivated land in Guangdong Province,China, using the entropy weight method. Ecological and environmental pressuresignificantly impacts capacity, while economic and social factors are stable.Production pressure fluctuates and rises. To improve capacity, we must reduce ecologicaland environmental pressure, protect cultivated land resources, develop andpromote green technology, and maintain water conservation facilities. The resultsindicate that reducing ecological and environmental pressure is essential to improvethe carrying capacity of cultivated land in Guangdong Province. In conclusion, thisstudy highlights the importance of balancing economic growth with environmentalsustainability in developing regions like Guangdong Province. It suggests that aholistic approach that considers ecological, economic, and social factors is necessaryto ensure long-term food security and sustainable land use practices.

  • 23.
    Fisher, Eleanor
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Ohenjo, Nyang'ori
    Center for Minority Rights Development (CEMIRIDE), Kenya.
    Ng'endo, Mary
    CGIAR Research Initiative on Climate Resilience.
    Hellin, Jon
    International Rice Research Institute, Los Baños, Philippines.
    Preserving heritage, nurturing progress, raising social equity: policy advice on how indigenous peoples can advance sustainable agriculture in Kenya2023Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Recognising and including the knowledge and leadership of indigenous peoples in building resilient food systems is crucial for equitable transformation. Kenyan decision makers must empower indigenous peoples to engage in local climate adaptation and agricultural sector planning, and at the same time protect those peoples’ rights.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
    Download (jpg)
    preview image
  • 24.
    Ha, Thanh Mai
    et al.
    Department of Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden; Faculty of Economics and Rural Development, Vietnam National University of Agriculture, Hanoi, Viet Nam.
    Hansson, Helena
    Department of Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Abu Hatab, Assem
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit. Department of Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Darr, Dietrich
    Rhine-Waal University of Applied Sciences, Kleve, Germany.
    Shakur, Shamim
    School of Economics and Finance, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand.
    A risk-benefit approach to the purchase and consumption of conventional vegetables in wet markets2022Inngår i: Appetite, ISSN 0195-6663, E-ISSN 1095-8304, Vol. 176, artikkel-id 106142Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 25. Hansson, Helena
    et al.
    Säll, Sarah
    Abu Hatab, Assem
    Ahlgren, Serina
    Berggren, Åsa
    Hallström, Elinor
    Lundqvist, Peter
    Persson, U. Martin
    Rydhmer, Lotta
    Röös, Elin
    Tidåker, Pernilla
    Winkvist, Anna
    Zhu, Li-hua
    An indicator framework to guide food system sustainability transition – the case of Sweden2024Inngår i: Environmental and Sustainability Indicators, ISSN 2665-9727, s. 100403-100403, artikkel-id 100403Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 26.
    Havnevik, Kjell
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Agrarian Change, Property and Resources. University of Agder, Norway.
    Matondi, Prosper B.Ruzivo Trust, Harare, Zimbabwe.Beyene, AtakilteStockholm Environment Institute.
    Biofuels, Land Grabbing and Food Security in Africa2011Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Energy crisis and climate change have generated global demands for alternative non-fossil fuel sources. This has led to a rapid increase of investments in production of liquid biofuels based on agricultural feed stocks such as sugar cane. Most African governments see biofuels as a potential for increasing agricultural productivity and export incomes and thus strengthening their national economies, improving energy balances and rural employment. At the same time climate change may be addressed through reduction of green house gas emissions.

    There are, however, a number of uncertainties mounting that challenge this scenario. Using in-depth African case studies this book addresses this knowledge gap by examining the impacts of large-scale biofuel production on African agriculture in regard to vital land outsourcing and food security issues. The surge for African biofuels has also opened space for private investors both domestic and external to multiply and network 'independently' of the state. The biofuel expansion thus generates new economic alliances and production relations, resulting in new forms of inclusions and exclusions within the rural population.

    An essential book for anyone wishing to understand the startling impact of biofuels and land outsourcing on Africa.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
    Download (jpg)
    preview image
  • 27.
    Hesselberg, Jan
    Department of Geography, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
    The third world in transition: the case of the peasantry in Botswana1985Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of the present work is through the case of Botswana to discuss the creation of poverty in the period of transition from tribal to modern society in the Third World today. This is done by an analysis focusing at the peasantry. The recently renewed fashion of blaming the peasants for lack of improved food production and thus for poverty at local and national levels is questioned.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 28.
    Huang, Wei
    et al.
    Department of Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden.
    Liu, Qian
    Department of Food and Resource Economics, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Abu Hatab, Assem
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit. Department of Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden; Department of Economics and Rural Development, Arish University, Arish, Egypt.
    Is the technical efficiency green?: The environmental efficiency of agricultural production in the MENA region2023Inngår i: Journal of Environmental Management, ISSN 0301-4797, E-ISSN 1095-8630, Vol. 327, artikkel-id 116820Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 29. Hårsmar, Mats
    et al.
    Sandström, Emil
    Beyene, Atakilte
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Lake Tana: Source of Disputes or Collaboration over the Blue Nile?2016Inngår i: Land and Hydropolitics in the Nile River Basin: Challenges and newinvestments / [ed] Emil Sandstrom, Anders Jägerskog and Terje Oestigaard, London; New York: Routledge, 2016, s. 189-210Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 30. J.I., Nagasha
    et al.
    M, Ocaido
    Rajala, E.
    Abu Hatab, Assem
    Chiwona-Karltun, Linley
    Gender-based approaches for improving milk safety, value addition and marketing among smallholder livestock farmers2024Inngår i: Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems, E-ISSN 2571-581X, Vol. 8Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In the context of Uganda, this study delves into gender-based strategies aimed at enhancing women's engagement in milk safety, value addition and marketing within smallholder livestock farming. The objectives were twofold: first, to document the current practices of women in milk safety, value addition, and marketing channels; second, to examine the constraints, opportunities, and strategies related to the production of safe milk and milk products, along with accessing sustainable markets. Conducted in four sub-counties of Kiruhura district, this research employed both qualitative participatory methods and structured questionnaires, including twelve focused group discussions and twenty key informant interviews with both women and men. Notably, 217 structured questionnaires were administered. The findings illuminate that women play a central role in milk processing, water provisioning, sanitation, hygiene practices and were the primary contributors to milk value addition, particularly in the production of butter and ghee. Despite their active involvement, women face challenges in accessing adequate milk quantities, employ traditional labor-intensive procedures and encounter difficulties in marketing their processed products. Men, often the household heads, held decision-making authority over milk consumption and control the selling of milk, contributing to gender disparities. Addressing these challenges necessitates comprehensive support, including training and capacity-building initiatives for both men and women in milk value addition, credit access, and market entry. The study underscores the potential for improved women's access to milk quantities, particularly for butter and ghee production, to strengthen rural livelihoods and boost dairy production in Uganda. 

  • 31.
    Macura, Biljana
    et al.
    Stockholm Environment Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Ran, Ylva
    Department of Energy and Technology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Persson, U. Martin
    Physical Resource Theory, Department of Space, Earth & Environment, Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Abu Hatab, Assem
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit. Department of Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Jonell, Malin
    Beijer Institute of Ecological Economics, The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden; Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden; The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Lindahl, Therese
    Beijer Institute of Ecological Economics, The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden; Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Röös, Elin
    Department of Energy and Technology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
    What evidence exists on the effects of public policy interventions for achieving environmentally sustainable food consumption?: A systematic map protocol2022Inngår i: Environmental Evidence, E-ISSN 2047-2382, Vol. 11, artikkel-id 17Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The global food system is causing considerable environmental harm. A transition towards more sustainable consumption is needed. Targeted public policy interventions are crucial for stimulating such transition. While there is extensive research about the promotion of more environmentally sustainable food consumption, this knowledge is scattered across different sources. This systematic map aims to collate and describe the available evidence on public policy interventions such as laws, directives, taxes and information campaigns, for achieving sustainable food consumption patterns.

    Methods: We will search bibliographic databases, specialist websites, Google Scholar and bibliographies of relevant reviews. Searches for academic literature will be performed in English, while searches for grey literature will be performed in English, Swedish, Danish and Norwegian. Screening, including consistency checking exercises, will be done at two levels: title and abstract, and full text. We will use machine learning algorithms to support screening at the title and abstract level. Coding and meta-data extraction will include bibliographic information, policy details and context, and measured environmental outcome(s). The evidence base will be summarised narratively using tables and graphs and presented as an online interactive searchable database and a website that will allow for visualisation, filtering and exploring systematic map findings, knowledge gaps and clusters.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 32.
    Mubanga, Fiona
    et al.
    Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, School of Natural Sciences, University of Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia.
    Bwalya Umar, Bridget
    Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, School of Natural Sciences, University of Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia.
    Environmental discounting behaviour of smallholder farmers in Chibombo District, Central Zambia2020Inngår i: Land use policy, ISSN 0264-8377, E-ISSN 1873-5754, Vol. 95, artikkel-id 104551Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 33. Nabuurs, G-J
    et al.
    Mrabet, R.
    Abu Hatab, Assem
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit. Department of Economics, The Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden.
    Bustamante, M.
    Clark, H.
    Havlik, P.
    House, J.
    Mbow, C.
    Ninan, K. N.
    Popp, A.
    Roe, S.
    Sohngen, B.
    Towprayoon, S.
    Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Uses (AFOLU)2022Inngår i: Climate Change 2022: Mitigation of Climate Change. Contribution of Working Group III to the Sixth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change / [ed] P.R. Shukla, J. Skea, R. Slade, A. Al Khourdajie, R. van Diemen, D. McCollum, M. Pathak, S. Some, P. Vyas, R. Fradera, M. Belkacemi, A. Hasija, G. Lisboa, S. Luz, J. Malley, Cambridge, UK; New York, NY, US: Cambridge University Press, 2022, s. 747-860Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 34.
    Ndirangu, Wangai
    et al.
    Batiment Engineering and Associates.
    Ngonzo Luwesi, Cush
    University of Kwango.
    Beyene, Atakilte
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Akudugu, Mamudu Abunga
    University for Development Studies.
    Africa's water sector development and financing outlook2018Inngår i: Water finance innovations in context / [ed] Atakilte Beyene and Cush Ngonzo Luwesi, Uppsala: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, 2018, s. 43-57Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 35.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet,
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Bibliography of agricultural research in Tanzania1990Bok (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Download the book here.
  • 36.
    Obando, Joy Apiyo
    et al.
    Kenyatta University.
    Ngonzo Luwesi, Cush
    University of Kwango.
    Beyene, Atakilte
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Tshimanga, Raphael Mwamba
    University of Kinshasa.
    Ruhakana, Albert
    Rwanda Agriculture Board.
    The core business of integrated water management: achieving water governance performance2018Inngår i: Water finance innovations in context / [ed] Atakilte Beyene and Cush Ngonzo Luwesi, Uppsala: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, 2018, s. 61-79Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 37.
    Oestigaard, Terje
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Sandström, EmilAnders, Jägerskog
    Land and Hydropolitics in the Nile River Basin: Challenges and New Investments2016Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The Nile River Basin supports the livelihoods of millions of people in Egypt, Ethiopia, Sudan and Uganda, principally as water for agriculture and hydropower. The resource is the focus of much contested development, not only between upstream and downstream neighbours, but also from countries outside the region. This book investigates the water, land and energy nexus in the Nile Basin.

    It explains how the current surge in land and energy investments, both by foreign actors as well as domestic investors, affects already strained transboundary relations in the region and how investments are intertwined within wider contexts of Nile Basin history, politics and economy. Overall, the book presents a range of perspectives, drawing on political science, international relations theory, sociology, history and political ecology.

  • 38.
    Otto, Opira
    et al.
    Department of Urban and Rural Development, Division of Rural Development, The Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Uppsala, Sweden.
    Isinika, AidaInstitute of Continuing Education (ICE), Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogoro, Tanzania.Musahara, HermanSchool of Economics, University of Rwanda, Kigali, Rwanda.
    Land tenure dynamics in East Africa: changing practices and rights to land2019Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Agriculture remains the main source of livelihood for most rural people in East Africa. Farming is dominated by smallholders, of whom the majority are women. Their tenure and access to land is important for reducing rural poverty, enhancing food security and stimulating agricultural development. Secure tenure represents one of the most critical challenges to the development of sustainable agriculture in the region. In an effort to understand the land question and its variation across the region, this book analyses the land reforms, their context and dynamics.

    The book presents recent studies on the dynamics of land tenure and land tenure reforms in East Africa with a focus on Kenya, Rwanda, South Sudan, Tanzania and Uganda. By selecting these five countries, the book is able to show the changing practices and variations in the land tenure dynamics and explain how they relate to historical and more contemporary issues.

    The chapters are written by researchers, policy makers and activists with a diverse background and experience/expertise in relation to the land question. Their contributions offer a multiperspective basis for critical rethinking and reflection on the future of the land question in East Africa.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
    Download (jpg)
    preview image
  • 39.
    Padmaja, Ravula
    et al.
    Enabling Systems Transformation, International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, Patancheru, India.
    Nedumaran, Swamikannu
    Enabling Systems Transformation, International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, Patancheru, India.
    Jyosthnaa, Padmanabhan
    Enabling Systems Transformation, International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, Patancheru, India.
    Kavitha, Kasala
    Enabling Systems Transformation, International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, Patancheru, India.
    Abu Hatab, Assem
    Department of Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden; Department of Economics and Rural Development, Arish University, Arish, Egypt.
    Lagerkvist, Carl-Johan
    Department of Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
    COVID-19 Impact on Household Food Security in Urban and Peri-Urban Areas of Hyderabad, India2022Inngår i: Frontiers In Public Health, ISSN 2296-2565, Vol. 10, artikkel-id 814112Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 40.
    Rald, Jørgen
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Rald, Karen
    Rural organization in Bukoba district, Tanzania1975Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    The publication is available for download here.
  • 41.
    Ran, Ylva
    et al.
    Department of Energy and Technology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Van Rysselberge, Pierre
    Department of Energy and Technology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Macura, Biljana
    tockholm Environment Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Persson, U. Martin
    Physical Resource Theory, Department of Space, Earth and Environment, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Abu Hatab, Assem
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit. Department of Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Jonell, Malin
    Beijer Institute of Ecological Economics, The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden; Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden; Global Economic Dynamics and the Biosphere, The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Lindahl, Therese
    Beijer Institute of Ecological Economics, The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden; Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Röös, Elin
    Department of Energy and Technology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Effects of public policy interventions for environmentally sustainable food consumption: a systematic map of available evidence2024Inngår i: Environmental Evidence, E-ISSN 2047-2382, Vol. 13, artikkel-id 10Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 42.
    Robling, Helena
    et al.
    Department of Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Hatab, Assem Abu
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet. Department of Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Säll, Sarah
    Department of Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Hansson, Helena
    Department of Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Measuring sustainability at farm level: A critical view on data and indicators2023Inngår i: Environmental and Sustainability Indicators, E-ISSN 2665-9727, Vol. 18, artikkel-id 100258Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Measuring sustainability at farm level is a priority for both research and policy and requires sustainability indicators to track progress. Indicators make the sustainability concept more concrete and guide farm level decisions, playing a decisive role in determining food system impacts on societies and the environment. Data availability is often a limiting factor when choosing indicators, but not enough attention is paid to the role of data in indicator construction and assessment results. This paper assessed the critical role of data in indicator construction and the potential limitations that current data availability imposes on farm-level sustainability assessments, using the example of dairy farms in Sweden. To do so we used a five-step approach consisting of a literature review, an inventory of data sources, an expert consultation, a matching and gap analysis, and a critical assessment. We found that 20 indicators categorized under 12 out of 20 sustainability themes had measurement issues due to missing scope, temporary data, or additional data requirements. At least some indicators were measurable within all themes in the social and economic dimensions while all indicators for pesticides, non-renewable energy, and soil quality in the environmental dimension had measurement issues. In the critical assessment, we argue that for some indicators, there are trade-offs between data availability and issues of comprehensibility and analytical validity. Furthermore, we found that no single data source could be used to measure all themes; which means that merging of different data sets is needed for a broader on-farm sustainability assessment. Our findings are relevant for the discussion on sustainability indicators and will inform future programs aimed at collecting sustainability data at farm level, which should consider the broad data needs identified and the potential to merge data to enable holistic sustainability assessments.

  • 43. Sodaitytė, Inga
    et al.
    Šarauskis, Egidijus
    Kriaučiūnienė, Zita
    Kazlauskas, Marius
    Ruiz, Manuel Pérez
    Apolo-Apolo, Enrique
    Pantazi, Xanthoula Eirini
    Díaz, Manuela
    Abu Hatab, Assem
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit. Department of Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Owusu-Sekyere, Enoch
    Carballido, Jacob
    Whetton, Rebecca
    Almoujahed, Mhd Baraa
    Rangarajan, Aravind Krishnaswamy
    Moshou, Dimitrios
    Mouazen, Abdul M.
    Smart Solutions for Selective Harvesting of Cereals Based on Mycotoxin Content2022Inngår i: Žmogaus ir gamtos sauga (Human and nature safety), ISSN 1822-1823, s. 13-16Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Fusarium head blight (FHB) is a fungal disease that affects a variety of cereals. FHB is most commonly caused by the fungal pathogen Fusarium graminearum. FHB infected crops can develop a wide variety of mycotoxins, which are very dangerous to humans and animals. FHB is currently being controlled by chemical fungicides, which are very dangerous for the environment and are only effective under certain conditions. Resistant varieties and well-chosen agricultural technologies can help reduce the prevalence of FHB in plants. However, at present there are no fully resistant varieties. The article analyses the possible ways to identify FHB infected areas in winter wheat and barley crops and how this data can be used to map field infestation. For the detection of FHB is used field scanning and analysis of the multispectral or hyperspectral data results on field contamination. According exact field locations affected by FHB, harvesting trajectories can be designed to distinguish between completely uninfected, minimally infected, and heavily infected plants. According to this, the harvest can later be sorted into top quality, medium and low quality.

  • 44.
    Sow, Papa
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Counter-terrorism has to be transborder and address root causes: joint efforts key as jihadist violence spills over into Burkina Faso, Benin and Niger2022Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The spiral of violence in the Sahel is threatening to engulf the biosphere reserve in the cross-border territory shared by Burkina Faso, Benin and Niger. The rising violence is causing massive displacement and all three countries should respond jointly by mobilising and coordinating state armed forces to protect affected populations. But a joint military response is not enough. The three states should also collaborate to address the root causes of the insecurity: the land and pastoralism crisis; inconsistency in the distribution of forest resources; and a poorly integrated approach to managing the biosphere reserve.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
    Download (jpg)
    presentationsbild
  • 45.
    Ståhl, Michael
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Looking back, looking ahead: land, agriculture and society in East Africa : a festschrift for Kjell Havnevik2015Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Is Africa rising? Many countries in sub-Saharan Africa experience remarkable growth. Afro-optimists claim that an economic transformation is imminent, while critics argue that growth is mainly in the extractive sectors, with little improvement being noted among the rural and urban poor.

    This collection of essays focuses on East Africa, with an emphasis on Tanzania. It is published as Professor Kjell Havnevik retires from the Nordic Africa Institute. He has carried out research, taught and supervised students, and participated in policy debates on agriculture, the environment and development policies in Africa.

    In this volume, authors review the challenges that agricultural producers have faced in the past and risk facing today and tomorrow; customary and individual land tenure regimes; the character of current growth; and policy dialogue between the donor community and the Tanzanian government. Several contributions converge on the drive for large-scale land acquisitions, their potential and shortcomings, as well as on the policy alternative – investment in small-scale farming. The book also includes essays on religion and education.

    In addressing all these development issues, these essays are a fitting tribute to the work of Kjell Havnevik, his colleagues and students.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
    Download (pdf)
    cover
  • 46.
    Twongyirwe, Ronald
    et al.
    Department of Environment and Livelihoods Support Systems, Faculty of Interdisciplinary Studies, Mbarara University of Science and Technology, Mbarara, Uganda; School of Agriculture, Policy and Development, University of Reading, Reading, United Kingdom .
    Fisher, Eleanor
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit.
    Karungi, Christine
    Graduate student, Faculty of Interdisciplinary Studies, Mbarara University of Science and Technology, Mbarara, Uganda.
    Ndugu, Nelson
    Department of Physics, North-West University, Mmabatho, South Africa; Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Muni University, Arua, Uganda.
    Projected land use change in an oil-rich landscape in Uganda: A participatory modelling approach2022Inngår i: The Extractive Industries and Society, ISSN 2214-790X, E-ISSN 2214-7918, Vol. 10, artikkel-id 101071Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The discovery of oil in the North Albertine Rift Landscape of Uganda has increased pressure on land andheightened the potential for resource use conflict. In this article, we focus on changing land use dynamics as oilextraction unfolds in a new resource frontier. We ask how the development of the nascent oil industry will affectland use dynamics, including land use conflicts. This leads us to identify the land use change already arising andto use this as the basis for participatory modelling of projected change. Given they are dominant forms of landuse, agriculture and forestry are central to our analysis. Design of the methodology combined remote sensingwith innovative modelling incorporating participatory development methods. This facilitated insight into projected land use patterns, and specifically relationships between small-scale food production, commercial sugarcane production, and forestry conservation adjacent to settlement areas. Our data show that ill–defined landboundaries and an aggressive sugarcane out-grower scheme are avenues for so-called land grabbing. Modellingscenarios under both the status quo and under oil extraction suggest the land area covered by sugarcane production will increase at the expense of food crop farming. Given a context where forestry conservation is animportant form of land use, we also consider the implications of local agricultural change on land reserved forconservation. Overall, our modelling indicates that in accounting for land use change within the resource frontierassociated with oil extraction, there needs to be insight into the intricate interconnections between differentforms of rural land use as future change unfolds. Understanding how oil extraction effects rural land use patternsholds relevance for planning in contexts of the Global South where new oil industries are emerging. Innovativemethodologies for teasing out these complex land use dynamics can aid planning that seeks to anticipate andreduce land use conflict and support agricultural livelihoods. 

  • 47.
    Umar, Bridget Bwalya
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit. Department of Geography & Environmental Studies, University of Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia.
    Nyanga, Progress H.
    Department of Geography & Environmental Studies, University of Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia.
    Customary Land Certification, Governance and Natural Resource Use in Zambia: A Social Learning Approach2022Inngår i: European Journal of Development Research, ISSN 0957-8811, E-ISSN 1743-9728Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
1 - 47 of 47
RefereraExporteraLink til resultatlisten
Permanent link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf